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  2021 (Sunday)
  2020 (Saturday)
  2019 (Thursday)
  2018 (Wednesday)
  2017 (Tuesday)
  2016 (Monday)
  2015 (Saturday)
  2014 (Friday)
  2013 (Thursday)
  2012 (Wednesday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".July 4 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 180 days remain until the end of the year.

The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.

Events

  • 362 BCBattle of Mantinea: The Thebans, led by Epaminondas, defeated the Spartans.
  • 414 – Emperor Theodosius II, age 13, yields power to his older sister Aelia Pulcheria, who reigned as regent and proclaimed herself empress (Augusta) of the Eastern Roman Empire.
  • 836Pactum Sicardi, a peace treaty between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples, is signed.
  • 993Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized as a saint.
  • 1054 – A supernova, called SN 1054, is seen by Chinese Song dynasty, Arab, and possibly Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.
  • 1120Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death.
  • 1187 – The Crusades: Battle of Hattin: Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem.
  • 1253 – Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre.
  • 1359Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1456Ottoman–Hungarian wars: The Siege of Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade) begins.
  • 1534Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye.
  • 1584Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe arrive at Roanoke Island
  • 1610 – The Battle of Klushino is fought between forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia during the Polish–Muscovite War.
  • 1634 – The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France (now Quebec, Canada).
  • 1744 – The Treaty of Lancaster, in which the Iroquois cede lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio River to the British colonies, was signed in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
  • 1774Orangetown Resolutions are adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts.
  • 1776American Revolution: The United States Declaration of Independence is adopted by the Second Continental Congress.
  • 1778American Revolutionary War: U.S. forces under George Clark capture Kaskaskia during the Illinois campaign.
  • 1802 – At West Point, New York, the United States Military Academy opens.
  • 1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
  • 1817 – In Rome, New York, construction on the Erie Canal begins.
  • 1826John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, respectively the second and third presidents of the United States, die the same day, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence. Adams' last words were, "Thomas Jefferson survives."
  • 1827Slavery is abolished in the State of New York.
  • 1831Samuel Francis Smith writes "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" for the Boston, Massachusetts July 4 festivities.
  • 1837Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
  • 1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.
  • 1845Henry David Thoreau moves into a small cabin on Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts. Thoreau's account of his two years there, Walden, will become a touchstone of the environmental movement.
  • 1855 – The first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, Leaves of Grass, is published In Brooklyn.
  • 1862Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.
  • 1863American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg: Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to U.S. forces under Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. One hundred fifty miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate army is repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Army of Northern Virginia withdraws from the battlefield after losing the Battle of Gettysburg, signalling an end to the Confederate invasion of U.S. territory.
  • 1879Anglo-Zulu War: The Zululand capital of Ulundi is captured by British troops and burned to the ground, ending the war and forcing King Cetshwayo to flee.
  • 1881 – In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
  • 1886 – The Canadian Pacific Railway's first scheduled train from Montreal arrives in Port Moody on the Pacific coast, after six days of travel.
  • 1887 – The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
  • 1892Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, causing Monday (July 4) to occur twice, resulting in a year with 367 days.
  • 1894 – The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.
  • 1898 – En route from New York to Le Havre, the SS La Bourgogne collides with another ship and sinks off the coast of Sable Island, with the loss of 549 lives.
  • 1901William Howard Taft becomes American governor of the Philippines.
  • 1903 – The Philippine–American War is officially concluded.
  • 1910 – The Johnson–Jeffries riots occur after African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in the 15th round. Between 11 and 26 people are killed and hundreds more injured.
  • 1911 – A massive heat wave strikes the northeastern United States, killing 380 people in eleven days and breaking temperature records in several cities.
  • 1913President Woodrow Wilson addresses American Civil War veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • 1914 – The funeral of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie takes place in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo.
  • 1918Mehmed V died at the age of 73 and Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Battle of Hamel, a successful attack by the Australian Corps against German positions near the town of Le Hamel on the Western Front.
  • 1918 – Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).
  • 1927 – First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
  • 1939Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, informs a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considers himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth", then announces his retirement from major league baseball.
