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2021

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  2021 (Friday)
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Events

  • 538Vitiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Byzantine general, Belisarius.[1]
  • 1622Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier, founders of the Society of Jesus, are canonized by the Roman Catholic Church.[2]
  • 1689James II of England landed at Kinsale, starting the Williamite War in Ireland.[3]
  • 1811Peninsular War: A day after a successful rearguard action, French Marshal Michel Ney once again successfully delays the pursuing Anglo-Portuguese force at the Battle of Redinha.[4]
  • 1912 – The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States.[5]
  • 1913 – The future capital of Australia is officially named Canberra.[6]
  • 1918Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for most of the period since 1713.[7]
  • 1920 – The Kapp Putsch begins when the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt is ordered to march on Berlin.[8]
  • 1928 – In California, the St. Francis Dam fails; the resulting floods kill 431 people.[9]
  • 1930Mahatma Gandhi begins the Salt March, a 200-mile march to the sea to protest the British monopoly on salt in India.[10]
  • 1933Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his "fireside chats".[5]
  • 1938Anschluss: German troops occupy and absorb Austria.[11]
  • 1940Winter War: Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia.[12]
  • 1942 – The Battle of Java ends with the surrender of the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command to the Japanese Empire in Bandung, West Java, Dutch East Indies.[13]
  • 1947Cold War: The Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.[14]
  • 1950 – The Llandow air disaster kills 80 people when the aircraft they are travelling in crashes near Sigingstone, Wales. At the time this was the world's deadliest air disaster.[15]
  • 1967Suharto takes power from Sukarno when the People's Consultative Assembly inaugurate him as Acting President of Indonesia.[16]
  • 1968Mauritius achieves independence from the United Kingdom.[17]
  • 1971 – The 1971 Turkish military memorandum is sent to the Süleyman Demirel government of Turkey and the government resigns.[18]
  • 1989Sir Tim Berners-Lee submits his proposal to CERN for an information management system, which subsequently develops into the world wide web.[19]
  • 1992Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.[20]
  • 1993 – Several bombs explode in Mumbai, India, killing about 300 people and injuring hundreds more.[21]
  • 1993 – North Korea announces that it will withdraw from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and refuses to allow inspectors access to its nuclear sites.[22]
  • 1999 – Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.[23]
  • 2003Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.[24]
  • 2003 – The World Health Organization officially release a global warning of outbreaks of Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).[25]
  • 2004 – The President of South Korea, Roh Moo-hyun, is impeached by its National Assembly: the first such impeachment in the nation's history.[26]
  • 2009 – Financier Bernard Madoff pleads guilty to one of the largest frauds in Wall Street's history.[27]
  • 2011 – A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[28]
  • 2014 – A gas explosion in the New York City neighborhood of East Harlem kills eight and injures 70 others.[29]
  • 2019 – In the House of Commons, the revised EU Withdrawal Bill was rejected by a margin of 149 votes.[30]

Births

  • 1270Charles, Count of Valois (d. 1325)[31]
  • 1515Caspar Othmayr, German Lutheran pastor and composer (d. 1553)[32]
  • 1607Paul Gerhardt, German poet and composer (d. 1676)[33]
  • 1613André Le Nôtre, French gardener and architect (d. 1700)[34]
  • 1626John Aubrey, English historian and philosopher (d. 1697)[35]
  • 1637Anne Hyde, Duchess of York and Albany (d. 1671)[36]
  • 1672Richard Steele, Irish-Welsh journalist and politician (d. 1729)[37]
  • 1685George Berkeley, Irish bishop and philosopher (d. 1753)[38]
  • 1710Thomas Arne, English composer (d. 1778)[39]
  • 1735François-Emmanuel Guignard, comte de Saint-Priest, French politician and diplomat (d. 1821)[40]
  • 1753Jean Denis, French politician, lawyer, jurist, journalist, and historian (d. 1827)[41]
  • 1766Claudius Buchanan, Scottish theologian (d. 1815)[42]
  • 1781Frederica of Baden, Queen consort to Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1826)[43]
