Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

Script error: No such module "Protection banner". Script error: No such module "Pp-move-indef".

2021

01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 
  2021 (Saturday)
  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Saturday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Monday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".January 23 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 342 days remain until the end of the year (343 in leap years).

Events

  • 393Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius co-emperor.
  • 971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops.
  • 1264 – In the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a one-sided decision in favour of Henry that later leads to the Second Barons' War.
  • 1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1546 – Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
  • 1570James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.
  • 1571 – The Royal Exchange opens in London.
  • 1579 – The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
  • 1656Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.
  • 1719 – The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1789Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)
  • 1793Second Partition of Poland.
  • 1795 – After an extraordinary charge across the frozen Zuiderzee, the French cavalry captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry
  • 1846Slavery in Tunisia is abolished.
  • 1849Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.
  • 1870 – In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.
  • 1879Anglo-Zulu War: the Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.
  • 1897Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • 1899 – The Malolos Constitution is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic.
  • 1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
  • 1900Second Boer War: The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.
  • 1904Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
  • 1909Template:RMS, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day.
  • 1912 – The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • 1920 – The Netherlands refuses to surrender the exiled Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
  • 1937 – The trial of the anti-Soviet Trotskyist center sees seventeen mid-level Communists accused of sympathizing with Leon Trotsky and plotting to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime.
  • 1941Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Rabaul commences Japan's invasion of Australia's Territory of New Guinea.
  • 1943 – World War II: Troops of Montgomery's Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German–Italian Panzer Army.
  • 1943 – World War II: Australian and American forces defeat Japanese army and navy units in the bitterly-fought Battle of Buna–Gona.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse on Guadalcanal ends.
  • 1945 – World War II: German admiral Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
  • 1950 – The Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
  • 1957 – American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee".
  • 1958 – After a general uprising and rioting in the streets, President Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.
  • 1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to Script error: No such module "convert". in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1961 – The Portuguese luxury cruise ship Santa Maria is hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.
  • 1963 – The Guinea-Bissau War of Independence officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.
  • 1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
  • 1967Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Ivory Coast are established.
  • 1967 – Milton Keynes (England) is founded as a new town by Order in Council, with a planning brief to become a city of 250,000 people. Its initial designated area enclosed three existing towns and twenty one villages.
  • 1973 – United States President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
  • 1986 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.
  • 1997Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
  • 1998Netscape announced Mozilla, with the intention to release Communicator code as open source.
  • 2001 – Five people attempt to set themselves on fire in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution.
  • 2002 – U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.
  • 2003 – A very weak signal from Pioneer 10 is detected for the last time, but no usable data can be extracted.

