Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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2021

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  2021 (Saturday)
  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Tuesday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".March 20 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 286 days remain until the end of the year. Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.

Events

  • 235Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed emperor.
  • 673 – Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum Throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka.
  • 1206Michael IV Autoreianos is appointed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • 1600 – The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden: five Swedish noblemen are publicly beheaded in the aftermath of the War against Sigismund (1598–1599).[1]
  • 1602 – The Dutch East India Company is established.
  • 1616 – Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment.
  • 1760 – The Great Boston Fire of 1760 destroys 349 buildings.
  • 1815 – After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule.
  • 1848German revolutions of 1848–49: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.
  • 1852Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.
  • 1854 – The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin, US.
  • 1861 – An earthquake destroys Mendoza, Argentina.
  • 1883 – The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property is signed.
  • 1888 – The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1890 – Prime Minister of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck is dismissed by Emperor Wilhelm II.
  • 1896 – With the approval of Emperor Guangxu, the Qing dynasty post office is opened, marking the beginning of a postal service in China.
  • 1913Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later.
  • 1915Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • 1921 – The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.
  • 1922 – The Template:Ship is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
  • 1923 – The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso's first United States showing, entitled Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso, becoming an early proponent of modern art in the United States.
  • 1933Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of Dachau concentration camp as Chief of Police of Munich and appointed Theodor Eicke as the camp commandant.
  • 1942World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return".
  • 1948 – With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC.
  • 1951Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded.
  • 1952 – The US Senate ratifies the Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan.
  • 1956Tunisia gains independence from France.
  • 1964 – The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organisation) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
  • 1972The Troubles: The first Provisional IRA car bombing in Belfast kills seven people and injures 148 others in Northern Ireland.
  • 1985Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
  • 1985 – Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research.
  • 1987 – The Food and Drug Administration approves the anti-AIDS drug, AZT.
  • 1988Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.
  • 1990Ferdinand Marcos's widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.
  • 1993The Troubles: A Provisional IRA bomb kills two children in Warrington, England. It leads to mass protests in both Britain and Ireland.
  • 1995 – The Japanese cult Aum Shinrikyo carries out a sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway, killing 13 and wounding over 6,200 people.
  • 1999Legoland California, the first Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California, US.
  • 2000Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after murdering Georgia sheriff's deputy Ricky Kinchen and critically wounding Deputy Aldranon English.
  • 2003Invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries (the UK, Australia and Poland) begin military operations in Iraq.
  • 2006 – Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Déby.
  • 2012 – At least 52 people are killed and more than 250 injured in a wave of terror attacks across ten cities in Iraq.
  • 2014 – Four suspected Taliban members attack the Kabul Serena Hotel, killing at least nine people.
  • 2015 – A Solar eclipse, equinox, and a supermoon all occur on the same day.

