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Events

  • AD 37Roman emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, bestowed on him by the Senate.
  • 193 – After assassinating the Roman Emperor Pertinax, his Praetorian Guards auction off the throne to Didius Julianus.[1]
  • 364 – Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.
  • 1566 – The foundation stone of Valletta, Malta's capital city, is laid by Jean Parisot de Valette, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
  • 1737 – The Marathas under Baji Rao I attack and defeat the Mughals in the Battle of Delhi.
  • 1776Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
  • 1794 – Allies under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
  • 1795Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, a northern fief of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1801Treaty of Florence is signed, ending the war between the French Republic and the Kingdom of Naples.[2]
  • 1802Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid ever to be discovered.
  • 1809Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medellín.
  • 1814War of 1812: In the Battle of Valparaíso, two American naval vessels are captured by two Royal Navy vessels of equal strength.
  • 1842 – First concert of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Otto Nicolai.
  • 1854Crimean War: France and Britain declare war on Russia.
  • 1860First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins.
  • 1862American Civil War: In the Battle of Glorieta Pass, Union forces stop the Confederate invasion of the New Mexico Territory. The battle began on March 26.
  • 1871 – The Paris Commune is formally established in Paris.
  • 1883Tonkin Campaign: French victory in the Battle of Gia Cuc.
  • 1910Henri Fabre becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.
  • 1920Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • 1933 – The Imperial Airways biplane City of Liverpool is believed to be the first airliner lost to sabotage when a passenger sets a fire on board.
  • 1939Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid after a three-year siege.
  • 1941World War II: Britain's Mediterranean Fleet sinks three heavy cruisers and two destroyers of Italy's Regia Marina.
  • 1942 – World War II: A British combined force permanently disables the Louis Joubert Lock in Saint-Nazaire in order to keep the German battleship Tirpitz away from the mid-ocean convoy lanes.
  • 1946Cold War: The United States Department of State releases the Acheson–Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • 1951First Indochina War: In the Battle of Mạo Khê, French Union forces, led by World War II hero Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, inflict a defeat on Việt Minh forces commanded by General Võ Nguyên Giáp.
  • 1959 – The State Council of the People's Republic of China dissolves the government of Tibet.
  • 1968 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is killed by military police at a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students.
  • 1969 – Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis makes a famous statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
  • 1970 – An earthquake strikes western Turkey at about 23:05 local time, killing 1,086 and injuring 1,260.
  • 1978 – The US Supreme Court hands down 5–3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.
  • 1979 – A coolant leak at the Three Mile Island's Unit 2 nuclear reactor outside Harrisburg, Pennsylvania leads to the core overheating and a partial meltdown.
  • 1979 – The British House of Commons passes a vote of no confidence against James Callaghan's government by 1 vote, precipitating a general election.
  • 1990 – United States President George H. W. Bush posthumously awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
  • 1994 – In South Africa, African National Congress security guards kill dozens of Inkatha Freedom Party protesters.
  • 1999Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces kill 146 Kosovo Albanians in Izbica.
  • 2003 – In a friendly fire incident, two American A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing one soldier.
  • 2005 – An earthquake shakes northern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong), leaving 915–1,314 people dead and 340–1,146 injured.
  • 2006 – Massive protests are mounted against France's First Employment Contract law, meant to reduce youth unemployment.

