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2021

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  2021 (Saturday)
  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Tuesday)

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Events

  • 4 ADAugustus adopts Tiberius.
  • 221Roman emperor Elagabalus adopts his cousin Alexander Severus as his heir and receives the title of Caesar.
  • 363 – Roman emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sasanian Empire.
  • 684Pope Benedict II is chosen.
  • 699En no Ozuno, a Japanese mystic and apothecary who will later be regarded as the founder of a folk religion Shugendō, is banished to Izu Ōshima.
  • 1243 – Mongols defeat the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Köse Dağ.
  • 1295Przemysł II crowned king of Poland, following Ducal period. The white eagle is added to the Polish coat of arms.
  • 1407Ulrich von Jungingen becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1409Western Schism: The Roman Catholic Church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
  • 1460Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and Edward, Earl of March, land in England with a rebel army and march on London.
  • 1483Richard III becomes King of England.[1]
  • 1522 – Ottomans begin the second Siege of Rhodes.
  • 1541Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego de Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.
  • 1579Livonian campaign of Stephen Báthory begins.
  • 1718Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1723 – After a siege and bombardment by cannon, Baku surrenders to the Russians.
  • 1740 – A combined force of Spanish, free blacks and allied Indians defeat a British garrison at the Siege of Fort Mose near St. Augustine during the War of Jenkins' Ear.
  • 1794French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Fleurus marked the first successful military use of aircraft.
  • 1830William IV becomes king of Britain and Hanover.
  • 1843Treaty of Nanking comes into effect, Hong Kong Island is ceded to the British "in perpetuity".
  • 1848 – End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1857 – The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1870 – The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • 1886Henri Moissan isolated elemental Fluorine for the first time.
  • 1889Bangui is founded by Albert Dolisie and Alfred Uzac in what was then the upper reaches of the French Congo.
  • 1906 – The first Grand Prix motor race is held at Le Mans.[2]
  • 1909 – The Science Museum in London comes into existence as an independent entity.
  • 1917World War I: The American Expeditionary Forces begin to arrive in France. They will first enter combat four months later.
  • 1918 – World War I: Allied forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince in the Battle of Belleau Wood.
  • 1924 – The American occupation of the Dominican Republic ends after eight years.
  • 1927The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island.
  • 1934 – United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
  • 1936 – Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
  • 1940World War II: Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina.
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet planes bomb Kassa, Hungary (now Košice, Slovakia), giving Hungary the impetus to declare war the next day.
  • 1942 – The first flight of the Grumman F6F Hellcat.
  • 1944 – World War II: San Marino, a neutral state, is mistakenly bombed by the RAF based on faulty information, leading to 35 civilian deaths.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Osuchy in Osuchy, Poland, one of the largest battles between Nazi Germany and Polish resistance forces, ends with the defeat of the latter.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed by 50 Allied nations in San Francisco, California.
  • 1948Cold War: The first supply flights are made in response to the Berlin Blockade.
  • 1948 – William Shockley files the original patent for the grown-junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
  • 1948 – Shirley Jackson's short story The Lottery is published in The New Yorker magazine.
  • 1952 – The Pan-Malayan Labour Party is founded in Malaya, as a union of statewide labour parties.
  • 1953Lavrentiy Beria, head of MVD, is arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo.
  • 1955 – The South African Congress Alliance adopts the Freedom Charter at the Congress of the People in Kliptown.
  • 1959 – Swedish boxer Ingemar Johansson becomes world champion of heavy weight boxing, by defeating American Floyd Patterson on technical knockout after two minutes and three seconds in the third round at Yankee Stadium.
  • 1960 – The former British Protectorate of British Somaliland gains its independence as Somaliland.
  • 1960 – Madagascar gains its independence from France.
  • 1963 – Cold War: U.S. President John F. Kennedy gave his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech, underlining the support of the United States for democratic West Germany shortly after Soviet-supported East Germany erected the Berlin Wall.
  • 1967Karol Wojtyła (later John Paul II) made a cardinal by Pope Paul VI.
  • 1974 – The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • 1975 – Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • 1977Elvis Presley held his final concert in Indianapolis, Indiana at Market Square Arena.