Births

  • 43 BCOvid, Roman poet (d. 17)
  • 1253 – Magadu, renamed Wareru, founder of Ramanya Kingdom, renamed Hanthawady Kingdom of Pegu (b. a commoner; d. on a Saturday in January 1307)
  • 1319Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke (d. 1348)
  • 1469Cecily of York (d. 1507)
  • 1477Jerome Emser, German theologian and scholar (d. 1527)
  • 1479Ippolito d'Este, Italian cardinal (d. 1520)
  • 1502Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (d. 1575)
  • 1532Juan de Ribera, Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1611)
  • 1612Anne Bradstreet, Puritan American poet (d. 1672)
  • 1615Dara Shikoh, Indian prince (d. 1659)
  • 1639Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian diplomat, Hetman of Ukraine (d. 1709)
  • 1725Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1737Rama I, Thai king (d. 1809)
  • 1771Heinrich Clauren, German author (d. 1854)
  • 1796Edward Gibbon Wakefield, English politician (d. 1862)
  • 1799Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet and author (d. 1839)
  • 1800Braulio Carrillo Colina, Costa Rican lawyer and politician, President of Costa Rica (d. 1845)
  • 1805Thomas Cooper, British poet (d. 1892)
  • 1811Napoleon II, French emperor (d. 1832)
  • 1811 – George Caleb Bingham, American painter and politician, State Treasurer of Missouri (d. 1879)
  • 1821Ned Buntline, American journalist, author, and publisher (d. 1886)
  • 1824Theodor von Heuglin, German explorer and ornithologist (d. 1876)
  • 1828Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian poet, playwright, and director (d. 1906)
  • 1831Patrick Jennings, Northern Irish-Australian politician, 11th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1897)
  • 1831 – Solomon L. Spink, American lawyer and politician (d. 1881)
  • 1834Charles William Eliot, American mathematician and academic (d. 1926)
  • 1836Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1836 – Edward Poynter, English painter, illustrator, and curator (d. 1919)
  • 1840Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)
  • 1851Ismail Gasprinski, Ukrainian educator, publisher, and politician (d. 1914)
  • 1856John Lavery, Irish painter (d. 1941)
  • 1856 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American tennis player and engineer (d. 1915)
  • 1870Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (d. 1964)[2]
  • 1874Börries von Münchhausen, German poet and activist (d. 1945)
  • 1876Payne Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1927)
  • 1879Maud Menten, Canadian physician and biochemist (d. 1960)[3]
  • 1882René Coty, French lawyer and politician, 17th President of France (d. 1962)
  • 1882 – Harold Weber, American golfer (d. 1933)
  • 1884Philipp Frank, Austrian-American physicist, mathematician, and philosopher (d. 1966)
  • 1884 – John Jensen, Australian public servant (d. 1970)
  • 1885Vernon Ransford, Australian cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1888Amanda Clement, American baseball player, umpire, and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1890Lauritz Melchior, Danish-American tenor and actor (d. 1973)
  • 1894Amalie Sara Colquhoun, Australian landscape and portrait painter (d. 1974)
  • 1895Fredric Wertham, German-American psychologist and author (d. 1981)
  • 1898Eduard Wiiralt, Estonian artist (d. 1954)
  • 1900Amelia Chopitea Villa, Bolivia's first female physician (d. 1942)[4]
  • 1903Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1904B. F. Skinner, American psychologist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1905Jean Galia, French rugby player and boxer (d. 1949)
  • 1906Abraham Beame, American accountant and politician, 104th Mayor of New York City (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Ozzie Nelson, American actor and bandleader (d. 1975)
  • 1907Hugh MacLennan, Canadian author and educator (d. 1990)
  • 1908Michael Redgrave, English actor and director (d. 1985)
  • 1910Erwin Blask, German hammer thrower (d. 1999)
  • 1911Alfonso García Robles, Mexican lawyer and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1912Ralph Hauenstein, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2016)
  • 1913Nikolai Stepulov, Russian-Estonian boxer (d. 1968)
  • 1914Wendell Corey, American actor and politician (d. 1968)
  • 1915Rudolf Kirchschläger, Austrian judge and politician, 8th President of Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Sviatoslav Richter, Ukrainian pianist and composer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Sister Rosetta Tharpe, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1973)
  • 1916Pierre Messmer, French lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2007)
  • 1917Vera Lynn, English singer, songwriter and actress (d. 2020)
  • 1917 – Yigael Yadin, Israeli archaeologist, general, and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1984)
  • 1918Jack Barry, American game show host and producer, co-founded Barry & Enright Productions (d. 1984)
