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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".July 14 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 170 days remain until the end of the year.

The date is most famously associated with the Storming of the Bastille in Paris, the event which escalated widespread unrest into the French Revolution. Bastille Day (Fr. Fête nationale) remains a day of national celebration in France.

Events

pre-20th century

  • 1223Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II.[1]
  • 1420Battle of Vítkov Hill, decisive victory of Czech Hussite forces commanded by Jan Žižka against Crusade army led by Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor.[2]
  • 1769An expedition led by Gaspar de Portolá leaves its base in California and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).[3]
  • 1771 – Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.[4]
  • 1789Storming of the Bastille in Paris. This event escalates the widespread discontent into the French Revolution.[5] Bastille Day is still celebrated annually in France.[6]
  • 1790 – Inaugural Fête de la Fédération is held to celebrate the unity of the French people and the national reconciliation.[7]
  • 1791 – Beginning of Priestley Riots (to 17 July) in Birmingham targeting Joseph Priestley as a supporter of the French Revolution.[8]
  • 1798 – The Sedition Act of 1798 becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.[9]
  • 1853 – Opening of the first major US world's fair, the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York City.[10]
  • 1865First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
  • 1874Chicago Fire of 1874 burns down 47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20, and resulting in the fire insurance industry demanding municipal reforms from Chicago's city council.
  • 1877Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began in Martinsburg, West Virginia, when wages of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers were cut for the third time in a year. The strike was ended on Sept 4 by local and state militias, and federal troops.
  • 1881 – American outlaw Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in the Maxwell House at Fort Sumner, New Mexico.[11]
  • 1900 – Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.

post-19th century

  • 1902The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1911Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright brothers, lands his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House. He is later awarded a Gold medal from U.S. President William Howard Taft for this feat.
  • 1915 – Beginning of the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British official Henry McMahon concerning the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1916Battle of Delville Wood begins as an action within the Battle of the Somme, lasting until 3 September 1916.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1933 – In a decree called the Gleichschaltung, Hitler abolishes all German political parties except the Nazis.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1933 – Nazi eugenics programme begins with the proclamation of the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring requiring the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who suffers from alleged genetic disorders.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1943 – In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
  • 1948Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot and wounded near the Italian Parliament.
  • 1950Battle of Taejon in the Korean War.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1957Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
  • 1958 – In the 14 July Revolution in Iraq, the monarchy is overthrown by popular forces led by Abd al-Karim Qasim, who becomes the nation's new leader.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1960Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her study of chimpanzees in the wild.
  • 1965Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
  • 1976 – Abolition of capital punishment in Canada.
  • 2013 – Dedication of statue of Rachel Carson, a sculpture named for the environmentalist, in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 2015NASA's New Horizons probe performs the first flyby of Pluto, and thus completes the initial survey of the Solar System.

Births

pre-19th century

  • 0926Murakami, emperor of Japan (d. 967)
  • 1410Arnold, Duke of Guelders, (d. 1473)
  • 1454Poliziano, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1494)
  • 1515Philip I, Duke of Pomerania (d. 1560)
  • 1602Cardinal Jules Mazarin, Italian-French cardinal and politician, chief minister of France from 5 December 1642 to 9 March 1661 (d. 1661)[12]
  • 1608George Goring, Lord Goring, English general (d. 1657)
  • 1610Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634Pasquier Quesnel, French priest and theologian (d. 1719)[13]
  • 1671Jacques d'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French general (d. 1747)
  • 1696William Oldys, English historian and author (d. 1761)[14]
  • 1721John Douglas, Scottish bishop and scholar (d. 1807)
  • 1743Gavrila Derzhavin, Russian poet and politician (d. 1816)
  • 1755Michel de Beaupuy, French general (d. 1796)
  • 1785Mordecai Manuel Noah, American journalist, playwright, and diplomat (d. 1851)

19th century

  • 1801Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist and anatomist (d. 1858)
  • 1816Arthur de Gobineau, French author and diplomat (d. 1882)
  • 1829Edward Benson, English archbishop (d. 1896)
  • 1859Willy Hess, German violinist and educator (d. 1928)
  • 1861Kate M. Gordon, American activist (d. 1931)
  • 1862Florence Bascom, American geologist and educator (d. 1945)[15]
  • 1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and illustrator (d. 1918)[16]
  • 1865Arthur Capper, American journalist and politician, 20th Governor of Kansas (d. 1951)
  • 1866Juliette Wytsman, Belgian painter (d. 1925)
  • 1868Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist and spy (d. 1926)
  • 1872Albert Marque, French sculptor and doll maker (d. 1939)
  • 1874Abbas II of Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1874 – Crawford Vaughan, Australian politician, 27th Premier of South Australia (d. 1947)
  • 1878Donald Meek, Scottish actor (d. 1946)
  • 1885Sisavang Vong, Laotian king (d. 1959)
  • 1888Scipio Slataper, Italian author and critic (d. 1915)
  • 1889Marco de Gastyne, French painter and illustrator (d. 1982)
  • 1889 – Ante Pavelic, Croatian fascist dictator during World War II (d. 1959)
  • 1893Clarence J. Brown, American publisher and politician, 36th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Garimella Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author (d. 1952)
  • 1894Dave Fleischer, American animator, director, and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1896Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish soldier and anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1898Happy Chandler, American lawyer and politician, 49th Governor of Kentucky, second Commissioner of Baseball (d. 1991)

