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  2021 (Friday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Thursday)
  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Sunday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".January 8 is the eighth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 357 days remain until the end of the year (358 in leap years).

Events

  • 307Jin Huidi, Chinese Emperor of the Jin dynasty, is poisoned and succeeded by his son Jin Huaidi.
  • 387Siyaj K'ak' conquers Waka
  • 871Alfred the Great leads a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings.
  • 1297François Grimaldi, disguised as a monk, leads his men to capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, establishing his family as the rulers of Monaco.
  • 1454 – The papal bull Romanus Pontifex awards the Kingdom of Portugal exclusive trade and colonization rights to all of Africa south of Cape Bojador.
  • 1499Louis XII of France marries Anne of Brittany.
  • 1547 – the first Lithuanian-language book, Simple Words of Catechism, is published in Königsberg.
  • 1697 – Last execution for blasphemy in Britain; of Thomas Aikenhead, student, at Edinburgh.
  • 1735 – Premiere performance of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
  • 1746Second Jacobite rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
  • 1790George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address in New York City.
  • 1806Cape Colony becomes a British colony.
  • 1811An unsuccessful slave revolt is led by Charles Deslondes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
  • 1815War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans: Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British.
  • 1835 – The United States national debt is zero for the only time.
  • 1863American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • 1867African American men are granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
  • 1877Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle against the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory.
  • 1889Herman Hollerith is issued US patent #395,791 for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' — his punched card calculator.
  • 1904 – The Blackstone Library is dedicated, marking the beginning of the Chicago Public Library system.
  • 1912 – The African National Congress is founded.
  • 1918 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces his "Fourteen Points" for the aftermath of World War I.
  • 1920 – The steel strike of 1919 ends in a complete failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers labor union.
  • 1940World War II: Britain introduces food rationing.
  • 1945 – World War II: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese Imperial forces.
  • 1956Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  • 1961 – In France a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle's policies in Algeria.
  • 1962 – The Harmelen train disaster killed 93 people in the Netherlands.
  • 1963Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
  • 1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a "War on Poverty" in the United States.
  • 1971 – Bowing to international pressure, President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto releases Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from prison, who had been arrested after declaring the independence of Bangladesh.
  • 1973Soviet space mission Luna 21 is launched.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins.
  • 1975Ella T. Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States other than by succeeding her husband.
  • 1977Three bombs explode in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union, within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group.
  • 1979Password Plus debuts on NBC.
  • 1981 – A local farmer reports a UFO sighting in Trans-en-Provence, France, claimed to be "perhaps the most completely and carefully documented sighting of all time".
  • 1982Breakup of the Bell System: AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions.
  • 1989Kegworth air disaster: British Midland Flight 92, a Boeing 737-400, crashes into the M1 motorway, killing 47 of the 126 people on board.
  • 1994 – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 leaves for Mir. He would stay on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space.
  • 1996 – An Antonov An-32 cargo aircraft crashes into a crowded market in Kinshasa, Zaire, killing up to 237 on the ground; the aircraft's crew of six survive the crash.
  • 2002 – President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.
  • 2003Turkish Airlines Flight 634 crashes near Diyarbakır Airport, Turkey, killing the entire crew and 70 of the 75 passengers.
  • 2003 – Air Midwest Flight 5481 crashes at Charlotte-Douglas Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, killing all 21 people on board.
  • 2004 – The Template:RMS, the largest ocean liner ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 2005 – The nuclear sub Template:Ship collides at full speed with an undersea mountain south of Guam. One man is killed, but the sub surfaces and is repaired.
  • 2009 – A 6.1-magnitude earthquake in northern Costa Rica kills 15 people and injures 32.
  • 2010 – Gunmen from an offshoot the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda attack a bus carrying the Togo national football team on its way to the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, killing three.
  • 2011 – The attempted assassination of Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona, in which five people were shot dead.

