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  2021 (Friday)
  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Saturday)
  2015 (Thursday)
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  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Monday)

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Events

  • 524 – The Franks are defeated by the Burgundians in the Battle of Vézeronce.
  • 841 – In the Battle of Fontenay-en-Puisaye, forces led by Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat the armies of Lothair I of Italy and Pepin II of Aquitaine.
  • 1258War of Saint Sabas: In the Battle of Acre, the Venetians defeat a larger Genoese fleet sailing to relieve Acre.
  • 1530 – At the Diet of Augsburg the Augsburg Confession is presented to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany.
  • 1658Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Rio Nuevo during the Anglo-Spanish War.
  • 1678Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduates from the University of Padua.
  • 1741Maria Theresa is crowned Queen of Hungary.
  • 1786Gavriil Pribylov discovers St. George Island of the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea.
  • 1788Virginia becomes the tenth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1848 – A photograph of the June Days uprising becomes the first known instance of photojournalism.
  • 1876Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.
  • 1900 – The Taoist monk Wang Yuanlu discovers the Dunhuang manuscripts, a cache of ancient texts that are of great historical and religious significance, in the Mogao Caves of Dunhuang, China.
  • 1906Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania millionaire Harry Thaw shoots and kills prominent architect Stanford White.
  • 1910 – The United States Congress passes the Mann Act, which prohibits interstate transport of women or girls for “immoral purposes”; the ambiguous language would be used to selectively prosecute people for years to come.
  • 1910Igor Stravinsky's ballet The Firebird is premiered in Paris, bringing him to prominence as a composer.
  • 1913American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • 1935Colombia–Soviet Union relations are established.
  • 1938 – Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.
  • 1940World War II: The French armistice with Germany comes into effect.
  • 1943The Holocaust: Jews in the Częstochowa Ghetto in Poland stage an uprising against the Nazis.
  • 1943 – The left-wing German Jewish exile Arthur Goldstein is murdered in Auschwitz.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic countries, begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: United States Navy and British Royal Navy ships bombard Cherbourg to support United States Army units engaged in the Battle of Cherbourg.
  • 1944 – The final page of the comic Krazy Kat is published, exactly two months after its author George Herriman died.
  • 1947The Diary of a Young Girl (better known as The Diary of Anne Frank) is published.
  • 1950 – The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea.
  • 1960 – Cold War: Two cryptographers working for the United States National Security Agency left for vacation to Mexico, and from there defected to the Soviet Union.
  • 1975Mozambique achieves independence from Portugal.
  • 1975 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of internal emergency in India.
  • 1976Missouri Governor Kit Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • 1978 – The rainbow flag representing gay pride is flown for the first time during the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.
  • 1981Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.
  • 1991Slovenia and Croatia declare their independence by referendum from Yugoslavia.
  • 1993Kim Campbell is sworn in as the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.
  • 1997 – An unmanned Progress spacecraft collides with the Russian space station Mir.
  • 1997 – The National Hockey League approved expansion franchises for Nashville (1998), Atlanta (1999), Columbus (2000), and Minneapolis-Saint Paul (2000).
  • 1998 – In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.
  • 2017 – The World Health Organization estimates that Yemen has over 200,000 cases of cholera.

