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  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
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  2012 (Friday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".July 6 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 178 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 371 BC – The Battle of Leuctra shatters Sparta's reputation of military invincibility.[1]
  • 640Battle of Heliopolis: The Muslim Arab army under 'Amr ibn al-'As defeat the Byzantine forces near Heliopolis (Egypt).
  • 1253Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania.
  • 1348Pope Clement VI issues a papal bull protecting the Jews accused of having caused the Black Death.
  • 1411Ming China's Admiral Zheng He returns to Nanjing after the third treasure voyage and presents the Sinhalese king, captured during the Ming–Kotte War, to the Yongle Emperor.
  • 1415Jan Hus is condemned by the assembly of the council in the cathedral as a heretic and sentenced to be burned at the stake. (See Deaths section.)[2]
  • 1438 – A temporary compromise between the rebellious Transylvanian peasants and the noblemen is signed in Kolozsmonostor Abbey.
  • 1483Richard III is crowned King of England.
  • 1484 – Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River.
  • 1495First Italian War: Battle of Fornovo: Charles VIII defeats the Holy League.
  • 1535 – Sir Thomas More is executed for treason against King Henry VIII of England.
  • 1557King Philip II of Spain, consort of Queen Mary I of England, sets out from Dover to war with France, which eventually resulted in the loss of the City of Calais, the last English possession on the continent, and Mary I never seeing her husband again.
  • 1560 – The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England.
  • 1573Córdoba, Argentina, is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
  • 1573 – French Wars of Religion: Siege of La Rochelle ends.
  • 1614Raid on Żejtun: The south east of Malta, and the town of Żejtun, suffer a raid from Ottoman forces. This was the last unsuccessful attempt by the Ottomans to conquer the island of Malta.
  • 1630Thirty Years' War: Four thousand Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany.
  • 1685Battle of Sedgemoor: Last battle of the Monmouth Rebellion. troops of King James II defeat troops of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth.
  • 1751Pope Benedict XIV suppresses the Patriarchate of Aquileia and establishes from its territory the Archdiocese of Udine and Gorizia.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: Siege of Fort Ticonderoga: After a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.
  • 1779Battle of Grenada: The French defeat British naval forces during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1801First Battle of Algeciras: Outnumbered French Navy ships defeat the Royal Navy in the fortified Spanish port of Algeciras.
  • 1809 – The second day of the Battle of Wagram; France defeats the Austrian army in the largest battle to date of the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1854 – In Jackson, Michigan, the first convention of the United States Republican Party is held.
  • 1885Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
  • 1887David Kalākaua, monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, is forced to sign the Bayonet Constitution, which transfers much of the king's authority to the Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  • 1892 – Three thousand eight hundred striking steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving ten dead and dozens wounded.
  • 1917World War I: Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt.
  • 1918 – The Left SR uprising in Russia starts with the assassination of German ambassador Wilhelm von Mirbach by Cheka members.
  • 1919 – The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.
  • 1933 – The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeated the National League 4–2.
  • 1936 – A major breach of the Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading Script error: No such module "convert". into the River Irwell.
  • 1937Spanish Civil War: Battle of Brunete: The battle begins with Spanish Republican troops going on the offensive against the Nationalists to relieve pressure on Madrid.
  • 1939Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany closes the last remaining Jewish enterprises.
  • 1940Story Bridge, a major landmark in Brisbane, as well as Australia's longest cantilever bridge is formally opened.
  • 1941 – The German army launches its offensive to encircle several Soviet armies near Smolensk.
  • 1942Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
  • 1944Jackie Robinson refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court-martial.
  • 1944 – The Hartford circus fire, one of America's worst fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut.[3]
  • 1947Referendum held in Sylhet to decide its fate in the Partition of India.[4]
  • 1947 – The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
  • 1957Althea Gibson wins the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so.[5]
  • 1957 – John Lennon and Paul McCartney meet for the first time, as teenagers at Woolton Fete, three years before forming the Beatles.[6]
  • 1962 – As a part of Operation Plowshare, the Sedan nuclear test takes place.