  • 1941Nazi crimes against the Polish nation: Nazi troops massacre Polish scientists and writers in the captured Ukrainian city of Lviv.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Burning of the Riga synagogues: The Great Choral Synagogue in German occupied Riga is burnt with 300 Jews locked in the basement.
  • 1942 – World War II: The 250-day Siege of Sevastopol in the Crimea ends when the city falls to Axis forces.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history and the world's largest tank battle, begins in the village of Prokhorovka.
  • 1943 – World War II: In Gibraltar, a Royal Air Force B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into the sea in an apparent accident moments after takeoff, killing sixteen passengers on board, including general Władysław Sikorski, the commander-in-chief of the Polish Army and the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile; only the pilot survives.
  • 1946 – The Kielce pogrom against Jewish Holocaust survivors in Poland.
  • 1946 – After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule by various powers, the Philippines attains full independence from the United States.
  • 1947 – The "Indian Independence Bill" is presented before the British House of Commons, proposing the independence of the Provinces of British India into two sovereign countries: India and Pakistan.
  • 1950Cold War: Radio Free Europe first broadcasts.
  • 1951 – Cold War: A court in Czechoslovakia sentences American journalist William N. Oatis to ten years in prison on charges of espionage.
  • 1951 – William Shockley announces the invention of the junction transistor.
  • 1954Rationing ends in the United Kingdom.
  • 1960 – Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Acts (United States)).
  • 1961 – On its maiden voyage, the Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-19 suffers a complete loss of coolant to its reactor. The crew are able to effect repairs, but 22 of them die of radiation poisoning over the following two years.
  • 1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act went into effect the next year.
  • 1976Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all but four of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
  • 1976 – The U.S. celebrates its Bicentennial.
  • 1977 – The George Jackson Brigade plants a bomb at the main power substation for the Washington state capitol in Olympia, in solidarity with a prison strike at the Walla Walla State Penitentiary Intensive Security Unit.
  • 1982 – Three Iranian diplomats and a journalist are kidnapped in Lebanon by Phalange forces, and their fate remains unknown.
  • 1987 – In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (a.k.a. the "Butcher of Lyon") is convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 1994Rwandan genocide: Kigali, the Rwandan capital, is captured by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, ending the genocide in the city.
  • 1997NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
  • 1998 – Japan launches the Nozomi probe to Mars, joining the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.
  • 2001Vladivostock Air Flight 352 crashes on approach to Irkutsk Airport killing all 145 people on board.[1]
  • 2004 – The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the World Trade Center site in New York City.
  • 2004 – Greece beats Portugal in the UEFA Euro 2004 Final and becomes European Champion for first time in its history.
  • 2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
  • 2006Space Shuttle program: Discovery launches STS-121 to the International Space Station. The event gained wide media attention as it was the only shuttle launch in the program's history to occur on the United States' Independence Day.[2]
  • 2009 – The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks.
  • 2009 – The first of four days of bombings begins on the southern Philippine island group of Mindanao.
  • 2012 – The discovery of particles consistent with the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider is announced at CERN.
  • 2015 – Chile claims its first title in international soccer by defeating Argentina in the 2015 Copa América Final.

