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Events

  • 477 BCBattle of the Cremera as part of the Roman–Etruscan Wars. Veii ambushes and defeats the Roman army.[1]
  • 387 BC[2]Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia: A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.[3]
  • 362Roman–Persian Wars: Emperor Julian arrives at Antioch with a Roman expeditionary force (60,000 men) and stays there for nine months to launch a campaign against the Persian Empire.
  • 452Sack of Aquileia: After an earlier defeat on the Catalaunian Plains, Attila lays siege to the metropolis of Aquileia and eventually destroys it.[4]
  • 645 – Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War.
  • 1195Battle of Alarcos: Almohad forces defeat the Castilian army of Alfonso VIII and force its retreat to Toledo.
  • 1290 – King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B'Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities.[5]
  • 1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.[6]
  • 1389France and England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13-year peace, the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1391Tokhtamysh–Timur war: Battle of the Kondurcha River: Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present-day southeast Russia.
  • 1507 – In Brussels, Prince Charles I, is crowned Duke of Burgundy and Count of Flanders[7], a year after inheriting the title.
  • 1555 – The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain.
  • 1806 – A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, kills around 200 people.[8]
  • 1812 – The Treaties of Orebro end both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars.[9]
  • 1841 – Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.[10]
  • 1857Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • 1862 – First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
  • 1863American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner: One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.
  • 1870 – The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.
  • 1872 – The Ballot Act 1872 in the United Kingdom introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections be held by secret ballot.[11]
  • 1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
  • 1925Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.
  • 1936 – On the Spanish mainland, a faction of the army supported by fascists, rises up against the Second Spanish Republic in a coup d'état[12] starting the 3-year-long Civil War, resulting in the longest dictatorship in modern European history.
  • 1942World War II: During the Beisfjord massacre in Norway, 15 Norwegian paramilitary guards help members of the SS to kill 288 political prisoners from Yugoslavia.
  • 1942 – The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me 262 using its jet engines for the first time.
  • 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tōjō resigns as Prime Minister of Japan because of numerous setbacks in the war effort.
  • 1966Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle.
  • 1966 – A racially charged incident in a bar sparks the six-day Hough riots in Cleveland, Ohio; 1,700 Ohio National Guard troops intervene to restore order.
  • 1968Intel is founded in Mountain View, California.
  • 1976Nadia Comăneci becomes the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • 1982 – Two hundred sixty-eight Guatemalan campesinos ("peasants" or "country people") are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre.
  • 1984McDonald's massacre in San Ysidro, California: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.
  • 1992 – A picture of Les Horribles Cernettes was taken, which became the first ever photo posted to the World Wide Web.
  • 1994 – The bombing of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentine Jewish Community Center) in Buenos Aires kills 85 people (mostly Jewish) and injures 300.
  • 1994 – Rwandan genocide: The Rwandan Patriotic Front takes control of Gisenyi and north western Rwanda, forcing the interim government into Zaire and ending the genocide.
  • 1995 – On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufrière Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital, forcing most of the population to flee.
  • 1996 – Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebec's costliest natural disasters ever.
  • 1996 – Battle of Mullaitivu: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam capture the Sri Lanka Army's base, killing over 1200 soldiers.
  • 2012 – At least seven people are killed and 32 others are injured after a bomb explodes on an Israeli tour bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria.
  • 2013 – The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.