Births

  • 1556Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese daimyo (d. 1623)
  • 1583Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1643)
  • 1587Johannes Fabricius, German astronomer and academic (d. 1616)
  • 1589Ivan Gundulić, Croatian poet and playwright (d. 1638)
  • 1601Baltasar Gracián, Spanish priest and author (d. 1658)
  • 1628François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg, French general (d. 1695)
  • 1632Samuel von Pufendorf, German economist and jurist (d. 1694)
  • 1635Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish cardinal (d. 1709)
  • 1638Elisabetta Sirani, Italian painter (d. 1665)
  • 1680Sebastiano Conca, Italian painter (d. 1764)
  • 1735John Carroll, American archbishop, founder of Georgetown University (d. 1815)
  • 1763Edmond-Charles Genêt, French-American translator and diplomat (d. 1834)
  • 1786Nicholas Biddle, American banker and financier (d. 1844)
  • 1788Archduke Rudolf of Austria (d. 1831)
  • 1792Lowell Mason, American composer and educator (d. 1872)
  • 1805John Bigler, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 3rd Governor of California (d. 1871)
  • 1805 – Orson Hyde, American religious leader, 3rd President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (d. 1878)
  • 1812Sigismond Thalberg, Swiss pianist and composer (d. 1871)
  • 1817Theophilus Shepstone, English-South African politician (d. 1893)
  • 1821James Longstreet, American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Turkey (d. 1904)
  • 1821 – W. H. L. Wallace, American lawyer and general (d. 1862)
  • 1823Alfred Russel Wallace, Welsh-English geographer, biologist, and explorer (d. 1913)
  • 1824Wilkie Collins, English author and playwright (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet and composer (d. 1861)
  • 1830Albert Bierstadt, German-American painter and educator (d. 1902)
  • 1830 – Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
  • 1836Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch-English painter and academic (d. 1912)
  • 1843Frederick Abberline, English police officer (d. 1929)
  • 1843 – Karl Eduard Heusner, German admiral (d. 1891)
  • 1843 – John H. Moffitt, American sergeant and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1926)
  • 1852James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • 1854Fanny Bullock Workman, American mountaineer, geographer, and cartographer (d. 1925)
  • 1860Emma Booth, English author (d. 1903)
  • 1862Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher, founded the Doubleday Publishing Company (d. 1934)
  • 1864Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • 1865Winnaretta Singer, American philanthropist (d. 1943)
  • 1866William G. Conley, American educator and politician, 18th Governor of West Virginia (d. 1940)
  • 1867Emily Greene Balch, American economist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1870Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1930)
  • 1871James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish captain and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (d. 1940)
  • 1873Iuliu Maniu, Romanian lawyer and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1873 – Elena of Montenegro (d. 1956)
  • 1876Arturs Alberings, Latvian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Latvia (d. 1934)
  • 1879Charles Bryant, English-American actor and director (d. 1948)
  • 1881Henrik Shipstead, American dentist and politician (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Linnie Marsh Wolfe, American librarian and author (d. 1945)
  • 1883Pavel Filonov, Russian painter and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Patrick J. Hurley, American general, politician, and diplomat, 51st United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • 1885John Curtin, Australian journalist and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1945)
  • 1885 – Mór Kóczán, Hungarian javelin thrower and pastor (d. 1972)
  • 1885 – A. J. Muste, Dutch-American pastor and activist (d. 1967)
  • 1888Richard Courant, German-American mathematician and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1891Walther Bothe, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1891 – Storm Jameson, English journalist and author (d. 1986)
  • 1891 – Bronislava Nijinska, Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 1972)
  • 1894Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr and saint (d. 1941)
  • 1896Arthur Ford, American psychic, founded the Spiritual Frontiers Fellowship (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Jaromír Weinberger, Czech-American composer and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1897Dennis Wheatley, English soldier and author (d. 1977)
  • 1899S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (d. 1959)
  • 1900Merlyn Myer, Australian philanthropist (d. 1982)
  • 1902Georgy Malenkov, Russian engineer and politician (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Carl Rogers, American psychologist and academic (d. 1987)
  • 1904Karl Brandt, German physician and SS officer (d. 1948)
  • 1904 – Tampa Red, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1905Carl Gustav Hempel, German philosopher from the Vienna and the Berlin Circle (d. 1997)