Births

  • 1350Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)
  • 1514Hai Rui, Chinese politician (d. 1587)
  • 1688Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1719John Landen, English mathematician and theorist (d. 1790)
  • 1737John Hancock, American general and politician, 1st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • 1745William Jessop, English engineer, built the Cromford Canal (d. 1814)
  • 1752Muzio Clementi, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1832)
  • 1780Georgios Karaiskakis, Greek general (d. 1827)
  • 1783Stendhal, French author (d. 1842)
  • 1786Auguste de Montferrand, French-Russian architect, designed Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Alexander Column (d. 1858)
  • 1809Surendra Sai, Indian activist (d. 1884)
  • 1813Camilla Collett, Norwegian author and activist (d. 1895)
  • 1828Saigō Takamori, Japanese samurai (d. 1877)
  • 1832Édouard Manet, French painter (d. 1883)
  • 1833Muthu Coomaraswamy, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1879)
  • 1838Marianne Cope, German-American nun and aint (d. 1918)
  • 1840Ernst Abbe, German physicist and engineer (d. 1905)
  • 1846Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1915)
  • 1855John Browning, American weapons designer, founded the Browning Arms Company (d. 1926)
  • 1857Andrija Mohorovičić, Croatian meteorologist and seismologist (d. 1936)
  • 1862David Hilbert, Russian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1943)
  • 1872Paul Langevin, French physicist and academic (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Jože Plečnik, Slovenian architect, designed Plečnik Parliament (d. 1957)
  • 1876Otto Diels, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1878Rutland Boughton, English composer (d. 1960)
  • 1880Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama, Mexican politician (d. 1967)
  • 1881Luisa Casati, Italian-English model (d. 1957)
  • 1882Eero Kilpi, Finnish actor (d. 1954)
  • 1884 – George McManus, American cartoonist (d. 1954)
  • 1894Jyotirmoyee Devi, Indian author (d. 1988)
  • 1896Alf Blair, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1944)
  • 1896 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Alf Hall, English-South African cricketer (d. 1964)
  • 1897Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian activist and politician (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Georg Kulenkampff, German violinist (d. 1948)
  • 1897 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
  • 1897 – Ieva Simonaitytė, Lithuanian author (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – William Stephenson, Canadian captain and spy (d. 1989)
  • 1898Sergei Eisenstein, Latvian-Russian director and screenwriter (d. 1948)
  • 1898 – Randolph Scott, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Freda Utley, English scholar and author (d. 1978)
  • 1899Glen Kidston, English race car driver and pilot (d. 1931)
  • 1900William Ifor Jones, Welsh organist and conductor (d. 1988)
  • 1901Arthur Wirtz, American businessman (d. 1983)
  • 1903Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian lawyer and politician, 16th Minister of National Education of Colombia (d. 1948)
  • 1905Erich Borchmeyer, German sprinter (d. 2000)
  • 1907Dan Duryea, American actor and singer (d. 1968)
  • 1907 – Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1910Django Reinhardt, Belgian guitarist and composer (d. 1953)
  • 1912Boris Pokrovsky, Russian director and manager (d. 2009)
  • 1913Jean-Michel Atlan, Algerian-French painter (d. 1960)
  • 1913 – Wally Parks, American businessman, founded the National Hot Rod Association (d. 2007)
  • 1915Herma Bauma, Austrian javelin thrower and handball player (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – W. Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian-Barbadian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Potter Stewart, American lawyer and judge (d. 1985)
  • 1916David Douglas Duncan, American photographer and journalist
  • 1916 – Airey Neave, English colonel, lawyer, and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (d. 1979)
  • 1918Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Florence Rush, American social worker and theorist (d. 2008)
  • 1919Frances Bay, Canadian-American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1919 – Hans Hass, Austrian biologist and diver (d. 2013)
  • 1919 – Ernie Kovacs, American actor and game show host (d. 1962)
  • 1919 – Bob Paisley, English footballer and manager (d. 1996)
  • 1920Henry Eriksson, Swedish runner (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Walter Frederick Morrison, American businessman, invented the Frisbee (d. 2010)
