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  2021 (Saturday)
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  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
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  2012 (Tuesday)

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Events

  • 910Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors.
  • 1240 – At the instigation of Louis IX of France, an inter-faith debate, known as the Disputation of Paris, starts between a Christian monk and four rabbis.
  • 1381Peasants' Revolt: In England, rebels assemble at Blackheath, just outside London.[1]
  • 1418Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War: Parisians slaughter Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac and his suspected sympathizers, along with all prisoners, foreign bankers, and students and faculty of the College of Navarre.
  • 1429Hundred Years' War: On the second day of the Battle of Jargeau, Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk.
  • 1550 – The city of Helsinki, Finland (belonging to Sweden at the time) is founded by King Gustav I of Sweden.
  • 1653First Anglo-Dutch War: The Battle of the Gabbard begins, lasting until the following day.[2]
  • 1665Thomas Willett is appointed the first mayor of New York City.[3]
  • 1758French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg: James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, commences.[4]
  • 1772 – French explorer Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne and 25 of his men killed by Māori in New Zealand.
  • 1775American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
  • 1776 – The Virginia Declaration of Rights is adopted.
  • 1798Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Ballynahinch.
  • 1817 – The earliest form of bicycle, the dandy horse, is driven by Karl von Drais.
  • 1821Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Isma'il Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, ending the existence of that Sudanese kingdom.[5]
  • 1830 – Beginning of the Invasion of Algiers: Thiry-four thousand French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
  • 1864American Civil War, Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor: Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their position at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
  • 1898Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.[6]
  • 1899New Richmond tornado: The eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.
  • 1914Massacre of Phocaea: Turkish irregulars slaughter 50 to 100 Greeks and expel thousands of others in an ethnic cleansing operation in the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1921Mikhail Tukhachevsky orders the use of chemical weapons against the Tambov Rebellion, bringing an end to the peasant uprising.[7]
  • 1935 – A ceasefire is negotiated between Bolivia and Paraguay, ending the Chaco War.
  • 1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.[8]
  • 1939 – The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
  • 1940World War II: Thirteen thousand British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
  • 1942Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
  • 1943The Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Brzeżany, Poland (now Berezhany, Ukraine). Around 1,180 Jews are led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and shot.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Overlord: American paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division secure the town of Carentan, Normandy, France.
  • 1954Pope Pius XII canonises Dominic Savio, who was 14 years old at the time of his death, as a saint, making him at the time the youngest unmartyred saint in the Roman Catholic Church. In 2017, Francisco and Jacinta Marto, aged ten and nine at the time of their deaths, are declared saints.
  • 1963NAACP field secretary Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith during the civil rights movement.
  • 1964 – Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
  • 1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
  • 1975 – India, Judge Jagmohanlal Sinha of the city of Allahabad ruled that India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had used corrupt practices to win her seat in the Indian Parliament, and that she should be banned from holding any public office. Mrs. Gandhi sent word that she refused to resign.
  • 1979Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
  • 1987 – The Central African Republic's former emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
  • 1987 – Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate, U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
  • 1988Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 46, a McDonnell Douglas MD-81, crashes short of the runway at Libertador General José de San Martín Airport, killing all 22 people on board.[9]
  • 1990Russia Day: The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
  • 1991 – Russians first democratically elected Boris Yeltsin as the President of Russia.
  • 1991 – Kokkadichcholai massacre: The Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village of Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa.
  • 1993 – An election takes place in Nigeria and is won by Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola. Its results are later annulled by the military Government of Ibrahim Babangida.
  • 1994Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman are murdered outside Simpson's home in Los Angeles. Her estranged husband, O.J. Simpson is later charged with the murders, but is acquitted by a jury.
  • 1997 – Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London.
  • 1999Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 2009 – Analog television stations (excluding low-powered stations) switch to digital television following the DTV Delay Act.
  • 2009 – A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide-ranging local and international protests.
  • 2016 – Forty-nine civilians are killed and 58 others injured in an attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida; the gunman, Omar Mateen, is killed in a gunfight with police.
  • 2017 – American student Otto Warmbier returns home in a coma after spending 17 months in a North Korean prison and dies a week later.
  • 2018United States President Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un of North Korea held the first meeting between leaders of their two countries in Singapore.[10]

