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2021

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  2020 (Saturday)
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  2017 (Tuesday)
  2016 (Monday)
  2015 (Saturday)
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  2012 (Wednesday)

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Events

  • 472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius is captured in St. Peter's Basilica and put to death.
  • 813 – Byzantine emperor Michael I, under threat by conspiracies, abdicates in favor of his general Leo the Armenian, and becomes a monk (under the name Athanasius).
  • 911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
  • 1174Baldwin IV, 13, becomes King of Jerusalem, with Raymond III, Count of Tripoli as regent and William of Tyre as chancellor.
  • 1302Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch): A coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's royal army.
  • 1346Charles IV, Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, is elected King of the Romans.
  • 1405Ming admiral Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.
  • 1476Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
  • 1576 – While exploring the North Atlantic Ocean in an attempt to find the Northwest Passage, Martin Frobisher sights Greenland, mistaking it for the hypothesized (but non-existent) island of "Frisland".[1]
  • 1616Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
  • 1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that dwarf planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of Neptune for the last time before 1979.
  • 1789Jacques Necker is dismissed as France's Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille.
  • 1796 – The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
  • 1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1801 – French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons makes his first comet discovery. In the next 27 years he discovers another 36 comets, more than any other person in history.
  • 1804A duel occurs in which the Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
  • 1833Noongar Australian aboriginal warrior Yagan, wanted for the murder of white colonists in Western Australia, is killed.
  • 1848Waterloo railway station in London opens.
  • 1864American Civil War: Battle of Fort Stevens; Confederate forces attempt to invade Washington, D.C.
  • 1882 – The British Mediterranean Fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the Anglo-Egyptian War.
  • 1889Tijuana, Mexico, is founded.
  • 1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kōkichi Mikimoto.
  • 1893 – A revolution led by the liberal general and politician José Santos Zelaya takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • 1897Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to attempt to reach the North Pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
  • 1899Fiat founded by Giovanni Agnelli in Turin, Italy.
  • 1906Murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in the United States, inspiration for Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
  • 1914Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball.
  • 1914 – Template:Ship is launched.
  • 1919 – The eight-hour day and free Sunday become law for workers in the Netherlands.
  • 1920 – In the East Prussian plebiscite the local populace decides to remain with Weimar Germany.
  • 1921 – A truce in the Irish War of Independence comes into effect.
  • 1921 – The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army and establishes the Mongolian People's Republic.
  • 1921 – Former president of the United States William Howard Taft is sworn in as 10th chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person ever to hold both offices.
  • 1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • 1924Eric Liddell won the gold medal in 400m at the 1924 Paris Olympics, after refusing to run in the heats for 100m, his favoured distance, on the Sunday.
  • 1934Engelbert Zaschka of Germany flies his large human-powered aircraft, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin Tempelhof Airport without assisted take-off.
  • 1936 – The Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic.
  • 1940World War II: Vichy France regime is formally established. Philippe Pétain becomes Chief of the French State.
  • 1941 – The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party holds its first congress in Nkana.
  • 1943Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army within the Reichskommissariat Ukraine (Volhynia) peak.
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily: German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
  • 1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
  • 1950Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank.
  • 1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismai'li worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III.
  • 1960 – France legislates for the independence of Dahomey (later Benin), Upper Volta (later Burkina) and Niger.
  • 1960 – Congo Crisis: The State of Katanga breaks away from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published, in the United States.
  • 1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
  • 1962 – Project Apollo: At a press conference, NASA announces lunar orbit rendezvous as the means to land astronauts on the Moon, and return them to Earth.
  • 1971Copper mines in Chile are nationalized.
  • 1972 – The first game of the World Chess Championship 1972 between challenger Bobby Fischer and defending champion Boris Spassky starts.
  • 1973Varig Flight 820 crashes near Paris, France on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 of the 134 on board. In response, the FAA bans smoking in airplane lavatories.
  • 1977Martin Luther King, Jr. is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
  • 1978Los Alfaques disaster: A truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
  • 1979 – America's first space station, Skylab, is destroyed as it re-enters the Earth's atmosphere over the Indian Ocean.
  • 1983 – A TAME airline Boeing 737-200 crashes near Cuenca, Ecuador, killing all 119 passengers and crew on board.[2]
  • 1990Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 crashes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia killing all 261 passengers and crew on board.
  • 1995Yugoslav Wars: Srebrenica massacre begins; lasts until 22 July.
  • 2006Mumbai train bombings: Two hundred nine people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
  • 2010 – The Islamist militia group Al-Shabaab carried out multiple suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, killing 74 people and injuring 85 others.
  • 2011 – Ninety-eight containers of explosives self-detonate killing 13 people in Zygi, Cyprus.

