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  2021 (Wednesday)
  2020 (Tuesday)
  2019 (Sunday)
  2018 (Saturday)
  2017 (Friday)
  2016 (Thursday)
  2015 (Tuesday)
  2014 (Monday)
  2013 (Sunday)
  2012 (Saturday)

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Events

  • 363 – Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal, Roman forces suffer several attacks from the Persians.
  • 632Yazdegerd III ascends the throne as king (shah) of the Persian Empire. He becomes the last ruler of the Sasanian dynasty (modern Iran).
  • 1407Ming–Hồ War: Retired King Hồ Quý Ly and his son King Hồ Hán Thương of Hồ dynasty are captured by the Ming armies.
  • 1487Battle of Stoke Field: King Henry VII of England defeats the leaders of a Yorkist rebellion in the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses.[1]
  • 1586Mary, Queen of Scots, recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir and successor.
  • 1745War of the Austrian Succession: New England colonial troops under the command of William Pepperrell capture the Fortress of Louisbourg in Louisbourg, New France (Old Style date).
  • 1746 – War of the Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.
  • 1755French and Indian War: The French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians.
  • 1779 – Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.
  • 1795French Revolutionary Wars: In what became known as Cornwallis's Retreat, a British Royal Navy squadron led by Vice Admiral William Cornwallis strongly resists a much larger French Navy force and withdraws largely intact, setting up the French Navy defeat at the Battle of Groix six days later.
  • 1811 – Survivors of an attack the previous day by Tla-o-qui-aht on board the Pacific Fur Company's ship Tonquin, intentionally detonate a powder magazine on the ship, destroying it and killing about 100 attackers.[2]
  • 1815Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras, two days before the Battle of Waterloo.
  • 1819 – A major earthquake strikes the Kutch district of western India, killing over 1,543 people and raising a 6 m high, 6 km wide, ridge, extending for at least 80 km, that was known as the Allah Bund ("Dam of God").[3]
  • 1836 – The formation of the London Working Men's Association gives rise to the Chartist Movement.
  • 1846 – The Papal conclave of 1846 elects Pope Pius IX, beginning the longest reign in the history of the papacy.
  • 1858Abraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.
  • 1871 – The Universities Tests Act 1871 allows students to enter the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests (except for those intending to study theology).
  • 1883 – The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England, kills 183 children.
  • 1884 – The first purpose-built roller coaster, LaMarcus Adna Thompson's "Switchback Railway", opens in New York's Coney Island amusement park.
  • 1897 – A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.
  • 1903 – The Ford Motor Company is incorporated.
  • 1903 – Roald Amundsen leaves Oslo, Norway, to commence the first east–west navigation of the Northwest Passage.
  • 1904Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolay Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
  • 1904 – Irish author James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle and subsequently uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses; this date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday".
  • 1911IBM founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York.
  • 1922 – General election in the Irish Free State: The pro-Treaty Sinn Féin party wins a large majority.
  • 1925 – The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the Soviet Union, Artek, is established.
  • 1930Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
  • 1933 – The National Industrial Recovery Act is passed in the United States, allowing businesses to avoid antitrust prosecution if they establish voluntary wage, price, and working condition regulations on an industry-wide basis.[4]
  • 1940World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français).
  • 1940 – A Communist government is installed in Lithuania.
  • 1944 – In a gross miscarriage of justice, George Junius Stinney Jr., age 14, becomes the youngest person executed in the United States in the 20th century after being convicted in a two-hour trial for the rape and murder of two teenage white girls.[5]
  • 1948 – Members of the Malayan Communist Party kill three British plantation managers in Sungai Siput; in response, British Malaya declares a state of emergency.
  • 1955 – In a futile effort to topple Argentine President Juan Perón, rogue aircraft pilots of the Argentine Navy drop several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of Perón in Buenos Aires, killing 364 and injuring at least 800. At the same time on the ground, some soldiers attempt to stage a coup but are suppressed by loyal forces.
  • 1958Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter and other leaders of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising are executed.
  • 1961 – While on tour with the Kirov Ballet in Paris, Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union.[6]
  • 1963 – Soviet Space Program: Vostok 6 mission: Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
  • 1963 – In an attempt to resolve the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam, a Joint Communique was signed between President Ngo Dinh Diem and Buddhist leaders.
