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  2021 (Tuesday)
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Events

  • 1400 – The Trần dynasty of Vietnam is deposed, after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule, by Hồ Quý Ly, a court official.
  • 1540Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
  • 1568 – The Peace of Longjumeau is signed, ending the second phase of the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1708James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth.
  • 1775American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech – "Give me liberty, or give me death!" – at St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1801Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death inside his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle.
  • 1806 – After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
  • 1821Greek War of Independence: Battle and fall of city of Kalamata.
  • 1848 – The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1857Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
  • 1862 – The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Although a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.
  • 1868 – The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
  • 1879War of the Pacific: The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
  • 1885Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hưng Hóa, northern Vietnam.
  • 1888 – In England, The Football League, the world's oldest professional association football league, meets for the first time.
  • 1889 – The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, British India.
  • 1901Emilio Aguinaldo, only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by the forces of General Frederick Funston.
  • 1905Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
  • 1909Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
  • 1918First World War: On the third day of the German Spring Offensive, the 10th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment is annihilated with many of the men becoming prisoners of war
  • 1919 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
  • 1931Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for the killing of a deputy superintendent of police during the Indian struggle for independence.
  • 1933 – The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • 1935 – Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • 1939 – The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of the Slovak air force in Spišská Nová Ves, killing 13 people and beginning the Slovak–Hungarian War.
  • 1940 – The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All-India Muslim League.
  • 1956Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)
  • 1965NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
  • 1977 – The first of The Nixon Interviews (12 will be recorded over four weeks) are videotaped with British journalist David Frost interviewing former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal and the Nixon tapes.
  • 1978 – The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
  • 1980 – Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
  • 1982Guatemala's government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
  • 1983Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
  • 1991 – The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking a gruesome 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.
  • 1994 – At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
  • 1994 – A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.
  • 1994 – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed into the Kuznetsk Alatau mountain, Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, killing 75.
  • 1996Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1999 – Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.
  • 2001 – The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • 2003Battle of Nasiriyah, first major conflict during the invasion of Iraq.
  • 2009FedEx Express Flight 80: A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashes at Tokyo's Narita International Airport, killing both the captain and the co-pilot.