1901–1920

  • 1901Gerald Finzi, English composer and academic (d. 1956)
  • 1901 – George Tobias, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1903Irving Stone, American author and educator (d. 1989)
  • 1906Tom Carvel, Greek-American businessman, founded Carvel (d. 1990)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1906 – William H. Tunner, American general (d. 1983)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1907Chico Landi, Brazilian race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1910William Hanna, American animator, director, producer, and actor, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (d. 2001)
  • 1911Pavel Prudnikau, Belarusian poet and author (d. 2000)
  • 1912Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1967)
  • 1912 – Buddy Moreno, American musician (d. 2015)
  • 1913Gerald Ford, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 1914Fred Fox, French musician (d. 2019)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1918Ingmar Bergman, Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Arthur Laurents, American director, screenwriter, and playwright (d. 2011)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1918 – Jay Wright Forrester, American computer engineer and systems scientist (d. 2016)
  • 1920Shankarrao Chavan, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Finance (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Marijohn Wilkin, American country and gospel songwriter (d. 2006)

1921–1930

  • 1921Sixto Durán Ballén, American-Ecuadorian architect and politician, 48th President of Ecuador (d. 2016)
  • 1921 – Leon Garfield, English author (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Armand Gaudreault, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1922Robin Olds, American general and pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, German SS officer (d. 2018)
  • 1922 – Käbi Laretei, Estonian-Swedish concert pianist (d. 2014)
  • 1923René Favaloro, Argentine surgeon and cardiologist (d. 2000)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1923 – Dale Robertson, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Robert Zildjian, American businessman, founded Sabian (d. 2013)
  • 1924Warren Giese, American football player, coach, and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1925Bruce L. Douglas, American politician
  • 1926Wallace Jones, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor, musician, and singer (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Himayat Ali Shair, Urdu poet (d. 2019)
  • 1927John Chancellor, American journalist (d. 1996)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1927 – Mike Esposito, American author and illustrator (d. 2010)
  • 1928Nancy Olson, American actress
  • 1928 – William Rees-Mogg, English journalist and public servant (d. 2012)[17]
  • 1930Polly Bergen, American actress and singer (d. 2014)[18]
  • 1930 – Benoît Sinzogan, Beninese military officer and politician

1931–1940

  • 1931Jacqueline de Ribes, French fashion designer and philanthropist
  • 1931 – E. V. Thompson, English police officer and author (d. 2012)
  • 1932Rosey Grier, American football player and actor
  • 1932 – Del Reeves, American country singer-songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1933Robert Bourassa, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Premier of Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Dumaagiin Sodnom, Mongolian politician; 13th Prime Minister of Mongolia
  • 1936Robert F. Overmyer, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1996)
  • 1937Yoshiro Mori, Japanese journalist and politician, 55th Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1938Jerry Rubin, American activist, author, and businessman (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Tommy Vig, Hungarian vibraphone player, drummer, and composer
  • 1939Karel Gott, Czech singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2019)
  • 1939 – George Edgar Slusser, American scholar and author (d. 2014)
  • 1940Susan Howatch, English author and academic

1941–1960

  • 1941Maulana Karenga, American philosopher, author, and activist, created Kwanzaa
  • 1941 – Andreas Khol, German-Austrian lawyer and politician
  • 1942Javier Solana, Spanish physicist and politician, Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1945Jim Gordon, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1946Sue Lawley, English journalist
  • 1946 – John Wood, Australian actor and screenwriter
  • 1947John Blackman, Australian radio and television presenter
  • 1947 – Claudia J. Kennedy, American general
  • 1947 – Salih Neftçi, Turkish economist and author (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Navin Ramgoolam, Mauritius physician and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Mauritius
  • 1948Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, Zulu king
  • 1948 – Tom Latham, American politician
  • 1948 – Earl Williams, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1949Tommy Mottola, American businessman and music publisher
  • 1950Bruce Oldfield, English fashion designer
  • 1952Bob Casale, American guitarist, keyboard player, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist and missionary
  • 1952 – George Lewis, American musician and composer
  • 1952 – Joel Silver, American actor and producer, co-founded Dark Castle Entertainment
  • 1953Martha Coakley, American lawyer and politician, 58th Attorney General of Massachusetts
  • 1955L. Brent Bozell III, American journalist and activist, founded the Media Research Center
  • 1958Mircea Geoana, Romanian politician and diplomat, 97th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1959Aubrey McClendon, American businessman (d. 2016)
  • 1960Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 37th Premier of Queensland
  • 1960 – Kyle Gass, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor
  • 1960 – Angélique Kidjo, Beninese singer-songwriter, activist and actress[19]

