Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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  2021 (Thursday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Monday)
  2018 (Sunday)
  2017 (Saturday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Wednesday)
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  2013 (Monday)
  2012 (Sunday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".July 1 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 183 days remain until the end of the year.

The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year. It also falls on the same day of the week as New Year's Day in a leap year.

Events

  • AD 69Tiberius Julius Alexander orders his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as Emperor.
  • 552Battle of Taginae: Byzantine forces under Narses defeat the Ostrogoths in Italy. During the fighting king Totila is mortally wounded.
  • 1097Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders led by prince Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army led by sultan Kilij Arslan I.
  • 1431 – The Battle of La Higueruela takes place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista.
  • 1523Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes become the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels.
  • 1569Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union; the united country is called the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
  • 1643 – First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1690Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar).
  • 1766François-Jean de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded before his body is burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, France.
  • 1770Lexell's Comet passes closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 a.u.
  • 1782Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attack the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1819Johann Georg Tralles discovers the Great Comet of 1819, (C/1819 N1). It was the first comet analyzed using polarimetry, by François Arago.
  • 1837 – A system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales.
  • 1855 – Signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute cede their land to the United States.
  • 1858 – Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society of London.
  • 1862 – The Russian State Library is founded as the Library of the Moscow Public Museum.
  • 1862 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, marries Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place. It is the last of the Seven Days Battles, part of George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
  • 1863Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marking the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins.
  • 1867 – The British North America Act of 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation and the federal dominion of Canada; Sir John A. Macdonald is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date is commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.
  • 1870 – The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
  • 1873Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation.
  • 1874 – The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, goes on sale.
  • 1878 – Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1879Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • 1881 – The world's first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.[1]
  • 1881 – General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect.
  • 1885 – The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
  • 1890 – Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
  • 1898Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba.
  • 1903 – Start of first Tour de France bicycle race.
  • 1908SOS is adopted as the international distress signal.
  • 1911 – Germany despatches the gunship Template:SMS to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis.
  • 1915Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Fliegertruppe air service achieves the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker.
  • 1916 – World War I: First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
  • 1921 – The Communist Party of China (CPC) is founded.
  • 1922 – The Great Railroad Strike of 1922 begins in the United States.
  • 1923 – The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
  • 1931United Airlines begins service (as Boeing Air Transport).
  • 1932 – Australia's national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, was formed.
  • 1933Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world traveling Script error: No such module "convert". in seven days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
  • 1935Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in the On-to-Ottawa Trek.
  • 1942 – World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
  • 1942 – The Australian Federal Government becomes the sole collector of income tax in Australia as State Income Tax is abolished.
  • 1943Tokyo City merges with Tokyo Prefecture and is dissolved. Since this date, no city in Japan has the name "Tokyo" (present-day Tokyo is not officially a city).
  • 1947 – The Philippine Air Force is established.
  • 1948Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-i-Azam) inaugurates Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan.
  • 1949 – The merger of two princely states of India, Cochin and Travancore, into the state of Thiru-Kochi (later re-organized as Kerala) in the Indian Union ends more than 1,000 years of princely rule by the Cochin royal family.
  • 1957 – The International Geophysical Year begins.
  • 1958 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
  • 1958 – Flooding of Canada's Saint Lawrence Seaway begins.
  • 1959 – The Party of the African Federation holds its constitutive conference.
  • 1959 – Specific values for the international yard, avoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) are adopted after agreement between the U.S.A., the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries.
  • 1960 – Independence of Somalia.
  • 1960 – Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II ceases to be its head of state.
  • 1962 – Independence of Rwanda and Burundi.
  • 1963ZIP codes are introduced for United States mail.
  • 1963 – The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.
  • 1966 – The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto.
  • 1967 – The European Community is formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
  • 1968 – The United States Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established.
  • 1968 – The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., London and Moscow by sixty-two countries.
  • 1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL–CIO in the United States.
  • 1970 – President General Yahya Khan abolishes One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces.
  • 1972 – The first Gay pride march in England takes place.
  • 1976 – Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.
  • 1978 – The Northern Territory in Australia is granted self-government.
  • 1979Sony introduces the Walkman.
  • 1980 – "O Canada" officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
  • 1983 – A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djallon mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.
  • 1984 – The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
  • 1987 – The American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station.
  • 1990German reunification: East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany.