  • 1972 – The largest single-site hydroelectric power project in Canada is inaugurated at Churchill Falls Generating Station.
  • 1976Soweto uprising: A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa, turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd.
  • 1977Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL), by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
  • 1981 – US President Ronald Reagan awards the Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor, Canada's former ambassador to Iran, for helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis of 1979–81; he is the first foreign citizen bestowed the honor.
  • 1989Revolutions of 1989: Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian prime minister, is reburied in Budapest following the collapse of Communism in Hungary.
  • 1997 – Fifty people are killed in the Daïat Labguer (M'sila) massacre in Algeria.
  • 2000 – The Secretary-General of the UN reports that Israel has complied with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425, 22 years after its issuance, and completely withdrew from Lebanon. The Resolution does not encompass the Shebaa farms, which is claimed by Israel, Syria and Lebanon.[7]
  • 2010Bhutan becomes the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco.
  • 2012 – China successfully launches its Shenzhou 9 spacecraft, carrying three astronauts, including the first female Chinese astronaut Liu Yang, to the Tiangong-1 orbital module.[8]
  • 2012 – The United States Air Force's robotic Boeing X-37B spaceplane returns to Earth after a classified 469-day orbital mission.[9]
  • 2013 – A multi-day cloudburst, centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand, causes devastating floods and landslides, becoming the country's worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami.
  • 2016Shanghai Disneyland Park, the first Disney Park in Mainland China, opens to the public.[10]
  • 2019 – Upwards of 2,000,000 people participate in the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, the largest in Hong Kong's history.[11]

Births

  • 1139Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)
  • 1332Isabella de Coucy, English daughter of Edward III of England (d. 1379)[12]
  • 1454Joanna of Aragon, Queen of Naples (d. 1517)
  • 1514John Cheke, English academic and politician, English Secretary of State (d. 1557)
  • 1516Yang Jisheng, Ming dynasty official and Confucian martyr (d. 1555)[13]
  • 1583Axel Oxenstierna, Swedish politician, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden (d. 1654)
  • 1591Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Greek-Italian physician, mathematician, and theorist (d. 1655)
  • 1606Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier and politician (d. 1675)
  • 1613John Cleveland, English poet and educator (d. 1658)
  • 1625Samuel Chappuzeau, French scholar (d. 1701)
  • 1633Jean de Thévenot, French linguist and botanist (d. 1667)
  • 1644Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland (d. 1670)
  • 1653James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon, English nobleman (d. 1699)
  • 1713Meshech Weare, American farmer, lawyer, and politician, 1st Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1786)
  • 1723Adam Smith, Scottish philosopher and economist (d. 1790)
  • 1738Mary Katherine Goddard, American publisher (d. 1816)[14]
  • 1754Salawat Yulayev, Russian poet (d. 1800)
  • 1792John Linnell, English painter and engraver (d. 1882)
  • 1801Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1806Edward Davy, English physician and chemist (d. 1885)
  • 1813Otto Jahn, German archaeologist and philologist (d. 1869)
  • 1820Athanase Josué Coquerel, Dutch-French preacher and theologian (d. 1875)
  • 1821Old Tom Morris, Scottish golfer and architect (d. 1908)
  • 1826Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897)
  • 1829Geronimo, American tribal leader (d. 1909)
  • 1836Wesley Merritt, American general and politician, Military Governor of the Philippines (d. 1910)
  • 1837Ernst Laas, German philosopher and academic (d. 1885)
  • 1838Frederic Archer, English organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1901)
  • 1838 – Cushman Kellogg Davis, American lieutenant and politician, 7th Governor of Minnesota (d. 1900)
  • 1840Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer and author (d. 1913)
  • 1850Max Delbrück, German chemist and academic (d. 1919)
  • 1857Arthur Arz von Straußenburg, Austrian-Hungarian general (d. 1935)
  • 1858Gustaf V of Sweden (d. 1950)
  • 1863Francisco León de la Barra, Mexican politician and diplomat (d. 1939)[15]
  • 1866Germanos Karavangelis, Greek-Austrian metropolitan (d. 1935)
  • 1874Arthur Meighen, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1960)
  • 1880Otto Eisenschiml, Austrian-American chemist and author (d. 1963)
  • 1882Mohammad Mosaddegh, Iranian educator and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
  • 1885Erich Jacoby, Estonian-Polish architect (d. 1941)
