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Events

  • 590 – Emperor Maurice proclaims his son Theodosius as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.[1]
  • 1027Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1169Saladin becomes the emir of Egypt.
  • 1344 – The Siege of Algeciras, one of the first European military engagements where gunpowder was used, comes to an end.
  • 1351Combat of the Thirty: Thirty Breton knights call out and defeat thirty English knights.
  • 1484William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop's Fables.
  • 1552Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh guru.
  • 1636Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands.
  • 1697Safavid government troops take control of Basra
  • 1812 – An earthquake devastates Caracas, Venezuela.
  • 1812 – A political cartoon in the Boston Gazette coins the term "gerrymander" to describe oddly shaped electoral districts designed to help incumbents win reelection.
  • 1830 – The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
  • 1839 – The first Henley Royal Regatta is held.
  • 1871 – The elections of Commune council of the Paris Commune are held.
  • 1885 – The Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel begin the North-West Rebellion against Canada.
  • 1913First Balkan War: Bulgarian forces capture Adrianople.
  • 1915 – The Vancouver Millionaires win the 1915 Stanley Cup Finals, the first championship played between the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association.
  • 1917World War I: First Battle of Gaza: British troops are halted after 17,000 Turks block their advance.
  • 1922 – The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland.
  • 1931Swissair is founded as the national airline of Switzerland.
  • 1931 – Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union is founded in Vietnam.
  • 1934 – The United Kingdom driving test is introduced.
  • 1939Spanish Civil War: Nationalists begin their final offensive of the war.
  • 1942World War II: The first female prisoners arrive at Auschwitz concentration camp in German-occupied Poland.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends as the island is officially secured by American forces.
  • 1954Nuclear weapons testing: The Romeo shot of Operation Castle is detonated at Bikini Atoll. Yield: 11 megatons.
  • 1958 – The United States Army launches Explorer 3.
  • 1958 – The African Regroupment Party is launched at a meeting in Paris.
  • 1967 – Ten thousand people gather for one of many Central Park be-ins in New York City.
  • 1970South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu implements a land reform program to solve the problem of land tenancy.
  • 1971East Pakistan declares its independence from Pakistan to form Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Liberation War begins.
  • 1975 – The Biological Weapons Convention comes into force.
  • 1979Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter sign the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.
  • 1981Social Democratic Party (UK) is founded as a party.
  • 1982 – A groundbreaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is held in Washington, D.C.
  • 1991Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market.
  • 1997 – Thirty-nine bodies are found in the Heaven's Gate mass suicides.
  • 1998 – During the Algerian Civil War, the Oued Bouaicha massacre sees fifty-two people, mostly infants, killed with axes and knives.
  • 2005 – Around 200,000 to 300,000 Taiwanese demonstrate in Taipei in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of China.
  • 2010 – The South Korean Navy corvette Cheonan is torpedoed, killing 46 sailors. After an international investigation, the President of the United Nations Security Council blames North Korea.
  • 2017Russia-wide anti-corruption protests in 99 cities. The Levada Center survey showed that 38% of surveyed Russians supported protests and that 67 percent held Putin personally responsible for high-level corruption.