  • 1978Air Canada Flight 189, flying to Toronto, overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of the 107 passengers on board perish.
  • 1991Yugoslav Wars: The Yugoslav People's Army begins the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
  • 1995Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani deposes his father Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup d'état.
  • 1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 2000 – The Human Genome Project announces the completion of a "rough draft" sequence.
  • 2003 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Lawrence v. Texas that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional.
  • 2006Mari Alkatiri, the first Prime Minister of East Timor, resigns after weeks of political unrest.
  • 2007Pope Benedict XVI reinstates the traditional laws of papal election in which a successful candidate must receive two-thirds of the votes.
  • 2008 – A suicide bomber dressed as an Iraqi policeman detonates an explosive vest, killing 25 people.
  • 2012 – The Waldo Canyon fire descends into the Mountain Shadows neighborhood in Colorado Springs burning 347 homes in a matter of hours and killing two people.
  • 2013Riots in China's Xinjiang region kill at least 36 people and injure 21 others.
  • 2013 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled, 5–4, that Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional and in violation of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 2015 – Five different terrorist attacks in France, Tunisia, Somalia, Kuwait, and Syria occurred on what was dubbed Bloody Friday by international media. Upwards of 750 people were either killed or injured in these uncoordinated attacks.
  • 2015 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled, 5–4, that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marriage under the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Births

  • 12 BCAgrippa Postumus, Roman son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder (d. 14)
  • 1399John, Count of Angoulême (d. 1467)
  • 1575Anne Catherine of Brandenburg (d. 1612)
  • 1581San Pedro Claver, Spanish Jesuit saint (d. 1654)
  • 1600Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, Spanish-born bishop and viceroy of New Spain (d. 1659)
  • 1681Hedvig Sophia of Sweden (d. 1708)
  • 1689Edward Holyoke, American pastor and academic (d. 1769)
  • 1694Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1768)
  • 1699Marie Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin, French businesswoman (d. 1777)
  • 1702Philip Doddridge, English hymn-writer and educator (d. 1751)
  • 1703Thomas Clap, American minister and academic (d. 1767)
  • 1726Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia (d. 1796)
  • 1730Charles Messier, French astronomer and academic (d. 1817)
  • 1764Jan Paweł Łuszczewski, Polish politician (d. 1812)
  • 1796Jan Paweł Lelewel, Polish painter and engineer (d. 1847)
  • 1798Wolfgang Menzel, German poet and critic (d. 1873)
  • 1817Branwell Brontë, English painter and poet (d. 1848)
  • 1819Abner Doubleday, American general (d. 1893)
  • 1821Bartolomé Mitre, Argentinian soldier, journalist, and politician, 6th President of Argentina (d. 1906)
  • 1824William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish physicist and engineer (d. 1907)
  • 1835Thomas W. Knox, American journalist and author (d. 1896)
  • 1839Sam Watkins, American soldier and author (d. 1901)
  • 1852Daoud Corm, Lebanese painter (d. 1930)
  • 1854Robert Laird Borden, Canadian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1937)
  • 1865Bernard Berenson, Lithuanian-American historian and author (d. 1959)
  • 1866George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English archaeologist and banker (d. 1923)
  • 1869Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish journalist and author (d. 1954)
  • 1878Leopold Löwenheim, German mathematician and logician (d. 1957)
  • 1880Mitchell Lewis, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1881Ya'akov Cohen, Israeli linguist, poet, and playwright (d. 1960)
  • 1892Pearl S. Buck, American novelist, essayist, short story writer Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1893Dorothy Fuldheim, American journalist and news anchor(d. 1989)
  • 1895George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player and politician (d. 1950)
  • 1898Willy Messerschmitt, German engineer and businessman (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Chesty Puller, US general (d. 1971)
  • 1899Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1901Stuart Symington, American lieutenant and politician, 1st United States Secretary of the Air Force (d. 1988)
  • 1902Hugues Cuénod, Swiss tenor and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1903Big Bill Broonzy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1958)
  • 1904Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer and academic (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Peter Lorre, Slovak-American actor and singer (d. 1964)
  • 1905Lynd Ward, American author and illustrator (d. 1985)
