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  2021 (Sunday)
  2020 (Saturday)
  2019 (Thursday)
  2018 (Wednesday)
  2017 (Tuesday)
  2016 (Monday)
  2015 (Saturday)
  2014 (Friday)
  2013 (Thursday)
  2012 (Wednesday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".March 7 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 299 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 161Marcus Aurelius and L. Commodus (who changes his name to Lucius Verus) become joint emperors of Rome on the death of Antoninus Pius.[1]
  • 1277 – The University of Paris issues the last in a series of condemnations of various philosophical and theological theses.
  • 1573 – A peace treaty is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice, ending the Ottoman–Venetian War and leaving Cyprus in Ottoman hands.
  • 1799Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1814 – Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1827Brazilian marines unsuccessfully attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.
  • 1827 – Shrigley abduction: Ellen Turner is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1850Senator Daniel Webster gives his "Seventh of March" speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.
  • 1862American Civil War: Union forces engage Confederate troops at the Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1876Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the "telephone".
  • 1900 – The German liner Template:SS becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.
  • 1902Second Boer War: Boers, led by Koos de la Rey, inflict the biggest defeat upon the British since the beginning of the war, at Tweebosch.
  • 1914Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign as King.
  • 1936 – Prelude to World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1941Günther Prien and the crew of German submarine U-47, one of the most successful U-boats of World War II, disappear without a trace.[2]
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine river at Remagen.
  • 1950Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1951Korean War: Operation Ripper: United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1951 – Iranian prime minister Ali Razmara is assassinated by Khalil Tahmasebi, a member of the Islamic fundamentalist Fada'iyan-e Islam, inside a mosque in Tehran.
  • 1965Bloody Sunday: A group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.
  • 1967 – The Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Sementara (MPRS), Indonesia's provisional parliament, revoked Sukarno's mandate as President of Indonesia.
  • 1968Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnamese military begin Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding Mỹ Tho.
  • 1971Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, political leader of then East Pakistan (present day-Bangladesh), delivers his historic 7th March speech in the Racecourse Field (Now Suhrawardy Udyan) in Dhaka.
  • 1986Challenger Disaster: Divers from the Template:Ship locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor.
  • 1987Lieyu massacre: Taiwanese military massacre of 19 unarmed Vietnamese refugees at Donggang, Lieyu, Kinmen.
  • 1989Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a fight over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses.
  • 1993 – The tugboat Thomas Hebert sank off the coast of New Jersey, USA.
  • 2006 – The terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba coordinates a series of bombings in Varanasi, India.
  • 2007 – The British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.
  • 2009 – The Real Irish Republican Army kills two British soldiers and injures two other soldiers and two civilians at Massereene Barracks, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since the end of The Troubles.

