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2021

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  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
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  2012 (Friday)

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Events

  • 1054Siward, Earl of Northumbria, invades Scotland and defeats Macbeth, King of Scotland somewhere north of the Firth of Forth.
  • 1189Friedrich Barbarossa arrives at Niš, the capital of Serbian King Stefan Nemanja, during the Third Crusade.
  • 1202Georgian–Seljuk wars: At the Battle of Basian the Kingdom of Georgia defeats the Sultanate of Rum.
  • 1214Battle of Bouvines: Philip II of France decisively defeats Imperial, English and Flemish armies, effectively ending John of England's Angevin Empire.
  • 1299 – According to Edward Gibbon, Osman I invades the territory of Nicomedia for the first time, usually considered to be the founding day of the Ottoman state.
  • 1302Battle of Bapheus: Decisive Ottoman victory over the Byzantines opening up Bithynia for Turkish conquest.
  • 1549 – The Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship reaches Japan.
  • 1663 – The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports. After the Acts of Union 1707, Scotland would be included in the Act.
  • 1689Glorious Revolution: The Battle of Killiecrankie is a victory for the Jacobites.[1]
  • 1694 – A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England.
  • 1775 – Founding of the U.S. Army Medical Department: The Second Continental Congress passes legislation establishing "an hospital for an army consisting of 20,000 men."
  • 1778American Revolution: First Battle of Ushant: British and French fleets fight to a standoff.
  • 1789 – The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (it will be later renamed Department of State).
  • 1794French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre is arrested after encouraging the execution of more than 17,000 "enemies of the Revolution".
  • 1816 – Seminole Wars: The Battle of Negro Fort ends when a hot shot cannonball fired by US Navy Gunboat No. 154 explodes the fort's Powder Magazine, killing approximately 275. It is considered the deadliest single cannon shot in US history.
  • 1857 – Indian Rebellion: Sixty-eight men hold out for eight days against a force of 2,500 to 3,000 mutinying sepoys and 8,000 irregular forces.
  • 1865Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
  • 1866 – The first permanent transatlantic telegraph cable is successfully completed, stretching from Valentia Island, Ireland, to Heart's Content, Newfoundland.
  • 1880Second Anglo-Afghan War: Battle of Maiwand: Afghan forces led by Mohammad Ayub Khan defeat the British Army in battle near Maiwand, Afghanistan.
  • 1890Vincent van Gogh shoots himself and dies two days later.
  • 1900 – Kaiser Wilhelm II makes a speech comparing Germans to Huns; for years afterwards, "Hun" would be a disparaging name for Germans.
  • 1917World War I: The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.
  • 1919 – The Chicago Race Riot erupts after a racial incident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.
  • 1921 – Researchers at the University of Toronto, led by biochemist Frederick Banting, prove that the hormone insulin regulates blood sugar.
  • 1929 – The Geneva Convention of 1929, dealing with treatment of prisoners-of-war, is signed by 53 nations.
  • 1940 – The animated short A Wild Hare is released, introducing the character of Bugs Bunny.
  • 1942World War II: Allied forces successfully halt the final Axis advance into Egypt.
  • 1949 – Initial flight of the de Havilland Comet, the first jet-powered airliner.
  • 1953 – Cessation of hostilities is achieved in the Korean War when the United States, China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.
  • 1955 – The Austrian State Treaty restores Austrian sovereignty.
  • 1955 – El Al Flight 402 is shot down by two fighter jets after straying into Bulgarian air space. All 58 people onboard are killed.
  • 1959 – The Continental League is announced as baseball's "3rd major league" in the United States.
  • 1964Vietnam War: Five thousand more American military advisers are sent to South Vietnam bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.
  • 1974Watergate scandal: The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment (for obstruction of justice) against President Richard Nixon.
  • 1975Mayor of Jaffna and former MP Alfred Duraiappah is shot dead.
  • 1981 – While landing at Chihuahua International Airport, Aeromexico Flight 230 overshoots the runway. Thirty-two of the 66 passengers and crew on board the DC-9 are killed.[2]
  • 1983Black July: Eighteen Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are massacred by Sinhalese prisoners, the second such massacre in two days.
  • 1989 – While attempting to land at Tripoli International Airport in Libya, Korean Air Flight 803 crashes just short of the runway. Seventy-five of the 199 passengers and crew and four people on the ground are killed, in the second accident involving a DC-10 in less than two weeks, the first being United Airlines Flight 232.
