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Events

  • 763 BCAssyrians record a solar eclipse that is later used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.[1]
  • 844Louis II is crowned as king of Italy at Rome by pope Sergius II.[2]
  • 923Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy.[3]
  • 1184 – The naval Battle of Fimreite is won by the Birkebeiner pretender Sverre Sigurdsson. Sigurdsson takes the Norwegian throne and King Magnus V of Norway is killed.
  • 1215 – King John of England puts his seal to Magna Carta.
  • 1219Northern Crusades: Danish victory at the Battle of Lindanise (modern-day Tallinn) establishes the Danish Duchy of Estonia.
  • 1246 – With the death of Frederick II, Duke of Austria, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.
  • 1300 – The city of Bilbao is founded.
  • 1312 – At the Battle of Rozgony, King Charles I of Hungary wins a decisive victory over the family of Palatine Amade Aba.
  • 1389Battle of Kosovo: The Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians.
  • 1410 – In a decisive battle at Onon River, the Mongol forces of Oljei Temur were decimated by the Chinese armies of the Yongle Emperor.
  • 1502Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Martinique on his fourth voyage.
  • 1520Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in Exsurge Domine.
  • 1648Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1667 – The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.
  • 1670 – The first stone of Fort Ricasoli is laid down in Malta.
  • 1752Benjamin Franklin proves that lightning is electricity (traditional date, the exact date is unknown).
  • 1776 – Delaware Separation Day: Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.
  • 1800 – The Provisional Army of the United States is dissolved.
  • 1804New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.
  • 1808Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.
  • 1836Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.
  • 1844Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.
  • 1846 – The Oregon Treaty extends the border between the United States and British North America, established by the Treaty of 1818, westward to the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1859 – Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between American and British/Canadian settlers.
  • 1864American Civil War: The Second Battle of Petersburg begins.
  • 1864 – Arlington National Cemetery is established when Script error: No such module "convert". of the Arlington estate (formerly owned by Confederate General Robert E. Lee) are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.[4]
  • 1877Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.
  • 1878Eadweard Muybridge takes a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it runs; the study becomes the basis of motion pictures.
  • 1888 – Crown Prince Wilhelm becomes Kaiser Wilhelm II; he will be the last Emperor of the German Empire. Due to the death of his predecessors Wilhelm I and Frederick III, 1888 is the Year of the Three Emperors.
  • 1896 – The deadliest tsunami in Japan's history kills more than 22,000 people.
  • 1904 – A fire aboard the steamboat Template:SS in New York City's East River kills 1,000.
  • 1916 – United States President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.
  • 1919John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight when they reach Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.
  • 1920 – Following the 1920 Schleswig plebiscites, Northern Schleswig is transferred from Germany to Denmark.
  • 1921Bessie Coleman earns her pilot's license, becoming the first female pilot of African-American descent.
  • 1934 – The United States Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.
  • 1936 – First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • 1937 – A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.
  • 1940World War II: Operation Ariel begins: Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
  • 1944 – World War II: The United States invades Saipan, capital of Japan's South Seas Mandate.
  • 1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, the CCF, led by Tommy Douglas, is elected and forms the first socialist government in North America.
  • 1970Charles Manson goes on trial for the Sharon Tate murders.
  • 1972Red Army Faction co-founder Ulrike Meinhof is captured by police in Langenhagen.
  • 1977 – After the death of dictator Francisco Franco in 1975, the first democratic elections took place in Spain.
  • 1978King Hussein of Jordan marries American Lisa Halaby, who takes the name Queen Noor.
  • 1985Rembrandt's painting Danaë is attacked by a man (later judged insane) who throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with a knife.
  • 1991 – In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, killing over 800 people.
  • 1992 – The United States Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the United States to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the United States for trial, without approval from those other countries.
  • 1994Israel and Vatican City establish full diplomatic relations.
  • 1996The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) detonates a powerful truck bomb in the middle of Manchester, England, devastating the city centre and injuring 200 people.
