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  2021 (Sunday)
  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Thursday)
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Events

  • 41Roman Emperor Caligula, known for his eccentricity and sadistic despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. The Guard then proclaims Caligula's uncle Claudius as Emperor
  • 1438 – The Council of Basel suspends Pope Eugene IV.
  • 1458Matthias Corvinus becomes king of Hungary.
  • 1624Afonso Mendes, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
  • 1679 – King Charles II of England dissolves the Cavalier Parliament.
  • 1739 – Peshva warrior Chimnaji Appa defeats Portuguese forces and captures Tarapur Fort, India.
  • 1742Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1758 – During the Seven Years' War the leading burghers of Königsberg submit to Elizabeth of Russia, thus forming Russian Prussia (until 1763)
  • 1817Crossing of the Andes: Many soldiers of Juan Gregorio de las Heras are captured during the Action of Picheuta.
  • 1835 – Slaves in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil, stage a revolt, which is instrumental in ending slavery there 50 years later.
  • 1848California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento.
  • 1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first fully fledged university in South Asia.
  • 1862Bucharest is proclaimed the capital of Romania.
  • 1878 – The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1900Second Boer War: Boers stop a British attempt to break the Siege of Ladysmith in the Battle of Spion Kop.
  • 1908 – The first Boy Scout troop is organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell.
  • 1915World War One: British Grand Fleet battle cruisers under Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty engage Rear-Admiral Franz von Hipper's battle cruisers in the Battle of Dogger Bank.
  • 1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Co., the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
  • 1918 – The Gregorian calendar is introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People's Commissars effective February 14(NS)
  • 1933 – The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, changing the beginning and end of terms for all elected federal offices.
  • 1939 – The deadliest earthquake in Chilean history strikes Chillán, killing approximately 28,000 people.
  • 1942World War II: The Allies bombard Bangkok, leading Thailand, then under Japanese control, to declare war against the United States and United Kingdom.
  • 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a conference in Casablanca.
  • 1946 – The United Nations General Assembly passes its first resolution to establish the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission.
  • 1947 – Greek banker Dimitrios Maximos becomes Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1955The Family of Man, world's most widely seen, best attended photography exhibition opens at MoMA, curated by Edward Steichen.
  • 1960Algerian War: Some units of European volunteers in Algiers stage an insurrection known as the "barricades week", during which they seize government buildings and clash with local police.
  • 1961Goldsboro B-52 crash: A bomber carrying two H-bombs breaks up in mid-air over North Carolina. The uranium core of one weapon remains lost.
  • 1968Vietnam War: The 1st Australian Task Force launches Operation Coburg against the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong during wider fighting around Long Bình and Biên Hòa
  • 1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
  • 1977Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
  • 1978Soviet satellite Kosmos 954, with a nuclear reactor on board, burns up in Earth's atmosphere, scattering radioactive debris over Canada's Northwest Territories. Only 1% is recovered.
  • 1984Apple Computer places the Macintosh personal computer on sale in the United States.
  • 1986Voyager 2 passes within Script error: No such module "convert". of Uranus.
  • 1990 – Japan launches Hiten, the country's first lunar probe, the first robotic lunar probe since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 in 1976, and the first lunar probe launched by a country other than Soviet Union or the United States.
  • 1993Turkish journalist and writer Uğur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.
  • 2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.
  • 2009Cyclone Klaus makes landfall near Bordeaux, France, causing 26 deaths as well as extensive disruptions to public transport and power supplies.
  • 2011 – At least 35 die and 180 are injured in a bombing at Moscow's Domodedovo Airport.
  • 2014 – Three bombs explode in Cairo, Egypt, killing at least seven people and injuring over 100 others.

