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2021

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  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
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  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)
  2012 (Friday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".July 20 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 164 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • AD 70Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, storms the Fortress of Antonia north of the Temple Mount. The Roman army is drawn into street fights with the Zealots.
  • 792Kardam of Bulgaria defeats Byzantine Emperor Constantine VI at the Battle of Marcellae.
  • 911Rollo lays siege to Chartres.
  • 1189Richard I of England officially invested as Duke of Normandy.
  • 1225Treaty of San Germano is signed at San Germano between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX. A Dominican named Guala is responsible for the negotiations.
  • 1398 – The Battle of Kellistown was fought on this day between the forces of the English led by Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March against the O'Byrnes and O'Tooles under the command of Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach, the most powerful Chieftain in Leinster.
  • 1402 – Ottoman-Timurid Wars: Battle of Ankara: Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeats forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I.
  • 1592 – During the first Japanese invasion of Korea, Japanese forces led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, although they were ultimately unable to hold it.
  • 1715Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War: The Ottoman Empire captures Nauplia, the capital of the Republic of Venice's "Kingdom of the Morea", thereby opening the way to the swift Ottoman reconquest of the Morea.[1]
  • 1738 – Canadian explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.
  • 1799Tekle Giyorgis I begins his first of six reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1807Nicéphore Niépce is awarded a patent by Napoleon for the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, after it successfully powered a boat upstream on the river Saône in France.
  • 1810 – Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada declare independence from Spain.
  • 1831Seneca and Shawnee people agree to relinquish their land in western Ohio for 60,000 acres west of the Mississippi River.[2]
  • 1848 – The first Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, a two-day event, concludes.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek: Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman.
  • 1866Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa: The Austrian Navy, led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Italian Navy near the island of Vis in the Adriatic Sea.
  • 1871British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • 1885The Football Association legalizes professionalism in association football under pressure from the British Football Association.
  • 1903 – The Ford Motor Company ships its first automobile.
  • 1917World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1920 – The Greek Army takes control of Silivri after Greece is awarded the city by the Paris Peace Conference; by 1923 Greece effectively lost control to the Turks.
  • 1922 – The League of Nations awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom.
  • 1932 – In the Preußenschlag, German President Hindenburg places Prussia directly under the rule of the national government.
  • 1934 – Labor unrest in the U.S.: Police in Minneapolis fire upon striking truck drivers, during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, killing two and wounding sixty-seven.
  • 1934 – West Coast waterfront strike: In Seattle, police fire tear gas on and club 2,000 striking longshoremen. The governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to break a strike on the Portland docks.
  • 1935 – Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.
  • 1936 – The Montreux Convention is signed in Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime.
  • 1938 – The United States Department of Justice files suit in New York City against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948.
  • 1940 – Denmark leaves the League of Nations.
  • 1940 – California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
  • 1941Soviet leader Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to form the NKVD and names Lavrentiy Beria its chief.
  • 1944World War II: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.
  • 1949 – The Israel–Syria Mixed Armistice Commission brokers the last of four ceasefire agreements to end the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
  • 1950Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs.
  • 1951 – King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
  • 1954 – Germany: Otto John, head of West Germany's secret service, defects to East Germany.
  • 1960 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government.
  • 1960 – The Polaris missile is successfully launched from a submarine, the Template:Ship, for the first time.
  • 1961 – French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.
  • 1964Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Định Tường Province, Cái Bè, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of whom are children).
  • 1968 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.
  • 1969Apollo program: Apollo 11's crew successfully makes the first manned landing on the Moon in the Sea of Tranquility. Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans to walk on the Moon six and a half hours later.
  • 1969 – A cease fire is announced between Honduras and El Salvador, six days after the beginning of the "Football War".
  • 1974Turkish invasion of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a coup d'état, organised by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios.
  • 1976 – The American Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.
  • 1977 – The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind-control experiments.
  • 1977 – The Johnstown flood of 1977 kills 84 people and causes millions of dollars in damages.
  • 1982Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings: The Provisional IRA detonates two bombs in Hyde Park and Regent's Park in central London, killing eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and leading to the deaths of seven horses.