  • 1991 – The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
  • 1997 – China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule.
  • 1999 – The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Elizabeth II on the day that legislative powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.
  • 2002 – The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
  • 2002 – Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Überlingen, southern Germany, killing all 71 on board.
  • 2003 – Over 500,000 people protest against efforts to pass anti-sedition legislation in Hong Kong.
  • 2004Saturn orbit insertion of Cassini–Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.
  • 2006 – The first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway in China.
  • 2007 – Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces.
  • 2007 – Foundation of the first Centre for Christian Meditation and Spirituality in the Holy Cross Church in Frankfurt-Bornheim, Germany[2] and moreover of the Centre for Mourning Counselling in the church St. Michael in Frankfurt-Nordend by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Limburg
  • 2008Rioting erupts in Mongolia in response to allegations of fraud surrounding the 2008 legislative elections.
  • 2013Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union.
  • 2013 – The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) begins its operative peacekeeping mandate in Mali.
  • 2013 – Neptune's moon S/2004 N 1 is discovered.
  • 2015 – The Baron 1898 in amusement park the Efteling opens.

Births

  • 1311Liu Bowen, Chinese military strategist, statesman and poet (d. 1375)
  • 1481Christian II of Denmark (d. 1559)
  • 1506Louis II of Hungary (d. 1526)
  • 1534Frederick II of Denmark (d. 1588)
  • 1574Joseph Hall, English bishop and mystic (d. 1656)
  • 1586Claudio Saracini, Italian lute player and composer (d. 1630)
  • 1633Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian and author (d. 1698)
  • 1646Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1716)
  • 1663Franz Xaver Murschhauser, German composer and theorist (d. 1738)
  • 1723Pedro Rodríguez, Count of Campomanes, Spanish politician, adviser to the king (d. 1802)
  • 1725Rhoda Delaval, English painter (d. 1757)
  • 1725 – Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, French general (d. 1807)
  • 1731Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan Scottish-English admiral (d. 1804)
  • 1742Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and academic (d. 1799)
  • 1771Ferdinando Paer, Italian composer and conductor (d. 1839)
  • 1788Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1867)
  • 1804Charles Gordon Greene, American journalist and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1804 – George Sand, French author and playwright (d. 1876)
  • 1807Thomas Green Clemson, American politician and educator, founded Clemson University (d. 1888)
  • 1818Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian-Austrian physician and obstetrician (d. 1865)
  • 1818 – Karl von Vierordt, German physician, psychologist, and academic (d. 1884)
  • 1822Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Vietnamese poet and activist (d. 1888)
  • 1834Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet and author (d. 1908)
  • 1838William Paine Lord, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Oregon (d. 1911)
  • 1858Willard Metcalf, American painter (d. 1925)
  • 1863William Grant Stairs, Canadian-English captain and explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1869William Strunk Jr., American author and educator (d. 1946)
  • 1872Louis Blériot, French pilot and engineer (d. 1936)
  • 1872 – William Duddell, English physicist and engineer (d. 1917)
  • 1873Alice Guy-Blaché, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1873 – Andrass Samuelsen, Faroese politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 1954)
  • 1878Jacques Rosenbaum, Estonian-German architect (d. 1944)
  • 1879Léon Jouhaux, French union leader, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1881Edward Battersby Bailey, English geologist (d. 1965)
  • 1882Bidhan Chandra Roy, Indian physician and politician, 2nd Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 1962)
  • 1883Arthur Borton, English colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1933)
  • 1885Dorothea Mackellar, Australian author and poet (d. 1968)
  • 1886Gabrielle Robinne, French actress (d. 1980)
  • 1887Amber Reeves, New Zealand-English author and scholar (d. 1981)
  • 1892James M. Cain, American author and journalist (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – László Lajtha, Hungarian composer and conductor (d. 1963)
  • 1899Thomas A. Dorsey, American pianist and composer (d. 1993)
  • 1899 – Charles Laughton, English-American actor and director (d. 1962)
  • 1899 – Konstantinos Tsatsos, Greek scholar and politician, President of Greece (d. 1987)
  • 1901Irna Phillips, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1902William Wyler, French-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1903Amy Johnson, English pilot (d. 1941)
  • 1903 – Beatrix Lehmann, English actress (d. 1979)
  • 1906Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Estée Lauder, American businesswoman, co-founded the Estée Lauder Companies (d. 2004)
  • 1907Norman Pirie, Scottish-English biochemist and virologist (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Bill Stern, American actor and sportscaster (d. 1971)
  • 1909Emmett Toppino, American sprinter (d. 1971)
