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Events

  • 838Battle of Anzen: The Byzantine emperor Theophilos suffers a heavy defeat by the Abbasids.
  • 1099First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1209Massacre at Béziers: The first major military action of the Albigensian Crusade.
  • 1298Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk: King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk.
  • 1342St. Mary Magdalene's flood is the worst such event on record for central Europe.[1]
  • 1443Battle of St. Jakob an der Sihl in the Old Zürich War.
  • 1456Ottoman wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade: John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1484Battle of Lochmaben Fair: A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
  • 1499Battle of Dornach: The Swiss decisively defeat the army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1587Roanoke Colony: A second group of English settlers arrives on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
  • 1598William Shakespeare’s play, The Merchant of Venice, is entered on the Stationers’ Register. By decree of Queen Elizabeth, the Stationers’ Register licensed printed works, giving the Crown tight control over all published material.
  • 1686Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
  • 1706 – The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which, when passed by each countries' Parliaments, led to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1793Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first recorded human to complete a transcontinental crossing of North America.
  • 1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
  • 1797Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Battle between Spanish and British naval forces during the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Battle, Rear-Admiral Nelson is wounded in the arm and the arm had to be partially amputated.
  • 1802 – Emperor Gia Long conquers Hanoi and unified Viet Nam, which had experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
  • 1805Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Cape Finisterre: An inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleet under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
  • 1812Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War: Battle of Salamanca: British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
  • 1864American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta: Outside Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
  • 1893Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" after admiring the view from the top of Pikes Peak near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • 1894 – The first ever motor race is held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was the Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the 'official' victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître driving his 3 hp petrol engined Peugeot.
  • 1916Preparedness Day Bombing: In San Francisco, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a parade, killing ten and injuring 40.
  • 1921Rif War: The Spanish Army suffers its worst military defeat in modern times to the Berbers of the Rif region of Spanish Morocco.[2]
  • 1933 – Aviator Wiley Post returns to Floyd Bennett Field in New York City, completing the first solo flight around the world in seven days, 18 hours and 49 minutes.
  • 1936Spanish Civil War: The Popular Executive Committee of Valencia takes power in the Valencian Community.[3]
  • 1937New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
  • 1942 – Grossaktion Warsaw: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto begins.
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied forces capture Palermo during the Allied invasion of Sicily.
  • 1943 – World War II: Axis occupation forces violently disperse a massive protest in Athens, killing 22.
  • 1944 – The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland.
  • 1946King David Hotel bombing: A Zionist underground organisation, the Irgun, bombs the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, site of the civil administration and military headquarters for Mandatory Palestine, resulting in 91 deaths.
  • 1962Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
  • 1963Crown Colony of Sarawak gains self-governance.
  • 1976 – Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during imperial Japan's conquest of the country in the Second World War.
  • 1977 – Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
  • 1983Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
  • 1990Greg LeMond, an American road racing cyclist, wins his third Tour de France after leading the majority of the race. It was LeMond's second consecutive Tour de France victory.
  • 1992 – Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
  • 1993Great Flood of 1993: Levees near Kaskaskia, Illinois rupture, forcing the entire town to evacuate by barges operated by the Army Corps of Engineers.
  • 1997 – The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
  • 2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year-old son, and a bodyguard.
  • 2005Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers responsible for the 7 July 2005 London bombings and the 21 July 2005 London bombings.
  • 2011Norway attacks: First a bomb blast which targeted government buildings in central Oslo, followed by a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya.
  • 2013Dingxi earthquakes: A series of earthquakes in Dingxi, China, kills at least 89 people and injures more than 500 others.