  • 2019 – A man sets fire to an anime studio in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, killing at least 35 people and injuring dozens of others.[13][14]

Births

  • 1013Hermann of Reichenau, German composer, mathematician, and astronomer (b. 1013)[15]
  • 1501Isabella of Austria, queen of Denmark (d. 1526)[16]
  • 1504Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss pastor and reformer (d. 1575)[17]
  • 1534Zacharius Ursinus, German theologian (d. 1583)[18]
  • 1552Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1612)[19]
  • 1634Johannes Camphuys, Dutch politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1695)
  • 1659Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1670Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1747)
  • 1702Maria Clementina Sobieska, Polish noble (d. 1735)
  • 1718Saverio Bettinelli, Italian poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1808)
  • 1720Gilbert White, English ornithologist and ecologist (d. 1793)[20]
  • 1724Maria Antonia of Bavaria, Electress of Saxony (d. 1780)
  • 1750Frederick Adolf, duke of Östergötland (d. 1803)
  • 1796Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher and academic (d. 1879)
  • 1811William Makepeace Thackeray, English author and poet (d. 1863)
  • 1818Louis Gerhard De Geer, Swedish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1896)
  • 1821Pauline Viardot, French soprano and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1837Vasil Levski, Bulgarian priest and activist (d. 1873)
  • 1843Virgil Earp, American marshal (d. 1905)
  • 1845Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • 1848W. G. Grace, English cricketer and physician (d. 1915)
  • 1853Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1861Kadambini Ganguly, Indian physician, one of the first Indian women to obtain a degree (d. 1923)[21]
  • 1864Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1937)
  • 1867Margaret Brown, American philanthropist and activist (d. 1932)
  • 1871Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (d.1958)
  • 1871 – Sada Yacco, Japanese actress and dancer (d. 1946)
  • 1881Larry McLean, Canadian-American baseball player (d. 1921)
  • 1884Alberto di Jorio, Italian cardinal (d. 1979)
  • 1886Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., American general (d. 1945)
  • 1887Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian military officer and politician, Minister President of Norway (d. 1945)
  • 1889Kōichi Kido, Japanese politician, 13th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan (d. 1977)
  • 1890Frank Forde, Australian educator and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)
  • 1892Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian footballer (d. 1969)
  • 1893David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, soldier and courtier (d. 1968)
  • 1895Olga Spessivtseva, Russian-American ballerina (d. 1991)
  • 1895 – Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (d. 1954)
  • 1897Ernest Eldridge, English race car driver and engineer (d. 1935)
  • 1898John Stuart, Scottish-English actor (d. 1979)
  • 1899Ernst Scheller, German soldier and politician, 8th Mayor of Marburg (d. 1942)
  • 1900Nathalie Sarraute, French lawyer and author (d. 1999)
  • 1902Jessamyn West, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1902 – Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1905Robert Elton Brooker, American business executive (d. 2000)
  • 1906S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American academic and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1963)
  • 1908Peace Pilgrim, American mystic and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican-American actress and dancer (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Beatrice Aitchison, American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist (d. 1997)
  • 1909Bishnu Dey, Indian poet, critic, and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1909 – Andrei Gromyko, Belarusian-Russian economist and politician, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan commander and politician, 1st President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1910Diptendu Pramanick, Indian businessman (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Mamadou Dia, Senegalese politician; 1st Prime Minister of Senegal (d. 2009)
  • 1911Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1913Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1914Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Oscar Heisserer, French footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1915Carequinha, Brazilian clown and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Roxana Cannon Arsht, American judge (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Louis Le Bailly, British Royal Navy officer (d. 2010)
  • 1916Charles Kittel, American physicist (d. 2019)
  • 1917Henri Salvador, French singer and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Paul Streeten, Austrian-born British economics professor (d. 2019)
  • 1918Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1919Lilia Dale, Italian actress