  • 1910Glenn Hardin, American hurdler (d. 1975)
  • 1911Arnold Alas, Estonian landscape architect and artist (d. 1990)
  • 1911 – Sergey Sokolov, Russian marshal and politician, Soviet Minister of Defence (d. 2012)
  • 1912David Brower, American environmentalist, founded Sierra Club Foundation (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Sally Kirkland, American journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1913Frank Barrett, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Vasantrao Naik, Indian politician, 3rd Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 1979)
  • 1914P. Kandiah, Ceylonese academic and politician (d. 1960)
  • 1914 – Thomas Pearson, U.K senior officer
  • 1915Willie Dixon, American singer-songwriter, bass player, guitarist, and producer (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Joseph Ransohoff, American soldier and neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Jean Stafford, American author and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1915 – Nguyễn Văn Linh, Vietnamese politician (d. 1998)
  • 1916Olivia de Havilland, British-American actress
  • 1916 – Iosif Shklovsky, Ukrainian astronomer and astrophysicist (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – George C. Stoney, American director and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1917Humphry Osmond, English-American lieutenant and psychiatrist (d. 2004)
  • 1919Arnold Meri, Estonian colonel (d. 2009)
  • 1920Henri Amouroux, French historian and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Harold Sakata, Japanese-American wrestler and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1921Seretse Khama, Batswana lawyer and politician, 1st President of Botswana (d. 1980)
  • 1921 – Michalina Wisłocka, Polish gynecologist and sexologist (d. 2005)
  • 1922Toshi Seeger, German-American activist, co-founded the Clearwater Festival (d. 2013)
  • 1924Antoni Ramallets, Spanish footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Florence Stanley, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1925Farley Granger, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1926Robert Fogel, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Carl Hahn, German businessman
  • 1926 – Hans Werner Henze, German composer and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1927Alan J. Charig, English paleontologist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1928Bobby Day, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1929Gerald Edelman, American biologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • 1930Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American director and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Carol Chomsky, American linguist and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1931Leslie Caron, French actress and dancer
  • 1932Ze'ev Schiff, French-Israeli journalist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1933C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1934Claude Berri, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Jamie Farr, American actor
  • 1934 – Jean Marsh, English actress and screenwriter
  • 1934 – Sydney Pollack, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1935James Cotton, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player
  • 1936Syl Johnson, American singer, guitarist, and producer
  • 1938Craig Anderson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1938 – Hariprasad Chaurasia, Indian flute player and composer
  • 1939Karen Black, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Delaney Bramlett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1940Craig Brown, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1940 – Ela Gandhi, South African activist and politician
  • 1940 – Cahit Zarifoğlu, Turkish poet and author (d. 1987)
  • 1941Rod Gilbert, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1941 – Alfred G. Gilman, American pharmacologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – Myron Scholes, Canadian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 – Twyla Tharp, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1942Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, Iraqi field marshal and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1942 – Geneviève Bujold, Canadian actress
  • 1942 – Andraé Crouch, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pastor (d. 2015)
  • 1942 – Julia Higgins, English chemist and academic
  • 1943Philip Brunelle, American conductor and organist
  • 1943 – Peeter Lepp, Estonian politician, 37th Mayor of Tallinn
  • 1943 – Jeff Wayne, American pianist and composer
  • 1944Lew Rockwell, American author and activist
  • 1945Mike Burstyn, American actor and singer
  • 1945 – Debbie Harry, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1946Mick Aston, English archaeologist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Erkki Tuomioja, Finnish sergeant and politician, Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs
  • 1947Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Japanese race car driver
  • 1947 – Malcolm Wicks, English academic and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1948John Ford, English-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949Néjia Ben Mabrouk, Tunisian-Belgian director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – John Farnham, English-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – David Hogan, American composer and educator (d. 1996)
  • 1949 – Venkaiah Naidu, Indian lawyer and politician
