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  2021 (Friday)
  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Saturday)
  2015 (Thursday)
  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Monday)

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Events

  • 1184 BCTrojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.
  • 173Marcomannic Wars: The Roman army in Moravia is encircled by the Quadi, who have broken the peace treaty (171). In a violent thunderstorm emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats and subdues them in the so-called "miracle of the rain".
  • 631Emperor Taizong of Tang sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to seek the release of Chinese prisoners captured during the transition from Sui to Tang.
  • 786 – A Hasanid Alid uprising in Mecca is crushed by the Abbasids at the Battle of Fakhkh.
  • 980Vladimir the Great consolidates the Kievan realm from Ukraine to the Baltic Sea. He is proclaimed ruler (knyaz) of all Kievan Rus'.
  • 1011Lombard Revolt: Greek citizens of Bari rise up against the Lombard rebels led by Melus and deliver the city to Basil Mesardonites, Byzantine governor (catepan) of the Catepanate of Italy.
  • 1118Roger of Salerno, Prince of Antioch, captures Azaz from the Seljuk Turks.
  • 1157Albert I of Brandenburg, also called The Bear (Ger: Albrecht der Bär), becomes the founder of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, Germany and the first margrave.
  • 1345 – The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners.
  • 1429Hundred Years' War: Start of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1488Battle of Sauchieburn: Fought between rebel Lords and James III of Scotland, resulting in the death of the king.
  • 1509Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon.
  • 1594Philip II recognizes the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the stabilization of the rule of the Principalía (an elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines).
  • 1748Denmark adopts the characteristic Nordic Cross flag later taken up by all other Scandinavian countries.
  • 1770 – British explorer Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
  • 1775 – The American Revolutionary War's first naval engagement, the Battle of Machias, results in the capture of a small British naval vessel.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to the Committee of Five to draft a declaration of independence.
  • 1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
  • 1805 – A fire consumes large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.
  • 1825 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • 1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish.
  • 1865 – The Naval Battle of the Riachuelo is fought on the rivulet Riachuelo (Argentina), between the Paraguayan Navy on one side and the Brazilian Navy on the other. The Brazilian victory was crucial for the later success of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina) in the Paraguayan War.
  • 1892 – The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1895Paris–Bordeaux–Paris, sometimes called the first automobile race in history or the "first motor race", takes place.
  • 1898 – The Hundred Days' Reform, a planned movement to reform social, political, and educational institutions in China, is started by the Guangxu Emperor, but is suspended by Empress Dowager Cixi after 104 days. (The failed reform led to the abolition of the Imperial examination in 1905.)
  • 1901 – The boundaries of the Colony of New Zealand are extended by the UK to include the Cook Islands.
  • 1903 – A group of Serbian officers stormed the royal palace and assassinated King Alexander Obrenović and his wife, Queen Draga.
  • 1917 – King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father, Constantine I, abdicates under pressure from allied armies occupying Athens.
  • 1919Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the U.S. Triple Crown.
  • 1920 – During the U.S. Republican National Convention in Chicago, U.S. Republican Party leaders gathered in a room at the Blackstone Hotel to come to a consensus on their candidate for the U.S. presidential election, leading the Associated Press to coin the political phrase "smoke-filled room".
  • 1935 – Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States at Alpine, New Jersey.
  • 1936 – The London International Surrealist Exhibition opens.
  • 1937Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders.
  • 1938Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts.
  • 1940World War II: The Siege of Malta begins with a series of Italian air raids.[1]
  • 1942 – World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
  • 1942 – Free French Forces retreat from Bir Hakeim after having successfully delayed the Axis advance.
  • 1944Template:Ship, the last battleship built by the United States Navy and future site of the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, is commissioned.
  • 1955 – Eighty-three spectators are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the deadliest ever accident in motorsports.
