Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

  • 226Cao Rui succeeds his father as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei.
  • 1149Raymond of Poitiers is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din Zangi.
  • 1194Sverre is crowned King of Norway, leading to his excommunication by the Catholic Church and civil war.[1]
  • 1444Skanderbeg defeats an Ottoman invasion force at Torvioll.
  • 1534Jacques Cartier is the first European to reach Prince Edward Island.
  • 1613 – The Globe Theatre in London, built by William ShakespeareTemplate:'s playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, burns to the ground.[2]
  • 1644Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge.
  • 1659 – At the Battle of Konotop the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky defeat the Russians led by Prince Trubetskoy.
  • 1786Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1807Russo-Turkish War: Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
  • 1850Autocephaly officially granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Church of Greece.
  • 1864 – At least 99 people, mostly German and Polish immigrants, are killed in Canada's worst railway disaster after a train fails to stop for an open drawbridge and plunges into the Rivière Richelieu near St-Hilaire, Quebec.[3]
  • 1874 – Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" leveling complaints against King George. Trikoupis is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • 1880 – France annexes Tahiti, renaming the independent Kingdom of Tahiti as "Etablissements de français de l'Océanie".[4]
  • 1881 – In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam.
  • 1888George Edward Gouraud records Handel's Israel in Egypt onto a phonograph cylinder, thought for many years to be the oldest known recording of music.
  • 1889Hyde Park and several other Illinois townships vote to be annexed by Chicago, forming the largest United States city in area and second largest in population at the time.
  • 1915 – The North Saskatchewan River flood of 1915 is the worst flood in Edmonton history.
  • 1916 – British diplomat turned Irish nationalist Roger Casement is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.[5]
  • 1922 – France grants 1 km2 at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes".
  • 1927 – The Bird of Paradise, a U.S. Army Air Corps Fokker tri-motor, completes the first transpacific flight, from the mainland United States to Hawaii.
  • 1945 – The Soviet Union annexes the Czechoslovak province of Carpathian Ruthenia.[6]
  • 1950Korean War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman authorizes a sea blockade of Korea.
  • 1956 – The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 is signed by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.
  • 1972 – The United States Supreme Court rules in the case Furman v. Georgia that arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violates the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.[7]
  • 1974 – Vice President Isabel Perón assumes powers and duties as Acting President of Argentina, while her husband President Juan Peron is terminally ill.
  • 1974 – Mikhail Baryshnikov defects from the Soviet Union to Canada while on tour with the Kirov Ballet.[8]
  • 1975Steve Wozniak tested his first prototype of Apple I computer.
  • 1976 – The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1976 – The Conference of Communist and Workers Parties of Europe convenes in East Berlin.
  • 1987Vincent Van Gogh’s painting, the Le Pont de Trinquetaille, was bought for $20.4 million at an auction in London, England.
  • 1995Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission (Atlantis) docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.[9]
  • 1995 – The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho District of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.
  • 2002Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
  • 2006Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.[10]
  • 2007Apple Inc. releases its first mobile phone, the iPhone.[11]
  • 2012 – A derecho sweeps across the eastern United States, leaving at least 22 people dead and millions without power.
  • 2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant self-declared its caliphate in Syria and northern Iraq.