Births

  • 950Reizei, Japanese emperor (d. 1011)
  • 1107Gao Zong, Chinese emperor (d. 1187)
  • 1161Constance, Duchess of Brittany (d. 1201)
  • 1519Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1574)
  • 1561Anna of Württemberg, German princess (d. 1616)
  • 1564John Casimir, Duke of Saxe-Coburg (d. 1633)
  • 1573Robert Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Sussex, soldier (d. 1629)
  • 1577Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (d. 1643)
  • 1580Adriaen van Stalbemt, Flemish painter (d. 1662)
  • 1653Maria Amalia of Courland, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1711)
  • 1686Marie-Catherine Homassel Hecquet, French writer (d. 1764)
  • 1711Louis Legrand, French priest and theologian (d. 1780)
  • 1760Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai, French author, playwright, journalist, and politician (d. 1797)
  • 1771Patrick Gass, American sergeant (Lewis and Clark Expedition) and author (d. 1870)
  • 1775Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
  • 1777Robert Clark, American physician and politician (d. 1837)
  • 1795John Marston, American sailor (d. 1885)
  • 1798Samuel Cooper, American general (d. 1876)
  • 1800Samuel Wright Mardis, American politician (d. 1836)
  • 1802Harriet Martineau, English sociologist and author (d. 1876)
  • 1806John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, designed the Brooklyn Bridge (d. 1869)
  • 1807Ante Kuzmanić, Croatian physician and journalist (d. 1879)
  • 1812Edmond Hébert, French geologist and academic (d. 1890)
  • 1819Charles Kingsley, English priest, historian, and author (d. 1875)
  • 1827Johanna Spyri, Swiss author, best known for Heidi (d. 1901)
  • 1831Robert Herbert, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Queensland (d. 1905)
  • 1841Watson Fothergill, English architect, designed the Woodborough Road Baptist Church (d. 1928)
  • 1843David Gill, Scottish-English astronomer and author (d. 1914)
  • 1851Oliver Lodge, English physicist and academic (d. 1940)
  • 1857Maurice Perrault, Canadian architect, engineer, and politician, 15th Mayor of Longueuil (d. 1909)
  • 1858Harry Johnston, English botanist and explorer (d. 1927)
  • 1858 – Henry Scott Tuke, English painter and photographer (d. 1929)
  • 1861William Attewell, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1927)
  • 1864Frank Chapman, American ornithologist, photographer, and author (d. 1945)
  • 1877Thomas C. Hart, American admiral and politician (d. 1971)
  • 1883Fernand Gonder, French pole vaulter (d. 1969)
  • 1883 – Robert Lowie, Austrian-American anthropologist and academic (d. 1957)
  • 1888Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician and academic (d. 1920)
  • 1890Egon Schiele, Austrian soldier and painter (d. 1918)
  • 1892Djuna Barnes, American novelist, journalist, and playwright (d. 1982)
  • 1895Eugénie Brazier, French chef (d. 1977)
  • 1897Anthony Eden, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1977)
  • 1899Fritz Albert Lipmann, German-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – Weegee, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1902Hendrik Elias, Belgian lawyer and politician, Mayor of Ghent (d. 1973)
  • 1905Ray Barbuti, American sprinter and football player (d. 1988)
  • 1906Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
  • 1908Alphonse Ouimet, Canadian broadcaster (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Marina Semyonova, Russian ballerina and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1908 – Otto Skorzeny, German SS officer (d. 1975)
  • 1910Bill Naughton, Irish-English playwright and author (d. 1992)
  • 1912Bill Cowley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Carl Hovland, American psychologist and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1913Jean Victor Allard, Canadian general (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Desmond Piers, Canadian admiral (d. 2005)
  • 1914William Lundigan, American actor (d. 1975)
  • 1914 – Go Seigen, Chinese-Japanese Go player (d. 2014)
  • 1915Priscilla Lane, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Christopher Mayhew, English soldier and politician (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker and businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1916Irwin Allen, American director and producer (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Raúl Héctor Castro, Mexican-American politician and diplomat, 14th Governor of Arizona (d. 2015)
  • 1918Samuel Z. Arkoff, American film producer (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Georgia Louise Harris Brown, American architect (d. 1999)[11]
