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Events

  • 328 – The official opening of Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius.
  • 1316 – The Burgundian and Majorcan claimants of the Principality of Achaea meet in the Battle of Manolada.
  • 1594Portuguese forces under the command of Pedro Lopes de Sousa begin an unsuccessful invasion of the Kingdom of Kandy during the Campaign of Danture in Sri Lanka.
  • 1610John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
  • 1687Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
  • 1770 – The Battle of Chesma between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1775 – The Second Continental Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
  • 1803 – The Convention of Artlenburg is signed, leading to the French occupation of the Electorate of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
  • 1807 – In Buenos Aires the local militias repel the British soldiers within the Second English Invasion.
  • 1809 – The largest battle of the Napoleonic Wars, the Battle of Wagram is fought between the French and Austrian Empires.
  • 1811 – The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence is adopted by a congress of the provinces.
  • 1813War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York commence.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: Battle of Chippawa: American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippawa, Ontario.
  • 1833Lê Văn Khôi along with 27 soldiers stage a mutiny taking over the Phiên An citadel, developing into the Lê Văn Khôi revolt against Emperor Minh Mạng.
  • 1833 – Admiral Charles Napier vanquishes the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • 1841Thomas Cook organises the first package excursion, from Leicester to Loughborough.
  • 1884Germany takes possession of Cameroon.
  • 1915 – The Liberty Bell leaves Philadelphia by special train on its way to the Panama–Pacific International Exposition. This is the last trip outside Philadelphia that the custodians of the bell intend to permit.
  • 1934 – "Bloody Thursday": Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
  • 1935 – The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1937Spam, the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • 1940World War II: Foreign relations of Vichy France are severed with the United Kingdom.
  • 1941 – World War II: Operation Barbarossa: German troops reach the Dnieper river.
  • 1943 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943).
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces begin a massive offensive against the Soviet Union at the Battle of Kursk, also known as Operation Citadel.
  • 1946Micheline Bernardini models the first modern bikini at a swimming pool in Paris.
  • 1948National Health Service Acts create the national public health system in the United Kingdom.
  • 1950Korean War: Task Force Smith: American and North Korean forces first clash, in the Battle of Osan.
  • 1950 – Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.
  • 1954 – The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.
  • 1954 – Elvis Presley records his first single, "That's All Right", at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1962 – The official independence of Algeria is proclaimed after an 8-year-long war with France.
  • 1971 – The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
  • 1973 – A boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, kills eleven firefighters.
  • 1975Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
  • 1975 – Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal.
  • 1977Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown.
  • 1980 – Swedish tennis player Björn Borg wins his fifth Wimbledon final and becomes the first male tennis player to win the championships five times in a row (1976–1980).
  • 1987Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE uses suicide attacks on the Sri Lankan Army for the first time. The Black Tigers are born and, in the following years, will continue to kill with the tactic.
  • 1989Iran–Contra affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service. His convictions are later overturned.
  • 1995Armenia adopts its constitution, four years after its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1996Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
  • 1997Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil MP A. Thangathurai is shot dead at Sri Shanmuga Hindu Ladies College in Trincomalee.
  • 1999 – U.S. President Bill Clinton imposes trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – The first direct Indonesian presidential election is held.
  • 2006North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.
  • 2009 – A series of violent riots break out in Ürümqi, the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China.
  • 2009 – The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered in England, consisting of more than 1,500 items, is found near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield, Staffordshire.
  • 2012The Shard in London is inaugurated as the tallest building in Europe, with a height of 310 metres (1,020 ft).
  • 2016 – The Juno space probe arrives at Jupiter and begins a 20-month survey of the planet.