  • 1888Alexander Friedmann, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1888 – Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • 1890Stan Laurel, English actor and comedian (d. 1965)
  • 1896Murray Leinster, American author and screenwriter (d. 1976)
  • 1897Georg Wittig, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1899Helen Traubel, American operatic soprano (d. 1972)
  • 1902Barbara McClintock, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1902 – George Gaylord Simpson, American paleontologist and author (d. 1984)
  • 1906Alan Fairfax, Australian cricketer (d. 1955)
  • 1907Jack Albertson, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1909Archie Carr, American ecologist and zoologist (d. 1987)
  • 1910Juan Velasco Alvarado, Peruvian general and politician, 1st President of Peru (d. 1977)
  • 1912Albert Chartier, Canadian illustrator (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Enoch Powell, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Health (d. 1998)
  • 1914Eleanor Sokoloff, American pianist and teacher (d. 2020)
  • 1915John Tukey, American mathematician and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Marga Faulstich, German glass chemist (d. 1998)
  • 1917Phaedon Gizikis, Greek general and politician, President of Greece (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Katharine Graham, American publisher (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Aurelio Lampredi, Italian automobile and aircraft engine designer (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Irving Penn, American photographer (d. 2009)
  • 1920Isabelle Holland, Swiss-American author (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Raymond Lemieux, Canadian chemist and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – José López Portillo, Mexican lawyer and politician, 31st President of Mexico (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Hemanta Mukherjee, Indian singer and music director
  • 1922Ilmar Kullam, Estonian basketball player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1923Ron Flockhart, Scottish race car driver (d. 1962)
  • 1924Faith Domergue, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1925Jean d'Ormesson, French journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Otto Muehl, Austrian-Portuguese painter and director (d. 2013)
  • 1926Efraín Ríos Montt, Guatemalan general and politician, 26th President of Guatemala (d. 2018)
  • 1927Tom Graveney, English cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Ya'akov Hodorov, Israeli footballer (d. 2006)[16]
  • 1927 – Herbert Lichtenfeld, German author and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Ariano Suassuna, Brazilian author and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1929Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait
  • 1930Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1934Eileen Atkins, English actress and screenwriter
  • 1934 – Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1935Jim Dine, American painter and illustrator
  • 1937Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Bulgarian politician, 48th Prime Minister of Bulgaria
  • 1937 – Erich Segal, American author and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1938Thomas Boyd-Carpenter, English general
  • 1938 – Torgny Lindgren, Swedish author and poet (d. 2017)
  • 1938 – Joyce Carol Oates, American novelist, short story writer, critic, and poet
  • 1939Billy "Crash" Craddock, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940Māris Čaklais, Latvian poet, writer, and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Neil Goldschmidt, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Governor of Oregon
  • 1941Rosalind Baker, Australian author
  • 1941 – Lamont Dozier, American songwriter and producer
  • 1941 – Tommy Horton, English golfer (d. 2017)
  • 1941 – Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist (d. 2011)
  • 1942Giacomo Agostini, Italian motorcycle racer and manager
  • 1942 – Eddie Levert, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter, musician, and actor
  • 1944Henri Richelet, French painter and etcher
  • 1945Claire Alexander, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1945 – Lucienne Robillard, Canadian social worker and politician, 59th Secretary of State for Canada
  • 1946Rick Adelman, American basketball player and coach
  • 1946 – John Astor, 3rd Baron Astor of Hever, English businessman and politician
  • 1946 – Karen Dunnell, English statistician and academic
  • 1946 – Tom Harrell, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1946 – Neil MacGregor, Scottish historian and curator
  • 1946 – Iain Matthews, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Jodi Rell, American politician, 87th Governor of Connecticut
  • 1946 – Mark Ritts, American actor, puppeteer, and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1946 – Derek Sanderson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1946 – Simon Williams, English actor and playwright
  • 1947Tom Malone, American trombonist, composer, and producer
  • 1947 – Buddy Roberts, American wrestler (d. 2012)
