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  2021 (Thursday)
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  2019 (Monday)
  2018 (Sunday)
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  2016 (Thursday)
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  2014 (Tuesday)
  2013 (Monday)
  2012 (Saturday)

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Events

  • 661 – The Rashidun Caliphate was effectively ended with the Assassination of Ali, the last caliph.
  • 814Charlemagne dies of pleurisy in Aachen as the first Holy Roman Emperor. He is succeeded by his son Louis the Pious as king of the Frankish Empire.
  • 1077Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
  • 1393 – King Charles VI of France is nearly killed when several dancers' costumes catch fire during a masquerade ball.
  • 1521 – The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25.
  • 1547Henry VIII dies. His nine-year-old son, Edward VI becomes King.
  • 1573 – Articles of the Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1624Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on the island of Saint Kitts.
  • 1701 – The Chinese storm Dartsedo.
  • 1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences is founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented by Senate decree. It is called the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
  • 1813Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.
  • 1820 – A Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovers the Antarctic continent, approaching the Antarctic coast.
  • 1846 – The Battle of Aliwal, India, is won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
  • 1851Northwestern University becomes the first chartered university in Illinois.
  • 1855 – A locomotive on the Panama Canal Railway, runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean for the first time.
  • 1871Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
  • 1878Yale Daily News becomes the first daily college newspaper in the United States.
  • 1896 – Walter Arnold of East Peckham, Kent, becomes the first person to be convicted of speeding. He was fined one shilling, plus costs, for speeding at Script error: No such module "convert"., thereby exceeding the contemporary speed limit of Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1902 – The Carnegie Institution of Washington is founded in Washington, D.C. with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
  • 1908 – Members of the Portuguese Republican Party fail in their attempted coup d'état against the administrative dictatorship of Prime Minister João Franco.
  • 1909 – United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish–American War.
  • 1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard as a branch of the United States Armed Forces.
  • 1918Finnish Civil War: Rebels seize control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • 1920 – Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1922Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theatre collapses.
  • 1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
  • 1933 – The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
  • 1934 – The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont.
  • 1935Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
  • 1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195 at a speed of Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1941Franco-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. A Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • 1945World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
  • 1956Elvis Presley makes his first US television appearance
  • 1958 – The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
  • 1960 – The National Football League announced expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season and Minneapolis-St. Paul for 1961 NFL season.
  • 1964 – An unarmed United States Air Force T-39 Sabreliner on a training mission is shot down over Erfurt, East Germany, by a Soviet MiG-19.
  • 1965 – The current design of the Flag of Canada is chosen by an act of Parliament.
  • 1977 – The first day of the Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 which dumps Script error: No such module "convert". of snow in one day in Upstate New York, with Buffalo, Syracuse, Watertown, and surrounding areas are most affected.
  • 1979CBS News Sunday Morning debuts with original host and cocreator Charles Kuralt.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II starts his first pastoral visit to Mexico.
  • 1980Template:USCGC collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa, Florida and capsizes, killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
  • 1981Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.
  • 1982US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity by the Red Brigades.
  • 1984Tropical Storm Domoina makes landfall in southern Mozambique, eventually causing 214 deaths and some of the most severe flooding so far recorded in the region.
  • 1985 – Supergroup USA for Africa (United Support of Artists for Africa) records the hit single We Are the World, to help raise funds for Ethiopian famine relief.
  • 1986Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission: Space Shuttle Challenger explodes after liftoff, killing all seven astronauts on board.
  • 1988 – In R v Morgentaler the Supreme Court of Canada strikes down all anti-abortion laws.
  • 2002TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia, killing 92.
  • 2006 – The roof of one of the buildings at the Katowice International Fair in Chorzów/Katowice, Poland, collapses due to the weight of snow, killing 65 and injuring more than 170 others.