Births

  • 465Ahkal Mo' Naab' I, Mayan ruler (d. 524)
  • 980Mokjong of Goryeo, Korean king (d. 1009)
  • 1029Al-Mustansir Billah, Fatimid caliph (d. 1094)[1]
  • 1057Al-Ghazali, Iranian jurist, philosopher, and mystic (d. 1111)
  • 1321Joan of the Tower, English consort of David II of Scotland (d. 1362)[2]
  • 1466Giovanni Sforza, Italian nobleman (d. 1510)
  • 1547Garzia de' Medici, Tuscan son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1562)
  • 1549Francesco Maria del Monte, Italian cardinal and art collector (d. 1627)
  • 1554Elisabeth of Austria, French queen (d. 1592)[3]
  • 1580Carlo Contarini, doge of Venice (d. 1656)
  • 1586Thomas Hooker, English-born founder of the Colony of Connecticut (d. 1647)
  • 1593Achille d'Étampes de Valençay, French military leader (d. 1646)[4]
  • 1653Thomas Pitt, English businessman and politician (d. 1726)
  • 1670Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg, countess palatine (d. 1748)
  • 1675Mary Walcott, American accuser and witness at the Salem witch trials (d. 1719)
  • 1709Étienne de Silhouette, French translator and politician, Controller-General of Finances (d. 1767)
  • 1717Peter III, Portuguese king (d. 1786)[5]
  • 1718Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1794)
  • 1745Carl Arnold Kortum, German physician and poet (d. 1824)
  • 1755Sarah Siddons, English actress (d. 1831)[6]
  • 1780François Carlo Antommarchi, French physician (d. 1838)
  • 1793Pavel Pestel, Russian officer (d. 1826)
  • 1794Sylvester Graham, American minister and activist (d. 1851)
  • 1801David Farragut, American admiral (d. 1870)
  • 1802Pavel Nakhimov, Russian admiral (d. 1855)
  • 1803George Borrow, British writer (d. 1881)
  • 1805Robert FitzRoy, English captain, meteorologist, and politician, 2nd Governor of New Zealand (d. 1865)
  • 1810P. T. Barnum, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1891)
  • 1820William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish physicist, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1872)
  • 1829Ignacio Mariscal, Mexican politician and diplomat, Secretary of Foreign Affairs for Mexico (d. 1910)
  • 1832Pavel Chistyakov, Russian painter and educator (d. 1919)
  • 1841William Collins Whitney, American financier and politician, 31st United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1904)
  • 1849William Thomas Stead, English journalist (d. 1912)
  • 1853Cecil Rhodes, English-South African businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (d. 1902)
  • 1857Clara Zetkin, German theorist and activist (d. 1933)
  • 1857 – Julien Tiersot, French musicologist and composer (d. 1936)
  • 1860Robert Bacon, American colonel and politician, 39th United States Secretary of State (d. 1919)
  • 1860 – Mathieu Jaboulay, French surgeon (d. 1913)
  • 1862George Nuttall, American-British bacteriologist (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Horatio Caro, English chess master (d. 1920)
  • 1864Stephan Krehl, German composer (d. 1924)
  • 1867A. E. Douglass, American astronomer (d. 1962)
  • 1872Édouard Herriot, French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1957)
  • 1874Eugen Fischer, German physician and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1879Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player and politician, 49th United States Secretary of War (d. 1945)
  • 1879 – Wanda Landowska, Polish-French harpsichord player and educator (d. 1959)
  • 1880Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Constantin Tănase, Romanian actor and playwright (d. 1945)
  • 1882Inayat Khan, Indian mystic and educator (d. 1927)
  • 1883Gustave Lanctot, Canadian historian, author, and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1884Enrico Dante, Italian cardinal (d. 1967)
  • 1885Blas Infante, Spanish historian and politician (d. 1936)
  • 1885 – André Lhote, French sculptor and painter (d. 1962)
  • 1886Willem Drees, Dutch politician and historian, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) (d. 1988)