  • 1906Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Viktor Schreckengost, American sculptor and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1907Debs Garms, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1908Salvador Allende, Chilean physician and politician, 29th President of Chile (d. 1973)
  • 1909Colonel Tom Parker, Dutch-American talent manager (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Wolfgang Reitherman, German-American animator, director, and producer (d. 1985)
  • 1911Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American golfer and basketball player (d. 1956)
  • 1911 – Bronisław Żurakowski, Polish pilot and engineer (d. 2009)
  • 1913Aimé Césaire, French poet, author, and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Maurice Wilkes, English computer scientist and physicist (d. 2010)
  • 1914Laurie Lee, English author and poet (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark, European royalty (d. 2001)
  • 1915Paul Castellano, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – George Haigh, English professional footballer (d. 2019)
  • 1915 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author and poet (d. 2013)
  • 1916Virginia Satir, American psychotherapist and author (d. 1988)
  • 1916 – Giuseppe Taddei, Italian actor and singer (d. 2010)
  • 1917Idriz Ajeti, Albanian albanologist (d. 2019)
  • 1918Leo Rosner, Polish-born Austrian Jewish musician (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Raleigh Rhodes, American combat fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – J. B. Fuqua, American entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 2006)
  • 1919Richard Neustadt, American political scientist and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Jimmy Newberry, American pitcher (d. 1983)
  • 1919 – George Athan Billias, American historian (d. 2018)
  • 1919 – Donald M. Ashton, English art director (d. 2004)
  • 1920Jean-Pierre Roy, Canadian-American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2014)
  • 1921Violette Szabo, French-British secret agent (d. 1945)
  • 1921 – Robert Everett, American computer scientist (d. 2018)
  • 1922Walter Farley, American author (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Eleanor Parker, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Enzo Apicella, English artist, cartoonist, designer, and restaurateur (d. 2018)
  • 1923Franz-Paul Decker, German conductor (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Ed Bearss, American veteran of World War II
  • 1924Kostas Axelos, Greek-French philosopher and author (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – James W. McCord Jr., CIA officer (d. 2017)
  • 1925Pavel Belyayev, Russian soldier, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1970)
  • 1925 – Wolfgang Unzicker, German chess player (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Jean Frydman, French resistant and businessman
  • 1926Kenny Baker, American fiddler (d.2011)
  • 1926 – Mahendra Bhatnagar, Indian poet
  • 1926 – Fernando Mönckeberg Barros, Chilean surgeon[3]
  • 1926 – Dinu Zamfirescu, Romanian politician
  • 1927Robert Kroetsch, Canadian author and poet (d. 2011)
  • 1928Jacob Druckman, American composer and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
  • 1928 – Bill Sheffield, American politician; 5th Governor of Alaska
  • 1928 – Samuel Belzberg, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2018)
  • 1929June Bronhill, Australian soprano and actress (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Fred Bruemmer, Latvian-Canadian photographer and author (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Milton Glaser, American illustrator and graphic designer
  • 1930Jackie Fargo, American wrestler and trainer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Wolfgang Schwanitz, East German secret police
  • 1931Colin Wilson, English philosopher and author (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Robert Colbert, American actor
  • 1932 – Dame Marguerite Pindling, Bahamian politician; Governor-General of the Bahamas
  • 1932 – Don Valentine, American venture capitalist (d. 2019)
  • 1933Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Gene Green, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1933 – David Winnick, English politician
  • 1934Dave Grusin, American pianist and composer
  • 1934 – Toru Goto, Japanese swimmer
  • 1935Carlo Facetti, Italian race car driver
  • 1935 – Sandro Riminucci, Italian basketball player
  • 1935 – Dwight York, American singer
  • 1936Benjamin Adekunle, Nigerian general (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Hal Greer, American basketball player (d. 2018)
  • 1936 – Robert Maclennan, Baron Maclennan of Rogart, Scottish politician (d. 2020)
  • 1936 – Edith Pearlman, American short story writer
  • 1936 – Jean-Claude Turcotte, Canadian cardinal (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Nancy Willard, American author and poet (d. 2017)
  • 1937Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Reggie Workman, American bassist and composer
  • 1938Neil Abercrombie, American sociologist and politician, 7th Governor of Hawaii
  • 1938 – Billy Davis Jr., American pop-soul singer
  • 1938 – Gerald North, American climatologist and academic