  • 1962 – The Late Late Show, the world's longest-running chat show by the same broadcaster, airs on RTÉ One for the first time.
  • 1964Malawi declares its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1966 – Malawi becomes a republic, with Hastings Banda as its first President.
  • 1967Nigerian Civil War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.
  • 1975 – The Comoros declares independence from France.
  • 1986Davis Phinney becomes the first American cyclist to win a road stage of the Tour de France.
  • 1988 – The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires. One hundred sixty-seven oil workers are killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster in terms of direct loss of life.
  • 1989 – The Tel Aviv–Jerusalem bus 405 suicide attack: Sixteen bus passengers are killed when a member of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad took control of the bus and drove it over a cliff.
  • 1990 – The Electronic Frontier Foundation is founded.
  • 1995 – In the Bosnian War, under the command of General Ratko Mladić, Serbia begins its attack on the Bosnian town of Srebrenica.
  • 1997The Troubles: In response to the Drumcree dispute, five days of mass protests, riots and gun battles begin in Irish nationalist districts of Northern Ireland.
  • 1998Hong Kong International Airport opens in Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong, replacing Kai Tak Airport as the city's international airport.
  • 2003 – The 70-metre Yevpatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message (Cosmic Call 2) to five stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri (HD 75732), HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris (HD 95128). The messages will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, and 2049, respectively.
  • 2006 – The Nathu La pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.
  • 2013 – At least 42 people are killed in a shooting at a school in Yobe State, Nigeria.
  • 2013 – A Boeing 777 operating as Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crashes at San Francisco International Airport, killing three and injuring 181 of the 307 people on board.
  • 2013 – A 73-car oil train derails in the town of Lac-Mégantic, Quebec and explodes into flames, killing at least 47 people and destroying more than 30 buildings in the town's central area.

Births

  • 1387 – Queen Blanche I of Navarre (d. 1441)[7]
  • 1423Antonio Manetti, Italian mathematician and architect (d. 1497)[8]
  • 1580Johann Stobäus, German lute player and composer (d. 1646)[9]
  • 1623Jacopo Melani, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1676)
  • 1678Nicola Francesco Haym, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1729)
  • 1686Antoine de Jussieu, French biologist and academic (d. 1758)
  • 1701Mary, Countess of Harold, English aristocrat and philanthropist (d. 1785)[10][11]
  • 1736Daniel Morgan, American general and politician (d. 1802)
  • 1747John Paul Jones, Scottish-American captain (d. 1792)
  • 1766Alexander Wilson, Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (d. 1813)
  • 1781Stamford Raffles, English politician, founded Singapore (d. 1826)
  • 1782Maria Luisa of Spain (d. 1824)
  • 1785William Hooker, English botanist and academic (d. 1865)
  • 1789María Isabella of Spain (d. 1846)
  • 1796Nicholas I of Russia (d. 1855)[12]
  • 1797Henry Paget, 2nd Marquess of Anglesey (d. 1869)[13]
  • 1799Louisa Caroline Huggins Tuthill, American author (d. 1879)[14]
  • 1817Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist and physiologist (d. 1905)
  • 1818Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (d. 1879)
  • 1823Sophie Adlersparre, Swedish publisher, writer, and women's rights activist (d. 1895)[15]
  • 1829Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1880)
  • 1831Sylvester Pennoyer, American lawyer and politician, 8th Governor of Oregon (d. 1902)
  • 1832Maximilian I of Mexico (d. 1867)
  • 1837R. G. Bhandarkar, Indian orientalist and scholar (d. 1925)
  • 1838Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian philologist and scholar (d. 1923)
  • 1840José María Velasco Gómez, Mexican painter and academic (d. 1912)
  • 1843John Downer, Australian politician, 16th Premier of South Australia (d. 1915)
  • 1856George Howard Earle, Jr., American lawyer and businessman (d. 1928)
  • 1858William Irvine, Irish-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Victoria (d. 1943)
  • 1865Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss composer and educator (d. 1950)
