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A picture of the Earth from space, the edge is glowing as if on fire.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAlex Proyas
Screenplay by
  • Ryne Douglas Pearson
  • Juliet Snowden
  • Stiles White
Story byRyne Douglas Pearson
Produced by
  • Alex Proyas
  • Todd Black
  • Jason Blumenthal
  • Steve Tisch
  • Nicolas Cage
  • Rose Byrne
  • Chandler Canterbury
  • Ben Mendelsohn
CinematographySimon Duggan
Edited byRichard Learoyd
Music byMarco Beltrami
Escape Artists
DMG Entertainment
Distributed bySummit Entertainment
Release date
  • March 20, 2009 (2009-03-20)
Running time
121 minutes
CountryUnited States
United Kingdom
Budget$50 million[1]
Box office$187.9 million[2]

Knowing is a 2009 science fiction thriller directed by Alex Proyas and starring Nicolas Cage. The project was originally attached to a number of directors under Columbia Pictures, but it was placed in turnaround and eventually picked up by Escape Artists. Production was financially backed by Summit Entertainment. Knowing was filmed in Docklands Studios Melbourne, Australia, using various locations to represent the film's Boston-area setting.

The film was released on March 20, 2009, in the United States. The DVD and Blu-ray media were released on July 7, 2009. Knowing met with mixed reviews, with praise for the acting performances, visual style and atmosphere, but criticism over some implausibilities.


In 1959, student Lucinda Embry (Lara Robinson) hears whispers as she stares at the Sun. When her class is chosen to contribute to the school's time capsule, each child is asked to draw what they believe the future will look like. Lucinda writes a page of seemingly random numbers and adds it to her elementary school's time capsule, which is set to be opened in 50 years. Lucinda's teacher, Mrs. Taylor (Danielle Carter), calls for the pupils to finish but Lucinda continues until her teacher takes the page off her desk unfinished. Lucinda then goes missing after the time capsule is dedicated, and is found by her teacher in a utility closet scratching numbers into the door with her fingernails bleeding.

In 2009, Caleb Koestler (Chandler Canterbury) is a pupil at the same elementary school. When the time capsule is opened, Caleb is supposed to read and write about some of the capsule's contents. He's given the page of numbers written by Lucinda. His widowed father John (Nicolas Cage), a professor of astrophysics at MIT, notices the numbers have a specific set of sequences, with some digits referring to the dates and death tolls of major disasters over the last 50 years, including 911012996, apparently representing the date ("9/11/01", in m/d/yy format) and death toll ("2996") of the 9/11 attacks. The last three sets of digits on the page are dated in the immediate future.

In the following days, a car drives by the family home with two strangers. They give Caleb a small smooth stone. Caleb later dreams of one of the strange men, who points to the window showing the world on fire with burning animals running out from a forest.

John witnesses a plane crash on a freeway on the day that the paper had predicted that a disaster would next occur. He then learns that the remaining unexplained digits on the paper are the geographic coordinates of the location of each disaster predicted on the paper.

File:Ezekiel's vision.jpg

Copy of Matthäus Merian's engraving of Ezekiel's "chariot vision" (1670).

John tracks down Lucinda's daughter Diana (Rose Byrne) and granddaughter Abby. Though initially apprehensive and scared, after seeing one of the number sets result in another disaster (a major derailment on the New York City Subway, which John had tried to prevent), Diana decides to help John. She says that her mother used to hear voices, and that the next (and also last) date in the document, October 19, was the day Lucinda always said Diana would die. Searching Lucinda's mobile home, they find pictures of the disasters she predicted, a copy of Matthäus Merian's engraving of Ezekiel's "chariot vision", and a pile of small smooth stones near Lucinda's bed. The last number in the document appears at first to be "33", but they notice that it is really "EE" written backwards. They figure out that EE means "Everyone Else", representing an Extinction Level Event which no one will escape.

The next day, Abby shows John that she has coloured in the sun on the Ezekiel's "Chariot vision" engraving and John has a sudden realisation that this could be how the world will end. He rushes them to the MIT observatory, where he discovers that a massive solar flare will soon reach Earth, making it uninhabitable. John and Diana argue over what is best to do to prepare for the incoming solar flare. After the argument, Diana leaves with both children. As Diana stops for gas, an emergency broadcast is transmitted to alert the world of the solar flare. While Diana is on the phone with John, the strangers take the children. Diana chases after them but her car is hit by a truck. John, rushing to catch up with them, arrives just as Diana dies at exactly midnight of October 19 and finds the smooth, black stone in Diana's hand. He goes back to Lucinda's mobile home, finding the children and the strangers waiting in a dry river bed covered with the similar black stones. A space ship descends from the sky. John is refused entry and the ship departs with the children. A distant shot shows many similar space ships leaving Earth.