  • 1886 – Prince John Konstantinovich of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1888Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1963)
  • 1888 – Louise Freeland Jenkins, American astronomer and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1889Jean Cocteau, French novelist, poet, and playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1890Frederick Lewis Allen, American historian and journalist (d. 1954)
  • 1891John Howard Northrop, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1891 – Tin Ujević, Croatian poet and translator (d. 1955)
  • 1893Anthony Berkeley Cox, English writer (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Giuseppe Caselli, Italian painter (d. 1976)
  • 1894Ants Lauter, Estonian actor and director (d. 1973)
  • 1896Thomas Playford IV, Australian politician, 33rd Premier of South Australia (d. 1981)
  • 1898Georgios Grivas, Greek general (d. 1974)
  • 1899Marcel Achard, French playwright, screenwriter, and author (d. 1974)
  • 1900Yoshimaro Yamashina, Japanese ornithologist, founded the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal (d. 1987)
  • 1901Julio Libonatti, Italian-Argentinian footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1902Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American colonel and politician, 3rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1985)
  • 1904Harold Acton, English scholar and author (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist and ornithologist (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Milburn Stone, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1905Madeleine Sylvain-Bouchereau, Haitian sociologist and educator (d. 1970)[7]
  • 1908Henri of Orléans, (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Lyman S. Ayres II, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1910Georges Vedel, French lawyer and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1911Endel Aruja, Estonian-Canadian physicist and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1911 – Haydn Bunton, Sr., Australian footballer and coach (d. 1955)
  • 1911 – Giorgio Borġ Olivier, Maltese lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1980)
  • 1911 – Georges Pompidou, French banker and politician, 19th President of France (d. 1974)
  • 1913George Costakis, Russian art collector (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Smiley Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1966)
  • 1914John Thomas Dunlop, American administrator and labor scholar (d. 2003)
  • 1914Annie Fischer, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1915Babe Paley, American socialite (d. 1978)
  • 1915 – John Woodruff, American runner and commander (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Al Timothy, Trinidadian musician and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1916Lívia Rév, Hungarian classical pianist (d. 2018)
  • 1916 – Ivor Powell, Welsh footballer (d. 2012)[8]
  • 1918K. Karunakaran, Indian lawyer and politician, 7th Chief Minister of Kerala (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Brian James, Australian actor (d. 2009)
  • 1918 – Zakaria Mohieddin, Egyptian general and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – George Rochberg, American composer and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1921Viktor Kulikov, Russian marshal (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Nanos Valaoritis, Greek author, poet, and playwright (d. 2019)
  • 1923George Moore, Australian jockey (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Mitsuye Yamada, Japanese American activist
  • 1924János Starker, Hungarian-American cellist and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Edward Cassidy, Australian Roman Catholic cardinal priest
  • 1925Fernando de Szyszlo, Peruvian painter and sculptor (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Jean Raspail, French author and explorer (d. 2020)