Births

  • 1242Beatrice of England (d. 1275)[1]
  • 1328William de Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English commander (d. 1397)[2]
  • 1371Joanna II of Naples (d. 1435)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1484Bartholomeus V. Welser, German banker (d. 1561)
  • 1526Elisabeth Parr, Marchioness of Northampton (d. 1565)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1560Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
  • 1568Gunilla Bielke, Queen of Sweden (d. 1597)
  • 1612John Albert Vasa, Polish cardinal (d. 1634)
  • 1709Francesco Araja, Italian composer (d. 1762)
  • 1715Joseph Foullon de Doué, French soldier and politician, Controller-General of Finances (d. 1789)
  • 1755Natalia Alexeievna of Russia (d. 1776)
  • 1799David Douglas, Scottish-English botanist and explorer (d. 1834)
  • 1814Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist and engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1825James Farnell, Australian politician, 8th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1888)
  • 1852Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect, designed the Park Güell (d. 1926)
  • 1858Georges Courteline, French author and playwright (d. 1929)
  • 1860Gustave Charpentier, French composer and conductor (d. 1956)
  • 1863Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1864Walther Nernst, German chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)[3]
  • 1866Eloísa Díaz, Chilean doctor and Chile's first female physician (d. 1950)[4]
  • 1874Rose O'Neill, American cartoonist, illustrator, artist, and writer (d. 1944)
  • 1884Géza Gyóni, Hungarian soldier and poet (d. 1917)
  • 1884 – Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German-French art collector and historian (d. 1979)
  • 1886Henry H. Arnold, American general (d. 1950)
  • 1887George Abbott, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1887 – Frigyes Karinthy, Hungarian author, poet, and journalist (d. 1938)
  • 1892Shirō Ishii, Japanese microbiologist and general (d. 1959)
  • 1894Hermann Oberth, Romanian-German physicist and engineer (d. 1989)
  • 1898Kay Sage, American painter and poet (d. 1963)
  • 1900Marta Abba, Italian actress (d. 1988)
  • 1900 – Zinaida Aksentyeva, Ukrainian/Soviet astronomer (d. 1969)
  • 1900 – Georgia Hale, American silent film actress and real estate investor (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, English admiral and politician, 44th Governor-General of India (d. 1979)
  • 1901Harold Roe Bartle, American businessman and politician, 47th Mayor of Kansas City (d. 1974)
  • 1902Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu of Japan (d. 1953)
  • 1903George Orwell, British novelist, essayist, and critic (d. 1950)
  • 1903 – Anne Revere, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1905Rupert Wildt, German-American astronomer and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1907J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1908Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1911William Howard Stein, American chemist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1912William T. Cahill, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1913Cyril Fletcher, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1915Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (d. 1990)
  • 1917Nils Karlsson, Swedish skier (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Claude Seignolle, French author (d. 2018)
  • 1918P. H. Newby, English soldier and author (d. 1997)
  • 1920Lassie Lou Ahern, American actress (d. 2018)
  • 1921Celia Franca, English-Canadian ballerina and choreographer, founded the National Ballet of Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1922Johnny Smith, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1923Sam Francis, American soldier and painter (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Dorothy Gilman, American author (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Jamshid Amouzegar, 43rd Prime Minister of Iran (d. 2016)
  • 1924Sidney Lumet, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1924Dimitar Isakov, Bulgarian football player
  • 1924 – Madan Mohan, Iraqi-Indian composer and director (d. 1975)
  • 1924 – William J. Castagna, American lawyer and judge
  • 1925Clifton Chenier, American singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 1987)
  • 1925 – June Lockhart, American actress
  • 1925 – Clay Evans, American Baptist pastor (d. 2019)
  • 1925 – Robert Venturi, American architect and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Virginia Patton, American actress and businesswoman
  • 1926Margaret Anstee, English diplomat (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian author and poet (d. 1973)
  • 1926 – Kep Enderby, Australian lawyer, judge, and politician, 23rd Attorney-General for Australia (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Stig Sollander, Swedish Alpine skier (d. 2019)
  • 1927Antal Róka, Hungarian runner (d. 1970)
  • 1927 – Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Arnold Wolfendale, English astronomer and academic
  • 1928Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – John A. Wickham Jr., United States Army general
  • 1928 – Michel Brault, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Peyo, Belgian author and illustrator, created The Smurfs (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – Bill Russo, American pianist and composer (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Alex Toth, American animator and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1929Eric Carle, American author and illustrator
  • 1929 – Francesco Marchisano, Italian cardinal (d. 2014)
  • 1931V. P. Singh, Indian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of India (d. 2008)
  • 1932Peter Blake, English painter and illustrator
  • 1932 – Tim Parnell, English race car driver (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – George Sluizer, French-Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1933Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect, designed the Porto School of Architecture
  • 1934Jean Geissinger, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Jack W. Hayford, American minister and author
  • 1934 – Beatriz Sheridan, Mexican actress and director (d. 2006)
  • 1935Ray Butt, English television producer and director (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Salihu Ibrahim, Nigerian Army Officer (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Taufiq Ismail, Indonesian poet and activist
  • 1935 – Larry Kramer, American author, playwright, and activist, co-founded Gay Men's Health Crisis (d. 2020)
  • 1935 – Don Demeter, American professional baseball player
  • 1935 – Tony Lanfranchi, English race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Judy Howe, American artistic gymnast
  • 1935 – Charles Sheffield, English-American mathematician, physicist, and author (d. 2002)
  • 1936B. J. Habibie, Indonesian engineer and politician, 3rd President of Indonesia (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Bert Hölldobler, German biologist and entomologist
  • 1937Eddie Floyd, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter
  • 1937 – Derek Foster, Baron Foster of Bishop Auckland, English politician (d. 2019)
  • 1937 – Doreen Wells, English ballerina and actress
  • 1939Allen Fox, American tennis player and coach
  • 1940Judy Amoore, Australian runner
  • 1940 – Mary Beth Peil, American actress and singer