Births

  • AD 68Salonina Matidia, Roman daughter of Ulpia Marciana (d. 119)[3]
  • 1095Usama ibn Munqidh, Muslim poet, author and faris (Knight) (d. 1188)[4]
  • 1330Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shōgun (d. 1367)
  • 1477Johannes Aventinus, Bavarian historian and philologist (d. 1534)
  • 1546Murad III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1595)
  • 1656John Leake, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1720)
  • 1694Louis-Claude Daquin, French organist and composer (d. 1772)
  • 1715Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and academic (d. 1769)
  • 1719Michel-Jean Sedaine, French playwright (d. 1797)
  • 1729George Leonard, American lawyer, jurist and politician (d. 1819)
  • 1753Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight (d. 1809)
  • 1790George Everest, Welsh geographer and surveyor (d. 1866)
  • 1799Oscar I of Sweden (d. 1859)
  • 1804Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1864)
  • 1807Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and politician (d. 1882)
  • 1816Hiram Walker, American businessman, founded Canadian Club whisky (d. 1899)
  • 1826Stephen Foster, American songwriter and composer (d. 1864)
  • 1842Hermann Cohen, German philosopher (d. 1918)
  • 1845Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist and humanitarian (d. 1905)
  • 1847James Anthony Bailey, American circus ringmaster, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1906)
  • 1854Victor Babeș, Romanian physician and biologist (d. 1926)
  • 1868Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1871Hubert Cecil Booth, English engineer (d. 1955)[5]
  • 1872Calvin Coolidge, American lawyer and politician, 30th President of the United States (d. 1933)
  • 1874John McPhee, Australian journalist and politician, 27th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1952)
  • 1880Victor Kraft, Austrian philosopher from the Vienna Circle (d. 1975)
  • 1881Ulysses S. Grant III, American general (d. 1968)
  • 1883Rube Goldberg, American sculptor, cartoonist, and engineer (d. 1970)
  • 1887Pio Pion, Italian engineer and businessman (d. 1965)
  • 1888Henry Armetta, Italian-American actor and singer (d. 1945)
  • 1895Irving Caesar, American songwriter and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1896Mao Dun, Chinese journalist, author, and critic (d. 1981)
  • 1897Alluri Sitarama Raju, Indian activist (d. 1924)
  • 1898Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican-American historian and activist (d. 1997)
  • 1898 – Gertrude Lawrence, British actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1952)
  • 1898 – Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian politician (d. 1998)
  • 1898 – Gertrude Weaver, American supercentenarian (d. 2015)
  • 1900Belinda Dann, Indigenous Australian who was one of the Stolen Generation, reunited with family aged 107 (d. 2007)
  • 1900 – Nellie Mae Rowe, American folk artist (d. 1982)
  • 1902Meyer Lansky, American gangster (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – George Murphy, American actor and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1903Flor Peeters, Belgian organist, composer, and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1904Angela Baddeley, English actress (d. 1976)
  • 1905Irving Johnson, American sailor and author (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Robert Hankey, 2nd Baron Hankey, British diplomat and public servant (d. 1996)
  • 1905 – Lionel Trilling, American critic, essayist, short story writer, and educator (d. 1975)
  • 1906Vincent Schaefer, American chemist and meteorologist (d. 1993)
  • 1907John Anderson, American discus thrower (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Howard Taubman, American author and critic (d. 1996)
  • 1909Alec Templeton, Welsh composer, pianist and satirist (d. 1963)
  • 1910Robert K. Merton, American sociologist and scholar (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Gloria Stuart, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1911Bruce Hamilton, Australian public servant (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Mitch Miller, American singer and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1914Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer (d. 1997)
  • 1915Timmie Rogers, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1916Iva Toguri D'Aquino, American typist and broadcaster (d. 2006)
  • 1918Eppie Lederer, American journalist and radio host (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Johnnie Parsons, American race car driver (d. 1984)
  • 1918 – King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV of Tonga, (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Alec Bedser, English cricketer (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Eric Bedser, English cricketer (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Pauline Phillips, American journalist and radio host, created Dear Abby (d. 2013)
  • 1920Norm Drucker, American basketball player and referee (d. 2015)
  • 1920 – Leona Helmsley, American businesswoman (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Fritz Wilde, German footballer and manager (d. 1977)
  • 1920 – Paul Bannai, American politician (d. 2019)
  • 1921Gérard Debreu, French economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Nasser Sharifi, Iranian sports shooter