  • 1784William Buckland, English geologist and paleontologist; Dean of Westminster (d. 1856)[44]
  • 1795William Lyon Mackenzie, Scottish-Canadian journalist and politician, 1st Mayor of Toronto (d. 1861)[45]
  • 1795 – George Tyler Wood, American military officer and politician (d. 1858)[46]
  • 1806Jane Pierce, American wife of Franklin Pierce, 15th First Lady of the United States (d. 1863)[47]
  • 1807James Abbott, Indian Army officer (d. 1896)[48]
  • 1815Louis-Jules Trochu, French military leader and politician (d. 1896)[49]
  • 1821John Abbott, Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1893)[50]
  • 1821 – Medo Pucić, Croatian writer and politician (d. 1882)[51]
  • 1823Katsu Kaishū, Japanese statesman (d. 1899)[52]
  • 1824Gustav Kirchhoff, Russian-German physicist and academic (d. 1887)[53]
  • 1832Charles Boycott, English farmer and agent (d. 1897)[54]
  • 1834Hilary A. Herbert, Secretary of the Navy (d. 1919)[55]
  • 1835Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1909)[5]
  • 1837Alexandre Guilmant, French organist and composer (d. 1911)[56]
  • 1838William Henry Perkin, English chemist and academic (d. 1907)[57]
  • 1843Gabriel Tarde, French sociologist and criminologist (d. 1904)[58]
  • 1855Eduard Birnbaum, Polish-born German cantor (d. 1920)[59]
  • 1857William V. Ranous, American actor and director (d. 1915)[60]
  • 1858Adolph Ochs, American publisher (d. 1935)[61]
  • 1859Ernesto Cesàro, Italian mathematician (d. 1906)[62]
  • 1860Eric Stenbock, Estonian poet and author (d. 1895)[63]
  • 1863Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian soldier, journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1938)[64]
  • 1863 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian and Ukrainian mineralogist and chemist (d. 1945)[65]
  • 1864W. H. R. Rivers, English anthropologist, neurologist, ethnologist, and psychiatrist (d. 1922)[66]
  • 1869George Forbes, New Zealand politician, 22nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1947)[67]
  • 1874Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer (d. 1949)[68]
  • 1877Wilhelm Frick, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 1946)[69]
  • 1878Gemma Galgani, Italian mystic and saint (d. 1903)[70]
  • 1880Henry Drysdale Dakin, English-American chemist and academic (d. 1952)[71]
  • 1881Väinö Tanner, Finnish politician of Social Democratic Party of Finland (d. 1966)[72]
  • 1882Carlos Blanco Galindo, Bolivian politician (d. 1943)[73]
  • 1883Sándor Jávorka, Hungarian botanist (d. 1961)[74]
  • 1888Walter Hermann Bucher, German-American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1965)[75]
  • 1888 – Hans Knappertsbusch, German conductor (d. 1965)[76]
  • 1890Evert Taube, Swedish singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1976)[77]
  • 1896Jesse Fuller, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1976)[78]
  • 1898Tian Han, Chinese playwright (d. 1968)[79]
  • 1898 – Luitpold Steidle, German army officer and politician (d. 1984)[80]
  • 1899Ramón Muttis, Argentine footballer (d. 1955)[81]
  • 1900Rinus van den Berge, Dutch athlete (d. 1972)[82]
  • 1900 – Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, 19th President of Colombia (d. 1975)[83]
  • 1904Lyudmila Keldysh, Russian mathematician (d. 1976)[84]
  • 1905Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (d. 1982)[85]
  • 1907Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer and academic (d. 2007)[86]
  • 1908Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)[87]
  • 1908 – David Marshall, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Singapore (d. 1995)[88]
  • 1909Petras Cvirka, Lithuanian author (d. 1947)[89]
  • 1910Masayoshi Ōhira, Japanese politician, 68th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)[90]
  • 1910 – László Lékai, Archbishop of Esztergom and Cardinal (d. 1986)[91]
  • 1911Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Mexican academic and politician, 49th President of Mexico (d. 1979)[92]
  • 1912Willie Hall, English international footballer (d. 1967)[93]
  • 1912 – Irving Layton, Romanian-Canadian poet and academic (d. 2006)[94]
  • 1913Yashwantrao Chavan, Indian politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)[95]
  • 1913 – Agathe von Trapp, Hungarian-American singer and author (d. 2010)[96]
  • 1915Alberto Burri, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1995)[97]
  • 1915 – Jiří Mucha, Czech journalist (d. 1991)[98]
  • 1917Leonard Chess, American record company executive, co-founder of Chess Records (d. 1969)[99]