  • 1950David Duke, American activist, author, and politician
  • 1951Trevor Eve, English actor and producer
  • 1951 – Anne Feeney, American singer-songwriter and activist
  • 1951 – Julia Goodfellow, English physicist and academic
  • 1951 – Klaus-Peter Justus, German runner
  • 1951 – Tom Kozelko, American basketball player
  • 1951 – Terrence Mann, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1951 – Fred Schneider, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1951 – Victor Willis, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor
  • 1952Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – David Lane, English oncologist and academic
  • 1952 – Steve Shutt, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Timothy J. Tobias, American pianist and composer (d. 2006)
  • 1953Lawrence Gonzi, Maltese lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Malta
  • 1953 – Jadranka Kosor, Croatian journalist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Croatia
  • 1954Keith Whitley, American singer and guitarist (d. 1989)
  • 1955Nikolai Demidenko, Russian pianist and educator
  • 1955 – Li Keqiang, Chinese economist and politician, 7th Premier of the People's Republic of China
  • 1955 – Lisa Scottoline, American lawyer and author
  • 1957Lisa Blount, American actress and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1957 – Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Sean O'Driscoll, English footballer and manager
  • 1958Jack Dyer Crouch, II, American diplomat, United States Deputy National Security Advisor
  • 1960Michael Beattie, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1960 – Lynn Jennings, American runner
  • 1960 – Kevin Swords, American rugby player
  • 1961Malcolm Elliott, English cyclist
  • 1961 – Carl Lewis, American long jumper and runner
  • 1961 – Diana, Princess of Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1961 – Michelle Wright, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962Andre Braugher, American actor and producer
  • 1963Roddy Bottum, American singer and keyboard player
  • 1963 – Nick Giannopoulos, Australian actor
  • 1963 – David Wood, American lawyer and environmentalist (d. 2006)
  • 1964Bernard Laporte, French rugby player and coach
  • 1965Carl Fogarty, English motorcycle racer
  • 1965 – Garry Schofield, English rugby player and coach
  • 1965 – Harald Zwart, Norwegian director and producer
  • 1966Enrico Annoni, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1966 – Shawn Burr, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2013)
  • 1967Pamela Anderson, Canadian-American model and actress
  • 1967 – Sansan Chien, Taiwanese composer and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1967 – Marisa Monte, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Jordi Mollà, Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1969Séamus Egan, Irish-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971Missy Elliott, American rapper, producer, dancer, and actress
  • 1971 – Julianne Nicholson, American actress
  • 1971 – Jamie Walker, American baseball player
  • 1972Sunshine Becker, American singer
  • 1972 – Claire Forlani, English actress
  • 1972 – Alex Machacek, Austrian guitarist
  • 1972 – Steffi Nerius, German javelin thrower
  • 1974Jefferson Pérez, Ecuadorian race walker
  • 1975Sean Colson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1975 – Sufjan Stevens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976Plies, American rapper
  • 1976 – Patrick Kluivert, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Justin Lo, American-Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1976 – Thomas Sadoski, American actor
  • 1976 – Hannu Tihinen, Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Szymon Ziółkowski, Polish hammer thrower
  • 1977Tom Frager, Senegalese-French singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Keigo Hayashi, Japanese musician
  • 1977 – Jarome Iginla, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Greg Pattillo, American flute player
  • 1977 – Liv Tyler, American model and actress
  • 1979Forrest Griffin, American mixed martial artist and actor
  • 1980Patrick Aufiero, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Nelson Cruz, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981Carlo Del Fava, South African-Italian rugby player
  • 1981 – Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-Australian footballer
  • 1982Justin Huber, Australian baseball player
  • 1982 – Joachim Johansson, Swedish tennis player
  • 1982 – Adrian Ward, American football player
  • 1983Marit Larsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1983 – Leeteuk, South Korean singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1984Donald Thomas, Bahamian high jumper
  • 1985Chris Perez, American baseball player
  • 1986Andrew Lee, Australian footballer
  • 1986 – Julian Prochnow, German footballer
  • 1987Michael Schrader, German decathlete
  • 1988Dedé, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Aleksander Lesun, Russian modern pentathlete
  • 1989Kent Bazemore, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Leah McFall, Northern Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Daniel Ricciardo, Australian race car driver
  • 1989 – Hannah Murray, English actress
  • 1990Ben Coker, English footballer
  • 1990 – Natsuki Sato, Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)
  • 1991Michael Wacha, American baseball player
  • 1992Aaron Sanchez, American baseball player
  • 1995Boli Bolingoli-Mbombo, Belgium footballer
  • 1996Adelina Sotnikova, Russian figure skater
