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  2021 (Saturday)
  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Saturday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Monday)

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Events

  • 1018Poland and the Holy Roman Empire conclude the Peace of Bautzen.
  • 1607 – An estimated 200 square miles (51,800 ha) along the coasts of the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary in England are destroyed by massive flooding, resulting in an estimated 2,000 deaths.
  • 1648Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
  • 1649 – King Charles I of England is beheaded.
  • 1661Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed more than two years after his death, on the 12th anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
  • 1667 – The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth cedes Kiev, Smolensk, and left-bank Ukraine to the Tsardom of Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo.
  • 1703 – The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master.
  • 1789Tây Sơn forces emerge victorious against Qing armies and liberate the capital Thăng Long.
  • 1790 – The first boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
  • 1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.
  • 1820Edward Bransfield sights the Trinity Peninsula and claims the discovery of Antarctica.
  • 1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened.
  • 1835 – In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen as well as Jackson himself.
  • 1847Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco, California.
  • 1858 – The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of The Hallé orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
  • 1862 – The first American ironclad warship, the Template:Ship is launched.
  • 1889Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in the Mayerling.
  • 1902 – The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London.
  • 1908 – Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is released from prison by Jan C. Smuts after being tried and sentenced to two months in jail earlier in the month.
  • 1911 – The destroyer Template:Ship makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of Douglas McCurdy ten miles from Havana, Cuba.
  • 1911 – The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
  • 1913 – The British House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
  • 1916 – The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British oficial Henry McMahon concerning thee Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire ends.
  • 1925 – The Government of Turkey expels Patriarch Constantine VI from Istanbul.
  • 1930 – The Politburo of the Soviet Union orders the extermination of the Kulaks.
  • 1933Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
  • 1942World War II: Battle of Ambon. Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies. Some 300 captured Allied troops have been massacred at Laha airfield. Three-fourths of remaining POWs did not survived at the end of the war, including 250 men who have been shipped to Hainan Island in South China Sea and never returned.
  • 1943 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of Rennell Island. The Template:Ship is sunk and a U.S. destroyer is heavily damaged by Japanese torpedoes.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cisterna, part of Operation Shingle, begins in central Italy.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing approximately 9,500 people.
  • 1945 – World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: One hundred twenty-six American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied prisoners from the Japanese-controlled Cabanatuan POW camp.
  • 1946United Nations Security Council Resolution 2 is adopted.
  • 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi known for his non-violent freedom struggle, is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
  • 1956 – African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1959Template:Ship, said to be the safest ship afloat and "unsinkable" like the Template:RMS, strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and sinks, killing all 95 aboard.
  • 1960 – The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
  • 1964 – In a bloodless coup, General Nguyễn Khánh overthrows General Dương Văn Minh's military junta in South Vietnam.
  • 1968Vietnam War: Tet Offensive launch by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.
  • 1969The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
  • 1972The Troubles: Bloody Sunday: British paratroopers open fire on anti-internment marchers in Derry, Northern Ireland, killing 13 people. Another person later dies of injuries sustained.
  • 1972 – Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1975 – The Monitor National Marine Sanctuary is established as the first United States National Marine Sanctuary.
  • 1979 – A Varig Boeing 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.
  • 1982Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
  • 1989 – Closure of the American embassy in Kabul, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
  • 1995 – Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
  • 2000 – Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
  • 2003 – The Kingdom of Belgium officially recognizes same-sex marriages.
  • 2013Naro-1 becomes the first carrier rocket launched by South Korea.