Births

  • 154Bardaisan, Syrian astrologer, scholar, and philosopher (d. 222)
  • 1274Robert the Bruce, Scottish king (d. 1329)[3]
  • 1406William, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg (d. 1482)
  • 1459Kaspar, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, German nobleman (d. 1527)
  • 1558Robert Greene, English author and playwright (d. 1592)
  • 1561Luis de Góngora, Spanish cleric and poet (d. 1627)
  • 1603Kenelm Digby, English astrologer, courtier, and diplomat (d. 1665)
  • 1628Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese daimyō (d. 1701)
  • 1653Sarah Good, American woman accused of witchcraft (d. 1692)
  • 1657Frederick I of Prussia (d. 1713)
  • 1662Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1726)
  • 1709Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1785)
  • 1723Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and author (d. 1799)[4]
  • 1751Caroline Matilda, British princess, queen consort of Denmark (d. 1775)[5]
  • 1754Thomas Bowdler, English physician and philanthropist (d. 1825)[6]
  • 1760Peggy Shippen, American wife of Benedict Arnold and American Revolutionary War spy (d. 1804)[7]
  • 1767John Quincy Adams, American lawyer and politician, 6th President of the United States (d. 1848)[8]
  • 1826Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and author (d. 1871)
  • 1832Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1896)
  • 1834James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-English painter and illustrator (d. 1903)
  • 1836Antônio Carlos Gomes, Brazilian composer (d. 1896)
  • 1846Léon Bloy, French author and poet (d. 1917)
  • 1849N. E. Brown, English plant taxonomist and authority on succulents (d. 1934)
  • 1850Annie Armstrong, American missionary (d. 1938)
  • 1866Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • 1875H. M. Brock, British painter and illustrator (d. 1960)
  • 1880Friedrich Lahrs, German architect and academic (d. 1964)
  • 1881Isabel Martin Lewis, American astronomer and author (d. 1966)
  • 1882James Larkin White, American miner, explorer, and park ranger (d. 1946)
  • 1886Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter and illustrator (d. 1939)
  • 1888Carl Schmitt, German philosopher and jurist (d. 1985)
  • 1892Thomas Mitchell, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1962)
  • 1894Erna Mohr, German zoologist (d. 1968)
  • 1895Dorothy Wilde, English author and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1897Bull Connor, American police officer (d. 1973)
  • 1899Wilfrid Israel, German businessman and philanthropist (d. 1943)
  • 1899 – E. B. White, American essayist and journalist (d. 1985)
  • 1901Gwendolyn Lizarraga, Belizean businesswoman, activist, and politician (d. 1975)[9]
  • 1903Rudolf Abel, English-Russian colonel (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (d. 1976)
  • 1904Niño Ricardo, Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1972)
  • 1905Betty Allan, Australian statistician and biometrician (d. 1952)[10]
  • 1906Harry von Zell, American actor and announcer (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Herbert Wehner, German politician, Minister of Intra-German Relations (d. 1990)
  • 1909Irene Hervey, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Jacques Clemens, Dutch catholic priest (d. 2018)
  • 1910Sally Blane, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1911Erna Flegel, German Third Reich nurse (d. 2006)
  • 1912Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Peta Taylor, English cricketer (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – William F. Walsh, American captain and politician, 48th Mayor of Syracuse (d. 2011)
  • 1913Paul Gibb, English cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1913 – Cordwainer Smith, American sinologist, author, and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1916Mortimer Caplin, American tax attorney, educator, and IRS Commissioner (d. 2019)
  • 1916 – Hans Maier, Dutch water polo player (d. 2018)
  • 1916 – Alexander Prokhorov, Australian-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Reg Varney, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Gough Whitlam, Australian lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2014)
  • 1918Venetia Burney, English educator, who named Pluto (d. 2009)
  • 1920Yul Brynner, Russian actor and dancer (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Zecharia Sitchin, Russian-American author (d. 2010)
  • 1922Gene Evans, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Fritz Riess, German-Swiss racing driver (d. 1991)
  • 1923Richard Pipes, Polish-American historian and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1923 – Tun Tun, Indian actress and comedian (d. 2003)[11]