Births

  • 676Toneri, Japanese prince (d. 735)
  • 1312Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)
  • 1457Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
  • 1540Ludolph van Ceulen, German-Dutch mathematician and academic (d. 1610)
  • 1578Cornelius Haga, Dutch diplomat (d. 1654)
  • 1582John Barclay, French-Scottish poet and author (d. 1621)
  • 1600Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
  • 1608Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
  • 1611Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer and politician (d. 1687)
  • 1622Adrien Auzout, French astronomer and instrument maker (d. 1691)
  • 1693Gregor Werner, Austrian composer (d. 1766)
  • 1701Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
  • 1706John Baskerville, English printer and typographer (d. 1775)
  • 1712Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
  • 1717Mustafa III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1774)
  • 1719Johann Elias Schlegel, German poet and critic (d. 1749)
  • 1719 – Christian Felix Weiße, German poet and playwright (d. 1802)
  • 1755Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring, Polish-German physician, anthropologist, and paleontologist (d. 1830)
  • 1784George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Scottish politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1860)
  • 1797Charles Gray Round, English lawyer and politician (d. 1867)
  • 1818George S. Boutwell, American lawyer and politician, 28th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1905)
  • 1822Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish-Canadian soldier, journalist, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
  • 1833Charles George Gordon, English general and politician (d. 1885)
  • 1841Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh-American explorer and journalist (d. 1904)
  • 1843Mihkel Veske, Estonian poet and linguist (d. 1890)
  • 1853José Martí, Cuban journalist, poet, and theorist (d. 1895)
  • 1853 – Vladimir Solovyov, Russian philosopher, poet, and critic (d. 1900)
  • 1857William Seward Burroughs I, American businessman, founded the Burroughs Corporation (d. 1898)
  • 1858Tannatt William Edgeworth David, Welsh-Australian geologist and explorer (d. 1934)
  • 1861Julián Felipe, Filipino composer and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1863Ernest William Christmas, Australian-American painter (d. 1918)
  • 1864Charles Williams Nash, American businessman, founded Nash Motors (d. 1948)
  • 1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer and academic, invented the hot-bulb engine and Hornsby-Akroyd oil engine (d. 1927)
  • 1865Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author and politician (d. 1928)
  • 1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, Finnish lawyer, judge, and politician, 1st President of Finland (d. 1952)
  • 1873Colette, French journalist and author (d. 1954)
  • 1873 – Monty Noble, Australian cricketer (d. 1940)
  • 1874Alex Smith, Scottish golfer (d. 1930)
  • 1875Julián Carrillo, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1965)
  • 1878Walter Kollo, German composer and conductor (d. 1940)
  • 1880Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer and coach (d. 1970)
  • 1884Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist and explorer (d. 1962)
  • 1885Vahan Terian, Armenian poet and activist (d. 1920)
  • 1886Marthe Bibesco, Romanian-French author and poet (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese engineer and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1887Arthur Rubinstein, Polish-American pianist and educator (d. 1982)
  • 1890Robert Stroud, American ornithologist and murderer (d. 1963)
  • 1897Valentin Kataev, Russian author and playwright (d. 1986)
  • 1899Elias Simojoki, Finnish priest and activist (d. 1940)
  • 1900Alice Neel, American painter (d. 1984)
  • 1903Aleksander Kamiński, Polish author and educator (d. 1978)
  • 1906Markos Vafiadis, Greek general and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1908Paul Misraki, Turkish-French composer and historian (d. 1998)
  • 1909John Thomson, Scottish footballer (d. 1931)
  • 1911Johan van Hulst, Dutch academic and politician
  • 1912Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
  • 1913Maurice Gosfield, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1915Nien Cheng, Chinese-American author (d. 2009)
  • 1918Harry Corbett, English puppeteer, actor, and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-English lawyer and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1919Gabby Gabreski, American colonel and pilot (d. 2002)
  • 1921Vytautas Norkus, Lithuanian–American basketball player (d. 2014)
  • 1922Anna Gordy Gaye, American songwriter and producer, co-founded Anna Records (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1924Marcel Broodthaers, Belgian painter and poet (d. 1976)
  • 1925Raja Ramanna, Indian physicist and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1927Eşref Kolçak, Turkish actor
  • 1927 – Per Oscarsson, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Ronnie Scott, English saxophonist (The Jazz Couriers) (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Vera Williams, American author and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1928Shorty Castro, Puerto Rican-American actor, director, screenwriter, composer, musician, and dancer.