  • 1990 – The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Republic declares independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union. Until 1996 the day is celebrated as the Independence Day of Belarus; after a referendum held that year the celebration of independence is moved to June 3.
  • 1990 – The Jamaat al Muslimeen attempt a coup d'état in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • 1995 – The Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C..
  • 1996 – In Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
  • 1997 – About 50 people are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.
  • 2002Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 77 and injuring more than 500 others, making it the deadliest air show disaster in history.
  • 2005 – After an incident during STS-114, NASA grounds the Space Shuttle, pending an investigation of the continuing problem with the shedding of foam insulation from the external fuel tank.
  • 2015 – At least seven people are killed and many injured after gunmen attack an Indian police station in Punjab.
  • 2016 – At a news conference, U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump expresses the hope that Russians can recover thirty thousand emails that were deleted from Hillary Clinton's personal server.[3]

Births

  •   774Kūkai, Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Esoteric (Shingon) Buddhism (d. 835)[4]
  • 1452Ludovico Sforza, Italian son of Francesco I Sforza (d. 1508)
  • 1452 – Lucrezia Crivelli, mistress of Ludovico Sforza (d. 1508)
  • 1502Francesco Corteccia, Italian composer (d. 1571)
  • 1578Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond (d. 1639)
  • 1612Murad IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1640)
  • 1625Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (d. 1672)
  • 1667Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (d. 1748)
  • 1733Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1740Jeanne Baré, French explorer (d. 1803)
  • 1741François-Hippolyte Barthélémon, French-English violinist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1752Samuel Smith, American general and politician (d. 1839)
  • 1768Charlotte Corday, French assassin of Jean-Paul Marat (d. 1793)
  • 1768 – Joseph Anton Koch, Austrian painter (d. 1839)
  • 1773Jacob Aall, Norwegian economist and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1777Thomas Campbell, Scottish-French poet and academic (d. 1844)
  • 1777 – Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, English general (d. 1853)
  • 1781Mauro Giuliani, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1828)
  • 1784Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (d. 1839)
  • 1812Thomas Lanier Clingman, American general and politician (d. 1897)
  • 1818Agostino Roscelli, Italian priest and saint (d. 1902)
  • 1824Alexandre Dumas, fils, French novelist and playwright (d. 1895)
  • 1833Thomas George Bonney, English geologist, mountaineer, and academic (d. 1923)
  • 1835Giosuè Carducci, Italian poet and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1848Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist and politician, Minister of Education of Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1848 – Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist (d.1916)
  • 1853Vladimir Korolenko, Ukrainian journalist, author, and activist (d. 1921)
  • 1853 – Elizabeth Plankinton, American philanthropist (d. 1923)
  • 1854Takahashi Korekiyo, Japanese accountant and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1936)
  • 1857José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist, and politician (d. 1921)
  • 1857 – Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge, English Egyptologist, Orientalist, and philologist (d.1934)
  • 1858George Lyon, Canadian golfer and cricketer (d. 1938)
  • 1866António José de Almeida, Portuguese physician and politician, 6th President of Portugal (d. 1929)
  • 1867Enrique Granados, Spanish pianist and composer (d. 1916)
  • 1870Hilaire Belloc, French-born British writer and historian (d. 1953)
  • 1872Stanislav Binički, Serbian composer, conductor, and pedagogue. (d. 1942)
  • 1879Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (d. 1927)
  • 1877Ernő Dohnányi, Hungarian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1881Hans Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1882Geoffrey de Havilland, English pilot and engineer, founded the de Havilland Aircraft Company (d. 1965)
  • 1886Ernst May, German architect and urban planner (d. 1970)
  • 1889Vera Karalli, Russian ballerina, choreographer, and actress (d. 1972)
  • 1890Benjamin Miessner, American radio engineer and inventor (d. 1976)
  • 1890Armas Taipale, Finnish discus thrower and shot putter (d. 1976)
  • 1891Jacob van der Hoeden, Dutch-Israeli veterinarian and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1893Ugo Agostoni, Italian cyclist (d. 1941)
  • 1894Mientje Kling, Dutch actress (d. 1966)
  • 1896Robert George, Scottish air marshal and politician, 24th Governor of South Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Henri Longchambon, French lawyer and politician (d. 1969)
  • 1899Percy Hornibrook, Australian cricketer (d. 1976)
  • 1902Yaroslav Halan, Ukrainian playwright and publicist (d. 1949)
  • 1903Nikolay Cherkasov, Russian actor (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek jurist and politician, President of Greece (d. 2002)
