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January 6 is the sixth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 359 days remain until the end of the year (360 in leap years).

Events[]

Pre-1600[]

  • 1066 – Following the death of Edward the Confessor on the previous day, the Witan meets to confirm Harold Godwinson as the new King of England; Harold is crowned the same day, sparking a succession crisis that will eventually lead to the Norman conquest of England.[1]
  • 1205Philip of Swabia undergoes a second coronation as King of the Romans.[2]
  • 1322Stephen Uroš III is crowned King of Serbia, having defeated his half-brother Stefan Konstantin in battle. His son is crowned "young king" in the same ceremony.[3]
  • 1355Charles IV of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy as King of Italy in Milan.[4]
  • 1449Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor at Mystras.[5]
  • 1492 – The Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella enter Granada at the conclusion of the Granada War.[6]
  • 1536 – The first European school of higher learning in the Americas, Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, is founded by Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and Bishop Juan de Zumárraga in Mexico City.[7]
  • 1540 – King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves.[8]
  • 1579 – The Union of Arras unites the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma (Ottavio Farnese), governor in the name of King Philip II of Spain.[9]

1601–1900[]

  • 1641Arauco War: The first Parliament of Quillín is celebrated, putting a temporary hold on hostilities between Mapuches and Spanish in Chile.[10]
  • 1661English Restoration: The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London, England. The revolt is suppressed after a few days.[11]
  • 1721 – The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings, revealing details of fraud among company directors and corrupt politicians.[12]
  • 1724Sie werden aus Saba alle kommen, BWV 65, a Bach cantata, for Epiphany, is performed the first time.[13]
  • 1781 – In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey in the Channel Islands.[14]
  • 1809 – Combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces begin the Invasion of Cayenne during the Napoleonic Wars.[15]
  • 1838Alfred Vail and colleagues demonstrate a telegraph system using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code).[16]
  • 1839 – The Night of the Big Wind, the most damaging storm in 300 years, sweeps across Ireland, damaging or destroying more than 20% of the houses in Dublin.[17]
  • 1847Samuel Colt obtains his first contract for the sale of revolver pistols to the United States government.[18]
  • 1870 – The inauguration of the Musikverein in Vienna, Austria.[19]
  • 1893 – The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress.[20] The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
  • 1900Second Boer War: Having already besieged the fortress at Ladysmith, Boer forces attack it, but are driven back by British defenders.[21]

1901–present[]

  • 1907Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome, Italy.[22]
  • 1912New Mexico is admitted to the Union as the 47th U.S. state.[23]
  • 1912 – German geophysicist Alfred Wegener first presents his theory of continental drift.[24]
  • 1929 – King Alexander of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes suspends his country's constitution (the January 6th Dictatorship).[25]
  • 1929 – Mother Teresa arrives by sea in Calcutta, India, to begin her work among India's poorest and sick people.[26]
  • 1930Clessie Cummins arrives at the National Automobile Show in New York City, having driven a car powered by one of his diesel engines from Indianapolis.[27]
  • 1941 – United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms speech in the State of the Union address.[28]
  • 1946 – The first general election ever in Vietnam is held.[29]
  • 1947Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to offer a round-the-world ticket.[30]
  • 1950 – The United Kingdom recognizes the People's Republic of China.[31] The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with the UK in response.
  • 1951Korean War: Beginning of the Ganghwa massacre, in the course of which an estimated 200–1,300 South Korean communist sympathizers are slaughtered.[32]
  • 1960National Airlines Flight 2511 is destroyed in mid-air by a bomb, while en route from New York City to Miami.[33]
  • 1960 – The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties.[34]
  • 1967Vietnam War: United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.[35]
  • 1974 – In response to the 1973 oil crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.[36]
  • 1989Satwant Singh and Kehar Singh are sentenced to death for conspiracy in the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi; the two men are executed the same day.[37]
  • 1992President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia flees the country as a result of the military coup.[38]
  • 1993 – Indian Border Security Force units kill 55 Kashmiri civilians in Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir, in revenge after militants ambushed a BSF patrol.[39]
  • 1993 – Four people are killed when Lufthansa CityLine Flight 5634 crashes on approach to Charles de Gaulle Airport in Roissy-en-France, France.[40]
  • 1994 – U.S. figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is attacked and injured by an assailant hired by her rival Tonya Harding's ex-husband during the U.S. Figure Skating Championships.[41]
  • 1995 – A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.[42]
  • 2000 – The last natural Pyrenean ibex, Celia, is killed by a falling tree, thus making the species extinct.[43]
  • 2005Edgar Ray Killen is indicted for the 1964 murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner during the American Civil Rights Movement.[44]
  • 2005 – A train collision in Graniteville, South Carolina, United States, releases about 60 tons of chlorine gas.[45]
  • 2012 – Twenty-six people are killed and 63 wounded when a suicide bomber blows himself up at a police station in Damascus.[46]
  • 2017 – Five people are killed and six others injured in a mass shooting at Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport in Broward County, Florida.[47]
  • 2019 – Forty people are killed in a gold mine collapse in Badakhshan province, in northern Afghanistan.[48]
  • 2019 – Muhammad V of Kelantan resigns as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, becoming the first monarch to do so.[49]
  • 2021 – Supporters of U.S. President Donald Trump attack the United States Capitol to disrupt certification of the 2020 presidential election, resulting in five deaths and evacuation of the U.S. Congress.[50]

