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  2021 (Wednesday)
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Events

  • 1364 – Troops of the Republic of Pisa and the Republic of Florence clash in the Battle of Cascina.
  • 1540Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason.[1] Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day.
  • 1571 – La Laguna encomienda, known today as the Laguna province in the Philippines is founded by the Spaniards as one of the oldest encomiendas (provinces) in the country.
  • 1635 – In the Eighty Years' War the Spanish capture the strategic Dutch fortress of Schenkenschans.
  • 1656Second Northern War: Battle of Warsaw begins.
  • 1778 – Constitution of the province of Cantabria ratified at the Assembly Hall in Bárcena la Puente, Reocín, Spain.
  • 1794French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Antoine de Saint-Just are executed by guillotine in Paris, France.
  • 1808Mahmud II became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
  • 1809Peninsular War: Battle of Talavera: Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeats a French force led by Joseph Bonaparte.
  • 1821José de San Martín declares the independence of Peru from Spain.
  • 1854Template:Ship, the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy and now a museum ship in Baltimore Harbor, is commissioned.[2]
  • 1864American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church: Confederate troops make a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces from Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1866 – At the age of 18, Vinnie Ream becomes the first and youngest female artist to receive a commission from the United States government for a statue (of Abraham Lincoln).
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is certified, establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.
  • 1896 – The city of Miami, Florida is incorporated.
  • 1914 – In the culmination of the July Crisis, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, igniting World War I.
  • 1915 – The United States begins a 19-year occupation of Haiti.[3]
  • 1917 – The Silent Parade took place in New York City, in protest to murders, lynchings, and other violence directed towards African Americans.
  • 1932 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover orders the United States Army to forcibly evict the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans gathered in Washington, D.C.
  • 1935 – First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.
  • 1938Hawaii Clipper disappears between Guam and Manila as the first loss of an airliner in trans-Pacific China Clipper service.
  • 1939 – The Sutton Hoo helmet is discovered.
  • 1942World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227. In response to alarming German advances, all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so are to be tried in a military court, with punishment ranging from duty in a shtrafbat battalion, imprisonment in a Gulag, or execution.
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg, Germany causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
  • 1945 – A U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashes into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building killing 14 and injuring 26.
  • 1957 – Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan, kills 992.
  • 1960 – The German Volkswagen Act came into force.
  • 1965Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.
  • 1973Summer Jam at Watkins Glen: Nearly 600,000 people attend a rock festival at the Watkins Glen International Raceway.
  • 1974Spetsgruppa A, Russia's elite special force, was formed.
  • 1976 – The Tangshan earthquake[4] measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 moment magnitude flattens Tangshan in the People's Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851.
  • 1984Olympic Games: Games of the XXIII Olympiad: The summer Olympics were opened in Los Angeles.
  • 1996 – The remains of a prehistoric man are discovered near Kennewick, Washington. Such remains will be known as the Kennewick Man.
  • 2001 – Australian Ian Thorpe becomes the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championship meeting.
  • 2002 – Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground.
  • 2002 – Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 9560 crashes after takeoff from Sheremetyevo International Airport in Moscow, Russia, killing 14 of the 16 people on board.[5]
  • 2005 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army calls an end to its thirty-year-long armed campaign against British rule in Northern Ireland.[6][7]
  • 2010Airblue Flight 202 crashes into the Margalla Hills north of Islamabad, Pakistan, killing all 152 people aboard. It is the deadliest aviation accident in Pakistan history and the first involving an Airbus A321.
  • 2011 – While flying from Seoul, South Korea to Shanghai, China, Asiana Airlines Flight 991 develops an in-flight fire in the cargo hold. The Boeing 747-400F freighter attempts to divert to Jeju International Airport, but crashes into the sea South-West of Jeju island, killing both crew members on board.[8]
  • 2017Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif was disqualified from office for life by Supreme Court of Pakistan after finding him guilty of corruption charges.