  • 1920Eric Brandon, English race car driver and businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1921Peter Austin, English brewer, founded Ringwood Brewery (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Aaron T. Beck, American psychiatrist and academic
  • 1921 – John Glenn, American colonel, astronaut, and politician (d. 2016)[22]
  • 1921 – Richard Leacock, English-French director and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1921 – Heinz Bennent, German actor (d. 2011)
  • 1922Thomas Kuhn, American physicist, historian, and philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Michael Medwin, English actor (d. 2020)
  • 1924Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Tullio Altamura, Italian actor
  • 1925Shirley Strickland, Australian runner and hurdler (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Friedrich Zimmermann, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Raymond Jones, Australian Modernist architect
  • 1925 – Windy McCall, American baseball relief pitcher (d. 2015)
  • 1926Margaret Laurence, Canadian author and academic (d. 1987)
  • 1926 – Nita Bieber, American actress (d. 2019)
  • 1926 – Bernard Pons, French politician and medical doctor
  • 1926 – Maunu Kurkvaara, Finnish film director and screenwriter
  • 1927Mehdi Hassan, Pakistani ghazal singer and playback singer (d. 2012)
  • 1927 – Kurt Masur, German conductor and educator (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Antonio García-Trevijano, Spanish republican, political activist, and author (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Keith MacDonald, Canadian politician
  • 1927 – Anthony Mirra, American gangster, member of the Bonanno Crime Family (d. 1982)
  • 1928Andrea Gallo, Italian priest and author (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Baddiewinkle, American internet personality
  • 1929Dick Button, American figure skater and actor
  • 1929 – Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American R&B singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (d. 2000)
  • 1932Robert Ellis Miller, American director and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1933Jean Yanne, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet and playwright (d. 2017)
  • 1934Edward Bond, English director, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1934 – Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1935Tenley Albright, American figure skater and physician
  • 1935 – Jayendra Saraswathi, Indian guru, 69th Shankaracharya
  • 1937Roald Hoffmann, Polish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1938John Connelly, English footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboard player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1938 – Paul Verhoeven, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1939Brian Auger, English rock and jazz keyboard player
  • 1939 – Dion DiMucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1939 – Jerry Moore, American football player and coach
  • 1940James Brolin, American actor
  • 1940 – Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941Frank Farian, German songwriter and producer
  • 1941 – Lonnie Mack, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Martha Reeves, American singer and politician
  • 1942Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician, 84th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1943Joseph J. Ellis, American historian and author
  • 1944David Hemery, English hurdler and author[23]
  • 1945Pat Doherty, Irish Republican politician
  • 1946Kalpana Mohan, Indian actress
  • 1946 – John Naughton, Scottish-Irish journalist, author, and academic
  • 1947Steve Forbes, American publisher and politician
  • 1948Carlos Colón Sr., Puerto Rican-American wrestler and promoter
  • 1948 – Jeanne Córdova, American journalist and activist (d. 2016)
  • 1948 – Graham Spanier, 16th President of Pennsylvania State University
  • 1948 – Hartmut Michel, German biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949Dennis Lillee, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1950Richard Branson, English businessman, founded Virgin Group
  • 1950 – Jack Dongarra, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1950 – Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
  • 1950 – Glenn Hughes, American disco singer and actor (d. 2001)
  • 1950 – Jack Layton, Canadian political scientist, academic, and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1950 – Mark Udall, American educator and politician
  • 1951Elio Di Rupo, Belgian chemist, academic, and politician, 68th Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1951 – Margo Martindale, American actress
  • 1954Ricky Skaggs, American singer-songwriter, mandolin player, and producer
  • 1955Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1957Nick Faldo, English golfer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Keith Levene, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960Simon Heffer, English journalist and author
  • 1961Elizabeth McGovern, American actress
  • 1961 – Alan Pardew, English footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Pasi Rautiainen, Finnish footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1962Shaun Micallef, Australian comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963Marc Girardelli, Austrian-Luxembourgian skier