  • 1905 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and poet (d. 1988)
  • 1906Serge Poliakoff, Russian-French painter (d. 1969)
  • 1907Keizō Hayashi, Japanese general and civil servant (d. 1991)
  • 1908Fearless Nadia, Australian-Indian actress and stuntwoman (d. 1966)
  • 1909Ashapoorna Devi, Indian author and poet (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Willy Millowitsch, German actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Bruce Mitchell, South African cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Nikolaos Platon, Greek archaeologist (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Evelyn Wood, American author and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1910Galina Ulanova, Russian actress and ballerina (d. 1998)
  • 1911Tom Delaney, English race car driver and businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress, dancer, and author (d. 1970)
  • 1912José Ferrer, Puerto Rican-American actor and director (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Lawrence Walsh, Canadian-American lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th United States Deputy Attorney General (d. 2014)
  • 1915Walker Cooper, American baseball player and manager (d. 1991)
  • 1917Peter Matthew Hillsman Taylor, American author, playwright, and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1920Richard Benedict, American actor and director (d. 1984)
  • 1922Dale D. Myers, American engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Jan Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (d. 1986)
  • 1923Larry Storch, American actor and comedian
  • 1923 – Giorgio Tozzi, American opera singer and actor (d. 2011)
  • 1923 – Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American computer scientist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1924Benjamin Lees, Chinese-American soldier and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Ron Moody, English actor and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1925Mohan Rakesh, Indian author and playwright (d. 1972)
  • 1926Evelyn Lear, American operatic soprano (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Kelucharan Mohapatra, Indian dancer and choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Hanae Mori, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1926 – Soupy Sales, American comedian and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1927Charles Tomlinson, English poet and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1928Slade Gorton, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 14th Attorney General of Washington
  • 1928 – Gaston Miron, Canadian poet and author (d. 1996)
  • 1931Bill Graham, German-American businessman (d. 1991)
  • 1931 – Clarence Benjamin Jones, American lawyer and scholar
  • 1933Nolan Miller, American fashion and jewelry designer (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Charles Osgood, American soldier and journalist
  • 1933 – Jean-Marie Straub, French director and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Willie Tasby, American baseball player
  • 1934Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (d. 1987)
  • 1934 – Gene Freese, American baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Alexandra Ripley, American author (d. 2004)
  • 1935Lewis H. Lapham, American publisher, founded Lapham's Quarterly
  • 1935 – Elvis Presley, American singer, guitarist, and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1936Zdeněk Mácal, Czech-American conductor
  • 1936 – Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-English zoologist, ecologist, and academic
  • 1937Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
  • 1938Bob Eubanks, American game show host and producer
  • 1938 – Anthony Giddens, English sociologist and academic
  • 1938 – Yevgeny Nesterenko, Russian opera singer and educator
  • 1939Carolina Herrera, Venezuelan-American fashion designer
  • 1939 – Ruth Maleczech, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Alan Wilson, English mathematician and academic
  • 1940Mark Bretscher, English biologist and academic
  • 1941Graham Chapman, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1942Stephen Hawking, English physicist and author
  • 1942 – Junichirō Koizumi, Japanese politician, 56th Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1942 – Yvette Mimieux, American actress
  • 1942 – Royce Waltman, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1943Charles Murray, American political scientist and author
  • 1944Terry Brooks, American lawyer and author
  • 1945Nancy Bond, American author and academic
  • 1945 – Kadir Topbaş, Turkish architect and politician, 31st Mayor of Istanbul
  • 1946Robby Krieger, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1947Don Bendell, American rancher and author
  • 1947 – David Bowie, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – David Gates, American journalist and author
  • 1947 – Antti Kalliomäki, Finnish pole vaulter and politician
  • 1947 – Samuel Schmid, Swiss lawyer and politician, 90th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1947 – Luke Williams, New Zealand-American wrestler