  • 1926Diana Lynn, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1928Pierre Mauroy, French educator and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1929Jimmy Carruthers, Australian boxer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Katherine Helmond, American actress and director (d. 2019)
  • 1929 – Tony Lock, English cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Jovan Rašković, Serbian psychiatrist, academic, and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1929 – Jiří Reynek, Czech poet and graphic artist (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Chikao Ohtsuka, Japanese voice actor (d. 2015)
  • 1931Ismail Mahomed, South African lawyer and politician, 17th Chief Justice of South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1932Gyula Horn, Hungarian politician, 37th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 2013)
  • 1933Paul-Gilbert Langevin, French musicologist, critic and physicist (d. 1986)
  • 1936Shirley Knight, American actress (d. 2020)
  • 1936 – James Mirrlees, Scottish economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
  • 1938Ronnie Self, American singer-songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1940Chuck Close, American painter and photographer
  • 1941Terry Cashman, American singer-songwriter and record producer
  • 1941 – Epeli Nailatikau, Fijian chief, President of Fiji
  • 1942Matthias Bamert, Swiss composer and conductor
  • 1942 – Hannes Löhr, German footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1943Curt Blefary, American baseball player and coach (d. 2001)
  • 1943 – Mark Cox, English tennis player, coach and sportscaster
  • 1943 – Robbie Robertson, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1943 – Pierre Villepreux, French rugby player and coach
  • 1944Leni Björklund, Swedish politician, 28th Swedish Minister of Defence for Sweden
  • 1945Michael Blake, American author and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican lawyer and politician, Attorney General of Mexico
  • 1946Pierre-Marc Johnson, Canadian lawyer, physician, and politician, 24th Premier of Quebec
  • 1946 – Paul Smith, English fashion designer
  • 1946 – Gerard 't Hooft, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1946 – Vladimir Mikhailovich Zakharov, Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 2013)
  • 1947Todd Akin, American politician
  • 1949Ludwig G. Strauss, German physician and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1950Carlos Caszely, Chilean footballer
  • 1950 – Huey Lewis, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1950 – Michael Monarch, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1951Goose Gossage, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Roger Wicker, American colonel, lawyer, and politician
  • 1953Caryn Navy, American mathematician and computer scientist
  • 1954Jimmy Crespo, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1954 – John Wright, New Zealand cricketer and coach
  • 1955Tony Hadley, English footballer
  • 1955 – Peter McNamara, Australian tennis player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1956Horacio Cartes, Paraguayan businessman and politician, President of Paraguay
  • 1956 – James Lofton, American football player and coach
  • 1957Carlo Thränhardt, German high jumper
  • 1957 – Doug Wilson, Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager
  • 1958Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (d. 1996)
  • 1958 – Bill Watterson, American author and illustrator
  • 1959Marc Cohn, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1960Pruitt Taylor Vince, American actor and director
  • 1962Sarina Hülsenbeck, German swimmer
  • 1963Edie Falco, American actress
  • 1964Ronald D. Moore, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1965Kathryn Erbe, American actress
  • 1965 – Eyran Katsenelenbogen, Israeli-American pianist and educator
  • 1966Susannah Doyle, English actress, director, and playwright
  • 1966 – Gianfranco Zola, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1968Ken Akamatsu, Japanese illustrator