  • 1922Leon Golub, American painter and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1923Horace Ashenfelter, American runner
  • 1923 – Cot Deal, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Walter M. Miller, Jr., American soldier and author (d. 1996)
  • 1924Frank Lautenberg, American soldier, businessman, and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1925Marty Paich, American pianist, composer, producer, and conductor (d. 1995)
  • 1926Bal Thackeray, Indian journalist, cartoonist, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1927Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American businessman and explorer (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Fred Williams, Australian painter (d. 1982)
  • 1928Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jeanne Moreau, French actress
  • 1929 – Myron Cope, American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Phillip Knightley, Australian journalist, author, and critic
  • 1929 – John Polanyi, German-Canadian chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930Filaret, Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan
  • 1930 – Derek Walcott, Saint Lucian poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930 – Teresa Żylis-Gara, Polish operatic soprano
  • 1932George Allen, English footballer
  • 1932 – Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (d. 2013)
  • 1933Bill Hayden, Australian politician, 21st Governor General of Australia
  • 1933 – Chita Rivera, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1934Pierre Bourgault, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1935Mike Agostini, Trinidadian sprinter (d. 2016)
  • 1935 – Robert Parris Moses, American educator and activist
  • 1935 – Tom Reamy, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1936Brian Howe, Australian minister and politician, 8th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1936 – Jerry Kramer, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1936 – Cécile Ousset, French pianist
  • 1938Giant Baba, Japanese wrestler and promoter, founded All Japan Pro Wrestling (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Georg Baselitz, German painter and sculptor
  • 1940Alan Cheuse, American author, critic, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Johnny Russell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001)
  • 1941Jock R. Anderson, Australian economist and academic
  • 1941 – João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1942Abdur Razzak, Indian-Bangladeshi actor and producer
  • 1942 – Herman Tjeenk Willink, Dutch judge and politician
  • 1943Gary Burton, American vibraphone player and composer
  • 1943 – Özhan Canaydın, Turkish basketball player and businessman (d. 2010)
  • 1943 – Gil Gerard, American actor and producer
  • 1944Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor, director, and producer
  • 1945Mike Harris, Canadian politician, 22nd Premier of Ontario
  • 1946Arnoldo Alemán, Nicaraguan lawyer and politician, President of Nicaragua
  • 1946 – Boris Berezovsky, Russian-English businessman and mathematician (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Zvonko Bušić, Croatian terrorist, hijacker of TWA Flight 355 (d. 2013)
  • 1947Tom Carper, American captain and politician, 71st Governor of Delaware
  • 1947 – Megawati Sukarnoputri, Indonesian politician, 5th President of Indonesia
  • 1948Alastair Compston, Emeritus of Neurology at the University of Cambridge
  • 1948 – David F. Ford, Irish theologian and academic
  • 1948 – Anita Pointer, American singer-songwriter
  • 1950Richard Dean Anderson, American actor, producer, and composer
  • 1950 – Bill Cunningham, American bass player and keyboard player
  • 1950 – John Greaves, Welsh bass player and songwriter
  • 1950 – Suzanne Scotchmer, American economist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Luis Alberto Spinetta, Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and poet (d. 2012)
  • 1951Margaret Bailes, American sprinter
  • 1951 – Chesley Sullenberger, American captain and pilot
  • 1952Omar Henry, South African cricketer
  • 1953John Luther Adams, American composer
  • 1953 – Alister McGrath, Irish priest, historian, and theologian
  • 1953 – Antonio Villaraigosa, American politician, 41st Mayor of Los Angeles
  • 1954Franco De Vita, Venezuelan singer-songwriter
  • 1954 – Trevor Hohns, Australian cricketer
  • 1957Caroline, Princess of Hanover
  • 1957 – Lou Schuler, American journalist and author
  • 1958Sergey Litvinov, Russian hammer thrower
  • 1959Clive Bull, English radio host