  • 2001 – Leaders of the People's Republic of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan formed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
  • 2012Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to successfully tightrope walk directly over Niagara Falls.
  • 2013 – A bomb explodes on a bus in the Pakistani city of Quetta, killing at least 25 people and wounding 22 others.

Births

  • 1330Edward, the Black Prince of England (d. 1376)[5]
  • 1479Lisa del Giocondo, Italian model, subject of the Mona Lisa (d. 1542)
  • 1519Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1536)
  • 1542Richard Grenville, English captain and explorer (d. 1591)
  • 1549Elizabeth Knollys, English noblewoman (d. 1605)
  • 1553Archduke Ernest of Austria (d. 1595)
  • 1605Thomas Randolph, English poet and playwright (d. 1635)
  • 1618François Blondel, French architect (d. 1686)
  • 1623Cornelis de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
  • 1624Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist and philologist (d. 1704)
  • 1640Bernard Lamy, French mathematician and theologian (d. 1715)
  • 1645Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, English politician (d. 1712)
  • 1749Georg Joseph Vogler, German organist, composer, and theorist (d. 1814)
  • 1754Juan José Elhuyar, Spanish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1796)
  • 1755Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist and entomologist (d. 1809)
  • 1763Franz Danzi, German cellist, composer, and conductor (d. 1826)
  • 1763 – Kobayashi Issa, Japanese priest and poet (d. 1827)
  • 1765Martin Baum, American businessman and politician, Mayor of Cincinnati (d. 1831)
  • 1765 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1831)
  • 1767Rachel Jackson, American wife of Andrew Jackson (d. 1828)
  • 1777David Daniel Davis, Welsh physician and academic (d. 1841)
  • 1789Josiah Henson, American minister, author, and activist (d. 1883)
  • 1792Thomas Mitchell, Scottish-Australian colonel and explorer (d. 1855)
  • 1801Benjamin Wright Raymond, American merchant and politician, 3rd Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
  • 1805William B. Ogden, American businessman and politician, 1st Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
  • 1809François-Xavier Garneau, Canadian poet and historian (d. 1866)
  • 1835Adah Isaacs Menken, American actress, painter, and poet (d. 1868)
  • 1843Edvard Grieg, Norwegian pianist and composer (d. 1907)
  • 1848Gheevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala, Indian bishop and saint (d. 1902)
  • 1872Thomas William Burgess, English swimmer and water polo player (d. 1950)
  • 1875Herman Smith-Johannsen, Norwegian-Canadian skier (d. 1987)
  • 1878Margaret Abbott, Indian-American golfer (d. 1955)[6]
  • 1881Kesago Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army (d. 1945)
  • 1884Harry Langdon, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1944)
  • 1886Frank Clement, British racing driver (d. 1970)
  • 1888Ramón López Velarde, Mexican poet and author (d. 1921)
  • 1890Georg Wüst, German oceanographer and academic (d. 1977)
  • 1894Robert Russell Bennett, American composer and conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Nikolai Chebotaryov, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and theorist (d. 1947)
  • 1898Hubertus Strughold, German-American physiologist and academic (d. 1986)
  • 1900Gotthard Günther, German philosopher and academic (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – Otto Luening, German-American composer and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1901Elmar Lohk, Russian-Estonian architect (d. 1963)
  • 1902Erik Erikson, German-American psychologist and psychoanalyst (d. 1994)
  • 1906Gordon Welchman, English-American mathematician and author (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Léon Degrelle, Belgian SS officer (d. 1994)
  • 1907James Robertson Justice, English actor and educator (d. 1975)
  • 1909Elena Nikolaidi, Greek-American soprano and educator (d. 2002)
  • 1910David Rose, English-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1990)
  • 1911Wilbert Awdry, English author, co-created Thomas the Tank Engine (d. 1997)
  • 1913Tom Adair, American songwriter, composer, and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1914Yuri Andropov, Russian politician (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Hilda Terry, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • 1915Nini Theilade, Danish ballet dancer, choreographer, and educator (d. 2018)