Births

  • 1136Petronilla of Aragon (d. 1173)
  • 1326Murad I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1389)
  • 1398John II of Aragon and Navarre (d. 1479)
  • 1443Anthony Browne, English knight (d. 1506)
  • 1482Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (d. 1517)
  • 1488Pedro Pacheco de Villena, Catholic cardinal (d. 1560)
  • 1517Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician and botanist (d. 1585)
  • 1525Peter Agricola, German humanist, theologian, diplomat and statesman (d. 1585)
  • 1528Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1589)
  • 1543Christine of Hesse, Duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp (d. 1604)
  • 1596Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
  • 1621Willem van der Zaan, Dutch Admiral (d. 1669)
  • 1686Pietro Paolo Troisi, Maltese artist (d. 1743)
  • 1746Joachim Heinrich Campe, German linguist, author, and educator (d. 1818)
  • 1768Vincenzo Dimech, Maltese sculptor (d. 1831)
  • 1787Lavinia Stoddard, American poet, school founder (d. 1820)[12]
  • 1793Josef Ressel, Czech-Austrian inventor, invented the propeller (d. 1857)
  • 1798Willibald Alexis, German author and poet (d. 1871)
  • 1798 – Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet and philosopher (d. 1837)
  • 1801Frédéric Bastiat, French economist and theorist (d. 1850)[13]
  • 1803John Newton Brown, American minister and author (d. 1868)
  • 1818Angelo Secchi, Italian astronomer and academic (d. 1878)
  • 1819Thomas Dunn English, American poet, playwright, and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1833Peter Waage, Norwegian chemist and academic (d. 1900)
  • 1835Celia Thaxter, American poet and story writer (d. 1894)
  • 1844Peter I of Serbia (d. 1921)
  • 1849Pedro Montt, Chilean lawyer and politician, 15th President of Chile (d. 1910)
  • 1849 – Sergei Witte, Russian politician, 1st Chairmen of Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • 1849 – John Hunn, American businessman and politician, 51st Governor of Delaware (d. 1926)
  • 1858George Washington Goethals, American general and engineer, co-designed the Panama Canal (d. 1928)
  • 1858 – Julia Lathrop, American activist and politician (d. 1932)
  • 1861William James Mayo, American physician and surgeon, co-founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1863Wilbert Robinson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1866Bartholomeus Roodenburch, Dutch swimmer (d. 1939)
  • 1868George Ellery Hale, American astronomer and journalist (d. 1938)
  • 1870Joseph Carl Breil, American tenor, composer, and director (d. 1926)
  • 1873Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (d. 1938)
  • 1879Benedetto Aloisi Masella, Italian cardinal (d. 1970)
  • 1880Ludwig Beck, German general (d. 1944)
  • 1881Harry Frazee, American director, producer, and agent (d. 1929)
  • 1881 – Curt Sachs, German-American composer and musicologist (d. 1959)
  • 1882Henry Hawtrey, English runner (d. 1961)
  • 1882 – Franz Seldte, German captain and politician, Reich Minister for Labour (d. 1947)
  • 1886Robert Schuman, Luxembourgian-French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1963)
  • 1888Squizzy Taylor, Australian gangster (d. 1927)
  • 1889Willie Macfarlane, Scottish-American golfer (d. 1961)
  • 1890Robert Laurent, American sculptor and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1890 – Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper, Dutch supercentenarian (d. 2005)
  • 1893Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Indian economist and statistician (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer and educator (d. 1958)
  • 1897Fulgence Charpentier, Canadian journalist and publisher (d. 2001)
  • 1898Yvonne Lefébure, French pianist and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1900Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French poet and pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1901Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967)
  • 1903Alan Blumlein, English engineer, developed the H2S radar (d. 1942)
  • 1904Witold Hurewicz, Polish mathematician (d. 1956)
  • 1906Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Ukrainian general (d. 1945)
  • 1906 – Heinz Harmel, German general (d. 2000)
  • 1908Leroy Anderson, American composer and conductor (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Erik Lundqvist, Swedish javelin thrower (d. 1963)
  • 1910Frank Loesser, American composer and conductor (d. 1969)
  • 1910 – Burgess Whitehead, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1911Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Katherine DeMille, Canadian-American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Bernard Herrmann, American composer and conductor (d. 1975)
  • 1912José Pablo Moncayo, Mexican pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1958)
  • 1912 – Émile Peynaud, French oenologist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – John Toland, American historian and author (d. 2004)
  • 1913Earle Meadows, American pole vaulter (d. 1992)
  • 1914Rafael Kubelík, Czech-American conductor and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek-American mathematician and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1916Ruth Warrick, American actress and activist (d. 2005)
  • 1917Ling Yun, Chinese politician (d. 2018)
  • 1918Heini Lohrer, Swiss ice hockey player (d. 2011)
  • 1918 – Gene La Rocque, U.S admiral (d. 2016)
  • 1918 – Francis W. Nye, United States Air Force major general (d. 2019)
  • 1919Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada, Mexican cardinal (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Walter Babington Thomas, Commander of British Far East Land Forces (d. 2017)
  • 1919 – Slim Pickens, American actor and rodeo performer (d. 1983)
  • 1920César Rodríguez Álvarez, Spanish footballer and manager (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Ray Harryhausen, American animator and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Nicole Russell, Duchess of Bedford (d. 2012)
