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  2021 (Friday)
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  2012 (Monday)

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Events

  • 1277 – The Byzantine–Venetian treaty of 1277 is concluded, stipulating a two-year truce and renewing Venetian commercial privileges in the Byzantine Empire.[1]
  • 1279 – A Mongol victory at the Battle of Yamen ends the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1284 – The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporates the Principality of Wales into England.[2]
  • 1563 – The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots.
  • 1649 – The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England".
  • 1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
  • 1812 – The Cortes of Cádiz promulgates the Spanish Constitution of 1812.
  • 1853 – The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864.
  • 1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
  • 1863 – The Template:SS, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines, and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000.
  • 1865American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later, Confederate forces had retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina.
  • 1885Louis Riel declares a provisional government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion.
  • 1895Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph.
  • 1918 – The US Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.
  • 1920 – The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919).
  • 1921Irish War of Independence: One of the biggest engagements of the war takes place at Crossbarry, County Cork. About 100 Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteers escape an attempt by over 1,300 British forces to encircle them.
  • 1931Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
  • 1932 – The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
  • 1943Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
  • 1944World War II: The German army occupies Hungary.
  • 1945 – World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier Template:Ship, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the US under her own power.
  • 1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities, and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.
  • 1946French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
  • 1954Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in colour.
  • 1954 – Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio, setting a record that remains unbroken.
  • 1958 – The Monarch Underwear Company fire leaves 24 dead and 15 injured.
  • 1962 – Highly influential artist Bob Dylan releases his first album, Bob Dylan, for Columbia Records.
  • 1962 – The Algerian War of Independence ends.
  • 1964 – Over 500,000 Brazilians attend the March of the Family with God for Liberty, in protest against the government of João Goulart and against communism.
  • 1965 – The wreck of the Template:SS, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after its destruction.
  • 19661965–66 Texas Western Miners men's basketball team wins the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament.
  • 1969 – The Script error: No such module "convert". TV-mast at Emley Moor transmitting station, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build-up.
  • 1979 – The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.
  • 1982Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the United Kingdom.
  • 1987 – Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns as head of the PTL Club due to a brewing sex scandal; he hands over control to Jerry Falwell.
  • 1989 – The Egyptian flag is raised at Taba, marking the end of Israeli occupation since the Six Days War in 1967 and the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1979.
  • 1990 – The ethnic clashes of Târgu Mureș begin four days after the anniversary of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire.
  • 1998 – An Ariana Afghan Airlines Boeing 727 crashes on approach to Kabul International Airport, killing all 45 on board.[3]
  • 2002Zimbabwe is suspended from the Commonwealth on charges of human rights abuses and of electoral fraud, following a turbulent presidential election.
  • 2004Catalina affair: A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 in 1952 over the Baltic Sea is finally recovered after years of work.
  • 2004 – March 19 Shooting Incident: The Republic of China(Taiwan) president Chen Shui-bian was shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
  • 2008GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye is briefly observed.
  • 2011Libyan Civil War: After the failure of Muammar Gaddafi's forces to take Benghazi, the French Air Force launches Opération Harmattan, beginning foreign military intervention in Libya.
  • 2013 – A series of bombings and shootings kills at least 98 people and injures 240 others across Iraq.
  • 2016Flydubai Flight 981 crashes while attempting to land at Rostov-on-Don international airport, killing all 62 on board.
  • 2016 – An explosion occurs in Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, killing five people and injuring 36.
  • 2018 – The last male northern white rhinoceros, Sudan, dies, ensuring a chance of extinction for the species.