  • 1948Jerzy Kaczmarek, Polish fencer
  • 1948 – Gillies MacKinnon, Scottish director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Zekai Özger, Turkish poet and academic (d. 1973)
  • 1949John Podesta, American lawyer and politician, 20th White House Chief of Staff
  • 1949 – Lawrence Rowe, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1951Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Saint Lucia
  • 1951 – John McTiernan, American director and producer
  • 1951 – Franz Pachl, German chess player and composer
  • 1951 – Karen Tei Yamashita, American author and academic
  • 1952Vladimir Feltsman, Russian-American pianist and educator
  • 1952 – Peter McCullagh, Irish mathematician and academic
  • 1952 – Mel Reynolds, American academic and politician
  • 1953Bruce Sutter, American baseball player
  • 1954Konstantinos Kypriotis, Greek martial artist (d. 1995)
  • 1955Joan Kingston, Canadian nurse, educator, and politician
  • 1955 – Spiros Livathinos, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1955 – Mike Reno, Canadian singer and drummer
  • 1957Nacho Duato, Spanish dancer and choreographer
  • 1957 – David Lang, American composer and academic
  • 1958Rey Misterio, Sr., Mexican wrestler, trainer, and actor
  • 1959Kim Duk-koo, South Korean boxer (d. 1982)
  • 1959 – Paul Hester, Australian drummer (d. 2005)
  • 1959 – Keith Rodden, American NASCAR crew chief
  • 1960Lee Tomboulian, American pianist, accordion player, composer, and educator
  • 1960 – Dave Weckl, American drummer
  • 1961Keith Arkell, English chess player
  • 1961 – Calvin Smith, American sprinter
  • 1962Chris Marion, American singer and keyboard player
  • 1964Marc Quinn, English sculptor
  • 1964 – Ron Sexsmith, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1966Igor Vyazmikin, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2009)
  • 1966 – Andrew Wood, American singer-songwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1967Willie Anderson, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Torsten Gowitzke, German footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Steven Jacobs, Australian television host and actor
  • 1967 – Tom Watson, English politician
  • 1968Keith Mullings, Jamaican-American boxer
  • 1969J. Hunter Johnson, American game designer, author, and translator
  • 1970Jason Giambi, American baseball player
  • 1971Jesper Jansson, Swedish footballer
  • 1971 – Mike Süsser, German chef and author
  • 1971 – Pascal Zuberbühler, Swiss footballer and coach
  • 1972Paul Clement, English footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1972 – Giuseppe Favalli, Italian footballer
  • 1973Mike Cameron, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Henning Solberg, Norwegian race car driver
  • 1973 – Jason Stevens, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1975Harris Jayaraj, Indian composer and producer
  • 1976Kenneth Andam, Ghanaian sprinter and businessman
  • 1976 – Jenny Lewis, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1976 – Carl Pavano, American baseball player
  • 1977Amber Benson, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1977 – Ilisha Jarret, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Lee Yoo-jin, South Korean actress and host
  • 1979Torry Castellano, American drummer
  • 1979 – Seol Ki-hyeon, South Korean footballer and manager
  • 1979 – Adrian Mutu, Romanian footballer
  • 1979 – Stipe Pletikosa, Croatian footballer
  • 1979 – Sarah Polley, Canadian actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Tomasz Schafernaker, Polish-English meteorologist
  • 1979 – Mirella van Melis, Dutch cyclist
  • 1980Adam Goodes, Australian footballer
  • 1980 – Rachel Nichols, American actress and producer
  • 1981Jeff Francis, Canadian baseball player
  • 1981 – Ioannis Kokkodis, Greek swimmer
  • 1981 – Virgil Spier, Dutch sprinter and hurdler
  • 1981 – Trent Waterhouse, Australian rugby player
  • 1982Emanuele Calaiò, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Wil Francis, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1982 – Gaby Hoffmann, American actress
  • 1983Jon Daly, Irish footballer
  • 1983 – Chris Masters, American wrestler and actor
  • 1984Jeff Francoeur, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Stephen Simpson, South African race car driver
  • 1984 – Jeon Ji-ae, South Korean actress
  • 1984 – Kim Jong-un, North Korean soldier and politician, 3rd Supreme Leader of North Korea
  • 1986David Silva, Spanish footballer
  • 1987Carmen Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1988Vitaliy Hoshkoderya, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1988 – Adrián López, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Michael Mancienne, English footballer
  • 1989Aaron Cruden, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1989 – Kristján Einar, Icelandic race car driver
  • 1989 – Lee Yi-kyung, South Korean actor
  • 1990Hassan Adhuham, Maldivian footballer
  • 1990 – Jeff Allen, American football player
  • 1990 – Sascha Bigalke, German footballer
  • 1990 – Scott Pye, Australian race car driver
  • 1991Jorge Enríquez, Mexican footballer