  • 1903 – Mārtiņš Zīverts, Latvian playwright (d. 1990)
  • 1904Lyudmila Rudenko, Soviet chess player (d. 1986)
  • 1905Leo Durocher, American baseball player and manager (d. 1991)
  • 1906Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish author and activist (d. 2000)
  • 1906 – Herbert Jasper, Canadian psychologist and neurologist (d. 1999)
  • 1907Ross Alexander, American stage and film actor (d. 1937)
  • 1907 – Carl McClellan Hill, American educator and academic administrator (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Irene Fischer, Austrian-American geodesist and mathematician (d. 2009)
  • 1908Joseph Mitchell, American journalist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1910Julien Gracq, French author and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Lupita Tovar, Mexican-American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1911Rayner Heppenstall, English author and poet (d. 1981)
  • 1912Vernon Elliott, English bassoon player, composer, and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1913George L. Street III, American captain, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2000)
  • 1914August Sang, Estonian poet and translator (d. 1969)
  • 1915Mario Del Monaco, Italian tenor (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Josef Priller, German colonel and pilot (d. 1961)
  • 1916Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Skippy Williams, American saxophonist and arranger (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1918Leonard Rose, American cellist and educator (d. 1984)
  • 1920Henry D. "Homer" Haynes, American comedian and musician (d. 1971)
  • 1921Garry Davis, American pilot and activist, created the World Passport (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Émile Genest, Canadian-American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1922Adolfo Celi, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Norman Lear, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1923Mas Oyama, South Korean-Japanese martial artist (d. 1994)
  • 1924Vincent Canby, American historian and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Otar Taktakishvili, Georgian composer and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1927Guy Carawan, American singer and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Pierre Granier-Deferre, French director and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Will Jordan, American comedian and actor (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – C. Rajadurai, Sri Lankan journalist and politician, 1st Mayor of Batticaloa
  • 1927 – John Seigenthaler, American journalist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1928Joseph Kittinger, American colonel and pilot
  • 1929Jean Baudrillard, French sociologist and philosopher (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Harvey Fuqua, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Jack Higgins, English author and academic
  • 1929 – Marc Wilkinson, French-Australian composer and conductor
  • 1930Joy Whitby, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1930 – Shirley Williams, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for Education
  • 1931Khieu Samphan, Cambodian academic and politician, 28th Prime Minister of Cambodia
  • 1931 – Jerry Van Dyke, American actor (d. 2018)
  • 1932Forest Able, American basketball player
  • 1932 – Diane Webber, American model, dancer and actress
  • 1933Nick Reynolds, American singer and bongo player (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Ted Whitten, Australian footballer and journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1935Hillar Kärner, Estonian chess player
  • 1935 – Billy McCullough, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1936J. Robert Hooper, American businessman and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1937Anna Dawson, English actress and singer
  • 1937 – Don Galloway, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1937 – Robert Holmes à Court, South African-Australian businessman and lawyer (d. 1990)
  • 1938Gary Gygax, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2008)
  • 1939William Eggleston, American photographer and academic
  • 1939 – Michael Longley, Northern Irish poet and academic
  • 1939 – Paulo Silvino, Brazilian comedian, composer and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1940Pina Bausch, German dancer and choreographer (d. 2009)
  • 1941Christian Boesch, Austrian opera singer
  • 1941 – Johannes Fritsch, German viola player and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1942Édith Butler, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – John Pleshette, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Dennis Ralston, American tennis player
  • 1943Jeremy Greenstock, English diplomat, British Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1944Bobbie Gentry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Jean-Marie Leblanc, French cyclist and journalist
  • 1944 – Barbara Thomson, English saxophonist and composer
  • 1946Peter Reading, English poet and author (d. 2011)
  • 1947Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1947 – Giora Spiegel, Israeli footballer and coach[5]
  • 1947 – Betty Thomas, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1948Peggy Fleming, American figure skater and sportscaster
  • 1948 – James Munby, English lawyer and judge
