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2021

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  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)
  2012 (Friday)

March 9 is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 297 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 141 BC – Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne over the Han dynasty of China.[1]
  • 1009 – First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg.[2]
  • 1226Khwarazmian sultan Jalal ad-Din conquers the Georgian capital of Tbilisi.[3]
  • 1230Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus in the Battle of Klokotnitsa.[4]
  • 1500 – The fleet of Pedro Álvares Cabral leaves Lisbon for the Indies. The fleet will discover Brazil which lies within boundaries granted to Portugal in the Treaty of Tordesillas.[5]
  • 1701Safavid troops retreat from Basra, ending a three year occupation.[6]
  • 1765 – After a campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son may have actually committed suicide.[7]
  • 1776The Wealth of Nations by Scottish economist and philosopher Adam Smith is published.[8]
  • 1796Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.[9]
  • 1811 – Paraguayan forces defeat Manuel Belgrano at the Battle of Tacuarí.[10]
  • 1815Francis Ronalds describes the first battery-operated clock in the Philosophical Magazine.[11]
  • 1841 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules in the United States v. The Amistad case that captive Africans who had seized control of the ship carrying them had been taken into slavery illegally.[12]
  • 1842Giuseppe Verdi's third opera, Nabucco, receives its première performance in Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy's foremost opera composers.[13]
  • 1842 – The first documented discovery of gold in California occurs at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush.[14][15]
  • 1847Mexican–American War: The first large-scale amphibious assault in U.S. history is launched in the Siege of Veracruz.[16]
  • 1862American Civil War: Template:Ship and Template:Ship fight to a draw in the Battle of Hampton Roads, the first battle between two ironclad warships.[17]
  • 1908Inter Milan was founded on Football Club Internazionale, following a schism from A.C. Milan.[18]
  • 1916Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa leads nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against the border town of Columbus, New Mexico.[19]
  • 1933Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress, the first of his New Deal policies.[20]
  • 1942World War II: Dutch East Indies unconditionally surrendered to the Japanese forces in Kalijati, Subang, West Java, and the Japanese completed their Dutch East Indies campaign.[21]
  • 1944 – World War II: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia.[22]
  • 1945 – World War II: A coup d'état by Japanese forces in French Indochina removes the French from power.[23]
  • 1946Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, kills 33 and injures hundreds more.[24]
  • 1954McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, "A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy", produced by Fred Friendly.[25]
  • 1956Soviet forces suppress mass demonstrations in the Georgian SSR, reacting to Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy.[26]
  • 1957 – The 8.6 Template:M Andreanof Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands, causing over $5 million in damage from ground movement and a destructive tsunami.[27]
  • 1959 – The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.[28]
  • 1960 – Dr. Belding Hibbard Scribner implants for the first time a shunt he invented into a patient, which allows the patient to receive hemodialysis on a regular basis.[29]
  • 1961Sputnik 9 successfully launches, carrying a dog and a human dummy, and demonstrating that the Soviet Union was ready to begin human spaceflight.[30]