  • 1917 – Millard Kaufman, American author and screenwriter (d. 2009)[100]
  • 1917 – Googie Withers, Indian-Australian actress (d. 2011)[101]
  • 1918Pádraig Faulkner, Irish Fianna Fáil politician (d. 2012)[102]
  • 1918 – Elaine de Kooning, American painter and academic (d. 1989)[103]
  • 1921Gianni Agnelli, Italian businessman (d. 2001)[101]
  • 1921 – Gordon MacRae, American actor and singer (d. 1986)[104]
  • 1922Jack Kerouac, American author and poet (d. 1969)[5]
  • 1922 – Lane Kirkland, American sailor and union leader (d. 1999)[105]
  • 1923Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater and cyclist (d. 2013)[106]
  • 1923 – Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (d. 2005)[101]
  • 1923 – Wally Schirra, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2007)[5]
  • 1923 – Mae Young, American wrestler (d. 2014)[107]
  • 1925Leo Esaki, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate[108]
  • 1925 – Harry Harrison, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)[109]
  • 1926George Ariyoshi, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Hawaii[110]
  • 1926 – Arthur A. Hartman, American career diplomat (d. 2015)[111]
  • 1926 – John Clellon Holmes, American author and professor (d. 1988)[112]
  • 1926 – David Nadien, American violinist (d. 2014)[113]
  • 1927Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 46th President of Argentina (d. 2009)[114]
  • 1927 – Emmett Leith, professor of electrical engineering and co-inventor of three-dimensional holography (d. 2005)[115]
  • 1927 – Sudharmono, 5th Vice President of Indonesia (d. 2006)[116]
  • 1928Edward Albee, American director and playwright (d. 2016)[101]
  • 1929Win Tin, Burmese journalist and politician, co-founded the National League for Democracy (d. 2014)[117]
  • 1930Antony Acland, British former diplomat and Provost of Eton College[101]
  • 1931Józef Tischner, Polish priest and philosopher (d. 2000)[118]
  • 1932Bob Houbregs, Canadian basketball player (d. 2014)[119]
  • 1932 – Andrew Young, American pastor and politician, 14th United States Ambassador to the United Nations[5]
  • 1933Myrna Fahey, American actress (d. 1973)[120]
  • 1933 – Barbara Feldon, American actress[121]
  • 1934Francisco J. Ayala, Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher[122]
  • 1936Virginia Hamilton, American children's books author (d. 2002)[123]
  • 1936 – Michał Heller, Polish professor of philosophy[124]
  • 1936 – Eddie Sutton, American basketball player and coach[125]
  • 1937Zoltán Horvath, Hungarian sabre fencer[126]
  • 1937 – Zurab Sotkilava, Georgian operatic tenor (d. 2017)[127]
  • 1938Vladimir Msryan, Armenian actor, (d. 2010)[128]
  • 1938 – Johnny Rutherford, American race car driver and sportscaster[129]
  • 1938 – Juan Horacio Suárez, Argentine bishop[130]
  • 1938 – Ron Tutt, American drummer[131]
  • 1940Al Jarreau, American singer (d. 2017)[132]
  • 1941Josip Skoblar, former Croatian footballer[133]
  • 1942Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player (d. 2020)[134]
  • 1943Ratko Mladić, Serbian general[135]
  • 1944Erwin Mueller, former American basketball player (d. 2018)[136]
  • 1945Anne Summers, Australian feminist writer, editor, publisher and public servant[137]
  • 1946Dean Cundey, American cinematographer and film director[138]
  • 1946 – Liza Minnelli, American actress, singer and dancer[121]
  • 1946 – Frank Welker, American voice actor and singer[139]
  • 1947Peter Harry Carstensen, German educator and politician[140]
  • 1947 – Jan-Erik Enestam, Finland-Swedish politician[141]
  • 1947 – David Rigert, Soviet Olympic weightlifter[142]
  • 1947 – Mitt Romney, American businessman and politician, 70th Governor of Massachusetts[5]
  • 1948Virginia Bottomley, Scottish social worker and politician, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport[143]
  • 1948 – Kent Conrad, American politician[144]
  • 1948 – James Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist[121]
  • 1949Rob Cohen, American director, producer, and screenwriter[5]
  • 1949 – David Mellor, British politician[101]
  • 1950Javier Clemente, Spanish footballer and manager[145]
  • 1952André Comte-Sponville, French philosopher[146]
  • 1952 – Yasuhiko Okudera, former Japanese footballer[147]
  • 1952 – John Mitchell, English footballer, forward[148]
  • 1953Pavel Pinigin, former Soviet wrestler and Olympic champion[149]
  • 1954Anish Kapoor, Indian-English sculptor[150]
  • 1956Ove Aunli, former Norwegian cross-country skier[151]