The next morning John drives to his estranged father's home. John and his family embrace as the flare sets the entire planet ablaze, destroying everything and killing all life still on the surface. Caleb and Abby are deposited by the beings on an Earth-like planet. In the final scene, they are seen running through a beautiful field of wheat towards a giant white tree which resembles the Tree of Life.


  • Nicolas Cage as Professor Jonathan "John" Koestler
  • Rose Byrne as Diana Wayland / Lucinda Embry-Wayland (photograph)
  • Chandler Canterbury as Caleb Koestler
    • Joshua Long as Young Caleb
  • Lara Robinson as Young Lucinda Embry / Abby Wayland / Young Diana Wayland (photograph)
  • Nadia Townsend as Grace Koestler
  • Ben Mendelsohn as Professor Phil Beckman
  • Alan Hopgood as Reverend Koestler
  • Benita Collings as Mrs. Koestler
  • Adrienne Pickering as Allison Koestler
  • Liam Hemsworth as Spencer
  • Ra Chapman as Jessica
  • Lesley Anne Mitchell as Stacy
  • Gareth Yuen as Donald
  • Verity Charlton as Kim
  • Tamara Donnellan as Mrs. Embry
  • Travis Waite as Mr. Embry
  • D.G. Maloney, Joel Bow, Maximillian Paul, and Karen Hadfield as The Strangers
  • David Lennie as Principal Clark in 1959
  • Carolyn Shakespeare-Allen as Principal in 2009
  • Alethea McGrath as Priscilla Taylor in 2009
    • Danielle Carter as Priscilla Taylor in 1959


In 2001, novelist Ryne Douglas Pearson approached producers Todd Black and Jason Blumenthal with his idea for a film, where a time capsule from the 1950s is opened revealing fulfilled prophecies, the last one of which ended with 'EE' - "everyone else". The producers liked the concept and bought his script.[3] The project was set up at Columbia Pictures. Both Rod Lurie and Richard Kelly were attached as directors, but the film eventually went into turnaround. The project was picked up by the production company Escape Artists, and the script was rewritten by Stiles White and Juliet Snowden. Director Alex Proyas was attached to direct the project in February 2005.[4] Proyas said the aspect that attracted him the most was the "very different script" and the notion of people seeing the future and "how it shape their lives".[3] Summit Entertainment took on the responsibility to fully finance and distribute the film. Proyas and Stuart Hazeldine rewrote the draft for production,[5] which began on March 25, 2008 in Melbourne, Australia.[6] The director hoped to emulate The Exorcist in melding "realism with a fantastical premise".[7]

The film is set primarily in the town of Lexington with some scenes set in the nearby cities of Cambridge and Boston. However, it was shot in Australia, where director Proyas resides.[3] Locations included the Geelong Ring Road; the Melbourne Museum; "Cooinda", a residence in Mount Macedon which was the location for all of the "home and garden" scenes; and Collins Street.[1] Filming also took place at Camberwell High School, which was converted into the fictional William Dawes Elementary, located in 1959 Lexington.[8][9] Interior shots took place at the Australian Synchrotron to represent an observatory.[10][11] Filming also took place at the Haystack Observatory in Westford, Massachusetts.[12] In addition to practical locations, filming also took place at the Melbourne Central City Studios in Docklands.[13] The plane crash, which was mostly shown in one take in the film, was done in a nearly-finished freeway outside Melbourne, mixing practical effects and pieces of a plane with computer-generated elements. The scenographic rain led to the usage of a new gel for the flames so the fire would not be put out, and semi-permanent make-up to make them last the long shooting hours.[3] The solar flare destruction sequence is set in New York City, showing notable landmarks such as the Metlife Building, Times Square and the Empire State Building being completely obliterated as the flare spreads across the Earth's surface, destroying everything in its path.[14]

Proyas used a Red One 4K digital camera, making the film the first time the director used digital cameras.[15] He sought to capture a gritty and realistic look to the film, and his approach involved a continuous two-minute scene in which Cage's character sees a plane crash and attempts to rescue passengers. The scene was an arduous task, taking two days to set up and two days to shoot. Proyas explained the goal, "I did that specifically to not let the artifice of visual effects and all the cuts and stuff we can do, get in the way of the emotion of the scene."[16]


The music for the film was written by Marco Beltrami, but also features classical works such as Symphony No. 7 (Beethoven) - Allegretto,[17] which is played without any accompanying sound effects in the final Boston disaster scene of the film.[18] Beltrami released the soundtrack as a CD with 22 tracks.[19]

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1."Main Titles"2:11
2."Door Jam"3:10
4."John and Caleb"1:59
5."New York"4:12
7."Not a Kid Anymore"1:56
8."Moose on the Loose"2:20
9."Stalking the Waylands"1:24
11."It's the Sun"2:44
12."John Spills"3:26
13."Trailer Music"3:21
18."Shock and Aww"4:00
19."Caleb Leaves"7:09
20."Roll Over Beethoven"4:15
21."New World Round"2:59
22."Who Wants an Apple?"1:35
Total length:65:39
Music in the film but not released on the soundtrack


