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Events

  • 657First Fitna: In the Battle of Siffin, troops led by Ali ibn Abu Talib clash with those led by Muawiyah I.
  • 811Battle of Pliska: Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros I is killed and his heir Staurakios is seriously wounded.
  • 920 – Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at the Battle of Valdejunquera.
  • 1309Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V.
  • 1469Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Edgecote Moor, pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of Edward IV of England, takes place.
  • 1509 – The Emperor Krishnadevaraya ascends to the throne, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • 1529Francisco Pizarro González, Spanish conquistador, is appointed governor of Peru.
  • 1581Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration): The northern Low Countries declare their independence from the Spanish king, Philip II.
  • 1703 – During the Bavarian Rummel the rural population of Tyrol drove the Bavarian Prince-Elector Maximilian II Emanuel out of North Tyrol with a victory at the Pontlatzer Bridge and thus prevented the Bavarian Army, which was allied with France, from marching as planned on Vienna during the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1745 – The first recorded women's cricket match takes place near Guildford, England.
  • 1758French and Indian War: The Siege of Louisbourg ends with British forces defeating the French and taking control of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
  • 1775 – The office that would later become the United States Post Office Department is established by the Second Continental Congress. Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania takes office as Postmaster General.
  • 1788 – New York ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the 11th state of the United States.
  • 1803 – The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London, United Kingdom.
  • 1814 – The Swedish–Norwegian War begins.
  • 1822José de San Martín arrives in Guayaquil, Ecuador, to meet with Simón Bolívar.
  • 1822 – First day of the three-day Battle of Dervenakia, between the Ottoman Empire force led by Mahmud Dramali Pasha and the Greek Revolutionary force led by Theodoros Kolokotronis.
  • 1847Liberia declares its independence.
  • 1861American Civil War: George B. McClellan assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following a disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan's Raid ends; At Salineville, Ohio, Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and 360 of his volunteers are captured by Union forces.
  • 1882 – Premiere of Richard Wagner's opera Parsifal at Bayreuth.
  • 1882 – The Republic of Stellaland is founded in Southern Africa.
  • 1887 – Publication of the Unua Libro, founding the Esperanto movement.
  • 1890 – In Buenos Aires, Argentina the Revolución del Parque takes place, forcing President Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman's resignation.
  • 1891 – France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1892Dadabhai Naoroji is elected as the first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.[1]
  • 1897Anglo-Afghan War: The Pashtun fakir Saidullah leads an army of more than 10,000 to begin a siege of the British garrison in the Malakand Agency of the North West Frontier Province of India.
  • 1899Ulises Heureaux, the 27th President of the Dominican Republic, is assassinated.
  • 1908United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
  • 1918Emmy Noether's paper, which became known as Noether's theorem was presented at Göttingen, Germany, from which conservation laws are deduced for symmetries of angular momentum, linear momentum, and energy.
  • 1936Spanish Civil War: Germany and Italy decide to intervene in the war in support for Francisco Franco and the Nationalist faction.
  • 1936 – King Edward VIII, in one of his few official duties before he abdicates the throne, officially unveils the Canadian National Vimy Memorial.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: End of the Battle of Brunete with the Nationalist victory.
  • 1941World War II: In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, the United States, Britain and the Netherlands freeze all Japanese assets and cut off oil shipments.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Red Army enters Lviv, a major city in western Ukraine, capturing it from the Nazis. Only 300 Jews survive out of 160,000 living in Lviv prior to occupation.
  • 1945 – The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide, removing Winston Churchill from power.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany.
  • 1945 – World War II: Template:HMS is the last British Royal Navy ship to be sunk in the war.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Template:Ship arrives at Tinian with components and enriched uranium for the Little Boy nuclear bomb.
  • 1946Aloha Airlines begins service from Honolulu International Airport.
  • 1947Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into United States law creating the Central Intelligence Agency, United States Department of Defense, United States Air Force, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the United States National Security Council.
  • 1948 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order 9981, desegregating the military of the United States.
  • 1951Walt Disney's 13th animated film, Alice in Wonderland, premieres in London, England, United Kingdom.
  • 1952 – King Farouk of Egypt abdicates in favor of his son Fuad.