  • 1918 – Donald Featherstone, English soldier and author (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Marian McPartland, English-American pianist and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Bernd Alois Zimmermann, German composer (d. 1970)
  • 1919Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter ace (d. 1983)
  • 1920Pamela Harriman, English-American diplomat, 58th United States Ambassador to France (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Rosemary Timperley, English author and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1921Usmar Ismail, Indonesian filmmaker (d. 1971)
  • 1921 – Dušan Pirjevec, Slovenian historian and philosopher (d. 1977)
  • 1921 – Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician and theorist (d. 1970)
  • 1922Larry Elgart, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 2017)
  • 1922 – Ray Goulding, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Carl Reiner, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1923Con Martin, Irish footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani journalist, author, and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1925John Ehrlichman, American lawyer, 12th White House Counsel (d. 1999)
  • 1927John Joubert, South African-English composer and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1928Jerome Biffle, American long jumper and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – James P. Gordon, American physicist and engineer (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Fred Rogers, American television host and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1929William Andrew MacKay, Canadian lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Germán Robles, Spanish-Mexican actor and director (d. 2015)
  • 1930S. Arasaratnam, Sri Lankan historian, author, and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1931Hal Linden, American actor, singer, and director
  • 1931 – Rein Raamat, Estonian director and screenwriter
  • 1933Lateef Adegbite, Nigerian lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – George Altman, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Ian Walsh, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1934Willie Brown, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 41st Mayor of San Francisco
  • 1934 – David Malouf, Australian author and playwright
  • 1935Ted Bessell, American actor and director (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Bettye Washington Greene, American chemist (d. 1995)
  • 1936Lee "Scratch" Perry, Jamaican singer, songwriter, music producer, and inventor
  • 1936 – Mark Saville, Baron Saville of Newdigate, English lieutenant, lawyer, and judge
  • 1937Lois Lowry, American author
  • 1937 – Jerry Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 2008)
  • 1938Sergei Novikov, Russian mathematician and academic
  • 1939Gerald Curran, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Don Edwards, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1939 – Walter Jakob Gehring, Swiss biologist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – Brian Mulroney, Canadian lawyer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1940Stathis Chaitas, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1940 – Mary Ellen Mark, American photographer and journalist (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Giampiero Moretti, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded the Momo company (d. 2012)
  • 1941Pat Corrales, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Kenji Kimihara, Japanese runner
  • 1943Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
  • 1943 – Douglas Tompkins, American businessman, co-founded The North Face and Esprit Holdings (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Paul Junger Witt, American director and producer (d. 2018)
  • 1944John Cameron, English composer and conductor
  • 1944 – Camille Cosby, American author, producer, and philanthropist
  • 1944 – Alan Harper, English-Irish archbishop
  • 1945Henry Bartholomay, American soldier and pilot (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Jay Ingram, Canadian television host and author
  • 1945 – Pat Riley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1945 – Tim Yeo, English politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Health
  • 1946Douglas B. Green, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Malcolm Simmons, English motorcycle racer (d. 2014)
  • 1947John Boswell, American historian, philologist, and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1948John de Lancie, American actor
  • 1948 – Bobby Orr, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1948 – Nikos Papazoglou, Greek singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1949Marcia Ball, American blues singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1949 – Richard Dowden, English journalist and educator
  • 1950William Hurt, American actor
  • 1950 – Carl Palmer, English drummer, percussionist, and songwriter