  • 1985 – The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • 1989Burma's ruling junta puts opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest.
  • 1992Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1997 – The fully restored Template:Ship (a.k.a. Old Ironsides) celebrates its 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • 1999 – The Chinese Communist Party begins a persecution campaign against Falun Gong, arresting thousands nationwide.
  • 2005 – The Civil Marriage Act legalizes same-sex marriage in Canada.
  • 2012James Holmes opened fire at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, killing 12 and injuring 70 others.
  • 2013 – Seventeen government soldiers are killed in an attack by FARC revolutionaries in the Colombian department of Arauca.
  • 2015 – A huge explosion in the mostly Kurdish border town of Suruç, Turkey, targeting the Socialist Youth Associations Federation, kills at least 31 people and injures over 100.
  • 2015 – The United States and Cuba resume full diplomatic relations after five decades.
  • 2017O. J. Simpson is granted parole to be released from prison after serving nine years of a 33-year sentence after being convicted of armed robbery in Las Vegas.

Births

  • 356 BCAlexander the Great, Macedonian king (d. 323 BC)
  • 682Taichō, Japanese monk and scholar (d. 767)
  • 1304Petrarch, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1374)
  • 1313John Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tibetot (d. 1367)
  • 1346Margaret, Countess of Pembroke, daughter of King Edward III of England (d. 1361)
  • 1470John Bourchier, 1st Earl of Bath, English noble (d. 1539)
  • 1519Pope Innocent IX (d. 1591)
  • 1537Arnaud d'Ossat, French cardinal (d. 1604)
  • 1583Alban Roe, English Benedictine martyr (d. 1642)
  • 1591Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher (d. 1643)
  • 1592Johan Björnsson Printz, governor of New Sweden (d. 1663)
  • 1601Robert Wallop, English politician (d. 1667)
  • 1620Nikolaes Heinsius the Elder, Dutch poet and scholar (d. 1681)
  • 1649William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (d. 1709)
  • 1754Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French philosopher and academic (d. 1836)
  • 1757Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian politician and diplomat (d. 1811)
  • 1762Jakob Haibel, Austrian tenor and composer (d. 1826)
  • 1774Auguste de Marmont, French general (d. 1852)
  • 1789Mahmud II, Ottoman sultan (d. 1839)
  • 1804Richard Owen, English biologist, anatomist, and paleontologist (d. 1892)
  • 1822Gregor Mendel, Austro-German monk, geneticist and botanist (d. 1884)
  • 1838Augustin Daly, American playwright and manager (d. 1899)
  • 1838 – William Paine Lord, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Oregon (d. 1911)
  • 1838 – Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, English civil servant and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (d. 1928)
  • 1847Max Liebermann, German painter and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1849Robert Anderson Van Wyck, American lawyer and politician, 91st Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)
  • 1852Theo Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1854Philomène Belliveau, Canadian artist (d. 1940)
  • 1864Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
  • 1864 – Ruggero Oddi, Italian physiologist and anatomist (d. 1913)
  • 1868Miron Cristea, Romanian cleric and politician, 38th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1939)
  • 1873Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian pilot (d. 1932)
  • 1876Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician and academic (d. 1944)
  • 1877Tom Crean, Irish sailor and explorer (d. 1938)
  • 1882Olga Hahn-Neurath, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (d. 1937)
  • 1889John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, Scottish broadcaster, co-founded BBC (d. 1971)
  • 1890Verna Felton, American actress (d. 1966)
  • 1890 – Julie Vinter Hansen, Danish-Swiss astronomer and academic (d. 1960)
  • 1890 – Giorgio Morandi, Italian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1893George Llewelyn Davies, English soldier (d. 1915)
  • 1895László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1946)
  • 1897Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1900Maurice Leyland, English cricketer and coach (d. 1967)
  • 1901Vehbi Koç, Turkish businessman and philanthropist, founded Koç Holding (d. 1996)
  • 1901 – Eugenio Lopez Sr., Filipino businessman and founder of the Lopez Group of Companies (d. 1975)
  • 1901 – Heinie Manush, American baseball player and manager (d. 1971)
  • 1902Leonidas Berry, American gastroenterologist (d. 1995)
