July 25

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July 25 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 159 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 306Constantine I is proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops.
  • 315 – The Arch of Constantine is completed near the Colosseum in Rome to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge.
  • 677 – Climax of the Siege of Thessalonica by the Slavs in a three-day assault on the city walls.
  • 864 – The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.
  • 1137Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Prince Louis, later King Louis VII of France, at the Cathedral of Saint-André in Bordeaux.
  • 1139Battle of Ourique: The Almoravids, led by Ali ibn Yusuf, are defeated by Prince Afonso Henriques who is proclaimed King of Portugal.
  • 1261 – The city of Constantinople is recaptured by Nicaean forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1278 – The naval Battle of Algeciras takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in a victory for the Emirate of Granada and the Maranid Dynasty over the Kingdom of Castile.
  • 1467 – The Battle of Molinella: The first battle in Italy in which firearms are used extensively.
  • 1536Sebastián de Belalcázar on his search of El Dorado founds the city of Santiago de Cali.
  • 1538 – The city of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil.
  • 1547Henry II of France is crowned.
  • 1554Mary I marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral.
  • 1567 – Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
  • 1593Henry IV of France publicly converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1603James VI of Scotland is crowned king of England (James I of England), bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would occur in 1707.
  • 1609 – The English ship Sea Venture, en route to Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there.
  • 1693 – Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, now known as Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Mexico.
  • 1722Dummer's War begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.
  • 1755British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the deportation of the Acadians.
  • 1759French and Indian War: In Western New York, British forces capture Fort Niagara from the French, who subsequently abandon Fort Rouillé.
  • 1783American Revolutionary War: The war's last action, the Siege of Cuddalore, is ended by a preliminary peace agreement.
  • 1788Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his Symphony No. 40 in G minor (K550).
  • 1792 – The Brunswick Manifesto is issued to the population of Paris promising vengeance if the French royal family is harmed.
  • 1797Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).
  • 1799 – At Abu Qir in Egypt, Napoleon I of France defeats 10,000 Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.
  • 1814War of 1812: An American attack on Canada is repulsed.
  • 1824Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua.
  • 1837 – The first commercial use of an electrical telegraph is successfully demonstrated in London by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone.
  • 1853Joaquin Murrieta, the famous Californio bandit known as the "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
  • 1861American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Crittenden–Johnson Resolution, stating that the war is being fought to preserve the Union and not to end slavery.
  • 1866 – The United States Congress passes legislation authorizing the rank of General of the Army. Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to be promoted to this rank.
  • 1868 – The Wyoming Territory is established.
  • 1869 – The Japanese daimyōs begin returning their land holdings to the emperor as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese Date: June 17, 1869).
  • 1894 – The First Sino-Japanese War begins when the Japanese fire upon a Chinese warship.
  • 1898Spanish-American War: The American invasion of Spanish-held Puerto Rico begins, as United States Army troops under General Nelson A. Miles land and secure the port at Guánica.[1]
  • 1908Ajinomoto is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in kombu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), and patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • 1909Louis Blériot makes the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine from Calais to Dover, England, United Kingdom in 37 minutes.
  • 1915RFC Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British pursuit aviator to earn the Victoria Cross.
  • 1917 – Sir Robert Borden introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
  • 1925Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) is established.
  • 1934 – The Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.
  • 1940 – General Henri Guisan orders the Swiss Army to resist German invasion and makes surrender illegal.
  • 1942 – The Norwegian Manifesto calls for nonviolent resistance to the German occupation.
  • 1943World War II: Benito Mussolini is forced out of office by the Grand Council of Fascism and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Spring is one of the bloodiest days for the First Canadian Army during the war.
  • 1946 – The Crossroads Baker device is the first underwater nuclear weapon test.
  • 1956 – Forty-five miles south of Nantucket Island, the Italian ocean liner Template:SS collides with the Template:Ship in heavy fog and sinks the next day, killing 51.
  • 1957 – The Tunisian King Muhammad VIII al-Amin is replaced by President Habib Bourguiba.
  • 1958 – The African Regroupment Party holds its first congress in Cotonou.
  • 1961Cold War: In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.