Births

  • 1206Güyük Khan, Mongol ruler, 3rd Great Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1248)
  • 1434Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1443)
  • 1488Johannes Magnus, Swedish archbishop and theologian (d. 1544)
  • 1534José de Anchieta, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1597)
  • 1542Jan Zamoyski, Polish nobleman (d. 1605)
  • 1601Alonzo Cano, Spanish painter, sculptor, and architect (d. 1667)
  • 1604John IV of Portugal (d. 1656)
  • 1641Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi, Syrian author and scholar (d. 1731)
  • 1661Francesco Gasparini, Italian composer and educator (d. 1727)
  • 1684Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1721Tobias Smollett, Scottish-Italian poet and author (d. 1771) (baptised on this day)
  • 1734Thomas McKean, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1817)
  • 1739Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, French lawyer and politician (d. 1824)
  • 1742Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian rebel leader (d. 1781)
  • 1748Elias Hicks, American farmer, minister, and theologian (d. 1830)
  • 1778Edward Pakenham, Anglo-Irish general and politician (d. 1815)
  • 1809Fredrik Pacius, German composer and conductor (d. 1891)
  • 1813David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1816Johannes Verhulst, Dutch composer and conductor (d. 1891)
  • 1821Richard Francis Burton, English soldier, geographer, and diplomat (d. 1890)
  • 1823Arthur Blyth, English-Australian politician, 9th Premier of South Australia (d. 1891)
  • 1824William Allingham, Irish poet, author, and scholar (d. 1889)
  • 1829Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman (d. 1901)
  • 1844Minna Canth, Finnish journalist, playwright, and activist (d. 1897)
  • 1847Albert Pinkham Ryder, American painter (d. 1917)
  • 1848Wyatt Earp, American police officer (d. 1929)
  • 1849Alfred von Tirpitz, German admiral and politician (d. 1930)
  • 1858Kang Youwei, Chinese scholar and politician (d. 1927)
  • 1860William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and politician, 41st United States Secretary of State (d. 1925)
  • 1861Lomer Gouin, Canadian lawyer and politician, 13th Premier of Quebec (d. 1929)
  • 1864Charles Marion Russell, American painter and sculptor (d. 1926)
  • 1865William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, and academic (d. 1937)
  • 1868Senda Berenson Abbott, Lithuanian-American basketball player and educator (d. 1954)
  • 1871Schofield Haigh, English cricketer and coach (d. 1921)
  • 1872Anna Held, Polish singer (d. 1918)
  • 1873Max Reger, German pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1916)
  • 1875Zhang Zuolin, Chinese warlord (d. 1928)
  • 1876Felix Jacoby, German philologist (d. 1959)
  • 1880Ernestine Rose, American librarian and advocate (d. 1961) [4]
  • 1881Edith Nourse Rogers, American social worker and politician (d. 1960)
  • 1882Gaston Lachaise, French-American sculptor (d. 1935)
  • 1883Norman Haworth, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Joseph Stilwell, American general (d. 1946)
  • 1885Attik, Greek composer (d. 1944)
  • 1888Josef Albers, German-American painter and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1888 – Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (d. 1969)
  • 1891Earl Warren, American lieutenant, jurist, and politician, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1974)
  • 1892Theodore Sizer, American professor of the history of art (d. 1967)
  • 1892 – Ado Vabbe, Estonian painter (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – James Van Fleet, American general and diplomat (d. 1992)
  • 1894Moms Mabley, American comedian and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1900Carmen Carbonell, Spanish stage and film actress (d. 1988)[5]
  • 1900 – Frédéric Joliot-Curie, French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1901Jo Mielziner, French-American set designer (d. 1976)
  • 1904John Sirica, American lawyer and judge (d. 1992)
  • 1905Joe Rollino, American weightlifter and boxer (d. 2010)
  • 1905 – Albert Speer, German architect and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1906Adolf Eichmann, German SS officer (d. 1962)
  • 1906 – Clara Breed, American librarian and activist (d. 1994)
  • 1909Louis Hayward, South African-born American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Marjorie Linklater, Scottish campaigner for the arts and environment of Orkney (d. 1997)[6]
  • 1910Joseph Carroll, American general (d. 1991)
  • 1912Hugh Watt, Australian-New Zealand engineer and politician, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1980)
  • 1914Leonidas Alaoglu, Canadian-American mathematician and theorist (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Jay Berwanger, American football player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1915Robert G. Cole, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1944)
  • 1915 – Patricia Morison, American actress and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1916Eric Christmas, English-Canadian actor (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Irving Wallace, American journalist, author, and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1917Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
  • 1919Lennie Tristano, American pianist, composer, and educator (d. 1978)
  • 1920Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author, poet, and painter (d. 2002)
  • 1921Tommy Cooper, British magician and prop comedian (d. 1984)
  • 1922Guy Lewis, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Hiroo Onoda, Japanese lieutenant (d. 2014)