Critical response[]

Knowing received mixed reviews. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 34% of critics gave the film positive reactions based upon a sample of 179 critics with a weighted average score of 4.7/10. The site's consensus states: "Knowing has some interesting ideas and a couple good scenes, but it's weighted down by its absurd plot and over-seriousness".[20] Metacritic gave the film a score of 41% based on 27 reviews.[21]

A. O. Scott of The New York Times gave the film a negative review and wrote, "If your intention is to make a brooding, hauntingly allegorical terror-thriller, it's probably not a good sign when spectacles of mass death and intimations of planetary destruction are met with hoots and giggles ... The draggy, lurching two hours of "Knowing" will make you long for the end of the world, even as you worry that there will not be time for all your questions to be answered."[22] In the San Francisco Chronicle, Peter Hartlaub called the film "an excitement for fans of Proyas" and "a surprisingly messy effort." He thought Nicolas Cage "borders on ridiculous here, in part because of a script that gives him little to do but freak out or act depressed".[23]

Writing for The Washington Post, Michael O'Sullivan thought the film was "creepy, at least for the first two-thirds or so, in a moderately satisfying, if predictable, way ... But the narrative corner into which this movie... paints itself is a simultaneously brilliant and exciting one. Well before the film neared its by turns dismal and ditzy conclusion, I found myself knowing—yet hardly able to believe—what was about to happen."[24] Betsy Sharkey of the Los Angeles Times found it to be "moody and sometimes ideologically provocative" and added, "Knowing has its grim moments—and by that I mean the sort of cringe- (or laugh-) inducing lines of dialogue that have haunted disaster films through the ages ... So visually arresting are the images that watching a deconstructing airliner or subway train becomes more mesmerising than horrifying."[25]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times was enthusiastic, rating it four stars out of four and writing, "Knowing is among the best science-fiction films I've seen—frightening, suspenseful, intelligent and, when it needs to be, rather awesome"[26] He continued, "With expert and confident storytelling, Proyas strings together events that keep tension at a high pitch all through the film. Even a few quiet, human moments have something coiling beneath. Pluck this movie, and it vibrates."[27] Ebert later listed it as the sixth best film of 2009.

Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian suggested Knowing was saved by its ending, concluding that "the film sticks to its apocalyptic guns with a spectacular and thoroughly unexpected finish."[28] Philip French's review in The Observer suggested the premise was "intriguing B-feature apocalypse, determinism versus free will stuff" and that the ending has something for everyone: "A chosen few will apparently be swept away by angels to a better place. If you're a Christian fundamentalist who believes that Armageddon is nigh, you'll have a family hug and wake up to be greeted by St Peter at the Pearly Gates. On the other hand, Darwinists will be gratified to see Gaia and her stellar opposite numbers sock it to an unconcerned mankind."[29]

Box office[]

Knowing was released in 3,332 theatres in the United States and Canada on March 20, 2009 and grossed $24,604,751 in its opening weekend,[30] placing first at the box office.[31] According to exit polling, 63% of the audience was 25 years old and up and evenly split between genders.[32] On the weekend of March 17, 2009, Knowing ranked first in the international box office, grossing $9.8 million at 1,711 theatres in ten markets, including first with $3.55 million in the United Kingdom.[33] As of July 26, 2009, the film had grossed $79,957,634 in the United States and Canada and $107,901,008 in other territories for a worldwide total of $187,858,642.[2]

Home media release []

Knowing was released on DVD on July 7, 2009 opening at No.1 for the week, selling 773,000 DVD units for $12,508,192 in revenue. As per the latest figures, 1,521,797 DVD units have been sold, bringing in $22,968,367 in revenue. This does not include DVD/Blu-rentals or Blu-ray sales.[34]


On November 25, 2009, Global Findability filed a patent infringement lawsuit against Summit Entertainment and Escape Artists in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, claiming that a geospatial entity object code was used in the film Knowing which infringed Patent Template:Patent.[35][36][37] The case was dismissed on January 10, 2011.[38]

Science controversy[]

Regarding the film's grounding in science, Director Alex Proyas said at a press conference, "The science was important. I wanted to make the movie credible. So of course we researched as much as we could and tried to give it as much authenticity as we could."[39]

Ian O'Neill of Discovery News criticized the film's solar flare plot line, pointing out that the most powerful solar flares could never incinerate Earthly cities.[40]

Erin McCarthy of Popular Mechanics calls attention to the film's confusion of numerology, the occult's study of how numbers like dates of birth influence human affairs, with the ability of science to describe the world mathematically to make predictions about things like weather or create technology like cell phones.[39]

Steve Biodrowski of Cinefantastique refers to the film's approach as disappointingly "pseudo-scientific." He writes, "Cage plays an astronomer, and his discussions with a colleague hint that the film may actually grapple with the question of predicting the future, perhaps even offer a plausible theory. Unfortunately, this approach is abandoned as Koestler pursues the disasters, and the film eventually moves into a mystical approach."[41]

Asked about his research for the role, Nicolas Cage stated, "I grew up with a professor, so that was all the research I ever needed." His father, August Coppola, was a professor of comparative literature at Cal State Long Beach.[42] Cage plays an astrophysicist at MIT in the film.