Births

  • 58 BCLivia, Roman wife of Augustus (d. 29)
  • 133Didius Julianus, Roman emperor (d. 193)
  • 1563Franciscus Gomarus, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1641)
  • 1661Charles Rollin, French historian and educator (d. 1741)
  • 1697Johann Joachim Quantz, German flute player and composer (d. 1773)
  • 1703François Bigot, French politician (d. 1778)
  • 1720Charles De Geer, Swedish entomologist and archaeologist (d. 1778)
  • 1754John Lansing, Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 1829)
  • 1775Walter Savage Landor, English poet and author (d. 1864)
  • 1781Adelbert von Chamisso, German botanist and poet (d. 1838)
  • 1816Nathaniel P. Banks, American general and politician, 24th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1822Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist and curator (d. 1899)
  • 1841Félix Faure, French politician, 7th President of France (d. 1899)
  • 1844Richard Theodore Greener, American lawyer, academic, and diplomat (d. 1922)
  • 1846Angela of the Cross, Spanish nun and saint (d. 1932)
  • 1852Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian poet and playwright (d. 1912)
  • 1859Tony Mullane, Irish-American baseball player and manager (d. 1944)
  • 1861Charles Martin Loeffler, French-American violinist and composer (d. 1935)
  • 1862Walter Damrosch, German-American conductor and composer (d. 1950)
  • 1864James Mitchel, Irish-American hammer thrower (d. 1921)
  • 1866Gelett Burgess, American author, poet, and critic (d. 1951)
  • 1878Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
  • 1882Franklin D. Roosevelt, American lawyer and politician, 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
  • 1883Peeter Süda, Estonian organist and composer (d. 1920)
  • 1889Jaishankar Prasad, Indian poet and playwright (d. 1937)
  • 1890Bruno Kastner, German actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1932)
  • 1894Boris III of Bulgaria (d. 1943)
  • 1899Max Theiler, South African-American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1901Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (d. 1959)
  • 1902Nikolaus Pevsner, German-English historian and scholar (d. 1983)
  • 1910Chidambaram Subramaniam, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Defence (d. 2000)
  • 1912Werner Hartmann, German physicist and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Francis Schaeffer, American pastor and theologian (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Barbara W. Tuchman, American historian and author (d. 1989)
  • 1913Alfrēds Riekstiņš, Latvian soldier (d. 1952)
  • 1913 – Amrita Sher-Gil, Hungarian-Indian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1914Luc-Marie Bayle, French commander and painter (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – John Ireland, Canadian-American actor and director (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – David Wayne, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976)
  • 1915 – John Profumo, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for War (d. 2006)
  • 1917Paul Frère, Belgian race car driver and journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1918David Opatoshu, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1919Nikolay Glazkov, Russian actor and poet (d. 1979)
  • 1919 – Fred Korematsu, American activist (d. 2005)
  • 1920Michael Anderson, English director and producer
  • 1920 – Patrick Heron, British painter (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Carwood Lipton, American lieutenant (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Delbert Mann, American director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1922Dick Martin, American comedian, actor, and director (d. 2008)
  • 1923Marianne Ferber, Czech-American economist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1924S. N. Goenka, Burmese-Indian author and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Lloyd Alexander, American soldier and author (d. 2007)
  • 1925Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist, invented the computer mouse (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Dorothy Malone, American actress
  • 1927Ahmed Abdul-Malik, American bassist and oud player (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Olof Palme, Swedish captain and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1928Harold Prince, American director and producer
  • 1929Lois Hole, Canadian businesswoman and politician, 15th Lieutenant Governor of Alberta (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Hugh Tayfield, South African cricketer (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian-Italian physician and humanitarian (d. 1996)
  • 1930Gene Hackman, American actor
  • 1930 – Jānis Krūmiņš, Latvian basketball player (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Magnus Malan, South African general and politician, South African Minister of Defence (d. 2011)
  • 1931John Crosbie, Canadian lawyer and politician, 34th Canadian Minister of Justice
  • 1931 – Shirley Hazzard, Australian author
  • 1932Knock Yokoyama, Japanese comedian and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1934Tammy Grimes, American actress and singer (d. 2016)
  • 1935Richard Brautigan, American author and poet (d. 1984)
  • 1935 – Tubby Hayes, English saxophonist and composer (d. 1973)
  • 1935 – Elsa Martinelli, Italian model and actress
  • 1936Horst Jankowski, German pianist and composer (The Jazz Couriers) (d. 1998)
  • 1937Vanessa Redgrave, English actress
  • 1937 – Boris Spassky, Russian chess player and theoretician
  • 1938Islam Karimov, Uzbek politician, 1st President of Uzbekistan (d. 2016)