Births

  • 931Liu Chengyou, emperor of Later Han (d. 951)
  • 1097Atsiz, Abbasid caliph (d. 1156)
  • 1416Jodha of Mandore, Ruler of Marwar (d. 1489)
  • 1468Charles I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1490)
  • 1472Fra Bartolomeo, Italian painter (d. 1517)
  • 1483Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)
  • 1515Teresa of Ávila, Spanish nun and saint (d. 1582)
  • 1522Albert the Warlike, German prince (d. 1557)
  • 1527Isabella Markham, English courtier (d. 1579)
  • 1591William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English earl (d. 1668)
  • 1592John Amos Comenius, Czech bishop and educator (d. 1670)
  • 1599Witte de With, Dutch captain (d. 1658)
  • 1613Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang of China (d. 1688)
  • 1621Heinrich Schwemmer, German composer and educator (d. 1696)
  • 1638Frederik Ruysch, Dutch botanist and anatomist (d. 1731)
  • 1652Samuel Sewall, English judge (d. 1730)
  • 1725Andrew Kippis, English minister and author (d. 1795)
  • 1727Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, (d. 1777)
  • 1743Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova, Russian academic and politician (d. 1810)
  • 1750Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan general and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 1816)
  • 1760Thomas Clarkson, English activist (d. 1846)
  • 1773Henri Gatien Bertrand, French general (d. 1844)
  • 1793Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer, geologist, and ethnologist (d. 1864)
  • 1795Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian and author (d. 1876)
  • 1806Thomas Hare, English lawyer and political scientist (d. 1891)
  • 1811John Neumann, Czech-American bishop and saint (d. 1860)
  • 1815Arsène Houssaye, French author and poet (d. 1896)
  • 1818Wade Hampton III, American general and politician, 77th Governor of South Carolina (d. 1902)
  • 1819Joseph Bazalgette, English architect and engineer, designed the Hammersmith Bridge and Battersea Bridge (d. 1891)
  • 1828Melchior Anderegg, Swiss mountain guide (d. 1914)
  • 1832Henry D. Washburn, American politician, general and explorer (d. 1871)
  • 1836Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer, founded the Pabst Brewing Company (d. 1904)
  • 1840Emin Pasha, German-Jewish Egyptian physician and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1847Gyula Farkas, Hungarian mathematician and physicist (d. 1930)
  • 1849James Darmesteter, French historian and author (d. 1894)
  • 1850Kyrle Bellew, English theatre actor (d. 1911)
  • 1851Bernardino Machado, Portuguese academic and politician, 3rd President of Portugal (d. 1944)
  • 1862Aristide Briand, French politician, Prime Minister of France, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)
  • 1866Jimmy Ross, Scottish footballer (d. 1902)
  • 1868Maxim Gorky, Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 1936)
  • 1871Willem Mengelberg, Dutch-Swiss conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1873John Geiger, American rower (d. 1956)
  • 1878Abraham Walkowitz, Russian-American painter (d. 1965)
  • 1879Terence MacSwiney, Irish republican politician and hunger striker; Lord Mayor of Cork (d. 1920)
  • 1881Martin Sheridan, Irish-American discus thrower and jumper (d. 1918)
  • 1884Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet and playwright (d. 1951)
  • 1886Gustave Mesny, French general (d. 1945)
  • 1890Paul Whiteman, American violinist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1967)[3]
  • 1892Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1892 – Tom Maguire, Irish general (d. 1993)
  • 1893Spyros Skouras, Greek-American businessman (d. 1971)
  • 1894Ernst Lindemann, German captain (d. 1941)
  • 1895Ángela Ruiz Robles, Spanish teacher, writer and inventor, pioneer of the electronic book (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Christian Herter, American politician, 53rd United States Secretary of State (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Donald Grey Barnhouse, American pastor and theologian (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Spencer W. Kimball, American religious leader, 12th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1985)
  • 1897Sepp Herberger, German footballer and manager (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Tillie Voss, American football player (d. 1975)
  • 1899Gussie Busch, American businessman (d. 1989)
  • 1899 – Harold B. Lee, American religious leader, 11th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Buck Shaw, American football player and coach (d. 1977)
  • 1900Edward Wagenknecht, American critic and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1902Flora Robson, English actress (d. 1984)
  • 1902 – Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech fiddler and composer (d. 1988)
  • 1903Rudolf Serkin, Czech-American pianist and educator (d. 1991)[4]