  • 1960Leilani Kai, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1960 – Jean-François Sauvé, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961Mas Selamat bin Kastari, Indonesian-Singaporean criminal
  • 1961 – Yelena Sinchukova, Russian long jumper
  • 1962David Arnold, English composer
  • 1962 – Aivar Lillevere, Estonian footballer and coach
  • 1962 – Elvira Lindo, Spanish journalist and author
  • 1962 – Richard Roxburgh, Australian actor and producer
  • 1964Jonatha Brooke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – Mariska Hargitay, American actress and producer
  • 1964 – Bharrat Jagdeo, Guyanese economist and politician, 7th President of Guyana
  • 1964 – Mario Roberge, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965Louie Clemente, American drummer
  • 1966Damien Hardman, Australian surfer
  • 1966 – Oleg Sakirkin, Kazakhstani triple jumper (d. 2015)
  • 1966 – Haywoode Workman, American basketball player and referee
  • 1967Owen Cunningham, Australian rugby league player
  • 1967 – Naim Süleymanoğlu, Bulgarian-Turkish weightlifter and politician
  • 1968Taro Hakase, Japanese violinist and composer
  • 1968 – Petr Korda, Czech-Monacan tennis player
  • 1969Ariadna Gil, Spanish actress
  • 1969 – Andrei Kanchelskis, Ukrainian-Russian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Brendan Shanahan, Canadian ice hockey player and actor
  • 1969 – Susen Tiedtke, German long jumper
  • 1970Constantina Diță, Romanian-American runner
  • 1970 – Brendan O'Connor, Irish singer and television host
  • 1970 – Oleg Ovsyannikov, Russian ice dancer
  • 1970 – Spyridon Vasdekis, Greek long jumper
  • 1971Scott Gibbs, Welsh-South African rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Kevin Mawae, American football player and coach
  • 1971 – Marc Nelson, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Adam Parore, New Zealand cricketer and mountaineer
  • 1972Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor and producer
  • 1972 – Lisa Snowdon, English model and television host
  • 1972 – Dmitry Shumkov, Russian lawyer and philanthropist (d. 2015)
  • 1972 – Marcel Wouda, Dutch swimmer and coach
  • 1973Lanei Chapman, American actress
  • 1973 – Tomas Holmström, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Epy Quizon, Filipino actor and screenwriter
  • 1974Sampsa Astala, Finnish singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1974 – Joël Bouchard, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1974 – Rebekah Elmaloglou, Australian actress
  • 1974 – Yosvani Pérez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1974 – Richard T. Slone, English painter
  • 1974 – Tiffani Thiessen, American actress
  • 1975Phil Dawson, American football player
  • 1975 – Tito Ortiz, American mixed martial artist, referee, and actor
  • 1976Brandon Duckworth, American baseball player and scout
  • 1976 – Harmen Fraanje, Dutch pianist and composer
  • 1976 – Tony Lucca, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1976 – Angelica Lee, Malaysian actress
  • 1979Larry Hughes, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Dawn O'Porter, Scottish-English fashion designer and journalist
  • 1979 – Juan Rincón, Venezuelan baseball player and coach
  • 1981Sarai, American rapper and actress
  • 1981 – Rob Friend, Canadian soccer player
  • 1982Patrick Levis, American actor
  • 1982 – Wily Mo Peña, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Andrew Rock, American sprinter
  • 1983Irving Saladino, Panamanian long jumper
  • 1984Robbie Farah, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984 – Arjen Robben, Dutch footballer
  • 1985Dong Fangzhuo, Chinese footballer
  • 1985 – Doutzen Kroes, Dutch model and actress
  • 1985 – Yevgeny Lukyanenko, Russian pole vaulter
  • 1985 – Aselefech Mergia, Ethiopian runner
  • 1986Gero, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Gelete Burka, Ethiopian runner
  • 1986 – Anne Foy, English actress and television host
  • 1986 – Yukie Kawamura, Japanese model and actress
  • 1986 – Marc Laird, Scottish footballer
  • 1986 – José Enrique, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Steven Taylor, English footballer
  • 1987The Avener, French DJ and producer
  • 1987 – Felicia Brandström, Swedish singer
  • 1987 – Leo Komarov, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1988Shaun Kenny-Dowall, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1988 – Alan Power, Irish footballer
  • 1989April Pearson, English actress
  • 1990Artjom Abramov, Estonian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Şener Özbayraklı, Turkish footballer
  • 1990 – Alex Silva, Canadian wrestler
  • 1990 – Martyn Waghorn, English footballer
  • 1992Reina Triendl, Japanese model and actress
  • 1995Lee Yoo-young, South Korean singer