Births

  • 1031Malcolm III, king of Scotland (d. 1093)
  • 1516Conrad Gessner, Swiss botanist and zoologist (d. 1565)
  • 1554Charles of Lorraine, duke of Mayenne (d. 1611)
  • 1584John II, duke of Zweibrücken (d. 1635)
  • 1633Mary Beale, British artist (d. 1699)
  • 1634Domenico Freschi, Italian priest and composer (d. 1710)
  • 1656Nicolaas Hartsoeker, Dutch mathematician and physicist (d. 1725)
  • 1687Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, queen consort of Prussia (d. 1757)
  • 1698Prokop Diviš, Czech priest, scientist and inventor (d. 1765)
  • 1749William Blount, American politician (d. 1800)
  • 1753Benjamin Thompson, American-French physicist and politician, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1814)
  • 1773Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician and navigator (d. 1838)
  • 1794Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)
  • 1804David Humphreys Storer, American physician and academic (d. 1891)
  • 1824Julie-Victoire Daubié, French journalist (d. 1874)[2]
  • 1829Théodore Aubanel, French poet (d. 1886)
  • 1842Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre, French occultist (d. 1909)
  • 1850Edward Bellamy, American author, socialist, and utopian visionary (d. 1898)
  • 1852Élémir Bourges, French author (d. 1925)
  • 1854Maurice Lecoq, French target shooter (d. 1925)
  • 1856William Massey, Irish-New Zealand farmer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1925)
  • 1857Théodore Tuffier, French surgeon (d. 1929)
  • 1859A. E. Housman, English poet and scholar (d. 1936)
  • 1859 – Adolf Hurwitz, Jewish German-Swiss mathematician and academic (d. 1919)
  • 1860André Prévost, French tennis player (d. 1919)
  • 1866Fred Karno, English producer and manager (d. 1941)
  • 1868 – King Fuad I of Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1873Dorothea Bleek, South African-German anthropologist and philologist (d. 1948)
  • 1874Robert Frost, American poet and playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1875Max Abraham, Polish-German physicist and academic (d. 1922)
  • 1875 – Syngman Rhee, South Korean journalist and politician, 1st President of South Korea (d. 1965)
  • 1876William of Wied, prince of Albania (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Kate Richards O'Hare, American Socialist Party activist and editor (d. 1948)
  • 1879Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American engineer, designed the George Washington Bridge and Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge (d. 1965)
  • 1879 – Waldemar Tietgens, German rower (d. 1917)
  • 1881Guccio Gucci, Italian fashion designer, founded Gucci (d. 1953)
  • 1882Hermann Obrecht, Swiss politician (d. 1940)
  • 1884Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist and educator (d. 1969)
  • 1884 – Georges Imbert, French chemical engineer and inventor (d. 1950)
  • 1886Hugh Mulzac, Vincentian-American soldier and politician (d. 1971)
  • 1888Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse and philanthropist (d. 1948)
  • 1893James Bryant Conant, American chemist, academic, and diplomat, 1st United States Ambassador to West Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Palmiro Togliatti, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Justice (d. 1964)
  • 1894Viorica Ursuleac, Ukrainian-Romanian soprano and actress (d. 1985)
  • 1895Vilho Tuulos, Finnish triple jumper (d. 1967)
  • 1898Rudolf Dassler, German businessman, founded Puma SE (d. 1974)
  • 1898 – Charles Shadwell, English conductor and bandleader (d. 1979)
  • 1900Angela Maria Autsch, German nun, died in Auschwitz helping Jewish prisoners (d. 1941) [3]
  • 1904Joseph Campbell, American mythologist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1904 – Emilio Fernández, Mexican actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Attilio Ferraris, Italian footballer (d. 1947)
  • 1905Monty Berman, English cinematographer and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1905 – André Cluytens, Belgian-French conductor and director (d. 1967)
  • 1905 – Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (d. 1997)
  • 1906Rafael Méndez, Mexican trumpet player and composer (d. 1981)
  • 1907Azellus Denis, Canadian lawyer and politician, Postmaster General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and activist (d. 1987)
  • 1908Franz Stangl, Austrian-German SS officer (d. 1971)
  • 1909Chips Rafferty, Australian actor (d. 1971)
  • 1910K. W. Devanayagam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 10th Sri Lankan Minister of Justice (d. 2002)
  • 1911Lennart Atterwall, Swedish javelin thrower (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – J. L. Austin, English philosopher and academic (d. 1960)
  • 1911 – Bernard Katz, German-English biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Tennessee Williams, American playwright, and poet (d. 1983)
  • 1913Jacqueline de Romilly, Jewish Franco-Greek philologist, author, and scholar (d. 2010)