  • 1956 – Stanisław Bobak, Polish ski jumper (d. 2010)[152]
  • 1956 – Steve Harris, English bass player and songwriter[121]
  • 1956 – Lesley Manville, English actress[121]
  • 1956 – Dale Murphy, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster[5]
  • 1956 – Pim Verbeek, Dutch football manager (d. 2019)[153]
  • 1957Patrick Battiston, French footballer and coach[154]
  • 1957 – Marlon Jackson, American singer-songwriter and dancer[121]
  • 1957 – Andrey Lopatov, Soviet basketball player[155]
  • 1958Phil Anderson, English-Australian cyclist[156]
  • 1959Milorad Dodik, Bosnian Serb politician and president of Republika Srpska[157]
  • 1959 – Luenell, American comedian and actress[158]
  • 1959 – Michael Walter, German luger (d. 2016)[159]
  • 1960Jason Beghe, American actor[121]
  • 1960 – Courtney B. Vance, American actor and painter[121]
  • 1961Titus Welliver, American actor[121]
  • 1962Julia Campbell, American actress[121]
  • 1962 – Andreas Köpke, former German footballer[160]
  • 1962 – Chris Sanders, American illustrator and voice actor[161]
  • 1962 – Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player and minister[5]
  • 1963John Andretti, American race car driver (d. 2020)[162]
  • 1963 – Candy Costie, American swimmer[163]
  • 1963 – Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner and coach[164]
  • 1963 – Reiner Gies, German boxer[165]
  • 1963 – Ian Holloway, English footballer and manager[166]
  • 1963 – Paul Way, English golfer[167]
  • 1964Dieter Eckstein, retired German footballer[168]
  • 1964 – Umirzak Shukeyev, Kazakh chairman of Samruk-Kazyna[169]
  • 1965Steve Finley, American baseball player[170]
  • 1965 – Ivari Padar, former Minister of Finance and Minister of Agriculture of the Estonian Social Democratic Party[171]
  • 1966David Daniels, American countertenor[5]
  • 1966 – Grant Long, American basketball player and sportscaster[172]
  • 1967Julio Dely Valdés, Panamanian footballer and manager[173]
  • 1968Tammy Duckworth, Thai-American colonel, pilot, and politician[174]
  • 1968 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor and producer[121]
  • 1969Graham Coxon, English singer-songwriter and guitarist[175]
  • 1969 – Jake Tapper, American journalist and author[5]
  • 1970Karen Bradley, British politician[176]
  • 1970 – Dave Eggers, American author and screenwriter[177][178]
  • 1970 – Mathias Grönberg, Swedish golfer[179]
  • 1970 – Rex Walters, American basketball player and coach[180]
  • 1971Isaiah Rider, American basketball player and rapper[181]
  • 1971 – Dragutin Topić, Serbian high jumper[182]
  • 1972Doron Sheffer, Israeli basketball player[183]
  • 1974Charles Akonnor, former Ghanaian footballer[184]
  • 1974 – Walid Badir, former Israeli footballer[185]
  • 1974 – Steve Price, Australian rugby league player[186]
  • 1975Nicolae Grigore, former Romanian footballer[187]
  • 1975 – Edgaras Jankauskas, former Lithuanian footballer[188]
  • 1975 – Srđan Pecelj, Bosnian footballer[189]
  • 1976Deron Quint, American ice hockey defenseman[190]
  • 1976 – Zhao Wei, Chinese actress, film director, producer and pop singer[191]
  • 1977Michelle Burgher, track and field athlete[192]
  • 1977 – Ramiro Corrales, American soccer player[193]
  • 1977 – Amdy Faye, former Senegalese footballer[194]
  • 1977 – Brent Johnson, American ice hockey player[195]
  • 1978Casey Mears, American race car driver[196]
  • 1978 – Marco Ferreira, Portuguese footballer[197]
  • 1978 – Arina Tanemura, Japanese author and illustrator[198]
  • 1979Rhys Coiro, American actor[121]
  • 1979 – Pete Doherty, English musician, songwriter, actor, poet, writer, and artist[199]
  • 1979 – Jamie Dwyer, Australian field hockey player and coach[200]
  • 1979 – Gerard López, former Spanish footballer[201]
  • 1979 – Ben Sandford, New Zealand skeleton racer[202]
  • 1979 – Tim Wieskötter, German sprint canoer[203]
  • 1979 – Edwin Villafuerte, Ecuadorian goalkeeper[204]
  • 1980Césinha, Brazilian footballer[205]
  • 1980 – Becky Holliday, American pole vaulter[206]
  • 1980 – Jens Mouris, Dutch cyclist[207]
  • 1980 – Douglas Murray, Swedish ice hockey player[208]
  • 1981Kenta Kobayashi, Japanese wrestler and kick-boxer[209]
  • 1981 – Katarina Srebotnik, Slovenian tennis player[210]
  • 1981 – Holly Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist[211]
  • 1982Lili Bordán, Hungarian-American actress[212]
  • 1982 – Samm Levine, American actor and comedian[121]
  • 1982 – Ilya Nikulin, Russian ice hockey player[213]
  • 1982 – Hisato Satō, Japanese footballer[214]
  • 1982 – Yūto Satō, Japanese footballer[215]