  • 1948 – Henny Vrienten, Dutch singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949Maury Chaykin, American-Canadian actor (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – André Dupont, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1949 – Rory MacDonald, Scottish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Maureen McGovern, American singer and actress
  • 1949 – Robert Rankin, English author and illustrator
  • 1950Simon Jones, English actor
  • 1951Roseanna Cunningham, Scottish lawyer and politician, Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs
  • 1951 – Bob Diamond, American-English banker and businessman
  • 1951 – Rolf Thung, Dutch tennis player
  • 1952Marvin Barnes, American basketball player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Roxanne Hart, American actress
  • 1953Chung Dong-young, South Korean journalist and politician, 31st South Korean Minister of Unification
  • 1953 – Yahoo Serious, Australian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1954Philippe Alliot, French race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1954 – G. S. Bali, Indian lawyer and politician
  • 1954 – Mark Stanway, English keyboard player
  • 1954 – Ricardo Uceda, Peruvian journalist and author
  • 1955Cat Bauer, American journalist, author, and playwright
  • 1955 – Allan Border, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1955 – John Howell, English journalist and politician
  • 1955 – Bobby Rondinelli, American drummer
  • 1956Carol Leifer, American actress, comedian, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1957Bill Engvall, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1958Christopher Dean, English figure skater and choreographer
  • 1958 – Kimmo Hakola, Finnish composer
  • 1959Joe DeSa, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1959 – Hugh Green, American football player
  • 1959 – Yiannos Papantoniou, French-Greek economist and politician, Greek Minister of National Defence
  • 1960Jo Durie, English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Conway Savage, Australian singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 2018)
  • 1960 – Emily Thornberry, English lawyer and politician
  • 1961Ed Orgeron, American football coach[6]
  • 1962Neil Brooks, Australian swimmer
  • 1962 – Karl Mueller, American bass player (d. 2005)
  • 1963Donnie Yen, Chinese-Hong Kong actor, director, producer, and martial artist
  • 1964Rex Brown, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1965José Luis Chilavert, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1966Steve Tilson, English footballer and manager
  • 1967Rahul Bose, Indian journalist, actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Juliana Hatfield, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1967 – Hans Mathisen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1967 – Neil Smith, English cricketer
  • 1967 – Craig Wolanin, American ice hockey player
  • 1968Maria Grazia Cucinotta, Italian actress and producer
  • 1968 – Tom Goodwin, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Sabina Jeschke, Swedish-German engineer and academic
  • 1968 – Julian McMahon, Australian actor and producer
  • 1968 – Ricardo Rosset, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1969Triple H, American wrestler and actor
  • 1969 – Jonty Rhodes, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1970Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Danish actor and producer
  • 1970 – David Davies, English-Welsh politician
  • 1971Matthew Johns, Australian rugby league player, sportscaster and television host
  • 1971 – Anna Menconi, Italian Paralympic archer[7]
  • 1972Clint Robinson, Australian kayaker[8]
  • 1972 – Maya Rudolph, American actress
  • 1972 – Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, Malaysian surgeon and astronaut
  • 1973Cassandra Clare, American journalist and author
  • 1973 – Erik Nys, Belgian long jumper
  • 1973 – Gorden Tallis, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1974Eason Chan, Hong Kong singer, actor, and producer
  • 1974 – Pete Yorn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975Serkan Çeliköz, Turkish keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1975 – Shea Hillenbrand, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Fred Mascherino, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Alessandro Pistone, Italian footballer
  • 1975 – Alex Rodriguez, American baseball player
  • 1976Demis Hassabis, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1976 – Scott Mason, Australian cricketer (d. 2005)
  • 1977Foo Swee Chin, Singaporean illustrator
  • 1977 – Björn Dreyer, German footballer
  • 1977 – Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor
  • 1978Diarmuid O'Sullivan, Irish hurler and manager
  • 1979Marielle Franco, Brazilian politician, feminist, and human rights activist (d. 2018)
  • 1979 – Jorge Arce, Mexican boxer
  • 1979 – Sidney Govou, French footballer
  • 1979 – Shannon Moore, American wrestler and singer
  • 1980Allan Davis, Australian cyclist
  • 1980 – Wesley Gonzales, Filipino basketball player
  • 1981Susan King Borchardt, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Collins Obuya, Kenyan cricketer
  • 1981 – Dash Snow, American painter and photographer (d. 2009)
  • 1981 – Christopher Weselek, German rugby player
  • 1982Neil Harbisson, English-Catalan painter, composer, and activist
  • 1983Lorik Cana, Albanian footballer
  • 1983 – Martijn Maaskant, Dutch cyclist