  • 2018 – Australian Wendy Tuck becomes the first woman skipper to win the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race.[9]

Births

  • 1347Margaret of Durazzo, Queen of Naples and Hungary (d. 1412)
  • 1516William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, German nobleman (d. 1592)
  • 1609Judith Leyster, Dutch painter (d. 1660)
  • 1635Robert Hooke, English physicist and chemist (d. 1703)
  • 1645Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, French princess (d. 1721)
  • 1659Charles Ancillon, French jurist and diplomat (d. 1715)
  • 1746Thomas Heyward, Jr., American judge and politician (d. 1809)
  • 1750Fabre d'Églantine, French actor, playwright, and politician (d. 1794)
  • 1783Friedrich Wilhelm von Bismarck, German army officer and writer (d. 1860)
  • 1796Ignaz Bösendorfer, Austrian businessman, founded the Bösendorfer Company (d. 1859)
  • 1804Ludwig Feuerbach, German anthropologist and philosopher (d. 1872)
  • 1815Stefan Dunjov, Bulgarian colonel (d. 1889)
  • 1844Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (d. 1889)
  • 1857Ballington Booth, English-American activist, co-founded Volunteers of America (d. 1940)
  • 1860Elias M. Ammons, American businessman and politician, 19th Governor of Colorado (d. 1925)
  • 1860 – Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1863Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
  • 1866Beatrix Potter, English children's book writer and illustrator (d. 1943)
  • 1866 – Albertson Van Zo Post, American fencer (d. 1938)
  • 1867Charles Dillon Perrine, American-Argentinian astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1872Albert Sarraut, French journalist and politician, 106th Prime Minister of France (d. 1962)
  • 1874Ernst Cassirer, Polish-American philosopher and academic (d. 1945)
  • 1879Lucy Burns, American activist, co-founded the National Woman's Party (d. 1966)
  • 1879 – Stefan Filipkiewicz, Polish painter (d. 1944)
  • 1887Marcel Duchamp, French-American painter and sculptor (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Willard Price, Canadian-American journalist and author (d. 1983)
  • 1893Rued Langgaard, Danish organist and composer (d. 1952)
  • 1896Barbara La Marr, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1926)
  • 1898Lawrence Gray, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1901Freddie Fitzsimmons, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1901 – Rudy Vallée, American actor, singer, and saxophonist (d. 1986)
  • 1902Albert Namatjira, Australian painter (d. 1959)
  • 1902 – Sir Karl Popper, Austrian-English philosopher and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1907Earl Tupper, American inventor and businessman, founded Tupperware Brands (d. 1983)
  • 1909Aenne Burda, German publisher (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Malcolm Lowry, English novelist and poet (d. 1957)
  • 1914Carmen Dragon, American conductor and composer (d. 1984)
  • 1915Charles Hard Townes, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1915 – Dick Sprang, American illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Frankie Yankovic, American polka musician (d. 1998)
  • 1916David Brown, American journalist and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1920Andrew V. McLaglen, English-American director and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1922Jacques Piccard, Belgian-Swiss oceanographer and engineer (d. 2008)
  • 1923Ray Ellis, American conductor and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1924Luigi Musso, Italian race car driver (d. 1958)
  • 1924 – C. T. Vivian, American minister, author, and activist[10] (d. 2020)
  • 1925Baruch Samuel Blumberg, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1926Charlie Biddle, American-Canadian bassist (d. 2003)
  • 1927John Ashbery, American poet (d. 2017)
  • 1929Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, American journalist and socialite, 37th First Lady of the United States (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Shirley Ann Grau, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1930Firoza Begum, Bangladeshi singer (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Junior Kimbrough, American singer and guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Jean Roba, Belgian author and illustrator (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Ramsey Muir Withers, Canadian general (d. 2014)
  • 1931Alan Brownjohn, English poet and author
  • 1931 – Johnny Martin, Australian cricketer (d. 1992)
  • 1932Natalie Babbitt, American author and illustrator (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, Brazilian colonel (d. 2015)
  • 1933Charlie Hodge, Canadian ice hockey player and scout (d. 2016)
  • 1934Jacques d'Amboise, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1935Neil McKendrick, English historian and academic
  • 1936Russ Jackson, Canadian football player and coach
  • 1936 – Garfield Sobers, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1937Francis Veber, French director and screenwriter
  • 1938Luis Aragonés, Spanish footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Arsen Dedić, Croatian singer-songwriter and poet (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Alberto Fujimori, Peruvian engineer, academic, and politician, 90th President of Peru