  • 1953 – Cold War: Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, thus beginning the Cuban Revolution. The movement took the name of the date: 26th of July Movement
  • 1953 – Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek raid.
  • 1953 – Soldiers from the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment repel a number of Chinese assaults against a key position known as The Hook during the Battle of the Samichon River, just hours before the Armistice Agreement is signed, ending the Korean War.
  • 1956 – Following the World Bank's refusal to fund building the Aswan Dam, Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal, sparking international condemnation.
  • 1957Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated.
  • 1958Explorer program: Explorer 4 is launched.
  • 1963Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous satellite, is launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta B booster.
  • 1963 – An earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia (present-day North Macedonia) leaves 1,100 dead.
  • 1963 – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development votes to admit Japan.
  • 1968Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Trương Đình Dzu is sentenced to five years hard labor for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.
  • 1971Apollo program: Launch of Apollo 15 on the first Apollo "J-Mission", and first use of a Lunar Roving Vehicle.
  • 1974Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis forms the country's first civil government after seven years of military rule.
  • 1977 – The National Assembly of Quebec imposes the use of French as the official language of the provincial government.
  • 1989 – A federal grand jury indicts Cornell University student Robert T. Morris, Jr. for releasing the Morris worm, thus becoming the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
  • 1990 – The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is signed into law by President George H.W. Bush.
  • 1993Asiana Airlines Flight 733 crashes into a ridge on Mt. Ungeo on its third attempt to land at Mokpo Airport, South Korea. Sixty-eight of the 116 people onboard are killed.
  • 1999Kargil conflict officially comes to an end. The Indian Army announces the complete eviction of Pakistani intruders.
  • 2005Space Shuttle program: STS-114 Mission: Launch of Discovery, NASA's first scheduled flight mission after the Columbia Disaster in 2003.
  • 2005 – Mumbai, India receives 99.5cm of rain (39.17 inches) within 24 hours, resulting in floods killing over 5,000 people.
  • 2008 – Fifty-six people are killed and over 200 people are injured, in the Ahmedabad bombings in India.
  • 2009 – The militant Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram attacks a police station in Bauchi, leading to reprisals by the Nigeria Police Force and four days of violence across multiple cities.
  • 2016 – The Sagamihara stabbings occur in Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. Nineteen people are killed.
  • 2016 – Hillary Clinton becomes the first female nominee for President of the United States by a major political party at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.
  • 2016 – Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.

Births

  • 1030Stanislaus of Szczepanów, Polish bishop and saint (d. 1079)
  • 1400Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Worcester, English noble (d. 1439)
  • 1502Christian Egenolff, German printer (d. 1555)
  • 1678Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1711)
  • 1711Lorenz Christoph Mizler, German physician, mathematician, and historian (d. 1778)
  • 1739George Clinton, American general and politician, 4th Vice President of the United States (d. 1812)
  • 1782John Field, Irish pianist and composer (d. 1837)
  • 1791Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1844)
  • 1796George Catlin, American painter, author, and traveler (d. 1872)
  • 1802Mariano Arista, Mexican general and politician, 42nd President of Mexico (d. 1855)
  • 1819Justin Holland, American guitarist and educator (d. 1887)
  • 1829Auguste Beernaert, Belgian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1912)
  • 1841Carl Robert Jakobson, Estonian journalist and politician (d. 1882)
  • 1842Alfred Marshall, English economist and academic (d. 1924)
  • 1844Stefan Drzewiecki, Ukrainian-Polish engineer and journalist (d. 1938)
  • 1854Philippe Gaucher, French dermatologist and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1855Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1856George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1858Tom Garrett, Australian cricketer and lawyer (d. 1943)
  • 1863Jāzeps Vītols, Latvian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1865Philipp Scheidemann, German journalist and politician, 10th Chancellor of Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1865 – Rajanikanta Sen, Indian poet and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1874Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American bassist, composer, and conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1875Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Antonio Machado, Spanish poet and academic (d. 1939)