Births

  • 1210Joan of England, Queen of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1437John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, English Baron (d. 1498)
  • 1476Zhu Youyuan, Ming Dynasty politician (d. 1519)
  • 1478Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
  • 1531Leonhard Thurneysser, scholar and elector of Brandenburg (d. 1595)
  • 1535Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
  • 1552Anthony Browne, Sheriff of Surrey and Kent (d. 1592)
  • 1552 – Mary Wriothesley, Countess of Southampton, Lady of English peer and others (d. 1607)
  • 1559Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian priest and saint (d. 1619)
  • 1615Marguerite of Lorraine, princess of Lorraine, duchess of Orléans (d. 1672)
  • 1618Johan Nieuhof, Dutch traveler (d. 1672)
  • 1621Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (d. 1683)
  • 1630Madame de Brinvilliers, French aristocrat (d. 1676)
  • 1647Margaret Mary Alacoque, French nun, mystic and saint (d. 1690)
  • 1651Ferdinand Tobias Richter, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1711)
  • 1711Georg Wilhelm Richmann, German-Russian physicist and academic (d. 1753)
  • 1713Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect, designed the Panthéon (d. 1780)
  • 1733Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and historian (d. 1790)
  • 1755Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1839)
  • 1784Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1846)
  • 1820Oliver Mowat, Canadian politician, 3rd Premier of Ontario, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (d. 1903)[4]
  • 1839Jakob Hurt, Estonian theologist and linguist (d. 1907)
  • 1844William Archibald Spooner, English priest and scholar (d. 1930)
  • 1848Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)
  • 1849Emma Lazarus, American poet and educator (d. 1887)
  • 1856Octave Hamelin, French philosopher (d. 1907)
  • 1862Cosmo Duff-Gordon, Scottish fencer (d. 1931)
  • 1863Alec Hearne, English cricketer (d. 1952)
  • 1878Janusz Korczak, Polish pediatrician and author (d. 1942)
  • 1881Augusta Fox Bronner, American psychologist, specialist in juvenile psychology (d. 1966)
  • 1882Edward Hopper, American painter and etcher (d. 1967)
  • 1884Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1967)
  • 1886Hella Wuolijoki, Estonian-Finnish author (d. 1954)
  • 1887Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1888Kirk Bryan, American geologist and academic (d. 1950)
  • 1888 – Selman Waksman, Jewish-American biochemist and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1889James Whale, English director (d. 1957)
  • 1890Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist (d. 1995)
  • 1892Jack MacBryan, English cricketer and field hockey player (d. 1983)
  • 1893Jesse Haines, American baseball player and coach (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1895León de Greiff, Colombian poet, journalist, and diplomat (d. 1976)
  • 1898Stephen Vincent Benét, American poet, short story writer, and novelist (d. 1943)
  • 1899Sobhuza II of Swaziland (d. 1982)
  • 1908Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
  • 1909Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1909 – Dorino Serafini, Italian racing driver (d. 2000)
  • 1910Ruthie Tompson, American animator and artist
  • 1913Gorni Kramer, Italian bassist, songwriter, and bandleader (d. 1995)
  • 1915Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Indian-Pakistani politician and diplomat (d. 2000)
  • 1916Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (d. 1949)
  • 1921William Roth, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1923Bob Dole, American soldier, lawyer, and politician
  • 1923 – César Fernández Ardavín, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1924Margaret Whiting, American singer (d. 2011)
  • 1925Jack Matthews, American author, playwright, and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Joseph Sargent, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1926Bryan Forbes, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Wolfgang Iser, German scholar, literary theorist (d. 2007)
