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Events

  • 1312 BCMursili II launches a campaign against the Kingdom of Azzi-Hayasa.
  • 217 BC – The Romans, led by Gaius Flaminius, are ambushed and defeated by Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene.
  • 109 – Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, Script error: No such module "convert". northwest of Rome.
  • 474Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 637 – The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dál Riata. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland.[1]
  • 972Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place.[2]
  • 1128Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: Forces led by Afonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba.[3]
  • 1230 – The Siege of Jaén begins, in the context of the Spanish Reconquista.[4]
  • 1314First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce.[5]
  • 1340Hundred Years' War: Battle of Sluys: The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.
  • 1374 – A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
  • 1497John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.
  • 1509Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England.
  • 1535 – The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.
  • 1571Miguel López de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
  • 1604Samuel de Champlain discovers the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present-day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
  • 1622Battle of Macau: The Dutch make a failed attempt to capture Macau.
  • 1663 – The Spanish garrison of Évora capitulates, following the Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial.
  • 1717 – The Premier Grand Lodge of England is founded in London, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England).
  • 1762Battle of Wilhelmsthal: The British-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats French forces in Westphalia.
  • 1779American Revolutionary War: The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.
  • 1793 – The first Republican constitution in France is adopted.
  • 1812Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman river beginning the invasion of Russia.
  • 1813Battle of Beaver Dams: A British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army.
  • 1821 – The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
  • 1859Battle of Solferino (Battle of the Three Sovereigns): Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.
  • 1866Battle of Custoza: An Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
  • 1880 – First performance of O Canada at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français. The song would later become the national anthem of Canada.
  • 1894Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
  • 1902 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
  • 1913 – Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
  • 1916Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million-dollar contract.
  • 1918 – First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
  • 1922 – The American Professional Football Association is renamed the National Football League.
  • 1932 – A bloodless revolution instigated by the People's Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand).
  • 1938 – Pieces of a meteorite land near Chicora, Pennsylvania. The meteorite is estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded.
  • 1939 – Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the country's third prime minister.
  • 1940World War II: Operation Collar, the first British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company.
  • 1943 – US military police attempt to arrest a black soldier in Bamber Bridge, England, sparking the Battle of Bamber Bridge mutiny that leaves one dead and seven wounded.
  • 1947Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
  • 1948Cold War: Start of the Berlin Blockade: The Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible.
  • 1949 – The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, starring William Boyd, is aired on NBC.
  • 1950Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed, formally segregating races.
  • 1954First Indochina War: Battle of Mang Yang Pass: Viet Minh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê.
  • 1957 – In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.
  • 1963 – The United Kingdom grants Zanzibar internal self-government.
  • 1973 – The UpStairs Lounge arson attack takes place at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at 141 Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Thirty-two people die as a result of fire or smoke inhalation.
  • 1975Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 encounters severe wind shear and crashes on final approach to New York's JFK Airport killing 113 of the 124 passengers on board, making it the deadliest U.S. plane crash at the time. This accident led to decades of research into downburst and microburst phenomena and their effects on aircraft.[6]
  • 1981 – The Humber Bridge opens to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It remained the world's longest bridge span for 17 years.
  • 1982 – "The Jakarta Incident": British Airways Flight 9 flies into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.
  • 1989Jiang Zemin succeeds Zhao Ziyang to become the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
  • 1995Rugby World Cup: South Africa defeats New Zealand and Nelson Mandela presents Francois Pienaar with the Webb Ellis Cup in an iconic post-apartheid moment.
  • 2002 – The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.
  • 2004 – In New York, capital punishment is declared unconstitutional.
  • 2010 – At Wimbledon, John Isner of the United States defeats Nicolas Mahut of France, in the longest match in professional tennis history.
  • 2010 – Julia Gillard assumes office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 2012 – Death of Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise.
  • 2013 – Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is found guilty of abusing his power and engaging in sex with an underage prostitute, and is sentenced to seven years in prison.