Births

  • 76Hadrian, Roman emperor (d. 138)
  • 1287Richard de Bury, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1345)
  • 1444Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Italian husband of Bona of Savoy (d. 1476)
  • 1540Edmund Campion, English priest and martyr (d. 1581)
  • 1638Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and politician, Lord Chamberlain of Great Britain (d. 1706)
  • 1670William Congreve, English playwright and poet (d. 1729)
  • 1674Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)
  • 1679Christian Wolff, German philosopher and academic (d. 1754)
  • 1709Dom Bédos de Celles, French monk and organist (d. 1779)
  • 1712Frederick the Great, Prussian king (d. 1786)
  • 1732Pierre Beaumarchais, French playwright and financier (d. 1799)
  • 1742Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • 1746Gustav III of Sweden (d. 1792)
  • 1749Charles James Fox, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (d. 1806)
  • 1752Muzio Clementi, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1832)
  • 1754Andrew Ellicott, American soldier and surveyor (d. 1820)
  • 1763Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, French-Ukrainian general and politician (d. 1831)
  • 1776E. T. A. Hoffmann, German jurist, author, and composer (d. 1822)
  • 1843Josip Stadler, Croatian archbishop (d. 1918)
  • 1848Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
  • 1858Constance Naden, English poet and philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1862Edith Wharton, American author and poet (d. 1937)
  • 1864Marguerite Durand, French actress, journalist, and activist (d. 1936)
  • 1866Jaan Poska, Estonian lawyer and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1920)
  • 1872Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872 – Morris Travers, English chemist and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1886Henry King, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1888Vicki Baum, Austrian author and screenwriter (d. 1960)
  • 1888 – Ernst Heinkel, German engineer and businessman, founded the Heinkel Aircraft Manufacturing Company (d. 1958)
  • 1889Charles Hawes, American historian and author (d. 1923)
  • 1891Walter Model, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1895Eugen Roth, German poet and songwriter (d. 1976)
  • 1898Cliff Heathcote, American baseball player (d. 1939)
  • 1900Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and biologist (d. 1975)
  • 1901Harry Calder, South African cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 1901 – Edward Turner, English engineer (d. 1973)
  • 1902Ephraim Avigdor Speiser, Ukrainian-American archaeologist and scholar (d. 1965)
  • 1905J. Howard Marshall, American lawyer and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1907Maurice Couve de Murville, French soldier and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1999)
  • 1909Martin Lings, English author and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Ann Todd, English actress and producer (d. 1993)
  • 1910Doris Haddock, American political activist (d. 2010)
  • 1911Muir Mathieson, Scottish conductor and composer (d. 1975)
  • 1912Frederick Ashworth, American admiral (d. 2005)
  • 1913Norman Dello Joio, American organist and composer (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Ray Stehr, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1915Vítězslava Kaprálová, Czech composer and conductor (d. 1940)
  • 1915 – Robert Motherwell, American painter and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1916Jack Brickhouse, American sportscaster (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Rafael Caldera, Venezuelan lawyer and politician, 65th President of Venezuela (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Arnoldo Foà, Italian actor and director (d. 2014)
  • 1916 – Gene Mako, Hungarian-American tennis player and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1917Ernest Borgnine, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1918Gottfried von Einem, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Oral Roberts, American evangelist, founded Oral Roberts University and Oral Roberts Evangelistic Association (d. 2009)
  • 1919Coleman Francis, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1919 – Leon Kirchner, American composer and educator (d. 2009)
  • 1920Jimmy Forrest, American saxophonist (d. 1980)
  • 1922Daniel Boulanger, French actor and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Charles W. Socarides, American psychiatrist, physician, and author (d. 2005)
  • 1924Brian Bevan, Australian-English rugby player (d. 1991)
  • 1924 – C. B. Muthamma, Indian soldier and diplomat (d. 2009)
  • 1925Gus Mortson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Maria Tallchief, American ballerina and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1926Ruth Asawa, American sculptor (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Georges Lautner, French director and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1927Marvin Kaplan, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, Scottish lieutenant (d. 2007)
  • 1928Desmond Morris, English zoologist, ethologist, and painter
  • 1928 – Michel Serrault, French actor (d. 2007)