  • 1915 – Thomas Huckle Weller, American biologist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1916Olga Erteszek, Polish-American fashion designer (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Horacio Salgán, Argentinian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2016)
  • 1916 – Herbert A. Simon, American political scientist and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1917John Fenn, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Michalis Genitsaris, Greek singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Lash LaRue, American actor and producer (d. 1996)[7]
  • 1918François Tombalbaye, Chadian politician, 1st President of Chad (d. 1975)[8]
  • 1920Keith Andrews, American race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1920 – Alla Kazanskaya, Russian actress (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Sam Sniderman, Canadian businessman, founded Sam the Record Man (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Alberto Sordi, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1921Erroll Garner, American pianist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1922Jaki Byard, American pianist and composer (d. 1999)[9]
  • 1923Erland Josephson, Swedish actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Ninian Stephen, English-Australian lieutenant, judge, and politician, 20th Governor-General of Australia (d. 2017)
  • 1924Hédi Fried, Swedish author and psychologist
  • 1924 – Ezer Weizman, Israeli general and politician, 7th President of Israel (d. 2005)
  • 1925Richard Baker, English journalist and author (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Attilâ İlhan, Turkish poet, author, and critic (d. 2005)
  • 1926Alfred Duraiappah, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer and politician (d. 1975)
  • 1927Ross Andru, American illustrator (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Ibn-e-Insha, Indian-Pakistani poet and author (d. 1978)
  • 1927 – Hugo Pratt, Italian author and illustrator (d. 1995)
  • 1930Miguel Méndez, American author and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Marcel Pronovost, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1931Joseph Gilbert, English air marshal
  • 1931 – Brian Sewell, English art dealer and critic (d. 2015)[10]
  • 1932David Alliance, Baron Alliance, Iranian-English businessman and politician
  • 1932 – Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Zia Fariduddin Dagar, Indian singer (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Bernie Faloney, American-Canadian football player and sportscaster (d. 1999)
  • 1933Mohammad-Ali Rajai, Iranian politician, 2nd President of Iran (d. 1981)
  • 1933 – Predrag Koraksić Corax, Serbian political caricaturist
  • 1934Ruby Nash Garnett, American R&B singer
  • 1936William Levada, American cardinal
  • 1937Pierre Billon, Swiss-Canadian author and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Waylon Jennings, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002)
  • 1938Billy Williams, American baseball player and coach
  • 1939Ward Connerly, American activist and businessman, founded the American Civil Rights Institute
  • 1941Neal Adams, American illustrator
  • 1941 – Harry Nilsson, American singer-songwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1942Ian Greenberg, Canadian broadcaster, founded Astral Media
  • 1942 – John E. McLaughlin, American diplomat
  • 1942 – Peter Norman, Australian sprinter (d. 2006)
  • 1943Johnny Hallyday, French singer and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1943 – Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Danish politician, 38th Prime Minister of Denmark[11]
  • 1944Robert D. Keppel, American police officer and academic
  • 1945Miriam Defensor Santiago, Filipino judge and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Robert Sarah, Guinean cardinal
  • 1945 – Lawrence Wilkerson, American colonel
  • 1946Noddy Holder, English rock singer-songwriter, musician, and actor
  • 1946 – John Horner, American paleontologist and academic
  • 1946 – Demis Roussos, Egyptian-Greek singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1947John Hoagland, American photographer and journalist (d. 1984)
  • 1948Mike Holmgren, American football player and coach
  • 1948 – Alan Huckle, English politician and diplomat, Governor of Anguilla
  • 1948 – Henry McLeish, Scottish footballer, academic, and politician, 2nd First Minister of Scotland
  • 1949Dusty Baker, American baseball player and manager
  • 1949 – Simon Callow, English actor and director