  • 1963 – Martín Torrijos, Panamanian economist and politician, 35th President of Panama
  • 1964Wendy Williams, American talk show host
  • 1965Vesselina Kasarova, Bulgarian soprano
  • 1966Dan O'Brien, American decathlete and coach
  • 1967Vin Diesel, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter[24]
  • 1968Grant Bowler, New Zealand-Australian actor
  • 1968 – Scott Gourley, Australian rugby player
  • 1969Elizabeth Gilbert, American author
  • 1969 – The Great Sasuke, Japanese wrestler and politician
  • 1971Penny Hardaway, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971 – Sukhwinder Singh, Indian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1974Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1975Torii Hunter, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Daron Malakian, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – M.I.A., English rapper and producer[25]
  • 1976Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
  • 1976 – Go Soo-hee, South Korean actress
  • 1977Alexander Morozevich, Russian chess player and author
  • 1978Adabel Guerrero, Argentinian actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1978 – Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Crystal Mangum, American murderer responsible for making false rape allegations in the Duke lacrosse case[26][27]
  • 1978 – Joo Sang-wook, South Korean actor
  • 1978 – Ben Sheets, American baseball player and coach
  • 1978 – Mélissa Theuriau, French journalist
  • 1979Deion Branch, American football player
  • 1979 – Joey Mercury, American wrestler and producer
  • 1980Kristen Bell, American actress[28]
  • 1981Dennis Seidenberg, German ice hockey player
  • 1982Ryan Cabrera, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1982 – Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress, singer, and film producer
  • 1982 – Carlo Costly, Honduran footballer
  • 1983Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1983 – Aaron Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1983 – Mikk Pahapill, Estonian decathlete
  • 1983 – Jan Schlaudraff, German footballer
  • 1985Chace Crawford, American actor
  • 1985 – Panagiotis Lagos, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – James Norton, English actor
  • 1986Natalia Mikhailova, Russian ice dancer
  • 1987Tontowi Ahmad, Indonesian badminton player[29]
  • 1988Änis Ben-Hatira, German-Tunisian footballer
  • 1988 – César Villaluz, Mexican footballer
  • 1989Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Sebastian Mielitz, German footballer
  • 1989 – Yohan Mollo, French footballer
  • 1993Lee Tae-min, South Korean singer and actor[30]
  • 1993 – Michael Lichaa, Australian rugby league player[31]
  • 1994Nilo Soares, East Timorese footballer[32]
  • 1996Smriti Mandhana, Indian cricketer[33]
  • 1997Noah Lyles, American sprinter[34]
  • 2001Agustina Roth, Argentine BMX rider[35]

Deaths

  • 707Emperor Monmu of Japan (b. 683)
  • 715Muhammad bin Qasim, Umayyad general (b. 695)
  • 912Zhu Wen, Chinese emperor (b. 852)
  • 924Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat, Abbasid vizier (b. 855)
  • 928Stephen II, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 984Dietrich I, bishop of Metz[36]
  • 1100Godfrey of Bouillon, Frankish knight (b. 1016)
  • 1185Stefan, first Archbishop of Uppsala (b. before 1143)
  • 1194Guy of Lusignan, king consort of Jerusalem (b. c. 1150)
  • 1232John de Braose, Marcher Lord of Bramber and Gower
  • 1270Boniface of Savoy, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1300Gerard Segarelli, Italian religious leader, founded the Apostolic Brethren (b. 1240)
  • 1450Francis I, Duke of Brittany (b. 1414)
  • 1488Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1566Bartolomé de las Casas, Spanish bishop and historian (b. 1484)
  • 1591Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)
  • 1608Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
  • 1610Caravaggio, Italian painter (b. 1571)
  • 1639Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
  • 1650Robert Levinz, English Royalist, hanged in London by Parliamentary forces as a spy (b. 1615)[37]
  • 1695Johannes Camphuys, Dutch politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1634)
  • 1698Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian and author (b. 1633)
  • 1721Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)
  • 1730François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, French general (b. 1644)
  • 1756Pieter Langendijk, Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1683)
  • 1792John Paul Jones, Scottish-American admiral and diplomat (b. 1747)
  • 1817Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)[38]
  • 1837Vincenzo Borg, Maltese merchant and rebel leader (b. 1777)
  • 1863Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (b. 1837)
  • 1872Benito Juárez, Mexican lawyer and politician, 26th President of Mexico (b. 1806)
  • 1884Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist and academic (b. 1829)
  • 1887Dorothea Dix, American social reformer and activist (b. 1802)
  • 1890Lydia Becker, English journalist, author, and activist, co-founded the Women's Suffrage Journal (b. 1827)
  • 1892Thomas Cook, English travel agent, founded the Thomas Cook Group (b. 1808)