  • 1982 – Tobias Schweinsteiger, German footballer[216]
  • 1983Atif Aslam, Pakistani singer and actor[217]
  • 1984Shreya Ghoshal, Indian singer[218]
  • 1984 – Jaimie Alexander, American actress[219]
  • 1985Marco Bonanomi, Italian racing driver[220]
  • 1985 – Aleksandr Bukharov, Russian footballer[221]
  • 1985 – Ed Clancy, English track and road cyclist[222]
  • 1985 – Andriy Tovt, Ukrainian footballer[223]
  • 1986Martynas Andriuškevičius, Lithuanian basketball player[224]
  • 1986 – Oleh Dopilka, Ukrainian footballer[225]
  • 1986 – Danny Jones, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor[226]
  • 1986 – Ben Offereins, Australian runner[227]
  • 1986 – František Rajtoral, Czech footballer (d. 2017)[228][229]
  • 1987Manuele Boaro, Italian cyclist[230]
  • 1987 – Jessica Hardy, American swimmer[231]
  • 1987 – Maxwell Holt, American volleyball player[232]
  • 1987 – Teimour Radjabov, Azerbaijani chess player[233]
  • 1987 – Chris Seitz, American soccer player[234]
  • 1987 – Vadim Shipachyov, Russian ice hockey player[235]
  • 1987 – Pablo Velázquez, Paraguayan footballer[236]
  • 1988Sebastian Brendel, German canoe racer[237]
  • 1988 – Kostas Mitroglou, Greek footballer[238]
  • 1988 – Cristian Chagas Tarouco, Brazilian footballer[239]
  • 1989Jordan Adéoti, French footballer[240]
  • 1989 – Vytautas Černiauskas, Lithuanian footballer[241]
  • 1989 – Tyler Clary, former American swimmer[242]
  • 1989 – Richard Eckersley, English footballer[243]
  • 1989 – Chen Jianghua, Chinese basketball player[244]
  • 1989 – Siim Luts, Estonian footballer[245]
  • 1989 – Gareth Widdop, English rugby league player[246]
  • 1990Alexander Kröckel, German skeleton racer[247]
  • 1990 – Irakli Kvekveskiri, Georgian footballer[248]
  • 1990 – Dawid Kubacki, Polish ski jumper[249]
  • 1990 – Matias Myttynen, Finnish ice hockey player[250]
  • 1990 – Ilija Nestorovski, Macedonian footballer[251]
  • 1990 – Milena Raičević, Montenegrin handballer[252]
  • 1990 – Mikko Sumusalo, Finnish footballer[253]
  • 1991Felix Kroos, German footballer[254]
  • 1991 – Niclas Heimann, German footballer[255]
  • 1991 – Leandro Fernandez, Argentine footballer[256]
  • 1992Daniele Baselli, Italian footballer[257]
  • 1992 – Jordan Ferri, French footballer[258]
  • 1992 – Ciara Mageean, Irish middle-distance runner[259]
  • 1992 – Jiří Skalák, Czech footballer[260]
  • 1993Shehu Abdullahi, Nigerian footballer[261]
  • 1993 – Amjad Attwan, Iraqi footballer[262]
  • 1993 – Anton Shramchenko, Belarusian footballer[263]
  • 1994Katie Archibald, Scottish track cyclist[264]
  • 1994 – Jerami Grant, American basketball player[265]
  • 1994 – Christina Grimmie, American singer-songwriter (d. 2016)[266]
  • 1996Sehrou Guirassy, French footballer[267]
  • 1996 – Karim Hafez, Egyptian footballer[268]
  • 1996 – Robert Murić, Croatian footballer[269]
  • 1997Dean Henderson, English footballer[270]
  • 1997 – Allan Saint-Maximin, French footballer[271]
  • 1997 – Felipe Vizeu, Brazilian footballer[272]
  • 1998Mecole Hardman, American football player[273]
  • 1998 – Daniel Samohin, Israeli figure skater[274]
  • 1998 – Elizaveta Ukolova, Czech figure skater[275]

Deaths

  • 417Innocent I, pope of the Catholic Church[276]
  • 604Gregory I, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 540)[277]
  • 1022Symeon the New Theologian (b. 949)[278]
  • 1316Stefan Dragutin (b. c. 1244)[279]
  • 1539Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English diplomat and politician (b.1477)[280]
  • 1648Tirso de Molina, Spanish monk and poet (b. 1571)[281]
  • 1699Peder Griffenfeld, Danish politician (b. 1635)[282]
  • 1898Zachris Topelius, Finnish-Swedish journalist, historian, and author (b. 1818)[283]
  • 1916Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian author (b. 1830)[284]
  • 1925Sun Yat-sen, Chinese physician and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (b. 1866)[285]
  • 1929Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman and politician, 44th Mayor of Atlanta (b. 1851)[286]
  • 1935Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (b. 1858)[287]
  • 1942William Henry Bragg, English physicist, chemist, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)[288]
  • 1943Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)[289]
  • 1946Ferenc Szálasi, Hungarian soldier and politician, Head of State of Hungary (b. 1897)[290]
  • 1949Wilhelm Steinkopf, German chemist (b. 1879)[291]
  • 1954Marianne Weber, German sociologist and suffragist (b. 1870)[292]
  • 1955Charlie Parker, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1920)[293]