  • 1904Isabel Cuchí Coll, Puerto Rican author and journalist (d. 1993)
  • 1905Pandro S. Berman, American production manager and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1905 – Marlin Perkins, American zoologist and television host (d. 1986)
  • 1906Murray Adaskin, Canadian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 2002)
  • 1906 – Robert Allen, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Dorothy Knowles, South African-English author, fencer and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1907Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Norrey Ford, English author (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – Irving Paul Lazar, American lawyer and talent agent (d. 1993)
  • 1909Nelson Algren, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1981)
  • 1910Frederick Baldwin Adams, Jr., American librarian and art collector (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Jimmie Dodd, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1910 – Ingrid of Sweden, (d. 2000)
  • 1911Consalvo Sanesi, Italian race car driver (d. 1998)
  • 1912A. Bertram Chandler, English-Australian author (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Marina Raskova, Russian pilot and navigator (d. 1943)
  • 1913Kazuo Taoka, Japanese crime boss (d. 1981)
  • 1913 – Toko Shinoda, Japanese artist
  • 1914Edward Anhalt, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Bohumil Hrabal, Czech author (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Kenneth Richard Norris, Australian entomologist and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Edmund Muskie, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 58th United States Secretary of State (d. 1996)[5]
  • 1914 – Everett Ruess, American explorer, poet, and painter (d. 1934)
  • 1915Jay Livingston, American singer-songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1917Claude Bertrand, Canadian neurosurgeon and scholar (d. 2014)
  • 1918Edward Amy, Canadian soldier (d. 2011)
  • 1919Jacob Avshalomov, American composer and conductor (d. 2013)
  • 1919 – Tom Brooks, Australian cricket umpire (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Eileen Crofton, British physician and author (d. 2010)[6]
  • 1919 – Vic Raschi, American baseball player and coach (d. 1988)
  • 1921Harold Agnew, American physicist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Dirk Bogarde, English actor and author (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Herschel Grynszpan, German assassin of Ernst vom Rath (d. 1960)
  • 1921 – Walter Neugebauer, Croatian-German author and illustrator (d. 1992)
  • 1922Neville Bonner, Australian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Grace Hartigan, American painter and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – Joey Maxim, American boxer and actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – B. Neminathan, Sri Lankan politician
  • 1923Paul C. Donnelly, American scientist and engineer (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Thad Jones, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1924Freddie Bartholomew, American actor (d. 1992)[7]
  • 1924 – Fred Flanagan, Australian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1925Innokenty Smoktunovsky, Russian actor (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Dorothy DeBorba, American child actress (d. 2010)
  • 1926Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Polly Umrigar, Indian cricketer (d. 2006)
  • 1927Theo Colborn, American zoologist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish journalist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Vina Mazumdar, Indian academic and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1928Zbigniew Brzezinski, Polish-American political activist and analyst; 10th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician and theorist (d. 2014)
  • 1929Paul England, Australian race car driver and engineer (d. 2014)
  • 1930Robert Ashley, American soldier and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930 – Elizabeth Bainbridge, English soprano
  • 1933Tete Montoliu, Spanish pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Frank Murkowski, American soldier, banker, and politician, 8th Governor of Alaska
  • 1934Lester R. Brown, American environmentalist, founded the Earth Policy Institute and Worldwatch Institute
  • 1934 – Laurie Taitt, Guyanese-English hurdler (d. 2006)
  • 1935Frank Judd, Baron Judd, English politician, Secretary of State for International Development
  • 1935 – Michael Parkinson, English journalist and author
  • 1935 – Józef Szmidt, Polish triple jumper
  • 1936Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, politician, journalist and essayist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938Hans-Jürgen Bäsler, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1939Dov Frohman, Israeli electrical engineer and business executive
  • 1940Tony Barber, English-Australian television host