  • 1929Acker Bilk, English singer and clarinet player (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Nikolai Parshin, Russian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Swedish-American sculptor and illustrator
  • 1929 – Edith M. Flanigen, American chemist
  • 1930Kurt Biedenkopf, German academic and politician, 54th President of the German Bundesrat
  • 1930 – Roy Clarke, English screenwriter, comedian and soldier
  • 1933Jack Hill, American director and screenwriter
  • 1934Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1990)
  • 1934 – Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor and producer (d. 1970)
  • 1935David Lodge, English author and critic
  • 1935 – Nicholas Pryor, American actor
  • 1936Alan Alda, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1936 – Ismail Kadare, Albanian author and poet
  • 1937Karel Čáslavský, Czech historian and television host (d. 2013)
  • 1938Tomas Lindahl, Swedish-English biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938 – Leonid Zhabotinsky, Ukrainian weightlifter and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1939John M. Fabian, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1940Carlos Slim, Mexican businessman and philanthropist, founded Grupo Carso
  • 1940 – Trebor Jay Tichenor, American pianist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1941Joel Crothers, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1941 – Cash McCall, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – King Tubby, Jamaican DJ, producer, and engineer (d. 1989)
  • 1942Sjoukje Dijkstra, Dutch figure skater
  • 1942 – Erkki Pohjanheimo, Finnish director and producer
  • 1943John Beck, American actor
  • 1943 – Paul Henderson, Canadian ice hockey player and minister
  • 1943 – Dick Taylor, English bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1944Bobby Ball, English comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1944 – Tim Heald, English journalist and author
  • 1944 – Rosalía Mera, Spanish businesswoman, co-founded Inditex and Zara (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – John Tavener, English composer (d. 2013)
  • 1945Frank Doubleday, American actor
  • 1945 – Maxwell Fuller, Australian chess player (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Karen Lynn Gorney, American actress
  • 1945 – Marthe Keller, Swiss actress and director
  • 1945 – John Perkins, American author and activist
  • 1945 – Robert Wyatt, English singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1947Jeanne Shaheen, American educator and politician, 78th Governor of New Hampshire
  • 1948Bob Moses, American drummer
  • 1948 – Charles Taylor, Liberian politician, 22nd President of Liberia
  • 1949Mike Moore, New Zealand union leader and politician, 34th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1949 – Gregg Popovich, American basketball player and coach
  • 1950Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Bahraini king
  • 1950 – Barbi Benton, American model and actress
  • 1950 – Bob Hay, American singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – David C. Hilmers, American colonel, physician, and astronaut
  • 1950 – Naila Kabeer, Bangladeshi-English economist and academic
  • 1951Brian Bilbray, American politician
  • 1951 – Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1952Richard Glatzer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1952 – Tomokazu Miura, Japanese actor
  • 1953Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1953 – Chris Carter, English DJ and producer
  • 1954Peter Lampe, German theologian and historian
  • 1954 – Bruno Metsu, French footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author
  • 1955Vinod Khosla, Indian-American businessman, co-founded Sun Microsystems
  • 1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, French lawyer and politician, 23rd President of France
  • 1956Richard Danielpour, American composer and educator
  • 1957Kent Kessler, American bassist
  • 1957 – Mark Napier, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Nick Price, South African-Zimbabwean golfer
  • 1957 – Frank Skinner, English comedian, actor, and author
  • 1959Frank Darabont, American director and producer
  • 1959 – Dave Sharp, English guitarist
  • 1960Loren Legarda, Filipino journalist and politician
  • 1960 – Robert von Dassanowsky, Austrian-American historian and academic
  • 1961Arnaldur Indriðason, Icelandic author
  • 1961 – Normand Rochefort, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1962Sam Phillips, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963Dan Spitz, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1964David Lawrence, English cricketer
  • 1964 – Juergen Teller, German-English photographer
  • 1964 – Park Hae-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1966Seiji Mizushima, Japanese director and producer
  • 1967Billy Brownless, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1967Marvin Sapp, American singer-songwriter
  • 1968Rakim, American rapper
  • 1968 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1969Mo Rocca, American comedian and television journalist
  • 1969 – Linda Sánchez, American lawyer and politician
  • 1971Anthony Hamilton, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1972Nicky Southall, English footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Léon van Bon, Dutch cyclist
  • 1974Tony Delk, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Ramsey Nasr, Dutch author and poet
  • 1974 – Magglio Ordóñez, Venezuelan baseball player and politician
  • 1974 – Jermaine Dye, American baseball player