  • 1965Bob Dylan goes electric at the Newport Folk Festival, signaling a major change in folk and rock music.
  • 1969Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the "Vietnamization" of the war.
  • 1973Soviet Mars 5 space probe is launched.
  • 1976Viking program: Viking 1 takes the famous Face on Mars photo.
  • 1978Puerto Rican police shoot two nationalists in the Cerro Maravilla murders.
  • 1978 – Birth of Louise Joy Brown, the first human to have been born after conception by in vitro fertilisation, or IVF.[2]
  • 1979 – In accord with the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty, Israel begins its withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1983Black July: Thirty-seven Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are massacred by the fellow Sinhalese prisoners.
  • 1984Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a space walk.
  • 1993 – Israel launches a massive attack against Lebanon in what the Israelis call Operation Accountability, and the Lebanese call the Seven-Day War.
  • 1993 – The Saint James Church massacre occurs in Kenilworth, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • 1994 – Israel and Jordan sign the Washington Declaration, that formally ends the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948.
  • 1995 – A gas bottle explodes in Saint Michel station of line B of the RER (Paris regional train network). Eight are killed and 80 wounded.
  • 1996 – In a military coup in Burundi, Pierre Buyoya deposes Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.
  • 2000Concorde Air France Flight 4590 crashes at Paris Charles de Gaulle airport, killing 113 people.
  • 2007Pratibha Patil is sworn in as India's first female president.
  • 2010WikiLeaks publishes classified documents about the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks in U.S. military history.
  • 2018As-Suwayda attacks: Coordinated attacks occur in Syria.[3]
  • 2019 – National extreme heat records set this day in the UK, Belgium, The Netherlands and Germany during the July 2019 European heat wave.

Births

  • 975Thietmar, bishop of Merseburg (d. 1018)
  • 1016Casimir I the Restorer, duke of Poland (d. 1058)[4]
  • 1109Afonso I, king of Portugal (d. 1185)
  • 1165Ibn Arabi, Andalusian Sufi mystic, poet, and philosopher (d. 1240)
  • 1261Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
  • 1291Hawys Gadarn, Welsh noblewoman (d. 1353)
  • 1336Albert I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1404)[5]
  • 1394James I, king of Scotland (d. 1437)
  • 1404Philip I, Duke of Brabant (d. 1430)
  • 1421Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (d. 1461)
  • 1450Jakob Wimpfeling, Renaissance humanist (d. 1528)
  • 1486Albrecht VII, Duke of Mecklenburg (d. 1547)
  • 1498Hernando de Aragón, Archbishop of Zaragoza (d. 1575)
  • 1532Alphonsus Rodriguez, Jesuit lay brother and saint (d. 1617)
  • 1556George Peele, English translator, poet, and dramatist (d. 1596)
  • 1562Katō Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord (d. 1611)
  • 1573Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and Jesuit (d. 1650)
  • 1581Brian Twyne, English archivist (d. 1644)
  • 1605Theodore Haak, German scholar (d. 1690)
  • 1633Joseph Williamson, English politician (d. 1701)
  • 1654Agostino Steffani, Italian composer and diplomat (d. 1728)
  • 1657Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, German composer (d. 1714)
  • 1658Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish general (d. 1703)
  • 1683Pieter Langendijk, Dutch playwright and poet (d. 1756)
  • 1750Henry Knox, American general and politician, 1st United States Secretary of War (d. 1806)
  • 1753Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires, French-Spanish captain and politician, 10th Viceroy of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1810)
  • 1797Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1889)
  • 1806Maria Weston Chapman, American abolitionist (d. 1885)
  • 1839Francis Garnier, French captain and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1844Thomas Eakins, American painter, sculptor, and photographer (d. 1916)
  • 1847Paul Langerhans, German pathologist, physiologist and biologist (d. 1888)
  • 1848Arthur Balfour, Scottish-English lieutenant and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1930)
  • 1857Frank J. Sprague, American naval officer and inventor (d. 1934)
  • 1865Jac. P. Thijsse, Dutch botanist and conservationist (d. 1945)
  • 1866Frederick Blackman, English physiologist and academic (d. 1947)
  • 1867Max Dauthendey, German author and painter (d. 1918)
  • 1867 – Alexander Rummler, American painter (d. 1959)
  • 1869Platon, Estonian bishop and saint (d. 1919)
  • 1870Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator (d. 1966)
  • 1875Jim Corbett, Indian hunter, environmentalist, and author (d. 1955)
  • 1878Masaharu Anesaki, Japanese philosopher and scholar (d. 1949)
  • 1882George S. Rentz, American commander (d. 1942)
