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2021

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  2021 (Monday)
  2020 (Sunday)
  2019 (Friday)
  2018 (Thursday)
  2017 (Wednesday)
  2016 (Tuesday)
  2015 (Sunday)
  2014 (Saturday)
  2013 (Friday)
  2012 (Thursday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".June 28 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 186 days remain until the end of the year.

In common years it is always in ISO week 26.

Events

  • 1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1360Muhammed VI becomes the tenth Nasrid king of Granada after killing his brother-in-law Ismail II.
  • 1461 – Edward, Earl of March, is crowned King Edward IV of England.[1]
  • 1519Charles V is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1575Sengoku period of Japan: The combined forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu are victorious in the Battle of Nagashino.[2]
  • 1635Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
  • 1651 – The Battle of Berestechko between Poland and Ukraine starts.
  • 1709Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
  • 1745 – A New England colonial army captures the French fortifications at Louisbourg (New Style).
  • 1776American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Sullivan's Island ends with the American victory, leading to the commemoration of Carolina Day.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, is hanged for mutiny and sedition.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: The American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.
  • 1797 – French troops disembark in Corfu, beginning the French rule in the Ionian Islands.
  • 1807 – Second British invasion of the Río de la Plata; John Whitelocke lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the locals.
  • 1838Coronation of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.[3]
  • 1841 – The Paris Opera Ballet premieres Giselle in the Salle Le Peletier.
  • 1846Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone.
  • 1855Sigma Chi fraternity is founded in North America.
  • 1859 – The first conformation dog show is held in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
  • 1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded.
  • 1880 – Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is captured at Glenrowan.
  • 1881 – The Austro–Serbian Alliance of 1881 is secretly signed.
  • 1882 – The Anglo-French Convention of 1882 marks the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
  • 1894Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
  • 1895 – The United States Court of Private Land Claims rules James Reavis’s claim to Barony of Arizona is "wholly fictitious and fraudulent."
  • 1896 – An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston, Pennsylvania results in a massive cave-in that kills 58 miners.
  • 1902 – The U.S. Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorizing President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
  • 1904 – The Template:SS runs aground on Hasselwood Rock in the North Atlantic Script error: No such module "convert". northwest of Ireland. More than 635 people die during the sinking.
  • 1911 – The Nakhla meteorite, the first one to suggest signs of aqueous processes on Mars, falls to Earth, landing in Egypt.
  • 1914Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo; this is the casus belli of World War I.
  • 1917 – World War I: Greece joins the Allied powers.
  • 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
  • 1921 – Serbian King Alexander I proclaims the new constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, known thereafter as the Vidovdan Constitution.
  • 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
  • 1926Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.
  • 1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 1940Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union after facing an ultimatum.
  • 1942World War II: Nazi Germany starts its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue.
  • 1945 – Poland's Soviet-allied Provisional Government of National Unity is formed over a month after V-E Day.
  • 1948Cold War: The Tito–Stalin Split results in the expulsion of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia from the Cominform.
  • 1948 – Boxer Dick Turpin beats Vince Hawkins at Villa Park in Birmingham to become the first black British boxing champion in the modern era.
  • 1950Korean War: Suspected communist sympathizers (between 60,000 to 200,000) are executed in the Bodo League massacre.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Packed with its own refugees fleeing Seoul and leaving their 5th Division stranded, South Korean forces blow up the Hangang Bridge in an attempt to slow North Korea's offensive. The city falls later that day.
  • 1950 – Korean War: North Korean Army conducts the Seoul National University Hospital massacre.
  • 1956 – in Poznań, workers from HCP factory go to the streets, sparking one of the first major protests against communist government both in Poland and Europe.
  • 1964Malcolm X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
  • 1969Stonewall riots begin in New York City, marking the start of the Gay Rights Movement.
  • 1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
  • 1976 – The Angolan court sentences US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
  • 1981 – A powerful bomb explodes in Tehran, killing 73 officials of the Islamic Republican Party.
  • 1987 – For the first time in military history, a civilian population is targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.
  • 1989 – On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo, Slobodan Milošević delivers the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.
  • 1997Holyfield–Tyson II: Mike Tyson is disqualified in the third round for biting a piece off Evander Holyfield's ear.
  • 2001Slobodan Milošević is extradited to the ICTY in The Hague to stand trial.
  • 2004Iraq War: Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
  • 2009Honduran president Manuel Zelaya is ousted by a local military coup following a failed request to hold a referendum to rewrite the Honduran Constitution. This was the start of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis.
  • 2016A terrorist attack in Turkey's Istanbul Atatürk Airport kills 42 people and injures more than 230 others.