  • 1967Trans World Airlines Flight 553 crashes in a field in Concord Township, Ohio following a mid-air collision with a Beechcraft Baron, killing 26 people.[31]
  • 1974 – The Mars 7 Flyby bus releases the descent module too early, missing Mars.[32]
  • 1976 – Forty-two people die in the Cavalese cable car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.[33]
  • 1977 – The Hanafi Siege: In a thirty-nine-hour standoff, armed Hanafi Muslims seize three Washington, D.C., buildings.[34]
  • 1978 – President Soeharto inaugurated Jagorawi Toll Road, the first toll highway in Indonesia, connecting Jakarta, Bogor and Ciawi, West Java.[35]
  • 1997Comet Hale–Bopp: Observers in China, Mongolia and eastern Siberia are treated to a rare double feature as an eclipse permits Hale-Bopp to be seen during the day.[36]
  • 2011Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights.[37]

Births

  • 1454Amerigo Vespucci, Italian cartographer and explorer (d. 1512)[38]
  • 1564David Fabricius, German theologian, cartographer and astronomer (d. 1617)[39]
  • 1568Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (d. 1591)[40]
  • 1662Franz Anton von Sporck, German noble (d. 1738)[41]
  • 1697Friederike Caroline Neuber, German actress (d. 1760)[42]
  • 1737Josef Mysliveček, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1781)[43]
  • 1749Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, French journalist and politician (d. 1791)[44]
  • 1753Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general (d. 1800)[45]
  • 1758Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroanatomist and physiologist (d. 1828)[46]
  • 1763William Cobbett, English journalist and author (d. 1835)[47]
  • 1806Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist (d. 1872)[48]
  • 1814Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet and playwright (d. 1861)[49]
  • 1815David Davis, American jurist and politician (d. 1886)[50]
  • 1820Samuel Blatchford, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1893)[51]
  • 1824Amasa Leland Stanford, American businessman and politician, founded Stanford University (d. 1893)[52]
  • 1847Martin Pierre Marsick, Belgian violinist, composer, and educator (d. 1924)[53]
  • 1850Hamo Thornycroft, English sculptor and academic (d. 1925)[54]
  • 1856Eddie Foy, Sr., American actor and dancer (d. 1928)[55]
  • 1863Mary Harris Armor, American suffragist (d. 1950)[56]
  • 1887Fritz Lenz, German geneticist and physician (d. 1976)[57]
  • 1890Rupert Balfe, Australian footballer and lieutenant (d. 1915)[58]
  • 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician and diplomat, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1986)[59]
  • 1891José P. Laurel, Filipino lawyer, politician and President of the Philippines (d. 1959)[60]
  • 1892Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian politician (d. 1971)[61]
  • 1892 – Vita Sackville-West, English author, poet, and gardener (d. 1962)[62]
  • 1902Will Geer, American actor (d. 1978)[63]
  • 1904Paul Wilbur Klipsch, American soldier and engineer, founded Klipsch Audio Technologies (d. 2002)[64]
  • 1910Samuel Barber, American pianist and composer (d. 1981)[65]
  • 1911Clara Rockmore, American classical violin prodigy and theremin player, (d. 1998)[66]
  • 1915Johnnie Johnson, English air marshal and pilot (d. 2001)[67]
  • 1918George Lincoln Rockwell, American sailor and politician, founded the American Nazi Party (d. 1967)[68]
  • 1918 – Mickey Spillane, American crime novelist (d. 2006)[69]
  • 1920Franjo Mihalić, Croatian-Serbian runner and coach (d. 2015)[70]
  • 1921Carl Betz, American actor (d. 1978)[71]
  • 1922Ian Turbott, New Zealand-Australian former diplomat and university administrator (d. 2016)[72]
  • 1923James L. Buckley, American lawyer, judge, and politician[73]
  • 1923 – André Courrèges, French fashion designer (d. 2016)[74]
  • 1923 – Walter Kohn, Austrian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)[75]
  • 1926Joe Franklin, American radio and television host (d. 2015)[76]
  • 1928Gerald Bull, Canadian-American engineer and academic (d. 1990)[77]