  • 1921 – Metropolitan Mikhail of Asyut (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Philip Rose, American actor, playwright, and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1921 – Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist and conductor (d. 2003)
  • 1922R. James Harvey, American politician (d. 2019)
  • 1923Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1924Eva Marie Saint, American actress
  • 1924 – Delia Fiallo, Cuban author and screenwriter
  • 1925Ciril Zlobec, Slovene poet, writer, translator, journalist and politician (d. 2018[6])
  • 1925 – Dorothy Head Knode, American tennis player[7] (d. 2015)
  • 1926Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentinian-Spanish footballer and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Lake Underwood, American race car driver and businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1927Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress and photographer
  • 1927 – Neil Simon, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1928Giampiero Boniperti, Italian footballer and politician
  • 1928 – Teofisto Guingona Jr., Filipino politician; 11th Vice President of the Philippines
  • 1928 – Jassem Alwan, Syrian Army Officer (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Shan Ratnam, Sri Lankan physician and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Chuck Tanner, American baseball player and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1929Ron Casey, Australian journalist and sportscaster (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Al Davis, American football player, coach, and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Bill Tuttle, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1930George Steinbrenner, American businessman (d. 2010)
  • 1931Stephen Boyd, Northern Ireland-born American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1931 – Rick Casares, American football player and soldier (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Sébastien Japrisot, French author, director, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Peter Richardson, English cricketer (d. 2017)
  • 1932Aurèle Vandendriessche, Belgian runner
  • 1934Yvonne B. Miller, American academic and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Colin Welland, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1935Paul Scoon, Grenadian politician, 2nd Governor-General of Grenada (d. 2013)
  • 1936Zdzisława Donat, Polish soprano and actress
  • 1937Thomas Nagel, American philosopher and academic
  • 1937 – Queen Sonja of Norway
  • 1937 – Richard Rhodes, American journalist and historian
  • 1937 – Eric Walters, Australian journalist (d. 2010)
  • 1938Steven Rose, English biologist and academic
  • 1938 – Bill Withers, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2020)
  • 1940Pat Stapleton, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2020)
  • 1941Sam Farr, American politician
  • 1941 – Tomaž Šalamun, Croatian-Slovenian poet and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1941 – Pavel Sedláček, Czech singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Brian Willson, American soldier, lawyer, and activist
  • 1942Hal Lanier, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1942 – Floyd Little, American football player and coach[8]
  • 1942 – Stefan Meller, French-Polish academic and politician, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2008)
  • 1942 – Prince Michael of Kent
  • 1942 – Peter Rowan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943Conny Bauer, German trombonist
  • 1943 – Emerson Boozer, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1943 – Adam Hart-Davis, English historian, author, and photographer
  • 1943 – Geraldo Rivera, American lawyer, journalist, and author[9]
  • 1943 – Fred Wesley, American jazz and funk trombonist[10]
  • 1943 – Alan Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1970)
  • 1945Andre Spitzer, Romanian-Israeli fencer and coach (d. 1972)
  • 1946Ron Kovic, American author and activist
  • 1946 – Michael Milken, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1947Lembit Ulfsak, Estonian actor and director (d. 2017)
  • 1948René Arnoux, French race car driver
  • 1948 – Tommy Körberg, Swedish singer and actor
  • 1948 – Jeremy Spencer, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950Philip Craven, English basketball player and swimmer
  • 1950 – David Jensen, Canadian-English radio and television host
  • 1951John Alexander, Australian tennis player and politician
  • 1951 – Ralph Johnson, American R&B drummer and percussionist
  • 1951 – Vladimir Tismăneanu, Romanian-American political scientist, sociologist, and academic
  • 1951 – Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American lawyer and politician, 6th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
  • 1952Álvaro Uribe, Colombian lawyer and politician, 39th President of Colombia
  • 1952 – Carol MacReady, English actress
  • 1952 – John Waite, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Paul Rogat Loeb, American author and activist
  • 1953Francis Maude, English lawyer and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1954Jim Beattie, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1954 – Morganna, American model, actress, and dancer
  • 1954 – Devendra Kumar Joshi, 21st Chief of Naval Staff of the Indian Navy
  • 1955Kevin Nichols, Australian cyclist