  • 1883Alfredo Casella, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1947)
  • 1886Edward Cummins, American golfer (d. 1926)
  • 1894Walter Brennan, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1894 – Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian Serb revolutionary (d. 1918)
  • 1895Ingeborg Spangsfeldt, Danish actress (d. 1968)
  • 1896Jack Perrin, American actor and stuntman (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Josephine Tey, Scottish author and playwright (d. 1952)
  • 1901Ruth Krauss, American author and poet (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Mohammed Helmy, Egyptian physician and Righteous Among the Nations (d.1982)
  • 1901 – Lila Lee, American actress and singer (d. 1973)
  • 1902Eric Hoffer, American philosopher and author (d. 1983)
  • 1905Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-Swiss novelist, playwright, and memoirist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – Georges Grignard, French race car driver (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Denys Watkins-Pitchford, English author and illustrator (d. 1990)
  • 1906Johnny Hodges, American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 1970)
  • 1908Bill Bowes, English cricketer (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Ambroise-Marie Carré, French priest and author (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Jack Gilford, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1914Woody Strode, American football player and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1915S. U. Ethirmanasingham, Sri Lankan businessman and politician
  • 1915 – Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1916Lucien Saulnier, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1989)
  • 1917Fritz Honegger, Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 1999)
  • 1918Jane Frank, American painter and sculptor (d. 1986)
  • 1920Rosalind Franklin, English biophysicist, chemist, and academic (d. 1958)
  • 1921Adolph Herseth, American soldier and trumpet player (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Lionel Terray, French mountaineer (d. 1965)
  • 1923Estelle Getty, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Edgar Gilbert, American mathematician and theorist (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Maria Gripe, Swedish journalist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1924Frank Church, American lawyer and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1924 – Scotch Taylor, South African cricketer and hockey player (d. 2004)
  • 1925Benny Benjamin, American R&B drummer (d. 1969)
  • 1925 – Jerry Paris, American actor and director (d. 1986)
  • 1925 – Dick Passwater, American race car driver (d. 2020)[6]
  • 1925 – Jutta Zilliacus, Finnish journalist and politician
  • 1926Whitey Lockman, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Bernard Thompson, British television producer and director (d. 1998)
  • 1926 – Beatriz Segall, Brazilian actress (d. 2018)
  • 1927Daniel Ceccaldi, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Midge Decter, American journalist and author
  • 1927 – Sadiq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani politician, 10th Governor of Punjab (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Jean-Marie Seroney, Kenyan activist and politician (d. 1982)
  • 1928Dolphy, Filipino actor, singer, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1928 – Mario Montenegro, Filipino actor (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Nils Taube, Estonian-English businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1929Judd Buchanan, Canadian businessman and politician, 36th Canadian Minister of Public Works
  • 1929 – Somnath Chatterjee, Indian lawyer and politician, 14th Speaker of the Lok Sabha (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Eddie Mazur, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1995)
  • 1930Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricketer and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1930 – Maureen Forrester, Canadian actress and singer (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Alice Parizeau, Polish-Canadian journalist and criminologist (d. 1990)
  • 1930 – Herbert Scarf, American economist and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Annie Ross, Scottish-American singer and actress (d. 2020)
  • 1931James Butler, English sculptor and educator
  • 1932Paul J. Weitz, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2017)
  • 1934Don Ellis, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1934 – Claude Zidi, French director and screenwriter
  • 1935Barbara Harris, American actress and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – Gilbert Parent, Canadian educator and politician, 33rd Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – John Robinson, American football player and coach