Births

  • 1338Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1430Margaret of Anjou (d. 1482)
  • 1514Lorenzino de' Medici, Italian writer and assassin (d. 1548)
  • 1599Thomas Selle, German composer (d. 1663)
  • 1643Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado, Spanish Dominican lay sister and mystic (d. 1731)
  • 1699John Bartram, American botanist and explorer (d. 1777)
  • 1732Princess Marie Adélaïde of France (d. 1800)
  • 1749Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
  • 1750Johannes Matthias Sperger, Austrian bassist and composer (d. 1812)
  • 1754Jurij Vega, Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1769Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general and diplomat (d. 1832)
  • 1769 – William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
  • 1823Schuyler Colfax, American journalist and politician, 17th Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1826Ludwig Minkus, Jewish-Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1834Julius Reubke, German pianist and composer (d. 1858)
  • 1842Friedrich Amelung, Estonian-German historian, businessman and composer (d. 1909)
  • 1842 – Susan Jane Cunningham, American mathematician (d. 1921)
  • 1858Ludwig Quidde, German activist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1862Nathaniel Reed, American criminal (d. 1950)
  • 1868Dietrich Eckart, German journalist and politician (d. 1923)
  • 1869Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and politician, 1st President of the Philippines (d. 1964)
  • 1869 – Calouste Gulbenkian, Turkish-Armenian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1955)
  • 1872Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-New Zealand union leader and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1940)
  • 1874Grantley Goulding, English hurdler (d. 1947)
  • 1874 – J. C. Leyendecker, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1876Ziya Gökalp, Turkish sociologist, poet and activist (d. 1924)
  • 1876 – Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet, writer and political leader (d. 1964)
  • 1878Franz Schreker, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1934)
  • 1880Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician, Finnish Minister of the Interior (d. 1922)
  • 1881Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (d. 1969)
  • 1881 – Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist and paleographer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1882Emmy Noether, Jewish German-American mathematician, physicist and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1884Joseph Boxhall, English sailor (d. 1967)
  • 1885Platt Adams, American jumper and politician (d. 1961)
  • 1886Frank Irons, American long jumper (d. 1942)
  • 1887Josef Čapek, Czech painter and poet (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Rudolf Kinau, German author (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Juan Gris, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-born American labor leader (d. 1946)
  • 1891Po Kya, Burmese author and educationist (d. 1942)
  • 1893Cedric Gibbons, Irish-born American art director and production designer (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu, Indian engineer and businessman (d. 1974)
  • 1894Arthur Grimsdell, English footballer and cricketer (d. 1963)
  • 1895Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1895 – Dane Rudhyar, French-American astrologer, author and composer (d. 1985)
  • 1898Louis Adamic, Slovenian-American author, translator and politician (d. 1951)
  • 1898 – Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset, Duchess of Parma (d. 1984)
  • 1899Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
  • 1900Erich Fromm, German psychologist and sociologist (d. 1980)
  • 1901Bon Maharaja, Indian guru and religious writer (d. 1982)
  • 1907Daniel Bovet, Swiss-Italian pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1909Charles Werner, American cartoonist (d. 1997)
  • 1910Jerry Cornes, English runner, colonial and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Akira Kurosawa, Japanese director, producer and screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1912Eleanor Cameron, Canadian-American author and critic (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Neil McCorkell, Anglo-South African cricketer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1912 – Wernher von Braun, German-American physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1913Abidin Dino, Turko-French painter and illustrator (d. 1993)
  • 1914Milbourne Christopher, American magician and author (d. 1984)
  • 1915Mary Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe (d. 2014)
  • 1915 – Vasily Zaytsev, Russian captain (d. 1991)
  • 1917Harry Cranbrook Allen, English historian (d. 1998)
  • 1918Stanley Armour Dunham, American sergeant (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Helene Hale, American politician (d. 2013)
  • 1919Carl Graffunder, American architect and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1920Neal Edward Smith, American pilot, lawyer and politician
  • 1920 – Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1921Donald Campbell, English racing driver (d. 1967)
  • 1921 – Peter Lawler, Australian public servant
  • 1922Marty Allen, American comedian and actor
  • 1922 – Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (d. 1990)
  • 1923Angelo Ingrassia, American soldier and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1924Rodney Mims Cook, Sr., American lieutenant and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor, invented Liquid Paper (d. 1980)
  • 1924 – Olga Kennard, English crystallographer and academic
  • 1924 – John Madin, English architect (d. 2012)
  • 1925David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008)
  • 1929Roger Bannister, English runner, neurologist and academic
  • 1929 – Michael Manser, English architect and engineer (d. 2016)
  • 1931Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player and author (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Russian skier (d. 2013)
  • 1932Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933Norman Bailey, Anglo-American opera singer and educator
  • 1933 – Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist and academic
  • 1934Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician and physicist
  • 1934 – Mark Rydell, American actor, director and producer
  • 1935Barry Cryer, English comedian, actor and screenwriter
  • 1936Jannis Kounellis, Greek painter and sculptor
  • 1937Craig Breedlove, American racing driver
  • 1937 – Tony Burton, American actor, comedian, boxer and American football player (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Robert Gallo, American physician and academic
  • 1938Jon Finlayson, Australian actor and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1939Robin Herd, English engineer and businessman
  • 1939 – Terry Paine, English footballer
  • 1942Michael Haneke, Austrian director, producer and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Jimmy Miller, American record producer and musician (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian, scholar and activist (d. 1980)
