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  2021 (Thursday)
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Events

  • 671Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (clepsydra) called Rokoku. The instrument, which measures time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu.
  • 1190Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the river Saleph while leading an army to Jerusalem.
  • 1329 – The Battle of Pelekanon results in a Byzantine defeat by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1523Copenhagen is surrounded by the army of Frederick I of Denmark, as the city will not recognise him as the successor of Christian II of Denmark.
  • 1539Council of Trent: Pope Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
  • 1596Willem Barents and Jacob van Heemskerk discover Bear Island.
  • 1619Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
  • 1624 – Signing of the Treaty of Compiègne between France and the Netherlands.
  • 1692Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft and Sorceries".
  • 1719Jacobite risings: Battle of Glen Shiel.[1]
  • 1782 – King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) of Siam (modern day Thailand) is crowned.
  • 1786 – A landslide dam on the Dadu River created by an earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China.
  • 1793 – The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris. A year later, it becomes the first public zoo.
  • 1793 – French Revolution: Following the arrests of Girondin leaders, the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
  • 1805First Barbary War: Yusuf Karamanli signs a treaty ending the hostilities between Tripolitania and the United States.
  • 1829 – The first Boat Race between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge takes place on the Thames in London.
  • 1838Myall Creek massacre: Twenty-eight Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
  • 1854 – The United States Naval Academy graduates its first class of students.
  • 1861American Civil War: Battle of Big Bethel: Confederate troops under John B. Magruder defeat a much larger Union force led by General Ebenezer W. Pierce in Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads: Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
  • 1868Mihailo Obrenović III, Prince of Serbia is assassinated.
  • 1871Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 US Marines in a naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • 1878League of Prizren is established, to oppose the decisions of the Congress of Berlin and the Treaty of San Stefano, as a consequence of which the Albanian lands in the Balkans were being partitioned and given to the neighbor states of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, and Greece.
  • 1886Mount Tarawera in New Zealand erupts, killing 153 people and burying the famous Pink and White Terraces. Eruptions continue for three months creating a large, 17 km long fissure across the mountain peak.
  • 1898Spanish–American War: In the Battle of Guantánamo Bay, U.S. Marines begin the American invasion of Spanish-held Cuba.[2]
  • 1916 – The Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire was declared by Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.
  • 1918 – The Austro-Hungarian battleship Template:Ship sinks off the Croatian coast after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat; the event is recorded by camera from a nearby vessel.
  • 1924Fascists kidnap and kill Italian Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
  • 1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson.
  • 1935 – Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.
  • 1940World War II: The Kingdom of Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.[3]
  • 1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions in his "Stab in the Back" speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
  • 1940 – World War II: Military resistance to the German occupation of Norway ends.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Lidice massacre is perpetrated as a reprisal for the assassination of Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich.
  • 1944 – World War II: Six hundred forty-two men, women and children massacred at Oradour-sur-Glane, France.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia, Greece, 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.
  • 1944 – In baseball, 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
  • 1945Australian Imperial Forces land in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
  • 1947Saab produces its first automobile.
  • 1957John Diefenbaker leads the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada to a stunning upset in the 1957 Canadian federal election, ending 22 years of Liberal Party government.
  • 1963 – The Equal Pay Act of 1963, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex, was signed into law by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program.
  • 1964 – United States Senate breaks a 75-day filibuster against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, leading to the bill's passage.
  • 1967 – The Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
  • 1977James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee. He is recaptured three days later.
  • 1980 – The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
  • 1982Lebanon War: The Syrian Arab Army defeats the Israeli Defense Forces in the Battle of Sultan Yacoub.
  • 1990British Airways Flight 5390 lands safely at Southampton Airport after a blowout in the cockpit causes the captain to be partially sucked from the cockpit. There are no fatalities.
  • 1991 – Eleven-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard is kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she would remain a captive until 2009.
  • 1994 – China conducts a nuclear test for DF-31 warhead at Area C (Beishan), Lop Nur, its prominence being due to the Cox Report.
  • 1996 – Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without the participation of Sinn Féin.
  • 1997 – Before fleeing his northern stronghold, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen's family members.
  • 1999Kosovo War: NATO suspends its airstrikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
  • 2001Pope John Paul II canonizes Lebanon's first female saint, Saint Rafqa.
  • 2002 – The first direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans is carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
  • 2003 – The Spirit rover is launched, beginning NASA's Mars Exploration Rover mission.
  • 2009James Wenneker von Brunn, who was 88-years-old, opened fire inside the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and fatally shot Museum Special Police Officer Stephen Tyrone Johns. Other security guards returned fire, wounding von Brunn, who was apprehended.[4]
  • 2019 – An Agusta A109E Power crashed onto the AXA Equitable Center on Seventh Avenue in Manhattan, New York City, which sparked a fire on the top of the building. The pilot of the helicopter was killed.[5]