  • 1956Robert Sinclair MacKay, British academic and educator
  • 1957Rein Lang, Estonian politician and diplomat, 25th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1958Vera Leth, Greenlandic Ombudsman
  • 1958 – Kirk Pengilly, Australian guitarist, saxophonist, and songwriter
  • 1958 – Carl Valentine, English-Canadian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1959Victoria Abril, Spanish actress and singer
  • 1960Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver (d. 1994)
  • 1961Richard Garriott, English-American video game designer, created the Ultima series
  • 1962Pam Shriver, American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1963Henri Leconte, French tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Laureano Márquez, Spanish-Venezuelan political scientist and journalist
  • 1963 – José Oquendo, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1963 – Sonia Pierre, Hatian-Dominican human rights activist (d. 2011)[11]
  • 1964Cle Kooiman, American soccer player and manager
  • 1964 – Elie Saab, Lebanese fashion designer
  • 1964 – Edi Rama, Albanian politician
  • 1964 – Mark Slaughter, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1964 – Mark Whiting, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1965Harvey Grant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1965 – Horace Grant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1965 – Kiriakos Karataidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Gérard Watkins, English actor and playwright
  • 1966Ronni Ancona, Scottish actress and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Minas Hantzidis, German-Greek footballer
  • 1966 – Lee Reherman, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1967Vinny Castilla, Mexican baseball player and manager
  • 1967 – Sébastien Deleigne, French athlete
  • 1969Al Golden, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Todd Marinovich, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Wilfred Mugeyi, Zimbabwean footballer and coach
  • 1972Stephen Giles, Canadian canoe racer and engineer
  • 1972 – Mike Knuble, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1973Keiko Ihara, Japanese race car driver
  • 1973 – Gackt, Japanese musician, singer, songwriter, record producer and actor
  • 1973 – Michael Johnson, English-Jamaican footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Anjelika Krylova, Russian ice dancer and coach
  • 1973 – Jan Magnussen, Danish race car driver
  • 1973 – Tony Popovic, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1974Jill Craybas, American tennis player
  • 1974 – La'Roi Glover, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Adrian Griffin, American basketball player and coach
  • 1976Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • 1976 – Yevgeniya Medvedeva, Russian skier
  • 1978Marcos Daniel, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1978 – Émile Mpenza, Belgian footballer
  • 1979Siim Kabrits, Estonian politician[12]
  • 1979 – Josh McCown, American football player
  • 1979 – Renny Vega, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1980Kwame Steede, Bermudan footballer
  • 1981Dedé, Angolan footballer
  • 1981 – Brock Berlin, American football player
  • 1981 – Christoph Preuß, German footballer
  • 1981 – Francisco Cruceta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Will Smith, American football player (d. 2016)
  • 1982Vladimir Boisa, Georgian basketball player
  • 1982 – Vladimir Gusev, Russian cyclist
  • 1982 – Jeff Lima, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1982 – Michael "The Situation" Sorrentino, American model, author and television personality[13]
  • 1983Melanie Fiona, Canadian singer-songwriter[14]
  • 1983 – Amantle Montsho, Botswanan sprinter
  • 1983 – Miguel Pinto, Chilean footballer
  • 1983 – Amol Rajan, Indian-English journalist
  • 1983 – Mattia Serafini, Italian footballer
  • 1984Jin Akanishi, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Miguel Santos Soares, Timorese footballer
  • 1985 – Kane Tenace, Australian footballer
  • 1985 – Dimitrios Mavroeidis, Greek basketball player
  • 1985 – Wason Rentería, Colombian footballer
  • 1986Ömer Aşık, Turkish basketball player
  • 1986 – Nguyen Ngoc Duy, Vietnamese footballer
  • 1986 – Rafael Arévalo, Salvadoran tennis player
  • 1986 – Willem Janssen, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Terrance Knighton, American football player
  • 1986 – Marte Elden, Norwegian skier
  • 1987Wude Ayalew, Ethiopian runner
  • 1987 – Guram Kashia, Georgian footballer
  • 1988Angelique Boyer, French-Mexican actress
  • 1989Benjamin Büchel, Liechtensteiner footballer
  • 1990Jake Gardiner, American ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Richard Mpong, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1990 – Naoki Yamada, Japanese footballer
  • 1990 – Ihar Yasinski, Belarusian footballer
  • 1992Ángel Romero, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1992 – Óscar Romero, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1993Tom Barkhuizen, English footballer
  • 1995Post Malone, American singer, rapper, songwriter and record producer [15]
  • 1999Moa Kikuchi, Japanese musician [16]
  • 2003Polina Bogusevich, Russian singer[17]

Deaths

  • 673Ecgberht, king of Kent
  • 907Luitpold, margrave of Bavaria
  • 907 – Dietmar I, archbishop of Salzburg
  • 910Luo Shaowei, Chinese warlord (b. 877)
  • 940Wang Jianli, Chinese general (b. 871)