  • 1918 – Christie Jayaratnam Eliezer, Sri Lankan-Australian mathematician and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1919Uta Hagen, German-American actress and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1920Dave Berg, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Peter Jones, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1921Luis García Berlanga, Spanish director and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Christopher Derrick, English author, critic, and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – James Archibald Houston, Canadian author and illustrator (d. 2005)
  • 1922Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1924George H. W. Bush, American lieutenant and politician, 41st President of the United States (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Grete Dollitz, German-American guitarist and radio host (d. 2013)
  • 1928Vic Damone, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Petros Molyviatis, Greek politician and diplomat, Greek Minister for Foreign Affairs
  • 1928 – Richard M. Sherman, American composer and director
  • 1929Brigid Brophy, English author and critic (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Anne Frank, German-Dutch diarist; victim of the Holocaust (d. 1945)[12]
  • 1929 – Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani linguist and academic
  • 1929 – John McCluskey, Baron McCluskey, Scottish lawyer, judge, and politician, Solicitor General for Scotland (d. 2017)
  • 1930Jim Burke, Australian cricketer (d. 1979)
  • 1930 – Donald Byrne, American chess player (d. 1976)
  • 1930 – Innes Ireland, Scottish race car driver and engineer (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Jim Nabors, American actor and singer (d. 2017)
  • 1931Trevanian, American author and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Rona Jaffe, American novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1932Mimi Coertse, South African soprano and producer
  • 1932 – Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian runner (d. 2002)
  • 1933Eddie Adams, American photographer and journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1934John A. Alonzo, American actor and cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1934 – Kevin Billington, English director and producer
  • 1935Ian Craig, Australian cricketer (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Paul Kennedy, English lawyer and judge
  • 1937Vladimir Arnold, Russian-French mathematician and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Klaus Basikow, German footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1937 – Antal Festetics, Hungarian-Austrian biologist and zoologist
  • 1937 – Chips Moman, American record producer, guitarist, and songwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1938Jean-Marie Doré, Guinean lawyer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Guinea (d. 2016)
  • 1938 – Tom Oliver, English-Australian actor
  • 1939Ron Lynch, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1939 – Frank McCloskey, American sergeant and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1940Jacques Brassard, Canadian educator and politician
  • 1941Marv Albert, American sportscaster
  • 1941 – Chick Corea, American pianist and composer
  • 1941 – Roy Harper, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1941 – Reg Presley, English singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Lucille Roybal-Allard, American politician
  • 1942Len Barry, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1942 – Bert Sakmann, German physiologist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945Pat Jennings, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1946Michel Bergeron, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1946 – Bobby Gould, English footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Catherine Bréchignac, French physicist and academic
  • 1948Hans Binder, Austrian race car driver
  • 1948 – Herbert Meyer, German footballer
  • 1948 – Len Wein, American comic book writer and editor (d. 2017)
  • 1949Jens Böhrnsen, German judge and politician
  • 1949 – Marc Tardif, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – John Wetton, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1950Oğuz Abadan, Turkish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Michael Fabricant, English politician
  • 1950 – Sonia Manzano, American actress of Puerto Rican descent, noted for playing Maria on Sesame Street
  • 1950Bun E. Carlos, American drummer
  • 1951Brad Delp, American musician and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Andranik Margaryan, Armenian engineer and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
  • 1952Spencer Abraham, American academic and politician, 10th United States Secretary of Energy
  • 1952 – Junior Brown, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Pete Farndon, English bass player and songwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1953Rocky Burnette, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954Tim Razzall, Baron Razzall, English lawyer and politician