  • 1868Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • 1873Dimitrios Maximos, Greek banker and politician, 140th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1955)
  • 1877Arnaud Massy, French golfer (d. 1950)
  • 1878Eino Leino, Finnish poet and journalist (d. 1926)
  • 1883Godfrey Huggins, Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (d. 1971)
  • 1884Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, American businessman and sailor (d. 1970)
  • 1885Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1886Marc Bloch, French historian and academic (d. 1944)
  • 1887Marc Chagall, Belarusian-French painter and poet (d. 1985)
  • 1887 – Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer and actress (d. 1975)
  • 1890Dhan Gopal Mukerji, Indian-American author and scholar (d. 1936)
  • 1892Will James, American author and illustrator (d. 1942)
  • 1897Richard Krautheimer, German-American historian and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1898Hanns Eisler, German-Austrian soldier and composer (d. 1962)
  • 1899Susannah Mushatt Jones, American supercentarian (d. 2016)
  • 1900Frederica Sagor Maas, American author and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1900 – Elfriede Wever, German Olympic runner (d. 1941)
  • 1903Hugo Theorell, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1904Robert Whitney, American conductor and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Erik Wickberg, Swedish 9th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1996)
  • 1905Juan O'Gorman, Mexican painter and architect (d. 1982)[16]
  • 1907Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter and educator (d. 1954)
  • 1907 – George Stanley, Canadian soldier, historian, and author, designed the flag of Canada (d. 2002)
  • 1908Anton Muttukumaru, Sri Lankan general and diplomat (d. 2001)
  • 1909Eric Reece, Australian politician, 32nd Premier of Tasmania (d. 1999)
  • 1910René Le Grèves, French cyclist (d. 1946)
  • 1911June Gale, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1912Heinrich Harrer, Austrian geographer and mountaineer (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Molly Yard, American feminist (d. 2005)
  • 1913Vance Trimble, American journalist and author
  • 1914Vince McMahon Sr., American wrestling promoter, founded WWE (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Ernest Kirkendall, American chemist and metallurgist (d. 2005)
  • 1915Leonard Birchall, Royal Canadian Air Force pilot (d. 2004)
  • 1916Harold Norse, American poet and author (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Don R. Christensen, American animator, cartoonist, illustrator, writer and inventor (d. 2006)
  • 1917Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand runner and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1918Sebastian Cabot, English-Canadian actor (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Herm Fuetsch, American professional basketball player (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Francisco Moncion, Dominican-American ballet dancer, charter member of the New York City Ballet (d.1995)
  • 1919Ernst Haefliger, Swiss tenor and educator (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Edward Kenna, Australian Second World War recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Ray Dowker, New Zealand cricketer (d. 2004)
  • 1921Allan MacEachen, Canadian economist and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2017)
  • 1921 – Billy Mauch, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Bobby Mauch, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Nancy Reagan, American actress and activist, 42nd First Lady of the United States (d. 2016)[17]
  • 1922William Schallert, American actor; president (1979–81) of the Screen Actors Guild (d. 2016)
  • 1923Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general and politician, 1st President of Poland (d. 2014)
  • 1924Mahim Bora, Indian writer and educationist, recipients of the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian honour (d. 2016)
  • 1924Louie Bellson, American drummer, composer, and bandleader (d. 2009)
  • 1925Merv Griffin, American actor, singer, and producer, created Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy! (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Bill Haley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1981)
  • 1925 – Gazi Yaşargil, Turkish neurosurgeon and academic
  • 1926Sulev Vahtre, Estonian historian and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Armando Silvestre, Mexican-American actor
  • 1927Jan Hein Donner, Dutch chess player and journalist (d. 1988)