  • 1924César Lattes, Brazilian physicist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Brett Somers, Canadian-American actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer and manager (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Oscar Wyatt, American businessman
  • 1925Charles Chaynes, French composer (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Nicolai Gedda, Swedish operatic tenor (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Peter Kyros, American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Sid Smith, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1926Frederick Buechner, American minister, theologian, and author
  • 1927Theodore Maiman, American-Canadian physicist and engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Chris Leonard, English footballer
  • 1928Greville Janner, Baron Janner of Braunstone, Welsh-English lawyer and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1928 – Bobo Olson, American boxer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Andrea Veneracion, Filipina choirmaster (d. 2014)
  • 1929Danny Flores, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – David Kelly, Irish actor (d. 2012)
  • 1930Jack Alabaster, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1930 – Harold Bloom, American literary critic (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Trevor Storer, English businessman, founded Pukka Pies (d. 2013)
  • 1931Dick Gray, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Thurston Harris, American doo-wop singer (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – Tab Hunter, American actor and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1931 – Tullio Regge, Italian physicist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1932Alex Hassilev, French-born American folk singer and musician
  • 1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1933Jim Carlen, American football player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Frank Kelso, American admiral and politician, United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 2013)
  • 1934Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer, founded the Armani Company
  • 1935Frederick Hemke, American saxophonist and educator (d. 2019)
  • 1935 – Oliver Napier, Northern Irish lawyer and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1937Pai Hsien-yung, Chinese-Taiwanese author
  • 1941Bill Boggs, American journalist and producer
  • 1941 – Henry Lowther, English trumpet player
  • 1943Richard Carleton, Australian journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1943 – Howard Gardner, American psychologist and academic
  • 1943 – Tom Holland, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Peter Jensen, Australian metropolitan
  • 1943 – Robert Malval, Haitian businessman and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1943 – Rolf Stommelen, German racing driver (d. 1983)
  • 1944Lou Hudson, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Michael Levy, Baron Levy, English philanthropist
  • 1944 – Patricia Polacco, American author and illustrator
  • 1946Martin Wong, American painter (d. 1999)
  • 1947Jeff Hanna, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and drummer
  • 1947 – Norman Lebrecht, English author and critic
  • 1947 – Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
  • 1950Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani physicist and academic
  • 1950 – J. R. Morgan, Welsh author and academic
  • 1950 – Bonnie Pointer, American singer (d. 2020)
  • 1951Ed Ott, American baseball player and coach
  • 1952Bill Barber, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1952 – Stephen Lang, American actor and playwright
  • 1953Piyasvasti Amranand, Thai businessman and politician, Thai Minister of Energy
  • 1953 – Angélica Aragón, Mexican film, television, and stage actress and singer
  • 1953 – Peter Brown, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1953 – Suresh Prabhu, Indian accountant and politician, Indian Minister of Railways
  • 1953 – Patricia Reyes Spíndola, Mexican actress, director, and producer
  • 1953 – Leon Spinks, American boxer
  • 1953 – Mindy Sterling, American actress
  • 1953 – Ivan Toms, South African physician and activist (d. 2008)
  • 1953 – Bramwell Tovey, English-Canadian conductor and composer
  • 1953 – Paul Weiland, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1954Julia King, English engineer and academic
  • 1955Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean neurosurgeon and politician, Singaporean Minister of Health (d. 2010)
  • 1956Amitav Ghosh, Indian-American author and academic
  • 1956 – Robin Renucci, French actor and director
  • 1956 – Sela Ward, American actress