  • 1949 – Russell Hitchcock, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – Jim Varney, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1950Uğur Erdener, Turkish ophthalmologist and professor
  • 1950 – Juliana Azumah-Mensah, Ghanaian nurse and politician
  • 1950 – Deney Terrio, American choreographer and host of the television musical variety series Dance Fever
  • 1950 – Lakshmi Mittal, Indian-English businessman
  • 1951Jane Amsterdam, American magazine and newspaper editor (Manhattan, inc., New York Post)
  • 1951 – Vance A. Larson, American painter (d. 2000)
  • 1951 – John Redwood, English politician, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1951 – Steve Walsh, American rock singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1952Satya Pal Jain, Indian lawyer and politician, Additional Solicitor General of India
  • 1953Vilma Bardauskienė, Lithuanian long jumper
  • 1953 – Marc Brickman, American lighting and production designer
  • 1953 – Eje Elgh, Swedish racing driver and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Xi Jinping, Chinese engineer and politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party and President of China
  • 1953 – Raphael Wallfisch, English cellist and educator
  • 1954Jim Belushi, American actor
  • 1954 – Terri Gibbs, American country music singer and keyboard player
  • 1954 – Paul Rusesabagina, Rwandan humanitarian
  • 1954 – Zdeňka Šilhavá, Czech discus thrower and shot putter
  • 1954 – Beverley Whitfield, Australian swimmer (d. 1996)
  • 1955Polly Draper, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Julie Hagerty, American model and actress
  • 1956Yevgeny Kiselyov, Russian-Ukrainian journalist
  • 1956 – Lance Parrish, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1958Wade Boggs, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Riccardo Paletti, Italian racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1959Alan Brazil, Scottish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Eileen Davidson, American model and actress
  • 1960Michèle Laroque, French actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Marieke van Doorn, Dutch field hockey player and coach
  • 1961Dave McAuley, Irish boxer and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Scott Norton, American wrestler
  • 1962Brad Armstrong, American wrestler (d. 2012)
  • 1962 – Chris Morris, English actor, satirist, director, and producer
  • 1962 – Andrea Rost, Hungarian soprano
  • 1963Marina Azyabina, Russian hurdler
  • 1963 – Mario Gosselin, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Helen Hunt, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1964Courteney Cox, American actress and producer
  • 1964 – Michael Laudrup, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1965Annelies Bredael, Belgian rower
  • 1965 – Karim Massimov, Kazakhstani politician, 7th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
  • 1965 – Adam Smith, American lawyer and politician
  • 1966Raimonds Vējonis, Latvian politician, 9th President of Latvia
  • 1968Károly Güttler, Hungarian swimmer
  • 1969Jesse Bélanger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Ice Cube, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1969 – Idalis DeLeón, American singer and actress
  • 1969 – Nasos Galakteros, Greek basketball player
  • 1969 – Oliver Kahn, German footballer and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Maurice Odumbe, Kenyan cricketer
  • 1969 – Cédric Pioline, French tennis player
  • 1970Christian Bauman, American soldier and author
  • 1970 – David Bayssari, Australian rugby league player
  • 1970 – Gaëlle Méchaly, French soprano
  • 1970 – Leah Remini, American actress and producer
  • 1970 – Žan Tabak, Croatian basketball player and coach
  • 1971Christos Myriounis, Greek basketball player
  • 1971 – Jake Busey, American actor, musician, and film producer
  • 1972Justin Leonard, American golfer
  • 1972 – Andy Pettitte, American baseball player
  • 1973Tore Andre Flo, Norwegian footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Neil Patrick Harris, American actor and singer
  • 1973 – Pia Miranda, Australian actress
  • 1976Jiří Ryba, Czech decathlete
  • 1977Michael Doleac, American basketball player and manager
  • 1978Wilfred Bouma, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Zach Day, American baseball player
  • 1979Yulia Nestsiarenka, Belarusian sprinter
  • 1979 – Christian Rahn, German footballer
  • 1979 – Charles Zwolsman, Jr., Dutch racing driver
  • 1980David Lyons, Australian rugby player
  • 1981John Paintsil, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1982Mike Delany, New Zealand rugby player[12]