  • 1983 – Goran Pandev, Macedonian footballer
  • 1983 – Soccor Velho, Indian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1984Antoine Bethea, American football player
  • 1984 – Tsuyoshi Nishioka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1984 – Max Scherzer, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Taylor Schilling, American actress
  • 1984 – Kenny Wormald, American actor, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1985Husain Abdullah, American football player
  • 1985 – Matteo Pratichetti, Italian rugby player
  • 1985 – Ajmal Shahzad, English cricketer
  • 1986DeMarre Carroll, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Ryan Flaherty, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Ryan Griffen, Australian footballer
  • 1987Jacoby Ford, American football player
  • 1987 – Marek Hamšík, Slovak footballer
  • 1987 – Jordan Hill, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Sarah Parsons, American ice hockey player
  • 1988Adam Biddle, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Yoervis Medina, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1988 – Ryan Tannehill, American football player
  • 1989Maya Ali, Pakistani actress
  • 1990Nick Hogan, American race car driver and actor
  • 1990 – Paolo Hurtado, Peruvian footballer
  • 1990 – Cheyenne Kimball, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1990 – Stephen Li-Chung Kuo, Taiwanese-American figure skater
  • 1990 – Kriti Sanon, Indian actress
  • 1991Rena Matsui, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1993Reagan Campbell-Gillard, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Max Power, English footballer
  • 1993 – Jordan Spieth, American golfer
  • 2001Shin Ki-joon, South Korean actor

Deaths

  • 903Abdallah II of Ifriqiya, Aghlabid emir
  • 959Chai Rong, emperor of Later Zhou
  • 1144Salomea of Berg, High Duchess consort of Poland
  • 1061Nicholas II, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 1101Conrad II, king of Italy (b. 1074)
  • 1101 – Hugh d'Avranches, Earl of Chester (b. c. 1047)
  • 1158Geoffrey VI, Count of Anjou (b. 1134)
  • 1276James I of Aragon (b. 1208)
  • 1365Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (b. 1339)
  • 1382Joanna I of Naples (b. 1326)
  • 1510Giovanni Sforza, Italian condottiere (b. 1466)
  • 1469William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (b. 1423)
  • 1656Salomo Glassius, German theologian and critic (b. 1593)
  • 1675Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, French general (b. 1611)
  • 1689John Graham, 1st Viscount Dundee, Scottish general (b. c. 1648)[9]
  • 1759Pierre Louis Maupertuis, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1698)
  • 1770Robert Dinwiddie, Scottish merchant and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1693)
  • 1841Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and painter (b. 1814)
  • 1844John Dalton, English physicist, meteorologist, and chemist (b. 1776)
  • 1863William Lowndes Yancey, American journalist and politician (b. 1813)
  • 1865Jean-Joseph Dassy, French painter and lithographer (b. 1791)
  • 1875Aleksander Kunileid, Estonian composer and educator (b. 1845)
  • 1876Albertus van Raalte, Dutch-born American minister and author (b. 1811)
  • 1883Montgomery Blair, American lieutenant and politician, 20th United States Postmaster General (b. 1813)
  • 1916Charles Fryatt, English captain (b. 1872)
  • 1916 – William Jonas, English footballer (d. 1890)
  • 1917Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1921Myrddin Fardd, Welsh writer and antiquarian scholar (b. 1836)
  • 1924Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1866)
  • 1931Auguste Forel, Swiss neuroanatomist and psychiatrist (b. 1848)
  • 1938Tom Crean, Irish seaman and explorer (b. 1877)
  • 1941Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand painter and educator (b. 1858)
  • 1942Karl Pärsimägi, Estonian painter (b. 1902)
  • 1946Gertrude Stein, American novelist, poet, and playwright (b. 1874)
  • 1948Woolf Barnato, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1898)
  • 1948 – Joe Tinker, American baseball player and manager (b. 1880)
  • 1948 – Dorothea Bleek, South African anthropologist and philologist (b. 1873)
  • 1951Paul Kogerman, Estonian chemist and politician, 22nd Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1891)
  • 1958Claire Lee Chennault, American general and pilot (b. 1893)
  • 1960Julie Vinter Hansen, Danish-Swiss astronomer and academic (b. 1890)
  • 1962Richard Aldington, English poet and author (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – James H. Kindelberger, American pilot and businessman (b. 1895)
  • 1963Hooks Dauss, American baseball player (b. 1889)
  • 1963 – Garrett Morgan, American inventor (b. 1877)
  • 1964Winifred Lenihan, American actress, writer, and director (b. 1898)
  • 1965Daniel-Rops, French historian and author (b. 1901)
  • 1968Babe Adams, American baseball player and manager (b. 1882)
  • 1970António de Oliveira Salazar, Portuguese economist and politician, 100th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1889)
  • 1971Charlie Tully, Irish footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1975Alfred Duraiappah, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer and politician (d. 1926)[10]
  • 1978Bob Heffron, New Zealand-Australian miner and politician, 30th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1890)
  • 1978 – Willem van Otterloo, Dutch cellist, composer, and conductor (b. 1907)