Births

  • 751Carloman I, king of the Franks (d. 771)
  • 1243Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (d. 1304)
  • 1444Charlotte, Queen of Cyprus (d. 1487)
  • 1476Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
  • 1490Albert of Brandenburg, German archbishop (d. 1545)
  • 1491Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
  • 1503Giovanni della Casa, Italian author and poet (d. 1556)
  • 1547Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian organist and composer (d. 1599)
  • 1557Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel, English nobleman (d. 1595)
  • 1560Giovanni Paolo Lascaris, Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller (d. 1657)
  • 1573Henry Danvers, 1st Earl of Danby, English noble (d. 1644)
  • 1577Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter and diplomat (d. 1640)
  • 1582William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English politician (d. 1662)
  • 1604Heinrich Albert, German composer and poet (d. 1651)
  • 1641Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien, consort to King John III Sobieski (d. 1716)
  • 1653Muhammad Azam Shah, Mughal emperor (d. 1707)
  • 1703John Wesley, English cleric and theologian (d. 1791)
  • 1712Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher and polymath (d. 1778)
  • 1719Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French general and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1785)
  • 1734Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier, French organist and composer (d. 1794)
  • 1742William Hooper, American physician, lawyer, and politician (d. 1790)
  • 1824Paul Broca, French physician, anatomist, and anthropologist (d. 1880)
  • 1825Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (d. 1909)
  • 1831Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1907)
  • 1836Emmanuel Rhoides, Greek journalist and author (d. 1904)
  • 1844John Boyle O'Reilly, Irish-born poet, journalist and fiction writer (d. 1890)
  • 1852Charles Cruft, English showman, founded Crufts Dog Show (d. 1938)
  • 1867Luigi Pirandello, Italian dramatist, novelist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1873Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1875Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician and academic (d. 1941)
  • 1879Wilhelm Steinkopf, German chemist (d. 1949)
  • 1880John Meyers, American swimmer and water polo player (d. 1971)
  • 1883Pierre Laval, French soldier and politician, 101st Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1884Lamina Sankoh, Sierra Leonean banker and politician (d. 1964)
  • 1888George Challenor, Barbadian cricketer (d. 1947)
  • 1888 – Stefi Geyer, Hungarian violinist and educator (d. 1956)
  • 1891Esther Forbes, American historian and author (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Carl Spaatz, American general (d. 1974)
  • 1892Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
  • 1893August Zamoyski, Polish-French sculptor (d. 1970)
  • 1894Francis Hunter, American tennis player (d. 1981)
  • 1902Richard Rodgers, American playwright and composer (d. 1979)
  • 1906Maria Goeppert Mayer, Polish-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1907Jimmy Mundy, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Yvonne Sylvain, First female Haitian physician (d. 1989)[4]
  • 1909Eric Ambler, English author and screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1912Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)
  • 1913Franz Antel, Austrian director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – George Lloyd, English soldier and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Walter Oesau, German colonel and pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1914Aribert Heim, Austrian SS physician and Nazi war criminal (d. 1992)
  • 1917A. E. Hotchner, American author and playwright (d. 2020)
  • 1918William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw, Scottish-English politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1999)
  • 1919Joseph P. Lordi, American government official (d. 1983)
  • 1920Clarissa Eden, Spouse of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1921P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)[5]
  • 1922Hans Frauenfelder, American physicist and biophysicist
  • 1923Pete Candoli, American trumpet player (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentinian racing driver (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Gaye Stewart, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2010)
  • 1926George Booth, American cartoonist
  • 1926 – Mel Brooks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1926 – Robert Ledley, American academic and inventor (d. 2012)
  • 1927Correlli Barnett, English historian and author
  • 1927 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
  • 1928Hans Blix, Swedish politician and diplomat, 33rd Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1928 – Patrick Hemingway, American writer