  • 1940 – A. J. Quinnell, English-Maltese author (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Clint Warwick, English bass player (d. 2004)
  • 1941Denys Arcand, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1941 – John Albert Raven, Scottish academic and ecologist
  • 1942Nikiforos Diamandouros, Greek academic and politician
  • 1942 – Willis Reed, American basketball player, coach, and manager
  • 1942 – Michel Tremblay, Canadian author and playwright
  • 1944Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1944 – Gary David Goldberg, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1945Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Baba Gana Kingibe, Nigerian politician
  • 1945 – Harry Womack, American singer (d. 1974)
  • 1946Roméo Dallaire, Dutch-Canadian general and politician
  • 1946 – Allen Lanier, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Ian McDonald, English guitarist and saxophonist
  • 1947John Hilton, English table tennis player
  • 1947 – John Powell, American discus thrower
  • 1947 – Jimmie Walker, American actor and comedian
  • 1949Richard Clarke, Irish archbishop
  • 1949 – Patrick Tambay, French race car driver
  • 1949 – Yoon Joo-sang, South Korean actor
  • 1950Marcello Toninelli, Italian author and screenwriter
  • 1951Eva Bayer-Fluckiger, Swiss mathematician and academic
  • 1952Péter Erdő, Hungarian cardinal
  • 1952 – Tim Finn, New Zealand singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Martin Gerschwitz, German singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1952 – Alan Green, Northern Irish sportscaster
  • 1952 – Kristina Abelli Elander, Swedish artist
  • 1953Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Ian Davis, Australian cricketer
  • 1954Mario Lessard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – David Paich, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Lina Romay, Spanish actress (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Daryush Shokof, Iranian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Sonia Sotomayor, American lawyer and judge
  • 1955Vic Marks, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1956Anthony Bourdain, American chef and author (d. 2018)
  • 1956 – Frank Paschek, German long jumper
  • 1956 – Boris Trajkovski, Macedonian politician, 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
  • 1956 – Craig Young, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1957Greg Millen, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1958George Becali, Romanian businessman, politician
  • 1959Lutz Dombrowski, German long jumper and educator
  • 1959 – Jari Puikkonen, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1959 – Bobbie Vaile, Australian astrophysicist and astronomer (d. 1996)
  • 1960Alastair Bruce of Crionaich, English-Scottish journalist and author
  • 1960 – Brian Hayward, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Craig Johnston, South African-Australian footballer and photographer
  • 1960 – Laurent Rodriguez, French rugby player
  • 1961Timur Bekmambetov, Kazakh director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Ricky Gervais, English comedian, actor, director, producer and singer
  • 1963John Benjamin Hickey, American actor
  • 1963 – Yann Martel, Spanish-Canadian author
  • 1963 – Doug Gilmour, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1963 – George Michael, English singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1963 – Mike Stanley, American baseball player
  • 1964Dell Curry, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964 – Phil Emery, Australian cricketer
  • 1964 – Johnny Herbert, English race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1964 – John McCrea, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1964 – Greg Raymer, American poker player and lawyer
  • 1965Napole Polutele, French politician
  • 1965 – Kerri Pottharst, Australian beach volleyball player
  • 1965 – Joseph Hii Teck Kwong, Malaysian bishop
  • 1966Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese-American basketball player
  • 1967Tracey Spicer, Australian journalist
  • 1968Adrian Garvey, Zimbabwean-South African rugby player
  • 1968 – Vaios Karagiannis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1969Hunter Foster, American actor and singer
  • 1969 – Zim Zum, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970Ariel Gore, American journalist and author
  • 1970 – Roope Latvala, Finnish guitarist
  • 1970 – Erki Nool, Estonian decathlete and politician
  • 1970 – Aaron Sele, American baseball player and scout
  • 1971Karen Darke, English cyclist and author
  • 1971 – Jason Gallian, Australian-English cricketer and educator
  • 1971 – Rod Kafer, Australian rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Neil Lennon, Northern Irish-Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Michael Tucker, American baseball player
  • 1972Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1972 – Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, Libyan engineer and politician
  • 1973René Corbet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Milan Hnilička, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Jamie Redknapp, English footballer and coach
  • 1974Nisha Ganatra, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Glen Metropolit, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975Kiur Aarma, Estonian journalist and producer
  • 1975 – Linda Cardellini, American actress
  • 1975 – Albert Costa, Spanish tennis player and coach
  • 1975 – Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player
  • 1975 – Michele Merkin, American model and television host
  • 1976José Cancela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976 – Iestyn Harris, Welsh rugby player and coach
  • 1976 – Carlos Nieto, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1976 – Neil Walker, American swimmer[5]
  • 1978Aramis Ramírez, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1978 – Luke Scott, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Marcus Stroud, American football player
  • 1979Marko Albert, Estonian swimmer and triathlete
  • 1979 – Richard Hughes, Scottish footballer
  • 1979 – Busy Philipps, American actress
  • 1981Simon Ammann, Swiss ski jumper
  • 1982Rain, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1982 – Mikhail Youzhny, Russian tennis player
  • 1983Todd Cooper, English swimmer
  • 1983 – Marc Janko, Austrian footballer
  • 1984Lauren Bush, American model and fashion designer
  • 1985Karim Matmour, Algerian footballer
  • 1986Aya Matsuura, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1986 – Seda Tokatlıoğlu, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1988Jhonas Enroth, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Miguel Layún, Mexican footballer
  • 1988 – Therese Johaug, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1989Jack Cork, English footballer
  • 1989 – Edgar Morais, Portuguese actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1989 – Rafael Morais, Portuguese actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1990Andi Eigenmann, Filipino actress
  • 1991Liisi Rist, Estonian cyclist
  • 1991 – Anna Zaja, German tennis player
  • 1996Pietro Fittipaldi, Brazilian-American race car driver
  • 1996 – Sione Mata'utia, Australian rugby league player
  • 1996 – Lele Pons, Latina-American Internet personality
  • 1998Kyle Chalmers, Australian swimmer
  • 2006Mckenna Grace, American actress