  • 1956 – Start of Gal Oya riots, the first reported ethnic riots that target minority Sri Lankan Tamils in the Eastern Province. The total number of deaths is reportedly 150.
  • 1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin allegedly become the only prisoners to escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
  • 1963American Civil Rights Movement: Governor of Alabama George Wallace defiantly stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from attending that school. Later in the day, accompanied by federalized National Guard troops, they are able to register.
  • 1963 – Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy addresses Americans from the Oval Office proposing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which would revolutionize American society by guaranteeing equal access to public facilities, ending segregation in education, and guaranteeing federal protection for voting rights.
  • 1964 – World War II veteran Walter Seifert attacks an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.
  • 1968Lloyd J. Old identified the first cell surface antigens that could differentiate among different cell types.
  • 1970 – After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first women to do so.
  • 1971 – The U.S. Government forcibly removes the last holdouts to the Native American Occupation of Alcatraz, ending 19 months of control.
  • 1978Altaf Hussain founds the student political movement All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation (APMSO) in Karachi University.
  • 1981 – A magnitude 6.9 earthquake at Golbaf, Iran, kills at least 2,000.
  • 1987Diane Abbott, Paul Boateng and Bernie Grant are elected as the first black MPs in Great Britain.
  • 1998Compaq Computer pays US$9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in the largest high-tech acquisition.
  • 2001Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2002Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
  • 2004Cassini–Huygens makes its closest flyby of the Saturn moon Phoebe.
  • 2007Mudslides in Chittagong, Bangladesh, kill 130 people.
  • 2008Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper makes a historic official apology to Canada's First Nations in regard to abuses at a Canadian Indian residential school.
  • 2008 – The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is launched into orbit.
  • 2010 – The first African FIFA World Cup kicks off in South Africa.
  • 2012 – More than 80 people die in a landslide triggered by two earthquakes in Afghanistan; an entire village is buried.
  • 2013 – Greece's public broadcaster ERT is shut down by then-prime minister Antonis Samaras. It reopened exactly two years later by then-prime minister Alexis Tsipras.
  • 2018 – 3 World Trade Center officially opens.

Births

  • 1403John IV, Duke of Brabant (d. 1427)
  • 1431Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (d. 1456)
  • 1456Anne Neville, Princess of Wales and Queen of England (d. 1485)[2]
  • 1540Barnabe Googe, English poet and translator (d. 1594)
  • 1555Lodovico Zacconi, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1627)
  • 1572Ben Jonson, English poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1637)
  • 1585Evert Horn, Swedish soldier (d. 1615)
  • 1588George Wither, English poet (d. 1667)
  • 1620John Moore, English businessman and politician, Lord Mayor of London (d. 1702)
  • 1655Antonio Cifrondi, Italian painter (d. 1730)
  • 1662Tokugawa Ienobu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1712)
  • 1672Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (d. 1749)
  • 1690Giovanni Antonio Giay, Italian composer (d. 1764)
  • 1696James Francis Edward Keith, Scottish-Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
  • 1697Francesco Antonio Vallotti, Italian organist and composer (d. 1780)
  • 1704Carlos Seixas, Portuguese harpsichord player and composer (d. 1742)
  • 1709Joachim Martin Falbe, German painter (d. 1782)
  • 1712Benjamin Ingham, American missionary (d. 1772)
  • 1723Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (d. 1788)
  • 1726Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain (d. 1746)
  • 1741Joseph Warren, American physician and general (d. 1775)
  • 1776John Constable, English painter and academic (d. 1837)
  • 1797José Trinidad Reyes, Honduran philosopher and theorist (d. 1855)
  • 1807James F. Schenck, American admiral (d. 1882)
  • 1815Julia Margaret Cameron, Indian-Sri Lankan photographer (d. 1879)
  • 1818Alexander Bain, Scottish philosopher and academic (d. 1903)