  • 1930Mahmoud Farshchian, Iranian-Persian painter and academic
  • 1930 – Bernard Matthews, English farmer and businessman, founded Bernard Matthews Farms (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – John Romita Sr., American soldier and illustrator
  • 1931Leonard Baker, American historian and author (d. 1984)
  • 1931 – Lars Hörmander, Swedish mathematician and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Ib Nørholm, Danish composer and organist
  • 1933Claude Préfontaine, Canadian actor (d. 2013)
  • 1934Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and playwright (d. 1976)
  • 1935Shivabalayogi, Indian religious leader (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Eric Ashton, English rugby player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1935 – Bamber Gascoigne, English television host and author
  • 1936William Bogert, American actor
  • 1936 – Doug Kershaw, American singer-songwriter and fiddler
  • 1936 – Yōko Nogiwa, Japanese actress
  • 1938Julius Hemphill, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1939Ray Stevens, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1940Vito Acconci, American artist
  • 1940 – Joachim Gauck, German pastor and politician, 11th President of Germany
  • 1941Neil Diamond, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Aaron Neville, American singer
  • 1941 – Dan Shechtman, Israeli chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942Melvin Fitting, American logician
  • 1942 – Gary Hart, American wrestler and manager (d. 2008)
  • 1943Subhash Ghai, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Peter Struck, German lawyer and politician, 13th German Federal Minister of Defence (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Sharon Tate, American model and actress (d. 1969)
  • 1943 – Tony Trimmer, English race car driver
  • 1944David Gerrold, American author and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Klaus Nomi, German singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1983)
  • 1945John Garamendi, American football player and politician, 1st United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
  • 1946Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor
  • 1947Michio Kaku, American physicist and academic
  • 1947 – Masashi Ozaki, Japanese baseball player and golfer
  • 1947 – Warren Zevon, American singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1948Michael Des Barres, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1949John Belushi, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1950Daniel Auteuil, French actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1951Yakov Smirnoff, Ukrainian-American comedian and actor
  • 1953Yuri Bashmet, Russian violinist, viola player, and conductor
  • 1953 – Matthew Wilder, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1954Jo Gartner, Austrian race car driver (d. 1986)
  • 1957Mark Eaton, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Ade Edmondson, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1958Neil Allen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1958 – Jools Holland, English singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1959Akira Maeda, Japanese wrestler, mixed martial artist, and actor
  • 1959 – Vic Reeves, English comedian, actor, and author
  • 1960Mária Bajzek Lukács, Hungarian author and educator
  • 1960 – Im Ye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1960 – Mark Reeds, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1961Guido Buchwald, German footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Nastassja Kinski, German-American actress and producer
  • 1961 – Vince Russo, American wrestling manager and journalist
  • 1961 – William Van Dijck, Belgian runner
  • 1962Argiris Kambouris, Greek basketball player
  • 1965Mike Awesome, American wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1965 – Carlos Saldanha, Brazilian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Pagonis Vakalopoulos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1966Jimeoin, English-Irish comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967Mark Kozelek, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1967 – Phil LaMarr, American actor, singer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – John Myung, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1968Robert Chote, English economist and journalist
  • 1968 – Michael Kiske, German singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Mary Lou Retton, American gymnast
  • 1969Yoo Ho-jeong, South Korean actress
  • 1970Neil Johnson, Zimbabwean-South African cricketer
  • 1970 – Matthew Lillard, American actor
  • 1971Cory Bailey, American baseball player
  • 1972Daniel Kawczynski, Polish-English accountant and politician
  • 1972 – Naoshi Mizuta, Japanese bass player and composer
  • 1972 – Ulla Werbrouck, Belgian martial artist and politician
  • 1974Ed Helms, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Melissa Tkautz, Australian actress and singer
  • 1975Rónald Gómez, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Lucy Montgomery, English actress and screenwriter
  • 1976Shae-Lynn Bourne, Canadian ice dancer, coach, and choreographer
  • 1976 – Cindy Pieters, Belgian cyclist