Births[]

  • 1367Richard II of England (d. 1400)
  • 1384Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, English son of Alice Holland, Countess of Kent (d. 1408)
  • 1412Joan of Arc, French martyr and saint (d. 1431)
  • 1486Martin Agricola, German composer and theorist (d. 1556)
  • 1488Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (d. 1540)
  • 1525Caspar Peucer, German physician and scholar (d. 1602)
  • 1561Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (d. 1656)
  • 1587Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares (d. 1645)
  • 1595Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French educator and courtier (d. 1650)
  • 1617Christoffer Gabel, Danish politician (d. 1673)
  • 1641Wolfgang Dietrich of Castell-Remlingen, German nobleman (d. 1709)
  • 1655Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg (d. 1720)
  • 1670Alexander Gordon, Scottish-Russian general (d. 1752)
  • 1673James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English academic and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire (d. 1744)
  • 1695Giuseppe Sammartini, Italian oboe player and composer (d. 1750)
  • 1702José de Nebra, Spanish composer (d. 1768)
  • 1714Percivall Pott, English surgeon (d. 1788)
  • 1785Andreas Moustoxydis, Greek historian and philologist (d. 1860)
  • 1793James Madison Porter, American lawyer and politician, 18th United States Secretary of War (d. 1862)
  • 1795Anselme Payen, French chemist and academic (d. 1871)
  • 1799Jedediah Smith, American hunter, explorer, and author (d. 1831)
  • 1803Henri Herz, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1888)
  • 1807Joseph Petzval, German-Hungarian mathematician and physicist (d. 1891)
  • 1808Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American oncologist and paleontologist (d. 1864)
  • 1811Charles Sumner, American lawyer and politician (d. 1874)
  • 1812Melchora Aquino, Filipino activist (d. 1919)
  • 1819Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (d. 1886)
  • 1822Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist and businessman (d. 1890)
  • 1832Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor (d. 1883)
  • 1836Ludwig Schüler, German lawyer and politician, Mayor of Marburg (d. 1930)
  • 1838Max Bruch, German composer and conductor (d. 1920)
  • 1842Clarence King, American geologist, mountaineer, and critic (d. 1901)
  • 1848Hristo Botev, Bulgarian poet and journalist (d. 1876)
  • 1850Eduard Bernstein, German theorist and politician (d. 1932)
  • 1850 – Franz Xaver Scharwenka, Polish-German pianist and composer (d. 1924)
  • 1856Giuseppe Martucci, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1909)
  • 1857Hugh Mahon, Irish-Australian publisher and politician, 10th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (d. 1931)
  • 1857 – William Russell, American lawyer and politician, 37th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1859Samuel Alexander, Australian-English philosopher and academic (d. 1938)
  • 1861Victor Horta, Belgian architect, designed Hôtel van Eetvelde (d. 1947)
  • 1861 – George Lloyd, English-Canadian bishop and theologian (d. 1940)
  • 1861 – János Zsupánek, Slovene-Hungarian author and poet (d. 1951)
  • 1866Dante Cappelli, Italian actor and director (d. 1948)
  • 1868Ștefan Luchian, Romanian painter and illustrator (d. 1917)
  • 1868 – Vittorio Monti, Italian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1922)
  • 1870Gustav Bauer, German journalist and politician, 11th Chancellor of Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1872Alexander Scriabin, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1915)
  • 1874Fred Niblo, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1948)
  • 1878Adeline Genée, Danish-born British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • 1878 – Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (d. 1967)
  • 1880Tom Mix, American cowboy and actor (d. 1940)
  • 1881Ion Minulescu, Romanian author, poet, and critic (d. 1944)
  • 1882Aleksandra Ekster, Polish-French painter and set designer (d. 1949)
  • 1882 – Fan S. Noli, Albanian-American bishop and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Sam Rayburn, American lawyer and politician, 48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1961)
  • 1883Kahlil Gibran, Lebanese-American poet, painter, and philosopher (d. 1931)
  • 1891Ted McDonald, Australian cricketer (d. 1937)
  • 1897Péter Veres, Hungarian politician, Hungarian Minister of Defense (d. 1970)
  • 1898James Fitzmaurice, Irish soldier and pilot (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Charles E. Pont, American minister and painter (d. 1971)
  • 1899Alphonse Castex, French rugby union player (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (d. 1960)
  • 1899 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German engineer (d. 1968)
  • 1902Helmut Poppendick, German physician (d. 1994)
  • 1903Maurice Abravanel, Greek-American pianist and conductor (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Francis L. Sullivan, English-American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1905Idris Davies, Welsh poet and author (d. 1953)
  • 1907David Fleay, Australian ornithologist and zoologist (d. 1993)
  • 1908Menachem Avidom, Hungarian-Israeli composer (d. 1995)
  • 1910G. N. Balasubramaniam, Indian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1965)
  • 1910 – Wright Morris, American author and photographer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Yiannis Papaioannou, Greek composer and educator (d. 1989)