  • 1935 – Larry Sherry, American baseball player and coach (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Lars Werner, Swedish lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1936Gerry Ashmore, English race car driver
  • 1936 – Glenn Murcutt, English-Australian architect and academic
  • 1937Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn, English archaeologist and academic
  • 1940Richard Ballantine, American-English journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1941Manny Charlton, Spanish-born Scottish rock musician and songwriter
  • 1941 – Nate Thurmond, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Emmett Till, American lynching victim (d. 1955)
  • 1942Bruce Woodley, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943Jim McCarty, English singer and drummer
  • 1943 – Erika Steinbach, Polish-German politician
  • 1944Sally Beauman, English journalist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1946José Areas, Nicaraguan drummer
  • 1946 – Nicole Farhi, French fashion designer and sculptor
  • 1946 – John Gibson, American radio host
  • 1946 – Rita Marley, Cuban-Jamaican singer
  • 1946 – P. Selvarasa, Sri Lankan politician
  • 1946 – Ljupka Dimitrovska, Macedonian-Croatian pop singer (d. 2016)
  • 1948Steve Goodman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1984)
  • 1950Mark Clarke, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1951Jack Thompson, American lawyer and activist
  • 1951 – Verdine White, American bass player and producer
  • 1952Eduardo Souto de Moura, Portuguese architect, designed the Estádio Municipal de Braga
  • 1953Joseph A. Tunzi, Chicago based author, foremost expert on Elvis Presley
  • 1953 – Robert Zoellick, American banker and politician, 14th United States Deputy Secretary of State
  • 1954Ken Greer, Canadian guitarist, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Sheena McDonald, Scottish journalist
  • 1954 – Walter Payton, American football player and race car driver (d. 1999)
  • 1954 – Jochem Ziegert, German footballer and manager
  • 1955Iman, Somalian-English model and actress
  • 1955 – Randall Bewley, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1956Andy Goldsworthy, English-Scottish sculptor and photographer
  • 1956 – Frances Arnold, American scientist and engineer
  • 1957Mark Hunter, English politician
  • 1957 – Steve Podborski, Canadian skier
  • 1958Alexei Filippenko, American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1958 – Thurston Moore, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959Fyodor Cherenkov, Russian footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1959 – Geoffrey Zakarian, American chef and author
  • 1960Alain Robidoux, Canadian snooker player
  • 1960 – Justice Howard, American photographer
  • 1960 – Māris Martinsons, Latvian film director, producer, screenwriter, and editor
  • 1962Carin Bakkum, Dutch tennis player
  • 1962 – Doug Drabek, American baseball player and coach
  • 1963Denis Coderre, Canadian politician, 44th Mayor of Montreal
  • 1963 – Julian Hodgson, Welsh chess player
  • 1964Anne Applebaum, American journalist and author
  • 1964 – Tony Granato, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1964 – Breuk Iversen, American designer and journalist
  • 1965Marty Brown, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Illeana Douglas, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Dale Shearer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1966Daryl Halligan, New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Maureen Herman, American bass player
  • 1966 – Diana Johnson, English politician
  • 1967Matt LeBlanc, American actor and producer
  • 1967 – Ruth Peetoom, Dutch minister and politician
  • 1967 – Tommy Skjerven, Norwegian footballer and referee
  • 1968Rudi Bryson, South African cricketer
  • 1968 – Shi Tao, Chinese journalist and poet
  • 1969Jon Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Annastacia Palaszczuk, Australian politician, 39th Premier of Queensland
  • 1971Roger Creager, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Tracy Murray, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Billy Wagner, American baseball player and coach
  • 1972David Penna, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1973Dani Filth, English singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Kevin Phillips, English footballer
  • 1973 – Igli Tare, Albanian footballer
  • 1974Lauren Faust, American animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Julia Laffranque, Estonian lawyer and judge
  • 1974 – Kenzo Suzuki, Japanese rugby player and wrestler
  • 1975Jody Craddock, English footballer and coach
  • 1975 – Jean-Claude Darcheville, Guianan-French footballer
  • 1975 – El Zorro, Mexican wrestler
  • 1975 – Brian Gibson, American bass player
  • 1975 – Evgeni Nabokov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1976Marcos Assunção, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Jovica Tasevski-Eternijan, Macedonian poet and critic