  • 1938 – Chuan Leekpai, Thai lawyer and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1939Richard Johns, English air marshal
  • 1940Philip Proctor, American voice actor and screenwriter
  • 1941Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor and educator
  • 1941 – Susan Roces, Filipino actress and producer
  • 1942Marty Brennaman, American sportscaster
  • 1942 – Tonia Marketaki, Greek director and screenwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1943Mike Bloomfield, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1943 – Bill Bradley, American basketball player and politician
  • 1943 – Richard Wright, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 2008)
  • 1945Jim Davis, American cartoonist, created Garfield
  • 1946Jonathan Edwards, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Linda Kelsey, American actress
  • 1946 – Fahmida Riaz, Pakistani poet and activist
  • 1947Peter Cosgrove, Australian general and politician, 26th Governor General of Australia
  • 1947 – Sally Struthers, American actress
  • 1948Gerald Casale, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and director
  • 1948 – Eiichi Ohtaki, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1949Vida Blue, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Peter Doyle, Australian singer and guitarist (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Simon Kirke, English drummer
  • 1949 – Steve Peregrin Took, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1980)
  • 1949 – Randall Wallace, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1950Shahyar Ghanbari, Iranian singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Tapley Seaton, Kittitian politician, 4th Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • 1951Santiago Calatrava, Spanish architect and engineer, designed the Athens Olympic Sports Complex
  • 1951 – Doug Collins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Gregg Giuffria, American rock musician and businessman
  • 1951 – Ray Kennedy, English footballer
  • 1952Vajiralongkorn, King of Thailand
  • 1954Hugo Chávez, Venezuelan colonel and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 2013)[11]
  • 1954 – Gerd Faltings, German mathematician and academic
  • 1954 – Steve Morse, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Mikey Sheehy, Irish footballer
  • 1955Nikolay Zimyatov, Russian skier
  • 1956John Feinstein, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Robert Swan, English explorer
  • 1958Terry Fox, Canadian runner and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1958 – Michael Hitchcock, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959William T. Vollmann, American novelist, short story writer and journalist
  • 1960Luiz Fernando Carvalho, Brazilian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Jon J. Muth, American author and illustrator
  • 1960 – Yōichi Takahashi, Japanese illustrator
  • 1961Yannick Dalmas, French race car driver
  • 1962Rachel Sweet, American singer, television writer, and actress
  • 1964Lori Loughlin, American actress
  • 1965Priscilla Chan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1966Sossina M. Haile, Ethiopian American chemist[12]
  • 1966 – Miguel Ángel Nadal, Spanish footballer
  • 1966 – Jimmy Pardo, American stand-up comedian, actor, and host
  • 1966 – Shikao Suga, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967Taka Hirose, Japanese bass player
  • 1969Garth Snow, American ice hockey player and manager
  • 1969 – Alexis Arquette, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1970Michael Amott, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Isabelle Brasseur, Canadian figure skater
  • 1970 – Paul Strang, Zimbabwean cricketer and coach
  • 1971Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Iraqi leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
  • 1971 – Ludmilla Lacueva Canut, Andorran writer
  • 1971 – Stephen Lynch, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1971 – Annie Perreault, Canadian speed skater
  • 1972Robert Chapman, English cricketer
  • 1973Marc Dupré, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Steve Staios, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974Alexis Tsipras, Greek engineer and politician, 186th Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1974 – Elizabeth Berkley, American actress
  • 1975Leonor Watling, Spanish actress
  • 1976Jacoby Shaddix, American singer-songwriter
  • 1977Aki Berg, Finnish-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Manu Ginóbili, Argentinian basketball player
  • 1977 – Miyabiyama Tetsushi, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1978Kārlis Vērdiņš, Latvian poet
  • 1978 – Hitomi Yaida, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979Henrik Hansen, Danish footballer
  • 1979 – Birgitta Haukdal, Icelandic singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1979 – Lee Min-woo, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1979 – Alena Popchanka, Belarusian-French swimmer and coach
  • 1980Stephen Christian, American singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Anthony Weaver, American football player
  • 1981Michael Carrick, English footballer
  • 1983Sam Dastyari, Iranian-Australian politician