  • 1877 – Jesse Lauriston Livermore, American investor and security analyst, "Great Bear of Wall Street" (d. 1940)
  • 1878Ernst Hoppenberg, German swimmer and water polo player (d. 1937)
  • 1879Shunroku Hata, Japanese field marshal and politician, 48th Japanese Minister of War (d. 1962)
  • 1880Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian playwright and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 1951)
  • 1882Albert Dunstan, Australian politician, 33rd Premier of Victoria (d. 1950)
  • 1885Roy Castleton, American Major League Baseball player (d.1967) [2]
  • 1885 – André Maurois, French soldier and author (d. 1967)
  • 1886Lars Hanson, Swedish actor (d. 1965)
  • 1888Reginald Hands, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 1918)
  • 1890Daniel J. Callaghan, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1942)
  • 1892Sad Sam Jones, American baseball player and manager (d. 1966)
  • 1893George Grosz, German painter and illustrator (d. 1959)
  • 1894Aldous Huxley, English novelist and philosopher (d. 1963)
  • 1895Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian (d. 1964)
  • 1896Tim Birkin, English soldier and race car driver (d. 1933)
  • 1897Harold D. Cooley, American lawyer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1897 – Paul Gallico, American journalist and author (d. 1976)
  • 1900Sarah Kafrit, Israeli politician and teacher (d. 1983)
  • 1903Estes Kefauver, American lawyer and politician (d. 1963)
  • 1904Edwin Albert Link, American industrialist and entrepreneur, invented the flight simulator (d. 1981)
  • 1906Irena Iłłakowicz, German-Polish lieutenant (d. 1943)
  • 1908Lucien Wercollier, Luxembourger sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1909Peter Thorneycroft, Baron Thorneycroft, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Vivian Vance, American actress and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1913Kan Yuet-keung, Hong Kong banker, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1914C. Farris Bryant, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 34th Governor of Florida (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Ellis Kinder, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1916Dean Brooks, American physician and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Jaime Luiz Coelho, Brazilian archbishop (d. 2013)
  • 1918Marjorie Lord, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1919Virginia Gilmore, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1919 – James Lovelock, English biologist and chemist
  • 1920Bob Waterfield, American football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1921Tom Saffell, American baseball player and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Jean Shepherd, American radio host, actor, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1922Blake Edwards, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1922 – Jim Foglesong, American record producer (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Jason Robards, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1923Jan Berenstain, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1925Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish physician and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Joseph Engelberger, American physicist and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Gene Gutowski, Polish-American film producer (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Ana María Matute, Spanish author and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1926James Best, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Dorothy E. Smith, Canadian sociologist[3]
  • 1927Gulabrai Ramchand, Indian cricketer (d. 2003)
  • 1928Don Beauman, English race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1928 – Francesco Cossiga, Italian academic and politician, 8th President of Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – Elliott Erwitt, French-American photographer and director
  • 1928 – Ibn-e-Safi, Indian-Pakistani author and poet (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Joe Jackson, American talent manager, father of Michael Jackson (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Stanley Kubrick, American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Peter Lougheed, Canadian lawyer and politician, 10th Premier of Alberta (d. 2012)
  • 1928 – Sally Oppenheim-Barnes, Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes, Irish-born English politician
  • 1928 – Bernice Rubens, Welsh author (d. 2004)
  • 1929Marc Lalonde, Canadian lawyer and politician, 34th Canadian Minister of Justice
  • 1929 – Alexis Weissenberg, Bulgarian-French pianist and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1930Plínio de Arruda Sampaio, Brazilian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Barbara Jefford, English actress
  • 1931Telê Santana, Brazilian footballer and manager (d. 2006)
  • 1934Tommy McDonald, American football player (d. 2018)
  • 1936Tsutomu Koyama, Japanese volleyball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Lawrie McMenemy, English footballer and manager
  • 1938Bobby Hebb, American singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – Keith Peters, Welsh physician and academic
  • 1939Jun Henmi, Japanese author and poet (d. 2011)