Births

  • 189Publius Septimius Geta, Roman emperor (d. 211)[3]
  • 942Mu'ayyad al-Dawla, Buyid emir (d. 983)
  • 1437Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg (d. 1512)
  • 1481Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)
  • 1482Fray Thomas de San Martín, Roman Catholic prelate and bishop (d. 1555)
  • 1543John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern, German prince and reigning count palatine of Simmern (d. 1592)
  • 1556Guillaume du Vair, French lawyer and author (d. 1621)[4]
  • 1671Rob Roy MacGregor, Scottish outlaw (d. 1734)[5]
  • 1678Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect, designed the Basilica of Superga (d. 1736)
  • 1693Clement XIII, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1769)
  • 1715Ewald Christian von Kleist, German soldier and poet (d. 1759)
  • 1723Prince Vittorio Amedeo Theodore of Savoy (d. 1725)
  • 1730Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, French soldier and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1807)
  • 1765Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor, invented photography (d. 1833)
  • 1785Alessandro Manzoni, Italian author and poet (d. 1873)
  • 1788Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist and biochemist (d. 1878)
  • 1792John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)
  • 1811Increase A. Lapham, American botanist and author (d. 1875)
  • 1837Henry Draper, American physician and astronomer (d. 1882)
  • 1839Ludwig Mond, German-born chemist and British industrialist who discovered the metal carbonyls (d. 1909)
  • 1841William Rockhill Nelson, American businessman and publisher, founded The Kansas City Star (d. 1915)
  • 1843Marriott Henry Brosius, American senator (d. 1901)
  • 1849Luther Burbank, American botanist and author (d. 1926)
  • 1850Champ Clark, American lawyer and politician, 41st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1921)
  • 1850 – Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, Austrian-Czech sociologist and politician, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)
  • 1857Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1872Piet Mondrian, Dutch-American painter (d. 1944)
  • 1873Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)
  • 1875Maurice Ravel, French pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1937)
  • 1878Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter and stage designer (d. 1927)
  • 1885Milton Avery, American painter (d. 1965)
  • 1885 – John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey, English admiral (d. 1971)
  • 1886Virginia Pearson, American actress (d. 1958)
  • 1886 – G. I. Taylor, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1975)
  • 1886 – Wilson Dallam Wallis, American anthropologist (d. 1970)
  • 1888William L. Laurence, Lithuanian-American journalist and author (d. 1977)
  • 1888 – Alidius Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1978)
  • 1894Ana María O'Neill, Puerto Rican scholar and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1895Dorothy de Rothschild, English philanthropist and activist (d. 1988)
  • 1902Heinz Rühmann, German actor (d. 1994)
  • 1903Maud Lewis, Canadian folk artist (d. 1970)
  • 1904Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich, German SS officer (d. 1942)
  • 1908Anna Magnani, Italian actress (d. 1973)
  • 1910Will Glickman, American playwright (d. 1983)
  • 1911Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Indian modern poet, journalist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – Stefan Kisielewski, Polish libertarian writer and politician (d. 1991)
  • 1912Adile Ayda, Turkish engineer and diplomat (d. 1992)
  • 1913Dollard Ménard, Canadian general (d. 1997)
  • 1915Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French general and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2000)
  • 1917Janet Collins, American ballerina and choreographer (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Betty Holberton, American engineer and programmer (d. 2001)
  • 1922Olga Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Peter Murphy, English footballer, inside left (d. 1975)[6]
  • 1922 – Andy Phillip, American basketball player and coach (d. 2001)[7]
  • 1924Morton Bard, American psychologist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Bill Boedeker, American football player (d. 2014)
  • 1925Rene Gagnon, American soldier (d. 1979)
  • 1925 – Richard Vernon, British actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927James Broderick, American actor and director (d. 1982)
  • 1929Dan Jacobson, South African-English author and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1930Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, English photographer and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Robert Trotter, Scottish actor and photographer (d. 2013)
  • 1933Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and accountant (d. 1998)
  • 1933 – Ed Bouchee, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1934Willard Scott, American television personality and actor