  • 1899Horatio Alger, American novelist and journalist (b. 1832)
  • 1916Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author (b. 1835)
  • 1925Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Canadian cardinal (b. 1840)
  • 1932Jean Jules Jusserand, French author and diplomat, French Ambassador to the United States (b. 1855)
  • 1937Julian Bell, English poet and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1938Marie of Romania (b. 1875)
  • 1944Thomas Sturge Moore, English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1870)
  • 1947Evald Tipner, Estonian footballer and ice hockey player (b. 1906)
  • 1948Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian, academic, and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1949Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer and educator (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Francisco Javier Arana, Guatemalan Army colonel and briefly Guatemalan head of state (b.1905)
  • 1950Carl Clinton Van Doren, American critic and biographer (b. 1885)
  • 1952Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect and historian (b. 1862)
  • 1954Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (b. 1895)
  • 1966Bobby Fuller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1968Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1969Mary Jo Kopechne, American educator and secretary (b. 1940)
  • 1973Jack Hawkins, English actor (b. 1910)
  • 1975Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator (b. 1941)
  • 1981Sonja Branting-Westerståhl, Swedish lawyer (b. 1890)[39]
  • 1982Roman Jakobson, Russian–American linguist and theorist (b. 1896)
  • 1984Lally Bowers, English actress (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Grigori Kromanov, Estonian director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 1987Gilberto Freyre, Brazilian sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer, painter, journalist and congressman (b. 1907)
  • 1988Nico, German singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and actress (b. 1938)
  • 1988 – Joly Braga Santos, Portuguese composer and conductor (b. 1924)
  • 1989Donnie Moore, American baseball player (b. 1954)
  • 1989 – Rebecca Schaeffer, American model and actress (b. 1967)[40]
  • 1990Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Yun Posun, South Korean politician, 2nd President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 2001Mimi Fariña, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 2002Metin Toker, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1924)
  • 2004André Castelot, Belgian-French historian and author (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Émile Peynaud, French wine maker (b. 1912)
  • 2005Amy Gillett, Australian cyclist and rower (b. 1976)
  • 2005 – William Westmoreland, American general (b. 1914)
  • 2006Henry Hewes, American theater writer (b. 1917)[41]
  • 2007Jerry Hadley, American tenor (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2009Henry Allingham, English soldier (b. 1896)[42]
  • 2009 – Jill Balcon, English actress (b. 1925)
  • 2012Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Lithuanian-Israeli rabbi and author (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Jean François-Poncet, French politician and diplomat, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Dawoud Rajiha, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Assef Shawkat, Syrian general and politician (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Hasan Turkmani, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor (b. 1942)
  • 2013Vaali, Indian poet, songwriter, and actor (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and academic (b. 1953)
  • 2014Andreas Biermann, German footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2014 – João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Dietmar Schönherr, Austrian-Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2015Alex Rocco, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2018Jonathan Gold, American food critic (b. 1960)[43]
  • 2018 – Adrian Cronauer, American radio personality (b. 1938)[44]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Arnulf of Metz
    • Bartolomé de las Casas (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Bruno of Segni
    • Camillus de Lellis (optional memorial, United States only)
    • Eadburh (or Edburga) of Bicester
    • Elizabeth Ferard (Church of England)
    • Frederick of Utrecht
    • Goneri of Brittany
    • Gundenis
    • Marina of Aguas Santas
    • Maternus of Milan
    • Minnborinus of Cologne
    • Pambo
    • Philastrius (or Filaster)
    • Symphorosa
    • Teneu (or Theneva)
    • Theodosia of Constantinople
    • July 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Uruguay)
  • Nelson Mandela International Day

References

  1. Livy, VI.1; Plutarch, Camillus IX; Tacitus, Histories II.91; Ovid gives a different date of 13 February in the Fasti, II.195-6
  2. An alternative year of 390 BC was traditionally favoured
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  17. https://data.bnf.fr/en/12029437/heinrich_bullinger/
  18. https://data.bnf.fr/en/12111417/zacharias_ursinus/
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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