Births

  • 1210 – Count Floris IV of Holland (d. 1234)
  • 1244Henry I, Landgrave of Hesse (d. 1308)
  • 1254Floris V, Count of Holland (d. 1296)
  • 1257Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford, English nobleman (probable;[7] d. 1331)
  • 1314Philippa of Hainault Queen of England (d. 1369)
  • 1322Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (d. 1406)
  • 1343Joan of Valois, Queen of Navarre (d. 1373)
  • 1360Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general
  • 1386John of Capistrano, Italian priest and saint (d. 1456)
  • 1465Isabella del Balzo, Queen Consort of Naples (d. 1533)
  • 1485Johannes Bugenhagen, Polish-German priest and reformer (d. 1558)[8]
  • 1485 – Elizabeth of Denmark, Electress of Brandenburg (d. 1555)
  • 1499Johannes Brenz, German theologian and the Protestant Reformer (d. 1570)
  • 1519Theodore Beza, French theologian and scholar (d. 1605)
  • 1532Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, English politician (d. 1588)
  • 1532 – William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1573)
  • 1535Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal (d. 1573)
  • 1546Robert Persons, English Jesuit priest, insurrectionist, and author (d. 1610)
  • 1587William Arnold, English-American settler (d. 1675)
  • 1591Mustafa I, Ottoman sultan (d. 1639)
  • 1614John Belasyse, 1st Baron Belasyse
  • 1616Ferdinand Bol, Dutch painter, etcher and draftsman, student of Rembrandt (d. 1680)
  • 1661Hachisuka Tsunanori, Japanese daimyō (d. 1730)
  • 1663Jean Baptiste Massillon, French bishop (d. 1742)
  • 1687Johann Albrecht Bengel, German-Lutheran clergyman and scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1694Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss author and theorist (d. 1748)
  • 1704Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French philosopher and author (d. 1771)
  • 1753William Hull, American general and politician, 1st Governor of Michigan Territory (d. 1825)
  • 1755Anacharsis Cloots, Prussian-French activist (d. 1794)
  • 1767Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès, French geographer and author (d. 1846)
  • 1771Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, French chemist and businessman, founded DuPont (d. 1834)
  • 1774Antonio González de Balcarce, Argentinian commander and politician, 5th Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (d. 1819)
  • 1774 – François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French general and engineer (d. 1838)
  • 1777John Ross, Scottish commander and explorer (d. 1856)
  • 1782Juan Larrea, Argentinian captain and politician (d. 1847)
  • 1783Johann Heinrich von Thünen, German economist and geographer (d. 1850)
  • 1784Juan Antonio Lavalleja, Uruguayan general and politician, President of Uruguay (d. 1853)
  • 1788Thomas Blanchard, American inventor (d. 1864)
  • 1795Ernst Heinrich Weber, German physician and psychologist (d. 1878)
  • 1797John Hughes, Irish-American archbishop (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish geologist and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1804Stephan Endlicher, Austrian botanist, numismatist, and sinologist (d. 1849)
  • 1804 – Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • 1811John Archibald Campbell, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1889)
  • 1813Henry Ward Beecher, American minister and reformer (d. 1887)
  • 1813 – Francis Boott, American composer (d. 1904)
  • 1821Guillermo Rawson, Argentinian physician and politician (d. 1890)
  • 1826George Goyder, English-Australian surveyor (d. 1898)
  • 1835Johannes Wislicenus, German chemist and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1838Jan Matejko, Polish painter (d. 1893)
  • 1839Gustavus Franklin Swift, American businessman (d. 1903)
  • 1842Ambrose Bierce, American short story writer, essayist, and journalist (d. 1914)
  • 1846Samuel Johnson, Nigerian priest and historian (d. 1901)
  • 1850Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Irish field marshal and politician, Governor-General of Sudan (d. 1916)
  • 1852Friedrich Loeffler, German bacteriologist and academic (d. 1915)
  • 1854Eleanor Norcross, American painter (d. 1923)[9]
  • 1856Henry Chapman Mercer, American archaeologist and author (d. 1930)
  • 1858Hastings Rashdall, English historian, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1924)
  • 1865Robert Henri, American painter and educator (d. 1929)
  • 1867Ruth Randall Edström, American educator and activist (d. 1944)
  • 1869Prince George of Greece and Denmark (d. 1957)
  • 1872Frank Crowninshield, American journalist and art and theatre critic (d. 1947)
  • 1875Forrest Reid, Irish novelist, literary critic and translator (d. 1947)
  • 1880Oswald Veblen, American mathematician and academic (g. 1960)
  • 1880 – João Cândido Felisberto, Brazilian revolutionary and sailor (d. 1969)
  • 1881George Shiels, Irish-Canadian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1949)
  • 1882Athanase David, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1953)
  • 1882 – Carl Diem, German businessman (d. 1962)
  • 1883Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – Fritz Löhner-Beda, Jewish Austrian librettist, lyricist and writer (d.1942)
