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2021

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Events

  • 762Baghdad is founded.
  • 1419First Defenestration of Prague: A crowd of radical Hussites kill seven members of the Prague city council.
  • 1502Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.
  • 1609Beaver Wars: At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs on behalf of his native allies.
  • 1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first Colonial European representative assembly in the Americas, the Virginia General Assembly, convenes for the first time.
  • 1627An earthquake kills about 5,000 people in Gargano, Italy.[1]
  • 1635Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Schenkenschans begins; Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, begins the recapture of the strategically important fortress from the Spanish Army.
  • 1656 – Swedish forces under the command of King Charles X Gustav defeat the forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth at the Battle of Warsaw.
  • 1676Nathaniel Bacon issues the "Declaration of the People of Virginia", beginning Bacon's Rebellion against the rule of Governor William Berkeley.
  • 1729 – Founding of Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 1733 – The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the future United States is constituted in Massachusetts.
  • 1756 – In Saint Petersburg, Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.
  • 1811 – Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua City, Mexico.
  • 1859 – First ascent of Grand Combin, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
  • 1863American Indian Wars: Representatives of the United States and tribal leaders including Chief Pocatello (of the Shoshone) sign the Treaty of Box Elder.
  • 1864American Civil War: Battle of the Crater: Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
  • 1865 – The steamboat Brother Jonathan sinks off the coast of Crescent City, California, killing 225 passengers, the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. at the time.
  • 1866 – Armed Confederate veterans in New Orleans riot against a meeting of Radical Republicans, killing 48 people and injuring another 100.
  • 1871 – The Staten Island Ferry Westfield's boiler explodes, killing over 85 people.
  • 1912 – Japan's Emperor Meiji dies and is succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who is now known as the Emperor Taishō.
  • 1916Black Tom explosion: German agents denote two million tons of U.S.-made munitions off the shores of Manhattan that were to be supplied to the Allies in World War I.
  • 1930 – In Montevideo, Uruguay wins the first FIFA World Cup.
  • 1932 – Premiere of Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.
  • 1945World War II: Template:Warship sinks the Template:Ship, killing 883 seamen. Most die during the following four days, until an aircraft notices the survivors.
  • 1956 – A joint resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God We Trust as the U.S. national motto.
  • 1962 – The Trans-Canada Highway, the longest national highway in the world, is officially opened.
  • 1965 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
  • 1966England defeats West Germany to win the 1966 FIFA World Cup at Wembley Stadium after extra time.
  • 1969Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu and U.S. military commanders.
  • 1971Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission: David Scott and James Irwin on the Apollo Lunar Module Falcon land on the Moon with the first Lunar Rover.
  • 1971 – An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Iwate, Japan killing 162.
  • 1974Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1975Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again.
  • 1978 – The 730: Okinawa Prefecture changes its traffic on the right-hand side of the road to the left-hand side.
  • 1980Vanuatu gains independence.
  • 1980 – Israel's Knesset passes the Jerusalem Law.
  • 1981 – As many as 50,000 demonstrators, mostly women and children, took to the streets in Łódź to protest food ration shortages in Communist Poland.
  • 1990Ian Gow, Conservative Member of Parliament, is assassinated at his home by IRA terrorists in a car bombing after he assured the group that the British government would never surrender to them.[2]
  • 2003 – In Mexico, the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.
  • 2006 – The world's longest running music show Top of the Pops is broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.
  • 2011 – Marriage of Queen Elizabeth II's eldest granddaughter Zara Phillips to former rugby union footballer Mike Tindall.
  • 2012 – A train fire kills 32 passengers and injures 27 on the Tamil Nadu Express in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 2012 – A power grid failure in Delhi leaves more than 300 million people without power in northern India.
  • 2014 – Twenty killed and 150 are trapped after a landslide in Maharashtra, India.