  • 1940Mitch Murray, English songwriter and producer
  • 1941Gregory Benford, American astrophysicist and author
  • 1941 – Dick Cheney, American businessman and politician, 46th Vice President of the United States
  • 1941 – Tineke Lagerberg, Dutch swimmer
  • 1942Marty Balin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943Davey Johnson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944Lynn Harrell, American cellist and academic
  • 1944 – Colin Rimer, English lawyer and judge
  • 1945Meir Dagan, Israeli military officer and intelligence official, Director of Mossad (2002–2011) (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Michael Dorris, American author and scholar (d. 1997)
  • 1946John Bird, Baron Bird, English publisher, founded The Big Issue
  • 1947Les Barker, English poet and author
  • 1947 – Małgorzata Braunek, Polish actress (d. 2014)
  • 1948Nick Broomfield, English director and producer
  • 1948 – Paul Magee, Provisional IRA volunteer
  • 1948 – Miles Reid, English mathematician and academic
  • 1949Peter Agre, American physician and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949 – Jaak Salumets, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1950Jack Newton, Australian golfer
  • 1951Phil Collins, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1951 – Charles S. Dutton, American actor and director
  • 1951 – Bobby Stokes, English footballer (d. 1995)
  • 1952Doug Falconer, Canadian football player and producer
  • 1953Fred Hembeck, American author and illustrator
  • 1955John Baldacci, American politician, 73rd Governor of Maine
  • 1955 – Tom Izzo, American basketball player and coach
  • 1955 – Curtis Strange, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Mychal Thompson, Bahamian basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1956Darko Rundek, Croatian-French singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1957Polly Horvath, American-Canadian author
  • 1957 – Payne Stewart, American golfer (d. 1999)
  • 1959Cynthia Carter, Welsh journalist, author, and academic
  • 1959 – Mark Eitzel, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – Steve Folkes, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1959 – Jody Watley, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1962Abdullah II of Jordan
  • 1963Daphne Ashbrook, American actress
  • 1963 – Tina Malone, English actress, director, and producer
  • 1964Otis Smith, American basketball player, coach, and manager
  • 1965Kevin Moore, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1966Neal Chase, American educator
  • 1966 – Danielle Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1967Jay Gordon, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1968Trevor Dunn, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1968 – Felipe VI of Spain
  • 1971Kimo von Oelhoffen, American football player
  • 1972Lupillo Rivera, Mexican-American singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Chris Simon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973Jalen Rose, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1974Christian Bale, Welsh actor
  • 1975Dark Ozz, Mexican wrestler
  • 1975 – Juninho Pernambucano, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1976Andy Milonakis, American actor and rapper
  • 1977Dan Hinote, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1977 – Tom Malchow, American swimmer
  • 1977 – Deltha O'Neal, American football player
  • 1978Carmen Küng, Swiss curler
  • 1978 – John Patterson, American baseball player
  • 1979Trevor Gillies, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Jaak Urmet, Estonian author and poet
  • 1979 – Nam Hyun-joon, South Korean dancer
  • 1980João Soares de Almeida Neto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Josh Kelley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Georgios Vakouftsis, Greek footballer
  • 1980 – Wilmer Valderrama, American actor and producer
  • 1981Jonathan Bender, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Dimitar Berbatov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1981 – Peter Crouch, English footballer
  • 1981 – Mathias Lauda, Austrian race car driver
  • 1982Jorge Cantú, Mexican baseball player
  • 1982 – Mark Nwokeji, English footballer
  • 1984Kid Cudi, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1984 – Jeremy Hermida, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Kotoshōgiku Kazuhiro, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1985Torrey Mitchell, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Trae Williams, American football player
  • 1986Nick Evans, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Asami Shimoda, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1987Ben Cutting, Australian cricketer
  • 1987 – Lance Franklin, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Becky Lynch, Irish wrestler
  • 1987 – Renato Santos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Arda Turan, Turkish footballer
  • 1987 – Phil Lester, British Youtuber
  • 1988Maksim Krychanov, Russian footballer
  • 1988 – Rob Pinkston, American actor and director
  • 1989Tomás Mejías, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Baek Sung-hyun, South Korean actor
  • 1990Joe Colborne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Andrew McCullough, Australian rugby player
  • 1990 – Nils Miatke, German footballer
  • 1990 – Luca Sbisa, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Mitchell Starc, Australian cricketer
  • 1990 – Yoon Bo-ra, South Korean singer
  • 1991Stefan Elliott, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1995Jack Laugher, English diver
  • 1995 – Víctor Sánchez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2015)