  • 1968 – Kenji Ito, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1968 – Nardwuar the Human Serviette, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1968 – Hedi Slimane, French fashion designer and photographer
  • 1968 – Alex Zülle, Swiss cyclist
  • 1968 – Susan Wojcicki, Polish-American technology executive, CEO of YouTube
  • 1969Jenji Kohan, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Armin Kõomägi, Estonian author and screenwriter
  • 1969 – John LeClair, American ice hockey player
  • 1969 – RZA, American rapper, producer, actor, and director
  • 1970Mac Dre, American rapper and producer, founded Thizz Entertainment (d. 2004)
  • 1970 – Valentí Massana, Spanish race walker
  • 1971Derek McInnes, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1972Matthew Birir, Kenyan runner
  • 1972 – Robert Esmie, Canadian sprinter
  • 1972 – Gary Shteyngart, American writer
  • 1973Marcus Allbäck, Swedish footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Bengt Lagerberg, Swedish drummer
  • 1973 – Róisín Murphy, Irish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1974Márcio Amoroso, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975Hernán Crespo, Argentinian footballer and coach
  • 1975 – Ai Sugiyama, Japanese tennis player
  • 1976Bizarre, American rapper
  • 1976 – Nuno Gomes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1977Nicolas Kiefer, German tennis player
  • 1977 – Steven Sharp Nelson, American cellist
  • 1978Britta Oppelt, German rower
  • 1978 – Allan Simonsen, Danish race car driver (d. 2013)
  • 1978 – İsmail YK, German-Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1979Shane Filan, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Amélie Mauresmo, French-Swiss tennis player
  • 1979 – Stiliyan Petrov, Bulgarian footballer and manager
  • 1980David Rozehnal, Czech footballer
  • 1980 – Mads Tolling, Danish-American violinist and composer
  • 1980 – Jason Wade, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1982Fabrício de Souza, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Alexander Dimitrenko, Ukrainian-German boxer
  • 1982 – Alberto Gilardino, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Philippe Gilbert, Belgian cyclist
  • 1982 – Kate Gynther, Australian water polo player
  • 1982 – Dave Haywood, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1982 – Paíto, Mozambican footballer
  • 1982 – Javier Paredes, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Szabolcs Perenyi, Romanian-Hungarian footballer
  • 1982 – Beno Udrih, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1983Marco Estrada, Mexican baseball player
  • 1983 – Jonás Gutiérrez, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983 – Zheng Jie, Chinese tennis player
  • 1983 – Taavi Peetre, Estonian shot putter (d. 2010)
  • 1984Danay Garcia, Cuban actress
  • 1984 – Zack Miller, American golfer
  • 1985Alexandre R. Picard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Megan Rapinoe, American soccer player[9]
  • 1986Iurii Cheban, Ukrainian canoe sprinter[10]
  • 1986 – Piermario Morosini, Italian footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1986 – Alexander Radulov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Owl City, American singer, songwriter and composer
  • 1987Ji Chang-wook, South Korean actor
  • 1987 – Mohd Safiq Rahim, Malaysian footballer
  • 1987 – Andrija Kaluđerović, Serbian footballer
  • 1987 – Alexander Kristoff, Norwegian cyclist[11]
  • 1988Martin Liivamägi, Estonian swimmer
  • 1988 – Samir Ujkani, Albanian footballer
  • 1989Charlie Austin, English footballer
  • 1989 – Georgios Efrem, Cypriot footballer
  • 1989 – Dwight King, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990Abeba Aregawi, Ethiopian-Swedish runner
  • 1992Alberto Moreno, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Chiara Scholl, American tennis player[12]
  • 1993Yaroslav Kosov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1994Diana Harkusha, Ukrainian lawyer, dancer, model and beauty queen
  • 1994 – Shohei Ohtani, Japanese baseball player