  • 1956Terry Alderman, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1957Timothy Busfield, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1957 – Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1958Meredith Brooks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959John Linnell, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1959 – Scott Thompson, Canadian actor and comedian
  • 1960Joe Kopicki, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962Jordan Peterson, Canadian psychologist, professor and cultural critic
  • 1963Philippe Bugalski, French race car driver (d. 2012)
  • 1963 – Warwick Capper, Australian footballer, coach, and actor
  • 1963 – Tim DeKay, American actor
  • 1963 – Jerry Lynn, American wrestler
  • 1964Derek Higgins, Irish race car driver
  • 1964 – Kent Jones, American journalist
  • 1964 – Paula Marshall, American actress
  • 1964 – Peter Such, Scottish-born, English cricketer
  • 1965Adrian Toole, Australian rugby league player
  • 1965 – Gwen Torrence, American sprinter
  • 1965 – Cathy Tyson, English actress
  • 1966Marc Glanville, Australian rugby league player
  • 1966 – Tom Misteli, Swiss cell biologist
  • 1967Aivar Kuusmaa, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1967 – Frances O'Connor, English-Australian actress
  • 1968Scott Aldred, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Htay Kywe, Burmese activist
  • 1968 – Bobby Sheehan, American bass player and songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1969Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1969 – Héctor Garza, Mexican wrestler (d. 2013)
  • 1969 – Mathieu Schneider, American ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Heinz-Christian Strache, Austrian politician
  • 1971Mark Henry, American weightlifter and wrestler
  • 1971 – Ryan Klesko, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Jérôme Romain, Caribbean-Dominican triple jumper and coach
  • 1973Jason Caffey, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973 – Darryl White, Australian footballer
  • 1974Flávio Conceição, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Hideki Matsui, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Jason Mewes, American actor and producer
  • 1974 – Kerry Kittles, American basketball player
  • 1975Bryan Alvarez, American wrestler and journalist
  • 1975 – Stéphanie Szostak, French-American actress
  • 1976Antawn Jamison, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Ray Price, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1976 – Thomas Sørensen, Danish footballer
  • 1977Wade Redden, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Kenny Wayne Shepherd, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1978Lewis Moody, English rugby player
  • 1979Dallas Clark, American football player
  • 1979 – Martine Dugrenier, Canadian wrestler
  • 1979 – Diego Milito, Argentine footballer
  • 1979 – Robyn, Swedish singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer
  • 1979 – Earl Watson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1980Marco Bortolami, Italian rugby player
  • 1980 – Larry Foote, American football player
  • 1980 – Ifet Taljević, German footballer
  • 1981Raitis Grafs, Latvian basketball player
  • 1981 – Paul Hasleby, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Adriana Lima, Brazilian model and actress
  • 1982Ben Blackwell, American drummer
  • 1982 – Diem Brown, German-American journalist and activist (d. 2014)
  • 1982 – Jason David, American football player
  • 1982 – Shailaja Pujari, Indian weightlifter[13]
  • 1982 – James Tomlinson, English cricketer
  • 1983Bryan Habana, South African rugby player
  • 1983 – Alexander Pipa, German rugby player
  • 1983 – Christine Sinclair, Canadian soccer player
  • 1984James Kwalia, Kenyan-Qatari runner
  • 1984 – Bruno Soriano, Spanish footballer
  • 1985Blake Ross, American computer programmer, co-created Mozilla Firefox
  • 1985 – Sam Thaiday, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Kendra Wilkinson, American model, actress, and author
  • 1985 – Chris Young, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986Salim Mehajer, Australian politician
  • 1986 – Harry Taylor, Australian footballer
  • 1987Seyi Ajirotutu, American football player
  • 1987 – Antonio Barragán, Spanish footballer
  • 1988Artūrs Bērziņš, Latvian basketball player
  • 1988 – Eren Derdiyok, Swiss footballer
  • 1988 – Mauricio Isla, Chilean footballer
  • 1988 – Dave Melillo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1988 – Dakota Morton, Canadian actor and radio host
  • 1989Emma Eliasson, Swedish ice hockey player[14]
  • 1989 – Ibrahim Jeilan, Ethiopian runner[15]
  • 1990Jrue Holiday, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Kevin López, Spanish runner
  • 1990 – David Worrall, English footballer
  • 1991Avisail García, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1992Philippe Coutinho, Brazilian footballer