Births

  • 1470Hongzhi, emperor of the Ming dynasty (d. 1505)
  • 1511Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter, historian, and architect (d. 1574)
  • 1549Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1609)
  • 1641Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)
  • 1751Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian pianist (d. 1829)
  • 1763Samuel Rogers, English poet and art collector (d. 1855)
  • 1809Charles Chiniquy, Canadian-American priest and theologian (d. 1899)
  • 1818Emily Brontë, English novelist and poet (d. 1848)
  • 1818 – Jan Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, 16th and 19th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1897)
  • 1825Chaim Aronson, Lithuanian engineer and author (d. 1893)
  • 1832George Lemuel Woods, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 3rd Governor of Oregon (d. 1890)
  • 1855Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, German-Swiss businessman (d. 1919)
  • 1857Thorstein Veblen, American economist and sociologist (d. 1929)
  • 1859Henry Simpson Lunn, English minister and humanitarian, founded Lunn Poly (d. 1939)
  • 1862Nikolai Yudenich, Russian general (d. 1933)
  • 1863Henry Ford, American engineer and businessman, founded the Ford Motor Company (d. 1947)[3]
  • 1872Princess Clémentine of Belgium (d. 1955)
  • 1881Smedley Butler, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1940)
  • 1890Casey Stengel, American baseball player and manager (d. 1975)
  • 1893Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani dentist and politician (d. 1967)
  • 1898Henry Moore, English sculptor and illustrator (d. 1986)
  • 1899Gerald Moore, English pianist (d. 1987)
  • 1901Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1955)
  • 1904Salvador Novo, Mexican poet and playwright (d. 1974)
  • 1909C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian and author (d. 1993)[4]
  • 1910Edgar de Evia, Mexican-American photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1913Lou Darvas, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 1987)
  • 1914Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, Irish journalist and author, 6th President of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999)
  • 1919Berniece Baker Miracle, American author and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe
  • 1920Walter Schuck, German lieutenant and pilot (d. 2015)[5]
  • 1921Grant Johannesen, American pianist and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1922Henry W. Bloch, American banker and businessman, co-founded H&R Block (d. 2019)
  • 1925Stan Stennett, Welsh actor and trumpet player (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Alexander Trocchi, Scottish author and poet (d. 1984)
  • 1926Betye Saar, American artist[6]
  • 1927Richard Johnson, English actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Pete Schoening, American mountaineer (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Victor Wong, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1928Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1929Sid Krofft, Canadian-American puppeteer and producer
  • 1931Dominique Lapierre, French historian and author
  • 1934Bud Selig, 9th Major League Baseball Commissioner
  • 1936Buddy Guy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1936 – Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz (d. 2020)
  • 1938Hervé de Charette, French politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1938 – Terry O'Neill, English photographer (d. 2019)
  • 1939Peter Bogdanovich, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Eleanor Smeal, American activist, founded the Feminist Majority Foundation
  • 1940Patricia Schroeder, American lawyer and politician
  • 1940 – Clive Sinclair, English businessman, founded Sinclair Radionics and Sinclair Research
  • 1941Paul Anka, Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1942Pollyanna Pickering, English environmentalist and painter (d. 2018)
  • 1943Henri-François Gautrin, Canadian physicist and politician
  • 1944Gerry Birrell, Scottish race car driver (d. 1973)
  • 1944 – Peter Bottomley, English politician
  • 1944 – Frances de la Tour, English actress
  • 1945Patrick Modiano, French novelist and screenwriter, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 – David Sanborn, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1946Neil Bonnett, American race car driver and sportscaster (d. 1994)
  • 1946 – Jeffrey Hammond, English bass player
  • 1947William Atherton, American actor and producer
  • 1947 – Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, French virologist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Jonathan Mann, American physician and author (d. 1998)
  • 1947 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of California
  • 1948Billy Paultz, American basketball player
  • 1948 – Jean Reno, Moroccan-French actor