  • 1913 – Paul Erdős, Hungarian-Polish mathematician and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1914Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematician and academic (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – William Westmoreland, American general (d. 2005)
  • 1915Lennart Strandberg, Swedish sprinter (d. 1989)
  • 1915 – Hwang Sun-won, North Korean author and poet (d. 2000)
  • 1916Christian B. Anfinsen, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Bill Edrich, English cricketer and footballer (d. 1986)
  • 1916 – Sterling Hayden, American actor and author (d. 1986)
  • 1917Rufus Thomas, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1919Strother Martin, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1919 – Roger Leger, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1965)
  • 1920Sergio Livingstone, Chilean footballer and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1922William Milliken, American politician, 44th Governor of Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Oscar Sala, Italian-Brazilian physicist and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1922 – Guido Stampacchia, Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1978)
  • 1923Gert Bastian, German general and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Bob Elliott, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1925Maqsood Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Pierre Boulez, French pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Vesta Roy, American politician, Governor of New Hampshire (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Edward Graham, Baron Graham of Edmonton, English soldier and politician (d. 2020)
  • 1925 – Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (d. 2010)
  • 1925 – James Moody, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1927Harold Chapman, English photographer
  • 1929Edward Sorel, American illustrator and caricaturist
  • 1929 – Edwin Turney, American businessman, co-founded Advanced Micro Devices (d. 2008)
  • 1930Sandra Day O'Connor, American lawyer and jurist
  • 1930 – Gregory Corso, American poet (d. 2001)
  • 1931Leonard Nimoy, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1932Leroy Griffith, American businessman
  • 1932 – James Andrew Harris, American chemist and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1933Tinto Brass, Italian director and screenwriter
  • 1934Alan Arkin, American actor
  • 1934 – Edvaldo Alves de Santa Rosa, Brazilian footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1937Wayne Embry, American basketball player and manager
  • 1937 – Barbara Jones, American sprinter
  • 1937 – James Lee, Canadian businessman and politician, 26th Premier of Prince Edward Island
  • 1938Norman Ackroyd, English painter and illustrator
  • 1938 – Anthony James Leggett, English-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940James Caan, American actor and singer
  • 1940 – Nancy Pelosi, American lawyer and politician, 60th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
  • 1941Richard Dawkins, Kenyan-English ethologist, biologist, and academic[4]
  • 1941 – Lella Lombardi, Italian racing driver (d. 1992)
  • 1942Erica Jong, American novelist and poet
  • 1943Mustafa Kalemli, Turkish physician and politician, Turkish Minister of the Interior
  • 1943 – Bob Woodward, American journalist and author
  • 1944Diana Ross, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1945Paul Bérenger, Mauritian politician, Prime Minister of Mauritius
  • 1945 – Mikhail Voronin, Russian gymnast and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1946Johnny Crawford, American actor and singer
  • 1946 – Alain Madelin, French politician, French Minister of Finance[5]
  • 1947Subhash Kak, Indian-American professor and author
  • 1947 – John Rowles, New Zealand-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1948Kyung-wha Chung, South Korean violinist and educator
  • 1948 – Richard Tandy, English pianist and keyboard player (Electric Light Orchestra)
  • 1948 – Steven Tyler, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1949Jon English, English-Australian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2016)
  • 1949 – Rudi Koertzen, South African cricketer and umpire
  • 1949 – Vicki Lawrence, American actress, comedian, talk show host, and singer
  • 1949 – Fran Sheehan, American bass player
  • 1949 – Patrick Süskind, German author and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Ernest Lee Thomas, American actor
  • 1950Teddy Pendergrass, American singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1950 – Graham Barlow, English cricketer
  • 1950 – Martin Short, Canadian-American actor, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1950 – Alan Silvestri, American composer and conductor
  • 1951Željko Pavličević, Croatian professional basketball coach and former professional player
  • 1951 – Carl Wieman, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1952Didier Pironi, French racing driver (d. 1987)[6]
  • 1953Lincoln Chafee, American academic and politician, 74th Governor of Rhode Island