  • 1975Shark Boy, American wrestler
  • 1975 – Tanya Chua, Singaporean singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1975 – Pedro Pinto, Portuguese-American journalist
  • 1975 – Junior Spivey, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976Sireli Bobo, Fijian rugby player
  • 1976 – Emiko Kado, Japanese wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1976 – Mark Madsen, American basketball player and coach
  • 1976 – Rick Ross, American rapper and producer
  • 1976 – Miltiadis Sapanis, Greek footballer
  • 1977Sandis Buškevics, Latvian basketball player and coach
  • 1977 – Daunte Culpepper, American football player
  • 1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist
  • 1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer, dancer, and television personality
  • 1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese race car driver
  • 1978Sheamus, Irish wrestler and actor
  • 1978 – Gianluigi Buffon, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Jamie Carragher, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Papa Bouba Diop, Senegalese footballer
  • 1980Nick Carter, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1980 – Yasuhito Endō, Japanese footballer
  • 1980 – Brian Fallon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Michael Hastings, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1981Gen Hoshino, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1981 – Elijah Wood, American actor and producer
  • 1982Ryan Sheridan, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1982 – Annie Social, American wrestler
  • 1984Ben Clucas, English race car driver
  • 1984 – Stephen Gostkowski, American football player
  • 1984 – Andre Iguodala, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Anne Panter, English field hockey player
  • 1985Daniel Carcillo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – J. Cole, American rapper, songwriter and record producer.
  • 1985 – Lauris Dārziņš, Latvian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Arnold Mvuemba, French footballer
  • 1985 – Libby Trickett, Australian swimmer
  • 1986Jessica Ennis-Hill, English heptathlete and hurdler
  • 1986 – Nathan Outteridge, Australian sailor
  • 1986 – Antonis Petropoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Asad Shafiq, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1988Paul Henry, English footballer
  • 1988 – Seiya Sanada, Japanese wrestler
  • 1989Siem de Jong, Dutch footballer
  • 1989 – Ronny Philp, Romanian-German footballer
  • 1990Kalifa Faifai Loa, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1990 – Zhang Kailin, Chinese tennis player
  • 1991Jordan Kahu, Australian rugby player
  • 1991 – Carl Klingberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1992Sergio Araujo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1992 – Andrei Savchenko, Russian footballer
  • 1993Richmond Boakye, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1993 – Mitch Cornish, Australian rugby league player
  • 1998Ariel Winter, American actress

Deaths

  • 592Guntram, French king (b. 532)
  • 814Charlemagne, Roman emperor (b. 742)
  • 1061Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia (b. 1031)
  • 1256William II, Count of Holland, King of Germany
  • 1271Isabella of Aragon, Queen of France (b. 1247)
  • 1443Robert le Maçon, French diplomat (b. 1365)
  • 1547Henry VIII of England (b. 1491)
  • 1613Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and scholar, founded the Bodleian Library (b. 1545)
  • 1621Pope Paul V (b. 1550)
  • 1666Tommaso Dingli, Maltese architect and sculptor (b. 1591)
  • 1672Pierre Séguier, French politician, Lord Chancellor of France (b. 1588)
  • 1681Richard Allestree, English priest and academic (b. 1619)
  • 1687Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer and politician (b. 1611)
  • 1697Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet, English general and politician (b. 1645)
  • 1754Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian-Danish historian and philosopher (b. 1684)
  • 1832Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1859F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1782)
  • 1864Émile Clapeyron, French physicist and engineer (b. 1799)
  • 1903Augusta Holmès, French pianist and composer (b. 1847)
  • 1912Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist and theorist (b. 1819)
  • 1918John McCrae, Canadian soldier, physician, and author (b. 1872)
  • 1921Mustafa Suphi, Turkish journalist and politician (b. 1883)
  • 1930Emmy Destinn, Czech soprano and poet (b. 1878)
  • 1935Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer and conductor (b. 1859)
  • 1937Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and target shooter (b. 1862)
  • 1938Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1939W. B. Yeats, Irish poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1942Edward Siegler, American gymnast and triathlete (b. 1881)
  • 1945Roza Shanina, Russian sergeant and sniper (b. 1924)
  • 1947Reynaldo Hahn, Venezuelan-French composer, conductor, and critic (b. 1875)
  • 1948Hans Aumeier, German SS officer (b. 1906)
  • 1948 – Therese Brandl, German concentration camp guard (b. 1902)
  • 1948 – Arthur Liebehenschel, German SS officer (b. 1901)
  • 1949Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (b. 1908)
  • 1950Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1883)
  • 1953James Scullin, Australian journalist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
  • 1953 – Neyzen Tevfik, Turkish philosopher and poet (b. 1879)
  • 1959Walter Beall, American baseball player (b. 1899)