Births

  • 867Emperor Uda of Japan (d. 931)
  • 940Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani, Persian mathematician and astronomer (d. 998)
  • 1213Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi, Persian poet and philosopher (d. 1289)
  • 1465Mercurino Gattinara, Italian statesman and jurist (d. 1530)
  • 1513Louis, Duke of Montpensier (1561–1582) (d. 1582)
  • 1557Leandro Bassano, Italian painter (d. 1622)
  • 1632Esprit Fléchier, French bishop and author (d. 1710)
  • 1688James Francis Edward Stuart, claimant to the English and Scottish throne (d. 1766)
  • 1713Princess Caroline of Great Britain (d. 1757)
  • 1716Carl Gustaf Ekeberg, Swedish physician and explorer (d. 1784)
  • 1753William Eustis, American physician and politician, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1804Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist and herpetologist (d. 1884)
  • 1819Gustave Courbet, French-Swiss painter and sculptor (d. 1877)
  • 1825Sondre Norheim, Norwegian-American skier (d. 1897)[6]
  • 1832Edwin Arnold, English poet and journalist (d. 1904)
  • 1832 – Nicolaus Otto, German engineer (d. 1891)
  • 1832Stephen Mosher Wood, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1920)
  • 1835Rebecca Latimer Felton, American educator and politician (d. 1930)
  • 1839Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish lawyer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1840Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (d. 1920)
  • 1843Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1900)
  • 1854Sarah Grand, Irish feminist writer (d. 1943)
  • 1859Emanuel Nobel, Swedish-Russian businessman (d. 1932)
  • 1862Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1863Louis Couperus, Dutch author and poet (d. 1923)
  • 1864Ninian Comper, Scottish architect (d. 1960)
  • 1865Frederick Cook, American physician and explorer (d. 1940)
  • 1880André Derain, French painter and sculptor (d. 1954)
  • 1882Nils Økland, Norwegian Esperantist and teacher (d. 1969)
  • 1884Leone Sextus Tollemache, English captain (d. 1917)
  • 1886Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1891Al Dubin, Swiss-American songwriter (d. 1945)
  • 1895Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1897Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1898Princess Marie-Auguste of Anhalt (d. 1983)
  • 1899Stanisław Czaykowski, Polish race car driver (d. 1933)
  • 1901Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (d. 1988)
  • 1904Lin Huiyin, Chinese architect and poet (d. 1955)
  • 1907Fairfield Porter, American painter and critic (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Dicky Wells, American jazz trombonist (d. 1985)[n 1]
  • 1909Lang Hancock, Australian soldier and businessman (d. 1992)
  • 1910Frank Demaree, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)
  • 1910 – Howlin' Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)
  • 1911Ralph Kirkpatrick, American harpsichord player and musicologist (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – Terence Rattigan, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1912Jean Lesage, Canadian lawyer and politician, 11th Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1913Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian pianist and composer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Benjamin Shapira, German-Israeli biochemist and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1914Oktay Rıfat Horozcu, Turkish poet and playwright (d. 1988)
  • 1915Saul Bellow, Canadian-American novelist, essayist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)[7]
  • 1916Peride Celal, Turkish author (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – William Rosenberg, American entrepreneur, founded Dunkin' Donuts (d. 2002)
  • 1918Patachou, French singer and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1918 – Barry Morse, English-Canadian actor and director (d. 2008)
  • 1919Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian physician and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Kevin O'Flanagan, Irish footballer, rugby player, and physician (d. 2006)
  • 1921Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1921 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1922Judy Garland, American singer, actress, and vaudevillian (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Bill Kerr, South African-Australian actor (d. 2014)
  • 1923Paul Brunelle, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Robert Maxwell, Czech-English captain, publisher, and politician (d. 1991)