  • 1953 – Elaine Chao, Taiwanese-American banker and politician, 24th United States Secretary of Labor
  • 1953 – Tatyana Providokhina, Russian runner
  • 1954Clive Palmer, Australian businessman and politician
  • 1954 – Curtis Sliwa, American talk show host and activist, founded Guardian Angels
  • 1954 – Dorothy Porter, Australian poet and playwright (d. 2008)
  • 1956Charly McClain, American country singer
  • 1956Park Won-soon, South Korean lawyer and politician, 35th Mayor of Seoul
  • 1957Fiona Bruce, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Leeza Gibbons, American talk show host and television personality
  • 1957 – Paul Morley, English journalist, producer, and author
  • 1957 – Shirin Neshat, Iranian visual artist
  • 1958Elio de Angelis, Italian racing driver (d. 1986)
  • 1960Marcus Allen, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Jennifer Grey, American actress and dancer[7]
  • 1960 – Graeme Rutjes, Australian-Dutch footballer
  • 1961William Hague, English historian and politician, First Secretary of State
  • 1962Richard Coles, English pianist, saxophonist, and priest
  • 1962 – Kevin Seitzer, American baseball player and coach
  • 1962 – Yuri Gidzenko, Russian pilot and cosmonaut
  • 1962 – John Stockton, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – Eric Allan Kramer, American-Canadian actor
  • 1963Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese author
  • 1964Martin Bella, Australian rugby league player
  • 1964 – Martin Donnelly, Irish racing driver
  • 1964 – Maria Miller, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
  • 1964 – Ulf Samuelsson, Swedish-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965Trey Azagthoth, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1965 – Violeta Szekely, Romanian runner
  • 1966Michael Imperioli, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1967Jason Chaffetz, American politician
  • 1968Laurent Brochard, French cyclist
  • 1968 – Kenny Chesney, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – James Iha, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1969Alessandro Moscardi, Italian rugby player
  • 1970Paul Bosvelt, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Jelle Goes, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1970 – Thomas Kyparissis, Greek footballer
  • 1970 – Martin McDonagh, English-born Irish playwright, screenwriter, and director
  • 1971Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist
  • 1971 – Martyn Day, Scottish politician
  • 1971 – Erick Morillo, Colombian-American DJ and producer
  • 1971 – Rennae Stubbs, Australian tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Paul Williams, English footballer and manager
  • 1972Leslie Mann, American actress
  • 1972 – Jason Maxwell, American baseball player
  • 1973Larry Page, American computer scientist and businessman, co-founder of Google
  • 1973 – T. R. Knight, American actor
  • 1973 – Matt Burke, Australian rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1974Irina Spîrlea, Romanian tennis player
  • 1974 – Vadimas Petrenko, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1974 – Michael Peca, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1976Amy Smart, American actress and former model
  • 1976 – Alex Varas, Chilean footballer
  • 1976 – Eirik Verås Larsen, Norwegian sprint kayaker[8]
  • 1977Kevin Davies, English footballer
  • 1977 – Bianca Kajlich, American actress
  • 1977 – Sylvain Grenier, Canadian wrestler
  • 1978Anastasia Kostaki, Greek basketball player
  • 1979Nacho Novo, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Ben Blair, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1979 – Hiromi Uehara, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1979 – Pierre Womé, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1979 – Juliana Paes, Brazilian actress
  • 1980Margaret Brennan, American journalist
  • 1980 – Son Ho-young, South Korean singer
  • 1980 – Richie Wellens, English footballer
  • 1981Sébastien Centomo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Baruch Dego, Ethiopian-Israeli footballer
  • 1981 – Massimo Donati, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Josh Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1982Mikel Arteta, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Brendan Ryan, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Nate Kaeding, American football player
  • 1983Andreas Hinkel, German footballer
  • 1983 – Floriana Lima, American actress
  • 1983 – Roman Bednář, Czech footballer
  • 1983 – Mike Mondo, American wrestler
  • 1984Jimmy Howard, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Drew Mitchell, Australian rugby player
  • 1984 – Felix Neureuther, German skier
  • 1984 – Marco Stier, German footballer
  • 1984 – Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984 – Sara Jean Underwood, American model, television host, and actress
  • 1985Keira Knightley, English actress
  • 1985 – Matt Grevers, American swimmer
  • 1985 – Jonathan Groff, American actor and singer