  • 1928 – Harold Evans, English-American historian and journalist
  • 1928 – Peter Heine, South African cricketer (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Cyril Smith, English politician (d. 2010)
  • 1929Alfred Miodowicz, Polish politician
  • 1930William C. Campbell, Irish-American biologist and parasitologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930 – Itamar Franco, Brazilian engineer and politician, 33rd President of Brazil (d. 2011)
  • 1930 – Jack Gold, English director and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1931Hans Alfredson, Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1931 – Junior Johnson, American race car driver (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Lucien Victor, Belgian cyclist (d. 1995)
  • 1932Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1934Robert Carswell, Baron Carswell, Northern Irish lawyer and judge, Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland
  • 1934 – Roy Gilchrist, Jamaican cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1934 – Bette Greene, American journalist and author
  • 1934 – Carl Levin, American lawyer and politician[6]
  • 1934 – Georges Wolinski, Tunisian-French journalist and cartoonist (d. 2015)
  • 1935John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1936Chuck Howley, American football player
  • 1937George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)
  • 1937 – Fernand Labrie, Canadian endocrinologist and academic
  • 1937 – Ron Luciano, American baseball player and umpire (d. 1995)
  • 1938John Byner, American actor and comedian
  • 1938 – Leon Panetta, American lawyer and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1938 – S. Sivamaharajah, Sri Lankan Tamil newspaper publisher and politician (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Simon Douglas-Pennant, 7th Baron Penrhyn, British baron
  • 1939Klaus Schmiegel, German chemist
  • 1940Karpal Singh, Malaysian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941Al Downing, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1941 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist and academic, developed the OBJ language (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – David Johnston, Canadian academic, lawyer, and politician, 28th Governor General of Canada
  • 1942Chris Hani, South African politician (d. 1993)
  • 1942 – Hans-Joachim Walde, German decathlete (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Frank Zane, American professional bodybuilder and author
  • 1943Jens Birkemose, Danish painter
  • 1943 – Donald Johanson, American paleontologist and academic
  • 1943 – Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945Ken Buchanan, Scottish boxer
  • 1945 – David Knights, English bass player and producer
  • 1945 – Raul Seixas, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1989)
  • 1945 – Türkan Şoray, Turkish actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1946Robert Asprin, American soldier and author (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Bruce Davison, American actor and director
  • 1946 – David Duckham, English rugby player
  • 1946 – Robert Xavier Rodríguez, American classical composer
  • 1946 – Jaime Guzmán, Chilean lawyer and politician (d. 1991)
  • 1946 – Gilda Radner, American actress and comedian (d. 1989)
  • 1947Mark Helprin, American novelist and journalist
  • 1947 – Laura Tyson, American economist and academic
  • 1948Kathy Bates, American actress
  • 1948 – Sergei Bodrov, Russian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Deborah Moggach, English author and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Daniel Wegner, Canadian-American psychologist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1949Don Baylor, American baseball player and coach (d. 2017)
  • 1950Philip Fowke, English pianist and educator
  • 1950 – Mauricio Rojas, Chilean-Swedish economist and politician
  • 1950 – Chris Speier, American baseball player and coach
  • 1951Mick Cronin, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1951 – Mark Shand, English conservationist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1951 – Lalla Ward, English actress and author
  • 1952Enis Batur, Turkish poet and author
  • 1952 – Pietro Mennea, Italian sprinter and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1952 – Jean-Christophe Rufin, French physician and author
  • 1954A. A. Gill, Scottish author and critic (d. 2016)
  • 1954 – Alice Krige, South African actress
  • 1955 – Shirley Cheriton, British actress
  • 1956Amira Hass, Israeli journalist and author
  • 1956 – Noel Mugavin, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1957Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1957 – Georgi Parvanov, Bulgarian historian and politician, 4th President of Bulgaria
  • 1957 – Mike Skinner, American race car driver