  • 1928 – Keely Smith, American singer and actress (d. 2017)[78]
  • 1929Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese lawyer, politician and President of Guyana (d. 2002)[79]
  • 1929 – Zillur Rahman, Bangladeshi politician, 19th President of Bangladesh (d. 2013)[80]
  • 1930Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist, violinist, trumpet player, and composer (d. 2015)[81]
  • 1931Jackie Healy-Rae, Irish politician (d. 2014)[82]
  • 1932Qayyum Chowdhury, Bangladeshi painter and academic (d. 2014)[83]
  • 1932 – Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican-American astrologer and actor (d. 2019)[84]
  • 1933Lloyd Price, American R&B singer-songwriter[85]
  • 1933 – David Weatherall, English physician, geneticist, and academic (d. 2018)[86]
  • 1934Yuri Gagarin, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1968)[87]
  • 1934 – Joyce Van Patten, American actress[88]
  • 1935Andrew Viterbi, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Qualcomm Inc.[89]
  • 1936Mickey Gilley, American singer-songwriter and pianist[90]
  • 1936 – Marty Ingels, American actor and comedian (d. 2015)[91]
  • 1937Bernard Landry, Canadian lawyer, politician and Premier of Quebec (d. 2018)[92]
  • 1937 – Harry Neale, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster[93]
  • 1937 – Brian Redman, English race car driver[94]
  • 1940Raul Julia, Puerto Rican-American actor (d. 1994)[95]
  • 1941Jim Colbert, American golfer[96]
  • 1941 – Ernesto Miranda, American criminal (d. 1976)[97]
  • 1942Ion Caramitru, Romanian actor and artistic director[98]
  • 1942 – Mark Lindsay, American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer[99]
  • 1943Bobby Fischer, American chess player and author (d. 2008)[100]
  • 1944Lee Irvine, South African cricketer[101]
  • 1945Robert Calvert, English singer-songwriter and playwright (d. 1988)[102]
  • 1945 – Robin Trower, English rock guitarist and vocalist[103]
  • 1946Alexandra Bastedo, English actress (d. 2014)[104]
  • 1946 – Warren Skaaren, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1990)[105]
  • 1946 – Bernd Hölzenbein, German footballer and scout[106]
  • 1947Keri Hulme, New Zealand author and poet[107]
  • 1948Emma Bonino, Italian politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs[108]
  • 1948 – Eric Fischl, American painter and sculptor[109]
  • 1948 – Jeffrey Osborne, American singer and drummer [110]
  • 1949Neil Hamilton, Welsh lawyer and politician[111]
  • 1950Doug Ault, American baseball player and manager (d. 2004)[112]
  • 1950 – Andy North, American golfer[113]
  • 1950 – Howard Shelley, English pianist and conductor[114]
  • 1951Helen Zille, South African journalist, politician and Premier of the Western Cape[115]
  • 1952Bill Beaumont, English rugby player and manager[116]
  • 1954Carlos Ghosn, Brazilian-Lebanese-French business executive[117]
  • 1954 – Bobby Sands, PIRA volunteer; Irish republican politician (d. 1981)[118]
  • 1954 – Jock Taylor, Scottish motorcycle racer (d. 1982)[119]
  • 1955Teo Fabi, Italian race car driver[120]
  • 1955 – Józef Pinior, Polish academic and politician[121]
  • 1956Mark Dantonio, American football player and coach[122]
  • 1956 – Shashi Tharoor, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs[123]
  • 1956 – David Willetts, English academic and politician[124]
  • 1958Paul MacLean, Canadian ice hockey player and coach[125]
  • 1959Takaaki Kajita, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate[126]
  • 1959 – Lonny Price, American actor, director, and screenwriter[127]
  • 1960Linda Fiorentino, American actress[128]
  • 1961Rick Steiner, American wrestler[129]
  • 1961 – Darrell Walker, American basketball player and coach[130]
  • 1963Terry Mulholland, American baseball player[131]
  • 1963 – Jean-Marc Vallée, Canadian director and screenwriter[132]
  • 1964Juliette Binoche, French actress[133]
  • 1964 – Phil Housley, American ice hockey player and coach[134]
  • 1965Brian Bosworth, American football player and actor[135]