  • 1998Aleksandra Golovkina, Lithuanian figure skater

Deaths

  • 552Totila, Ostrogoth king
  • 1109Alfonso VI of León and Castile (b. 1040)
  • 1224Hōjō Yoshitoki, regent of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan (b. 1163)
  • 1242Chagatai Khan, Mongol ruler (b. 1183)
  • 1277Baibars, Egyptian sultan (b. 1223)
  • 1321María de Molina, queen consort of Castile (b. c. 1265)
  • 1348Joan, Princess of England
  • 1555John Bradford, English Reformer, prebendary of St. Paul's (b. 1510)
  • 1592Marc'Antonio Ingegneri, Italian composer and educator (b. 1535)
  • 1614Isaac Casaubon, French philologist and scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1622William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, English politician (b. 1575)
  • 1681Oliver Plunkett, Irish archbishop and saint (b. 1629)
  • 1736Ahmed III, Ottoman sultan (b. 1673)
  • 1774Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1705)
  • 1782Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, English admiral and politician, Prime Minister of Great Britain (b. 1730)
  • 1784Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German organist and composer (b. 1710)
  • 1787Charles, Prince of Soubise (b. 1715)
  • 1819Jemima Wilkinson, American evangelist (b. 1752)
  • 1839Mahmud II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1785)
  • 1860Charles Goodyear, American chemist and engineer (b. 1800)
  • 1863John F. Reynolds, American general (b. 1820)
  • 1884Allan Pinkerton, Scottish-American detective and spy (b. 1819)
  • 1896Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author and activist (b. 1811)
  • 1905John Hay, American journalist and politician, 37th United States Secretary of State (b. 1838)
  • 1912Harriet Quimby, American pilot and screenwriter (b. 1875)
  • 1925Erik Satie, French pianist and composer (b. 1866)
  • 1934Ernst Röhm, German paramilitary commander (b. 1887)
  • 1942Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, Irish writer (b. 1857)
  • 1943Willem Arondeus, Dutch artist, author, and anti-Nazi resistance fighter (b. 1894)
  • 1944Carl Mayer, Austrian-English screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1944 – Tanya Savicheva, Russian author (b. 1930)
  • 1948Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (b. 1904)
  • 1950Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss composer and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1950 – Eliel Saarinen, Finnish-American architect, co-designed the National Museum of Finland (b. 1873)
  • 1951Tadeusz Borowski, Polish poet, novelist and journalist (b. 1922)
  • 1961Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French physician and author (b. 1894)
  • 1962Purushottam Das Tandon, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1962 – Bidhan Chandra Roy, Indian physician and politician, 2nd Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1882)
  • 1964Pierre Monteux, French-American viola player and conductor (b. 1875)
  • 1965Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903)
  • 1965 – Robert Ruark, American journalist and author (b. 1915)
  • 1966Frank Verner, American runner (b. 1883)
  • 1967Gerhard Ritter, German historian and academic (b. 1888)
  • 1968Fritz Bauer, German judge and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1971William Lawrence Bragg, Australian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Learie Constantine, Trinidadian-English cricketer, lawyer, and politician (b. 1901)
  • 1974Juan Perón, Argentinian general and politician, President of Argentina (b. 1895)
  • 1978Kurt Student, German general and pilot (b. 1890)
  • 1981Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese author and poet (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Rushton Moreve, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1983Buckminster Fuller, American architect, designed the Montreal Biosphère (b. 1895)
  • 1984Moshé Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-Israeli physicist and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1987Snakefinger, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1949)
  • 1991Michael Landon, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1936)
  • 1992Franco Cristaldi, Italian screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Merriam Modell, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1995Wolfman Jack, American radio host (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Ian Parkin, English guitarist (Be-Bop Deluxe) (b. 1950)
  • 1996William T. Cahill, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Margaux Hemingway, American model and actress (b. 1954)
  • 1996 – Steve Tesich, Serbian-American author and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1997Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1997 – Charles Werner, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
  • 1999Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-American director and producer (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Forrest Mars Sr., American businessman, created M&M's and the Mars bar (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2000Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Jean-Louis Rosier, French race car driver (b. 1925)
  • 2003Herbie Mann, American flute player and saxophonist (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Wesley Mouzon, American boxer (b. 1927)