  • 1905Joseph Levis, American foil fencer (d. 2005)
  • 1909Eric Rowan, South African cricketer (d. 1993)
  • 1910Vilém Tauský, Czech-English conductor and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1911Baqa Jilani, Indian cricketer (d. 1941)
  • 1911 – José Zabala-Santos, Filipino author and illustrator (d. 1985)
  • 1912George Johnston, Australian journalist and author (d. 1970)
  • 1914Dobri Dobrev, Bulgarian philanthropist (d. 2018)
  • 1914 – Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Ersilio Tonini, Italian cardinal (d. 2013)
  • 1918Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer (d. 2006)
  • 1919Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer and explorer (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Jacquemine Charrott Lodwidge, English writer (d. 2012)
  • 1920Elliot Richardson, American lieutenant and politician, 11th United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1999)
  • 1921Henri Alleg, English-French journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1922Alan Stephenson Boyd, American lawyer and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Transportation
  • 1923Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1924Lola Albright, American actress and singer (d. 2017)
  • 1924 – Thomas Berger, American author and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Mort Garson, Canadian-American songwriter and composer (d. 2008)
  • 1925Jacques Delors, French economist and politician, 8th President of the European Commission
  • 1925 – Frantz Fanon, French–Algerian psychiatrist and philosopher (d. 1961)
  • 1927Barbara Bergmann, American economist and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Heather Chasen, English actress (d. 2020)
  • 1927 – Michael Gielen, Austrian conductor and composer (d. 2019)
  • 1927 – Ian P. Howard, English-Canadian psychologist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1928Józef Czyrek, Polish economist and politician, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Belaid Abdessalam, Prime Minister of Algeria
  • 1929Hazel Hawke, Australian social worker and pianist, 23rd Spouse of the Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Mike Ilitch, American businessman, co-founded Little Caesars (d. 2017)
  • 1929 – Rajendra Kumar, Pakistani-Indian actor and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – David Tonkin, Australian politician, 38th Premier of South Australia (d. 2000)
  • 1930Giannis Agouris, Greek journalist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Chuck Daly, American basketball player and coach (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – William H. Goetzmann, American historian and author (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Sally Ann Howes, English-American singer and actress
  • 1931Tony Marsh, English race car driver (d. 2009)
  • 1932Nam June Paik, American artist (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Otto Schily, German lawyer and politician, German Minister of the Interior
  • 1933Buddy Knox, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Cormac McCarthy, American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Rex Williams, English snooker player
  • 1935Peter Palumbo, Baron Palumbo, English businessman and art collector
  • 1936Alistair MacLeod, Canadian novelist and short story writer (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Barbara Mikulski, American social worker and politician
  • 1938Deniz Baykal, Turkish lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
  • 1938 – Roger Hunt, English footballer
  • 1938 – Tony Oliva, Cuban-American baseball player and coach
  • 1938 – Diana Rigg, English actress
  • 1938 – Natalie Wood, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1939Judy Chicago, American painter and sculptor
  • 1941Don Chuy, American football player (d. 2014)
  • 1941 – Periklis Korovesis, Greek author and journalist (d. 2020)
  • 1941 – Kurt Raab, German actor, screenwriter, and production designer (d. 1988)
  • 1942Pete Hamilton, American race car driver (d. 2017)
  • 1943Chris Amon, New Zealand race car driver (d. 2016)
  • 1943 – Bob McNab, English footballer
  • 1943 – Adrian Păunescu, Romanian poet, journalist, and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1943 – Wendy Richard, English actress (d. 2009)
  • 1944Mel Daniels, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – W. Cary Edwards, American politician (d. 2010)
  • 1944 – Olivier de Kersauson, French sailor
  • 1944 – T. G. Sheppard, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1945Kim Carnes, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Larry Craig, American soldier and politician