  • 1939Chuck Robb, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 64th Governor of Virginia
  • 1939 – Zainuddin Maidin, Malaysian politician (d. 2018)[4]
  • 1941Yves Beauchemin, Canadian author and academic
  • 1942J.J. Dillon, American wrestler and manager
  • 1942 – Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and politician, Brazilian Minister of Culture
  • 1943Georgie Fame, English singer, pianist, and keyboard player
  • 1943 – Warren Farrell, American author and educator
  • 1944Gennady Zyuganov, Russian colonel and politician
  • 1946Candace Pert, American neuroscientist and pharmacologist (d. 2013)
  • 1949Fredric Brandt, American dermatologist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1949 – Adrian Gurvitz, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1949 – Mary Styles Harris, American biologist and geneticist
  • 1951Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1952Gordon McQueen, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Olive Morris, Jamaican-English civil rights activist (d. 1979)[5]
  • 1954Luis Arconada, Spanish footballer
  • 1955Mick Jones, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Gedde Watanabe, American actor
  • 1956Chris Isaak, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1956 – Catherine Samba-Panza, interim president of the Central African Republic [6]
  • 1956 – Patrick Mercer, English colonel and politician
  • 1957Al Hunter Ashton, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Philippe Couillard, Canadian surgeon and politician, 31st Premier of Quebec
  • 1957 – Patty Smyth, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1959Mark McKinney, Canadian actor and screenwriter
  • 1960Mark Durkan, Irish politician
  • 1961Greg LeMond, American cyclist
  • 1961 – Terri Nunn, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1962Jerome Kersey, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1963Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russian-Swiss businessman and philanthropist
  • 1963 – Mark McClellan, American economist and politician
  • 1963 – Harriet Wheeler of The Sundays, English singer-songwriter
  • 1964Tommi Mäkinen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1966Dany Boon, French actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Kirk McLean, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Jürgen Reil, American drummer
  • 1967Inha Babakova, Ukrainian high jumper
  • 1967 – Olivier Dahan, French director and screenwriter
  • 1968Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, Icelandic lecturer and politician, 6th President of Iceland
  • 1968 – Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
  • 1968 – Shannon Sharpe, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1969Colin Greenwood, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1969 – Ingrid Lempereur, Belgian swimmer
  • 1969 – Geir Moen, Norwegian sprinter
  • 1969 – Mike Myers, American baseball player
  • 1970Paul Thomas Anderson, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Paul Bitok, Kenyan runner
  • 1970 – Irv Gotti, American record producer, co-founded Murder Inc Records
  • 1970 – Sean Hayes, American actor
  • 1970 – Adam Ndlovu, Zimbabwean footballer
  • 1970 – Chris O'Donnell, American actor
  • 1970 – Nick Offerman, American actor
  • 1971Max Biaggi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1972Jai Taurima, Australian long jumper and police officer
  • 1973Gretchen Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974Derek Jeter, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Jason Kendall, American baseball player
  • 1975Chris Armstrong, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Terry Skiverton, English footballer and manager
  • 1976Ed Jovanovski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Pommie Mbangwa, Zimbabwean cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Chad Pennington, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Dave Rubin, American political commentator
  • 1977Quincy Lewis, American basketball player
  • 1979Ryō Fukuda, Japanese race car driver
  • 1979 – Walter Herrmann, Argentinian basketball player
  • 1979 – Ryan Tedder, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1980Hamílton Hênio Ferreira Calheiros, Togolese footballer
  • 1980 – Michael Jackson, English footballer
  • 1980 – Jason Schwartzman, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and actor
  • 1980 – Chris Shelton, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Michael Vick, American football player
  • 1981Natalya Antyukh, Russian sprinter and hurdler
  • 1981 – Paolo Cannavaro, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Kanako Kondō, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1981 – Takashi Toritani, Japanese baseball player
  • 1982Zuzana Kučová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1983Vinícius Rodrigues Almeida, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Nick Compton, South African-English cricketer
  • 1983 – Toyonoshima Daiki, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1983 – Felipe Melo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Antonio Rosati, Italian footballer
  • 1984Indila, French singer
  • 1984 – José Juan Barea, Puerto Rican-American basketball player