  • 1939 – John Howard, Australian lawyer and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1939 – Bob Lilly, American football player and photographer
  • 1939 – Richard Marlow, English organist and conductor (d. 2013)
  • 1940Dobie Gray, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1940 – Brian Mawhinney, Baron Mawhinney, Northern Irish-British academic and politician, Secretary of State for Transport
  • 1940 – Bobby Rousseau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1941Jean Baubérot, French historian and sociologist
  • 1941 – Darlene Love, American singer and actress
  • 1941 – Brenton Wood, American R&B singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1942Vladimír Mečiar, Slovak politician, 1st Prime Minister of Slovakia
  • 1942 – Teddy Pilette, Belgian race car driver
  • 1943Peter Hyams, American director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
  • 1943 – Mick Jagger, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1945Betty Davis, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Helen Mirren, English actress [4]
  • 1946Emilio de Villota, Spanish race car driver
  • 1948Luboš Andršt, Czech guitarist and songwriter
  • 1948 – Herbert Wiesinger, German figure skater
  • 1949Thaksin Shinawatra, Thai businessman and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1949 – Roger Taylor, English singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1950Nelinho, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1950 – Nicholas Evans, English journalist, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1950 – Susan George, English actress and producer
  • 1950 – Anne Rafferty, English lawyer and judge
  • 1950 – Rich Vogler, American race car driver (d. 1990)
  • 1951Rick Martin, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2011)
  • 1952Glynis Breakwell, English psychologist and academic
  • 1953Felix Magath, German footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Robert Phillips, American guitarist
  • 1953 – Henk Bleker, Dutch politician
  • 1953 – Earl Tatum, American professional basketball player
  • 1954Vitas Gerulaitis, American tennis player and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1955Aleksandrs Starkovs, Latvian footballer and coach
  • 1955 – Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistani businessman and politician, 11th President of Pakistan
  • 1956Peter Fincham, English screenwriter and producer
  • 1956 – Dorothy Hamill, American figure skater
  • 1956 – Tommy Rich, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Tim Tremlett, English cricketer and coach
  • 1957Norman Baker, Scottish politician
  • 1957 – Nana Visitor, American actress
  • 1958Monti Davis, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Angela Hewitt, Canadian-English pianist
  • 1959Rick Bragg, American author and journalist
  • 1959 – Kevin Spacey, American actor and director
  • 1961Gary Cherone, American singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Andy Connell, English keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1961 – Felix Dexter, Caribbean-English comedian and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1963Jeff Stoughton, Canadian curler
  • 1964Sandra Bullock, American actress and producer
  • 1964 – Ralf Metzenmacher, German painter and designer
  • 1964 – Anne Provoost, Belgian author
  • 1965Jeremy Piven, American actor and producer
  • 1965 – Jim Lindberg, American singer and guitarist
  • 1966Angelo di Livio, Italian footballer
  • 1967Martin Baker, English organist and conductor
  • 1967 – Tim Schafer, American video game designer, founded Double Fine Productions
  • 1967 – Jason Statham, English actor
  • 1968Frédéric Diefenthal, French actor and director
  • 1968 – Jim Naismith, Scottish biologist and academic
  • 1968 – Olivia Williams, English actress
  • 1969Greg Colbrunn, American baseball player and coach
  • 1969 – Tanni Grey-Thompson, Welsh baroness and wheelchair racer
  • 1971Khaled Mahmud, Bangladeshi cricketer and coach
  • 1971 – Chris Harrison, America television personality
  • 1972Nathan Buckley, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1973Kate Beckinsale, English actress
  • 1973 – Mariano Raffo, Argentinian director and producer
  • 1974Iron & Wine, American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Kees Meeuws, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1974 – Dean Sturridge, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1975Ingo Schultz, German sprinter
  • 1975 – Joe Smith, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Elizabeth Truss, English accountant and politician, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
  • 1976Elena Kustarova, Russian ice dancer and coach
  • 1977Joaquín Benoit, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Martin Laursen, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Tanja Szewczenko, German figure skater
  • 1979Friedrich Michau, German rugby player
  • 1979 – Derek Paravicini, English pianist
  • 1979 – Peter Sarno, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Erik Westrum, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Juliet Rylance, English actress
  • 1980Jacinda Ardern, 40th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1980 – Dave Baksh, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1980 – Robert Gallery, American football player