  • 1940 – Luis Cubilla, Uruguayan footballer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1942Daniel Dennett, American philosopher and academic
  • 1942 – Kitanofuji Katsuaki, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 52nd Yokozuna
  • 1942 – Neil Kinnock, Welsh politician, Vice-President of the European Commission
  • 1942 – Mike Newell, English director and producer
  • 1942 – Samuel Ramey, American opera singer
  • 1942 – Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
  • 1942 – Jerry Sloan, American basketball player and coach
  • 1943Richard Eyre, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Conchata Ferrell, American actress
  • 1944Rick Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1944 – Ken Howard, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1945Rodrigo Duterte, Filipino politician, 16th President of the Philippines
  • 1945 – Johnny Famechon, French-Australian boxer
  • 1945 – Björn Hamilton, Swedish engineer and politician
  • 1946Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Henry Paulson, American banker and politician, 74th United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1946 – Alejandro Toledo, Peruvian economist and politician, 48th President of Peru
  • 1947Greg Thompson, Canadian educator and politician, 25th Minister of Veterans Affairs (d. 2019)
  • 1948John Evan, English keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1948 – Janice Lynde, American actress
  • 1948 – Dianne Wiest, American actress
  • 1948 – Milan Williams, American keyboard player (d. 2006)
  • 1949Ronnie Ray Smith, American sprinter (d. 2013)
  • 1952Keith Ashfield, Canadian politician (d. 2018)
  • 1952 – Tony Brise, English race car driver (d. 1975)
  • 1953Melchior Ndadaye, Burundian banker and politician, 4th President of Burundi (d. 1993)
  • 1953 – Rosemary Ashe, British actress and singer
  • 1954Donald Brown, American pianist and educator
  • 1955John Alderdice, Baron Alderdice, Northern Irish psychiatrist and politician, 1st Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly
  • 1955 – Reba McEntire, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1956Susan Ershler, American mountaineer and author
  • 1957Harvey Glance, American sprinter and coach
  • 1958Edesio Alejandro, Cuban composer
  • 1958 – Elisabeth Andreassen, Swedish-Norwegian singer
  • 1958 – Bart Conner, American gymnast and sportscaster
  • 1958 – Curt Hennig, American wrestler, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2003)
  • 1959Laura Chinchilla, Costa Rican politician, President of Costa Rica
  • 1959 – Chiaki Morosawa, Japanese anime screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1959 – Chris Myers, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1960Chris Barrie, British actor and comedian
  • 1960 – José Maria Neves, Cape Verdeian politician, Prime Minister of Cape Verde
  • 1960 – Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt, French-Belgian author and playwright
  • 1961Byron Scott, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962Jure Franko, Slovenian skier
  • 1962 – Simon Bazalgette, English businessman
  • 1963Jan Masiel, Polish politician
  • 1964Karen Lumley, English politician
  • 1966Cheryl James, American rapper and actress
  • 1967John Ziegler, German-American radio host and director
  • 1968Iris Chang, Chinese-American journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Nasser Hussain, Indian-English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1968Colin Brazier, English journalist
  • 1969Rodney Atkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Brett Ratner, American director and producer
  • 1970Vince Vaughn, American actor
  • 1970 – Jennifer Weiner, American journalist and author
  • 1971Christianne Meneses Jacobs, Nicaraguan-American journalist and educator
  • 1971 – Orfeh, American singer, songwriter and actress
  • 1972Nick Frost, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Keith Tkachuk, American ice hockey player
  • 1973Björn Kuipers, Dutch footballer and referee
  • 1975Fabrizio Gollin, Italian race car driver
  • 1975 – Kate Gosselin, American television personality
  • 1975 – Iván Helguera, Spanish footballer
  • 1975 – Shanna Moakler, American model
  • 1976Dave Keuning, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977Lauren Weisberger, American author
  • 1978Nathan Cayless, Australian-New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1979Shakib Khan, Bangladeshi film actor, producer, singer and media personality[8]
  • 1980Cho Seung-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1980 – David Lee, English footballer
  • 1980 – Rasmus Seebach, Danish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1980 – Luke Walton, American basketball player
  • 1981Lindsay Frimodt, American fashion model
  • 1981 – Edwar Ramírez, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Julia Stiles, American actress