  • 1985 – Prosper Utseya, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986Maxime Biset, Belgian footballer
  • 1986 – Rob Kearney, Irish rugby player
  • 1986 – Emma Laine, Finnish tennis player
  • 1987Kim Dong-suk, South Korean footballer
  • 1987 – Jermichael Finley, American football player
  • 1987 – Steven Fletcher, Scottish footballer
  • 1989Simon Kjær, Danish footballer
  • 1990Choi Woo-shik, South Korean actor
  • 1990 – Patrick Ekeng, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2016)
  • 1990 – Yuya Takaki, Japanese idol, singer, dancer, model and actor
  • 1990 – Xiumin, South Korean singer and actor, member of South Korean boy band EXO
  • 1991Matt Davidson, American baseball player
  • 1992Nina Agdal, Danish model
  • 1992 – Stoffel Vandoorne, Belgian racing driver
  • 1994Jed Wallace, English footballer
  • 1996Zane Musgrove, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1996 – Kathryn Bernardo, Filipino actress
  • 1998Satoko Miyahara, Japanese figure skater
  • 2003Bhad Bhabie, American rapper and social media personality[9]

Deaths

  • 752Pope-elect Stephen
  • 809Ludger, Frisian missionary
  • 903Sugawara no Michizane, Japanese poet
  • 908Ai, emperor of the Tang Dynasty (b. 892)
  • 922Mansur Al-Hallaj, Persian mystic and poet (b. 858)
  • 929Wang Du, Chinese warlord and governor (jiedushi)
  • 973Guntram ("the Rich"), Frankish nobleman
  • 983'Adud al-Dawla, Iranian ruler (b. 936)
  • 1091Wallada bint al-Mustakfi, Andalusian poet[10]
  • 1130Sigurd the Crusader, Norwegian king (b. 1090)
  • 1132Geoffrey of Vendôme, French cardinal and theologian (b. 1065)
  • 1212Sancho I of Portugal (b. 1154)
  • 1242William de Forz, 3rd Earl of Albemarle
  • 1324Marie de Luxembourg, Queen of France (b. 1304)
  • 1326Alessandra Giliani, anatomist (b. c. 1307)
  • 1402David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (b. 1378)
  • 1437Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, Scottish nobleman and regicide
  • 1517Heinrich Isaac, Flemish composer (b. 1450)
  • 1535Georg Tannstetter, Austrian mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1482)
  • 1546Thomas Elyot, English scholar and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1566Antonio de Cabezón, Spanish organist and composer (b. 1510)
  • 1625Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (b. 1569)
  • 1649John Winthrop, English lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1679Johannes Schefferus, Swedish historian and author (b. 1621)
  • 1697Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician (b. 1640)
  • 1726John Vanbrugh, English playwright and architect, designed Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard (b. 1664)
  • 1772Charles Pinot Duclos, French author and politician (b. 1704)
  • 1776Samuel Ward, American jurist and politician, 31st Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island (b. 1725)
  • 1780Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (b. 1713)
  • 1793John Mudge, English physician and engineer (b. 1721)
  • 1797James Hutton, Scottish geologist and physician (b. 1726)
  • 1814Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and politician (b. 1738)
  • 1827Ludwig van Beethoven, German pianist and composer (b. 1770)
  • 1858John Addison Thomas, American lieutenant, engineer, and politician, 3rd United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1811)
  • 1862Uriah P. Levy, American commander (b. 1792)
  • 1881Roman Sanguszko, Polish general and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1885Anson Stager, American general and businessman, co-founded Western Union (b. 1825)
  • 1888Barghash bin Said of Zanzibar (b. 1837)
  • 1892Walt Whitman, American poet, essayist, and journalist (b. 1819)
  • 1902Cecil Rhodes, English-South African colonialist, businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (b. 1853)
  • 1905Maurice Barrymore, American actor (b. 1849)
  • 1910Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
  • 1920William Chester Minor, American surgeon and lexicographer (b. 1834)
  • 1923Sarah Bernhardt, French actress and screenwriter (b. 1844)
  • 1926Constantin Fehrenbach, German lawyer and politician, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1852)
  • 1932Henry M. Leland, American machinist, inventor, engineer, automotive entrepreneur and founded of Cadillac and Lincoln (b. 1843)
  • 1934John Biller, American jumper and discus thrower (b. 1877)
  • 1940Wilhelm Anderson, German-Estonian astrophysicist (b. 1880)
  • 1940 – Spyridon Louis, Greek runner (b. 1873)
  • 1942Jimmy Burke, American baseball player and manager (b. 1874)
  • 1942 – Carolyn Wells, American novelist and poet (b. 1862)[11]
  • 1945David Lloyd George, English-Welsh lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1863)
  • 1951James F. Hinkle, American banker and politician, 6th Governor of New Mexico (b. 1864)
  • 1954Charles Perrin, French rower (b. 1875)
  • 1957Édouard Herriot, French politician, Prime Minister of France (b. 1872)
  • 1958Phil Mead, English cricketer and footballer (b. 1887)