  • 1829Edward Braddon, English-Australian politician, 18th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1904)
  • 1832Lucy Pickens, American wife of Francis Wilkinson Pickens (d. 1899)
  • 1842Carl von Linde, German engineer and academic (d. 1934)
  • 1846William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
  • 1847Millicent Fawcett, English academic and activist (d. 1929)
  • 1861Alexander Peacock, Australian politician, 20th Premier of Victoria (d. 1933)
  • 1864Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949)
  • 1867Charles Fabry, French physicist and academic (d. 1945)
  • 1871Stjepan Radić, Croatian lawyer and politician (d. 1928)
  • 1876Alfred L. Kroeber, American-French anthropologist and ethnologist (d. 1960)
  • 1877Renée Vivien, English-French poet and author (d. 1909)
  • 1879Roger Bresnahan, American baseball player and manager (d. 1944)
  • 1880Jeannette Rankin, American social worker and politician (d. 1973)
  • 1881Spiros Xenos, Greek-Swedish painter (d. 1963)
  • 1881 – Mordecai Kaplan, Lithuanian rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (d. 1983)
  • 1888Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian-American anarchist and convicted criminal (d. 1927)
  • 1889Hugo Wieslander, Swedish decathlete (d. 1976)
  • 1894Kiichiro Toyoda, Japanese businessman, founded Toyota (d. 1952)
  • 1895Nikolai Bulganin, Soviet politician (d. 1975)
  • 1897Ram Prasad Bismil, Indian activist, founded the Hindustan Republican Association (d. 1927)
  • 1897 – Reg Latta, Australian rugby league player (d. 1970)
  • 1899Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese novelist and short story writer Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1901Cap Fear, Canadian football player and rower (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Benny Wearing, Australian rugby league player (d. 1968)
  • 1902Eric Fraser, British illustrator and graphic designer (d. 1983)
  • 1903Ernie Nevers, American football player and coach (d. 1976)
  • 1908Karl Hein, German hammer thrower (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Francisco Marto, Portuguese saint (d. 1919)
  • 1909Natascha Artin Brunswick, German-American mathematician and photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1910Carmine Coppola, American flute player and composer (d. 1991)
  • 1910 – Jacques Cousteau, French biologist, author, and inventor, co-developed the aqua-lung (d. 1997)
  • 1912James Algar, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – William Baziotes, American painter and academic (d. 1963)
  • 1912 – Mohammad Hassan Ganji, Iranian meteorologist and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1913Vince Lombardi, American football player, coach, and manager (d. 1970)[3]
  • 1913 – Risë Stevens, American soprano and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1914Jan Hendrik van den Berg, Dutch psychiatrist and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1915Magda Gabor, Hungarian-American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Nicholas Metropolis, American mathematician and physicist (d. 1999)
  • 1917Joseph B. Wirthlin, American businessman and religious leader (d. 2008)
  • 1918Ruth Aarons, American table tennis player and manager (d. 1980)
  • 1919Suleiman Mousa, Jordanian historian and author (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Richard Todd, Irish-English actor (d. 2009)
  • 1920Shelly Manne, American drummer, composer, and bandleader (d. 1984)
  • 1920 – Hazel Scott, Trinidadian-American singer, actress, and pianist (d. 1981)
  • 1920 – Keith Seaman, Australian lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of South Australia (d. 2013)
  • 1922Jean Sutherland Boggs, Peruvian-Canadian historian, academic, and civil servant (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Michael Cacoyannis, Greek Cypriot director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1925Johnny Esaw, Canadian sportscaster (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – William Styron, American novelist and essayist (d. 2006)
  • 1926Carlisle Floyd, American composer and educator
  • 1927Beryl Grey, English ballerina
  • 1927 – John W. O'Malley, American Catholic historian, academic and Jesuit priest
  • 1927 – Kit Pedler, English parapsychologist and author (d. 1981)
  • 1928Queen Fabiola of Belgium (d. 2014)
  • 1929Ayhan Şahenk, Turkish businessman (d. 2001)
  • 1930Charles Rangel, American soldier, lawyer, and politician
  • 1932Athol Fugard, South African-American actor, director, and playwright
  • 1932 – Tim Sainsbury, English businessman and politician, Minister of State for Trade