  • 1983 – Cody Hay, Canadian figure skater
  • 1984Zach Parise, American ice hockey player
  • 1985Mathieu Debuchy, French footballer
  • 1985 – Dustin Milligan, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1985 – Darren Murphy, Irish footballer
  • 1986Alexandra Chando, American actress
  • 1986 – Lauri Korpikoski, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Dulquer Salmaan, Indian actor
  • 1987Yasser Corona, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Yevhen Khacheridi, Ukrainian-Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Pedro, Spanish footballer
  • 1988Greg Hardy, American football player
  • 1989Felipe Kitadai, Brazilian martial artist
  • 1990Soulja Boy, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1990 – Simone Pizzuti, Italian footballer
  • 1993Harry Kane, English footballer
  • 1993 – Moses Odubajo, English footballer
  • 1993 – Cher Lloyd, English singer-songwriter
  • 1995Josh Addo-Carr, Australian rugby league player

Deaths

  • 450Theodosius II, Roman emperor (b. 401)
  • 631Athanasius I Gammolo, Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch.[13]
  • 938Thankmar, half-brother of Otto I (during Siege of Eresburg) (b. c. 908)
  • 942Shi Jingtang, emperor of Later Jin (b. 892)
  • 1057Victor II, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1018)
  • 1128William Clito, English son of Sybilla of Conversano (b. 1102)
  • 1230Leopold VI, Duke of Austria (b. 1176)
  • 1271Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster (b. 1220)
  • 1285Keran, Queen of Armenia
  • 1333Guy VIII of Viennois, Dauphin of Vienne (b. 1309)
  • 1345Sancia of Majorca, queen regent of Naples (b. c. 1285)
  • 1458John II, king of Cyprus and Armenia
  • 1488Edward Woodville, Lord Scales (at the Battle of St. Aubin-du-Cormier)
  • 1508Robert Blackadder, bishop of Glasgow
  • 1527Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish explorer, founded the city of Santa Marta (b. 1460)
  • 1540Thomas Cromwell, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1495)[1]
  • 1585Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford (b. 1527)
  • 1631Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish playwright (b. 1569)
  • 1655Cyrano de Bergerac, French poet and playwright (b. 1619)
  • 1667Abraham Cowley, English poet and author (b. 1618)
  • 1675Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer and politician (b. 1605)
  • 1685Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English politician and diplomat, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1618)
  • 1718Étienne Baluze, French scholar and academic (b. 1630)
  • 1741Antonio Vivaldi, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1678)
  • 1750Johann Sebastian Bach, German organist and composer (b. 1685)[14]
  • 1762George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Somerset (b. 1691)
  • 1794Maximilien Robespierre, French lawyer and politician, 2nd President of the Committee of Public Safety (b. 1758)
  • 1794 – Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, French soldier and politician (b. 1767)
  • 1808Selim III, Ottoman sultan (b. 1761)
  • 1809Richard Beckett, English cricketer and captain (b.1772)
  • 1818Gaspard Monge, French mathematician and engineer (b. 1746)
  • 1835Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise, French general and politician, 15th Prime Minister of France (b. 1768)
  • 1836Nathan Mayer Rothschild, German-English banker and financier (b. 1777)
  • 1842Clemens Brentano, German author and poet (b. 1778)
  • 1844Joseph Bonaparte, French diplomat and brother of Napoleon (b. 1768)
  • 1849Charles Albert of Sardinia (b. 1798)
  • 1869Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist and physiologist (b. 1787)
  • 1878George Law Curry, American publisher and politician (b. 1820)
  • 1885Moses Montefiore, British philanthropist, sheriff and banker (b. 1784)
  • 1895Edward Beecher, American minister and theologian (b. 1803)
  • 1930John DeWitt, American hammer thrower (b. 1881)
  • 1930 – Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist and optician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1933Nishinoumi Kajirō III, Japanese sumo wrestler, 30th yokozuna (b. 1890)
  • 1934Marie Dressler, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1868)
  • 1934 – Louis Tancred, South African cricketer and pilot (b. 1876)
  • 1935Meletius IV of Constantinople (b. 1871)
  • 1942Flinders Petrie, English archaeologist and academic (b. 1853)
  • 1946Saint Alphonsa, first woman of Indian origin to be canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church (b. 1910)[15]
  • 1957Edith Abbott, American economist, social worker, and educator (b. 1876)
  • 1957 – Isaac Heinemann, German-Israeli scholar and academic (b. 1876)
  • 1965Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author and critic (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Attallah Suheimat, Jordanian politician (b. 1875)
  • 1967Karl W. Richter, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1942)
  • 1968Otto Hahn, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1969Ramón Grau, Cuban physician and politician, 6th President of Cuba (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Frank Loesser, American composer (b. 1910)