  • 2004Peter Barnes, English playwright and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Marlon Brando, American actor and director (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 2005Renaldo Benson, American singer-songwriter (Four Tops) (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Gus Bodnar, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Luther Vandross, American singer-songwriter and producer (Change) (b. 1951)
  • 2006Ryutaro Hashimoto, Japanese politician, 53rd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Robert Lepikson, Estonian race car driver and politician, Estonian Minister of the Interior (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Fred Trueman, English cricketer and sportscaster (b. 1931)
  • 2008Mel Galley, English guitarist (Whitesnake, Trapeze, Finders Keepers, and Phenomena) (b. 1948)
  • 2009Alexis Argüello, Nicaraguan boxer and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2009 – Karl Malden, American actor (b. 1912)
  • 2009 – Onni Palaste, Finnish soldier and author (b. 1917)
  • 2009 – Mollie Sugden, English actress (b. 1922)
  • 2010Don Coryell, American football player and coach (b. 1924)
  • 2010 – Arnold Friberg, American painter and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – Ilene Woods, American actress and singer (b. 1929)
  • 2011Leslie Brooks, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2012Peter E. Gillquist, American priest and author (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Ossie Hibbert, Jamaican-American keyboard player and producer (The Aggrovators and The Revolutionaries) (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Evelyn Lear, American operatic soprano (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Alan G. Poindexter, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Jack Richardson, American author and playwright (b. 1934)
  • 2013Sidney Bryan Berry, American general (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Charles Foley, American game designer, co-created Twister (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – William H. Gray, American minister and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Gary Shearston, Australian singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2014Jean Garon, Canadian economist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Stephen Gaskin, American activist, co-founded The Farm (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Bob Jones, English lawyer and politician (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Anatoly Kornukov, Ukrainian-Russian general (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Walter Dean Myers, American author and poet (b. 1937)
  • 2015Val Doonican, Irish singer and television host (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Czesław Olech, Polish mathematician and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Nicholas Winton, English lieutenant and humanitarian (b. 1909)
  • 2016Robin Hardy, English author and film director (b. 1929)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Aaron (Syriac Christianity)
    • Blessed Antonio Rosmini-Serbati
    • St. Junípero Serra
    • Julius and Aaron
    • Leontius of Autun
    • Servanus
    • July 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Feast of the Most Precious Blood (removed from official Roman Catholic calendar since 1969)
  • Earliest day on which Alexanderson Day can fall, celebrated on the Sunday closest to July 2. (Sweden)
  • Earliest day on which CARICOM Day can fall, while July 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday in July. (Guyana)
  • Earliest day on which Constitution Day can fall, while July 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday in July. (Cayman Islands)
  • Earliest day on which Día del Amigo can fall, celebrated on the first Saturday of July. (Peru)
  • Earliest day on which Fishermen's Holiday, celebrated on the first Friday of July (Marshall Islands)
  • Earliest day on which Heroes' Day can fall, while July 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday in July. (Zambia)
  • Earliest day on which International Co-operative Day, can fall, celebrated on the first Saturday of July.
  • Earliest day on which International Free Hugs Day, can fall, celebrated on the first Saturday of July.
  • Earliest day on which Navy Day can fall, celebrated on the first Sunday in July. (Ukraine)
  • Earliest day on which Navy Days can fall, celebrated First Saturday and Sunday. (Netherlands)
  • Earliest day on which Youth Day can fall, while July 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday in July. (Singapore)
  • Armed Forces Day (Singapore)
  • Canada Day, formerly Dominion Day (Canada)
  • Children's Day (Pakistan)
  • Communist Party of China Founding Day (China)
  • Day of Officials and Civil Servants (Hungary)
  • Doctors' Day (India)
  • Emancipation Day (Netherlands Antilles)
  • Engineer's Day (Bahrain, Mexico)
  • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (Hong Kong, China)
  • Independence Day (Burundi), celebrates the independence of Burundi from Belgium in 1962.
  • Independence Day (Rwanda)
  • Independence Day (Somalia)
  • International Tartan Day
  • July Morning (Bulgaria)
  • Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) (Suriname)
  • Madeira Day (Madeira, Portugal)
  • Moving Day (Quebec) (Canada)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador Memorial Day
  • Republic Day (Ghana)
  • Sir Seretse Khama Day (Botswana)
  • Territory Day (British Virgin Islands)
  • The first day of Van Mahotsav, celebrated until July 7. (India)

References

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External links

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