  • 1933Gene Wilder, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1937Chad Everett, American actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1937 – Robin Warren, Australian pathologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1939Rachael Heyhoe Flint, Baroness Heyhoe Flint, English cricketer and journalist (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Jackie Stewart, Scottish race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1942Parris Glendening, American politician, 59th Governor of Maryland
  • 1943Henry Hill, American mobster (d. 2012)
  • 1945Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
  • 1947Richard Palmer-James, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948Dave Cash, American baseball player and coach
  • 1948 – Lalu Prasad Yadav, Indian politician, 20th Chief Minister of Bihar
  • 1949Frank Beard, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1950Lynsey de Paul, English singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, cartoonist and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Graham Russell, English-Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951Matthew Engel, English journalist and author
  • 1951 – Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese painter and photographer
  • 1952Yekaterina Podkopayeva, Russian runner
  • 1952 – Donnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953Steve Bassam, Baron Bassam of Brighton, English politician
  • 1953 – José Bové, French farmer and politician
  • 1953 – Barbara Minty, American model
  • 1954John Dyson, Australian cricketer
  • 1954 – Johnny Neel, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1955Yuriy Sedykh, Ukrainian hammer thrower
  • 1955 – Duncan Steel, English-Australian astronomer and author
  • 1956Joe Montana, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Simon Plouffe, Canadian mathematician and academic
  • 1956 – Arthur Porter, Canadian physician and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1956 – Jamaaladeen Tacuma, American bass player and bandleader
  • 1958Barry Adamson, English singer and bass player
  • 1959Hugh Laurie, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1960Mehmet Oz, American surgeon, author, and television host
  • 1962Mano Menezes, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1963Gioia Bruno, American singer-songwriter
  • 1963 – Sandra Schmirler, Canadian curler and sportscaster (d. 2000)
  • 1964Jean Alesi, French race car driver
  • 1964 – Kim Gallagher, American runner (d. 2002)
  • 1965Georgios Bartzokas, Greek former professional basketball player
  • 1965 – Gavin Hill, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1966Bruce Robison, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967Graeme Bachop, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1967 – João Garcia, Portuguese mountaineer
  • 1968Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1968 – Manoa Thompson, Fijian rugby player
  • 1969Peter Dinklage, American actor and producer
  • 1969 – Bryan Fogarty, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Olaf Kapagiannidis, German footballer
  • 1971Vladimir Gaidamașciuc, Moldovan footballer
  • 1971 – Liz Kendall, British politician
  • 1971 – Mark Richardson, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1971 – Kenjiro Tsuda, Japanese voice actor
  • 1972Stephen Kearney, New Zealand rugby league player and coach
  • 1973José Manuel Abundis, Mexican footballer and coach
  • 1974Fragiskos Alvertis, Greek basketball player, coach, and manager
  • 1976Reiko Tosa, Japanese runner
  • 1977Geoff Ogilvy, Australian golfer
  • 1978Joshua Jackson, Canadian-American actor
  • 1978 – Daryl Tuffey, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1979Ali Boussaboun, Moroccan-Dutch footballer
  • 1979 – Amy Duggan, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1980Yhency Brazoban, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981Emiliano Moretti, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Kristo Tohver, Estonian footballer and referee
  • 1982Vanessa Boslak, French pole vaulter
  • 1982 – Jacques Freitag, South African high jumper
  • 1982 – Joey Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Stephen Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Reni Maitua, Australian rugby league player
  • 1982 – Eldar Rønning, Norwegian skier
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1983Chuck Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1983 – José Reyes, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984Andy Lee, Irish boxer