  • 1912Jacques Ellul, French philosopher and critic (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Danny Thomas, American actor, comedian, producer and humanitarian; founded St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (d. 1991)
  • 1913Edward Gierek, Polish lawyer and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Loretta Young, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914Godfrey Edward Arnold, Austrian-American physician and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1915Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1915 – John C. Lilly, American psychoanalyst, physician, and philosopher (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Alan Watts, English-American philosopher and author (d. 1973)
  • 1916Eugene Thomas Maleska, American journalist (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Vincent Serventy, Australian ornithologist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1917Koo Chen-fu, Taiwanese businessman and diplomat (d. 2005)
  • 1919Roy Cochran, American hurdler and sprinter (d. 1981)
  • 1920John Maynard Smith, English biologist and geneticist (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Early Wynn, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 1999)
  • 1921Marianne Grunberg-Manago, Russian-French biochemist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 1998)
  • 1922Hugo Broch, German lieutenant and pilot
  • 1923Vladimir Kazantsev, Russian runner (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Norman Kirk, New Zealand engineer and politician, 29th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentinian journalist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1924Earl Scruggs, American banjo player (Flatt and Scruggs) (d. 2012)
  • 1925John DeLorean, American engineer and businessman, founded the DeLorean Motor Company (d. 2005)
  • 1926Ralph Branca, American baseball player (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Pat Flaherty, American race car driver (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Kid Gavilán, Cuban-American boxer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-American actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Günter Rössler, German photographer and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1927Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, American physician and academic, 11th Surgeon General of the United States (d. 2014)
  • 1928Capucine, French actress and model (d. 1990)
  • 1928 – George H. Ross, American lawyer and businessman
  • 1929Anne Rogers Clark, American dog breeder and trainer (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Babrak Karmal, Afghan politician (d. 1996)
  • 1930W. Wallace Cleland, American biochemist and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1931E. L. Doctorow, American novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Juan Goytisolo, Spanish poet and author
  • 1931 – Graeme Hole, Australian cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – P. J. Kavanagh, English poet and author (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Dickie Moore, Canadian ice hockey player and businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1932Stuart A. Rice, American chemist and academic
  • 1933John Clive, English author and actor (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, Russian engineer and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Ian McColl, Baron McColl of Dulwich, English surgeon and academic
  • 1933 – Emil Steinberger, Swiss actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Fred L. Turner, American businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1934Harry M. Miller, Australian talent agent and publicist
  • 1934 – Sylvia Syms, English actress
  • 1935Ian Meckiff, Australian cricketer
  • 1935 – Joseph Rotman, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2015)
  • 1936Rubén Amaro, Sr., Mexican baseball player and scout
  • 1936 – Darlene Hard, American tennis player
  • 1936 – Julio María Sanguinetti, Uruguayan journalist, lawyer, and politician, 29th President of Uruguay
  • 1937Paolo Conte, Italian singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1937 – Ludvík Daněk, Czech discus thrower (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Lou Holtz, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Doris Troy, American singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1938Adriano Celentano, Italian singer-songwriter, actor, and director
  • 1938 – Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist and academic
  • 1938 – Mario Rodríguez Cobos, Argentinian philosopher and author (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – William E. Connolly, American political scientist, theorist, and academic
  • 1939Georgios Babiniotis, Greek linguist and philologist
  • 1939 – Murray Rose, Australian swimmer and sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1940Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (d. 1989)
  • 1940 – Van McCoy, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1943Terry Venables, English footballer and manager
  • 1944Bonnie Franklin, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Alan Stivell, French singer-songwriter and harp player
  • 1944 – Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945Allen Appel, American author, illustrator, and photographer
  • 1945 – Barry John, Welsh rugby player
  • 1946Syd Barrett, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1947Sandy Denny, English singer-songwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1948Guy Gardner, American colonel and astronaut
  • 1949Mike Boit, Kenyan runner and academic