  • 1991 – Stefan Savić, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1991 – Shin Ji-min, South Korean singer and rapper
  • 1991 – Emiliano Tabone, Argentinian footballer
  • 1992Koke, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Stefanie Dolson, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Apostolos Vellios, Greek footballer
  • 1993Giovanni Galbieri, Italian sprinter

Deaths

  • 307Emperor Hui of Jin (b. 259)
  • 482Severinus of Noricum, Italian saint (b. 410)
  • 1107Edgar, King of Scotland (b. 1074)
  • 1198Pope Celestine III (b. 1106)
  • 1337Giotto, Italian painter and architect, designed Scrovegni Chapel and Giotto's Campanile (b. 1266)
  • 1456Lawrence Giustiniani, Italian bishop and saint (b. 1381)
  • 1464Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian and academic (b. 1385)
  • 1557Albert Alcibiades, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (b. 1522)
  • 1570Philibert de l'Orme, French sculptor and architect, designed the Château d'Anet (b. 1510)
  • 1598John George, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1525)
  • 1642Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (b. 1564)
  • 1664Moses Amyraut, French physician and theologian (b. 1596)
  • 1707John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and politician, Scottish Secretary of State (b. 1648)
  • 1713Arcangelo Corelli, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1653)
  • 1775John Baskerville, English printer and type designer (b. 1706)
  • 1789Jack Broughton, English boxer (b. 1703)
  • 1794Justus Möser, German lawyer and jurist (b. 1720)
  • 1815Edward Pakenham, Anglo-Irish general and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1825Eli Whitney, American engineer and theorist, invented the cotton gin (b. 1765)
  • 1853Mihály Bertalanits, Slovene-Hungarian poet and educator (b. 1788)
  • 1854William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English field marshal and politician, Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance (b. 1768)
  • 1865Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. 1779)
  • 1874Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French historian and archaeologist (b. 1814)
  • 1878Nikolay Nekrasov, Russian poet and critic (b. 1821)
  • 1878Gauchito Gil, Argentinian saint (b. 1847)
  • 1880Emperor Norton, English-American businessman (b. 1811)
  • 1883Miska Magyarics, Slovene-Hungarian poet (b. 1825)
  • 1896William Rainey Marshall, American banker and politician, 5th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Paul Verlaine, French poet (b. 1844)
  • 1901John Barry, Irish soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1873)
  • 1912Friedrich Schrempf, German journalist and politician (b. 1858)
  • 1914Simon Bolivar Buckner, American general and 30th Governor of Kentucky (b. 1823)
  • 1916Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • 1916 – Ada Rehan, Irish-American actress (b. 1860)
  • 1918Johannes Pääsuke, Estonian photographer and director (b. 1892)
  • 1918 – Ellis H. Roberts, American journalist and politician, 20th Treasurer of the United States (b. 1827)
  • 1934Andrei Bely, Russian novelist, poet, and critic (b. 1880)
  • 1934 – Alexandre Stavisky, Ukrainian-French financier (b. 1886)
  • 1935Rauf Yekta, Turkish musicologist and author (b. 1871)
  • 1938Johnny Gruelle, American author and illustrator (b. 1880)
  • 1941Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, English general (b. 1857)
  • 1942Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American lawyer and religious leader (b. 1869)
  • 1943Richard Hillary, Australian pilot and author (b. 1919)
  • 1943 – Andres Larka, Estonian general and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of War (b. 1879)
  • 1944William Kissam Vanderbilt II, American lieutenant and sailor (b. 1878)
  • 1945Karl Ernst Krafft, Swiss astrologer and author (b. 1900)
  • 1948Kurt Schwitters, German painter and graphic designer (b. 1887)
  • 1950Joseph Schumpeter, Czech-American economist and academic (b. 1883)
  • 1952Antonia Maury, American astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1866)
  • 1953Hugh Binney, English admiral and politician, 16th Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • 1954Eduard Wiiralt, Estonian-French painter and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1956Jim Elliot, American missionary and martyr (b. 1928)
  • 1958Mary Colter, American architect, designed the Desert View Watchtower (b. 1869)
  • 1958 – John Duff, Canadian race car driver (b. 1895)
  • 1961Schoolboy Rowe, American baseball player and coach (b. 1910)
  • 1969Albert Hill, English runner and coach (b. 1889)
  • 1969 – Elmar Kaljot, Estonian footballer and coach (b. 1901)
  • 1970Jani Christou, Egyptian-Greek pianist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1970 – Georges Guibourg, French actor, singer, and playwright (b. 1891)
  • 1972Kenneth Patchen, American poet and author (b. 1911)
  • 1975Richard Tucker, American tenor (b. 1913)
  • 1976Zhou Enlai, Chinese soldier and politician, 1st Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – Robert Forgan, Scottish-English physician and politician (b. 1891)
  • 1979Sara Carter, American singer-songwriter and harp player (b. 1898)