  • 1883 – Jean Metzinger, French artist (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Arthur L. Newton, American runner (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Frank Verner, American runner (d. 1966)
  • 1884Frank Waller, American runner (d. 1941)
  • 1885Olaf Holtedahl, Norwegian geologist (d. 1975)
  • 1888Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect, designed the Rietveld Schröder House (d. 1964)
  • 1893Roy O. Disney, American businessman, co-founded The Walt Disney Company (d. 1971)
  • 1895Jack Dempsey, American boxer and soldier (d. 1983)
  • 1898Armin Öpik, Estonian-Australian paleontologist and geologist (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Karl Selter, Estonian politician, 14th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Estonia (d. 1958)
  • 1900Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician and engineer (d. 1945)
  • 1901Marcel Mule, French saxophonist (d. 2001)
  • 1901 – Harry Partch, American composer and theorist (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Chuck Taylor, American basketball player and salesman (d. 1969)
  • 1904Phil Harris, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1905Fred Alderman, American sprinter (d. 1998)
  • 1906Pierre Fournier, French cellist and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Willard Maas, American poet and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1907Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet and translator (d. 1989)
  • 1908Hugo Distler, German organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian colonel (d. 1976)
  • 1909Jean Deslauriers, Canadian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – William Penney, Baron Penney, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Betty Cavanna, American author (d. 2001)[10]
  • 1911Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Ernesto Sabato, Argentinian physicist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – Portia White, Canadian opera singer (d. 1968)[11]
  • 1912Brian Johnston, English sportscaster and author (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Mary Wesley, English author (d. 2002)
  • 1913Gustaaf Deloor, Belgian cyclist and soldier (d. 2002)
  • 1914Jan Karski, Polish-American activist and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Pearl Witherington, French secret agent (d. 2008)
  • 1915Fred Hoyle, English astronomer and author (d. 2001)
  • 1916William B. Saxbe, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 70th United States Attorney General (d. 2010)
  • 1916 – Saloua Raouda Choucair, Lebanese painter and sculptor (d. 2017)
  • 1917David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1917 – Lucy Jarvis, American television producer (d. 2020)
  • 1917 – Ramblin' Tommy Scott, American singer and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Joan Clarke, English cryptanalyst and numismatist (d. 1996)
  • 1918Mildred Ladner Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Yong Nyuk Lin, Singaporean businessman and politician, Singaporean Minister for Education (d. 2012)
  • 1919Al Molinaro, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1921Gerhard Sommer, German soldier
  • 1922Jack Carter, American actor and comedian (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – John Postgate, English microbiologist, author, and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Richard Timberlake, American economist
  • 1923Margaret Olley, Australian painter and philanthropist (d. 2011)
  • 1924Kurt Furgler, Swiss politician, 70th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Archie Roy, Scottish astronomer and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Yoshito Takamine, American politician (d. 2015)
  • 1925Ogden Reid, American politician (d. 2019)
  • 1927Fernand Dumont, Canadian sociologist, philosopher, and poet (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – James B. Edwards, American dentist, soldier, and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Energy (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • 1929Carolyn S. Shoemaker, American astronomer
  • 1930Claude Chabrol, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Donald Gordon, South African businessman and philanthropist (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – William Bernard Ziff, Jr., American publisher (d. 2006)
  • 1931Billy Casper, American golfer and architect (d. 2015)
  • 1932David McTaggart, Canadian-Italian environmentalist (d. 2001)
  • 1933Sam Jones, American basketball player and coach
  • 1933 – Ngina Kenyatta, 1st First Lady of Kenya
  • 1934Ferdinand Biwersi, German footballer and referee (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Jean-Pierre Ferland, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1934 – Gloria Christian, Italian singer
  • 1935Terry Riley, American composer and educator
  • 1935 – Jean Milesi, French racing cyclist
  • 1935 – Charlie Dees, American baseball player
  • 1937Anita Desai, Indian-American author and academic
  • 1938Lawrence Block, American author