  • 1927Johan Ferner, Norwegian sailor (d. 2015)
  • 1928Orson Bean, American actor (d. 2020)
  • 1928 – Jimmy Hill, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1929John Barber, English racing driver (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Leonid Stolovich, Russian-Estonian philosopher and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Neil Welliver, American painter (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Baselios Thomas I, Indian bishop
  • 1931Leo Labine, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1932Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Tom Robbins, American novelist
  • 1934Junior Cook, American saxophonist (d. 1992)
  • 1934 – Louise Fletcher, American actress
  • 1934 – Leon Rotman, Romanian canoeist[5]
  • 1935Tom Cartwright, English-Welsh cricketer and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1936Don Patterson, American organist (d. 1988)
  • 1936 – Harold Rhodes, English cricketer
  • 1936 – Geraldine Claudette Darden, American mathematician
  • 1937Chuck Jackson, American R&B singer and songwriter
  • 1937 – Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese-American wrestler and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1937 – John Price, English cricketer
  • 1937 – Vasant Ranjane, Indian cricketer (d. 2011)
  • 1938Terence Stamp, English actor
  • 1940Judith Walzer Leavitt, American historian and academic
  • 1940 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-American game show host and producer
  • 1941Estelle Bennett, American singer (d. 2009)
  • 1941 – Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator (d. 1975)
  • 1941 – George Clinton, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1941 – David M. Kennedy, American historian and author
  • 1942Michael Abney-Hastings, 14th Earl of Loudoun, English-Australian politician (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Peter Habeler, Austrian mountaineer and skier
  • 1942 – Les Johns, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1943Masaru Emoto, Japanese author and activist (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Kay Bailey Hutchison, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943 – Bobby Sherman, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1944Rick Davies, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1944 – Sparky Lyle, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944 – Anand Satyanand, New Zealand lawyer, judge, and politician, 19th Governor-General of New Zealand
  • 1945Philip Cohen, English biochemist and academic
  • 1946Danny Glover, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1946 – Paul Schrader, American director and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Rolando Joven Tria Tirona, Filipino archbishop
  • 1946 – Johnson Toribiong, Palauan lawyer and politician, 7th President of Palau
  • 1947Albert Brooks, American actor, comedian, director, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Gilles Duceppe, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Don Henley, American singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1948S. E. Hinton, American author[6]
  • 1949Alan Menken, American pianist and composer
  • 1949 – Lasse Virén, Finnish runner and police officer
  • 1951Richard Bennett, American guitarist and producer
  • 1951 – J. V. Cain, American football player (d. 1979)
  • 1951 – Patriarch Daniel of Romania
  • 1953Brian Howe, English singer-songwriter
  • 1954Al Di Meola, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1954 – Steve LaTourette, American lawyer and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1954 – Lonette McKee, American actress and singer
  • 1954 – Ingrid Daubechies, Belgian physicist and mathematician
  • 1955Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (d. 2013)
  • 1955 – Willem Dafoe, American actor
  • 1956Mick Pointer, English neo-progressive rock drummer
  • 1956 – Scott Sanderson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1957Dave Stieb, American baseball player