  • 1980Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian king (b. 1919)
  • 1981William Wyler, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Elizabeth Rona, Hungarian American nuclear chemist (b. 1890)[11]
  • 1984James Mason, English actor (b. 1909)
  • 1985Smoky Joe Wood, American baseball player and coach (b. 1889)
  • 1987Travis Jackson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1903)
  • 1988Frank Zamboni, American inventor and businessman, founded the Zamboni Company (b. 1901)
  • 1990Bobby Day, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – René Toribio, Guadeloupean politician (b. 1912)
  • 1991John Friedrich, German-Australian engineer and conman (b. 1950)
  • 1992Max Dupain, Australian photographer and educator (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Tzeni Karezi, Greek actress and screenwriter
  • 1993Reggie Lewis, American basketball player (b. 1965)
  • 1994Kevin Carter, South African photographer and journalist (b. 1960)
  • 1995Melih Esenbel, Turkish politician and diplomat, 20th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Rick Ferrell, American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Miklós Rózsa, Hungarian-American composer and conductor (b. 1907)
  • 1998Binnie Barnes, English-American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1999Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, and mountaineer (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Harry Edison, American trumpet player (b. 1915)
  • 2000Gordon Solie, American sportscaster (b. 1929)
  • 2001Rhonda Sing, Canadian wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2001 – Leon Wilkeson, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2003Vance Hartke, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Bob Hope, English-American actor, comedian, television personality, and businessman (b. 1903)[12]
  • 2005Al Held, American painter and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Marten Toonder, Dutch author and illustrator (b. 1912)
  • 2006Maryann Mahaffey, American academic and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2007James Oyebola, Nigerian-English boxer (b. 1961)
  • 2008Youssef Chahine, Egyptian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Horst Stein, German-born Swiss conductor (b. 1928)
  • 2008 – Isaac Saba Raffoul, Mexican businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2010Maury Chaykin, American-Canadian actor (b. 1949)
  • 2010 – Jack Tatum, American football player (b. 1948)
  • 2012Norman Alden, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – R. G. Armstrong, American actor and playwright (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Darryl Cotton, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – Geoffrey Hughes, English actor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Tony Martin, American actor and singer (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Jack Taylor, English footballer and referee (b. 1930)
  • 2013Fernando Alonso, Cuban dancer, co-founded the Cuban National Ballet (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Lindy Boggs, American politician and diplomat, 5th United States Ambassador to the Holy See (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Bud Day, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Kidd Kraddick, American radio host (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Ilya Segalovich, Russian businessman, co-founded Yandex (b. 1964)
  • 2014Richard Bolt, New Zealand air marshal and pilot (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – George Freese, American baseball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Wallace Jones, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Francesco Marchisano, Italian cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Paul Schell, American lawyer and politician, 50th Mayor of Seattle (b. 1937)
  • 2015Rickey Grundy, American singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Indian engineer, academic, and politician, 11th President of India (b. 1931)[13]
  • 2015 – Samuel Pisar, Polish-born American lawyer and author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Anthony Shaw, English general (b. 1930)
  • 2016Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (b.1928)[14]
  • 2016 – James Alan McPherson, American short story writer and essayist (b. 1943)[15]
  • 2016 – Jerry Doyle, American actor and talk show host (b. 1956)[16]
  • 2016 – Piet de Jong, Dutch politician and naval officer, Minister of Defence (1963–67), Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–71) (b. 1915)[17]
  • 2017Sam Shepard, American playwright, actor, author, screenwriter, and director (b.1943)[18]
  • 2018Marco Aurelio Denegri, Peruvian literature critic, television host and sexologist[19]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Arethas (Western Christianity)
    • Aurelius and Natalia and companions of the Martyrs of Córdoba.
    • Maurus, Pantalemon, and Sergius
    • Pantaleon
    • Seven Sleepers of Ephesus (Roman Martyrology)
    • Theobald of Marly
    • Blessed Titus Brandsma, O.Carm.
    • July 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War (North Korea)
  • Iglesia ni Cristo Day (the Philippines)
  • José Celso Barbosa Day (Puerto Rico)
  • Martyrs and Wounded Soldiers Day (Vietnam)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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