  • 1981Abe Forsythe, Australian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Maicon Sisenando, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982Gilad Hochman, Israeli composer
  • 1982 – Christopher Kane, Scottish fashion designer
  • 1983Kelly Clark, American snowboarder
  • 1983 – Stephen Makinwa, Nigerian footballer
  • 1983 – Roderick Strong, American wrestler
  • 1983 – Naomi van As, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1983 – Ken Wallace, Australian kayaker[5]
  • 1983 – Delonte West, American basketball player
  • 1984Kyriakos Ioannou, Cypriot high jumper
  • 1984 – Benjamin Kayser, French rugby player
  • 1984 – Sabri Sarıoğlu, Turkish footballer
  • 1985Marcus Benard, American football player
  • 1985 – Gaël Clichy, French footballer
  • 1985 – Audrey De Montigny, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Mat Gamel, American baseball player
  • 1986Leonardo Ulloa, Argentinian footballer
  • 1986 – John White, English footballer
  • 1987Panagiotis Kone, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Jordie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Fredy Montero, Colombian footballer
  • 1988Yurie Omi, Japanese female announcer
  • 1988 – Sayaka Akimoto, Filipino–Japanese actress and singer
  • 1991Tyson Barrie, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1992Marika Koroibete, Fijian rugby player
  • 1993Raymond Faitala-Mariner, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994Ella Leivo, Finnish tennis player
  • 1996Olivia Breen, British Paralympic athlete[6]

Deaths

  • 342Cheng of Jin, emperor of the Jin Dynasty (b. 321)
  • 432Celestine I, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 811Nikephoros I, Byzantine emperor
  • 899Li Hanzhi, Chinese warlord (b. 842)
  • 943Motoyoshi, Japanese nobleman and poet (b. 890)
  • 990Fujiwara no Kaneie, Japanese statesman (b. 929)
  • 1380Kōmyō, emperor of Japan (b. 1322)
  • 1450Cecily Neville, duchess of Warwick (b. 1424)
  • 1471Paul II, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1417)[7]
  • 1533Atahualpa, Inca emperor abducted and murdered by Francisco Pizarro (b. ca. 1500)
  • 1592Armand de Gontant, French marshal (b. 1524)
  • 1605Miguel de Benavides, Spanish archbishop and sinologist (b. 1552)
  • 1611Horio Yoshiharu, Japanese daimyō (b. 1542)
  • 1630Charles Emmanual I, duke of Savoy (b. 1562)
  • 1659Mary Frith, English female criminal (b. 1584)
  • 1680John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet and courtier (b. 1647)
  • 1684Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1646)
  • 1693Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark, queen of Sweden (b. 1656)
  • 1712Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, English politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1631)
  • 1723Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1660)
  • 1801Maximilian Francis, archduke of Austria (b. 1756)
  • 1863Sam Houston, American general and politician, 7th Governor of Texas (b. 1793)
  • 1867Otto, king of Greece (b. 1815)
  • 1899Ulises Heureaux, 22nd, 26th, and 27th President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1845)
  • 1915James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (b. 1837)
  • 1919Edward Poynter, English painter and illustrator (b. 1836)
  • 1921Howard Vernon, Australian actor (b. 1848)
  • 1925Antonio Ascari, Italian race car driver (b. 1888)
  • 1925 – Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1848)
  • 1925 – William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and politician, 41st United States Secretary of State (b. 1860)
  • 1926Robert Todd Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 35th United States Secretary of War, son of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1843)
  • 1930Pavlos Karolidis, Greek historian and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1932Fred Duesenberg, German-American businessman, co-founded the Duesenberg Company (b. 1876)
  • 1934Winsor McCay, American cartoonist, animator, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1871)
  • 1941Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician and academic (b. 1875)
  • 1942Roberto Arlt, Argentinian author and playwright (b. 1900)
  • 1951James Mitchell, Australian politician, 13th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1866)
  • 1952Eva Perón, Argentinian politician, 25th First Lady of Argentina (b. 1919)
  • 1953Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general and politician, 135th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1883)
  • 1957Carlos Castillo Armas, Authoritarian ruler of Guatemala (1954-1957)
  • 1960Cedric Gibbons, British art director and production designer (b. 1893)
  • 1964Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, English race car driver and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1968Cemal Tollu, Turkish lieutenant and painter (b. 1899)
  • 1970Robert Taschereau, Canadian lawyer and jurist, 11th Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1896)
  • 1971Diane Arbus, American photographer and academic (b. 1923)
  • 1984George Gallup, American mathematician and statistician, founded the Gallup Company (b. 1901)
  • 1984 – Ed Gein, American serial killer (b. 1906)