Deaths

  • 905Cui Yuan, Chinese chancellor
  • 905 – Dugu Sun, Chinese chancellor
  • 905 – Lu Yi, Chinese chancellor (b. 847)
  • 905 – Pei Shu, Chinese chancellor (b. 841)
  • 905 – Wang Pu, Chinese chancellor
  • 936Xu Ji, Chinese official and chancellor
  • 967Murakami, Japanese emperor (b. 926)
  • 1080Ísleifur Gissurarson, Icelandic bishop (b. 1006)
  • 1091William of Hirsau, German abbot
  • 1316Ferdinand, prince of Majorca (b. 1278)
  • 1375Charles III, French nobleman (b. 1337)
  • 1413Musa Çelebi, Ottoman prince and co-ruler
  • 1507Crinitus, Italian scholar and academic (b. 1475)
  • 1539Anthony Maria Zaccaria, Italian saint (b. 1502)
  • 1661Sir Hugh Speke, 1st Baronet[13]
  • 1666Albert VI, German nobleman (b. 1584)
  • 1676Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish field marshal and politician (b. 1613)
  • 1715Charles Ancillon, French jurist and diplomat (b. 1659)
  • 1719Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, German-English general (b. 1641)
  • 1773Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
  • 1819William Cornwallis, English admiral and politician (b.1744)
  • 1826Stamford Raffles, English politician, founded Singapore (b. 1782)
  • 1833Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor, created the first known photograph (b. 1765)
  • 1859Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist and engineer (b. 1777)
  • 1862Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist and paleontologist (b. 1800)
  • 1863Lewis Armistead, American general (b. 1817)
  • 1884Victor Massé, French composer (b. 1822)
  • 1908Jonas Lie, Norwegian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1833)
  • 1920Max Klinger, German painter and sculptor (b. 1857)
  • 1927Albrecht Kossel, German physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1929Henry Johnson, American sergeant (b. 1897)
  • 1932Sasha Chorny, Russian poet and author (b. 1880)
  • 1935Bernard de Pourtalès, Swiss captain and sailor (b. 1870)
  • 1937Daniel Sawyer, American golfer (b. 1884)
  • 1943Kazimierz Junosza-Stępowski, Polish actor (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Karin Swanström, Swedish actress, director, and producer (b. 1873)
  • 1945John Curtin, Australian journalist and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
  • 1948Georges Bernanos, French soldier and author (b. 1888)
  • 1948 – Carole Landis, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1948 – Piet Aalberse, Dutch politician (b. 1871)
  • 1957Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar (b. 1887)
  • 1965Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican race car driver, polo player, and diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1966George de Hevesy, Hungarian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1969Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist and educator (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Walter Gropius, German architect, designed the John F. Kennedy Federal Building and Werkbund Exhibition (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Tom Mboya, Kenyan politician, 1st Kenyan Minister of Justice (b. 1930)
  • 1969 – Leo McCarey, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1898)
  • 1975Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano and actress (b. 1892)
  • 1983Harry James, American trumpet player and actor (b. 1916)
  • 1984Chic Murray, Canadian politician, 2nd Mayor of Mississauga (b. 1914)
  • 1991Howard Nemerov, American poet and essayist (b. 1920)
  • 1995Jüri Järvet, Estonian actor and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  • 1997A. Thangathurai, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
  • 1998Sid Luckman, American football player (b. 1916)
  • 2002Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Ted Williams, American baseball player and manager (b. 1918)
  • 2004Hugh Shearer, Jamaican journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1921)
  • 2005James Stockdale, American admiral (b. 1923)
  • 2006Gert Fredriksson, Swedish canoe racer (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Thirunalloor Karunakaran, Indian poet and scholar (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Amzie Strickland, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2007Régine Crespin, French soprano (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – George Melly, English singer-songwriter and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2008Hasan Doğan, Turkish businessman (b. 1956)
  • 2010Bob Probert, Canadian ice hockey player and radio host (b. 1965)
  • 2011Cy Twombly, American-Italian painter, sculptor, and photographer (b. 1928)
  • 2012Rob Goris, Belgian cyclist (b. 1982)
  • 2012 – Gerrit Komrij, Dutch author, poet, and playwright (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Colin Marshall, Baron Marshall of Knightsbridge, English businessman and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Ruud van Hemert, Dutch actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2013Bud Asher, American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – David Cargo, American politician, 22nd Governor of New Mexico (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Lambert Jackson Woodburne, South African admiral (b. 1939)
  • 2014Rosemary Murphy, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Volodymyr Sabodan, Ukrainian metropolitan (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Brett Wiesner, American soccer player (b. 1983)
  • 2015 – Uffe Haagerup, Danish mathematician and academic (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)

Holidays and observances

  • Bloody Thursday (International Longshore and Warehouse Union)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anthony Maria Zaccaria, priest (d. 1539)
    • Cyril and Methodius (a public holiday in Czech Republic and Slovakia)
    • Zoe of Rome (Roman Catholic Church)
    • July 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Armenia)
  • Independence Day (Algeria), celebrating the independence of Algeria from France in 1962.
  • Independence Day (Cape Verde), celebrating the independence of Cape Verde from Portugal in 1975.
  • Independence Day (Venezuela), celebrating the independence of Venezuela from Spain in 1811; also National Armed Forces Day.
  • Tynwald Day, if July 5 is on a weekend, the holiday is the following Monday. (Isle of Man)

References

  1. Holt, P. M., and M. W. Daly. "A History of the Sudan: From the Coming of Islam to the Present Day." Taylor & Francis Group, 2014. Page 16
  2. Panton, James. Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2011. ISBN: 978-0810857797 Page 281.
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  4. "Achilles to Étampes-Valencay" in Marie-Nicolas Bouillet and Alexis CHASSANG (dir.), Dictionnaire universel d'histoire et de géographie, 1878
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  13. George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage, Volume 3 1900

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External links

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