  • 1971Lawrence Moore Cosgrave, Canadian colonel and diplomat (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Myril Hoag, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 1971 – Charles E. Pont, French-American minister and painter (b. 1898)
  • 1972Helen Traubel, American soprano and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1979Don Miller, American football player and coach (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Charles Shadwell, English conductor and bandleader (b. 1898)
  • 1980Rose Rand, Austrian-born American logician and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • 1981Stanley Rother, American priest and missionary (b. 1935)
  • 1982Keith Green, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1953)
  • 1987Jack Renshaw, Australian politician, 31st Premier of New South Wales (b. 1909)
  • 1990Jill Esmond, English actress (b. 1908)
  • 1992Sulev Nõmmik, Estonian actor and director (b. 1931)
  • 1993Stanley Woods, Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1903)
  • 1996Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1997Rosalie Crutchley, English actress (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Seni Pramoj, Thai lawyer and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1905)
  • 1998Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and author (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Lenny McLean, English boxer, actor, and author (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Consalvo Sanesi, Italian race car driver (b. 1911)
  • 1999Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2000Abraham Pais, Dutch-American physicist and historian (b. 1918)
  • 2001Ahmed Sofa, Bangladeshi poet, author, and critic (b. 1943)
  • 2002Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 2003Valerie Goulding, Irish activist and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004Francis Crick, English biologist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Tiziano Terzani, Italian journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2006David Gemmell, English author (b. 1948)
  • 2007Karl Gotch, Belgian-American wrestler and trainer (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Jim LeRoy, American soldier and pilot (b. 1961)
  • 2009Jim Johnson, American football player and coach (b. 1941)
  • 2011Abdul Fatah Younis, Libyan general (b. 1944)
  • 2012Colin Horsley, New Zealand-English pianist and educator (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Sepp Mayerl, Austrian mountaineer (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – William F. Milliken Jr., American race car driver and engineer (b. 1911)
  • 2013Mustafa Adrisi, Ugandan general and politician, 3rd Vice President of Uganda (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Rita Reys, Dutch jazz singer[16] (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – William Scranton, American captain and politician, 13th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Ersilio Tonini, Italian cardinal (b. 1914)
  • 2014Margot Adler, American journalist and author (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Alex Forbes, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Alakbar Mammadov, Azerbaijani footballer and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Theodore Van Kirk, American soldier, pilot, and navigator (b. 1921)
  • 2015Jan Kulczyk, Polish businessman (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Edward Natapei, Vanuatuan politician, 6th Prime Minister of Vanuatu (b. 1954)
  • 2015 – Clive Rice, South African cricketer and coach (b. 1949)
  • 2016Émile Derlin Zinsou, Beninese politician (b. 1918)
  • 2016 – Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali fiction writer and socio-political activist (b. 1926)
  • 2018Wanny van Gils, Dutch footballer[17] (b. 1959)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alphonsa Muttathupadathu (Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
    • Botvid
    • Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frederick Handel, Henry Purcell (Episcopal Church commemoration)
    • Johann Sebastian Bach, Heinrich Schütz, George Frederick Handel (Lutheran commemoration)
    • Nazarius and Celsus
    • Pedro Poveda Castroverde
    • Pope Innocent I
    • Pope Victor I
    • Samson of Dol
    • July 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Commemoration of the Great Upheaval (Canada)
  • Earliest day on which Emancipation Day can fall, while August 3 is the latest; celebrated on Thursday before the first Monday in August (Bermuda)
  • Fiestas Patrias, celebrates the independence of Peru from Spain by General José de San Martín in 1821.
  • Liberation Day (San Marino)
  • Ólavsøka Eve (Faroe Islands)
  • World Hepatitis Day
  • World Nature Conservation Day[18]

References

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  15. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  16. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  17. Voormalig NAC-voetballer Wanny van Gils (59) overleden Script error: No such module "In lang".
  18. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Template:NYT On this day
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".


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