  • 1957 – Jim Spanarkel, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1958Donna Edwards, American lawyer and politician
  • 1958 – Félix Gray, Tunisian-French singer-songwriter
  • 1959Clint Boon, English singer and keyboard player
  • 1959 – John Shelley, British illustrator
  • 1960John Elway, American football player and manager
  • 1960 – Roland Melanson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1961Jeff Malone, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962Anișoara Cușmir-Stanciu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1962 – Artur Hajzer, Polish mountaineer (d. 2013)
  • 1962 – Ann-Louise Skoglund, Swedish hurdler
  • 1963Peter Baynham, Welsh actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Charlie Clouser, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1964Christina Ashcroft, Canadian sport shooter[7]
  • 1964 – Mark Grace, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Bernie McCahill, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1964 – Dan Stains, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1964 – Steve Williamson, English saxophonist and composer
  • 1965Jessica Hecht, American actress
  • 1965 – Tiaan Strauss, South African rugby player
  • 1966Peeter Allik, Estonian painter and illustrator (d. 2019)
  • 1966 – Bobby Bare Jr., American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – John Cusack, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
  • 1967Leona Aglukkaq, Canadian politician, 7th Canadian Minister of Health
  • 1967 – Gil Bellows, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1967 – Zhong Huandi, Chinese runner
  • 1967 – Lars Riedel, German discus thrower
  • 1968Chayanne, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1969Tichina Arnold, American actress and singer
  • 1969 – Stéphane Chapuisat, Swiss footballer
  • 1969 – Fabrizio Mori, Italian hurdler
  • 1970Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1970 – Tom Merritt, American journalist
  • 1970 – Mike White, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971Lorenzo Amoruso, Italian footballer
  • 1971 – Fabien Barthez, French footballer
  • 1971 – Bobby Hurley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971 – Ron Mahay, American baseball player and scout
  • 1971 – Elon Musk, South African-born American businessman
  • 1971 – Aileen Quinn, American actress and singer
  • 1972Ngô Bảo Châu, Vietnamese-French mathematician and academic
  • 1972 – Chris Leslie, English politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • 1972 – Geeta Tripathee, Nepali poet, lyricist and literary critic
  • 1972 – Alessandro Nivola, American actor
  • 1973Adrián Annus, Hungarian hammer thrower
  • 1973 – Corey Koskie, Canadian baseball player
  • 1974Rob Dyrdek, American skateboarder, entrepreneur, and reality television star
  • 1975Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish singer-songwriter, and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1976Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
  • 1976 – Seth Wescott, American snowboarder[8]
  • 1977Chris Spurling, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Mark Stoermer, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1977 – Harun Tekin, Turkish singer and guitarist
  • 1978Simon Larose, Canadian tennis player
  • 1979Randy McMichael, American football player
  • 1979 – Neil Shanahan, Irish racing driver (d. 1999)
  • 1979 – Florian Zeller, French author and playwright
  • 1980Jevgeni Novikov, Estonian footballer
  • 1981Savage, New Zealand rapper
  • 1981 – Michael Crafter, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Guillermo Martínez, Cuban javelin thrower
  • 1981 – Brandon Phillips, American baseball player
  • 1982Ibrahim Camejo, Cuban long jumper
  • 1985Phil Bardsley, English footballer
  • 1985 – Colt Hynes, American baseball player
  • 1986Kellie Pickler, American singer-songwriter
  • 1987Sonata Tamošaitytė, Lithuanian hurdler
  • 1987 – Terrence Williams, American basketball player
  • 1989Jason Clark, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Andrew Fifita, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – David Fifita, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Julia Zlobina, Russian-Azerbaijani figure skater
  • 1989 – Markiplier, American internet personality
  • 1989 – Nicole Rottmann, Austrian tennis player
  • 1991Seohyun, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress
  • 1991 – Kevin De Bruyne, Belgian footballer
  • 1991 – Kang Min-hyuk, South Korean singer, drummer, and actor
  • 1992Oscar Hiljemark, Swedish footballer
  • 1992 – Elaine Thompson, Jamaican sprinter[9]
  • 1993Bradley Beal, American basketball player
  • 1994Hussein, Crown Prince of Jordan[10]
  • 1994 – Emily Blue, American singer-songwriter
  • 1996Donna Vekić, Croatian tennis player[11]
  • 1996 – Larissa Werbicki, Canadian rower[12]
  • 1999Markéta Vondroušová, Czech tennis player[13]
  • 2002Marta Kostyuk, Ukrainian tennis player[14]