  • 1958Tatsunori Hara, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1958 – David Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1984)
  • 1960Jon Oliva, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1961Calvin Fish, English racing driver and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Keith Sweat, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1962Alvin Robertson, American basketball player
  • 1962 – Martine St. Clair, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1963Emilio Butragueño, Spanish footballer
  • 1963 – Emily Saliers, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1964Will Calhoun, American rock drummer
  • 1964 – Bonnie Langford, English actress and dancer
  • 1964 – John Leguizamo, Colombian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – David Spade, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965Derrick Dalley, Canadian educator and politician
  • 1965 – Shawn Michaels, American wrestler, trainer, and actor
  • 1965 – Richard B. Poore, New Zealand humanitarian
  • 1965 – Doug Riesenberg, American football player and coach
  • 1966Tim Brown, American football player and manager
  • 1967Lauren Booth, English journalist and activist
  • 1967 – Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor[7]
  • 1969Despina Vandi, German-Greek singer and actress
  • 1970Jason Becker, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Steve Carter, Australian rugby league player
  • 1970 – Sergei Zubov, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972Franco Battaini, Italian motorcycle racer[8]
  • 1972 – Colin Ferguson, Canadian actor, director, and producer
  • 1972 – Seth Fisher, American illustrator (d. 2006)
  • 1972 – Keyshawn Johnson, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1973Brian Chippendale, American singer and drummer
  • 1973 – Mike Sweeney, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Ece Temelkuran, Turkish journalist and author
  • 1973 – Rufus Wainwright, American-Canadian singer-songwriter[9]
  • 1974Franka Potente, German actress
  • 1977Ezio Galon, Italian rugby player
  • 1977 – Ingo Hertzsch, German footballer
  • 1977 – Gustavo Nery, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978Runako Morton, Nevisian cricketer (d. 2012)
  • 1978 – Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
  • 1979Lucas Luhr, German racing driver
  • 1979 – Yadel Martí, Cuban baseball player
  • 1980Dirk Kuyt, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Kate Ryan, Belgian singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Tablo, South Korean-Canadian rapper
  • 1982Nuwan Kulasekara, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983Aldo de Nigris, Mexican footballer
  • 1983 – Dries Devenyns, Belgian cyclist
  • 1983 – Steven Jackson, American football player
  • 1983 – Andreas Ulvo, Norwegian pianist
  • 1984Stewart Downing, English footballer
  • 1985Jessica Abbott, Australian swimmer
  • 1985 – Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean-American rugby player
  • 1985 – Akira Tozawa, Japanese wrestler
  • 1986Stevie Johnson, American football player
  • 1986 – Colin de Grandhomme, Zimbabwean-New Zealand cricketer[10]
  • 1987Denis Gargaud Chanut, French slalom canoeist[11]
  • 1987 – Charlotte Kalla, Swedish skier
  • 1988William Buick, Norwegian-British flat jockey
  • 1988 – Paul Coutts, Scottish footballer
  • 1988 – Thomas Kraft, German footballer
  • 1988 – Sercan Temizyürek, Turkish footballer
  • 1989Keegan Allen, American actor, photographer and musician
  • 1991Matty James, English footballer
  • 1992Anja Aguilar, Filipino actress and singer
  • 1992 – Selena Gomez, American singer and actress
  • 1992 – Carolin Schnarre, German Paralympic equestrian[12]
  • 1993Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Kyrgyzstani-American terrorist
  • 1994Jaz Sinclair, American film and television actress
  • 1995Ezekiel Elliott, American football player
  • 1995 – Armaan Malik, Indian playback singer, composer and songwriter
  • 1996Skyler Gisondo, American actor
  • 2002Prince Felix of Denmark
  • 2013Prince George of Cambridge