  • 1965 – Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican-American baseball player[136]
  • 1966Brendan Canty, American drummer and songwriter[137]
  • 1966 – Tony Lockett, Australian footballer[138]
  • 1968Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer[139]
  • 1969Kimberly Guilfoyle, American lawyer and journalist[140]
  • 1970Naveen Jindal, Indian businessman and politician[141]
  • 1970 – Martin Johnson, English rugby player and coach[142]
  • 1971Emmanuel Lewis, American actor[143]
  • 1972Jodey Arrington, United States politician[144]
  • 1973Liam Griffin, English race car driver[145]
  • 1975Juan Sebastián Verón, Argentinian footballer[146]
  • 1977Radek Dvořák, Czech ice hockey player[147]
  • 1979Oscar Isaac, Guatemalan-American actor[148]
  • 1981Antonio Bryant, American football player[149]
  • 1981 – Clay Rapada, American baseball player[150]
  • 1982Ryan Bayley, Australian cyclist[151]
  • 1982 – Matt Bowen, Australian rugby league player[152]
  • 1982 – Mirjana Lučić-Baroni, Croatian tennis player[153]
  • 1983Wayne Simien, American basketball player[154]
  • 1983 – Clint Dempsey, American international soccer player, forward[155]
  • 1984Abdoulay Konko, French footballer[156]
  • 1984 – Julia Mancuso, American skier[157]
  • 1985Brent Burns, Canadian ice hockey player[158]
  • 1985 – Jesse Litsch, American baseball player[159]
  • 1985 – Pastor Maldonado, Venezuelan race car driver[160]
  • 1985 – Parthiv Patel, Indian cricketer[161]
  • 1986Colin Greening, Canadian ice hockey player[162]
  • 1986 – Brittany Snow, American actress and producer[163]
  • 1989Taeyeon, South Korean artist, member of Girls' Generation[164]
  • 1990Daley Blind, Dutch footballer[165]
  • 1990 – Matt Robinson, New Zealand rugby league player[166]
  • 1990 – YG (rapper), American rapper[167]
  • 1991Jooyoung, Korean singer-songwriter[168]
  • 1993Suga, South Korean artist (BTS)[169]
  • 1994Morgan Rielly, Canadian ice hockey player[170]

Deaths

  • 886Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi, Muslim scholar and astrologer (b. 787)[171]
  • 1202Sverre of Norway[172]
  • 1440Frances of Rome, Italian nun and saint (b. 1384)[173]
  • 1444Leonardo Bruni, Italian humanist (b. c.1370)[174]
  • 1463Catherine of Bologna, Italian nun and saint (d. 1463)[175]
  • 1566David Rizzio, Italian-Scottish courtier and politician (b. 1533).[176]
  • 1649James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish soldier and politician, (b. 1606)[177]
  • 1649 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier and politician (b. 1590)[178]
  • 1661Cardinal Mazarin, Italian-French academic and politician, Prime Minister of France (b. 1602)[179]
  • 1709Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English courtier and politician (b. 1638)[180]
  • 1808Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (b. 1739)[181]
  • 1810Ozias Humphry, English painter and academic (b. 1742)[182]
  • 1825Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English poet, author, and critic (b. 1743)[183]
  • 1831Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger, German author and playwright (b. 1752)[184]
  • 1847Mary Anning, English paleontologist (b. 1799)[185]
  • 1851Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (b. 1777)[186]
  • 1888William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)[187]
  • 1895Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian journalist and author (b. 1836)[188]
  • 1897Sondre Norheim, Norwegian-American skier (b. 1825)[189]
  • 1918Frank Wedekind, German author and playwright (b. 1864)[190]
  • 1925Willard Metcalf, American painter and academic (b. 1858)[191]
  • 1926Mikao Usui, Japanese spiritual leader, founded Reiki (b. 1865)[192]
  • 1937Paul Elmer More, American journalist and critic (b. 1864)[193]
  • 1943Otto Freundlich, German painter and sculptor (b. 1878)[194]
  • 1954Vagn Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer and academic (b. 1874)[195]
  • 1955Miroslava, Czech-Mexican actress (b. 1925)[196]