  • 1984 – Vágner Love, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985Tim Hoogland, German footballer
  • 1986Sebastian Bayer, German long jumper
  • 1986 – Shia LaBeouf, American actor
  • 1987Marsel İlhan, Turkish tennis player
  • 1987 – Didrik Solli-Tangen, Norwegian singer
  • 1988Jesús Fernández Collado, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Yui Aragaki, Japanese actress, voice actress, singer-songwriter, model, radio host
  • 1989Maya Moore, American basketball player
  • 1990Christophe Lemaitre, French sprinter
  • 1991Daniel Howell, English internet celebrity
  • 1993Brittany Boyd, American basketball player
  • 1994Ivana Baquero, Spanish actress
  • 1996Ayaka Sasaki, Japanese singer
  • 1998Charlie Tahan, American actor
  • 1999Eartha Cumings, Scottish footballer[4]

Deaths

  • 323 BCAlexander the Great, Macedonian king (b. 356 BC)
  • 573Emilian of Cogolla, Iberic saint (b. 472)
  • 840Junna, emperor of Japan (b. 785)
  • 884Shi Jingsi, general of the Tang Dynasty
  • 888Rimbert, archbishop of Bremen (b. 830)
  • 1183Henry the Young King of England (b. 1155)
  • 1216Henry of Flanders, emperor of the Latin Empire (b. c. 1174)
  • 1248Adachi Kagemori, Japanese samurai
  • 1253Amadeus IV, count of Savoy (b. 1197)[5]
  • 1298Yolanda of Poland (b. 1235)
  • 1323Bérenger Fredoli, French lawyer and bishop (b. 1250)
  • 1345Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire
  • 1347Bartholomew of San Concordio, Italian Dominican canonist and man of letters (b. 1260)
  • 1446Henry de Beauchamp, 1st Duke of Warwick (b. 1425)
  • 1479John of Sahagun, hermit and saint (b. 1419)
  • 1488James III of Scotland (b. 1451)
  • 1557John III of Portugal (b. 1502)
  • 1560Mary of Guise, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1515)[6]
  • 1683Nikita Pustosvyat, a leader of the Russian Old Believers, beheaded[7] (b. unknown)
  • 1695André Félibien, French historian and author (b. 1619)
  • 1712Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme (b. 1654)
  • 1727George I of Great Britain (b. 1660)
  • 1748Felice Torelli, Italian painter (b. 1667)
  • 1796Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician, founded the Whitbread Company (b. 1720)
  • 1847John Franklin, English admiral and politician (b. 1786)
  • 1852Karl Bryullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)
  • 1859Klemens von Metternich, German-Austrian politician, 1st State Chancellor of the Austrian Empire (b. 1773)
  • 1879William, Prince of Orange (b. 1840)
  • 1882Louis Désiré Maigret, French bishop (b. 1804)
  • 1885Matías Ramos Mejía, Argentinian colonel (b. 1810)
  • 1897Henry Ayers, English-Australian politician, 8th Premier of South Australia (b. 1821)
  • 1903Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1837)
  • 1903 – Alexander I of Serbia (b. 1876)
  • 1903 – Draga Mašin, Serbian wife of Alexander I of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • 1911James Curtis Hepburn, American physician and missionary (b. 1815)
  • 1913Mahmud Shevket Pasha, Ottoman general and politician, 279th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1856)
  • 1914Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
  • 1920William F. Halsey, Sr., American captain (b. 1853)
  • 1924Théodore Dubois, French organist, composer, and educator (b. 1837)
  • 1927William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
  • 1934Lev Vygotsky, Belarusian-Russian psychologist and theorist (b. 1896)
  • 1936Robert E. Howard, American author and poet (b. 1906)
  • 1937R. J. Mitchell, English engineer, designed the Supermarine Spitfire (b. 1895)
  • 1941Daniel Carter Beard, American author and illustrator, founded the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1850)
  • 1955Pierre Levegh, French race car driver (b. 1905)
  • 1962Chhabi Biswas, Indian actor and director (b. 1900)
  • 1963Thích Quảng Đức, Vietnamese monk and martyr (b. 1897)
  • 1965Paul B. Coremans, Belgian chemist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1965 – José Mendes Cabeçadas, Portuguese admiral and politician, 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
  • 1970Frank Laubach, American missionary and mystic (b. 1884)
  • 1974Eurico Gaspar Dutra, Brazilian general and politician, 16th President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1974 – Julius Evola, Italian philosopher and author (b. 1898)[8]
  • 1976Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1979Alice Dalgliesh, Trinidadian-American author and publisher (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – John Wayne, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)[9]