  • 1923Pamela Britton, American actress (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Benito Jacovitti, Italian illustrator (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Henry Morgentaler, Polish-Canadian physician and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1924Joe Gaetjens, Haitian footballer (d. 1964)
  • 1925Brent Scowcroft, American general and diplomat, 9th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2020)
  • 1927Richie Ashburn, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1997)
  • 1928Hans Küng, Swiss theologian and author
  • 1928 – Patrick McGoohan, Irish-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1931Emma Andijewska, Ukrainian poet, writer and painter
  • 1932Gay Brewer, American golfer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Peter Hall, English geographer, author, and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Gail Kobe, American actress and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1933Phyllis Newman, American actress and singer (d. 2019)
  • 1933 – Philip Roth, American novelist (d. 2018)
  • 1933 – Renée Taylor, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Richard Williams, Canadian-English animator, director, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1935Nancy Malone, American actress, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1936Ursula Andress, Swiss model and actress
  • 1936 – Ben Lexcen, Australian sailor and architect (d. 1988)
  • 1937Clarence "Frogman" Henry, American R&B singer and pianist
  • 1937 – Egon Krenz, German politician
  • 1938Joe Kapp, American football player, coach, and actor
  • 1942Heather Robertson, Canadian journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1943Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 – Mario Monti, Italian economist and politician, Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1943 – Vern Schuppan, Australian race car driver
  • 1944Said Musa, Belizean lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Belize
  • 1945John Holder, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1945 – Modestas Paulauskas, Lithuanian basketball player and coach
  • 1946Ruth Pointer, American musician[7]
  • 1947Glenn Close, American actress, singer, and producer
  • 1947 – Marinho Peres, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1948David Schnitter, American saxophonist and educator
  • 1949Blase J. Cupich, American theologian and cardinal
  • 1950José S. Palma, Filipino archbishop
  • 1952Warren Lees, New Zealand cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Martin Ravallion, Australian economist and academic
  • 1952 – Harvey Weinstein, American director and producer
  • 1953Ian Blair, English police officer
  • 1953 – Peter Hendy, English businessman
  • 1953 – Ricky Wilson, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1985)
  • 1954Cho Kwang-rae, South Korean footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1955Bruce Willis, German-American actor and producer
  • 1956Yegor Gaidar, Russian economist and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (d. 2009)
  • 1958Andy Reid, American football player and coach
  • 1960Eliane Elias, Brazilian singer-songwriter and pianist[8]
  • 1962Iván Calderón, Puerto Rican-American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1963Neil LaBute, American director and screenwriter[9]
  • 1964Yoko Kanno, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1964 – Jake Weber, English actor[10]
  • 1966Michael Crockart, Scottish police officer and politician
  • 1966 – Olaf Marschall, German footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Andy Sinton, English international footballer, midfielder and manager[11]
  • 1967Vladimir Konstantinov, Russian-American ice hockey player
  • 1968Tyrone Hill, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970Harald Johnsen, Norwegian bassist and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Michael Krumm, German race car driver
  • 1973Ashley Giles, English cricketer and coach
  • 1975Antonio Daniels, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Matthew Richardson, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1976Andre Miller, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Alessandro Nesta, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1978Cydonie Mothersille, Jamaican-Caymanian sprinter
  • 1979Sheldon Brown, American football player
  • 1979 – Hee-seop Choi, South Korean-American baseball player
  • 1979 – Ivan Ljubičić, Croatian tennis player
  • 1979 – Christos Patsatzoglou, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Hedo Türkoğlu, Turkish basketball player
  • 1980Luca Ferri, Italian footballer
  • 1980 – Taichi Ishikari, Japanese wrestler
  • 1980 – Mikuni Shimokawa, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1981Steve Cummings, English cyclist
  • 1981 – Kolo Touré, Ivorian footballer
  • 1982Jonathan Fanene, American football player
  • 1982 – Brad Jones, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Eduardo Saverin, Brazilian-Singaporean businessman
  • 1982 – Yoshikaze Masatsugu, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1985Inesa Jurevičiūtė, Lithuanian figure skater
  • 1986Tyler Bozak, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987Michal Švec, Czech footballer
  • 1987 – Miloš Teodosić, Serbian basketball player
  • 1988Clayton Kershaw, American baseball player
  • 1991Aleksandr Kokorin, Russian footballer
  • 1993Mateusz Szwoch, Polish footballer
  • 1993 – Hakim Ziyech, Moroccan footballer
  • 1995Alexei Sintsov, Russian figure skater
  • 1995 – Héctor Bellerín, Spanish footballer
  • 1996Barbara Haas, Austrian tennis player