  • 1964Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)[197]
  • 1969Abdul Munim Riad, Egyptian general (b. 1919)[198]
  • 1971Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria (b. 1902)[199]
  • 1974Earl Wilbur Sutherland, Jr., American pharmacologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)[200]
  • 1974 – Harry Womack, American singer (b. 1945)[201]
  • 1983Faye Emerson, American actress (b. 1917)[202]
  • 1983 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)[203]
  • 1988Kurt Georg Kiesinger, German lawyer, politician and Chancellor of Germany (b. 1904)[204]
  • 1989Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (b. 1946)[205]
  • 1991Jim Hardin, American baseball player (b. 1943)[206]
  • 1992Menachem Begin, Belarusian-Israeli soldier, politician and Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)[207]
  • 1993C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian and author (b. 1909)[208]
  • 1994Charles Bukowski, American poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1920)[209]
  • 1994 – Eddie Creatchman, Canadian wrestler, referee, and manager (b. 1928)[210]
  • 1994 – Fernando Rey, Spanish actor (b. 1917)[211]
  • 1997Jean-Dominique Bauby, French journalist and author (b. 1952)[212]
  • 1997 – Terry Nation, Welsh author and screenwriter (b. 1930)[213]
  • 1997 – The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper, songwriter, and actor (b. 1972)[214]
  • 1999Harry Somers, Canadian pianist and composer (b. 1925)[215]
  • 2000Jean Coulthard, Canadian composer and educator (b. 1908)[216]
  • 2003Stan Brakhage, American director and cinematographer (b. 1933)[217]
  • 2003 – Bernard Dowiyogo, Nauruan politician, President of Nauru (b. 1946)[218]
  • 2006Tom Fox, American activist (b. 1951)[219]
  • 2006 – John Profumo, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for War (b. 1915)[220]
  • 2007Brad Delp, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1951)[221]
  • 2007 – Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)[222]
  • 2010Willie Davis, American baseball player and manager (b. 1940)[223]
  • 2010 – Doris Haddock, American activist and politician (b. 1910)[224]
  • 2011David S. Broder, American journalist and academic (b. 1929)[225]
  • 2013Max Jakobson, Finnish journalist and diplomat[226]
  • 2013 – Merton Simpson, American painter and art collector (b. 1928)[227]
  • 2015James Molyneaux, Baron Molyneaux of Killead, Northern Irish soldier and politician (b. 1920)[228]
  • 2016Robert Horton, American actor (b. 1924)[229]
  • 2016 – Clyde Lovellette, American basketball player and coach (b. 1929)[230]
  • 2017Howard Hodgkin, British painter (b. 1932)[231]
  • 2018Jo Min-ki, Korean actor (b. 1965)[232]
  • 2020John Bathersby, Australian Catholic bishop (b. 1936)[233]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Catherine of Bologna[234]
    • Forty Martyrs of Sebaste[235]
    • Frances of Rome[236]
    • Pacian[237]
    • Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria (Coptic Orthodox Church)[238]
    • Gregory of Nyssa (Episcopal Church (United States))[239]
    • March 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Teachers' Day or Eid Al Moalim (Lebanon)[240]

References

  1. "Wudi | emperor of Han dynasty". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  2. Janonienė, Rūta; Račiūnaitė, Tojana; Iršėnas, Marius; Butrimas, Adomas (2015). The Lithuanian Millenium: History, Art and Culture. VDA leidykla. p. 37. ISBN 978-609-447-097-4.
  3. Richards, D. S. (2010). The chronicle of Ibn al-Athīr for the crusading period from al-Kāmil fīʼl-taʼrīkh. Ashgate Publishing. p. 269. ISBN 9780754669524. On 8 Rabīʼ I of this year [9 March 1226] Jalāl al-Dīn, son of Khwārazm Shāh, conquered the city of Tiflis from the Georgians.
  4. Herrin, Judith; Saint-Guillain, Guillaume (2016). Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204. Routledge. p. 132. ISBN 978-1-317-11913-5.
  5. "Pedro Alvares Cabral | Biography, Voyage, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  6. Matthee 2006b.