  • 1927 – Janet Leigh, American actress and author (d. 2004)
  • 1928Bernard Malgrange, French mathematician
  • 1929Hélène Carrère d'Encausse, French politician historian
  • 1930George Armstrong, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1930 – Ian Burgess, English racing driver (d. 2012)[18]
  • 1931Della Reese, American actress and singer (d. 2017)
  • 1931 – László Tábori, Hungarian runner and coach (d. 2018)
  • 1932Herman Hertzberger, Dutch architect and academic
  • 1935Candy Barr, American model, dancer, and actress (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama
  • 1936Dave Allen, Irish comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1937Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian-Icelandic pianist and conductor
  • 1937 – Ned Beatty, American actor
  • 1937 – Gene Chandler, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1937 – Bessie Head, Botswanan writer [19]
  • 1937 – Michael Sata, Zambian police officer and politician, 5th President of Zambia (d. 2014)
  • 1939Jet Harris, English bass player (d. 2011)
  • 1939 – Mary Peters, English-Irish pentathlete and shot putter
  • 1939 – Bruce Hunter, American swimmer (d. 2018)
  • 1940Jeannie Seely, Grammy Award-winning country music singer-songwriter and Grand Ole Opry member
  • 1940Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakh politician, 1st President of Kazakhstan
  • 1941David Crystal, British linguist, author, and academic
  • 1941 – Reinhard Roder, German footballer and manager
  • 1943Tamara Sinyavskaya, Russian soprano
  • 1944Gunhild Hoffmeister, German runner
  • 1946George W. Bush, American businessman and politician, 43rd President of the United States[20]
  • 1946 – Fred Dryer, American football player and actor
  • 1946 – Peter Singer, Australian philosopher and academic
  • 1946 – Sylvester Stallone, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1947Roy Señeres, Filipino diplomat and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1948Nathalie Baye, French actress
  • 1948 – Jean-Pierre Blackburn, Canadian academic and politician, 26th Canadian Minister of Veterans Affairs
  • 1948 – Brad Park, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1949Noli de Castro, Filipino journalist and politician, 14th Vice President of the Philippines
  • 1949 – Phyllis Hyman, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Michael Shrieve, American composer, drummer, and percussionist
  • 1950John Byrne, English-American author and illustrator
  • 1951Lorna Golding, Former First Lady of Jamaica
  • 1951 – Geoffrey Rush, Australian actor and producer
  • 1952Hilary Mantel, English author and critic[21]
  • 1953Nanci Griffith, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Kaiser Kalambo, Zambian footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1953 – Robert Ménard, French politician and former journalist
  • 1954Allyce Beasley, American actress
  • 1954 – Willie Randolph, American baseball player and manager
  • 1958Jennifer Saunders, English actress, comedian and screenwriter
  • 1959Richard Dacoury, French basketball player
  • 1960Maria Wasiak, Polish businesswoman and politician, Polish Minister of Infrastructure and Development
  • 1961Robin Antin, American dancer, choreographer, and businesswoman
  • 1962Todd Bennett, English runner and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1962 – Peter Hedges, American author, screenwriter, and director
  • 1967Heather Nova, Bermudian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970Inspectah Deck, American rapper and producer
  • 1970 – Martin Smith, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972Daniel Andrews, Australian politician, 48th Premier of Victoria
  • 1972 – Laurent Gaudé, French author and playwright
  • 1972 – Greg Norton, American baseball player and coach
  • 1972 – Zhanna Pintusevich-Block, Ukrainian sprinter
  • 1974Zé Roberto, Brazilian footballer
  • 197550 Cent, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1975 – Sebastián Rulli, Argentine-Mexican actor and model
  • 1975 – Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist
  • 1976Rory Delap, English-Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Ioana Dumitriu, Romanian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1977Max Mirnyi, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1977 – Makhaya Ntini, South African cricketer
  • 1978Adam Busch, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1978 – Tamera Mowry, American actress and producer
  • 1978 – Tia Mowry, American actress and producer