Deaths

  • 235Severus Alexander, Roman emperor (b. 208)
  • 953al-Mansur bi-Nasr Allah, caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate (b. 913)
  • 968Emma of Paris, duchess of Normandy (b. 943)
  • 1238Henry the Bearded, Polish duke and son of Bolesław I the Tall (b. 1163)
  • 1263Hugh of Saint-Cher, French cardinal (b. 1200)
  • 1279Zhao Bing, Chinese emperor (b. 1271)
  • 1286Alexander III, king of Scotland (b. 1241)
  • 1330Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (b. 1301)
  • 1372John II, marquess of Montferrat (b. 1321)
  • 1533John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners, English baron and statesman (b. 1467)
  • 1534Michael Weiße, German theologian (b. c. 1488)
  • 1539Lord Edmund Howard, English nobleman (b. c. 1478)
  • 1563Arthur Brooke, English poet
  • 1568Elizabeth Seymour, Lady Cromwell, English noblewoman (b.c. 1518)
  • 1581Francis I, duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (b. 1510)
  • 1612Sophia Olelkovich Radziwill, Belarusian saint (b. 1585)
  • 1637Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal (b. 1570)
  • 1649Gerhard Johann Vossius, German scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
  • 1683Thomas Killigrew, English playwright and manager (b. 1612)
  • 1687René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, French-American explorer (b. 1643)
  • 1697Nicolaus Bruhns, German organist and composer (b. 1665)
  • 1711Thomas Ken, English bishop and hymn-writer (b. 1637)
  • 1717John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish soldier (b. 1636)
  • 1721Pope Clement XI (b. 1649)
  • 1783Frederick Cornwallis, English archbishop (b. 1713)
  • 1790Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha, Ottoman general and politician, 182nd Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1713)
  • 1797Philip Hayes, English organist and composer (b. 1738)
  • 1816Philip Mazzei, Italian-American physician and philosopher (b. 1730)
  • 1871Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist, geologist, and physicist (b. 1795)
  • 1897Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, Irish-French geographer, ethnologist, linguist, and astronomer (b. 1810)
  • 1900John Bingham, American lawyer and politician, 7th United States Ambassador to Japan (b. 1815)
  • 1900 – Charles-Louis Hanon, French pianist and composer (b. 1819)
  • 1914Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian priest, geologist, and volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • 1919Emma Bell Miles, American writer, poet, and artist of Appalachia (b. 1879)
  • 1930Arthur Balfour, Scottish-English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
  • 1930 – Henry Lefroy, Australian politician, 11th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1854)
  • 1942Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist, ornithologist, and entomologist (b. 1855)
  • 1944William Hale Thompson, American rancher and politician, 41st Mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • 1949James Somerville, English admiral and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Somerset (b. 1882)
  • 1949 – James Newland, Australian soldier and policeman (b. 1881)[12]
  • 1950Edgar Rice Burroughs, American soldier and author (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Norman Haworth, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1883)
  • 1951Dmytro Doroshenko, Ukrainian historian and politician, Prime Minister of Ukraine (b. 1882)
  • 1976Albert Dieudonné, French actor and author (b. 1889)
  • 1976 – Paul Kossoff, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 1977William L. Laurence, Lithuanian-born American journalist and author (b. 1888)
  • 1978M. A. Ayyangar, Indian lawyer and politician, 2nd Speaker of the Lok Sabha (b. 1891)
  • 1982J. B. Kripalani, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1982 – Randy Rhoads, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1956)
  • 1984Garry Winogrand, American photographer (b. 1928)
  • 1986Sabino Barinaga, Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1922)