  • 943Taejo of Goryeo, Korean king (b. 877)
  • 945Zhuo Yanming, Chinese Buddhist monk and emperor
  • 965Benedict V, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 973Ulrich of Augsburg, German bishop and saint (b. 890)
  • 975Gwangjong of Goryeo, Korean king (b. 925)
  • 1187Raynald of Châtillon, French knight (b. 1125)
  • 1307Rudolf I of Bohemia (b. 1281)
  • 1336 – Saint Elizabeth of Portugal (b. 1271)
  • 1429Carlo I Tocco, ruler of Epirus (b. 1372)
  • 1533John Frith, English priest, writer, and martyr (b. 1503)
  • 1541Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish general and explorer (b. 1495)
  • 1546Hayreddin Barbarossa, Ottoman admiral (b. 1478)
  • 1551Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, English politician (b. 1514)
  • 1603Philippe de Monte, Flemish composer and educator (b. 1521)
  • 1623William Byrd, English composer (b. c. 1540)
  • 1644Brian Twyne, English academic, antiquarian and archivist (b. 1581)
  • 1648Antoine Daniel, French missionary and saint, one of the eight Canadian Martyrs (b. 1601)
  • 1742Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (b. 1671)
  • 1754Philippe Néricault Destouches, French playwright and author (b. 1680)
  • 1761Samuel Richardson, English author and painter (b. 1689)
  • 1780Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (b. 1712)
  • 1787Charles, Prince of Soubise, Marshal of France (b. 1715)
  • 1821Richard Cosway, English painter and academic (b. 1742)
  • 1826John Adams, American lawyer and politician, 2nd President of the United States (b. 1735)
  • 1826 – Thomas Jefferson, American architect, lawyer, and politician, 3rd President of the United States (b. 1743)
  • 1831James Monroe, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)
  • 1848François-René de Chateaubriand, French historian and politician (b. 1768)
  • 1850William Kirby, English entomologist and author (b. 1759)
  • 1854Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German academic and jurist (b. 1781)
  • 1857William L. Marcy, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 21st United States Secretary of State (b. 1786)
  • 1881Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish philosopher and politician (b. 1806)
  • 1882Joseph Brackett, American composer and author (b. 1797)
  • 1886Poundmaker, Canadian tribal chief (b. 1797)
  • 1891Hannibal Hamlin, American lawyer and politician, 15th Vice President of the United States (b. 1809)
  • 1901Johannes Schmidt, German linguist and academic (b. 1843)
  • 1902Vivekananda, Indian monk and saint (b. 1863)
  • 1905Élisée Reclus, French geographer and author (b. 1830)
  • 1910Melville Fuller, American lawyer and jurist, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1833)[18]
  • 1910 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer and historian (b. 1835)
  • 1916Alan Seeger, American soldier and poet (b. 1888)
  • 1922Lothar von Richthofen, German lieutenant and pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1926Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian activist and saint (b. 1901)
  • 1934Marie Curie, French-Polish physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)[19]
  • 1938Otto Bauer, Austrian philosopher and politician, Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1881)
  • 1938 – Suzanne Lenglen, French tennis player (b. 1899)
  • 1941Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician and academic (b. 1881)
  • 1943Władysław Sikorski, Polish general and politician, 9th Prime Minister of the Second Republic of Poland (b. 1881)
  • 1946Taffy O'Callaghan, Welsh footballer and coach (b. 1906)
  • 1948Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian journalist and author (b. 1882)
  • 1949François Brandt, Dutch rower and engineer (b. 1874)
  • 1963Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, New Zealand general and politician, 7th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
  • 1963 – Clyde Kennard, American activist and martyr (b. 1927)
  • 1963 – Pingali Venkayya, Indian activist, designed the Flag of India (b. 1876)
  • 1964Gaby Morlay, French actress and singer (b. 1893)
  • 1969Henri Decoin, French director and screenwriter (b. 1890)
  • 1970Barnett Newman, American painter and illustrator (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, American sailor and businessman (b. 1884)
  • 1971August Derleth, American anthologist and author (b. 1909)
  • 1971 – Thomas C. Hart, American admiral and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1974Georgette Heyer, English author (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – André Randall, French actor (b. 1892)
  • 1976Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli colonel (b. 1946)
  • 1976 – Antoni Słonimski, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1895)
  • 1977Gersh Budker, Ukrainian physicist and academic (b. 1918)
  • 1979Lee Wai Tong, Chinese footballer and manager (b. 1905)
  • 1980Maurice Grevisse, Belgian linguist and author (b. 1895)
  • 1984Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 1986Paul-Gilbert Langevin, French musicologist, critique musical and physicist (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Flor Peeters, Belgian organist and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Oscar Zariski, Belarusian-American mathematician and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1988Adrian Adonis, American wrestler (b. 1954)