  • 1945 – John Lodge, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1945 – Bo Rein, American football player and coach (d. 1980)
  • 1946Randal Kleiser, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1947Gerd Binnig, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Carlos Santana, Mexican-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948Muse Watson, American actor and producer
  • 1950Edward Leigh, English lawyer and politician
  • 1950 – Lucille Lemay, Canadian archer[3]
  • 1951Jeff Rawle, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1953Dave Evans, Welsh-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Thomas Friedman, American journalist and author
  • 1953 – Marcia Hines, American-Australian singer and actress
  • 1954Moira Harris, American actress
  • 1954 – Jay Jay French, American guitarist and producer
  • 1955Desmond Douglas, Jamaican-English table tennis player
  • 1955 – René-Daniel Dubois, Canadian actor and playwright
  • 1955 – Jem Finer, English banjo player and songwriter
  • 1956Paul Cook, English drummer
  • 1956 – Thomas N'Kono, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1956 – Jim Prentice, Canadian lawyer and politician, 16th Premier of Alberta (d. 2016)
  • 1958Mick MacNeil, Scottish keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1959Radney Foster, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1960Claudio Langes, Italian race car driver
  • 1960 – Prvoslav Vujčić, Serbian-Canadian poet and philosopher
  • 1960 – Sudesh Berry, Indian actor
  • 1961Óscar Elías Biscet, Cuban physician and activist, founded the Lawton Foundation
  • 1962Carlos Alazraqui, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Giovanna Amati, Italian race car driver
  • 1962 – Julie Bindel, English journalist, author, and academic
  • 1963Frank Whaley, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964Chris Cornell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1964 – Terri Irwin, American-Australian zoologist and author
  • 1964 – Sebastiano Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1964 – Bernd Schneider, German race car driver
  • 1965Jess Walter, American journalist and author
  • 1966Stone Gossard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Enrique Peña Nieto, Mexican lawyer and politician, 57th President of Mexico[4]
  • 1967Courtney Taylor-Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Jimmy Carson, American ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Hami Mandıralı, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Kool G Rap, American hip-hop artist
  • 1969Josh Holloway, American actor
  • 1969 – Kreso Kovacec, Croatian-German footballer
  • 1969 – Giovanni Lombardi, Italian cyclist
  • 1969 – Joon Park, South Korean-American singer
  • 1969 – Tobi Vail, American singer and guitarist
  • 1971Charles Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Sandra Oh, Canadian actress
  • 1972Jamie Ainscough, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Jozef Stümpel, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Erik Ullenhag, Swedish jurist and politician
  • 1972 – Vitamin C, American singer-songwriter
  • 1973Omar Epps, American actor
  • 1973 – Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
  • 1973 – Peter Forsberg, Swedish ice hockey player and manager
  • 1973 – Nixon McLean, Caribbean cricketer
  • 1973 – Roberto Orci, Mexican-American screenwriter and producer
  • 1973 – Claudio Reyna, American soccer player
  • 1975Ray Allen, American basketball player and actor
  • 1975 – Judy Greer, American actress and producer
  • 1975 – Erik Hagen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1975 – Birgitta Ohlsson, Swedish journalist and politician, 5th Swedish Minister for European Union Affairs
  • 1975 – Jason Raize, American singer and actor
  • 1975 – Yusuf Şimşek, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1976Erica Hill, American journalist
  • 1976 – Debashish Mohanty, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1976 – Andrew Stockdale, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Alex Yoong, Malaysian race car driver
  • 1977Kiki Musampa, Congolese footballer
  • 1977 – Yves Niaré, French shot putter (d. 2012)
  • 1977 – Alessandro Santos, Brazilian-Japanese footballer
  • 1978Pavel Datsyuk, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Will Solomon, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Elliott Yamin, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Ieva Zunda, Latvian runner and hurdler
  • 1979Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1979 – Charlotte Hatherley, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – David Ortega, Spanish swimmer
  • 1980Tesfaye Bramble, English-Montserratian footballer
  • 1980 – Gisele Bündchen, Brazilian model, fashionista, and businesswoman