  • 1924Friedrich L. Bauer, German mathematician, computer scientist, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1925Leo Gravelle, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Nat Hentoff, American historian, author, and journalist (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – James Salter, American novelist and short-story writer (d. 2015)
  • 1926Bruno Bartoletti, Italian conductor (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Lionel Jeffries, English actor, screenwriter and film director (d. 2010)
  • 1927Claudio Gilberto Froehlich, Brazilian zoologist
  • 1927 – László Kubala, Hungarian footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician, 29th Vice Premier of the Republic of China (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Johnny Orr, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Eugene Parker, American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1928Maurice Sendak, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)[8]
  • 1929James McDivitt, American general, pilot, and astronaut[9]
  • 1929 – Ian Sinclair, Australian farmer and politician, 42nd Australian Minister for Defence
  • 1929 – Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Blackburn, British Labour Party politician (d. 2016)[10]
  • 1929 – E. O. Wilson, American biologist, author, and academic[11]
  • 1930Aranka Siegal, Czech-American author and Holocaust survivor
  • 1930 – Carmen Cozza, American baseball and football player (d. 2018)[12]
  • 1930 – Chen Xitong, Chinese politician, 8th Mayor of Beijing (d. 2013)
  • 1931Bryan Cartledge, English academic and diplomat, British Ambassador to Russia
  • 1931 – João Gilberto, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2019)
  • 1932Pierre Cartier, French mathematician and academic
  • 1933Chuck Fairbanks, American football player and coach (d. 2013)[13]
  • 1934Peter Gibson, English lawyer and judge
  • 1934 – Tom Pendry, Baron Pendry, English politician
  • 1935Vic Elford, English race car driver
  • 1935 – Lu Jiaxi, Chinese self-taught mathematician (d. 1983)[14][15][16][17][18]
  • 1935 – Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Japanese author and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1938Rahul Bajaj, Indian businessman and politician
  • 1938 – Violetta Villas, Belgian-Polish singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2011)
  • 1938 – Vasanti N. Bhat-Nayak, Indian mathematician and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1940Augie Auer, American-New Zealand meteorologist (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – John Stevens, English drummer (d. 1994)
  • 1941Mickey Jones, American drummer (d. 2018)
  • 1941 – Shirley Owens, American singer
  • 1941 – Jürgen Prochnow, German actor
  • 1941 – David Walker, Australian race car driver
  • 1942Gordon Burns, Northern Irish journalist
  • 1942 – Chantal Goya, French singer and actress
  • 1942 – Arthur Hamilton, Lord Hamilton, Scottish lawyer and judge
  • 1942 – Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • 1943Simon Jenkins, English journalist and author
  • 1944Ze'ev Friedman, Polish-Israeli weightlifter (d. 1972)
  • 1944 – Rick Price, English rock bass player
  • 1947Michel Bastarache, Canadian businessman, lawyer, and jurist
  • 1947 – Ken Singleton, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1947 – Robert Wright, English air marshal
  • 1950Elías Sosa, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1951Dan Fouts, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Tony Mundine, Australian boxer
  • 1951 – Burglinde Pollak, German pentathlete
  • 1952Kage Baker, American author (d. 2010)
  • 1953Eileen Cooper, English painter and academic
  • 1953 – John Edwards, American lawyer and politician
  • 1953 – Garry Hynes, Irish director and producer
  • 1953 – Christine St-Pierre, Canadian journalist and politician
  • 1954Moya Greene, Canadian businesswoman
  • 1954 – Rich Hall, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955Annette Schavan, German theologian and politician
  • 1955 – Andrew Stevens, American actor and producer
  • 1957Nicola Palazzo, Italian writer
  • 1958Yu Suzuki, Japanese game designer and producer
  • 1959Carlo Ancelotti, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Ernie C, American heavy metal guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American lawyer and politician, 54th Governor of New York
  • 1960Nandamuri Balakrishna, Indian film actor and politician
  • 1961Kim Deal, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1961 – Maxi Priest, English singer-songwriter