Deaths

  • 635Gao Zu, Chinese emperor (b. 566)
  • 841Gerard of Auvergne, Frankish nobleman
  • 841 – Ricwin of Nantes, Frankish nobleman
  • 891Sunderolt, German archbishop
  • 931An Chonghui, Chinese general
  • 1014Æthelstan Ætheling, son of Æthelred the Unready
  • 1031Sheng Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 972)
  • 1134Niels, king of Denmark (b. 1065)
  • 1218Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French politician, Lord High Steward (b. 1160)
  • 1291Eleanor of Provence, queen of England (b. 1223)
  • 1337Frederick III, king of Sicily (b. 1272)
  • 1394Dorothea of Montau, German hermitess (b. 1347)[6]
  • 1483Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English courtier and translator (b. 1440)
  • 1483 – Richard Grey, half brother of Edward V of England (b. 1458)
  • 1522Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer and theorist (b. 1451)
  • 1533Mary Tudor, queen of France (b. 1496)
  • 1579Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1541)
  • 1593Michele Mercati, Italian physician and archaeologist (b. 1541)
  • 1634John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
  • 1638Juan Pérez de Montalbán, Spanish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1602)
  • 1665Sigismund Francis, archduke of Austria (b. 1630)
  • 1669François de Vendôme, duke of Beaufort (b. 1616)
  • 1671Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian priest and astronomer (b. 1598)
  • 1673Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, French captain (b. 1611)
  • 1686Simon Ushakov, Russian painter and educator (b. 1626)
  • 1715Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and politician (b. 1646)
  • 1767Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer and theorist (b. 1681)
  • 1798Thomas Sandby, English cartographer, painter, and architect (b. 1721)
  • 1822E. T. A. Hoffmann, German composer, critic, and jurist (b. 1776)
  • 1835Ebenezer Pemberton, American educator (b. 1746)
  • 1838François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French general and engineer (b. 1774)
  • 1861Abdülmecid I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1823)
  • 1866Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish biologist and paleontologist (b. 1803)
  • 1868Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (b. 1811)
  • 1870David Heaton, American lawyer and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1875Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (b. 1796)
  • 1876James Calhoun, American lieutenant (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Boston Custer, American civilian army contractor (b. 1848)
  • 1876 – George Armstrong Custer, American general (b. 1839)
  • 1876 – Thomas Custer, American officer, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Myles Keogh, Irish-American officer (b. 1840)
  • 1882François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1884Hans Rott, Austrian organist and composer (b. 1858)
  • 1886Jean-Louis Beaudry, Canadian businessman and politician, 11th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1809)
  • 1894Marie François Sadi Carnot, French engineer and politician, 5th President of France (b. 1837)
  • 1906Stanford White, American architect, designed the Washington Square Arch (b. 1853)
  • 1912Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch-British painter (b. 1836)
  • 1916Thomas Eakins, American painter, photographer, and sculptor (b. 1844)
  • 1917Géza Gyóni, Hungarian soldier and poet (b. 1884)
  • 1918Jake Beckley, American baseball player and coach (b. 1867)
  • 1922Satyendranath Dutta, Indian poet and author (b. 1882)
  • 1937Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900)
  • 1939Richard Seaman, English race car driver (b. 1913)
  • 1943Arthur Goldstein, German Jewish left-wing activist (c. 1887)
  • 1944Dénes Berinkey, Hungarian jurist and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1871)
  • 1944 – Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer and actress (b. 1906)
  • 1947Jimmy Doyle, American boxer (b. 1924)
  • 1948William C. Lee, American general (b. 1895)
  • 1949Buck Freeman, American baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1949 – James Steen, American water polo player (b. 1876)
  • 1950Maurice O'Sullivan, Irish police officer and author (b. 1904)
  • 1958Alfred Noyes, English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1880)
  • 1959Charles Starkweather, American spree killer (b. 1938)
  • 1960Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player and manager (b. 1869)
  • 1968Tony Hancock, English comedian and actor (b. 1924)
  • 1971John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-Orr, Scottish physician, biologist, and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1972Jan Matulka, Czech-American painter and illustrator (b. 1890)
  • 1974Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician and physicist (b. 1893)