  7. Armstrong, Ken (13 March 2015). "Broken on the Wheel". The Paris Review. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  8. Goff, Frederick R. (1947). "Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations"". Quarterly Journal of Current Acquisitions. 4 (2): 11–13. JSTOR 29780456.
  9. "Eugène de Beauharnais | French soldier and viceroy". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  10. Clodfelter, Micheal (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015, 4th ed. McFarland. p. 313. ISBN 978-0-7864-7470-7.
  11. Philosophical Magazine. Taylor & Francis. 1815. pp. 261–264.
  12. Gold, Susan Dudley (2006). United States V. Amistad: Slave Ship Mutiny. Marshall Cavendish. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-7614-2143-6.
  13. Bagnoli, Giorgio (1993). The La Scala Encyclopedia of the Opera. Simon and Schuster. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-671-87042-3.
  14. Project, Federal Writers' (2013). California in the 1930s: The WPA Guide to the Golden State. University of California Press. p. 395. ISBN 978-0-520-27540-9.
  15. "California Gold Rush | Definition & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  16. Tucker, Spencer; Arnold, James R.; Wiener, Roberta; Pierpaoli (Jr.), Paul G.; Cutrer, Thomas W.; Santoni, Pedro (2013). The Encyclopedia of the Mexican-American War: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 704. ISBN 978-1-85109-853-8.
  17. "Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack | Summary & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  18. "FC Internazionale Milano football club history". www.footballhistory.org. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  19. "Battle of Columbus | Summary". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  20. "The Law That Started the New Deal". Time. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  21. Tucker, Spencer (2012). World War II at Sea: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 404. ISBN 978-1-59884-457-3.
  22. Weiss-Wendt, Anton (2017). On the Margins: About the History of Jews in Estonia. Central European University Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-963-386-165-3.
  23. Smith, Ralph B. (1978). "The Japanese Period in Indochina and the Coup of 9 March 1945". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 9 (2): 268–301. doi:10.1017/S0022463400009784. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  24. "Football ground disaster marked". BBC News. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  25. Wershba, Joseph (4 March 1979). "MURROW vs.McCARTHY: SEE IT NOW". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  26. Blauvelt, Timothy (2009). "Status Shift and Ethnic Mobilisation in the March 1956 Events in Georgia". Europe-Asia Studies. 61 (4): 651–668. doi:10.1080/09668130902826246. JSTOR 27752275. S2CID 143643970.
  27. "Tsunami Historical Series: Aleutian Islands - 1957 Dataset | Science On a Sphere". sos.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  28. "The Barbie Doll's Not-for-Kids Origins". Time. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  29. Blagg, Christopher R. (May 2011). "The 50th anniversary of long-term hemodialysis: University of Washington Hospital, March 9th, 1960". Journal of Nephrology. 24 Suppl 17: S84–88. doi:10.5301/JN.2011.6476. PMID 21614785.
  30. Angelo, Joseph A. (2014). Human Spaceflight. Infobase Publishing. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-4381-0891-9.
  31. Sanctis, Matt. "Deadly Champaign County plane crash changed families, safety rules". springfieldnewssun. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  32. Harland, David M. (2001). The Earth in Context: A Guide to the Solar System. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 415. ISBN 978-1-85233-375-1.
  33. "1976: Scores die in cable car tragedy". BBC News. 9 March 1976. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  34. "B'nai B'rith Hostages Pinpoint Times of Hanafi Siege Events". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  35. Davidson, Jamie S. (2015). Indonesia's Changing Political Economy. Cambridge University Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-107-08688-3.
  36. "Comet Hale-Bopp and the Total Solar Eclipse of 1997". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  37. Siceloff, Steven (10 March 2015). "Discovery Makes Last Mission a Flight to Remember". NASA. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  38. Wonning, Paul R. Colonial American History Stories - 1215 - 1664: Forgotten and Famous Historical Events. Mossy Feet Books. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-370-19406-3.
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Sources

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