  • 1951Jimmie Vaughan, American blues-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Geoff Brabham, Australian race car driver
  • 1952 – David Greenaway, English economist and academic
  • 1953Phil Judd, New Zealand singer-songwriter, guitarist and painter
  • 1954Mike Francesa, American radio talk show host and television commentator
  • 1954 – Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1954 – Paul Mirabella, American baseball player
  • 1955Nina Kiriki Hoffman, American author
  • 1955 – Ian Moss, Australian guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Mariya Takeuchi, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1956Catherine Ashton, English politician, Vice-President of the European Commission
  • 1956 – Anne Donahue, American lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Naoto Takenaka, Japanese actor, comedian, singer, and director
  • 1957Vanessa Bell Calloway, American actress
  • 1957 – David Foster, Australian woodchopper
  • 1957 – Spike Lee, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Theresa Russell, American actress
  • 1957 – Chris Wedge, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
  • 1958Holly Hunter, American actress and producer
  • 1958 – Rickey Jackson, American football player
  • 1958 – Joe Reaiche, Australian rugby player
  • 1959Dave Beasant, English footballer and coach
  • 1959 – Mary Roach, American author
  • 1959 – Sting, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott, British Labour Party politician and peer[5]
  • 1960Norm Magnusson, American painter and sculptor
  • 1960 – Norbert Pohlmann, German computer scientist and academic
  • 1960 – Yuri Shargin, Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1961Ingrid Arndt-Brauer, German politician
  • 1961 – Jesper Olsen, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Sara Wheeler, English author and journalist
  • 1962Stephen Sommers, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963Paul Annacone, American tennis player and coach
  • 1963 – Kathy Ireland, American model, actress, and furniture designer
  • 1963 – Yelena Romanova, Russian runner (d. 2007)
  • 1963 – David Thewlis, English-French actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964Natacha Atlas, Belgian singer-songwriter
  • 1965William Dalrymple, Scottish historian and author
  • 1967Xavier Beauvois, French actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Mookie Blaylock, American basketball player
  • 1968Carlos Almeida, Cape Verdean runner
  • 1968 – A. J. Jacobs, American journalist and author
  • 1968 – Paul Merson, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Ultra Naté, American singer, songwriter, record producer, DJ, and promoter
  • 1969Yvette Cooper, English economist and politician, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
  • 1969 – Fabien Galthie, French rugby player
  • 1970Edoardo Ballerini, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Josephine Medina, Filipino Paralympic table tennis player[6]
  • 1970 – sj Miller, American academic, public speaker, and social justice activist [7]
  • 1970 – Michael Rapaport, American actor, podcast host, and director
  • 1971Manny Alexander, Dominican baseball player
  • 1971 – Touré, American journalist and author
  • 1972Chilly Gonzales, Canadian-German singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1972 – Alex Kapranos, English-Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1972 – Greg Searle, English rower
  • 1972 – Marco Sejna, German footballer
  • 1972 – Cristel Vahtra, Estonian skier
  • 1973Nicky Boje, South African cricketer
  • 1973 – Natalya Khrushcheleva, Russian runner
  • 1973 – Talal Khalifa Aljeri, Kuwaiti businessman
  • 1974Carsten Ramelow, German footballer
  • 1975Ramin Bahrani, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Isolde Kostner, Italian skier
  • 1976Chester Bennington, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1978Kevin Betsy, English born Seychelles international footballer, midfielder and manager[8]
  • 1978 – Brent Sherwin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1979Shinnosuke Abe, Japanese baseball player
  • 1979 – Freema Agyeman, English actress
  • 1979 – Keven Mealamu, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1980Jamal Crawford, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Robertas Javtokas, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1981Ian Murray, Scottish footballer
  • 1981 – Carl Webb, Australian rugby league player
  • 1982Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982 – Tomasz Kuszczak, Polish footballer
  • 1982 – José Moreira, Portuguese footballer
  • 1983Carolina Padrón, Venezuelan journalist
  • 1983 – Jenni Vartiainen, Finnish singer
  • 1984Vikram Banerjee, English cricketer
  • 1984 – Christy Carlson Romano, American actress and singer
  • 1984 – Fernando Torres, Spanish footballer
  • 1985Morgan Amalfitano, French footballer