  • 1960Zora Neale Hurston, American anthropologist and author (b. 1891)
  • 1962Hermann Wlach, Austrian-Swiss actor (b. 1884)
  • 1963Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)
  • 1965Tich Freeman, English cricketer (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Maxime Weygand, Belgian-French general (b. 1867)
  • 1968Aleksander Maaker, Estonian bagpipe player (b. 1890)
  • 1971Donald Winnicott, English paediatrician and psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
  • 1975Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
  • 1976Marcel Broodthaers, Belgian painter and poet (b. 1924)
  • 1978Ward Moore, American author (b. 1903)
  • 1979Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (b. 1901)
  • 1983Frank Forde, Australian educator and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1890)
  • 1983 – Billy Fury, English singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 1986 – crew of Space Shuttle Challenger
    • Gregory Jarvis, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1944)
    • Christa McAuliffe, American educator and astronaut (b. 1948)
    • Ronald McNair, American physicist and astronaut (b. 1950)
    • Ellison Onizuka, American engineer and astronaut (b. 1946)
    • Judith Resnik, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1949)
    • Dick Scobee, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1939)
    • Michael J. Smith, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1945)
  • 1988Klaus Fuchs, German physicist and politician (b. 1911)
  • 1989Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama (b. 1938)
  • 1993Helen Sawyer Hogg, Canadian astronomer and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1996Joseph Brodsky, Russian-American poet and essayist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Burne Hogarth, American cartoonist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Jerry Siegel, American author and illustrator, co-created Superman (b. 1914)
  • 1998Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1938)
  • 1999Valery Gavrilin, Russian composer (b. 1939)
  • 1999 – Markey Robinson, Irish painter and sculptor (b. 1918)
  • 2001Ranko Marinković, Croatian author and playwright (b. 1913)
  • 2002Gustaaf Deloor, Belgian cyclist and soldier (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Ayşe Nur Zarakolu, Turkish author and activist (b. 1946)
  • 2003Mieke Pullen, Dutch runner (b. 1957)
  • 2004José Miguel Agrelot, Puerto Rican-American radio host (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, American captain (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Elroy Hirsch, American football player (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Mel Pritchard, English drummer (Barclay James Harvest) (b. 1948)
  • 2005Jim Capaldi, English singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1944)
  • 2007Carlo Clerici, Swiss cyclist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Robert Drinan, American priest, lawyer, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Yelena Romanova, Russian runner (b. 1963)
  • 2007 – Karel Svoboda, Czech composer (b. 1938)
  • 2009Billy Powell, American keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2012Roman Juszkiewicz, Polish astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Don Starkell, Canadian adventurer and author (b. 1932)
  • 2013Florentino Fernández, Cuban-American boxer and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Hattie N. Harrison, American educator and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Oldřich Kulhánek, Czech painter, illustrator, and stage designer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Herbert Loebl, German-English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Dan Massey, American activist and author (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Ceija Stojka, Austrian-Romanian author and painter (b. 1933)
  • 2014John Cacavas, American composer and conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Harry Gamble, American football player, coach, and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Dwight Gustafson, American composer and conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Nigel Jenkins, Welsh poet, journalist, and geographer (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – Gudō Wafu Nishijima, Japanese priest and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Jorge Obeid, Argentinian engineer and politician, Governor of Santa Fe (b. 1947)
  • 2015Suraj Abdurrahman, Nigerian general, architect, and engineer (b. 1954)
  • 2015 – Yves Chauvin, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Lionel Gilbert, Australian historian, author, and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Charles B. Peatross, American lawyer and judge (b. 1940)
  • 2016Signe Toly Anderson, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Paul Kantner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Franklin Gene Bissell, American football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Buddy Cianci, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Mayor of Providence (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Aleš Debeljak, Slovenian poet and critic (b. 1961)
  • 2016 – Bob Tizard, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 6th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1924)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Julian of Cuenca
    • Thomas Aquinas
    • January 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Army Day (Armenia)
  • Data Privacy Day

External links

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