  • 1976Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter, co-founded Capitol Records (b. 1909)
  • 1977Olave Baden-Powell, British Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting leader (b. 1889)
  • 1977 – Endre Szervánszky, Hungarian pianist and composer (b. 1911)
  • 1979Dave Fleischer, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1894)
  • 1979 – Philippe Halsman, Latvian-American photographer (b. 1906)
  • 1981Felipe Cossío del Pomar, Peruvian painter and political activist (b. 1888)
  • 1983Alberto Ginastera, Argentinian pianist and composer (b. 1916)
  • 1984Michel Foucault, French historian and philosopher (b. 1926)
  • 1988Hillel Slovak, Israeli-American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1962)
  • 1990Ronald Gene Simmons, American sergeant and murderer (b. 1940)
  • 1992Jerome Brown, American football player (b. 1965)
  • 1995Warren E. Burger, Fifteenth Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Ernest Walton, Irish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1996Arthur Snelling, English civil servant and diplomat, British Ambassador to South Africa (b. 1914)
  • 1997Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer and explorer (b. 1910)
  • 2002Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician, 29th Canadian Minister of Labour (b. 1934)
  • 2003Lester Maddox, American businessman and politician, 75th Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
  • 2004Morton Coutts, New Zealand inventor (b. 1904)
  • 2005John Fiedler, American actor and voice artist (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Kâzım Koyuncu, Turkish singer-songwriter and activist (b. 1971)
  • 2006Jaap Penraat, Dutch-American humanitarian (b. 1918)
  • 2007J. Fred Duckett, American journalist and educator (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Jeeva, Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2008Lyall Watson, South African anthropologist and ethologist (b. 1939)
  • 2009Farrah Fawcett, American actress and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2009 – Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor (b. 1958)
  • 2009 – Sky Saxon, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2010Alan Plater, English playwright and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – Richard B. Sellars, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1915)
  • 2011Annie Easley, American computer scientist and mathematician (b. 1933)
  • 2011 – Goff Richards, English composer and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2011 – Margaret Tyzack, English actress (b. 1931)
  • 2012Shigemitsu Dandō, Japanese academic and jurist (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Campbell Gillies, Scottish jockey (b. 1990)
  • 2012 – George Randolph Hearst, Jr., American businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Lucella MacLean, American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Edgar Ross, American boxer (b. 1949)
  • 2013George Burditt, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Catherine Gibson, Scottish swimmer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Robert E. Gilka, American photographer and journalist (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Harry Parker, American rower and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Mildred Ladner Thompson, American journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Green Wix Unthank, American soldier and judge (b. 1923)
  • 2014Nigel Calder, English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Ana María Matute, Spanish author and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Ivan Plyushch, Ukrainian agronomist and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2015Patrick Macnee, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni, Egyptian-Armenian patriarch (b. 1940)
  • 2016Adam Small, South African writer of apartheid-period (b. 1936)
  • 2018Richard Benjamin Harrison, American businessman and reality television personality (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – David Goldblatt, South African photographer of apartheid-period (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances

  • Arbor Day (Philippines)
  • Christian feast day:
    • David of Munktorp
    • Eurosia
    • Maximus (Massimo) of Turin
    • Philipp Melanchthon (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America)
    • Presentation of the Augsburg Confession (Lutheran)
    • Prosper of Aquitaine
    • Prosper of Reggio
    • William of Montevergine
    • June 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Mozambique from Portugal in 1975.
  • National Catfish Day (United States)
  • Statehood Day (Slovenia)
  • Statehood Day (Virginia)
  • Teacher's Day (Guatemala)
  • World Vitiligo Day

References

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  6. Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN: 88-209-7210-7)

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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