  • 1962Gina Gershon, American actress, singer and author
  • 1962 – Anderson Bigode Herzer, Brazilian poet and author (d. 1982)
  • 1962 – Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1962 – Tzi Ma, Hong Kong American character actor
  • 1962 – Brent Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963Brad Henry, American lawyer and politician, 26th Governor of Oklahoma
  • 1963 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
  • 1965Susanne Albers, German computer scientist and academic
  • 1965 – Elizabeth Hurley, English model, actress, and producer
  • 1965 – Joey Santiago, American alternative rock musician
  • 1966David Platt, English footballer and manager
  • 1967Emma Anderson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Darren Robinson, American rapper (d. 1995)
  • 1968Bill Burr, American comedian and actor
  • 1968 – Derek Dooley, American football player and coach
  • 1969Craig Hancock, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1969 – Kate Snow, American journalist
  • 1970Mike Doughty, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Katsuhiro Harada, Japanese game designer, director, and producer
  • 1970 – Alex Santos, Filipino journalist
  • 1970 – Shane Whereat, Australian rugby league player
  • 1970 – Sarah Wixey, Welsh sport shooter[19]
  • 1971JoJo Hailey, American singer
  • 1971 – Bobby Jindal, American journalist and politician, 55th Governor of Louisiana
  • 1971 – Bruno N'Gotty, French footballer
  • 1971 – Erik Rutan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1972Steven Fischer, American director and producer
  • 1972 – Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician, Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia
  • 1972 – Eric Upashantha, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1973Faith Evans, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1973 – Flesh-n-Bone, American rapper and actor
  • 1973 – Pokey Reese, American baseball player
  • 1975Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer
  • 1976Alari Lell, Estonian footballer
  • 1976 – Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician[20]
  • 1976 – Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Hadi Saei, Iranian martial artist
  • 1977Adam Darski, Polish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Mike Rosenthal, American football player and coach
  • 1978Raheem Brock, American football player
  • 1979Evgeni Borounov, Russian ice dancer and coach
  • 1979 – Kostas Louboutis, Greek footballer
  • 1980Jessica DiCicco, American actress and voice actress[21]
  • 1980 – Matuzalém, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Ovie Mughelli, American football player
  • 1980 – Dmitri Uchaykin, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2013)
  • 1980 – Daniele Seccarecci, Italian bodybuilder (d. 2013)
  • 1980 – James Walsh, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and pianist
  • 1981Mat Jackson, English race car driver
  • 1981 – Albie Morkel, South African cricketer
  • 1981 – Andrey Yepishin, Russian sprinter
  • 1982Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
  • 1982 – Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
  • 1982 – Ana Lúcia Souza, Brazilian ballerina and journalist
  • 1983Jade Bailey, Barbadian athlete[22]
  • 1983 – Marion Barber III, American football player
  • 1983 – Aaron Davey, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Leelee Sobieski, American actress and producer
  • 1983 – Steve von Bergen, Swiss footballer
  • 1984Johanna Kedzierski, German sprinter
  • 1984 – Dirk Van Tichelt, Belgian martial artist
  • 1985Richard Chambers, Irish rower[23]
  • 1985 – Kaia Kanepi, Estonian tennis player[24]
  • 1985 – Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Dane Nielsen, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Andy Schleck, Luxembourger cyclist
  • 1985 – Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Kreesha Turner, Canadian singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1986Al Alburquerque, Dominican baseball player
  • 1986 – Marco Andreolli, Italian footballer
  • 1987Martin Harnik, German-Austrian footballer
  • 1987 – Amobi Okoye, Nigerian-American football player
  • 1988Jeff Teague, American basketball player
  • 1989DeAndre Kane, American basketball player
  • 1989 – David Miller, South African cricketer
  • 1989 – Mustapha Carayol, Gambian footballer
  • 1989 – Alexandra Stan, Romanian singer-songwriter, dancer, and model
  • 1991Alexa Scimeca Knierim, American figure skater[25]
  • 1992Kate Upton, American model and actress[26]