1961–2000

  • 1962Vanessa Lawrence, English geographer and civil servant
  • 1963Jacques Lacombe, Canadian organist and conductor
  • 1971Howard Webb, English footballer and referee
  • 1974David Mitchell, British comedian
  • 1977Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1983Tito Muñoz, American conductor and academic
  • 1988Jérémy Stravius, French swimmer; winner of five gold medals in Olympic and world championship competitions.[20]

Deaths

pre-19th century

  • 0664Eorcenberht, king of Kent
  • 0809Otomo no Otomaro, Japanese general and Shogun (b. 731)
  • 0850Wei Fu, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 0937Arnulf I, duke of Bavaria
  • 1223Philip II, king of France (b. 1165)[1]
  • 1242Hojo Yasutoki, regent of Japan (b. 1183)
  • 1262Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, English soldier (b. 1222)
  • 1486Margaret of Denmark, daughter of Christian I of Denmark (b. 1456)
  • 1526John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, English peer, landowner, and Lord Great Chamberlain of England (b. 1499)
  • 1575Richard Taverner, English translator (b. 1505)
  • 1614Camillus de Lellis, Italian priest and saint (b. 1550)
  • 1723Claude Fleury, French historian and author (b. 1640)
  • 1742Richard Bentley, English scholar and theologian (b. 1662)
  • 1774James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley, Irish field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1780Charles Batteux, French philosopher and academic (b. 1713)
  • 1789Jacques de Flesselles, French politician (b. 1721)
  • 1789 – Bernard-René de Launay, French politician (b. 1740)
  • 1790Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)

19th century

  • 1809Nicodemus the Hagiorite, Greek monk and saint (b. 1749)
  • 1816Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan general (b. 1750)
  • 1817Germaine de Staël, French philosopher and author (b. 1766)
  • 1827Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist and engineer, reviver of wave theory of light, inventor of catadioptric lighthouse lens (b. 1788)
  • 1834Edmond-Charles Genêt, French-American diplomat (b. 1763)
  • 1850August Neander, German historian and theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1856Edward Vernon Utterson, English lawyer and historian (b. 1775)
  • 1876John Buckley, English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1813)
  • 1881Billy the Kid, American gunfighter and outlaw (b. 1859 or 1860)[11]

1901–1970

  • 1904Paul Kruger, South African politician, 5th President of the South African Republic (b. 1824)
  • 1907William Henry Perkin, English chemist and academic (b. 1838)
  • 1910Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1818)
  • 1917Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1918Quentin Roosevelt, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1936Dhan Gopal Mukerji, Indian-American author and scholar (b. 1890)
  • 1937Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon (b. 1874)
  • 1939Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter and illustrator (b. 1860)
  • 1954Jacinto Benavente, Spanish author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1965Adlai Stevenson II, American soldier and politician, 5th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1900)
  • 1966Julie Manet, French painter and art collector (b. 1878)
  • 1967Tudor Arghezi, Romanian author and poet (b. 1880)
  • 1968Konstantin Paustovsky, Russian author and poet (b. 1892)
  • 1970Preston Foster, American actor (b. 1900)

post–1970

  • 1974Carl Spaatz, American World War II general; commander of the Strategic Air Forces in Europe (b. 1891)[21]
  • 1984Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter; Academy Award winner for The French Connection (b. 1928)[22]
  • 1986Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer (b. 1893)
  • 1989Frank Bell, English linguist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 1991Constance Stokes, Australian painter (b. 1906)
  • 1993Léo Ferré, Monacan singer-songwriter, pianist, and poet (b. 1916)
  • 1998Richard McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (b. 1909)
  • 2000Pepo, Chilean cartoonist; creator of Condorito (b. 1911)[23]
  • 2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American historian and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2001Guy de Lussigny, French painter (b. 1929)
  • 2002Joaquín Balaguer, Dominican lawyer and politician, 41st President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003François-Albert Angers, Canadian economist and academic (b. 1909)
  • 2005Joe Harnell, American pianist and composer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Cicely Saunders, English hospice founder (b. 1918)[24]
  • 2017Maryam Mirzakhani, Iranian mathematician; only woman to win the Fields Medal (2014), the most prestigious award in mathematics (b. 1977)[25]

Holidays and observances

Christian feast days

File:John Keble.jpg

John Keble's feast day is 14 July, the anniversary of his Assize Sermon on "National Apostasy" in 1833.

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  • Boniface of Savoy[26]
  • Gaspar de Bono[27]
  • St Camillus of Lellis (Roman Catholic Church, except in the United States)[28]
  • Deusdedit of Canterbury[29]
  • John Keble (Church of England)[30]
  • Samson Occom (Episcopal Church (United States))[31]

Others

  • Bastille Day (France and dependencies)[6]
  • International Non-Binary People's Day[32]
  • Republic Day (Iraq)[33]
  • Victoria Day (Sweden). The birthday of Crown Princess Victoria is an official flag day in Sweden.[34]

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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