  • 1938 – Abulfaz Elchibey, 1st democratically elected Azerbaijani president (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Ken Gray, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1992)
  • 1939Brigitte Fontaine, French singer
  • 1940Ian Ross, Australian newsreader (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Vittorio Storaro, Italian cinematographer
  • 1941Erkin Koray, Turkish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French psychoanalyst and author
  • 1941 – Graham McKenzie, Australian cricketer
  • 1942Arthur Brown, English rock singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – Mick Fleetwood, English-American drummer
  • 1942 – Michele Lee, American actress and singer
  • 1942 – Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, Chilean engineer and politician, 32nd President of Chile
  • 1942 – Colin Groves, Australian academician and educator
  • 1943Birgit Grodal, Danish economist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1944Jeff Beck, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944 – Kathryn Lasky, American author
  • 1944 – Chris Wood, English saxophonist (d. 1983)
  • 1945Colin Blunstone, English singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Wayne Cashman, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1945 – George Pataki, American lawyer and politician, 53rd Governor of New York
  • 1945 – Betty Stöve, Dutch tennis player
  • 1946David Collenette, Canadian civil servant and politician, 32nd Canadian Minister of National Defence
  • 1946 – Ellison Onizuka, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – Robert Reich, American economist and politician, 22nd United States Secretary of Labor
  • 1947Clarissa Dickson Wright, English chef, author, and television personality (d. 2014)[12]
  • 1947 – Peter Weller, American actor and director
  • 1948Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1949John Illsley, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1949 – Betty Jackson, English fashion designer
  • 1950Nancy Allen, American actress
  • 1950 – Bob Carlos Clarke, Irish-born English photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Jan Kulczyk, Polish businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Mercedes Lackey, American author
  • 1951Raelene Boyle, Australian sprinter
  • 1951 – Charles Sturridge, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952Dianna Melrose, English diplomat, British High Commissioner to Tanzania
  • 1952 – Bob Neill, English lawyer and politician
  • 1953William E. Moerner, American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1953 – Michael Tuck, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1955Chris Higgins, English geneticist and academic
  • 1955 – Edmund Malura, German footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Loren Roberts, American golfer
  • 1956Owen Paterson, English politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1957Mark Parkinson, American lawyer and politician, 45th Governor of Kansas
  • 1958Jean Charest, Canadian lawyer and politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1958 – Silvio Mondinelli, Italian mountaineer
  • 1958 – John Tortorella, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959Andy McCluskey, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1960Elish Angiolini, Scottish lawyer, judge, and politician, Solicitor General for Scotland
  • 1960 – Siedah Garrett, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1960 – Karin Pilsäter, Swedish accountant and politician
  • 1960 – Erik Poppe, Norwegian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
  • 1961Dennis Danell, American singer and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1961 – Iain Glen, Scottish actor
  • 1961 – Bernie Nicholls, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1961 – Ralph E. Reed, Jr., American journalist and activist
  • 1961 – Curt Smith, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1963Yuri Kasparyan, Russian guitarist
  • 1963 – Preki, Serbian-American soccer player and coach
  • 1963 – Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator (d. 2007)
  • 1964Jean-Luc Delarue, French television host and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1964 – Kathryn Parminter, Baroness Parminter, English politician
  • 1964 – Gary Suter, American ice hockey player and scout
  • 1965Claude Bourbonnais, Canadian race car driver
  • 1965 – Uwe Krupp, German ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Richard Lumsden, English actor, writer, composer and musician
  • 1966Hope Sandoval, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1966 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1967Janez Lapajne, Slovenian director and producer
  • 1967 – John Limniatis, Greek-Canadian footballer and manager
  • 1968Alaa Abdelnaby, Egyptian-American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1970Glenn Medeiros, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Bernardo Sassetti, Portuguese pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1972Robbie McEwen, Australian cyclist
  • 1972 – Denis Žvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1973Alexis Gauthier, French chef
  • 1973 – Jere Lehtinen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1974Dan Byles, English sailor, rower, and politician