  • 1982 – Abdur Razzak, Bangladeshi cricketer[13]
  • 1983Julia Fischer, German violinist and pianistScript error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1983 – Laura Imbruglia, Australian singer-songwriter and guitaristScript error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1983 – Josh McGuire, Canadian fencer[14]
  • 1984Luke Hodge, Australian footballer[15]
  • 1984 – Eva Hrdinová, Czech tennis player[16]
  • 1984 – Tim Lincecum, American baseball player[17]
  • 1984 – Edison Toloza, Colombian footballer[18]
  • 1985Ashley Nicole Black, American comedian, actress, and writer[19]
  • 1986James Maloney, Australian rugby league player[20]
  • 1986 – Trevor Plouffe, American baseball player[21]
  • 1989Víctor Cabedo, Spanish cyclist (d. 2012)[22]
  • 1989 – Bryan Clauson, American race car driver (d. 2016)[23]
  • 1992Michał Kopczyński, Polish footballer[24]
  • 1992 – Mohamed Salah, Egyptian footballer[25]
  • 1992 – Dafne Schippers, Dutch heptathlete and sprinter[26]
  • 1993Irfan Hadžić, Bosnian footballer[27]
  • 1994Inaki Williams, Basque footballer[28]
  • 1997Madison Kocian, American gymnast[29]

Deaths

  • 923Robert I of France (b. 866)
  • 948Romanos I Lekapenos, Byzantine Emperor (b. c. 870)
  • 952Murong Yanchao, Chinese general
  • 960Eadburh of Winchester, English princess and saint
  • 970Adalbert, bishop of Passau
  • 991Theophanu, Byzantine wife of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 960)
  • 1073Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (b. 1034)
  • 1184Magnus Erlingsson, King of Norway (b. 1156)
  • 1189Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Japanese general (b. 1159)
  • 1246Frederick II, Duke of Austria (b. 1219)
  • 1337Angelo da Clareno, Italian Franciscan and leader of a group of Fraticelli (b. 1247)
  • 1341Andronikos III Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1297)
  • 1381John Cavendish, English lawyer and judge (b. 1346)
  • 1381 – Wat Tyler, English rebel leader (b. 1341)
  • 1383John VI Kantakouzenos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1292)
  • 1383 – Matthew Kantakouzenos, Byzantine emperor
  • 1389Lazar of Serbia (b. 1329)
  • 1389 – Murad I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1319)[30]
  • 1389 – Miloš Obilić, Serbian knight.[31]
  • 1416John, Duke of Berry (b. 1340)
  • 1467Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1396)
  • 1521Tamás Bakócz, Hungarian cardinal (b. 1442)
  • 1614Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton, English courtier and politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (b. 1540)
  • 1724Henry Sacheverell, English minister and politician (b. 1674)
  • 1768James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)
  • 1772Louis-Claude Daquin, French organist and composer (b. 1694)
  • 1844Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet and academic (b. 1777)
  • 1849James K. Polk, American lawyer and politician, 11th President of the United States (b. 1795)
  • 1858Ary Scheffer, Dutch-French painter and academic (b. 1795)
  • 1888Frederick III, German Emperor (b. 1831)
  • 1889Mihai Eminescu, Romanian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1850)
  • 1890Unryū Kyūkichi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 10th Yokozuna (b. 1822)
  • 1917Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist and academic (b. 1867)
  • 1934Alfred Bruneau, French cellist and composer (b. 1857)
  • 1938Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, German painter and illustrator (b. 1880)
  • 1941Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist and physician (b. 1873)
  • 1941 – Evelyn Underhill, English mystic and author (b. 1875)
  • 1945Count Albert von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein, Austrian diplomat
  • 1961Giulio Cabianca, Italian racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1961 – Peyami Safa, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1899)
  • 1962Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist and conductor (b. 1877)
  • 1967Tatu Kolehmainen, Finnish runner (b. 1885)
  • 1968Sam Crawford, American baseball player, coach, and umpire (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Wes Montgomery, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1925)
  • 1971Wendell Meredith Stanley, American biochemist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1976Jimmy Dykes, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1896)
  • 1984Meredith Willson, American playwright, composer, and conductor (b. 1902)
  • 1985Andy Stanfield, American sprinter (b. 1927)