  • 1943Andrew Crockett, Scottish-English economist and banker (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Lee May, American baseball player and coach
  • 1943 – Sharon Presley, American author and academic
  • 1943 – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish singer, author and director (d. 2001)
  • 1944B. P. Gavrilov, Russian rugby player (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Tony McPhee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945Franco Battiato, Italian singer-songwriter and director
  • 1945 – David Grisman, American mandolin player and composer
  • 1946Alan Bleasdale, English screenwriter and producer
  • 1947Elizabeth Ann Scarborough, American author
  • 1948Wasim Bari, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1948 – Marie Malavoy, German-Canadian educator and politician
  • 1949Ric Ocasek, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
  • 1950Corinne Cléry, French actress
  • 1950 – Phil Lanzon, English keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1950 – Ahdaf Soueif, Egyptian author and translator
  • 1951Ron Jaworski, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Adrian Reynard, English businessman, founded Reynard Motorsport
  • 1952Francesco Clemente, Italian painter and illustrator
  • 1952 – Kent Lambert, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1952 – Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
  • 1952 – Rex Tillerson, American businessman, engineer and diplomat; 69th United States Secretary of State
  • 1953Bo Díaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1953 – Chaka Khan, American singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Indian zoologist and businesswoman
  • 1954Geno Auriemma, Italian-American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Kenneth Cole, American fashion designer, founded Kenneth Cole Productions
  • 1955Moses Malone, American basketball player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1956José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese academic and politician, 115th Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1956 – Andrew Mitchell, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for International Development
  • 1956 – Jeremy Wade, English biologist and author
  • 1957Lucio Gutiérrez, Ecuadorian politician, 52nd President of Ecuador
  • 1957 – Robbie James, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 1998)
  • 1957 – Amanda Plummer, American actress
  • 1958Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist
  • 1958 – Bengt-Åke Gustafsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958 – Hugh Grant, Scottish business executive
  • 1959Catherine Keener, American actress
  • 1960Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen, Scottish lawyer and politician, 2nd Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1961Roger Crisp, English philosopher and academic
  • 1961 – Craig Green, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1961 – Helmi Johannes, Indonesian journalist and producer
  • 1962Steve Redgrave, English rower
  • 1963Míchel, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Juan Ramón López Caro, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Ana Fidelia Quirot, Cuban runner
  • 1964Hope Davis, American actress
  • 1965 – Gary Whitehead, American poet and painter
  • 1966Lorenzo Daniel, American sprinter
  • 1966 – Vasilis Vouzas, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1968Damon Albarn, English singer-songwriter, producer and actor
  • 1968 – Mike Atherton, English cricketer and journalist
  • 1968 – Mitch Cullin, American author
  • 1968 – Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Pierre Palmade, French actor and screenwriter
  • 1971Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian model
  • 1971 – Gail Porter, Scottish model and television host
  • 1971 – Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese wrestler
  • 1972Jonas Björkman, Swedish-Monégasque tennis player and coach
  • 1972 – Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
  • 1972 – Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
  • 1973Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
  • 1973 – Wim Eyckmans, Belgian racing driver
  • 1973 – Jason Kidd, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974Randall Park, American actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1975Burak Gürpınar, Turkish drummer
  • 1976Jayson Blair, American journalist and author
  • 1976 – Chris Hoy, Scottish cyclist and racing driver
  • 1976 – Smriti Irani, Indian actress, producer and politician, Indian Minister of Human Resource Development
  • 1976 – Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle racer
  • 1976 – Michelle Monaghan, American actress
  • 1976 – Jeremy Newberry, American football player
  • 1976 – Joel Peralta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Keri Russell, American actress
  • 1976 – Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1977Miklos Perlus, Canadian actor and screenwriter
  • 1978Simon Gärdenfors, Swedish illustrator
  • 1978 – Walter Samuel, Argentinian footballer
  • 1979Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Donncha O'Callaghan, Irish rugby player
  • 1980Russell Howard, English comedian
  • 1981Erin Crocker, American racing driver
  • 1981 – Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Shelley Rudman, English bobsledder
  • 1981 – Giuseppe Sculli, Italian footballer
  • 1982José Contreras Arrau, Chilean footballer
  • 1982 – Andrea Musacco, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Evgeni Striganov, Estonian ice dancer
  • 1983Hakan Balta, Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Mo Farah, Somali-English runner
  • 1983 – Sascha Riether, German footballer
  • 1983 – Jerome Thomas, English footballer
  • 1984Ryan Araña, Filipino basketball player
  • 1984 – Brandon Marshall, American football player
  • 1985Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
  • 1985 – Bethanie Mattek-Sands, American tennis player
  • 1986Patrick Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Andrea Dovizioso, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1986 – Brett Eldredge, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1987Alan Toovey, Australian footballer
  • 1988Dellin Betances, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Jason Kenny, English cyclist
  • 1988 – Michal Neuvirth, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1989Nikola Gulan, Serbian footballer
  • 1989 – Luis Fernando Silva, Mexican footballer
  • 1989 – Ayesha Curry, Canadian-American chef, author and television personality
  • 1990Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish racing driver
  • 1990 – Robert Zickert, German footballer
  • 1991Gregg Wylde, Scottish footballer
  • 1992Tolga Ciğerci, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1992 – Morgan Evans, Welsh rugby league player
  • 1992 – Kyrie Irving, Australian-American basketball player
  • 1993Kyle Lovett, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Aytaç Kara, Turkish footballer
  • 1994Nick Powell, English footballer
  • 1995Kevin Kauber, Estonian footballer
  • 1995 – Jan Lisiecki, Canadian pianist
  • 1995 – Ozan Tufan, Turkish footballer