  • 1936Florentino Fernández, Cuban-American boxer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Georges Perec, French author and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1938David Baltimore, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie, American professional race car driver, first woman to qualify and compete in both the Indianapolis 500 and the Daytona 500 [8][9]
  • 1939Danyel Gérard, French singer-songwriter
  • 1940Daniel J. Travanti, American actor
  • 1941Piers Paul Read, English historian and author
  • 1942Michael Eisner, American businessman
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Messner, American evangelist, television personality, and talk show host (d. 2007)
  • 1943Chris White, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1944Ranulph Fiennes, English soldier and explorer
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1945Bob Herbert, American journalist
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Elizabeth Moon, American lieutenant and author
  • 1946John Heard, American actor and producer (d. 2017)[10]
  • 1947Helen Eadie, Scottish politician (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl, German race car driver
  • 1949Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Health and Family Welfare
  • 1950Billy Joe DuPree, American football player
  • 1950 – Franco Harris, American football player and businessman
  • 1950 – J. R. Richard, American baseball player and minister
  • 1952William Boyd, Ghanaian-English author and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1952 – Viv Richards, Antiguan cricketer and footballer
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann, American football player, sportscaster, and politician
  • 1954Eva Brunne, Swedish bishop
  • 1955Tommy Kramer, American football player
  • 1956Bryan Cranston, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1956 – Andrea Levy, English author (d. 2019)
  • 1957Robert Harris, English journalist and author
  • 1957 – Mark Richards, Australian surfer
  • 1957 – Tomás Yarrington, Mexican economist and politician, Governor of Tamaulipas
  • 1958Rick Bass, American author and environmentalist
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1958 – Merv Neagle, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1959Tom Lehman, American golfer
  • 1959 – Donna Murphy, American actress and singer
  • 1960Joe Carter, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player and coach
  • 1960 – Jim Spivey, American runner and coach
  • 1961David Rutley, English businessman and politician
  • 1961 – Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, French politician
  • 1962Taylor Dayne, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1963Mike Eagles, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963 – E. L. James, English author
  • 1964Bret Easton Ellis, American author and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes, American comedian, actress, and screenwriter
  • 1965Steve Beuerlein, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer
  • 1966Terry Carkner, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1966 – Tony Daly, Australian rugby player
  • 1967Muhsin al-Ramli, Iraqi author, poet, translator, and academic
  • 1967 – Ruthie Henshall, English actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1967 – Ai Yazawa, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1968Jeff Kent, American baseball player
  • 1969Massimo Lotti, Italian footballer
  • 1969 – Hideki Noda, Japanese race car driver
  • 1970Rachel Weisz, English-American actress and producer
  • 1971Peter Sarsgaard, American actor
  • 1971 – Matthew Vaughn, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972Craig Polla-Mounter, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973Jason Bright, Australian race car driver
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard, French tenor and producer
  • 1973 – Işın Karaca, English-Turkish singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1974Jenna Fischer, American actress
  • 1974 – Facundo Sava, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1977Ronan O'Gara, Irish rugby player and coach
  • 1977 – Paul Cattermole, British singer and actor
  • 1978Jaqueline Jesus, Brazilian psychologist and activist
  • 1979Rodrigo Braña, Argentinian footballer
  • 1979 – Amanda Somerville, American singer-songwriter
  • 1980Murat Boz, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Eric Godard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Laura Prepon, American actress
  • 1981Brent Kite, Australian rugby league player[11]
  • 1983Manucho, Angolan footballer
  • 1983 – Sebastián Viera, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1984Mathieu Flamini, French footballer
  • 1984 – Lindsay McCaul, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985Andre Fluellen, American football player
  • 1985 – Cameron Prosser, Australian swimmer
  • 1985 – Gerwyn Price, Welsh darts player
  • 1986Ben Griffin, Australian footballer
  • 1987Hatem Ben Arfa, French footballer
  • 1987 – Niclas Bergfors, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1988Larry Asante, American football player
  • 1991Michele Rigione, Italian footballer
  • 1994Chase Kalisz, American swimmer[12]
  • 1994 – Jordan Pickford, English footballer
  • 1995Jerome Binnom-Williams, English footballer
  • 1995 – Aboubakar Kamara, French footballer, forward[13]
  • 1996Liam Donnelly, Northern Irish footballer