  • 1921Frédéric Dard, French author and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Jean Kent, English actress (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Reinhard Mohn, German businessman (d. 2009)
  • 1921 – Harry Schell, French-American race car driver (d. 1960)
  • 1922Ralph Burns, American songwriter, bandleader, composer, conductor, arranger and pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Vasko Popa, Serbian poet and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – John William Vessey, Jr., American general (d. 2016)
  • 1923Chou Wen-chung, Chinese-American composer and educator (d. 2019)
  • 1924Ezra Laderman, American composer and educator (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Roy Walford, American pathologist and gerontologist (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Philip H. Hoff, American politician (d. 2018)
  • 1925Francis S. Currey, American World War II Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2019)
  • 1925 – Giorgio Napolitano, Italian journalist and politician, 11th President of Italy
  • 1925 – Chan Parker, American dancer and author (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Jackie Lynn Taylor, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Cara Williams, American actress
  • 1926Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ruler, 3rd Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Julius W. Becton, Jr., U.S lieutenant general
  • 1926 – Roger Stuart Bacon, Nova Scotia politician
  • 1926 – Bobby Morgan, American professional baseball player
  • 1927Pierre Perrault, Canadian director and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Marie Thérèse Killens, Canadian politician
  • 1928Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Jean-Louis Pesch, French author and illustrator
  • 1928 – Radius Prawiro, Indonesian economist and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1929Pat Crawford Brown, American actress
  • 1929 – Pete George, American weightlifter
  • 1929 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1930Ernst Albrecht, German economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Robert Evans, American actor and producer (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Viola Léger, American-Canadian actress and politician
  • 1930 – Sławomir Mrożek, Polish-French author and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1931Sevim Burak, Turkish author (d. 1983)
  • 1932Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton, British jurist; Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland
  • 1933Bob Shaw, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1933 – John Bradshaw, American theologian and author (d. 2016)
  • 1934Corey Allen, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1935Vassilis C. Constantakopoulos, Greek captain and businessman (d. 2011)
  • 1935 – Katsuya Nomura, Japanese baseball player and manager
  • 1936Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)
  • 1939Alan Connolly, Australian cricketer
  • 1939 – Amarildo Tavares da Silveira, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1940Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer
  • 1940 – John Dawes, Welsh rugby player and coach
  • 1941John Boccabella, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Stokely Carmichael, Trinidadian-American activist (d. 1998)
  • 1942Charlotte Bingham, English author and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Mike Willesee, Australian journalist and producer (d. 2019)
  • 1943Little Eva, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1943 – Louis Nicollin, French entrepreneur and chairman of Montpellier HSC (d. 2017)
  • 1944Gary Busey, American actor
  • 1944 – Andreu Mas-Colell, Spanish economist, academic, and politician
  • 1944 – Seán Patrick O'Malley, American cardinal
  • 1945Chandrika Kumaratunga, Sri Lankan journalist and politician, 5th President of Sri Lanka
  • 1946Ernesto Pérez Balladares, Panamanian politician, 33rd President of Panama
  • 1946 – Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 1947Richard Lewis, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1948Sean Bergin, South African-Dutch saxophonist and flute player (d. 2012)
  • 1948 – Fred Grandy, American actor and politician
  • 1948 – Ian Paice, English drummer, songwriter, and producer
  • 1948 – Usha Prashar, Baroness Prashar, Kenyan-English politician
  • 1949Dan Dierdorf, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Joan Clos, Spanish anesthesiologist and politician, 116th Mayor of Barcelona
  • 1949 – Ann Veneman, American lawyer and politician, 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1950Bobby London, American illustrator
  • 1951Craig Sager, American sportscaster (d. 2016)
  • 1953Don Dokken, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Colin Hay, Scottish-Australian singer and guitarist
  • 1954Rick Honeycutt, American baseball player and coach
  • 1954 – Leovegildo Lins da Gama Júnior, Brazilian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1955Charles J. Precourt, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1956Nick Fry, English economist and businessman
  • 1956 – David Burroughs Mattingly, American illustrator and painter
  • 1956 – Pedro Guerrero, Dominican-American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – Pedro Santana Lopes, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 118th Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1956 – Pyotr Vasilevsky, Belarusian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1957Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, Turkmen dentist and politician, 2nd President of Turkmenistan
  • 1957 – María Conchita Alonso, Cuban-Venezuelan singer and actress
  • 1957 – Robert Forster, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Michael Nutter, American politician, 98th Mayor of Philadelphia