  • 1978Kristen Schaal, American actress and voice artist
  • 1979Tatyana Ali, American actress and singer
  • 1979 – Leandro Desábato, Argentinian footballer
  • 1979 – Tom Kostopoulos, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Nik Wallenda, American acrobat and tightrope walker
  • 1980Rocky Boiman, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1980 – Yamandu Costa, Brazilian guitarist and composer
  • 1980 – Rebecca Romero, English cyclist and rower
  • 1981Michael Wolf, German ice hockey player
  • 1982Daveed Diggs, American actor and rapper
  • 1983Davide Biondini, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Diane Birch, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1983 – Wyatt Crockett, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1983 – Shaun Maloney, Scottish footballer
  • 1983 – Scott Speed, American race car driver
  • 1984Scott Kazmir, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Witold Kiełtyka, Polish drummer (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Paulo Sérgio Moreira Gonçalves, Portuguese footballer
  • 1986Cristiano Araújo, Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1986 – Mischa Barton, English-American actress
  • 1986 – Vladislav Ivanov, Russian footballer
  • 1986 – Michael Kightly, English footballer
  • 1986 – Ricky Ullman, Israeli-American actor and singer
  • 1987Luis Suárez, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1988Jade Ewen, English singer-songwriter
  • 1989Samba Diakité, Malian footballer
  • 1989 – Gong Lijiao, Chinese shot putter
  • 1989 – Ki Sung-yueng, South Korean footballer
  • 1990Mao Abe, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1990 – Kim Min-seok, South Korean actor
  • 1992Becky Downie, English gymnast

Deaths

  • 817Pope Stephen IV (b. 770)
  • 847Pope Sergius II
  • 1125David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)
  • 1336Alfonso IV of Aragon (b. 1299)
  • 1376Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English commander (b. 1306)
  • 1473Conrad Paumann, German organist and composer (b. 1410)
  • 1595Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria (b. 1529)
  • 1626Samuel Argall, English captain and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1572)
  • 1639Jörg Jenatsch, Swiss pastor and politician (b. 1596)
  • 1666Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer and theorist (b. 1588)
  • 1709George Rooke, English admiral and politician (b. 1650)
  • 1769François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)
  • 1839Michele Cachia, Maltese architect and engineer (b. 1760)
  • 1877Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist and journalist (b. 1796)
  • 1882Levi Boone, American physician and politician, 17th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
  • 1883Friedrich von Flotow, German composer (b. 1812)
  • 1895Lord Randolph Churchill, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1849)
  • 1911David Graham Phillips, American journalist and author (b. 1867)
  • 1918George Arthur Crump, American architect, designed the Pine Valley Golf Club (b. 1871)
  • 1920Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1884)
  • 1924Anna Bayerová, Czech physician (b. 1853)
  • 1924 – Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
  • 1932Alfred Yarrow, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Yarrow Shipbuilders (b. 1842)
  • 1939Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician, created Muesli (b. 1867)
  • 1943John Burns, English trade union leader and politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (b. 1858)
  • 1948Maria Mandl, Austrian SS officer (b. 1912)
  • 1955Ira Hayes, American marine, member of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (b. 1923)
  • 1960Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1961Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American pole vaulter and businessman, founded the A. C. Gilbert Company (b. 1884)
  • 1962André Lhote, French sculptor and painter (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Stanley Lord, English captain (b. 1877)
  • 1962 – Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish author, poet, and scholar (b. 1901)
  • 1965Winston Churchill, English colonel and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1966Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1970Caresse Crosby, American fashion designer and publisher, co-founded the Black Sun Press (b. 1891)
  • 1971Bill W., American activist, co-founded of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)
  • 1973J. Carrol Naish, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1975Larry Fine, American comedian (b. 1902)
  • 1978Herta Oberheuser, German physician (b. 1911)
  • 1982Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian general and politician, 56th President of Bolivia (b. 1918)
  • 1983George Cukor, American director and producer (b. 1899)
  • 1986L. Ron Hubbard, American religious leader and author, founded the Church of Scientology (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Gordon MacRae, American actor and singer (b. 1921)
  • 1988Werner Fenchel, German-Danish mathematician and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1989George Knudson, Canadian golfer and sportscaster (b. 1937)