  • 1983Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian businessman and politician (b. 1894)
  • 1984Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1986Chesley Bonestell, American painter and illustrator (b. 1888)
  • 1991Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993Ray Sharkey, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 1994A. Thurairajah, Sri Lankan engineer and academic (b. 1934)
  • 1995Rodel Naval, Filipino singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1953)
  • 1996George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Brigitte Helm, German-Swiss actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998Catherine Cookson, English author (b. 1906)[10]
  • 1999DeForest Kelley, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1920)[11]
  • 2001Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2001 – Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2003David Brinkley, American journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2004Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • 2005Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese general and politician, 103rd Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Anne-Marie Alonzo, Canadian playwright, poet, novelist, critic and publisher (b. 1951)
  • 2006Neroli Fairhall, New Zealand archer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Bruce Shand, English soldier (b. 1917)
  • 2007Imre Friedmann, American biologist and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Mala Powers, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2008Ove Andersson, Swedish race car driver (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Võ Văn Kiệt, Vietnamese soldier and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1922)
  • 2011Eliyahu M. Goldratt, Israeli physicist and engineer (b. 1947)
  • 2011 – Seth Putnam, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1968)
  • 2012Ann Rutherford, Canadian-American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Teófilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer and engineer (b. 1952)
  • 2013Miller Barber, American golfer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Carl W. Bauer, American lawyer and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Robert Fogel, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – James Grimsley, Jr., American general (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Rory Morrison, English journalist (b. 1964)
  • 2013 – Kristiāns Pelšs, Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1992)
  • 2013 – Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (b. 1929)
  • 2014Ruby Dee, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor and composer (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Susan B. Horwitz, American computer scientist, engineer, and academic (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Mipham Chokyi Lodro, Tibetan lama and educator (b. 1952)
  • 2014 – Benjamin Mophatlane, South African businessman (b. 1973)
  • 2014 – Carlton Sherwood, American soldier and journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2015Jim Ed Brown, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist, violinist, trumpet player, and composer (b. 1930)[12]
  • 2015 – Ian McKechnie, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Ron Moody, English actor and singer (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Dusty Rhodes, American wrestler (b. 1945)
  • 2016Rudi Altig, German track and road racing cyclist (b. 1937)
  • 2020Stella Pevsner, children's author (b. 1921)[13]

Holidays and observances

  • American Evacuation Day (Libya)
  • Brazilian Navy commemorative day (Brazil)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Barnabas the Apostle
    • Bartholomew the Apostle (Eastern Christianity)
    • Blessed Ignatius Maloyan (Armenian Catholic Church)
    • Paula Frassinetti
    • Riagail of Bangor
    • June 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Davis Day (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada)
  • Kamehameha Day (Hawaii, United States)
  • Student Day (Honduras)

References

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  7. "Nikita Pustosvyat. Dispute on the Confession of Faith", The State Tetyakov Gallery Script error: No such module "In lang". "Великая челобитная" (Субботин, Н. И. Материалы для истории раскола за первое время его существования. М., 1878, IV т.) Script error: No such module "In lang". Румянцев, И. Н. К. Добрынин («Пустосвят»). Сергиев Посад, 1916
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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