  • 1948 – Otis Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Julia Tsenova, Bulgarian pianist and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1949Duck Baker, American guitarist
  • 1949 – Sonia Proudman, English lawyer and judge
  • 1950Harriet Harman, English lawyer and politician
  • 1950 – Frank Stallone, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1951Alan Kourie, South African cricketer
  • 1951 – Gerry Judah, Indian-English painter and sculptor
  • 1952Stephen Blackmore, English botanist and author
  • 1954Ken Olin, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1955Rat Scabies, English drummer and producer
  • 1955 – Christopher Warren-Green, English violinist and conductor
  • 1956Delta Burke, American actress
  • 1956 – Réal Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Anita Hill, American lawyer and academic
  • 1956 – Soraida Martinez, American painter and educator
  • 1957Antonio Adamo, Italian director and cinematographer
  • 1957 – Bill Cartwright, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Clint Hurdle, American baseball player and manager
  • 1957 – Nery Pumpido, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1958Kate Bush, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958Liz Kershaw, English radio broadcaster
  • 1958 – Daley Thompson, English decathlete and trainer
  • 1960Jennifer Barnes, American-English musicologist and academic
  • 1960 – Richard Linklater, American director and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Brillante Mendoza, Filipino independent film director
  • 1961Laurence Fishburne, American actor and producer
  • 1962Alton Brown, American chef, author, and producer
  • 1962 – Jay Feaster, American ice hockey player and manager
  • 1962 – Yakub Memon, Indian accountant and terrorist (d. 2015)
  • 1963Peter Bowler, English-Australian cricketer
  • 1963 – Lisa Kudrow, American actress and producer
  • 1963 – Antoni Martí, Andorran architect and politician
  • 1963 – Chris Mullin, American basketball player, coach, and executive
  • 1964Ron Block, American singer-songwriter and banjo player
  • 1964 – Vivica A. Fox, American actress
  • 1964 – Alek Keshishian, Lebanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Jürgen Klinsmann, German footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Laine Randjärv, Estonian lawyer and politician, 6th Estonian Minister of Culture
  • 1965Tim Munton, English cricketer
  • 1966Kerry Fox, New Zealand actress and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Craig Gannon, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1966 – Allan Langer, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1966 – Louise Wener, English author and singer-songwriter
  • 1968Terry Crews, American football player and actor
  • 1968 – Robert Korzeniowski, Polish race walker and coach
  • 1968 – Sean Moore, Welsh drummer and songwriter
  • 1969Simon Baker, Australian actor, director, and producer
  • 1969 – Errol Stewart, South African cricketer and lawyer
  • 1970Alun Cairns, Welsh businessman and politician
  • 1970 – Dean Edwards, American comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1970 – Christopher Nolan, English-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971Elvis Crespo, American-Puerto Rican singer
  • 1971 – Tom Green, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1972Jim McIlvaine, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1973Kenton Cool, English mountaineer
  • 1973 – Ümit Davala, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Anastasios Katsabis, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Markus Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player and manager
  • 1973 – Sonu Nigam, Indian playback singer and actor
  • 1973 – Clementa C. Pinckney, American minister and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1974Radostin Kishishev, Bulgarian footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Jason Robinson, English rugby league footballer, and rugby union footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Hilary Swank, American actress and producer
  • 1975Graham Nicholls, English author and activist
  • 1975 – Kate Starbird, American basketball player and computer scientist
  • 1977Diana Bolocco, Chilean model and journalist;
  • 1977 – Misty May-Treanor, American volleyball player and coach
  • 1977 – Jaime Pressly, American actress
  • 1977 – Bootsy Thornton, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Ian Watkins, Welsh singer-songwriter and child abuse convict
  • 1979Carlos Arroyo, Puerto Rican basketball player and singer
  • 1979 – Chad Keegan, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1979 – Graeme McDowell, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1979 – Maya Nasser, Syrian journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1980Seth Avett, American folk-rock singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1980 – Justin Rose, South African-English golfer
  • 1981Nicky Hayden, American motorcycle racer (d. 2017)