  • 1957Johann Lamont, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1957 – Peter Murphy, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Michael Rose, Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1958Mark Lester, English actor
  • 1958 – Hugo Sánchez, Mexican footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1959Richie Sambora, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959 – Suzanne Vega, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1960David Baerwald, American singer-songwriter, composer, and musician
  • 1960 – Caroline Quentin, English actress
  • 1961Antony Jenkins, English banker and businessman
  • 1962Gaétan Duchesne, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1962 – Pauline McLynn, Irish actress and author
  • 1962 – Fumiya Fujii, Japanese music artist
  • 1963Al MacInnis, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963 – Dean Richards, English rugby player and coach
  • 1963 – Lisa Rinna, American actress and talk show host
  • 1965Tony Cottee, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kick-boxer and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Scott Shriner, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1966Nadeem Aslam, Pakistani-English author
  • 1966 – Kentaro Miura, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1966 – Rod Strickland, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Ricky Warwick, Northern Irish musician
  • 1967Andy Ashby, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Jhumpa Lahiri, Indian American novelist and short story writer
  • 1968Michael Geist, Canadian journalist and academic
  • 1968 – Daniel MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1968 – Esera Tuaolo, American football player
  • 1969Ned Boulting, British sports journalist and television presenter[12]
  • 1970Justin Chambers, American actor
  • 1970 – Sajjad Karim, English lawyer and politician
  • 1970 – Eric Owens, American opera singer
  • 1971Leisha Hailey, Japanese-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972Cormac Battle, English-Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1973Konstantinos Kenteris, Greek runner
  • 1974Alanas Chošnau, Lithuanian singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Hermann Hreiðarsson, Icelandic footballer and manager
  • 1974 – André Ooijer, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1975Willie Anderson, American football player
  • 1975 – Rubén Baraja, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Lil' Kim, American rapper and producer
  • 1976Eduardo Nájera, Mexican-American basketball player and coach
  • 1977Brandon Short, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1978Kathleen Edwards, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1978 – Massimiliano Rosolino, Italian swimmer
  • 1979Raio Piiroja, Estonian footballer
  • 1980Tyson Kidd, Canadian wrestler
  • 1980 – Kevin Powers, American soldier and author
  • 1981Andre Johnson, American football player
  • 1982Chris Cooley, American football player
  • 1983Engin Baytar, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Peter Cincotti, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1983 – Marie Serneholt, Swedish singer and dancer
  • 1984Yorman Bazardo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984 – Tanith Belbin, Canadian-American ice dancer
  • 1984 – Jacoby Jones, American football player
  • 1984 – Joe Pavelski, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Morné Steyn, South African rugby player
  • 1985Robert Adamson, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1985 – Orestis Karnezis, Greek footballer
  • 1986Raúl García, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Yoann Gourcuff, French footballer
  • 1986 – Ryan Jarvis, English footballer
  • 1987Shigeaki Kato, Japanese singer
  • 1988Étienne Capoue, French footballer
  • 1988 – Natalie La Rose, Dutch singer, songwriter and dancer[13][14]
  • 1989Tobias Sana, Swedish footballer
  • 1989 – Travis Waddell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990Mona Barthel, German tennis player
  • 1990 – Connor Paolo, American actor
  • 1990 – Adam Jezierski, Polish-Spanish actor and singer
  • 1990 – Patrick Peterson, American football player
  • 1990 – Caroline Wozniacki, Danish tennis player
  • 1993Rebecca Bross, American gymnast
  • 1993 – Heini Salonen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1994Bartłomiej Kalinkowski, Polish footballer
  • 1994 – Anthony Milford, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Nina Nesbitt, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1994 – Lucas Ocampos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1995Joey Bosa, American football player
  • 1995 – Tyler Medeiros, Canadian singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1996Alessia Cara, Canadian singer-songwriter