  • 1976 – Javier Vázquez, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1977Kenny Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1978Gerard Warren, American football player
  • 1978 – Louise Joy Brown, first human to be born via IVF[2]
  • 1979Ali Carter, English snooker player
  • 1979 – Tom Lungley, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1980Shawn Riggans, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Toni Vilander, Finnish race car driver
  • 1980 – David Wachs, American actor and producer
  • 1980 – Scott Waldrom, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981Conor Casey, American soccer player
  • 1981 – Constantinos Charalambidis, Cypriot footballer
  • 1981 – Yūichi Komano, Japanese footballer
  • 1981 – Mac Lethal, American rapper and producer
  • 1981 – Jani Rita, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1982Brad Renfro, American actor and musician (d. 2008)
  • 1982Jason Dundas, Australian TV host
  • 1983Nenad Krstić, Serbian basketball player
  • 1984Loukas Mavrokefalidis, Greek basketball player
  • 1985James Lafferty, American actor and athlete
  • 1985 – Nelson Piquet Jr., Brazilian race car driver
  • 1985 – Hugo Rodallega, Colombian footballer
  • 1986Abraham Gneki Guié, Ivorian footballer
  • 1986 – Hulk, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987Richard Bachman, American ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Mitchell Burgzorg, Dutch footballer and rapper
  • 1987 – Fernando, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Jax Jones, English DJ, singer and songwriter
  • 1987 – Eran Zahavi, Israeli footballer
  • 1988John Goossens, Dutch footballer
  • 1988 – Tom Hiariej, Dutch footballer
  • 1988 – Stacey Kemp, English skater
  • 1988 – Paulinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Anthony Stokes, Irish footballer
  • 1989Natalia Vieru, Russian basketball player
  • 1990Thodoris Karapetsas, Greek footballer
  • 1991Toni Duggan, English footballer
  • 1992Sergei Simonov, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2016)
  • 1997Nat Butcher, Australian rugby league player

Deaths

  • 306Constantius Chlorus, Roman emperor (b. 250)
  • 885Ragenold, margrave of Neustria
  • 1011Ichijō, emperor of Japan (b. 980)
  • 1190Sibylla, queen of Jerusalem
  • 1195Herrad of Landsberg, abbess, author, and illustrator (b. c. 1130)[7]
  • 1409Martin I, king of Sicily (b. 1376)
  • 1471Thomas à Kempis, German priest and mystic
  • 1472Charles of Artois, French nobleman (b. 1394)
  • 1492Innocent VIII, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1432)
  • 1564Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1503)[8]
  • 1572Isaac Luria, Ottoman rabbi and mystic (b. 1534)
  • 1608Pomponio Nenna, Italian composer (b. 1556)
  • 1616Andreas Libavius, German physician and chemist (b. 1550)
  • 1643Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, English general and politician (b. 1584)
  • 1681Urian Oakes, English-American minister and educator (b. 1631)
  • 1790Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educator and reformer (b. 1723)
  • 1790 – William Livingston, American soldier and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey (b. 1723)
  • 1791Isaac Low, American merchant and politician (b. 1735)
  • 1794André Chénier, Greek-French poet and author (b. 1762)
  • 1794 – Jean-Antoine Roucher, French poet and author (b. 1745)
  • 1794 – Friedrich von der Trenck, Prussian adventurer and author (b. 1726)
  • 1826Kondraty Ryleyev, Russian poet and publisher (b. 1795)
  • 1831Maria Szymanowska, Polish composer and pianist (b. 1789)
  • 1834Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English philosopher, poet, and critic (b. 1772)
  • 1842Dominique Jean Larrey, French physician and surgeon (b. 1766)
  • 1843Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and engineer (b. 1766)
  • 1861Jonas Furrer, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1805)
  • 1865James Barry, English soldier and surgeon (b. 1799)
  • 1887John Taylor, American religious leader, 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1808)
  • 1934François Coty, French businessman, founded Coty, Inc. (b. 1874)
  • 1934 – Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian politician, 14th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1892)
  • 1942Fred Englehardt, American triple jumper (b. 1879)
  • 1952Herbert Murrill, English organist and composer (b. 1909)
  • 1958Otto Lasanen, Finnish wrestler (b. 1891)
  • 1959Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, Polish-born Irish rabbi and author (b. 1888)
  • 1962Thibaudeau Rinfret, Canadian lawyer and jurist, 9th Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1879)
  • 1963Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist and academic (b. 1877)
  • 1966Frank O'Hara, American poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 1967Konstantinos Parthenis, Egyptian-Greek painter (b. 1878)