Deaths

  • 851Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician (b. 793)
  • 1022Emperor Zhenzong of China (b. 968)
  • 1103Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
  • 1361Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, English politician, Lord High Steward of England (b. 1310)
  • 1369Peter of Castile (b. 1334)
  • 1483Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1428)
  • 1548Itagaki Nobukata, Japanese samurai (b. 1489)
  • 1555Pope Julius III (b. 1487)
  • 1559Gelawdewos, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1521)
  • 1593Henry Barrowe, English Puritan and separatist (b. 1550)
  • 1596Henry Unton, English diplomat (b. 1557)
  • 1606Justus Lipsius, Flemish philologist and scholar (b. 1547)
  • 1618James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish police officer and politician (b. 1575)
  • 1629Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland (b. c. 1580)
  • 1675Anthoni van Noordt, Dutch organist and composer (b. 1619)
  • 1680Nicolas Fouquet, French politician (b. 1615)
  • 1742Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French historian and author (b. 1670)
  • 1747Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French general (b. 1675)
  • 1748Johann Gottfried Walther, German organist and composer (b. 1684)
  • 1754Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian and critic (b. 1693)
  • 1783Charles Carroll, English barrister and politician (b. 1723)
  • 1801Paul I of Russia (b. 1754)
  • 1842Stendhal, French novelist (b. 1783)
  • 1884Henry C. Lord, American businessman (b. 1824)
  • 1910Nadar, French photographer, journalist, and author (b. 1820)
  • 1914Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
  • 1923Hovhannes Tumanyan Armenian poet and author (b. 1869)
  • 1927Paul César Helleu, French painter and etcher (b. 1859)
  • 1931Shivaram Rajguru, Indian activist (b. 1908)
  • 1931 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (b. 1907)
  • 1931 – Sukhdev Thapar, Indian activist (b. 1907)
  • 1953Raoul Dufy, French painter and illustrator (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – Oskar Luts, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1887)
  • 1955Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian politician, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1960Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist and author (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – Said Nursî, Kurdish theologian and scholar (b. 1878)
  • 1961Albert Bloch, American painter and educator (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Jack Russell, English cricketer (b. 1887)
  • 1963Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician and logician (b. 1887)
  • 1964Peter Lorre, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1965Mae Murray, American actress, dancer, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1885)
  • 1968Edwin O'Connor, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
  • 1972Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer, founded Balenciaga (b. 1895)
  • 1978Haim Ernst Wertheimer, Israeli biochemist and academic (b. 1893)
  • 1979Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
  • 1980Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 1981Beatrice Tinsley, English-New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist (b. 1941)
  • 1985Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching, English physicist and engineer (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and educator (b. 1908)
  • 1987Olev Roomet, Estonian singer and violinist (b. 1901)
  • 1990John Dexter, English director and producer (b. 1925)
  • 1991Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1913)
  • 1992Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-German economist, philosopher, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Ron Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1949)
  • 1994Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican economist and politician (b. 1950)
  • 1994 – Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1995Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer and coach (b. 1956)
  • 1999Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan judge and politician, Vice President of Paraguay (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Osmond Borradaile, Canadian director and cinematographer (b. 1898)
  • 2001Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Margaret Jones, British archaeologist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Robert Laxalt, American author (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – David McTaggart, Canadian badminton player and environmentalist (b. 1932)
  • 2002Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ben Hollioake, Australian-English cricketer (b. 1977)
  • 2003Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-English flute player and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2004Rupert Hamer, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Victoria (b. 1916)
  • 2006David B. Bleak, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Desmond Doss, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
  • 2007Paul Cohen, American mathematician and theorist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Eric Medlen, American race car driver (b. 1973)
  • 2008Vaino Vahing, Estonian psychiatrist, author, and playwright (b. 1940)
  • 2009Ghukas Chubaryan, Armenian sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Raúl Macías, Mexican boxer and trainer (b. 1934)
  • 2011Jean Bartik, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – Elizabeth Taylor, American-British actress, socialite and humanitarian (b. 1932)
  • 2012Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalian politician, President of Somalia (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Jim Duffy, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Naji Talib, Iraqi politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Lonnie Wright, American basketball and football player (b. 1945)
  • 2013Boris Berezovsky, Russian-born Soviet-British mathematician and businessman (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Virgil Trucks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Joe Weider, Canadian-American bodybuilder and publisher, co-founded the International Federation of BodyBuilding & Fitness (b. 1919)
  • 2014Dave Brockie, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Jaroslav Šerých, Czech painter and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Adolfo Suárez, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1932)
  • 2015Gian Vittorio Baldi, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Lee Kuan Yew, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Bobby Lowther, American basketball player and lieutenant (b. 1923)
  • 2016Joe Garagiola, Sr., American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Ken Howard, American actor (b. 1944)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Maronite Church)
    • Turibius of Mogrovejo
    • March 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Hungarian-Polish Friendship (Hungary and Poland)
  • Day of the Sea (Bolivia)
  • Earliest day on which Easter Monday can fall, while April 26 is the latest; celebrated on Monday after Easter. (Western Christianity)
  • Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Day (Azerbaijan)
  • Pakistan Day (Pakistan)
  • Promised Messiah Day (Ahmadiyya)
  • World Meteorological Day

External links

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