  • 1981Viktoria Ladõnskaja, Estonian journalist and politician
  • 1982Antoine Vermette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984Alexi Casilla, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Matt Gilroy, American ice hockey player
  • 1985John Francis Daley, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1985 – Harley Morenstein, Canadian actor and YouTube personality[5]
  • 1985 – David Mundy, Australian footballer
  • 1986Osric Chau, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1987Nicola Benedetti, Scottish violinist[6]
  • 1987 – Niall McGinn, Irish footballer
  • 1988Julianne Hough, American singer-songwriter, actress, and dancer
  • 1988 – Stephen Strasburg, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Shahram Mahmoudi, Iranian volleyball player
  • 1989Javier Cortés, Mexican footballer
  • 1989 – Cristian Pasquato, Italian footballer
  • 1990Lars Unnerstall, German footballer
  • 1991Chiyoshōma Fujio, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1991 – Ryan James, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Kira Kazantsev, Miss America 2015
  • 1991 – Philipp Reiter, German mountaineer and runner
  • 1993Steven Adams, New Zealand basketball player[7]
  • 1995Moses Leota, New Zealand rugby league player[8]
  • 1996Ben Simmons, Australian basketball player[9]

Deaths

  • 518Amantius, Byzantine grand chamberlain and Monophysite martyr
  • 833Ansegisus, Frankish abbot and saint
  • 985Boniface VII, antipope of Rome
  • 1031Robert II, king of France (b. 972)
  • 1156Toba, emperor of Japan (b. 1103)
  • 1320Oshin, king of Armenia (b. 1282)
  • 1332Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland
  • 1387Robert IV, French nobleman (b. 1356)
  • 1398Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, Welsh nobleman (b. 1374)
  • 1453Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French historian and author (b. 1400)
  • 1454John II, king of Castile and León (b. 1405)
  • 1514György Dózsa, Transylvanian peasant revolt leader (b. 1470)
  • 1524Claude, queen consort of France (b. 1499)
  • 1526García Jofre de Loaísa, Spanish explorer (b. 1490)
  • 1600William More, English courtier (b. 1520)
  • 1616Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Irish nobleman and rebel soldier (b. 1550)
  • 1704Peregrine White, English-American farmer and soldier (b. 1620)
  • 1752Johann Christoph Pepusch, German-English composer and theorist (b. 1667)
  • 1816Gavrila Derzhavin, Russian poet and politician (b. 1743)
  • 1866Bernhard Riemann, German mathematician and academic (b. 1826)
  • 1897Jean Ingelow, English poet and author (b. 1820)
  • 1901William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (b. 1840)
  • 1903Leo XIII, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1810)
  • 1908Demetrius Vikelas, Greek businessman and author (b. 1835)
  • 1908 – Karl Bernhard Zoeppritz, German geophysicist and seismologist (b. 1881)
  • 1910Anderson Dawson, Australian politician, 14th Premier of Queensland (b. 1863)
  • 1922Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1856)
  • 1923Pancho Villa, Mexican general and politician, Governor of Chihuahua (b. 1878)
  • 1926Felix Dzerzhinsky, Russian educator and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1927Ferdinand I, king of Romania (b. 1865)
  • 1928Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet and author (b. 1896)
  • 1932René Bazin, French author and academic (b. 1853)
  • 1937Olga Hahn-Neurath, Austrian mathematician and philosopher from the Vienna Circle (b. 1882)
  • 1937 – Guglielmo Marconi, Italian physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1941Lew Fields, American actor and producer (b. 1867)
  • 1944Ludwig Beck, German general (b. 1880)
  • 1945Paul Valéry, French author and poet (b. 1871)
  • 1951Abdullah I, king of Jordan (b. 1882)
  • 1953Dumarsais Estimé, Haitian lawyer and politician, 33rd President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • 1953 – Jan Struther, English author and hymn-writer (b. 1901)
  • 1955Calouste Gulbenkian, Armenian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1869)
  • 1956James Alexander Calder, Canadian educator and politician, Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence (b. 1868)
  • 1959William D. Leahy, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to France (b. 1875)
  • 1965Batukeshwar Dutt, Indian activist (b. 1910)
  • 1968Bray Hammond, American historian and author (b. 1886)
  • 1970Iain Macleod, English journalist and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1913)
  • 1972Geeta Dutt, Indian singer and actress (b. 1930)
  • 1973Bruce Lee, American actor and martial artist (b. 1940)
  • 1973 – Robert Smithson, American photographer and sculptor (b. 1938)