  • 1984 – Yankuba Ceesay, Gambian footballer
  • 1984 – Elijah Dukes, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Raymond Felton, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Priscah Jeptoo, Kenyan runner
  • 1984 – Jūlija Tepliha, Latvian figure skater
  • 1984 – Deron Williams, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Preslava, Bulgarian singer
  • 1985Ogyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader, 17th Karmapa Lama
  • 1986Duvier Riascos, Colombian footballer
  • 1987Carlos Iaconelli, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1987 – Samir Nasri, French footballer
  • 1988Oliver Stang, German footballer
  • 1990Belaynesh Oljira, Ethiopian runner
  • 1990 – Igor Subbotin, Estonian footballer
  • 1991Houssem Chemali, French footballer
  • 1991 – Diego Falcinelli, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Dustin Martin, Australian rules footballer
  • 1992Joel Campbell, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1992 – Rudy Gobert, French basketball player
  • 1992 – Jennette McCurdy, American actress and singer-songwriter
  • 1993Ariana Grande, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1994Hollie Arnold, English javelin thrower
  • 1994 – Leonard Carow, German actor
  • 1997Baek Ye-rin, South Korean singer
  • 1997 – Callum Taylor, English cricketer
  • 2002Chandler Smith, American racing driver[7]
  • 2009Yesha Camile, Filipino child actress

Deaths

  • 116 BCPtolemy VIII, king of Egypt
  • 363Julian the Apostate, Roman emperor (b. 332)
  • 405Vigilius, bishop of Trent (b. 353)
  • 822Saichō, Japanese Buddhist monk (b. 767)
  • 969George El Mozahem, Egyptian martyr (b. 940)
  • 985Ramiro III, king of León
  • 1090Jaromír, bishop of Prague
  • 1095Robert, bishop of Hereford
  • 1265Anne of Bohemia, duchess of Silesia (b. 1203 or 1204)
  • 1274Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian scientist and writer (b. 1201)
  • 1487John Argyropoulos, Byzantine philosopher and scholar (b. 1415)
  • 1541Francisco Pizarro, Spanish explorer and politician, Governor of New Castile (b. c. 1471)
  • 1574Gabriel, comte de Montgomery, captain of the Scottish Guard of Henry II of France (b. 1530)
  • 1688Ralph Cudworth, English philosopher and academic (b. 1617)
  • 1752Giulio Alberoni, Spanish cardinal (b. 1664)
  • 1757Maximilian Ulysses Browne, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
  • 1784Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and politician, 4th Governor of Delaware (b. 1728)
  • 1793James Dickey, Irish revolutionary (b. 1776)
  • 1793 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist and ecologist (b. 1720)
  • 1795Johannes Jährig, German linguist and translator (b. 1747)
  • 1808Ludwik Tyszkiewicz, Polish poet and politician (b. 1748)
  • 1810Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, French inventor, co-invented the hot air balloon (b. 1740)
  • 1830George IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1762)
  • 1836Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French soldier and composer (b. 1760)
  • 1856Max Stirner, German philosopher and author (b. 1806)
  • 1870Armand Barbès, French lawyer and politician (b. 1809)
  • 1878Mercedes of Orléans (b. 1860)
  • 1879Richard H. Anderson, American general (b. 1821)
  • 1883Edward Sabine, Irish-English astronomer, geophysicist, and ornithologist (b. 1788)
  • 1918Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and author (b. 1843)
  • 1922Albert I, Prince of Monaco (b. 1848)
  • 1927Armand Guillaumin, French painter (b. 1841)
  • 1932Adelaide Ames, American astronomer and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1932 – William Murray McPherson, Australian politician, 31st Premier of Victoria (b. 1865)
  • 1938James Weldon Johnson, American poet, lawyer and politician (b. 1871)
  • 1938 – Daria Pratt, American golfer (b. 1859)
  • 1939Ford Madox Ford, English novelist, poet, and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1943Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1945Emil Hácha, Czech lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1872)
  • 1946Max Kögel, German SS officer (b. 1895)
  • 1946 – Yōsuke Matsuoka, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1880)
  • 1947R. B. Bennett, Canadian lawyer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1870)
  • 1949Kim Koo, South Korean educator and politician, 13th President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
  • 1955Engelbert Zaschka, German engineer (b. 1895)
  • 1956Clifford Brown, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1930)
  • 1956 – Richie Powell, American pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1957Alfred Döblin, Polish-German physician and author (b. 1878)
  • 1957 – Malcolm Lowry, English novelist and poet (b. 1909)
  • 1958George Orton, Canadian runner and hurdler (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and scholar (b. 1888)
  • 1964Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian businessman (b. 1889)
  • 1967Françoise Dorléac, French actress and singer (b. 1942)
  • 1975Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish priest and saint (b. 1902)