  • 1947 – Al Cowlings, American ex-NFL player and close friend of O. J. Simpson and Nicole Brown Simpson
  • 1947 – Tom Wyner, English-American voice actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948Ron LeFlore, American baseball player and manager
  • 1949Paulo Cézar Caju, Brazilian footballer
  • 1949 – Ralph Mann, American hurdler and author
  • 1950Mithun Chakraborty, Indian actor and politician
  • 1950 – Michel Clair, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1950 – Jerry Petrowski, American politician and farmer
  • 1951Charlie Dominici, American singer and guitarist
  • 1951 – Roberto Durán, Panamanian boxer
  • 1952George Papandreou, Greek sociologist and politician, 182nd Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1952 – Gino Vannelli, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1953Valerie Mahaffey, American actress
  • 1953 – Ian Mosley, English drummer
  • 1954Matthew Saad Muhammad, American boxer and trainer (d. 2014)
  • 1954 – Garry Roberts, Irish guitarist
  • 1955Grete Faremo, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Defence
  • 1955 – Laurie Metcalf, American actress
  • 1955 – Artemy Troitsky, Russian journalist and critic
  • 1957Ian Buchanan, Scottish-American actor
  • 1957 – Leeona Dorrian, Lady Dorrian, Scottish lawyer and judge
  • 1958Darrell Griffith, American basketball player
  • 1958 – Ulrike Tauber, German swimmer
  • 1958 – Warren Rodwell, Australian soldier, educator and musician
  • 1959The Ultimate Warrior, American wrestler (d. 2014)
  • 1960Peter Sterling, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1961Can Dündar, Turkish journalist and author
  • 1961 – Robbie Kerr, Australian cricketer
  • 1961 – Steve Larmer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Margus Metstak, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1962Wally Joyner, American baseball player and coach
  • 1962 – Arnold Vosloo, South African-American actor
  • 1962 – Anthony Wong, Hong Kong singer
  • 1963The Sandman, American wrestler
  • 1964Danny Burstein, American actor and singer
  • 1965Michael Richard Lynch, Irish computer scientist and entrepreneur; co-founded HP Autonomy
  • 1965 – Richard Madaleno, American politician
  • 1966Mark Occhilupo, Australian surfer
  • 1966 – Olivier Roumat, French rugby player
  • 1966 – Phil Vischer, American voice actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, co-created VeggieTales
  • 1966 – Jan Železný, Czech javelin thrower and coach
  • 1967Charalambos Andreou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1967 – Jürgen Klopp, German footballer and manager
  • 1968Adam Schmitt, American singer-songwriter, musician, and producer
  • 1969Shami Chakrabarti, English lawyer and academic
  • 1969 – Mark Crossley, English-Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1970Younus AlGohar, Pakistani poet and academic, co-founded Messiah Foundation International
  • 1970 – Clifton Collins Jr., American actor
  • 1970 – Cobi Jones, American soccer player and manager
  • 1970 – Phil Mickelson, American golfer
  • 1971Tupac Shakur, American rapper and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1972Kiko Loureiro, Brazilian guitarist
  • 1973Eddie Cibrian, American actor
  • 1974Glenicia James, Saint Lucian cricketer
  • 1975Anthony Carter, American basketball player and coach
  • 1977Craig Fitzgibbon, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1977 – Duncan Hames, English accountant and politician
  • 1977 – Kerry Wood, American baseball player
  • 1978Daniel Brühl, Spanish-German actor
  • 1978 – Dainius Zubrus, Lithuanian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Fish Leong, Malaysian singer
  • 1980Brandon Armstrong, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Phil Christophers, German-English rugby player
  • 1980 – Henry Perenara, New Zealand rugby league player and referee
  • 1980 – Martin Stranzl, Austrian footballer
  • 1980 – Joey Yung, Hong Kong singer
  • 1981Benjamin Becker, German tennis player
  • 1981 – Kevin Bieksa, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Alexandre Giroux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Ola Kvernberg, Norwegian violinist
  • 1981 – Miguel Villalta, Peruvian footballer
  • 1982May Andersen, Danish model and actress
  • 1982 – Missy Peregrym, Canadian model and actress
  • 1983Armend Dallku, Albanian footballer
  • 1984Rick Nash, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Dan Ryckert, American writer and entertainer
  • 1984 – Steven Whittaker, Scottish footballer
  • 1986Rodrigo Defendi, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Urby Emanuelson, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Fernando Muslera, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1987Diana DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1987 – Per Ciljan Skjelbred, Norwegian footballer
  • 1987 – Christian Tshimanga Kabeya, Belgian footballer
  • 1988Keshia Chanté, Canadian singer
  • 1988 – Jermaine Gresham, American football player
  • 1990John Newman, English musician, singer, songwriter and record producer [17]