Deaths

  • 796Hisham I, Muslim emir (b. 757)
  • 816Pope Leo III (b. 750)
  • 918Æthelflæd, Mercian daughter of Alfred the Great (b. 870)
  • 1020Lyfing, English archbishop (b. 999)
  • 1036Tedald, Italian bishop (b. 990)
  • 1144Al-Zamakhshari, Persian theologian (b. 1075)
  • 1152Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon (b. 1114)
  • 1266Henry II, Prince of Anhalt-Aschersleben (b. 1215)
  • 1294John I of Brienne, Count of Eu
  • 1418Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac (b. 1360)
  • 1435John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English commander (b. 1408)
  • 1478Ludovico III Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua (b. 1412)
  • 1524Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, Spanish conquistador (b. 1465)
  • 1560Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
  • 1560 – Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyō (b. 1519)
  • 1565Adrianus Turnebus, French philologist and scholar (b. 1512)
  • 1567Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, English politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
  • 1647Thomas Farnaby, English scholar and educator (b. 1575)
  • 1668Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge, English politician (b. 1599)
  • 1675Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (b. 1634)
  • 1734James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French-English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (b. 1670)
  • 1758Prince Augustus William of Prussia (b. 1722)
  • 1772Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (b. 1724)
  • 1778Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician (b. 1716)
  • 1816Pierre Augereau, French general (b. 1757)
  • 1818Egwale Seyon, Ethiopian emperor
  • 1841Konstantinos Nikolopoulos, Greek composer, archaeologist, and philologist (b. 1786)
  • 1900Lucretia Peabody Hale, American journalist and author (b. 1820)
  • 1904Camille of Renesse-Breidbach (b. 1836)
  • 1912Frédéric Passy, French economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1822)
  • 1917Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and conductor (b. 1853)
  • 1932Theo Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1852)
  • 1937Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Russian general (b. 1893)
  • 1944Erich Marcks, German general (b. 1891)
  • 1946Médéric Martin, Canadian politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1869)
  • 1952Harry Lawson, Australian politician, 27th Premier of Victoria (b. 1875)
  • 1957Jimmy Dorsey, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (The Dorsey Brothers and The California Ramblers) (b. 1904)
  • 1962John Ireland, English composer and educator (b. 1879)
  • 1963Medgar Evers, American soldier and activist (b. 1925)
  • 1966Hermann Scherchen, German viola player and conductor (b. 1891)
  • 1968Herbert Read, English poet and critic (b. 1893)
  • 1969Aleksandr Deyneka, Ukrainian-Russian painter and sculptor (b. 1899)
  • 1972Edmund Wilson, American critic, essayist, and editor (b. 1895)
  • 1972 – Dinanath Gopal Tendulkar, Indian writer and documentary filmmaker (b. 1909)
  • 1976Gopinath Kaviraj, Indian philosopher and scholar (b. 1887)
  • 1978Guo Moruo, Chinese historian, author, and poet (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Georg Siimenson, Estonian footballer (b. 1912)
  • 1980Billy Butlin, South African-English businessman, founded the Butlins Company (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Masayoshi Ōhira, Japanese politician, 68th Prime minister of Japan (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Milburn Stone, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1982Ian McKay, English sergeant, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1953)
  • 1982 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian-German ethologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1983Norma Shearer, Canadian-American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1989Bruce Hamilton, Australian public servant (b. 1911)
  • 1990Terence O'Neill, Baron O'Neill of the Maine, English captain and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (b. 1914)
  • 1994Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-French rabbi and author (b. 1902)
  • 1995Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Pierre Russell, American basketball player (b. 1949)
  • 1997Bulat Okudzhava, Russian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 1998Leo Buscaglia, American author and educator (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Theresa Merritt, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • 1999J. F. Powers, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1917)
  • 2000Purushottam Laxman Deshpande, Indian actor, director, and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Sandro Rosa do Nascimento, Brazilian criminal (b. 1978)
  • 2002Bill Blass, American fashion designer, founded Bill Blass Limited (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Zena Sutherland, American reviewer of children's literature (b. 1915)[16]
  • 2003Gregory Peck, American actor and political activist (b. 1916)
  • 2005Scott Young, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1918)
  • 2006Nicky Barr, Australian rugby player and fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – György Ligeti, Romanian-Hungarian composer and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
  • 2008Miroslav Dvořák, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1951)
  • 2008 – Derek Tapscott, Welsh footballer and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2010Al Williamson, American illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2011René Audet, Canadian bishop (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Carl Gardner, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1928)
  • 2012Hector Bianciotti, Argentinian-French journalist and author (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Henry Hill, American mobster (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Margarete Mitscherlich-Nielsen, Danish-German psychoanalyst and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Medin Zhega, Albanian footballer and manager (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Elinor Ostrom, American political scientist and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Pahiño, Spanish footballer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Frank Walker, Australian judge and politician, 41st Attorney General of New South Wales (b. 1942)
  • 2013Teresita Barajuen, Spanish nun (b. 1908)
  • 2013 – Jason Leffler, American race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2013 – Joseph A. Unanue, American sergeant and businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2014Nabil Hemani, Algerian footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2014 – Dan Jacobson, South African-English author and critic (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Frank Schirrmacher, German journalist (b. 1959)
  • 2015Fernando Brant, Brazilian journalist, poet, and composer (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Frederick Pei Li, Chinese-American physician and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Patrick Lennox Tierney, American historian and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2016Omar Mateen, American mass murderer (b. 1986)
  • 2016 – George Voinovich, American politician (b. 1936)
  • 2016 – Janet Waldo, American actress and voice artist (b. 1920)

Holidays and observances

  • Chaco Armistice Day (Paraguay)
  • Christian feast day:
    • 108 Martyrs of World War II
    • Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor and Nazarius
    • Blessed Hildegard Burjan
    • Enmegahbowh (Episcopal Church)
    • Eskil
    • First Ecumenical Council (Lutheran)
    • Gaspar Bertoni
    • John of Sahagún
    • Onuphrius
    • Pope Leo III
    • Ternan
    • June 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Dia dos Namorados (Brazil)
  • Helsinki Day (Finland)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of the Philippines from Spain in 1898.
  • June 12 Commemoration (Lagos State)
  • Loving Day (United States)
  • Russia Day (Russia)
  • World Day Against Child Labour, and its related observances:
    • Children's Day (Haiti)

References

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  7. Nicolas Werth, Karel Bartošek, Jean-Louis Panné, Jean-Louis Margolin, Andrzej Paczkowski, Stéphane Courtois, The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, Harvard University Press, 1999, hardcover, 858 pages, ISBN: 0-674-07608-7.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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