  • 1978 – Kevin Senio, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1979Nic Cester, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Kevin Hart, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1980Joell Ortiz, American rapper
  • 1980 – Eva Green, French actress and model[22]
  • 1981Nnamdi Asomugha, American football player
  • 1981 – Roman Shirokov, Russian footballer
  • 1982Brandon Jacobs, American football player
  • 1982 – Misty Upham, American actress (d. 2014)[23]
  • 1983Gregory Smith, Canadian actor, director, and producer
  • 1984Zhang Hao, Chinese figure skater
  • 1985Ranveer Singh, Indian film actor[24]
  • 1986David Karp, American businessman, founded Tumblr
  • 1987Sophie Auster, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1987 – Manteo Mitchell, American runner
  • 1987 – Kate Nash, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1987 – Caroline Trentini, Brazilian model[25]
  • 1988Kevin Fickentscher, Swiss footballer
  • 1990Magaye Gueye, French footballer
  • 1992Manny Machado, Dominican-American baseball player[26]

Deaths

  • 371 BCCleombrotus I, Spartan king
  • 649Goar of Aquitaine, French bishop
  • 887Wang Chongrong, Chinese warlord
  • 918William I, duke of Aquitaine (b. 875)
  • 1017Genshin, Japanese scholar (b. 942)
  • 1070Godelieve, Flemish saint (b. 1049)
  • 1189Henry II, king of England (b. 1133)
  • 1218Odo III, duke of Burgundy (b. 1166)
  • 1249Alexander II, king of Scotland (b. 1198)
  • 1415Jan Hus, Czech priest, philosopher, and reformer (b. 1369)[2]
  • 1476Regiomontanus, German mathematician and astrologer (b. 1436)
  • 1480Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer (b. 1416)
  • 1533Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet and playwright (b. 1474)
  • 1535Thomas More, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1478)
  • 1553Edward VI, king of England and Ireland (b. 1537)
  • 1583Edmund Grindal, English archbishop (b. 1519)
  • 1585Thomas Aufield, English priest and martyr (b. 1552)
  • 1614Man Singh I, Rajput Raja of Amer (b. 1550)
  • 1684Peter Gunning, English bishop (b. 1614)
  • 1758George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, English general and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1768Conrad Beissel, German-American religious leader (b. 1690)
  • 1802Daniel Morgan, American general and politician (b. 1736)
  • 1809Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle, French general (b. 1775)
  • 1813Granville Sharp, English activist (b. 1735)
  • 1815Samuel Whitbread, English politician (b. 1764)
  • 1835John Marshall, American captain and politician, 4th United States Secretary of State (b. 1755)
  • 1854Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (b. 1789)
  • 1868Harada Sanosuke, Japanese captain (b. 1840)
  • 1893Guy de Maupassant, French short story writer, novelist, and poet (b. 1850)
  • 1901Chlodwig Carl Viktor, German prince and chancellor (b. 1819)
  • 1902Maria Goretti, Italian martyr and saint (b. 1890)
  • 1904Abai Qunanbaiuly, Kazakh poet and philosopher (b. 1845)
  • 1907August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German linguist and theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1916Odilon Redon, French painter and illustrator (b. 1840)
  • 1918Wilhelm von Mirbach, German diplomat (b. 1871)
  • 1922Maria Teresia Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian nun and missionary (b. 1863)
  • 1932Kenneth Grahame, Scottish-English author (b. 1859)
  • 1934Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian commander (b. 1888)
  • 1946Horace Pippin, American painter (b. 1888)
  • 1947Adolfo Müller-Ury, Swiss-American painter (b. 1862)
  • 1952Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 14th Premier of Quebec (b. 1867)
  • 1959George Grosz, German painter and illustrator (b. 1893)
  • 1960Aneurin Bevan, Welsh-English politician, Secretary of State for Health (b. 1897)
  • 1961Scott LaFaro, American bassist (b. 1936)
  • 1961 – Woodall Rodgers, American lawyer and politician, Mayor of Dallas (b. 1890)
  • 1962Paul Boffa, Maltese soldier and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1890)
  • 1962 – William Faulkner, American novelist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Joseph August, archduke of Austria (b. 1872)
  • 1963George, duke of Mecklenburg (b. 1899)
  • 1964Claude V. Ricketts, American admiral (b. 1906)
  • 1966Sad Sam Jones, American baseball player and manager (b. 1892)
  • 1967Hilda Taba, Estonian architect and educator (b. 1902)
  • 1971Louis Armstrong, American singer and trumpet player (b. 1901)
  • 1973Otto Klemperer, German-American conductor and composer (b. 1885)