  • 1957 – Terry Wyatt, English physicist and academic
  • 1958Dieter Althaus, German politician
  • 1958 – Rosa Mota, Portuguese runner
  • 1961Sharon Lawrence, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1962Amanda Donohoe, English actress
  • 1962 – Joan Laporta, Spanish lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – George D. Zamka, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1963Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
  • 1964Stedman Pearson, English singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1965Tripp Eisen, American guitarist
  • 1965 – Paul Jarvis, English cricketer
  • 1966Yoko Kamio, Japanese author and comic artist
  • 1967Jeff Burton, American race car driver
  • 1967 – Melora Hardin, American actress and singer
  • 1967 – Seamus McGarvey, Northern Irish cinematographer
  • 1968Brian d'Arcy James, American actor and musician
  • 1968 – Theoren Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Judith Hoag, American actress and educator
  • 1969Claude Béchard, Canadian politician (d. 2010)
  • 1969 – Pavlos Dermitzakis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Tōru Hashimoto, Japanese lawyer and politician
  • 1970Melanie Paschke, German sprinter
  • 1970 – Emily Skinner, American actress and singer
  • 1971Matthew Good, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973George Hincapie, American cyclist
  • 1976Daniel Carlsson, Swedish race car driver
  • 1976 – Bret McKenzie, New Zealand comedian, actor, musician, songwriter, and producer
  • 1977Sotiris Liberopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Zuleikha Robinson, English actress
  • 1978Nicole Scherzinger, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1979Matthew Bode, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Andy O'Brien, English footballer
  • 1979 – Marleen Veldhuis, Dutch swimmer
  • 1980Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano and actress
  • 1981Luke Branighan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1981 – Joe Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentinian race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1981 – Shmuly Yanklowitz, American rabbi, author, and educator
  • 1982Dusty Hughes, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Lily Rabe, American actress
  • 1983Aundrea Fimbres, American singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1983 – Jeremy Powers, American cyclist
  • 1984 – Aleksandr Shustov, Russian high jumper
  • 1985Quintin Demps, American football player
  • 1986José Manuel Jurado, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Edward Maya, Romanian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1988Éver Banega, Argentinian footballer
  • 1990Kim Little, Scottish footballer
  • 1990 – Yann M'Vila, French footballer
  • 1991Suk Hyun-jun, South Korean footballer
  • 1991 – Kawhi Leonard, American basketball player[14]
  • 1991 – Addison Timlin, American actress
  • 1993Harrison Gilbertson, Australian actor
  • 1994Camila Mendes, American actress and model[15]
  • 1996Joseph Manu, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1998Michael Porter Jr., American basketball player[16]
  • 2006Sam Lavagnino, American child voice actor

Deaths

  • 226Cao Pi, Chinese emperor (b. 187)[17]
  • 884Yang Shili, general of the Tang Dynasty
  • 976Gero, archbishop of Cologne
  • 1059Bernard II, Duke of Saxony (b. 995)
  • 1149Raymond of Poitiers, Prince of Antioch (b. 1115)[18]
  • 1153Óláfr Guðrøðarson, King of the Isles
  • 1252Abel, King of Denmark (b. 1218)
  • 1293Henry of Ghent, philosopher (b. c.1217)
  • 1315Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
  • 1344Joan of Savoy, duchess consort of Brittany, throne claimant of Savoy (b. 1310)
  • 1374Jan Milíč of Kroměříž, Czech priest and reformer
  • 1432Janus of Cyprus (b. 1375)
  • 1509Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby (b. 1443)
  • 1520Moctezuma II, Aztec ruler (b. 1466)
  • 1575Baba Nobuharu, Japanese samurai (b. 1515)
  • 1594Niels Kaas, Danish politician, Chancellor of Denmark (b. 1535)
  • 1626Scipione Cobelluzzi, Italian cardinal and archivist (b. 1564)
  • 1646Laughlin Ó Cellaigh, Gaelic-Irish Lord
  • 1725Arai Hakuseki, Japanese philosopher, academic, and politician (b. 1657)
  • 1729Edward Taylor, American-English poet, pastor, and physician (b. circa 1642)
  • 1744André Campra, French composer and conductor (b. 1660)
  • 1764Ralph Allen, English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1693)
  • 1779Anton Raphael Mengs, German painter (b. 1728)
  • 1831Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein, Prussian minister and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1840Lucien Bonaparte, French prince (b. 1775)
  • 1852Henry Clay, American lawyer and politician, 9th United States Secretary of State (b. 1777)
  • 1853Adrien-Henri de Jussieu, French botanist and academic (b. 1797)
  • 1855John Gorrie, American physician and humanitarian (b. 1803)
  • 1860Thomas Addison, English physician and endocrinologist (b. 1793)
  • 1861Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet and translator (b. 1806)
  • 1873Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Indian poet and playwright (b. 1824)
  • 1875Ferdinand I of Austria (b. 1793)
  • 1895Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist (b. 1825)
  • 1900Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1827)
  • 1907Konstantinos Volanakis, Greek painter and academic (b. 1837)
  • 1919José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician and educator (b. 1864)
  • 1931Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian poet and physician (b. 1850)
  • 1933Roscoe Arbuckle, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1887)
  • 1935Jack O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1873)
  • 1936János Szlepecz, Slovene priest and missionary (b. 1872)
  • 1940Paul Klee, Swiss painter and illustrator (b. 1879)