  • 1974 – Chris Guccione, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1975Marek Malík, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Federico Pucciariello, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1976Brock Olivo, American football player and coach
  • 1977Dimos Dikoudis, Greek basketball player and manager
  • 1977 – Jeff Farmer, Australian footballer
  • 1978Luis García, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Pantelis Kafes, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Shunsuke Nakamura, Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Ariel Pink, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Juan Román Riquelme, Argentinian footballer
  • 1978 – Emppu Vuorinen, Finnish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1979Mindy Kaling, American actress and producer
  • 1979 – Petra Němcová, Czech model and philanthropist
  • 1980Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Nina Dübbers, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Andrew Jones, Australian race car driver
  • 1980 – Minka Kelly, American actress
  • 1982Kevin Nolan, English footballer
  • 1982 – Jarret Stoll, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983Rebecca Cooke, English swimmer
  • 1983 – Gianni Munari, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Gard Nilssen, Norwegian drummer
  • 1983 – David Shillington, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984Andrea Raggi, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – J.J. Redick, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Johanna Welin, Swedish-born German wheelchair basketball player
  • 1985Diego Alves Carreira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Tom Kennedy, English footballer
  • 1985 – Ethan Klein, American YouTuber
  • 1985 – Nate Myles, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Vernon Philander, South African cricketer
  • 1985 – Yukina Shirakawa, Japanese model
  • 1986Stuart Broad, English cricketer
  • 1986 – Phil Hughes, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Solange Knowles, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1987Simona Dobrá, Czech tennis player
  • 1987 – Lionel Messi, Argentinian footballer[13]
  • 1987 – Pierre Vaultier, French snowboarder[14]
  • 1988Micah Richards, English footballer
  • 1989Teklemariam Medhin, Eritrean runner[15]
  • 1990Michael Del Zotto, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Richard Sukuta-Pasu, German footballer
  • 1991Yasmin Paige, English actress
  • 1991 – Aidan Sezer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992David Alaba, Austrian footballer
  • 1996Duki, Argentinian rapper

Deaths

  • 994Abu Isa al-Warraq, Arab scholar (b. 889)
  • 1046Jeongjong II, Korean ruler (b. 1018)
  • 1088William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, Norman nobleman
  • 1314Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester, English commander (b. 1291)
  • 1314 – Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, English soldier and politician, Lord Warden of the Marches (b. 1274)
  • 1398Hongwu, Chinese emperor (b. 1328)
  • 1439Frederick IV, duke of Austria (b. 1382)
  • 1503Reginald Bray, English architect and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1440)
  • 1519Lucrezia Borgia, Italian wife of Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara (b. 1480)
  • 1520Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese commander (b. 1489)
  • 1604Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English courtier, Lord Great Chamberlain (b. 1550)
  • 1637Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer and historian (b. 1580)
  • 1643John Hampden, English politician (b. 1595)
  • 1766Adrien Maurice de Noailles, French soldier and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1678)
  • 1778Pieter Burman the Younger, Dutch philologist and academic (b. 1714)
  • 1803Matthew Thornton, Irish-American judge and politician (b. 1714)
  • 1817Thomas McKean, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1734)
  • 1835Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician (b. 1769)
  • 1902George Leake, Australian politician, 2nd Premier of Western Australia (b. 1856)
  • 1908Grover Cleveland, American lawyer and politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (b. 1837)
  • 1909Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, short story writer, and poet (b. 1849)
  • 1922Walther Rathenau, German businessman and politician, 7th German Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1867)
  • 1931Otto Mears, Russian-American businessman (b. 1840)
  • 1931 – Xiang Zhongfa, Chinese politician, 2nd General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (b. 1880)
  • 1932Ernst Põdder, Estonian general (b. 1879)
  • 1943Camille Roy, Canadian priest and critic (b. 1870)
  • 1946Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)
  • 1947Emil Seidel, American politician, Mayor of Milwaukee (b. 1864)
  • 1962Volfgangs Dārziņš, Latvian composer, pianist and music critic (b. 1906)
  • 1964Stuart Davis, American painter and academic (b. 1892)