  • 1974Allen Jenkins, American actor and singer (b. 1900)
  • 1974 – Kamal Dasgupta, Bengali music director, composer and folk artist. (b. 1912)
  • 1976Joseph Rochefort, American captain and cryptanalyst (b. 1900)
  • 1977Gary Kellgren, American record producer, co-founded Record Plant (b. 1939)
  • 1980Maria Martinez, San Ildefonso Pueblo (Native American) potter (b. 1887)
  • 1981Kostas Choumis, Greek-Romanian footballer (b. 1913)
  • 1983Frank Reynolds, American soldier and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 1987Richard Egan, American soldier and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1989Forrest H. Anderson, American judge and politician, 17th Governor of Montana (b. 1913)
  • 1990Herbert Turner Jenkins, American police officer (b. 1907)
  • 1993Vince Foster, American lawyer and political figure (b. 1945)
  • 1994Paul Delvaux, Belgian painter (b. 1897)
  • 1997M. E. H. Maharoof, Sri Lankan politician (b. 1939)
  • 1998June Byers, American wrestler (b. 1922)
  • 1999Sandra Gould, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2002Michalis Kritikopoulos, Greek footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2003Nicolas Freeling, English author (b. 1927)
  • 2004Lala Mara, Fijian politician (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Valdemaras Martinkėnas, Lithuanian footballer and coach (b. 1965)
  • 2005James Doohan, Canadian-American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Finn Gustavsen, Norwegian journalist and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Kayo Hatta, American director and cinematographer (b. 1958)
  • 2006Ted Grant, South African-English theorist and activist (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Gérard Oury, French actor, director, and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2007Tammy Faye Messner, American Christian evangelist and talk show host (b. 1942)
  • 2008Artie Traum, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2008 – Dinko Šakić, Croatian concentration camp commander (b. 1921)[10]
  • 2009Vedat Okyar, Turkish footballer (b. 1945)
  • 2009 – Mark Rosenzweig, American psychologist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2011Lucian Freud, German-English painter and illustrator (b. 1922)
  • 2012Alastair Burnet, English journalist (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Jack Davis, American hurdler (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – José Hermano Saraiva, Portuguese historian, jurist, and politician, Portuguese Minister of Education (b. 1919)
  • 2013Pierre Fabre, French pharmacist and businessman, founded Laboratoires Pierre Fabre (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Khurshed Alam Khan, Indian politician, 2nd Governor of Goa (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Augustus Rowe, Canadian physician and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Helen Thomas, American journalist and author (b. 1920)[11]
  • 2014Victor G. Atiyeh, American businessman and politician, 32nd Governor of Oregon (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Constantin Lucaci, Romanian sculptor and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Bob McNamara, American football player (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Klaus Schmidt, German archaeologist and academic (b. 1953)
  • 2015Wayne Carson, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Fred Else, English footballer and manager (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Dieter Moebius, Swiss-German keyboard player and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2016Radu Beligan, Romanian actor, director, and essayist (b. 1918)
  • 2017Chester Bennington, American singer (b. 1976)

Holidays and observances

  • Birthday of Crown Prince Haakon Magnus (Norway)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Ansegisus
    • Apollinaris of Ravenna
    • Aurelius
    • Ealhswith (or Elswith)
    • Elijah
    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Amelia Bloomer, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Ross Tubman (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • John Baptist Yi (one of The Korean Martyrs)
    • Margaret the Virgin
    • Thorlac (relic translation)
    • Wilgefortis (cult suppressed)
    • July 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Día del Amigo (Argentina, Brazil)
  • Engineer's Day (Costa Rica)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence declaration of Colombia from Spain in 1810.
  • International Chess Day
  • Lempira Day (Honduras)
  • Tree Planting Day (Central African Republic)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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