  • 1959Raymond Chandler, American crime novelist and screenwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1966Victor Hochepied, French swimmer (b. 1883)
  • 1969John Kennedy Toole, American novelist (b. 1937)
  • 1973Noël Coward, English playwright, actor, and composer (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Johnny Drake, American football player (b. 1916)
  • 1979Beauford Delaney, American-French painter (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Jean Stafford, American author and academic (b. 1915)
  • 1980Roland Barthes, French linguist and critic (b. 1915)
  • 1983Anthony Blunt, English historian and spy (b. 1907)
  • 1984Ahmed Sékou Touré, Guinean politician, 1st President of Guinea (b. 1922)
  • 1987Eugen Jochum, German conductor (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Walter Abel, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1990Halston, American fashion designer (b. 1932)
  • 1992Barbara Frum, American-Canadian journalist and radio host (b. 1937)
  • 1993Louis Falco, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1942)
  • 1995Eazy-E, American rapper and producer (b. 1964)
  • 1996Edmund Muskie, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 58th United States Secretary of State (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – David Packard, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (b. 1912)
  • 2000Alex Comfort, English physician and author (b. 1920)
  • 2002Randy Castillo, American drummer and songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2003Daniel Patrick Moynihan, American sociologist and politician, 12th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1927)
  • 2004Jan Sterling, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 2005James Callaghan, English lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Frederick Rotimi Williams, Nigerian lawyer and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2006Anil Biswas, Indian journalist and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Paul Dana, American racing driver (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Nikki Sudden, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1956)
  • 2008Robert Fagles, American poet and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Manuel Marulanda, Colombian rebel leader (b. 1930)
  • 2009Shane McConkey, Canadian skier and BASE jumper (b. 1969)
  • 2009 – Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer and composer (b. 1926)
  • 2010Charles Ryskamp, American art collector and curator (b. 1928)
  • 2011Roger Abbott, English-Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2011 – Geraldine Ferraro, American lawyer and politician (b. 1935)
  • 2011 – Diana Wynne Jones, English author (b. 1934)
  • 2012Sisto Averno, American football player (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Michael Begley, Irish carpenter and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Thomas M. Cover, American theorist and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – David Craighead, American organist and educator (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Manik Godghate, Indian poet and educator (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Helmer Ringgren, Swedish theologian and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2013Tom Boerwinkle, American basketball player and sportscaster (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Krzysztof Kozłowski, Polish journalist and politician, Polish Minister of Interior (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Dave Leggett, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Don Payne, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1964)
  • 2014Roger Birkman, American psychologist and author (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Dick Guidry, American businessman and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Marcus Kimball, Baron Kimball, English politician (b. 1928)
  • 2015Dinkha IV, Iraqi patriarch (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Friedrich L. Bauer, German mathematician, computer scientist, and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet, translator, and psychologist Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1931)
  • 2016Jim Harrison, American novelist, essayist, and poet (b. 1937)
  • 2018Fabrizio Frizzi, Italian television presenter (b. 1958)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast days:
    • Castulus
    • Emmanuel and companions
    • Felicitas
    • Harriet Monsell (Church of England)
    • Larissa
    • Ludger
    • Richard Allen (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • March 26 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day and National Day (Bangladesh), celebrates the declaration of independence from Pakistan in 1971.
  • Martyr's Day or Day of Democracy (Mali)
  • Prince Kūhiō Day (Hawaii, United States)
  • Purple Day (Canada and United States)
  • Synaxis of the Archangel Gabriel (Eastern Christianity)

References

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External links

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