Deaths

  • 680Balthild, Frankish queen (b. 626)
  • 1030William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
  • 1181Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
  • 1240Pelagio Galvani, Leonese lawyer and cardinal (b. 1165)
  • 1314Nicholas III of Saint Omer
  • 1384Louis II, Count of Flanders (b. 1330)
  • 1574Damião de Góis, Portuguese historian and philosopher (b. 1502)
  • 1606Everard Digby, English criminal (b. 1578)
  • 1649Charles I of England (b. 1600)
  • 1730Peter II of Russia (b. 1715)
  • 1770Giovanni Pietro Francesco Agius de Soldanis, Maltese linguist, historian and cleric (b. 1712)
  • 1836Betsy Ross, American seamstress, designed the American Flag (b. 1752)
  • 1838Osceola, American tribal leader (b. 1804)
  • 1849Jonathan Alder, American farmer (b. 1773)
  • 1858Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist and ornithologist (b. 1778)
  • 1867Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
  • 1869William Carleton, Irish author (b. 1794)
  • 1881Arthur O'Shaughnessy, English poet and herpetologist (b. 1844)
  • 1889Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (b. 1858)
  • 1926Barbara La Marr, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1928Johannes Fibiger, Danish physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1929La Goulue, French model and dancer (b. 1866)
  • 1934Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher, founded the Doubleday Publishing Company (b. 1862)
  • 1947Frederick Blackman, English botanist and physiologist (b. 1866)
  • 1948Arthur Coningham, Australian air marshal (b. 1895)
  • 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, philosopher, and activist (b. 1869)
  • 1948 – Orville Wright, American pilot and engineer, co-founded the Wright Company (b. 1871)
  • 1951Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founded Porsche (b. 1875)
  • 1958Jean Crotti, Swiss painter (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – Ernst Heinkel, German engineer and businessman; founded the Heinkel Aircraft Company (b. 1888)
  • 1962Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician and engineer (b. 1894)
  • 1963Francis Poulenc, French pianist and composer (b. 1899)
  • 1966Jaan Hargel, Estonian flute player, conductor, and educator (b. 1912)
  • 1968Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Indian poet, playwright, and journalist (b. 1889)
  • 1974Olav Roots, Estonian pianist and composer (b. 1910)
  • 1969Dominique Pire, Belgian friar, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1980Professor Longhair, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1918)
  • 1982Lightnin' Hopkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1984Luke Kelly, Irish singer and banjo player (b. 1940)
  • 1991John Bardeen, American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Clifton C. Edom, American photographer and educator (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1994Pierre Boulle, French soldier and author (b. 1912)
  • 1995Gerald Durrell, Indian-English zookeeper, author, and television host (b. 1925)
  • 1999Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Ed Herlihy, American journalist (b. 1909)
  • 2001Jean-Pierre Aumont, French soldier and actor (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Johnnie Johnson, English air marshal and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Joseph Ransohoff, American surgeon and educator (b. 1915)
  • 2005Martyn Bennett, Canadian-Scottish violinist (b. 1971)
  • 2006Coretta Scott King, American author and activist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright and academic (b. 1950)
  • 2007Sidney Sheldon, American author and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2008Marcial Maciel, Mexican-American priest, founded the Legion of Christ and Regnum Christi (b. 1920)
  • 2009H. Guy Hunt, American soldier, pastor, and politician, 49th Governor of Alabama (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Neiliezhü Üsou, Indian preacher and theologian (b. 1941)
  • 2010Fadil Ferati, Kosovar accountant and politician (b. 1960)
  • 2011John Barry, English composer and conductor (b. 1933)
  • 2011 – Charles Nolan, American fashion designer (b. 1957)
  • 2012Frank Aschenbrenner, American football player and soldier (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Doeschka Meijsing, Dutch author (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Frederick Treves, English actor (b. 1925)
  • 2013Gamal al-Banna, Egyptian author and scholar (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Patty Andrews, American singer (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Ann Rabson, American singer, pianist, and guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – George Witt, American baseball player and coach (b. 1931)
  • 2014Stefan Bałuk, Polish general ad photographer (b. 1914)
  • 2014 – The Mighty Hannibal, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – William Motzing, American composer and conductor (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Arthur Rankin, Jr., American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2015Carl Djerassi, Austrian-American chemist, author, and playwright (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Ülo Kaevats, Estonian academic, philosopher, and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Geraldine McEwan, English actress (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Gerrit Voorting, Dutch cyclist (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Zhelyu Zhelev, Bulgarian philosopher and politician, 2nd President of Bulgaria (b. 1935)
  • 2016Frank Finlay, English actor (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Francisco Flores Pérez, Salvadorian politician, President of El Salvador (b. 1959)
  • 2016 – K. V. Krishna Rao, Indian general (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Georgia Davis Powers, American activist and politician (b. 1923)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Aldegonde
    • Anthony the Great (Coptic Church)
    • Balthild
    • Charles I of England (various provinces of the Anglican Communion)
    • Hippolytus of Rome
    • Hyacintha Mariscotti
    • Martina
    • Mutien-Marie Wiaux
    • Savina
    • Three Holy Hierarchs (Eastern Orthodox), and its related observances:
      • Teacher's Day (Greece)
    • January 30 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Azerbaijani customs (Azerbaijan)
  • Day of Saudade (Brazil)
  • Fred Korematsu Day (California, United States)
  • Martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi-related observances:
    • Martyrs' Day (India)
    • School Day of Non-violence and Peace (Spain)
    • Start of the Season for Nonviolence January 30-April 4

External links

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