  • 1968Tony Hancock, English actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1969Frank King, American cartoonist (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Willy Ley, German-American historian and author (b. 1906)
  • 1975Wendell Ladner, Profesional Basketball Player in the ABA
  • 1976Minor White, American photographer, critic, and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1978Robert Charroux, French author and critic (b. 1909)
  • 1980V. V. Giri, Indian lawyer and politician, 4th President of India (b. 1894)[16]
  • 1984Clarence Campbell, Canadian businessman (b. 1905)
  • 1987Jackie Gleason, American actor, comedian, and producer (b. 1916)
  • 1988Csaba Kesjár, Hungarian race car driver (b. 1962)
  • 1991Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-American author and playwright (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter and illustrator (b. 1899)
  • 1994Jean Vallerand, Canadian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995Andrew J. Transue, American politician and attorney Morissette v. United States (b. 1903)
  • 1997Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000Vera Atkins, British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – David Tomlinson, English actor and comedian (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Rodrigo Bueno, Argentine cuarteto singer (b. 1973)
  • 2001Konstantin Gerchik, the second head of the world's first cosmodrome — "Baikonur" (1958-1961).
  • 2002Pierre Werner, Luxembourgian banker and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
  • 2004Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter and author (b. 1957)
  • 2005Paul Winchell, American actor, voice artist, and ventriloquist (b. 1922)
  • 2007Natasja Saad, Danish rapper and reggae singer (b. 1974)
  • 2007 – Chris Benoit, Canadian wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer and manager (b. 1938)
  • 2008Gerhard Ringel, Austrian mathematician and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2009Roméo LeBlanc, Canadian journalist and politician, 25th Governor General of Canada (b. 1927)
  • 2010Fred Anderson, American jazz tenor saxophonist (b. 1929)
  • 2011Tomislav Ivić, Croatian football coach and manager (b. 1933)
  • 2012Darrel Akerfelds, American baseball player and coach (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Gad Beck, German author and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Gu Chaohao, Chinese mathematician and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Miki Roqué, Spanish footballer (b. 1988)
  • 2012 – Ann C. Scales, American lawyer, educator, and activist (b. 1952)
  • 2013Mick Aston, English archaeologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Emilio Colombo, Italian politician, 40th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Joannes Gijsen, Dutch bishop (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – William Hathaway, American lawyer and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – James Martin, English-Bermudian computer scientist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Alan Myers, American drummer (b. 1955)
  • 2014John Clement, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Olga Kotelko, Canadian runner and softball player (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Ramón José Velásquez, Venezuelan journalist, lawyer, and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Eli Wallach, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2015Cristiano Araújo, Brazilian singer-songwriter (b. 1986)
  • 2015 – Mario Biaggi, American police officer, politician and criminal (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Marva Collins, American author and educator (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Susan Ahn Cuddy, American lieutenant (b. 1915)


Holidays and observances

  • Army Day or Battle of Carabobo Day (Venezuela)
  • Bannockburn Day (Scotland)
  • Christian feast day:
    • María Guadalupe García Zavala
    • Nativity of Saint John the Baptist
    • June 24 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the Caboclo (Amazonas, Brazil)
  • Discovery Day, observed on the nearest Monday to June 24 (Newfoundland and Labrador)
  • Earliest day on which Armed Forces Day can fall, while June 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Saturday in June. (United Kingdom)
  • Earliest day on which Inventors' and Rationalizers' Day can fall, while June 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Saturday in June. (Russia)
  • Earliest day on which Mother's Day can fall, while June 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in June. (Kenya)
  • Earliest day on which Youth Day can fall, while Jun 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in June. (Ukraine, Belarus)
  • Inti Raymi, a winter solstice festival and a New Year in the Andes of the Southern Hemisphere (Sacsayhuamán)
  • St John's Day and the second day of the Midsummer celebrations (although this is not the astronomical summer solstice, see June 20) (Roman Catholic Church, Europe), and its related observances:
  • Fors Fortuna, ancient Roman festival to Fortuna

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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