  • 1955 – Theodor Plievier, German author best known for his anti-war novel (b. 1892)[294]
  • 1957Josephine Hull, American actress (b. 1877)[295]
  • 1971Eugene Lindsay Opie, American physician and pathologist (b. 1873)[296]
  • 1973Frankie Frisch, American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)[297]
  • 1974George D. Sax, American banker and businessman (b. 1904)[298]
  • 1985Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (b. 1899)[299]
  • 1989Maurice Evans, English-American actor (b. 1901)[300]
  • 1991Ragnar Granit, Finnish-Swedish neuroscientist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)[301]
  • 1991 – William Heinesen, Faroese author, poet, and author (b. 1900)[302]
  • 1992Lucy M. Lewis, American potter (b. 1890)[303]
  • 1998Beatrice Wood, American painter and potter (b. 1893)[304]
  • 1999Yehudi Menuhin, American-Swiss violinist and conductor (b. 1916)[305]
  • 1999 – Bidu Sayão, Brazilian-American soprano (b. 1902)[306]
  • 2000Aleksandar Nikolić, Yugoslav basketball coach (b. 1924)[307]
  • 2001Morton Downey Jr., American singer-songwriter, actor, and talk show host (b. 1933)[308]
  • 2001 – Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)[309]
  • 2001 – Victor Westhoff, Dutch botanist and academic (b. 1916)[310]
  • 2002Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Cyprus (b. 1932)[311]
  • 2002 – Jean-Paul Riopelle, Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1923)[312]
  • 2003Zoran Đinđić, Serbian philosopher and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1952)[313]
  • 2003 – Howard Fast, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1914)[314]
  • 2003 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress and singer (b. 1948)[315]
  • 2004Milton Resnick, Russian-American painter (b. 1917)[316]
  • 2006Victor Sokolov, Russian-American priest and journalist (b. 1947)[317]
  • 2008Jorge Guinzburg, Argentinian journalist and producer (b. 1949)[318]
  • 2008 – Lazare Ponticelli, Italian-French soldier and supercentenarian (b. 1897)[319]
  • 2010Miguel Delibes, Spanish journalist and author (b. 1920)[320]
  • 2011Nilla Pizzi, Italian singer (b. 1919)[321]
  • 2012Dick Harter, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)[322]
  • 2012 – Michael Hossack, American drummer (b. 1946)[323]
  • 2012 – Friedhelm Konietzka, German-Swiss footballer and manager (b. 1938)[324]
  • 2013Clive Burr, English drummer and songwriter (b. 1957)[325]
  • 2013 – Michael Grigsby, English director and producer (b. 1936)[326]
  • 2013 – Ganesh Pyne, Indian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)[327]
  • 2014Věra Chytilová, Czech actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)[328]
  • 2014 – Paul C. Donnelly, American scientist and engineer (b. 1923)[329]
  • 2014 – José Policarpo, Portuguese cardinal (b. 1936)[330]
  • 2015Willie Barrow, American minister and activist (b. 1924)[331]
  • 2015 – Michael Graves, American architect and academic, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building (b. 1934)[332]
  • 2015 – Ada Jafri, Pakistani poet and author (b. 1924)[333]
  • 2015 – Terry Pratchett, English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1948)[334]
  • 2016Rafiq Azad, Bangladeshi poet and author (b. 1942)[335]
  • 2016 – Felix Ibru, Nigerian architect and politician, Governor of Delta State (b. 1935)[336]
  • 2016 – Lloyd Shapley, American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)[337]

Holidays and observances

  • Arbor Day (China)[338]
  • Arbor Day (Taiwan)[339]
  • Aztec New Year[340]
  • Christian feast day:
    • Alphege[341]
    • Bernard of Carinola (or of Capua)[342]
    • Gorgonius, Peter Cubicularius and Dorotheus of Nicomedia[343]
    • Mura (McFeredach)[344]
    • Fina[343]
    • Maximilian of Tebessa[343]
    • Paul Aurelian[345]
    • Pope Gregory I (Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Catholic Church, and Anglican Communion)[346]
    • Theophanes the Confessor[347]
    • March 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • National Day (Mauritius)[348]
  • World Day Against Cyber Censorship[349]
  • Youth Day (Zambia)[350]

References

  1. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  12. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  13. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  14. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  15. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  16. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  17. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  18. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  19. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  20. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  21. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  22. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  23. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  24. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  25. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  26. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  27. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  28. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  29. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  30. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  31. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  32. Template:NDB
  33. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  34. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  35. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  36. Template:Cite DNB
  37. Template:Cite ODNB
  38. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  39. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  40. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  41. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  42. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  43. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  44. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  45. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  46. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  47. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  48. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  49. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  50. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  51. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  52. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  53. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  54. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  55. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  56. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  57. Template:Cite ODNB
  58. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  59. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  60. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  61. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  62. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  63. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  64. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  65. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  66. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  67. https://nzhistory.govt.nz/keyword/george-forbes
  68. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  69. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  70. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  71. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  72. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  73. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  74. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  75. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  76. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  77. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  78. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  79. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  80. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  81. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  82. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  83. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  84. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  85. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  86. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  87. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  88. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  89. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  90. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  91. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  92. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  93. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  94. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  95. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  96. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  97. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  98. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1"..