  • 1991Joe McElderry, English singer-songwriter
  • 1991Siya Kolisi, South African rugby player
  • 1991 – Matt Moylan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992Vladimir Morozov, Russian swimmer
  • 1993Park Bo-gum, South Korean actor
  • 1993 – Gnash, American singer, songwriter, rapper, DJ and record producer[18]
  • 1994Grete-Lilijane Küppas, Estonian footballer
  • 1994 – Rezar, Albanian professional wrestler
  • 1995Euan Aitken, Australian rugby league player[19]
  • 1995 – Joseph Schooling, Singaporean swimmer[20]
  • 1995 – Akira Ioane, New Zealand rugby Union player[21]
  • 2000Bianca Andreescu, Canadian tennis player

Deaths

  • 840Rorgon I, Frankish nobleman (or 839)
  • 924Li Cunshen, general of Later Tang (b. 862)
  • 956Hugh the Great, Frankish nobleman (b. 898)
  • 1185Richeza of Poland, queen of León (b. c. 1140)
  • 1286Hugh de Balsham, English bishop
  • 1332Adam de Brome, founder of Oriel College, Oxford
  • 1361Johannes Tauler, German mystic theologian[22]
  • 1397Philip of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (b. 1358)
  • 1424Johannes Ambundii, archbishop of Riga
  • 1468Jean Le Fèvre de Saint-Remy, Burgundian historian and author (b. 1395)
  • 1487John de la Pole, 1st Earl of Lincoln (b. c. 1463)
  • 1540Konrad von Thüngen, German nobleman (b. c. 1466)
  • 1622Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Scottish lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
  • 1626Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, German Protestant military leader (b. 1599)
  • 1666Sir Richard Fanshawe, 1st Baronet, English poet and diplomat, English Ambassador to Spain (b. 1608)
  • 1722John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire (b. 1650)
  • 1743Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, eldest daughter of King Louis XIV of France (b. 1673)[23]
  • 1752Joseph Butler, English bishop and philosopher (b. 1692)
  • 1762Anne Russell, Countess of Jersey (formerly Duchess of Bedford) (b. c.1705)[24]
  • 1777Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset, French poet and playwright (b. 1709)
  • 1779Sir Francis Bernard, 1st Baronet, English lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (b. 1712)
  • 1804Johann Adam Hiller, German composer and conductor (b. 1728)
  • 1824Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, French lawyer and politician (b. 1739)
  • 1849Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette, German theologian and scholar (b. 1780)
  • 1850William Lawson, English-Australian explorer and politician (b. 1774)
  • 1858John Snow, English epidemiologist and physician (b. 1813)
  • 1862Hidenoyama Raigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 9th Yokozuna (b. 1808)
  • 1869Charles Sturt, Indian-English botanist and explorer (b. 1795)
  • 1872Norman MacLeod, Scottish minister and author (b. 1812)
  • 1878Crawford Long, American surgeon and pharmacist (b. 1815)
  • 1878 – Kikuchi Yōsai, Japanese painter (b. 1781)
  • 1881Josiah Mason, English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1795)
  • 1885Wilhelm Camphausen, German painter and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1886Alexander Stuart, Scottish-Australian politician, 9th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1824)
  • 1902Ernst Schröder, German mathematician and academic (b. 1841)
  • 1918Bazil Assan, Romanian engineer and explorer (b. 1860)[25]
  • 1925Chittaranjan Das, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1870)
  • 1929Bramwell Booth, English 2nd General of The Salvation Army (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Vernon Louis Parrington, American historian and scholar (b. 1871)
  • 1930Ezra Fitch, American lawyer and businessman, co-founded Abercrombie & Fitch (b. 1866)
  • 1930 – Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American inventor, co-invented the gyrocompass (b. 1860)
  • 1939Chick Webb, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1905)
  • 1940DuBose Heyward, American author (b. 1885)
  • 1944Marc Bloch, French historian and academic (b. 1886)
  • 1945Aris Velouchiotis, Greek general (b. 1905)
  • 1946Gordon Brewster, Irish cartoonist (b 1889)
  • 1952Andrew Lawson, Scottish-American geologist and academic (b. 1861)
  • 1953Margaret Bondfield, English politician, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (b. 1873)
  • 1955Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter (b. 1864)
  • 1958Pál Maléter, Hungarian general and politician, Minister of Defence of Hungary (b. 1917)
  • 1958 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1895)
  • 1959George Reeves, American actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 1961Marcel Junod, Swiss physician and anesthesiologist (b. 1904)
  • 1967Reginald Denny, English actor (b. 1891)
  • 1969Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, English field marshal and politician, 17th Governor General of Canada (b. 1891)
  • 1970Sydney Chapman, English mathematician and geophysicist (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 1971John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, Scottish broadcaster, co-founded BBC (b. 1889)