  • 1971John Meyers, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1880)
  • 1971 – Leroy Robertson, American composer and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1973Amy Jacques Garvey, Jamaican-American journalist and activist (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Louis St. Laurent, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1882)
  • 1980Vladimir Vysotsky, Russian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1938)
  • 1981Rosa A. González, Puerto Rican nurse, author, feminist, and activist (b. 1889)
  • 1982Hal Foster, Canadian-American author and illustrator (b. 1892)
  • 1984Bryan Hextall, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Big Mama Thornton, American singer-songwriter (b. 1926)
  • 1986Vincente Minnelli, American director and screenwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1988Judith Barsi, American child actress (b. 1978)
  • 1989Steve Rubell, American businessman, co-owner of Studio 54 (b. 1943)
  • 1991Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet politician (b. 1893)
  • 1992Alfred Drake, American actor and singer (b. 1914)
  • 1995Charlie Rich, American singer-songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 1997Ben Hogan, American golfer (b. 1912)
  • 1998Evangelos Papastratos, Greek businessman, co-founded Papastratos (b. 1910)
  • 2000Rudi Faßnacht, German footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2002Abdel Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher and poet (b. 1917)
  • 2003Ludwig Bölkow, German engineer (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – John Schlesinger, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2004John Passmore, Australian philosopher and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2005Albert Mangelsdorff, German trombonist (b. 1928)
  • 2006Ezra Fleischer, Romanian-Israeli poet and philologist (b. 1928)
  • 2007Bernd Jakubowski, German footballer and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2008Jeff Fehring, Australian footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2008 – Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2008 – Randy Pausch, American computer scientist and educator (b. 1960)
  • 2009Vernon Forrest, American boxer (b. 1971)
  • 2009 – Stanley Middleton, English author (b. 1919)
  • 2009 – Harry Patch, English soldier (b. 1898)
  • 2011Michael Cacoyannis, Cypriot-Greek director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2012B. R. Ishara, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Barry Langford, English director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Greg Mohns, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Franz West, Austrian painter and sculptor (b. 1947)
  • 2013Walter De Maria, American sculptor, illustrator, and composer (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – William J. Guste, American lawyer and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Hugh Huxley, English-American biologist and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2014Bel Kaufman, German-American author and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2014 – Richard Larter, Australian painter and illustrator (b. 1929)
  • 2015Jacques Andreani, French diplomat, French ambassador to the United States (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – R. S. Gavai, Indian lawyer and politician, 18th Governor of Kerala (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Bob Kauffman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1946)
  • 2017Michael Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
  • 2018Sergio Marchionne, Italian-Canadian businessman[9] (b. 1952)
  • 2019Beji Caid Essebsi, 4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Tunisia (b. 1926)[10]
  • 2020Lou Henson, American college basketball coach (b. 1932)[11]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Anne (Eastern Christianity)
    • Christopher (Western Christianity)
    • Cucuphas
    • Glodesind
    • James the Great (Western Christianity)
    • John I Agnus
    • Julian of Le Mans (translation)
    • Magnerich of Trier
    • July 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Father's Day can fall, while July 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Sunday in July. (Dominican Republic)
  • Earliest day on which National Tree Planting Day can fall, while July 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Sunday in July. (Australia)
  • Earliest day on which Navy Day can fall, while July 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Sunday in July. (Russia)
  • Guanacaste Day (Costa Rica)
  • National Baha'i Day (Jamaica)
  • National Day of Galicia (Galicia)
  • Puerto Rico Constitution Day (Puerto Rico)
  • Republic Day (Tunisia)

References

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  11. https://fightingillini.com/news/2020/7/29/mens-basketball-legendary-fighting-illini-lou-henson-passes-away-at-88.aspx
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