Deaths

  • 323 BCAlexander the Great, Macedonian king (b. 356 BC)
  • AD 38Julia Drusilla, Roman sister of Caligula (b. 16 AD)[27]
  • 223Liu Bei, Chinese emperor (b. 161)
  • 779Emperor Daizong of Tang (b. 727)
  • 754Abul Abbas al-Saffah, Muslim caliph (b. 721)
  • 871Odo I, Frankish nobleman
  • 903Cheng Rui, Chinese warlord
  • 932Dong Zhang, Chinese general
  • 942Liu Yan, emperor of Southern Han (b. 889)
  • 1075Ernest, Margrave of Austria (b. 1027)
  • 1141Richenza of Northeim (b. 1087)
  • 1190Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1122)
  • 1261Matilda of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1210)
  • 1338Kitabatake Akiie, Japanese governor (b. 1318)
  • 1364Agnes of Austria (b. 1281)
  • 1424Ernest, Duke of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1437Joan of Navarre, Queen of England (b. 1370)
  • 1468Idris Imad al-Din, supreme leader of Tayyibi Isma'ilism, scholar and historian (b. 1392)[28]
  • 1552Alexander Barclay, English poet and author (b. 1476)
  • 1556Martin Agricola, German composer and theorist (b. 1486)
  • 1580Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet (b. 1524–25)
  • 1604Isabella Andreini, Italian actress (b. 1562)
  • 1607John Popham, English politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1531)
  • 1654Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
  • 1680Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish lawyer and politician (b. 1635)
  • 1692Bridget Bishop, Colonial Massachusetts woman hanged as a witch during the Salem witch trials (b. 1632)
  • 1735Thomas Hearne, English historian and author (b. 1678)
  • 1753Joachim Ludwig Schultheiss von Unfriedt, German architect (b. 1678)
  • 1776Hsinbyushin, Burmese king (b. 1736)
  • 1776 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian instrument maker (b. 1722)
  • 1791Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
  • 1799Chevalier de Saint-Georges, Caribbean-French violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1745)
  • 1811Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden (b. 1728)
  • 1831Hans Karl von Diebitsch, German-Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
  • 1836André-Marie Ampère, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)
  • 1849Thomas Robert Bugeaud, French general and politician (b. 1784)
  • 1849 – Robert Brown, Scottish botanist (b. 1773)
  • 1868Mihailo Obrenović III, Prince of Serbia (b. 1823)
  • 1899Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
  • 1901Robert Williams Buchanan, Scottish poet, author, and playwright (b. 1841)
  • 1902Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan priest and poet (b. 1845)
  • 1906Richard Seddon, English-New Zealand politician, 15th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1845)
  • 1909Edward Everett Hale, American minister, historian, and author (b. 1822)
  • 1914Ödön Lechner, Hungarian architect (b. 1845)
  • 1918Arrigo Boito, Italian author, poet, and composer (b. 1842)
  • 1923Pierre Loti, French soldier and author (b. 1850)
  • 1924Giacomo Matteotti, Italian lawyer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1926Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect, designed the Park Güell (b. 1852)
  • 1930Adolf von Harnack, German historian and theologian (b. 1851)
  • 1934Frederick Delius, English composer and educator (b. 1862)
  • 1936John Bowser, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of Victoria (b. 1856)
  • 1937Robert Borden, Canadian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
  • 1939Albert Ogilvie, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1890)
  • 1940Marcus Garvey, Jamaican journalist and activist, founded the Black Star Line (b. 1887)
  • 1944Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1910)
  • 1946Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
  • 1947Alexander Bethune, Canadian businessman and politician, 12th Mayor of Vancouver (b. 1852)
  • 1949Sigrid Undset, Danish-Norwegian novelist, essayist, and translator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1955Margaret Abbott, Indian-American golfer (b. 1876)
  • 1958Angelina Weld Grimké, American journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1880)
  • 1959Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian politician (b. 1883)
  • 1963Timothy Birdsall, English cartoonist (b. 1936)
  • 1965Vahap Özaltay, Turkish footballer and manager (b. 1908)
  • 1967Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
  • 1971Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
  • 1973William Inge, American playwright and novelist (b. 1913)
  • 1974Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
  • 1976Adolph Zukor, American film producer, co-founded Paramount Pictures (b. 1873)
  • 1982Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1945)
  • 1984Halide Nusret Zorlutuna, Turkish author and poet (b. 1901)
  • 1986Merle Miller, American author and playwright (b. 1919)