  • 1985 – Ronnie Brewer, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Nicolas Lombaerts, Belgian footballer
  • 1986Dean Geyer, South African-Australian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1986 – Julián Magallanes, Argentinian footballer
  • 1986 – Ruby Rose, Australian actress and model
  • 1986 – Román Torres, Panamanian footballer
  • 1987Daniel Maa Boumsong, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1987 – , Brazilian footballer[9]
  • 1987 – Pedro Ken, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Sergei Kostitsyn, Belarusian ice hockey player
  • 1989Xavier Dolan, Canadian actor and director
  • 1989 – Tamim Iqbal, Bangladeshi Cricketer
  • 1990Blake Ferguson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990 – Marcos Rojo, Argentine footballer
  • 1991Mattia Destro, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Michał Kucharczyk, Polish footballer
  • 1991 – Ethan Lowe, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993Sloane Stephens, American tennis player
  • 1995Jack Bird, Australian rugby league player

Deaths

  • 687Cuthbert, Northumbrian (English) monk, bishop, and saint (b. 634)
  • 703Wulfram, archbishop of Sens
  • 842Alfonso II, king of Asturias (Spain) (b. 759)
  • 851Ebbo, archbishop of Reims
  • 1181Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese general (b. 1118)
  • 1191Pope Clement III (b. 1130)
  • 1239Hermann von Salza, German knight and diplomat (b. 1179)
  • 1302Ralph Walpole, Bishop of Norwich
  • 1336Maurice Csák, Hungarian Dominican friar (b. 1270)[10]
  • 1351Muhammad bin Tughluq, Sultan of Delhi
  • 1390Alexios III Megas Komnenos, Emperor of Trebizond (b. 1338)
  • 1413Henry IV of England (b. 1367)
  • 1440Sigismund I of Lithuania
  • 1475Georges Chastellain, Burgundian chronicler and poet
  • 1549Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, English general and politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (b. 1508)
  • 1568Albert, Duke of Prussia (b. 1490)
  • 1619Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1557)
  • 1673Augustyn Kordecki, Polish monk (b. 1603)
  • 1688Maria of Orange-Nassau, Dutch princess (b. 1642)
  • 1730Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (b. 1692)
  • 1746Nicolas de Largillière, French painter and academic (b. 1656)
  • 1780Benjamin Truman, English brewer and businessman (b. 1699)
  • 1793William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1705)
  • 1835Louis Léopold Robert, French painter (b. 1794)
  • 1849James Justinian Morier, Turkish-English author and diplomat (b. 1780)
  • 1855Joseph Aspdin, English businessman (b. 1788)
  • 1865Yamanami Keisuke, Japanese samurai (b. 1833)
  • 1874Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer and conductor (b. 1810)
  • 1878Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1894Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian lawyer, journalist and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1897Apollon Maykov, Russian poet and playwright (b. 1821)
  • 1899Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist and author (b. 1822)
  • 1909Friedrich Amelung, Estonian historian and businessman (b. 1842)
  • 1918Lewis A. Grant, American general and lawyer (b. 1828)
  • 1925George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, English politician, 35th Governor-General of India (b. 1859)
  • 1929Ferdinand Foch, French field marshal (b. 1851)
  • 1930Arthur F. Andrews, American cyclist (b. 1876)
  • 1931Hermann Müller, German journalist and politician, 12th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1933Giuseppe Zangara, Italian-American assassin of Anton Cermak (b. 1900; executed)[11]
  • 1940Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)
  • 1945Dorothy Campbell, Scottish-American golfer (b. 1883)
  • 1946Amadeus William Grabau, American-Chinese geologist, paleontologist, and academic (b. 1870)
  • 1947Sigurd Wallén, Swedish actor and director (b. 1884)
  • 1952Hjalmar Väre, Finnish cyclist (b. 1892)
  • 1958Adegoke Adelabu, Nigerian merchant, journalist, and politician (b. 1915)
  • 1964Brendan Behan, Irish republican and playwright (b. 1923)
  • 1965Daniel Frank, American long jumper (b. 1882)
  • 1966Johnny Morrison, American baseball player (b. 1895)
  • 1968Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director and screenwriter (b. 1889)
  • 1969Henri Longchambon, French politician (b. 1896)
  • 1971Falih Rıfkı Atay, Turkish journalist and politician (b. 1894)
  • 1972Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1974Chet Huntley, American journalist (b. 1911)
  • 1977Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English politician, 9th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1909)
  • 1977Terukuni Manzō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 38th Yokozuna (b. 1919)
  • 1978Jacques Brugnon, French tennis player (b. 1895)
  • 1981Gerry Bertier, American football player (b. 1953)
  • 1983Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1891)