  • 1979Akwasi Afrifa, Ghanaian soldier and politician, 3rd Head of State of Ghana (b. 1936)
  • 1989Howard Charles Green, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Canadian Minister of Public Works (b. 1895)
  • 1990Anni Blomqvist, Finnish author (b. 1909)
  • 1992Buddy Rogers, American wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1993Roy Campanella, American baseball player and coach (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – William H. Riker, American political scientist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1994Jahanara Imam, Bangladeshi author and activist (b. 1929)
  • 1996Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
  • 1996 – Necmettin Hacıeminoğlu, Turkish linguist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 1997Don Hutson, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
  • 1998Hacı Sabancı, Turkish businessman and philanthropist (b. 1935)
  • 2002Jay Berwanger, American football player (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Arnold Brown, English-Canadian 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
  • 2003Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroon footballer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Denis Thatcher, English soldier and businessman (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Strom Thurmond, American general, lawyer, and politician, 103rd Governor of South Carolina (b. 1902)
  • 2004Ott Arder, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1950)
  • 2004 – Yash Johar, Indian film producer, founded Dharma Productions (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2005Tõnno Lepmets, Estonian basketball player (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Richard Whiteley, English journalist and game show host (b. 1943)
  • 2006Tommy Wonder, Dutch magician (b. 1953)
  • 2007Liz Claiborne, Belgian-American fashion designer, founded Liz Claiborne (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Joey Sadler, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1914)
  • 2010Algirdas Brazauskas, Lithuanian engineer and politician, 2nd President of Lithuania (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Harald Keres, Estonian physicist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 2011Edith Fellows, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Jan van Beveren, Dutch footballer and coach (b. 1948)
  • 2012Sverker Åström, Swedish diplomat, Swedish Permanent Representative to the United Nations (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Pat Cummings, American basketball player (b. 1956)
  • 2012 – Nora Ephron, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Mario O'Hara, Filipino director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Doris Singleton, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Risley C. Triche, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2013Henrik Otto Donner, Finnish trumpet player and composer (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Edward Huggins Johnstone, Brazilian-American sergeant and judge (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Byron Looper, American politician (b. 1964)
  • 2013 – Justin Miller, American baseball player (b. 1977)
  • 2013 – Marc Rich, Belgian-American businessman (b. 1934)
  • 2014Howard Baker, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 12th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Bill Frank, American-Canadian football player (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Rollin King, American businessman, co-founded Southwest Airlines (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Bob Mischak, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Julius Rudel, Austrian-American conductor (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Mary Rodgers, American composer and author (b. 1931)
  • 2015Yevgeny Primakov, Ukrainian-Russian journalist and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Chris Thompson, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1952)

Holidays and observances

  • Day of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anthelm of Belley
    • David the Dendrite
    • Hermogius
    • Isabel Florence Hapgood (Episcopal Church)
    • Jeremiah (Lutheran)
    • John and Paul
    • José María Robles Hurtado (one of Saints of the Cristero War)
    • Josemaría Escrivá
    • Mar Abhai (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Pelagius of Córdoba
    • Vigilius of Trent
    • June 26 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Flag Day (Romania)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Madagascar from France in 1960. (Madagascar)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of British Somaliland from the British in 1960. (Somalia)
  • International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (International)
  • International Day in Support of Victims of Torture (International)
  • Ratcatcher's Day (Hamelin, Germany)
  • Sunthorn Phu Day (Thailand)
  • World Refrigeration Day (International)

References

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  4. Tan Sri Zainuddin Maidin. arkib.gov.my
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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