  • 1990Madge Bellamy, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1991John M. Kelly, Irish academic and politician, 17th Attorney General of Ireland (b. 1931)
  • 1991 – Jack Schaefer, American journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 1992Ken Darby, American composer and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 1993Gustav Ernesaks, Estonian composer and conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Thurgood Marshall, American lawyer and jurist, 32nd United States Solicitor General (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Uğur Mumcu, Turkish lawyer and journalist (b. 1942)
  • 1994Yves Navarre, French author and playwright (b. 1940)
  • 1995David Cole, American DJ, songwriter, and producer (b. 1962)
  • 1997Dr. Jerry Graham, American wrestler and trainer (b. 1921)
  • 1998Walter D. Edmonds, American journalist and author (b. 1903)
  • 2001Gaffar Okkan, Turkish police officer and civil servant (b. 1952)
  • 2002Peter Gzowski, Canadian journalist and broadcaster (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Elie Hobeika, Lebanese commander and politician (b. 1956)
  • 2003Gianni Agnelli, Italian businessman (b. 1921)
  • 2004Leônidas, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1913)
  • 2005June Bronhill, Australian soprano (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Chalkie White, English rugby player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2006Schafik Handal, Salvadoran politician (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Fayard Nicholas, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Subramaniyam Sugirdharajan, Sri Lankan journalist and activist (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Mümtaz Sevinç, Turkish actor (b. 1952)
  • 2007Krystyna Feldman, Polish actress (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – İsmail Cem İpekçi, Turkish journalist and politician, 45th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Guadalupe Larriva, Ecuadorian academic and politician (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Emiliano Mercado del Toro, Puerto Rican soldier (b. 1891)
  • 2008Lee Embree, American sergeant and photographer (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – Randy Salerno, American journalist (b. 1963)
  • 2009Reg Gutteridge, English journalist and sportscaster (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Kay Yow, American basketball player and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2010Şakir Eczacıbaşı, Turkish pharmacist, photographer, and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2010 – Pernell Roberts, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2011Bernd Eichinger, German director and producer (b. 1949)
  • 2011 – Gerry Ortega, Filipino environmentalist, journalist, and politician (b. 1963)
  • 2012Theo Angelopoulos, Greek director and producer (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Sukumar Azhikode, Indian author and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – J. Joseph Garrahy, American soldier and politician, 69th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Patricia Neway, American soprano and actress (b. 1919)
  • 2013Khuseyn Gakayev, Russian commander (b. 1970)
  • 2013 – Miroslav Janů, Czech footballer and manager (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Richard G. Stern, American novelist, short story writer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Jim Wallwork, English sergeant and pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2014Shulamit Aloni, Israeli lawyer and politician, 11th Israeli Minister of Education (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Lisa Daniely, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Rafael Pineda Ponce, Honduran academic and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2015Link Byfield, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Otto Carius, German lieutenant and pharmacist (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Joe Franklin, American radio and television host (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Frances Lennon, English painter and illustrator (b. 1912)
  • 2016Jimmy Bain, Scottish bass player and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2016 – Fredrik Barth, German-Norwegian anthropologist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Yvonne Chouteau, Native American ballerina (One of the Five Moons) (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Marvin Minsky, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Henry Worsley, English colonel and explorer (b. 1960)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Cadoc (Wales)
    • Felician of Foligno
    • Francis de Sales
    • Pratulin Martyrs (Greek Catholic Church)
    • January 24 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Saturday of Souls can fall, while February 27 (or 28 during Leap Year) is the latest; observed 57 days before Easter. (Eastern Orthodox)
  • Feast of Our Lady of Peace (Roman Catholic Church), and its related observances:
    • Feria de Alasitas (La Paz)
  • Moebius Syndrome Awareness Day (International observance)
  • Unification Day (Romania)

External links

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