  • 1986W. Averell Harriman, American politician and diplomat, 11th United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1891)
  • 1988Fazlur Rahman Malik, Pakistani philosopher, scholar, and academic (b. 1919)
  • 1992Mary Wells, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1993Matthew Ridgway, American general (b. 1895)
  • 1994James Luther Adams, American theologian and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1995Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian-American guitarist and composer (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Raymond Mailloux, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – George W. Romney, American businessman and politician, 43rd Governor of Michigan (b. 1907)[8]
  • 1996Max Winter, American businessman and sports executive (b. 1903)
  • 1999Walter Jackson Bate, American author and critic (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Phaedon Gizikis, Greek general and politician, President of Greece (b. 1917)
  • 2000John Tukey, American mathematician and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2001Rex T. Barber, American colonel and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Peter von Zahn, German journalist and author (b. 1913)
  • 2004William A. Mitchell, American chemist, created Pop Rocks and Cool Whip (b. 1911)
  • 2005Alexander Golitzen, Russian-born American production designer and art director (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Jack Hirshleifer, American economist and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Gilles Marotte, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1945)
  • 2007Lars Forssell, Swedish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Skip Prosser, American basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2009Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1919)
  • 2010Sivakant Tiwari, Indian-Singaporean politician (b. 1945)
  • 2011Joe Arroyo, Colombian singer-songwriter and composer (b. 1955)
  • 2011 – Richard Harris, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – Sakyo Komatsu, Japanese author and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Margaret Olley, Australian painter and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2012Don Bagley, American bassist and composer (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Karl Benjamin, American painter and educator (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Miriam Ben-Porat, Russian-Israeli lawyer and jurist (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Lupe Ontiveros, American actress (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – James D. Watkins, American admiral and politician, 6th United States Secretary of Energy (b. 1927)
  • 2013Luther F. Cole, American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Harley Flanders, American mathematician and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Sung Jae-gi, South Korean philosopher and activist (b. 1967)
  • 2013 – George P. Mitchell, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1919)
  • 2014Oleh Babayev, Ukrainian businessman and politician (b. 1965)
  • 2014 – Charles R. Larson, American admiral (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Richard MacCormac, English architect, founded MJP Architects (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Sergei O. Prokofieff, Russian anthropologist and author (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Roland Verhavert, Belgian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2015Bijoy Krishna Handique, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Mines (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Flora MacDonald, Canadian banker and politician, 10th Canadian Minister of Communications (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Leo Reise, Jr., Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Ann Rule, American police officer and author (b. 1931)
  • 2017June Foray, American voice actress (b. 1917)
  • 2017 – Patti Deutsch, American voice artist and comedic actress (b. 1943)[9]
  • 2017 – Ronald Phillips, American criminal (b. 1973)[10]
  • 2018Adem Demaci, Kosovo Albanian politician and writer (b. 1936) [11]
  • 2018 – John Kline, American basketball player (b. 1931)[12]
  • 2019Russi Taylor, American voice actress (b. 1944)[13]
  • 2019 – Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1936)[14]
  • 2020Olivia de Havilland, American actress (b. 1916)[15]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Andrew of Phú Yên
    • Anne (Western Christianity)
    • Bartolomea Capitanio
    • Blessed Maria Pierina
    • Joachim (Western Christianity)
    • Paraskevi of Rome (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Venera
    • July 26 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of National Significance (Barbados)
  • Day of the National Rebellion (Cuba)
  • Esperanto Day
  • Independence Day (Liberia), celebrates the independence of Liberia from the American Colonization Society in 1847.
  • Independence Day (Maldives), celebrates the independence of Maldives from the United Kingdom in 1965.
  • Kargil Victory Day or Kargil Vijay Diwas (India)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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