  • 1983Ladji Doucouré, French sprinter and hurdler
  • 1984Shakib Khan, Bangladeshi actor
  • 1984 – Christopher Samba, Congolese footballer
  • 1984 – Nikki Sanderson, English actress
  • 1985Stefano Ferrario, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Sauli Koskinen, Finnish TV host and entertainer
  • 1985 – Steve Mandanda, French footballer
  • 1985 – Stanislas Wawrinka, Swiss tennis player
  • 1986Bowe Bergdahl, American sergeant
  • 1986 – Lady Gaga, American singer-songwriter, dancer, producer, and actress
  • 1986 – J-Kwon, American rapper
  • 1986 – Amaia Salamanca, Spanish actress
  • 1986 – Barbora Strýcová, Czech tennis player
  • 1987Jean-Paul Adela, Seychellois footballer
  • 1987 – Yohan Benalouane, French-Tunisian footballer
  • 1987 – Simeon Jackson, Canadian soccer player
  • 1987 – Kagney Linn Karter, American pornographic actress
  • 1987 – Yotam Solomon, Israeli/American fashion designer
  • 1987 – Mary Kate Wiles, American actress
  • 1988Ryan Kalish, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Lacey Turner, English actress
  • 1989Afrikan Boy, English rapper
  • 1989 – David Goodwillie, Scottish footballer
  • 1989 – Lukas Jutkiewicz, English footballer
  • 1989 – Mira Leung, Canadian figure skater
  • 1989 – Marek Suchý, Czech footballer
  • 1990Zac Clarke, Australian footballer
  • 1990 – Zoella (Zoe Sugg), English Youtuber
  • 1991Amy Bruckner, American actress
  • 1991 – Lisa-Maria Moser, Austrian tennis player
  • 1991 – Marie-Philip Poulin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Ondřej Palát, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1992Sergi Gómez, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Lucho Ayala, Filipino actor
  • 1994Jackson Wang, Hong Kong rapper
  • 1995Jonathan Drouin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1996Matt Renshaw, English-Australian cricketer
  • 2004Anna Shcherbakova, Russian figure skater (two-time Russian National Champion - '19 & '20)

Deaths

  • 193Pertinax, Roman emperor (b. 126)
  • 741Hatsusebe, Japanese princess
  • 965Arnulf I, count of Flanders
  • 966Flodoard, Frankish canon and chronicler
  • 1072Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (b. 1022)
  • 1134Saint Stephen Harding, founder of the Cistercian order
  • 1239Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)
  • 1241Valdemar II of Denmark (b. 1170)
  • 1254William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (b. 1193)
  • 1285Pope Martin IV (b. 1220)
  • 1346Venturino of Bergamo, Dominican preacher (b. 1304)
  • 1461John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford (b. 1435)
  • 1563Heinrich Glarean, Swiss poet and theorist (b. 1488)
  • 1566Sigismund von Herberstein, Austrian historian and diplomat (b. 1486)
  • 1583Magnus, Duke of Holstein (b. 1540)
  • 1584Ivan the Terrible, Russian king (b. 1530)
  • 1687Constantijn Huygens, Dutch poet and composer (b. 1596)
  • 1794Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1743)
  • 1818Antonio Capuzzi, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1755)
  • 1865Petrus Hofman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar and critic (b. 1786)
  • 1866Solomon Foot, American lawyer and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1868James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1797)
  • 1870George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)
  • 1874Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1795)
  • 1881Modest Mussorgsky, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1839)
  • 1893Edmund Kirby Smith, American general (b. 1824)
  • 1900Piet Joubert, South African soldier and politician (b. 1831 or 1834)
  • 1910Édouard Colonne, French violinist and conductor (b. 1838)
  • 1917Albert Pinkham Ryder, American painter (b. 1847)
  • 1923Charles Hubbard, American archer (b. 1849)
  • 1927Joseph-Médard Émard, Canadian archbishop (b. 1853)
  • 1929Katharine Lee Bates, American poet and songwriter (b. 1859)
  • 1929 – Lomer Gouin, Canadian lawyer and politician, 13th Premier of Quebec (b. 1861)
  • 1934Mahmoud Mokhtar, Egyptian sculptor and educator (b. 1891)
  • 1941Marcus Hurley, American basketball player and cyclist (b. 1883)
  • 1941 – Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian police officer (b. 1877)
  • 1941 – Virginia Woolf, English novelist, essayist, short story writer, and critic (b. 1882)
  • 1942Miguel Hernández, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1910)
  • 1943Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1873)
  • 1944Stephen Leacock, English-Canadian political scientist and author (b. 1869)
  • 1947Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (b. 1897)
  • 1949Grigoraș Dinicu, Romanian violinist and composer (b. 1889)
  • 1953Jim Thorpe, American football player and coach (b. 1887)
  • 1958W. C. Handy, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1873)