  • 1974Amalie Sara Colquhoun, Australian landscape and portrait painter (b. 1894)
  • 1977Wernher von Braun, German-American physicist and engineer (b. 1912)
  • 1979Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, Ghanaian general and politician, 6th Head of state of Ghana (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Ray, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1981Thomas Playford IV, Australian politician, 33rd Premier of South Australia (b. 1896)
  • 1982James Honeyman-Scott, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 1984Lew Andreas, American football player and coach (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Erni Krusten, Estonian author and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1986Maurice Duruflé, French organist and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1987Marguerite de Angeli, American author and illustrator (b. 1889)
  • 1988Miguel Piñero, Puerto Rican-American actor and playwright (b. 1946)
  • 1993Lindsay Hassett, Australian cricketer and soldier (b. 1913)
  • 1994Kristen Pfaff, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1967)
  • 1996Mel Allen, American sportscaster and game show host (b. 1913)
  • 1997Dal Stivens, Australian soldier and author (b. 1911)
  • 1998Fred Wacker, American race car driver and engineer (b. 1918)
  • 1999Screaming Lord Sutch, English singer and activist (b. 1940)
  • 2003Pierre Bourgault, Canadian journalist and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish–Swedish philosopher and author (b. 1916)
  • 2004Thanom Kittikachorn, Thai field marshal and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Jacques Miquelon, Canadian lawyer and judge (b. 1911)
  • 2005Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican-American author and critic (b. 1906)
  • 2008Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian soldier and author (b. 1921)
  • 2010Marc Bazin, Haitian lawyer and politician, 49th President of Haiti (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Maureen Forrester, Canadian singer and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Ronald Neame, English director, producer, cinematographer, and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 2011Östen Mäkitalo, Swedish engineer and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2012Nils Karlsson, Swedish skier (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Jorge Lankenau, Mexican banker and businessman (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Sławomir Petelicki, Polish general (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Susan Tyrrell, American actress (b. 1945)
  • 2013Sam Farber, American businessman, co-founded OXO (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Hans Hass, Austrian biologist and diver (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, Bangladesh poet and academic (b. 1950)
  • 2013 – Norman Ian MacKenzie, English journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ottmar Walter, German footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2014Tony Gwynn, American baseball player and coach (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Cándido Muatetema Rivas (b. 1960), Equatoguinean politician and diplomat, Prime Minister of Equatorial Guinea
  • 2015Charles Correa, Indian architect and urban planner (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Jean Vautrin, French director, screenwriter, and critic (b. 1933)
  • 2016Jo Cox, English political activist and MP (b. 1974)[26]
  • 2017Helmut Kohl, German politician, 6th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1930)
  • 2020Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. (b. 1935), Filipino businessman and politician[27][28]

Holidays and observances

  • Birthday of Leonard P. Howell (Rastafari)
  • Bloomsday (Dublin, Ireland)
  • Christian feast days:
    • Aurelianus of Arles
    • Aureus of Mainz (and his sister Justina)
    • Benno
    • Cettin of Oran
    • Curig of Llanbadarn
    • Ferreolus and Ferrutio
    • George Berkeley and Joseph Butler (Episcopal Church)
    • June 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Lutgardis
    • Quriaqos and Julietta
  • Engineer's Day (Argentina)
  • Father's Day (Seychelles)
  • International Day of the African Child (Organisation of African Unity)
  • Juneteenth (United States)
  • Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev (Sikhism)
  • Sussex Day (Sussex)
  • Youth Day (South Africa)

References

  1. Van Cleve Alexander, Michael, The First of the Tudors: A Study of Henry VII and His Reign, Taylor & Francis, 1981, p.57-58.
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  7. Statement by the President of the Security Council
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  22. Template:Cite EB1911
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  24. G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 82.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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