  • 1987Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 1988Louis L'Amour, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1908)
  • 1991Jean Bruller, French author and illustrator, co-founded Les Éditions de Minuit (b. 1902)
  • 1992Hachidai Nakamura, Chinese-Japanese pianist and composer (b. 1931)
  • 1993Les Dawson, English comedian, actor, writer and presenter (b. 1931)
  • 1996George Hees, Canadian soldier, football player, and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1998Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Hammond Innes, English soldier and author (b. 1914)
  • 2000Hafez al-Assad, Syrian general and politician, 18th President of Syria (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
  • 2001Leila Pahlavi, Princess of Iran (b. 1970)
  • 2002John Gotti, American mobster (b. 1940)
  • 2003Donald Regan, American colonel and politician, 11th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Phil Williams, Welsh academic and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2004Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Odette Laure, French actress and singer (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist and politician, 177th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1904)
  • 2005Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer, designed the Pitts Special (b. 1915)
  • 2007Augie Auer, American-New Zealand meteorologist (b. 1940)
  • 2008Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani author and diplomat (b. 1928)
  • 2009Stelios Skevofilakas, Greek footballer (b. 1940)
  • 2010Basil Schott, American archbishop (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – Sigmar Polke, German painter and photographer (b. 1941)
  • 2011Brian Lenihan Jnr, Irish lawyer and politician, 25th Irish Minister for Finance (b. 1959)
  • 2012Piero Bellugi, Italian conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Warner Fusselle, American sportscaster (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Will Hoebee, Dutch songwriter and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Georges Mathieu, French painter and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Joshua Orwa Ojode, Kenyan politician (b. 1958)
  • 2012 – George Saitoti, Kenyan economist and politician, 6th Vice-President of Kenya (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – Sudono Salim, Chinese-Indonesian businessman, founded Bank Central Asia (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Gordon West, English footballer (b. 1943)
  • 2013Doug Bailey, American political consultant (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Enrique Orizaola, Spanish footballer and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Barbara Vucanovich, American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2014Marcello Alencar, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 57th Governor of Rio de Janeiro (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer and manager (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Robert M. Grant, American theologian and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Jack Lee, American radio host and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2015Robert Chartoff, American film producer and philanthropist (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Wolfgang Jeschke, German author and publisher (b. 1936)
  • 2016Christina Grimmie, American singer-songwriter (b. 1994)
  • 2016 – Gordie Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)
  • 2017Julia Perez, Indonesian singer and actress (b. 1980)
  • 2018Neal E. Boyd, American singer, winner of the 2008 season of America's Got Talent (b. 1975)[29]
  • 2020Claudell Washington, American baseball player (b. 1954)[30]

Holidays and observances

  • Abolition Day (French Guiana)
  • Army Day (Jordan)
  • World Art Nouveau Day (Worldwide)[31]
  • Christian feast day:
    • Bardo
    • Getulius, Amancius and Cerealus
    • Guardian Angel of Portugal
    • John of Tobolsk (Russian Orthodox Church)
    • Landry of Paris
    • Maurinus of Cologne
    • Maximus of Aveia (or of Aquila)
    • Maximus of Naples
    • Olivia
    • June 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Navy Day (Italy)
  • Portugal Day, also Day of Camões (Portugal and the Portuguese communities)
  • Reconciliation Day (Republic of the Congo)

Notes

  1. Wells's exact date of birth is unknown, but he is believed to have been born on June 10, 1907

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References

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  21. www.behindthevoiceactors.com
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  30. https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/06/10/ex-as-star-claudell-washington-of-berkeley-dead-at-65/
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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