  • 1949 – Carolyn D. Wright, American poet and academic
  • 1950Louis Freeh, American lawyer and jurist, 10th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1951Don Gullett, American baseball player and coach
  • 1951 – Kim Wilson, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player
  • 1952Moondog Spot, American wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1953Malcolm Young, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1954Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer, created Dragon Quest
  • 1954 – Anthony Minghella, English director and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1954 – Trudie Styler, English actress and activist
  • 1955Ajayi Agbebaku, Nigerian triple jumper
  • 1955 – Rowan Atkinson, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Alex Forsyth, American ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Susan B. Horwitz, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1955 – Graham Murray, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1956Elizabeth Strout, American author and academic
  • 1956 – Justin Welby, English archbishop
  • 1956 – Clive Woodward, English rugby player and coach
  • 1957Michael Foale, British-American astrophysicist and astronaut
  • 1957 – Nancy Lopez, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1958Themos Anastasiadis, Greek journalist and economist
  • 1958 – Scott Bryce, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1958 – Margus Hanson, Estonian lawyer and politician, 23rd Estonian Minister of Defence
  • 1958 – Mohsen Rastani, Iranian photographer and journalist
  • 1959Kapil Dev, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1959 – Kathy Sledge, American singer
  • 1960Paul Azinger, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Eric Grothe, Sr., Australian rugby league player
  • 1960 – Kari Jalonen, Finnish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1960 – Nigella Lawson, English chef and author
  • 1960 – Howie Long, American football player and sports commentator
  • 1961Georges Jobé, Belgian motocross racer (d. 2012)
  • 1962Michael Houser, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002)
  • 1962 – Kevin Rosier, American mixed martial artist and boxer (d. 2015)
  • 1962 – Vangelis Vlachos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1963Norm Charlton, American baseball player and coach
  • 1963 – Paul Kipkoech, Kenyan runner (d. 1995)
  • 1963 – Ian Lavery, English miner and politician
  • 1964Konnan, Cuban-American wrestler and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Charles Haley, American football player and coach
  • 1964 – Jacqueline Moore, American wrestler and manager
  • 1964 – Mark O'Toole, English bass player
  • 1964 – Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan swimmer and sportscaster (d. 2005)
  • 1965Muhammed al-Ahari, American author and scholar
  • 1965 – Laurence Hurst, English biologist and academic
  • 1965 – Bjørn Lomborg, Danish author and academic
  • 1965 – Murray McLachlan, Scottish pianist
  • 1965 – Christine Wachtel, German runner
  • 1966Sharon Cuneta, Filipino singer and actress
  • 1968John Singleton, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969Norman Reedus, American actor and model
  • 1970Julie Chen, American television journalist, presenter, and producer
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Reece, American volleyball player, sportscaster, and actress
  • 1971Karin Slaughter, American author
  • 1973Scott Ferguson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1973 – Vasso Karantasiou, Greek volleyball player
  • 1974Daniel Cordone, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – Paul Grant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1975James Farrior, American football player
  • 1975 – Jason King, English radio and television host
  • 1976Johnny Yong Bosch, American actor, voice artist, martial artist, and musician
  • 1976 – Richard Zedník, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1978Nikki Einfeld, Canadian soprano and actress
  • 1978 – Casey Fossum, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Bubba Franks, American football player
  • 1979Camila Grey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980Steed Malbranque, Belgian-French footballer
  • 1980 – Sam Sallon, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Park Si-eun, South Korean actress
  • 1981Mike Jones, American rapper and actor
  • 1981 – Rinko Kikuchi, Japanese actress and director
  • 1981 – Jérémie Renier, Belgian-French actor
  • 1981 – Asante Samuel, American football player
  • 1982Gilbert Arenas, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Brian Bass, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Eddie Redmayne, English actor
  • 1983Adam Burish, American ice hockey player
  • 1984Kate McKinnon, American actress and comedian
  • 1984 – Eric Trump, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1985Inge Vermeulen, Brazilian-Dutch field hockey player (d. 2015)
  • 1985 – Seo Hyo-rim, South Korean actress
  • 1986Paul McShane, Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Petter Northug, Norwegian skier
  • 1986 – Benjamin Simm, German rugby player
  • 1986 – Mike Teel, American football player
  • 1986 – Alex Turner, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1987Gemma Gibbons, English-Scottish martial artist
  • 1987 – Bongani Khumalo, South African footballer
  • 1987 – Zhang Lin, Chinese swimmer
  • 1989Andy Carroll, English footballer
  • 1989 – James Durbin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1993Lil Reese, American rapper
  • 1994Jameis Winston, American football player