Deaths

  • 202Yuan Shao, Chinese warlord
  • 548Theodora I, Byzantine empress
  • 572Alboin, King of the Lombards[15]
  • 683Leo II, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 611)
  • 767Paul I, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 700)
  • 928Louis the Blind, Holy Roman emperor (b. 880)
  • 975Cyneweard, bishop of Wells
  • 1031Taira no Tadatsune, Japanese governor
  • 1061Floris I, count of Holland
  • 1175Andrey Bogolyubsky, Russian Grand Prince (b. 1111)
  • 1189Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony, (b. 1156)
  • 1194Xiao Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 1127)
  • 1385Andronikos IV, Byzantine emperor (b. 1348)
  • 1497James Tuchet, 7th Baron Audley, English rebel leader (b. c. 1463)
  • 1575Yonekura Shigetsugu, Japanese samurai
  • 1586Primož Trubar, Slovenian author and reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1598Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and geographer (b. 1527)
  • 1607Domenico Fontana, Italian architect (b. 1543)
  • 1716George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire (b. 1665)
  • 1757Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, queen consort of Frederick William I (b. 1687)[16]
  • 1798John Henry Colclough, Irish revolutionary (b. c. 1769)
  • 1813Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general and politician, Prussian Minister of War (b. 1755)
  • 1834Joseph Bové, Russian architect, designed the Triumphal Arch of Moscow (b. 1784)
  • 1836James Madison, American academic and politician, 4th President of the United States (b. 1751)
  • 1880Texas Jack Omohundro, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)
  • 1881Jules Armand Dufaure, French politician, 33rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1798)
  • 1889Maria Mitchell, American astronomer and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1892Alexandros Rizos Rangavis, Greek poet and politician, Greek Foreign Minister (b. 1810)
  • 1913Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 4th President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1914Sophie, duchess of Hohenberg (b. 1868)
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, archduke of Austria (b. 1863)
  • 1915Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1917Ștefan Luchian, Romanian painter and educator (b. 1868)
  • 1922Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (b. 1885)
  • 1929Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (b. 1844)
  • 1936Alexander Berkman, American author and activist (d. 1870)
  • 1939Douglas H. Johnston, governor of the Chickasaw Nation (b. 1856)
  • 1940Italo Balbo, Italian air marshal and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1944Friedrich Dollmann, German general (b. 1882)
  • 1945Yunus Nadi Abalıoğlu, Turkish journalist (b. 1879)
  • 1947Stanislav Kostka Neumann, Czech writer, poet and journalist (b. 1875)
  • 1960Jake Swirbul, American businessman, co-founded the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation (b. 1898)
  • 1962Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player and manager (b. 1903)
  • 1962 – Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1965Red Nichols, American cornet player, bandleader, and composer (b. 1905)
  • 1966Mehmet Fuat Köprülü, Turkish historian and politician, 21st Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1890)
  • 1971Franz Stangl, Austrian SS officer (b. 1908)
  • 1974Vannevar Bush, American engineer and academic (b. 1890)
  • 1975Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Rod Serling, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)
  • 1978Clifford Dupont, English-Rhodesian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1980José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1981Terry Fox, Canadian runner and activist (b. 1958)
  • 1983Alf Francis, German-English motor racing mechanic and racing car constructor (b. 1918)
  • 1984Yigael Yadin, Israeli archaeologist, general, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1985Lynd Ward, American author and illustrator (b. 1905)
  • 1989Joris Ivens, Dutch journalist, director, and producer (b. 1898)
  • 1992Guy Nève, Belgian racing driver (b. 1955)
  • 1992 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
  • 1995Petri Walli, Finnish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1969)
  • 2000Jane Birdwood, Baroness Birdwood, Canadian-English publisher and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Nils Poppe, Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 2001Mortimer J. Adler, American philosopher and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003Joan Lowery Nixon, American journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2004Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
  • 2005Brenda Howard, American activist (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Michael P. Murphy, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1976)
  • 2006Jim Baen, American publisher, founded Baen Books (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English lawyer and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – George Unwin, English pilot and commander (b. 1913)
  • 2007Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Kiichi Miyazawa, Japanese lawyer and politician, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)
  • 2009A. K. Lohithadas, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2009 – Billy Mays, American TV personality (b. 1958)
  • 2010Robert Byrd, American lawyer and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2012Richard Isay, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Leontine T. Kelly, American bishop (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Robert Sabatier, French author and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Doris Sams, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 2013Ted Hood, American sailor and architect (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Tamás Katona, Hungarian historian and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Kenneth Minogue, New Zealand-Australian political scientist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – F. D. Reeve, American author and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – David Rubitsky, American sergeant (b. 1917)
  • 2014Seymour Barab, American cellist and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Jim Brosnan, American baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – On Kawara, Japanese painter (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Meshach Taylor, American actor (b. 1947)
  • 2015Jack Carter, American actor and comedian (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Jope Seniloli, Fijian politician, Vice-President of Fiji (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Wally Stanowski, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1919)
  • 2016Scotty Moore, American guitarist (b. 1931)
  • 2016 – Pat Summitt, American women's college basketball head coach (b. 1952)
  • 2016 – Buddy Ryan, American football coach (b. 1931)
  • 2018Harlan Ellison, American writer (b. 1934)[17]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Basilides and Potamiana
    • Irenaeus of Lyon (Western Christianity)
    • Heimerad
    • Blessed Maria Pia Mastena
    • Paulus I
    • Vincenza Gerosa
    • June 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Ukraine)
  • Earliest day on which Vardavar can fall, while August 1 is the latest; celebrated on the 14th weeks after Easter (Armenia)
  • Family Day (Vietnam)
  • Poznań Remembrance Day (Poland)
  • Vidovdan, celebrating St. Vitus and an important day in Serbian history. (Eastern Orthodox Church)
  • Tau Day, a day similar to Pi Day celebrating the number Tau, which is equivalent to 2*Pi.

References

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  16. The Peerage – Sophie Dorothy
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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