  • 1980John Mauchly, American physicist and academic (b. 1907)
  • 1981Matthew Beard, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1982Grégoire Aslan, Swiss-English actor and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1983Hüseyin Alp, Turkish basketball player and actor (b. 1935)
  • 1983 – Gerhard Barkhorn, German general and pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1983 – Tom McCall, American journalist and politician 30th Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)
  • 1984Eerik Kumari, Estonian ornithologist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1986Pierre Fournier, French cellist and educator (b. 1906)
  • 1990Bernard Krigstein, American illustrator (b. 1919)
  • 1990 – Terry-Thomas, English actor and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1991Steve Clark, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1960)
  • 1994Pat Buttram, American actor and comedian (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Harvey Haddix, American baseball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 1995Carlos Monzón, Argentinian boxer and actor (b. 1942)
  • 1996Metin Göktepe, Turkish photographer and journalist (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – François Mitterrand, French sergeant and politician, 21st President of France (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Howard Taubman, American author and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1997Melvin Calvin, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1998Michael Tippett, English composer and conductor (b. 1905)
  • 2002Alexander Prokhorov, Australian-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Dave Thomas, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Wendy's (b. 1932)
  • 2003Ron Goodwin, English composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2004John A. Gambling, American radio host (b. 1930)
  • 2006Tony Banks, Baron Stratford, Northern Irish broadcaster and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics (b. 1943)
  • 2007Jane Bolin, American lawyer and judge (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – David Ervine, Northern Irish politician and activist (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Iwao Takamoto, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2008George Moore, Australian jockey and trainer (b. 1923)
  • 2010Art Clokey, American animator, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2011Jiří Dienstbier, Czech journalist and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2011 – John Roll, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (b. 1947)
  • 2011 – Thorbjørn Svenssen, Norwegian footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2012Dave Alexander, American singer and pianist (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – T. J. Hamblin, English haematologist and academic (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – John Madin, English architect, designed the Birmingham Central Library (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Bernhard Schrader, German chemist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Alexis Weissenberg, Bulgarian-French pianist and educator (b. 1929)
  • 2013Kenojuak Ashevak, Canadian sculptor and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Jeanne Manford, American educator and activist, co-founded PFLAG (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Alasdair Milne, Indian-English director and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2014Vicente T. Blaz, American general and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Madeline Gins, American poet and architect (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Irma Heijting-Schuhmacher, Dutch-Australian swimmer (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Antonino P. Roman, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2015Andraé Crouch, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pastor (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Kep Enderby, Australian lawyer, judge, and politician, 23rd Attorney-General for Australia (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Patsy Garrett, American actress and singer (b. 1921)
  • 2016Otis Clay, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian race car driver (b. 1926)

Holidays and observances

  • Babinden (Belarus, Russia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abo of Tiflis
    • Apollinaris Claudius
    • Blessed Eurosia Fabris
    • Gauchito Gil (Folk Catholicism)
    • Gudula
    • Harriet Bedell (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Lawrence Giustiniani
    • Lucian of Beauvais
    • Our Lady of Prompt Succor (Bon Secours) (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Pega
    • Severinus of Noricum
    • Thorfinn of Hamar
    • January 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Commonwealth Day (Northern Mariana Islands)
  • Earliest day on which Children's Day can fall, while January 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Saturday in January. (Thailand)
  • Typing Day (International observance)

External links

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