  • 1989Maurice Bellemare, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Ray McAnally, Irish actor (b. 1926)
  • 1991Happy Chandler, American businessman and politician, 49th Governor of Kentucky (b. 1898)
  • 1991 – Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1992Chuck Menville, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 1992 – Brett Whiteley, Australian painter (b. 1939)
  • 1993John Connally, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 61st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – James Hunt, English racing driver and sportscaster (b. 1947)
  • 1994Manos Hatzidakis, Greek composer and theorist (b. 1925)
  • 1995John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and inventor, invented the Atanasoff–Berry computer (b. 1903)
  • 1996Ella Fitzgerald, American singer and actress (b. 1917)[32]
  • 1996 – Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet, Scottish general and politician (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Dick Murdoch, American wrestler (b. 1946)
  • 1999Omer Côté, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1906)
  • 2000Jules Roy, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1907)
  • 2001Henri Alekan, French cinematographer (b. 1909)
  • 2002Choi Hong Hi, South Korean general and martial artist, founded Taekwondo (b. 1918)
  • 2003Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor (b. 1911)
  • 2004Ahmet Piriştina, Turkish politician and mayor of İzmir (b. 1952)
  • 2005Suzanne Flon, French actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006Raymond Devos, Belgian-French comedian and clown (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Herb Pearson, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1910)
  • 2008Ray Getliffe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 2011Bill Haast, American herpetologist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2012Phillip D. Cagan, American economist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Capitola Dickerson, American pianist and educator (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Barry MacKay, American tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Israel Nogueda Otero, Mexican economist and politician, 10th Governor of Guerrero (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Jerry Tubbs, American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2013Heinz Flohe, German footballer and manager (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – José Froilán González, Argentinian racing driver (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Dennis O'Rourke, Australian director and producer (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1936)
  • 2014Jacques Bergerac, French actor and businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Casey Kasem, American radio host, producer, and voice actor, co-created American Top 40 (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Daniel Keyes, American short story writer and novelist (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Moise Safra, Brazilian businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Banco Safra (b. 1934)
  • 2015Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman, founded the Tracinda Corporation (b. 1917)
  • 2016Lois Duncan, American author (b. 1934)
  • 2018Matt "Guitar" Murphy, American Blues guitarist (The Blues Brothers) (b. 1929)
  • 2019Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film director (b. 1923)[33]

Holidays and observances

  • Arbor Day (Costa Rica)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abraham of Clermont (or of St Cyriacus)
    • Alice (or Adelaide) of Schaerbeek
    • Augustine of Hippo (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Blessed Albertina Berkenbrock
    • Blessed Clement Vismara
    • Edburga of Winchester
    • Evelyn Underhill (Church of England and The Episcopal Church)
    • Germaine Cousin
    • Landelin (of Crespin or of Lobbes)
    • Trillo
    • Vitus (Guy), Modestus and Crescentia
    • June 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Valdemar and Reunion Day (Flag Day) (Denmark)
  • Earliest day on which Father's Day can fall, while June 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Sunday in June. (United States, and most other countries.)
  • Engineer's Day (Italy)
  • Global Wind Day (international)
  • National Beer Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Salvation Day (Azerbaijan)

References

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  30. "Murad I". Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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