Deaths

  • 472Anthemius, Roman emperor (b. 420)
  • 937Rudolph II of Burgundy (b. 880)
  • 969Olga of Kiev (b. 890)
  • 1174Amalric I of Jerusalem (b. 1136)
  • 1183Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1117)
  • 1302Robert II, Count of Artois (b. 1250)
  • 1302 – Pierre Flotte, French politician and lawyer
  • 1344Ulrich III, Count of Württemberg (b. c. 1286)
  • 1362Anna von Schweidnitz, empress of Charles IV (b. 1339)
  • 1382Nicole Oresme, French philosopher (b. 1325)
  • 1451Barbara of Cilli, Slovenian noblewoman
  • 1484Mino da Fiesole, Italian sculptor (b. c. 1429)
  • 1535Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1484)
  • 1581Peder Skram, Danish admiral and politician (b. 1503)
  • 1593Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Italian painter (b. 1527)
  • 1599Chōsokabe Motochika, Japanese daimyō (b.1539)
  • 1688Narai, Thai king (b. 1629)
  • 1774Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-English general (b. 1715)
  • 1775Simon Boerum, American farmer and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1797Ienăchiță Văcărescu, Romanian historian and philologist (b. 1740)
  • 1806James Smith, Irish-American lawyer and politician (b. 1719)
  • 1825Thomas P. Grosvenor, American soldier and politician (b. 1744)
  • 1844Yevgeny Baratynsky, Russian philosopher and poet (b. 1800)
  • 1897Patrick Jennings, Irish-Australian politician, 11th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1831)
  • 1905Muhammad Abduh, Egyptian jurist and scholar (b. 1849)
  • 1908Friedrich Traun, German sprinter and tennis player (b. 1876)
  • 1909Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1929Billy Mosforth, English footballer and engraver (b. 1857)
  • 1937George Gershwin, American pianist, songwriter, and composer (b. 1898)
  • 1959Charlie Parker, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (b. 1882)
  • 1966Delmore Schwartz, American poet and short story writer (b. 1913)
  • 1967Guy Favreau, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 28th Canadian Minister of Justice (b. 1917)
  • 1971John W. Campbell, American journalist and author (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Pedro Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1940)
  • 1974Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish novelist, playwright, and poet Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1976León de Greiff, Colombian poet and educator (b. 1895)
  • 1979Claude Wagner, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1925)
  • 1983Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian author (b. 1915)
  • 1987Avi Ran, Israeli footballer (b. 1963)
  • 1987 – Yaakov Yitzchok Ruderman, American rabbi and scholar (b. 1901)
  • 1989Laurence Olivier, English actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1991Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer and coach (b. 1953)
  • 1994Gary Kildall, American computer scientist, founded Digital Research (b. 1942)
  • 1998Panagiotis Kondylis, Greek philosopher and author (b. 1943)
  • 1999Helen Forrest, American singer (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Jan Sloot, Dutch computer scientist and electronics technician (b. 1945)
  • 2000Pedro Mir, Dominican lawyer, author, and poet (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Robert Runcie, English archbishop (b. 1921)
  • 2001Herman Brood, Dutch musician and painter (b. 1946)
  • 2003Zahra Kazemi, Iranian-Canadian freelance photographer (b. 1948)
  • 2004Laurance Rockefeller, American financier and philanthropist (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – Renée Saint-Cyr, French actress and producer (b. 1904)
  • 2005Gretchen Franklin, English actress and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Jesús Iglesias, Argentinian racing driver (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Frances Langford, American actress and singer (b. 1913)
  • 2006Barnard Hughes, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Bronwyn Oliver, Australian sculptor (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – John Spencer, English snooker player and sportscaster (b. 1935)
  • 2007Glenda Adams, Australian author and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Lady Bird Johnson, American beautification activist; 43rd First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Alfonso López Michelsen, Colombian lawyer and politician, 32nd President of Colombia (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded Honest Ed's (b. 1914)
  • 2008Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and educator (b. 1908)* 1908 – Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and educator (d. 2008)[15]
  • 2009Reg Fleming, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1936)
  • 2009 – Arturo Gatti, Italian-Canadian boxer (b. 1972)
  • 2009 – Ji Xianlin, Chinese linguist and paleographer (b. 1911)
  • 2010Walter Hawkins, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and pastor (b. 1949)
  • 2011Rob Grill, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1943)
  • 2012Art Ceccarelli, American baseball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Marion Cunningham, American author (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Richard Scudder, American journalist and publisher, co-founded MediaNews Group (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Donald J. Sobol, American soldier and author (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Marvin Traub, American businessman and author (b. 1925)
  • 2013Emik Avakian, Iranian-American inventor (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Egbert Brieskorn, German mathematician and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Eugene P. Wilkinson, American admiral (b. 1918)
  • 2014Charlie Haden, American bassist and composer (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Carin Mannheimer, Swedish author and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Bill McGill, American basketball player (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-American drummer and producer (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – John Seigenthaler, American journalist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Randall Stout, American architect, designed the Taubman Museum of Art (b. 1958)
  • 2015Giacomo Biffi, Italian cardinal (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – James U. Cross, American general (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Satoru Iwata, Japanese game programmer and businessman (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Lawrence K. Karlton, American lawyer and judge (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – André Leysen, Belgian businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2020Frank Bolling, American baseball second baseman (b. 1931)[16]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Benedict of Nursia
    • Olga of Kiev
    • Pope Pius I
    • July 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • China National Maritime Day (China)
  • Day of the Bandoneón (Argentina)
  • Day of the Flemish Community (Flemish Community of Belgium)
  • Eleventh Night (Northern Ireland)
  • Free Slurpee Day (Participating stores of the 7-Eleven chain in North America)
  • National Day of Remembrance of Victims of Genocide by Ukrainian Nationalists on Citizens of the Second Republic of Poland (Poland)
  • Gospel Day (Kiribati)
  • Imamat Day (Isma'ilism)
  • National Day of Commemoration, held on the nearest Sunday to this date (Ireland)
  • The first day of Naadam (July 11–15) (Mongolia)
  • World Population Day (International)

References

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  13. https://www.allmusic.com/artist/natalie-la-rose-mn0003359519/biography
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x7benTYvyxc
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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