  • 1941Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1860)
  • 1942Paul Troje, German politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1864)
  • 1949Themistoklis Sofoulis, Greek politician, 115th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1860)
  • 1955Max Pechstein, German painter and academic (b. 1881)
  • 1960Frank Patrick, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1885)
  • 1962Charles Lyon Chandler, American historian (b. 1883)[19]
  • 1964Eric Dolphy, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1928)
  • 1967Primo Carnera, Italian boxer and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1967 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1969Moise Tshombe, Congolese accountant and politician, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1919)
  • 1971Nestor Mesta Chayres, Mexican operatic tenor and bolero vocalist (b. 1908)
  • 1975Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 1978Bob Crane, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1979Lowell George, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1945)
  • 1980Jorge Basadre, Peruvian historian (b. 1903)[20]
  • 1981Russell Drysdale, English-Australian painter (b. 1912)
  • 1982Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer, founded Balmain (b. 1914)
  • 1982 – Henry King, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1886)
  • 1986Frank Wise, Australian politician, 16th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1897)
  • 1990Irving Wallace, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1992Mohamed Boudiaf, Algerian soldier and politician, President of Algeria (b. 1919)
  • 1993Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1994Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor and educator (b. 1908)
  • 1995Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1997William Hickey, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Marjorie Linklater, Scottish campaigner for the arts and environment of Orkney (b. 1909)[21]
  • 1998Horst Jankowski, German pianist and composer (b. 1936)
  • 1999Karekin I, Syrian-Armenian patriarch (b. 1950)
  • 1999 – Allan Carr, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1937)
  • 2000Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor and director (b. 1922)
  • 2002Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (b. 1928)
  • 2003Katharine Hepburn, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2004Bernard Babior, American physician and biochemist (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Alvin Hamilton, Canadian lieutenant and politician, 18th Canadian Minister of Agriculture (b. 1912)
  • 2006Fabián Bielinsky, Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – Randy Walker, American football player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 2007Fred Saberhagen, American soldier and author (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Joel Siegel, American journalist and critic (b. 1943)
  • 2009Joe Bowman, American, target shooter and boot-maker (b. 1925)
  • 2011K. D. Sethna, Indian poet, scholar, writer, philosopher, and cultural critic (b. 1904)
  • 2012Yong Nyuk Lin, Singaporean politician, Singaporean Minister of Health (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Vincent Ostrom, American political scientist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Juan Reccius, Chilean triple jumper (b. 1911)
  • 2012 – Floyd Temple, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1926)
  • 2013Peter Fitzgerald, Irish footballer and manager (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Jack Gotta, American-Canadian football player, coach, and manager (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist and author (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Gilma Jiménez, Colombian politician (b. 1956)
  • 2014Damian D'Oliveira, South African cricketer (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Dermot Healy, Irish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1947)
  • 2015Hisham Barakat, Egyptian lawyer and judge (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Josef Masopust, Czech footballer and coach (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Charles Pasqua, French businessman and politician, French Minister of the Interior (b. 1927)
  • 2016Jan Hettema, Springbok cyclist and five times South African National Rally Champion (b. 1933)[22][23]
  • 2017Louis Nicollin, French entrepreneur and chairman of Montpellier HSC from 1974 to his death (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Dave Semenko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1957)
  • 2018Steve Ditko, American comic writer and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2020Carl Reiner, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)[24]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Cassius of Narni
    • Feast of Saints Peter and Paul (Western Christianity), and its related observances:
      • Haro Wine Festival (Haro, La Rioja)
      • l-Imnarja (Malta)
    • June 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Engineer's Day (Ecuador)
  • Independence Day (Seychelles), celebrates the independence of Seychelles from the United Kingdom in 1976.
  • Veterans' Day (Netherlands)

References

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  3. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/railway-disasters
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  17. The Sanguozhi (vol. 2: (中平四年冬,生于譙。) mentions that he was born in the winter of the fourth year of the Zhongping era (184–189) in the reign of Emperor Ling of Han.
  18. Mallett, Alex. "The Battle of Inab". Journal of Medieval History 39, 1 (2013): 48–60.
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  24. https://www.tmz.com/2020/06/30/carl-reiner-dead-dies-98-dick-van-dyke-show/

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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