See also[]

  • 20th Century Boys


  1. 1.0 1.1 Ziffer, Daniel (April 7, 2008). "Night at the museum". The Age. Australia. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Knowing". Retrieved July 26, 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Knowing All: The Making of a Futuristic Thriller. Knowing DVD.
  4. Laporte, Nicole (February 16, 2005). "Proyas digs Knowing gig". Variety. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
  5. Fleming, Michael (December 10, 2007). "Cage to star in Proyas' Knowing". Variety. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  6. "Byrne Set for Sci-Fi Thriller Knowing". Animation World Network. March 4, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  7. Vejvoda, Jim (July 24, 2008). "SDCC 08: Knowing When to Push". IGN. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
  8. Nye, Doug (July 7, 2009). "Grumpy Old Men,' Knowing' top short list of new Blu-ray releases". Victoria Advocate. Retrieved September 22, 2008.
  9. Metlikovec, Jane (March 30, 2008). "Nicolas Cage goes back to school". Herald Sun. Australia. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  10. Bernecich, Adrian (October 28, 2008). "Powerhouse for research". Waverly Gazette.
  11. "International Film Shot at Australian Synchrotron" (PDF). Lightspeed. Australian Synchrotron Company, Ltd. April 1, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  12. Minch, Jack (September 23, 2008). "Hollywood coming to Westford". The Sun.
  13. Wigney, James (April 27, 2008). "Nicolas's golden cage an empty shell". Herald Sun. Australia. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  14. "Knowing Film Locations." On the Set of New York. N.p., n.d. Web. April 9, 2012. <>.
  15. Fischer, Paul (August 6, 2008). "SDCC Interview: Alex Proyas for Knowing". Dark Horizons. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  16. Minnick, Remy (August 12, 2008). "Alex Proyas: And Knowing Is Half The Battle". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved November 26, 2008.
  17. "Soundtrack". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  18. "KNOWING-The End of the World". YouTube. December 13, 2009. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
  19. "Knowing (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". Varèse Sarabande. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  20. "Knowing (2009)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  21. "Knowing Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  22. Scott, A. O. (March 20, 2009). "Extinction Looms! Stop the Aliens!". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
  23. Hartlaub, Peter (March 20, 2009). "Movie review: Knowing funny for a thriller". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
  24. O'Sullivan, Michael (March 20, 2009). "Few Surprises in Knowing". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
  25. Sharkey, Betsy (March 20, 2009). "Review: Knowing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
  26. Ebert, Roger (March 22, 2009). "Love and hate and "Knowing" -- or, do wings have angels?". Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  27. Ebert, Roger (March 18, 2009). "Knowing". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  28. Bradshaw, Peter (March 27, 2009). "Film review: Knowing". The Guardian. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  29. French, Philip (March 29, 2009). "Film review: Knowing". The Observer. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  30. "Knowing (2009)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
  31. McClintock, Pamela (March 22, 2009). "Knowing tops weekend box office". Variety. Retrieved March 22, 2009.
  32. Gray, Brandon (March 23, 2009). "Weekend Report: Knowing Digs Up the Digits". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  33. McNary, Dave (March 29, 2009). "Knowing tops foreign box office". Variety. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
  34. "Movie Box Office Data, Film Stars, Idle Speculation". The Numbers. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
  35. "Complaint" (PDF). Courthouse News. November 30, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  36. Gardner, Eriq (December 2, 2009). "Can a science-fiction movie infringe a tech patent?". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  37. Crouch, Dennis. "Patents and the Movie Industry: Stopping [[:Template:Sic]] Cage". PatentlyO blog. Retrieved March 28, 2012. URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  38. "Case Docket for No. 09-2247". PACER docket saved on Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  39. 39.0 39.1 Erin McCarthy Knowing Blends Science Fact with Fiction Popular Mechanics, Retrieved January 5, 2012
  40. Ian O'Neill "Knowing" How Solar Flares Don’t Work Astro Engine, Retrieved January 5, 2012
  41. Steve Biodrowski Knowing - Science Fiction Film Review Cinefantastique, Retrieved January 5, 2012
  42. "August Coppola, arts educator, dies at 75." San Francisco Chronicle

External links[]

Template:Alex Proyas