Deaths[]

  • 429Honoratus, French archbishop and saint (b. 350)
  • 664'Amr ibn al-'As, Arabian general and politician, Governor of Egypt (b. 583)
  • 786Abo of Tiflis, Iraqi martyr and saint (b. 756)
  • 884Hasan ibn Zayd, Tabaristan ruler
  • 1088Berengar of Tours, French scholar and theologian (b. 999)
  • 1148Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke (b. 1100)
  • 1148 – William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey
  • 1275Raymond of Penyafort, Catalan archbishop and saint (b. 1175)
  • 1387Peter IV of Aragon (b. 1319)
  • 1481Ahmed Khan bin Küchük, Mongolian ruler
  • 1537Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (b. 1510)
  • 1537 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter, designed the Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne (b. 1481)
  • 1616Philip Henslowe, English businessman (b. 1550)
  • 1646Elias Holl, German architect, designed the Augsburg Town Hall (b. 1573)
  • 1689Seth Ward, English bishop, mathematician, and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • 1693Mehmed IV, Ottoman sultan (b. 1642)
  • 1711Philips van Almonde, Dutch admiral (b. 1646)
  • 1718Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian lawyer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • 1725Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese actor and playwright (b. 1653)
  • 1731Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (b. 1672)
  • 1734John Dennis, English playwright and critic (b. 1657)
  • 1813Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)
  • 1829Josef Dobrovský, Czech philologist and historian (b. 1753)
  • 1831Rodolphe Kreutzer, French violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1766)
  • 1840Frances Burney, English author and playwright (b. 1752)
  • 1852Louis Braille, French educator, invented Braille (b. 1809)
  • 1855Giacomo Beltrami, Italian jurist, explorer, and author (b. 1779)
  • 1882Richard Henry Dana, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1815)
  • 1884Gregor Mendel, Czech geneticist and botanist (b. 1822)
  • 1885Bharatendu Harishchandra, Indian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1850)
  • 1885 – Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian author and scholar (b. 1812)
  • 1896Thomas W. Knox, American journalist and author (b. 1835)
  • 1905George Van Cleaf, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1880)
  • 1913Frederick Hitch, English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1856)
  • 1917Hendrick Peter Godfried Quack, Dutch economist and historian (b. 1834)
  • 1918Georg Cantor, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1845)
  • 1919Max Heindel, Danish-American astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)
  • 1919 – Theodore Roosevelt, American colonel and politician, 26th President of the United States (b. 1858)
  • 1921Devil Anse Hatfield, American guerrilla leader (b. 1839)
  • 1922Jakob Rosanes, Ukrainian-German mathematician and chess player (b. 1842)
  • 1928Alvin Kraenzlein, American hurdler and long jumper (b. 1876)
  • 1933Vladimir de Pachmann, Ukrainian-German pianist (b. 1848)
  • 1934Herbert Chapman, English footballer and manager (b. 1878)
  • 1937André Bessette, Canadian saint (b. 1845)
  • 1939Gustavs Zemgals, Latvian journalist and politician, 2nd President of Latvia (b. 1871)
  • 1941Charley O'Leary, American baseball player and coach (b. 1882)
  • 1942Emma Calvé, French soprano and actress (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian businessman, 3rd President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1876)
  • 1944Jacques Rosenbaum, Estonian-German architect (b. 1878)
  • 1944 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist, author, and educator (b. 1857)
  • 1945Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist and chemist (b. 1863)
  • 1949Victor Fleming, American director, producer, and cinematographer (b. 1883)
  • 1952Sofoklis Dousmanis, Greek admiral and politician (b. 1868)
  • 1966Jean Lurçat, French painter (b. 1892)
  • 1972Chen Yi, Chinese general and politician, 2nd Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China (b. 1901)
  • 1974David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter (b. 1896)
  • 1978Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer (b. 1899)
  • 1980Raymond Mays, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1899)
