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Mary, Lady Stewart, née Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow (17 September 1916 – 9 May 2014), was a British novelist who developed the romantic mystery genre, featuring smart, adventurous heroines who could hold their own in dangerous situations. She also wrote children's books and poetry, but may be best known for her Merlin series, which straddles the boundary between the historical novel and fantasy.

Contents 1 Biography 1.1 Personal life 1.2 Writing career 2 Bibliography 2.1 Romantic suspense novels 2.2 The Merlin Series 2.3 Children's novels 2.4 Poetry 3 References 3.1 Bibliography 4 External links


Personal life

Mary Stewart was born on 17 September 1916 in Sunderland, County Durham, England, UK, daughter of Mary Edith Matthews, from New Zealand, and Frederick Rainbow, a vicar.[1][2] She graduated from Durham University in 1938 with first-class honours in English. Her original intention to become a professor was derailed by the scarcity of jobs during World War II; she earned a teaching certificate and taught primary school for a while. After the war, she earned her master's degree and became a lecturer in English Language and Literature at the university. She received an honorary D.Litt in 2009.[3] It was in Durham that she met and married her husband, Frederick Stewart, a young Scot who lectured in Geology. They married in 1945, only three months after they met at a VE Day dance. At 30, she suffered an ectopic pregnancy, undiagnosed for several weeks, and subsequently could not have children.

In 1956, they moved to Edinburgh, where he became professor of geology and mineralogy, and later chairman of the Geology Department of Edinburgh University.[4] Mary, in her own words, was a "born storyteller" and had been writing stories since the age of three. When she and her husband moved to Edinburgh, she submitted a novel to the publishers Hodder & Stoughton. Madam, Will You Talk? was an immediate success, followed by many other successful works over the years.

In 1974, Mary's husband Frederick Stewart was knighted and she became Lady Stewart, although she never used the title. Her husband died in 2001.[5]

In semi-retirement Stewart resided in Edinburgh, Scotland as well as Loch Awe, Scotland. An avid gardener, Mary and her husband shared a keen love of nature. She died on 9 May 2014.[6][7]

Writing career

Stewart was the best-selling author of many romantic suspense and historical fiction novels. They were well received by critics, due especially to her skilful story-telling and enchanting prose. Her novels are also known for their well-crafted settings, many in England but also in such exotic locations as Damascus and the Greek islands, as well as Spain, France, Austria, etc.[8]

She was at the height of her popularity from late 1950s to 1980s, when many of her novels were translated into other languages. The Moon-Spinners, one of her most popular novels, was also made into a Disney movie. Stewart was one of the most prominent writers of the romantic suspense subgenre, blending romance novels and mystery. Critically, her works are considered superior to those of other acclaimed romantic suspense novelists, such as Victoria Holt and Phyllis Whitney.[9] She seamlessly combined the two genres, maintaining a full mystery while focusing on the courtship between two people,[10] so that the process of solving the mystery "helps to illuminate" the hero's personality—thereby helping the heroine to fall in love with him.[11]

Following the success of T. H. White's The Once and Future King, and the connection of the Kennedy presidency with "Camelot", Arthurian legends regained popularity. Mary Stewart added to this climate by publishing The Crystal Cave, the first in what was to become a five-book series later dubbed The Merlin Chronicles. It placed Lady Stewart on the best seller list many times throughout the 1970s and 1980s.


Romantic suspense novels Madam, Will You Talk? (1954) Wildfire at Midnight (1956) Thunder on the Right (1957) Nine Coaches Waiting (1958) My Brother Michael (1959) The Ivy Tree (1961) The Moon-Spinners (1962) This Rough Magic (1964) Airs Above the Ground (1965) The Gabriel Hounds (1967) The Wind Off the Small Isles (1968) Touch Not the Cat (1976) Thornyhold (1988) Stormy Petrel (1991) Rose Cottage (1997)

The Merlin Series

Further information: Mary Stewart's Merlin Trilogy 1.The Crystal Cave (1970) 2.The Hollow Hills (1973) 3.The Last Enchantment (1979) 4.The Wicked Day (1983) 5.The Prince and the Pilgrim (1995)

Children's novels The Little Broomstick (1971) Ludo and the Star Horse (1974) A Walk in Wolf Wood (1980)

Poetry Frost on the Window: And other Poems (1990) (poetry collection)


1.Jump up ^ Telegraph (accessed 28 May 2007) 2.Jump up ^ Encyclopedia Britannica Student Encyclopedia (accessed 28 May 2007) 3.Jump up ^ Durham University Honorary Degrees 4.Jump up ^ former Author biography in the 1988 paperback edition of her novel Thornyhold 5.Jump up ^ The Guardian (accessed 28 May 2007) 6.Jump up ^ Hore, Rachel (15 May 2014). "Mary Stewart obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 7.Jump up ^ Gates, Anita (15 May 2014). "Mary Stewart, British Writer Who Spanned Genres, Dies at 97". New York Times. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 8.Jump up ^ Contemporary Literary Criticism, v. 35. Gale Research Company, 1985. 9.Jump up ^ Friedman, Lenemaja (1990), Mary Stewart, Boston, Massachusetts: Twain Publishers, ISBN 9780805769852 10.Jump up ^ Regis (2003), pp. 143, 144. 11.Jump up ^ Regis (2003), p. 146.

Bibliography Regis, Pamela (2003), A Natural History of the Romance Novel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, ISBN 0-8122-3303-4 Friedman, Lenemaja (1990), Mary Stewart, Boston, Massachusetts: Twain Publishers, ISBN 9780805769852

External links[]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mary Stewart (novelist) 

"Off the Page-Mary Stewart" 2010. Culture and literature series featuring a Scottish writer each week. In this episode, romance and historical novelist Mary Stewart discusses her natural passion for reading and writing, and the creation of her Merlin novels. "Mary Stewart: A Teller of Tales" 2011. Article by Katherine Hall Page from Mystery Scene. University of Rochester. "Interview with Mary Stewart" 1989. From Interviews with Authors of Modern Arthurian Literature. "Novelist Mary Stewart's a Lady Like Antonia Fraser—by Title; and That Ends the Similarity" 1976. Early People magazine article by Fred Hauptfuhrer. Mary Stewart at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Mary Stewart at Library of Congress Authorities, with 57 catalog records