Deaths

  • 1002Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
  • 1199Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur, Moroccan caliph (b. 1160)
  • 1516Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1548Bernardo Pisano, Italian priest, scholar, and composer (b. 1490)
  • 1549Johannes Honter, Romanian-Hungarian cartographer and theologian (b. 1498)
  • 1567Jiajing Emperor of China (b. 1507)
  • 1570James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Scottish politician (b. 1531)
  • 1622William Baffin, English explorer and navigator (b. 1584)
  • 1744Giambattista Vico, Italian historian and philosopher (b. 1668)
  • 1785Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1717)
  • 1789Frances Brooke, English author and playwright (b. 1724)
  • 1789 – John Cleland, English author (b. 1709)
  • 1800Edward Rutledge, American captain and politician, 39th Governor of South Carolina (b. 1749)
  • 1803Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer, founded Guinness (b. 1725)
  • 1805Claude Chappe, French engineer (b. 1763)
  • 1806William Pitt the Younger, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  • 1810Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist and physicist (b. 1776)
  • 1812Robert Craufurd, Scottish general and politician (b. 1764)
  • 1820Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (b. 1767)
  • 1833Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, English admiral and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1837John Field, Irish pianist and composer (b. 1782)
  • 1866Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (b. 1785)
  • 1875Charles Kingsley English priest and author (b. 1819)
  • 1883Gustave Doré, French engraver and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1893Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, American lawyer and politician, 16th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1825)
  • 1893 – José Zorrilla, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1817)
  • 1921Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer and conductor (b. 1877)
  • 1922Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor and academic (b. 1855)
  • 1923Max Nordau, Austrian physician and author (b. 1849)
  • 1931Anna Pavlova, Russian-English ballerina (b. 1881)
  • 1937Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1939Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer and manager (b. 1903)
  • 1943Alexander Woollcott, American actor, playwright, and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1944Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1863)
  • 1947Pierre Bonnard, French painter (b. 1867)
  • 1956Alexander Korda, Hungarian-English director and producer (b. 1893)
  • 1957Willie Edwards, American murder victim (b. 1932)
  • 1963Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor (b. 1908)
  • 1966T. M. Sabaratnam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1895)
  • 1971Fritz Feigl, Austrian-Brazilian chemist and academic (b. 1871)
  • 1973Alexander Onassis, American-Greek businessman (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Kid Ory, American trombonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1886)
  • 1976Paul Robeson, American actor, singer, and activist (b. 1898)
  • 1977Toots Shor, American businessman, founded Toots Shor's Restaurant (b. 1903)
  • 1978Terry Kath, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Jack Oakie, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1980Giovanni Michelotti, Italian engineer (b. 1921)
  • 1981Samuel Barber, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
  • 1983Fred Bakewell, English cricketer and coach (b. 1908)
  • 1984Muin Bseiso, Palestinian-Egyptian poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 1986Joseph Beuys, German sculptor and painter (b. 1921)
  • 1988Charles Glen King, American biochemist and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1989Salvador Dalí, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Lars-Erik Torph, Swedish race car driver (b. 1961)
  • 1990Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 1991Northrop Frye, Canadian author and critic (b. 1912)
  • 1992Freddie Bartholomew, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1993Thomas A. Dorsey, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Keith Laumer, American soldier, author, and diplomat (b. 1925)
  • 1994Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian field marshal (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Brian Redhead, English journalist and author (b. 1929)
  • 1997Richard Berry, American singer-songwriter (b. 1935)
  • 1999Joe D'Amato, Italian director and cinematographer (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Jay Pritzker, American businessman, co-founded the Hyatt Corporation (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Lincoln Thompson, Jamaican-English singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 2002Paul Aars, American race car driver (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Robert Nozick, American philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2003Nell Carter, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
  • 2004Bob Keeshan, American television personality and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (b. 1920)
  • 2005Morys Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Johnny Carson, American talk show host and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2007Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian sociologist and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and author (b. 1932)
  • 2009Robert W. Scott, American farmer and politician, 67th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
  • 2010Kermit Tyler, American colonel and pilot (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – Earl Wild, American pianist and composer (b. 1915)
  • 2011Jack LaLanne, American fitness instructor, author, and television host (b. 1914)
  • 2012Wesley E. Brown, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1907)
  • 2012 – Marcel De Boodt, Belgian agriculturalist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Maurice Meisner, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Bingham Ray, American businessman, co-founded October Films (b. 1954)
  • 2013Józef Glemp, Polish cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Peter van der Merwe, South African cricketer and referee (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Jean-Félix-Albert-Marie Vilnet, French bishop (b. 1922)
  • 2014Yuri Izrael, Russian meteorologist and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Mille Marković, Serbian-Swedish boxer (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Riz Ortolani, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1926)
  • 2015Ernie Banks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Prosper Ego, Dutch activist, founded the Oud-Strijders Legioen (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (b. 1924)
  • 2016Espectrito, Mexican wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2016 – Barry Brickell, New Zealand potter and author (b. 1935)
  • 2016 – Žuži Jelinek, Hungarian-Croatian fashion designer (b. 1920)
  • 2016 – Bobby Wanzer, American basketball player and coach (b. 1921)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abakuh
    • Marianne of Molokai
    • Emerentiana
    • Espousals of the Blessed Virgin Mary
    • Ildefonsus of Toledo
    • Phillips Brooks (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Saint Sarkis the Warrior
    • January 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Bounty Day (Pitcairn Islands)
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's Jayanti (Orissa, Tripura, and West Bengal, India)
  • World Freedom Day (Taiwan and South Korea)

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

{{{header}}}
{{{body}}}