Deaths

  • 698Wu Chengsi, nephew of Chinese sovereign Wu Zetian
  • 1258Meinhard I, Count of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. c. 1200)
  • 1274Henry I of Navarre, Count of Champagne and Brie and King of Navarre
  • 1298 – Sir John de Graham, Scottish soldier at the Battle of Falkirk
  • 1362Louis, Count of Gravina (b. 1324)
  • 1376Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1310)
  • 1387Frans Ackerman, Flemish politician (b. 1330)
  • 1461Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
  • 1525Richard Wingfield, English courtier and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1426)
  • 1540John Zápolya, Hungarian king (b. 1487)
  • 1550Jorge de Lencastre, Duke of Coimbra (b. 1481)
  • 1581Richard Cox, English bishop (b. 1500)
  • 1619Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian priest and saint (b. 1559)
  • 1645Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (b. 1587)
  • 1676Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
  • 1726Hugh Drysdale, English-American politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia
  • 1734Peter King, 1st Baron King, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1669)
  • 1789Joseph Foullon de Doué, French politician, Controller-General of Finances (b. 1715)
  • 1802Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (b. 1771)
  • 1824Thomas Macnamara Russell, English admiral
  • 1826Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian mathematician and astronomer (b. 1746)
  • 1832Napoleon II, French emperor (b. 1811)
  • 1833Joseph Forlenze, Italian ophthalmologist and surgeon (b. 1757)
  • 1864James B. McPherson, American general (b. 1828)
  • 1869John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, designed the Brooklyn Bridge (b. 1806)
  • 1902Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish cardinal (b. 1822)
  • 1903Cassius Marcellus Clay, American publisher, lawyer, and politician, United States Ambassador to Russia (b. 1810)
  • 1904Wilson Barrett, English actor and playwright (b. 1846)
  • 1906William Snodgrass, Canadian minister and academic (b. 1827)
  • 1908Randal Cremer, English politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1915Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor, developed Standard time (b. 1827)
  • 1916James Whitcomb Riley, American poet and author (b. 1849)
  • 1918Indra Lal Roy, Indian lieutenant and first Indian fighter aircraft pilot (b. 1898)
  • 1920William Kissam Vanderbilt, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1849)
  • 1922Jōkichi Takamine, Japanese-American chemist and academic (b. 1854)
  • 1932J. Meade Falkner, English author and poet (b. 1858)
  • 1932 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and academic (b. 1866)
  • 1932 – Errico Malatesta, Italian activist and author (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – Flo Ziegfeld, American actor and producer (b. 1867)
  • 1934John Dillinger, American gangster (b. 1903)
  • 1937Ted McDonald, Australian cricketer and footballer (b. 1891)
  • 1940George Fuller, Australian politician, 22nd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1861)
  • 1940 – Albert Young, American boxer and promoter (b. 1877)
  • 1948Rūdolfs Jurciņš, Latvian basketball player (b. 1909)
  • 1950William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian economist and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1958Mikhail Zoshchenko, Ukrainian-Russian soldier and author (b. 1895)
  • 1967Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (b. 1878)
  • 1968Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist and cartoonist (b. 1908)
  • 1970George Johnston, Australian journalist and author (b. 1912)
  • 1974Wayne Morse, American lawyer and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1979J. V. Cain, American football player (b. 1951)
  • 1979 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1929)
  • 1986Floyd Gottfredson, American author and illustrator (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Ede Staal, Dutch singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1987Fahrettin Kerim Gökay, Turkish physician and politician, Turkish Minister of Health (b. 1900)
  • 1990Manuel Puig, Argentinian author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1932)
  • 1990 – Eduard Streltsov, Soviet footballer (b. 1937)
  • 1992David Wojnarowicz, American painter, photographer, and activist (b. 1954)
  • 1995Harold Larwood, English-Australian cricketer (b. 1904)
  • 1996Rob Collins, English keyboard player (b. 1956)
  • 1998Fritz Buchloh, German footballer and coach (b. 1909)
  • 2000Eric Christmas, English-born Canadian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Raymond Lemieux, Canadian chemist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Claude Sautet, French director and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2001Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2004Sacha Distel, French singer and guitarist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2005Eugene Record, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
  • 2006Dika Newlin, American composer, singer-songwriter, and pianist (d. 1923)
  • 2006 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountaineer (b. 1965)
  • 2007Mike Coolbaugh, American baseball player and coach (b. 1972)
  • 2007 – Jarrod Cunningham, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1968)
  • 2007 – László Kovács, Hungarian-American director and cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (b. 1906)
  • 2008Estelle Getty, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2009Richard M. Givan, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Peter Krieg, German director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2010Kenny Guinn, American banker and politician, 27th Governor of Nevada (b. 1936)
  • 2011Linda Christian, Mexican-American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Cees de Wolf, Dutch footballer (b. 1945)
  • 2012Ding Guangen, Chinese engineer and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – George Armitage Miller, American psychologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Frank Pierson, American director and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2013Natalie de Blois, American architect, co-designed the Lever House (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Dennis Farina, American policeman and actor (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Lawrie Reilly, Scottish footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Rosalie E. Wahl, American lawyer and judge (b. 1924)
  • 2014Johann Breyer, German SS officer (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Louis Lentin, Irish director and producer (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Nitzan Shirazi, Israeli footballer and manager (b. 1971)
  • 2018Frank Havens, American canoeist (b. 1924)[13]

Holidays and observances

  • Birthday of the Late King Sobhuza (Swaziland)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abd-al-Masih
    • Joseph of Tiberias (or of Palestine)
    • Markella
    • Mary Magdalene
    • Nohra (Maronite Church)
    • July 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Parents' Day can fall, while 28 July is the latest; celebrated on the fourth Sunday in July. (United States)
  • National Press Day (Azerbaijan)
  • Pi Approximation Day, see also March 14
  • Ratcatcher's Day
  • Revolution Day (The Gambia)
  • Sarawak Self-government Day (Sarawak, Malaysia)

References

  1. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  12. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  13. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Template:NYT On this day
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".


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