  • 1990Olive Ann Burns, American journalist and author (b. 1924)
  • 1991Victor Chang, Chinese-Australian surgeon and physician (b. 1936)
  • 1991 – Art Sansom, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
  • 1992Astor Piazzolla, Argentinian bandoneon player and composer (b. 1921)
  • 1993Bona Arsenault, Canadian historian, genealogist, and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1994Joey Marella, American wrestling referee (b. 1964)
  • 1995Eva Gabor, Hungarian-American actress and singer (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Bob Ross, American painter and television host (b. 1942)
  • 1997Charles Kuralt, American journalist (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – John Zachary Young, English zoologist and neurophysiologist (b. 1907)
  • 1999Leo Garel, American illustrator and educator (b. 1917)
  • 2000Gustaw Herling-Grudziński, Polish journalist and author (b. 1919)
  • 2002Gerald Bales, Canadian organist and composer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American general (b. 1912)
  • 2003Larry Burkett, American author and radio host (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – André Claveau, French singer (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Barry White, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2004Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss violinist and conductor (b. 1920)
  • 2005Cliff Goupille, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Hank Stram, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2007Bill Pinkney, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 2008Thomas M. Disch, American author and poet (b. 1940)
  • 2008 – Jesse Helms, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Evelyn Keyes, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Terrence Kiel, American football player (b. 1980)
  • 2008 – Charles Wheeler, German-English soldier and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2009Brenda Joyce, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2009 – Allen Klein, American businessman and talent agent, founded ABKCO Records (b. 1931)
  • 2009 – Drake Levin, American guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 2009 – Steve McNair, American football player (b. 1973)
  • 2009 – Lasse Strömstedt, Swedish author and actor (b. 1935)
  • 2009 – Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard, Congolese poet and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2010Robert Neil Butler, American physician and author (b. 1927)
  • 2012Hiren Bhattacharyya, Indian poet and author (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Bivins, American boxer (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Jeong Min-hyeong, South Korean footballer (b. 1987)
  • 2012 – Eric Sykes, English actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2013Onllwyn Brace, Welsh rugby player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Jack Crompton, English footballer and manager (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – James Fulton, American dermatologist and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Charles A. Hines, American general (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Bernie Nolan, Irish singer (b. 1960)
  • 2014Giorgio Faletti, Italian author, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – C. J. Henderson, American author and critic (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Earl Robinson, American baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Richard Mellon Scaife, American businessman (b. 1932)
  • 2015Nedelcho Beronov, Bulgarian judge and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – William Conrad Gibbons, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2016Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian film director, screenwriter, poet, and photographer (b. 1940)
  • 2017John Blackwell, American R&B, funk, and jazz drummer (b. 1973)
  • 2017 – Daniil Granin, Soviet and Russian author (b. 1919)
  • 2017 – Gene Conley, American MLB player and NBA player (b. 1930)[20]
  • 2018Henri Dirickx, Belgian footballer (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Robby Müller, Dutch cinematographer (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Andrew of Crete
    • Bertha of Artois
    • Blessed Catherine Jarrige
    • Blessed Pier Giorgio Frassati
    • Elizabeth of Aragon (or of Portugal)
    • Oda of Canterbury
    • Ulrich of Augsburg
    • July 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Birthday of Queen Sonja (Norway)
  • The first evening of Dree Festival, celebrated until July 7 (Apatani people, Arunachal Pradesh, India)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the Declaration of Independence of the United States from Great Britain in 1776. (United States and its dependencies)
  • Liberation Day (Northern Mariana Islands)
  • Liberation Day (Rwanda)
  • Republic Day (Philippines)

References

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  4. According to Ibn Khallikan he was born on 27 Jumada al-Thani, 488 AH and died 23 Ramadan 584 AH. Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, trans. William MacGuckin, Baron de Slane, vol. 1 (Paris: 1842), p. 179. The Gregorian calendar dates are from Cobb, Usama ibn Munqidh, p. 4.
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External links

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