  99. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  100. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
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  102. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  103. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  104. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  105. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  106. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  107. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  108. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  109. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  110. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  111. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  112. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  113. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  114. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  115. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  116. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  117. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  118. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  119. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  120. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  121. 121.00 121.01 121.02 121.03 121.04 121.05 121.06 121.07 121.08 121.09 121.10 121.11 121.12 Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  122. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  123. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  124. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  125. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  126. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  127. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  128. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  129. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  130. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1". Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  131. https://www.drummerworld.com/drummers/Ron_Tutt.html
  132. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  133. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  134. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  135. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  136. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  137. Herd, Margaret (ed.), Who's Who in Australia, 2002, 38 edn, Crown Content, Melbourne, 2002
  138. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  139. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  140. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  141. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  142. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  143. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  144. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  145. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  146. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  147. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  148. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  149. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  150. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  151. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  152. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  153. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  154. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  155. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
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  158. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  159. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
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  161. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  162. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  163. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  164. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  165. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  166. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  167. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  168. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  169. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  170. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  171. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  172. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
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  178. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  179. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  180. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  181. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  182. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  183. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  184. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  185. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  186. http://www.rugbyleagueproject.org/players/steve-price/summary.html
  187. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  188. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  189. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  190. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  191. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  192. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  193. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  194. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  195. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  196. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  197. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  198. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  199. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  200. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  201. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  202. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  203. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  204. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  205. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  206. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  207. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  208. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  209. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  210. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  211. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  212. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  213. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  214. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  215. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  216. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  217. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  218. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  219. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  220. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  221. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  222. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  223. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  224. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  225. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  226. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  227. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  228. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  229. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  230. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  231. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  232. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  233. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  234. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  235. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  236. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  237. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  238. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  239. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  240. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  241. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  242. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  243. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  244. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  245. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  246. http://www.rugbyleagueproject.org/players/gareth-widdop/summary.html
  247. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  248. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  249. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  250. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  251. Template:Soccerway
  252. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  253. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  254. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  255. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  256. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  257. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  258. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  259. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  260. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  261. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  262. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  263. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  264. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  265. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  266. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  267. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  268. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  269. Template:Soccerway
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  271. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  272. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  273. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  274. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  275. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  276. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  277. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  278. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  279. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  280. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  281. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  282. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  283. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  284. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  285. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  286. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  287. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  288. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  289. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  290. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  291. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  292. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  293. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  294. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  295. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  296. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  297. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  298. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  299. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  300. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  301. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  302. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  303. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  304. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  305. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  306. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  307. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  308. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  309. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  310. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  311. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  312. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  313. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  314. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  315. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  316. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  317. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  318. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  319. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  320. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  321. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  322. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  323. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  324. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  325. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  326. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  327. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  328. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  329. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  330. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  331. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  332. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  333. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  334. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  335. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  336. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  337. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  338. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  339. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  340. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  341. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  342. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
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  344. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  345. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  346. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  347. Template:Catholic Encyclopedia
  348. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  349. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  350. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".


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