  • 1975Reşat Ekrem Koçu, Turkish historian, scholar, and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1976Zhu De, Chinese general and politician, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (b. 1886)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lenz, German geneticist and physician (b. 1887)
  • 1977Ödön Pártos, Hungarian-Israeli viola player and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1978Babe Paley, American socialite and fashion style icon (b. 1915)
  • 1979Van McCoy, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
  • 1986Jagjivan Ram, Indian lawyer and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of India (b. 1908)
  • 1989János Kádár, Hungarian mechanic and politician, Hungarian Minister of the Interior (b. 1912)
  • 1991Mudashiru Lawal, Nigerian footballer (b. 1954)
  • 1992Marsha P. Johnson, American drag queen performer and activist (b. 1945)
  • 1994Ahmet Haxhiu, Kosovan activist (b. 1932)
  • 1995Aziz Nesin, Turkish author and poet (b. 1915)
  • 1997Chetan Anand, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1998Roy Rogers, American cowboy, actor, and singer (b. 1911)
  • 1999Joaquín Rodrigo, Spanish pianist and composer (b. 1901)
  • 2000Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1911)
  • 2002Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman, founded Reliance Industries (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – John Frankenheimer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2003Buddy Ebsen, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Çelik Gülersoy, Turkish lawyer, historical preservationist, writer and poet (b. 1930)
  • 2004Thomas Klestil, Austrian politician, 10th President of Austria (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Syreeta Wright, American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2005Ed McBain, American author and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Claude Simon, Malagasy-French novelist and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
  • 2006Kasey Rogers, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2007Kathleen E. Woodiwiss, American author (b. 1939)
  • 2009Vasily Aksyonov, Russian author and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Robert McNamara, American businessman and politician, 8th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1916)
  • 2010Harvey Fuqua, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2011Carly Hibberd, Australian road racing cyclist (b. 1985)[27]
  • 2012Hani al-Hassan, Palestinian engineer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013Lo Hsing Han, Burmese businessman, co-founded Asia World (b. 1935)
  • 2014Alan J. Dixon, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 34th Illinois Secretary of State (b. 1927)
  • 2015Jerry Weintraub, American film producer, and talent agent (b. 1937)
  • 2018Shoko Asahara, founder of Japanese cult group Aum Shinrikyo (b. 1955)[28]
  • 2019João Gilberto, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist, pioneer of bossa nova music style (b. 1931)[29]
  • 2020Charlie Daniels, American singer-songwriter, fiddle-player and guitarist (b. 1936)[30]
  • 2020 – Ennio Morricone, Italian composer, orchestrator, conductor, and trumpet player (b. 1928)[31]

Holidays and observances

  • The first day of San Fermín, which lasts until July 14. (Pamplona)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Maria Goretti
    • Romulus of Fiesole
    • July 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Cayman Islands)
  • Day of the Capital (Kazakhstan)
  • Independence Day (Comoros), celebrates the independence of the Comoros from France in 1975.
  • Independence Day (Malawi), celebrates the independence of Malawi from United Kingdom in 1964.
  • International Kissing Day (informally observed)[32]
  • Jan Hus Day (Czech Republic)
  • Kupala Night (Poland, Russia, Belarus and Ukraine)
  • National Fried Chicken Day (United States)
  • Statehood Day (Lithuania)
  • Teachers' Day (Peru)

References

  1. Template:Cite EB1911
  2. 2.0 2.1 Schaff, David Schley, John Huss: his life, teachings and death, after five hundred years, (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1915), p. 257
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  7. Anthony, Raoul: Identification et Etude des Ossements des Rois de Navarre inhumés dans la Cathédrale de Lescar, Paris, Masson, 1931
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  10. Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003, Vol. 1, p. 1065.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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