  • 1962Hugo Wast, Argentinian author and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1963Antonius Bouwens, Dutch target shooter (b. 1876)
  • 1965Clemence Dane, English author and playwright (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Jack Hoxie, American actor (b. 1885)
  • 1969Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (b. 1890)
  • 1971Robert Hunter, American golfer (b. 1886)
  • 1972Donie Bush, American baseball player, manager, and team owner (b. 1887)
  • 1974Arthur Crudup, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1905)
  • 1974 – Dorothy Fields, American songwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1974 – Françoise Rosay, French actress (b. 1891)
  • 1976Richard Arlen, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1977Eric Shipton, Sri Lankan-English mountaineer and explorer (b. 1907)
  • 1980Dick Haymes, Argentinian-American actor and singer (b. 1918)
  • 1982William Giauque, Canadian chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1984Carmen Dragon, American conductor and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1985Marc Chagall, Russian-French painter and poet (b. 1887)
  • 1986Virginia Gilmore. American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1987Maria von Trapp, Austrian-American singer (b. 1905)
  • 1992Nikolaos Platon, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1993Scott Cunningham, American author (b. 1956)
  • 1994Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-French playwright and critic (b. 1909)
  • 1996Shin Kanemaru, Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1914)
  • 1999Franco Gasparri, Italian actor (b. 1948)
  • 2000Anthony Powell, English soldier and author (b. 1905)
  • 2001Moe Koffman, Canadian flute player, saxophonist, and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2004Peter Ustinov, English-Swiss actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2005Moura Lympany, English-Monacan pianist (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Robin Spry, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2006Pro Hart, Australian painter (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian philosopher and author (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Charles Schepens, Belgian-American ophthalmologist and author (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Caspar Weinberger, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 15th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)
  • 2009Maurice Jarre, French-American composer and conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2010June Havoc, American actress, dancer, and director (b. 1912)
  • 2011Wenche Foss, Norwegian actress (b. 1917)
  • 2012John Arden, English author and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Alexander Arutiunian, Armenian pianist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Harry Crews, American novelist, playwright, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Addie L. Wyatt, African American labor leader (b. 1924)[9]
  • 2013George E. P. Box, English-American statistician and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Manuel García Ferré, Spanish-Argentinian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Richard Griffiths, English actor (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Art Malone, American race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Hugh McCracken, American guitarist, harmonica player, and producer (b. 1942)[10]
  • 2013 – Heinz Patzig, German footballer and manager (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Bob Teague, American college football star and television news-reporter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Gus Triandos, American baseball player and scout (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Robert Zildjian, American businessman, founded Sabian (b. 1923)
  • 2014Jeremiah Denton, American admiral and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Lorenzo Semple, Jr., American screenwriter and producer (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Avraham Yaski, Israeli architect and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2015Chuck Brayton, American baseball player and coach (b. 1925)[11]
  • 2015 – Joseph Cassidy, Canadian-English priest and academic (b. 1954)[12]
  • 2015 – Miroslav Ondříček, Czech cinematographer (b. 1934)[13]
  • 2015 – Gene Saks, American actor and director (b. 1921)[14]
  • 2016James Noble, American actor (b. 1922)[15]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Stephen Harding
    • Guntram
    • Priscus
    • Pope Sixtus III
    • Tuotilo
    • March 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Commemoration of Sen no Rikyū (Schools of Japanese tea ceremony)
  • Serfs Emancipation Day (Tibet)
  • Teachers' Day (Czech Republic and Slovakia)

References

  1. Herodian, Roman History, ii.6–13
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External links

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