Deaths

  • 161Antoninus Pius, Roman emperor (b. 86)
  • 413Heraclianus, Roman politician and failed usurper
  • 851Nominoe, King (or duke) of Brittany
  • 974John of Gorze, Frankish abbot and diplomat
  • 1226William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English commander (b. 1176)
  • 1274Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian priest and philosopher (b. 1225)
  • 1393Bogislaw VI, Duke of Pomerania (b.c. 1350)
  • 1407Francesco I Gonzaga, ruler of Mantua
  • 1517Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (b. 1482)
  • 1550William IV, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1493)
  • 1578Margaret Douglas, English daughter of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus (b. 1515)
  • 1625Johann Bayer, German lawyer and cartographer (b. 1572)
  • 1724Pope Innocent XIII (b. 1655)
  • 1767Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, Canadian politician, 2nd Colonial Governor of Louisiana (b. 1680)
  • 1778Charles De Geer, Swedish entomologist and archaeologist (b. 1720)
  • 1809Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight (b. 1753)
  • 1810Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, English admiral (b. 1750)
  • 1838Robert Townsend, American spy (b. 1753)
  • 1897Harriet Ann Jacobs, African American Abolitionist and author (b. 1813)[14]
  • 1904Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist and petrologist (b. 1828)
  • 1913Pauline Johnson, Canadian poet and author (b. 1861)
  • 1920Jaan Poska, Estonian lawyer and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1866)
  • 1928Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist (b. 1851)
  • 1932Aristide Briand, French journalist and politician, Prime Minister of France, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1934Ernst Enno, Estonian poet and author (b. 1875)
  • 1938Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, 116th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
  • 1947Lucy Parsons, American communist anarchist labor organizer (b. c 1853)
  • 1949Bradbury Robinson, American football player, physician, and politician (b. 1884)[15]
  • 1952Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru and philosopher (b. 1893)
  • 1954Otto Diels, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1957Wyndham Lewis, English painter and critic (b. 1882)
  • 1961Govind Ballabh Pant, Indian lawyer and politician, 2nd Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (b. 1887)
  • 1967Alice B. Toklas, American writer (b. 1877)
  • 1971Richard Montague, American mathematician and philosopher (b. 1930)
  • 1973Lalo Ríos, Mexican actor (b. 1927)[16]
  • 1975Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher and critic (b. 1895)
  • 1976Wright Patman, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (b. 1893)
  • 1981Kirill Kondrashin, Russian conductor (b. 1914)
  • 1982Ida Barney, American astronomer, mathematician, and academic (b. 1886)
  • 1983Igor Markevitch, Ukrainian conductor and composer (b. 1912)
  • 1986Jacob K. Javits, American colonel and politician, 58th New York State Attorney General (b. 1904)
  • 1988Divine, American drag queen and film actor (b. 1945)
  • 1991Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1993Tony Harris, South African cricketer (b. 1916)
  • 1993 – J. Merrill Knapp, American musicologist (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Martti Larni, Finnish writer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Carlo Mazzarella, Italian actor and journalist (b. 1919)
  • 1993 – Angelo Piccaluga, Italian footballer (b. 1906)
  • 1993 – Eleanor Sanger, American television producer (b. 1929)[17]
  • 1993 – Josef Steindl, Austrian economist (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Frank Wells, Australian rules footballer (b. 1909)
  • 1997Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1999Sidney Gottlieb, American chemist and theorist (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2000Pee Wee King, American singer-songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2001Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 2004Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2005John Box, English production designer and art director (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Debra Hill, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2006Gordon Parks, American photographer, director, and composer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré, Malian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1939)
  • 2007Ronnie Wells, American singer and educator (b. 1943)
  • 2012Ravi, Indian director and composer (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Włodzimierz Smolarek, Polish footballer and manager (b. 1957)
  • 2013Peter Banks, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Sybil Christopher, Welsh actress (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Damiano Damiani, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Frederick B. Karl, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Claude King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)
  • 2014Anatoly Borisovich Kuznetsov, Russian actor and director (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Ned O'Gorman, American poet and educator (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Victor Shem-Tov, Israeli lawyer and politician, 8th Israeli Minister of Health (b. 1915)
  • 2015G. Karthikeyan, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – F. Ray Keyser, Jr., American lawyer and politician, 72nd Governor of Vermont (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1935)
  • 2016Adrian Hardiman, Irish lawyer and judge (b. 1951)
  • 2017Lynne Stewart, American attorney and activist (b. 1939)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed José Olallo
    • Blessed Leonid Feodorov (Russian Greek Catholic Church)
    • Perpetua and Felicity
    • Pierre-Henri Dorie, Siméon-François Berneux (part of The Korean Martyrs)
    • March 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Liberation of Sulaymaniyah (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Teacher's Day (Albania)

References

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  16. Frank Javier Garcia Berumen. Brown Celluloid: Latino/A Film Icons and Images in the Hollywood. Volume 1, 2003. Page 355.
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External links

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