  • 1990Maurice Cloche, French director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Lev Yashin, Russian footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1992Georges Delerue, French composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993Polykarp Kusch, German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1994Lewis Grizzard, American writer and humorist (b. 1946)
  • 1997V. S. Pritchett, English short story writer, essayist, and critic (b. 1900)
  • 1999Patrick Heron, British painter (b. 1920)
  • 2000Gene Eugene, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1961)
  • 2001Luis Alvarado, Puerto Rican-American baseball player (b. 1949)
  • 2004Juliana of the Netherlands (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Pierre Sévigny, Canadian colonel and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2005Armand Lohikoski, American-Finnish director and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 2007Raynald Fréchette, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Taha Yassin Ramadan, Iraqi politician, Vice President of Iraq (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Hawa Yakubu, Ghanaian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2010Ai, American poet and academic (b. 1947)
  • 2010 – Girija Prasad Koirala, Indian-Nepalese politician, 30th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1924)
  • 2010 – Stewart Udall, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 37th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1920)
  • 2011Johnny Pearson, English pianist, conductor, and composer (b. 1925)
  • 2012Lincoln Hall, Australian mountaineer and author (b. 1955)
  • 2012 – Noboru Ishiguro, Japanese animator and director (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, Polish-Israeli rabbi and author (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Jim Stynes, Irish-Australian footballer (b. 1966)
  • 2013James Herbert, English author (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – George Lowe, New Zealand-English mountaineer and explorer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Zillur Rahman, Bangladeshi lawyer and politician, 19th President of Bangladesh (b. 1929)[12]
  • 2014Hennie Aucamp, South African poet, author, and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Hilderaldo Bellini, Brazilian footballer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Tonie Nathan, American politician (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Khushwant Singh, Indian journalist and author (b. 1915)
  • 2015Eva Burrows, Australian 13th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Malcolm Fraser, Australian politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1930)
  • 2016Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1922)
  • 2017David Rockefeller, American billionaire and philanthropist (b. 1915)
  • 2018C. K. Mann, a Ghanaian Highlife musician and producer (b. 1936)
  • 2019Mary Warnock, English philosopher & writer (b. 1924) [13]
  • 2020Kenny Rogers, American singer (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alexandra
    • Blessed John of Parma
    • Clement of Ireland
    • Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
    • Herbert of Derwentwater
    • John of Nepomuk
    • Józef Bilczewski
    • María Josefa Sancho de Guerra
    • Martin of Braga
    • Michele Carcano
    • Wulfram
    • March 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest date for the vernal equinox in the Northern hemisphere:
    • Bahá'í Naw-Rúz, started at sunset on March 20. The end of the 19-day sunrise-to-sunset fast. (Bahá'í Faith)
    • Chunfen (China)
    • Earth Equinox Day
    • International Astrology Day
    • New Year (Thelema)
    • Nowruz (Persian, Gilaki, Kurdish, Zoroastrians, and other Iranian people and countries with an Iranian influence)
    • Ostara in the northern hemisphere, Mabon in the southern hemisphere. (Neo-Druidic Wheel of the Year)
    • Shunbun no Hi (Japan)
    • Sun-Earth Day (United States)
    • Vernal Equinox Day/Kōreisai (Japan)
    • World Storytelling Day
  • Earliest day on which Good Friday can fall, while April 23 is the latest; celebrated on Friday before Easter. (Christianity)
  • Great American Meatout (United States)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Tunisia from France in 1956.
  • International Day of Happiness (United Nations)
  • International Francophonie Day (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie), and its related observances:
  • National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (United States)
  • World Sparrow Day

References

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  10. Madas, Edit (2001). "Boldog Csáki Móric élete [Life of Blessed Maurice Csák]". In Madas, Edit; Klaniczay, Gábor (eds.). Legendák és csodák (13–16. század). Szentek a magyar középkorból II (in Hungarian). Osiris Kiadó. pp. 331–341.
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External links

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