  • 1981 – Juan Smith, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Hope Solo, American soccer player
  • 1981 – Indrek Turi, Estonian decathlete
  • 1982Jehad Al-Hussain, Syrian footballer
  • 1982 – James Anderson, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Yvonne Strahovski, Australian actress
  • 1983Seán Dillon, Irish footballer
  • 1984Marko Asmer, Estonian race car driver
  • 1984 – Gabrielle Christian, American actress and singer
  • 1984 – Trudy McIntosh, Australian artistic gymnast[7]
  • 1984 – Kevin Pittsnogle, American basketball player
  • 1985Chris Guccione, Australian tennis player
  • 1985 – Daniel Fredheim Holm, Norwegian footballer
  • 1985 – Luca Lanotte, Italian ice dancer
  • 1985 – Matthew Scott, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986Tiago Alencar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – William Zillman, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987Anton Fink, German footballer
  • 1987 – Sam Saunders, American golfer
  • 1988Wen Chean Lim, Malaysian rhythmic gymnast[8]
  • 1989Aleix Espargaró, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1989 – Wayne Parnell, South African cricketer
  • 1990Chris Maxwell, Welsh footballer
  • 1991Diana Vickers, English singer-songwriter
  • 1992Hannah Cockroft, English wheelchair racer
  • 1993Jacob Faria, American baseball player
  • 1993 – André Gomes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1993 – Margarida Moura, Portuguese tennis player
  • 1994Nelydia Senrose, Malaysian actress
  • 1996Nina Stojanović, Serbian tennis player

Deaths

  • 578Jacob Baradaeus, Greek bishop
  • 579Pope Benedict I
  • 734Tatwine, English archbishop (b. 670)
  • 829Shi Xiancheng, general of the Tang Dynasty
  • 1286Bar Hebraeus, Syrian scholar and historian (b. 1226)
  • 1393Alberto d'Este, Lord of Ferrara and Modena (b. 1347)
  • 1516Johann V of Nassau-Vianden-Dietz (b. 1455)
  • 1540Thomas Abel, English priest and martyr (b. 1497)
  • 1540 – Robert Barnes, English martyr and reformer (b. 1495)
  • 1550Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1505)
  • 1566Guillaume Rondelet, French doctor (b. 1507)
  • 1608Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, last King of Tyrconnell (b. 1575)
  • 1624Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox, British nobleman (b. 1579)
  • 1652Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours (b. 1624)
  • 1680Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory, Irish admiral and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1634)
  • 1683Maria Theresa of Spain (b. 1638)
  • 1691Daniel Georg Morhof, German scholar and academic (b. 1639)
  • 1700Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, English royal (b. 1689)
  • 1718William Penn, English businessman and philosopher, founded the Province of Pennsylvania (b. 1644)
  • 1771Thomas Gray, English poet (b. 1716)
  • 1811Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican priest and soldier (b. 1753)
  • 1832Lê Văn Duyệt, Vietnamese general, mandarin (b. 1763-4)[9]
  • 1870Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet and journalist (b. 1818) [10]
  • 1875George Pickett, American general (b. 1825)
  • 1889Charlie Absolom, England cricketer (b. 1846)
  • 1898Otto von Bismarck, German lawyer and politician, 1st Chancellor of Germany (b. 1815)
  • 1900Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
  • 1912Emperor Meiji of Japan (b. 1852)
  • 1918Joyce Kilmer, American soldier, journalist, and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1920Albert Gustaf Dahlman, Swedish executioner (b. 1848)
  • 1930Joan Gamper, Swiss-Spanish footballer and businessman, founded FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
  • 1938John Derbyshire, English swimmer and water polo player (b. 1878)
  • 1941Hugo Celmiņš, Latvian politician, former Prime Minister of Latvia (b. 1877)
  • 1947Joseph Cook, English-Australian miner and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1860)
  • 1965Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Japanese author and playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1970Walter Murdoch, Scottish-Australian academic (b. 1874)
  • 1970 – George Szell, Hungarian-American conductor and composer (b. 1897)
  • 1971Thomas Hollway, Australian politician, 36th Premier of Victoria (b. 1906)
  • 1975James Blish, American author and critic (b. 1921)
  • 1977Emory Holloway, American scholar, author, and educator (b. 1885)
  • 1983Howard Dietz, American songwriter and publicist (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Lynn Fontanne, English actress (b. 1887)
  • 1985Julia Robinson, American mathematician and theorist (b. 1919)
  • 1989Lane Frost, American professional bull rider (b. 1963)[11]
  • 1990Ian Gow, British Member of Parliament who was assassinated by the IRA (b. 1937)[12]
  • 1992Brenda Marshall, Filipino-American actress and singer (b. 1915)