  • 1981A. J. Cronin, Scottish physician and author (b. 1896)
  • 1984Ernest Laszlo, Hungarian-American cinematographer (b. 1898)
  • 1990Ian Charleson, Scottish-English actor (b. 1949)
  • 1990 – Pavel Cherenkov, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1991Ahmed Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer and musicologist (b. 1907)
  • 1993Dizzy Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Richard Mortensen, Danish painter and educator (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Rudolf Nureyev, Russian-French dancer and choreographer (b. 1938)
  • 1995Joe Slovo, Lithuanian-South African lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
  • 1999Michel Petrucciani, French-American pianist (b. 1962)
  • 2000Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
  • 2003Hirini Melbourne, New Zealand singer-songwriter and poet (b. 1949)
  • 2004Pierre Charles, Dominican educator and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Dominica (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (b. 1921)
  • 2005Eileen Desmond, Irish civil servant and politician, 12th Irish Minister for Health (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Lois Hole, Canadian academic and politician, 15th Lieutenant Governor of Alberta (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Tarquinio Provini, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Louis Robichaud, Canadian lawyer and politician, 25th Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1925)
  • 2006Lou Rawls, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Hugh Thompson, Jr., American soldier and pilot (b. 1943)
  • 2007Mario Danelo, American football player (b. 1985)
  • 2007 – Sneaky Pete Kleinow, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Roberta Wohlstetter, American political scientist, historian, and academic (b. 1912)
  • 2009Ron Asheton, American guitarist, songwriter, and actor (b. 1948)
  • 2011Uche Okafor, Nigerian footballer, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1967)
  • 2012Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist and engineer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – John Celardo, American illustrator (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Bob Holness, South African-English radio and television host (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – W. Francis McBeth, American composer (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Spike Pola, Australian footballer and soldier (b. 1914)
  • 2013Qazi Hussain Ahmad, Pakistani scholar and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Gerard Helders, Dutch jurist and politician (b. 1905)
  • 2013 – John Ingram, American lawyer and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Cho Sung-min, South Korean baseball player (b. 1973)
  • 2014Bob Bolen, American businessman and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Marina Ginestà, French Resistance soldier and photographer (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Nelson Ned, Brazilian singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Julian Rotter, American psychologist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2015Arthur Jackson, American lieutenant and target shooter (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Basil John Mason, English meteorologist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2016Pat Harrington, Jr., American actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Florence King, American journalist and author (b. 1936)
  • 2016 – Christy O'Connor Jnr, Irish golfer and architect (b. 1948)
  • 2016 – Silvana Pampanini, Italian model, actress, and director, Miss Italy 1946 (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Ioannis Petridis, Greek politician (b. 1931)


Holidays and observances[]

  • Armed Forces Day (Iraq)
  • Christian Feast day:
    • André Bessette (Roman Catholic Church)
    • January 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Epiphany (Western Christianity) or Theophany (Eastern Christianity), and its related observances:
    • Befana Day (Italy)
    • Christmas (Armenian Apostolic Church)
    • Christmas Eve (Russia)
    • Christmas Eve (Ukraine)
    • Little Christmas (Ireland)
    • Þrettándinn (Iceland)
  • Pathet Lao Day (Laos)
  • The beginning of the Carnival period, from Epiphany until Shrove Tuesday. (Roman Catholicism)

External links[]

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