  • 1987Louis de Broglie, French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1988Bun Cook, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1904)
  • 1990Andrew Wood, American singer-songwriter (b. 1966)
  • 1993Henrik Sandberg, Danish production manager and producer (b. 1915)
  • 1996Lise Østergaard, Danish psychologist and politician (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Virginia Henderson, American nurse, researcher, theorist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1997Willem de Kooning, Dutch-American painter and educator (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – Eugène Guillevic, French poet and author (b. 1907)
  • 1998E. M. S. Namboodiripad, Indian theorist and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Kerala (b. 1909)
  • 1999Tofilau Eti Alesana, Samoan politician, 5th Prime Minister of Samoa (b. 1924)
  • 2000Joanne Weaver, American baseball player (b. 1935)
  • 2000 – Shafiq-ur-Rahman, Pakistani physician and author (b. 1920)
  • 2003Michael Mathias Prechtl, German soldier and illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2004Mitchell Sharp, Canadian economist and politician, 23rd Canadian Minister of Finance (b. 1911)
  • 2005John DeLorean, American engineer and businessman, founded the DeLorean Motor Company (b. 1925)
  • 2008Arthur C. Clarke, British science fiction writer (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Hugo Claus, Belgian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1929)
  • 2008 – Paul Scofield, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 2009Maria Bergson, Austrian-American architect and interior designer (b. 1914)
  • 2011Kym Bonython, Australian drummer and radio host (b. 1920)
  • 2012Jim Case, American director and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Ulu Grosbard, Belgian-American director and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Hugo Munthe-Kaas, Norwegian intelligence agent (b. 1922)
  • 2014Patrick Joseph McGovern, American businessman, founded IDG (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Fred Phelps, American lawyer, pastor, and activist, founded the Westboro Baptist Church (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Heather Robertson, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Robert S. Strauss, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Lawrence Walsh, Canadian-American lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1912)
  • 2014 – Joseph F. Weis, Jr., American lawyer and judge (b. 1923)
  • 2015Gus Douglass, American farmer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Safet Plakalo, Bosnian author and playwright (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Danny Schechter, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2016Roger Agnelli, Brazilian banker and businessman (b. 1959)
  • 2016 – Jack Mansell, English footballer and manager (b. 1927)
  • 2019William Whitfield, British architect (b. 1920) [13]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alkmund of Derby
    • Saint Joseph (Western Christianity; if this date falls on Sunday, the feast is moved to Monday March 20)
    • March 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Maundy Thursday can fall, while April 22 is the latest; celebrated on Thursday before Easter (Christianity)
  • Minna Canth's Birthday (Finland)
  • Kashubian Unity Day (Poland)
  • St Joseph's Day (Roman Catholicism and Anglican Communion) related observances:
    • Falles, celebrated on the week leading to March 19 (Valencia)
    • Father's Day (Spain, Portugal, Italy, Honduras, and Bolivia)
    • "Return of the Swallow", annual observance of the swallows' return to Mission San Juan Capistrano in California

References

  1. Template:Byzantium and Venice: A Study in Diplomatic and Cultural Relations
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  8. Eliane Elias biography, BrowseBiography.com, 20 November 2011; retrieved 10 September 2014.
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  12. Template:Australian Dictionary of Biography
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External links

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