  • 1992 – Joe Shuster, Canadian-American illustrator, co-created Superman (b. 1914)
  • 1996Claudette Colbert, French-American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1997Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor (b. 1913)
  • 1998Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (b. 1917)
  • 2001Anton Schwarzkopf, German engineer (b. 1924)
  • 2003Steve Hislop, Scottish motorcycle racer (b. 1962)
  • 2003 – Sam Phillips, American record producer, founded Sun Records (b. 1923)
  • 2005Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 2005 – John Garang, Sudanese colonel and politician, 6th President of South Sudan (b. 1945)
  • 2006Duygu Asena, Turkish journalist and author(b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Murray Bookchin, American philosopher and author (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordion player and composer (b. 1904)
  • 2006 – Akbar Mohammadi, Iranian activist (b. 1972)
  • 2007Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Teoctist Arăpașu, Romanian patriarch (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Bill Walsh, American football player and coach (b. 1931)
  • 2008Anne Armstrong, American businesswoman and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1927)
  • 2009Mohammed Yusuf, Nigerian militant leader, founded Boko Haram (b. 1970)
  • 2009 – Peter Zadek, German director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2011Bob Peterson, American basketball player (b. 1932)
  • 2012Maeve Binchy, Irish author, playwright, and journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Bill Doss, American singer and guitarist (b. 1968)
  • 2012 – Stig Ossian Ericson, Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Les Green, English footballer and manager (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Jonathan Hardy, New Zealand-Australian actor and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Bill Kitchen, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1960)
  • 2012 – Mary Louise Rasmuson, American colonel (b. 1911)
  • 2013Cecil Alexander, American architect, designed the State of Georgia Building (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Berthold Beitz, German businessman (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – Robert Neelly Bellah, American sociologist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Harry F. Byrd Jr., American lieutenant, publisher, and politician (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Antoni Ramallets, Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Ossie Schectman, American basketball player (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Benjamin Walker, Indian-English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1913)
  • 2014Robert Drew, American director and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Harun Farocki, German director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Julio Grondona, Argentinian businessman (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Peter Hall, English geographer, author, and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Dick Smith, American make-up artist (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Dick Wagner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 2015Lynn Anderson, American singer (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Endel Lippmaa, Estonian physicist (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Francis Paul Prucha, American historian and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Alena Vrzáňová, Czech figure skater (b. 1931)
  • 2016Gloria DeHaven, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1925)
  • 2018Michael A. Sheehan, American author, former government official and military officer (b. 1955)[13]
  • 2020Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese politician, President (1988–2000), Vice President (1984–1988) and mayor of Taipei (1978–1981) (b.1923)[14][15]
  • 2020 – Herman Cain, American businessman and political activist (b. 1945) [16]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abdon and Sennen
    • Hatebrand
    • Maxima, Donatilla, and Secunda
    • Peter Chrysologus
    • Robert Barnes (Lutheran)
    • Rufinus of Assisi
    • Tatwine
    • Ursus of Auxerre
    • Solanus Casey
    • July 30 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Feast of the Throne (Morocco)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Vanuatu from the United Kingdom and France in 1980.
  • International Day of Friendship (international), and its related observances:
  • Martyrs Day (South Sudan)

References

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  2. https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1990-07-31-9003040280-story.html
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  11. "Bull rider dies after being gored", Tulsa World, July 31, 1989.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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