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  2021 (Friday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Thursday)
  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Sunday)

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Events

  • 613 – Eight-month-old Constantine is crowned as co-emperor (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople.
  • 871Battle of Basing: The West Saxons led by king Æthelred I are defeated by the Danelaw Vikings at Basing.
  • 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
  • 1517 – The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya.
  • 1521 – Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
  • 1555 – The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now present-day Burma.
  • 1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the thrones of England and Ireland when he fled to France in 1688.
  • 1808 – The Portuguese royal family arrives in Brazil after fleeing the French army's invasion of Portugal two months earlier.
  • 1824 – The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
  • 1849Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender.
  • 1863 – The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish–Lithuanian–Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
  • 1877Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
  • 1879Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana: Zulu troops decisively defeat British troops.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift: One hundred thirty-nine British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an onslaught by three to four thousand Zulu warriors.
  • 1889Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1890 – The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
  • 1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
  • 1901Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
  • 1905Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
  • 1906Template:SS runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
  • 1915 – Over 600 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico, when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon.
  • 1917World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
  • 1919Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
  • 1924Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1927Teddy Wakelam gives the first live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
  • 1941World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.
  • 1946 – In Iran, Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president and Haji Baba Sheikh is the prime minister.
  • 1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 1947KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.
  • 1957Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1957 – The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
  • 1962 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
  • 1963 – The Élysée Treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
  • 1968Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
  • 1968 – Operation Igloo White, a US electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South Vietnam begins installation.
  • 1970 – The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
  • 1971 – The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued.
  • 1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
  • 1973 – The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission.
  • 1973 – A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing 176.
  • 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during a Super Bowl XVIII television commercial.
  • 1987Philippine security forces open fire on a crowd of 10,000–15,000 demonstrators at Malacañang Palace, Manila, killing 13.
  • 1991Persian Gulf War: Three Iraqi Scuds and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
  • 1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle program: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman and the first neurologist in space.
  • 1995Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre: In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
  • 1999 – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
  • 2002Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
  • 2006Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
  • 2007 – At least 88 people are killed when two car bombs explode in the Bab Al-Sharqi market in central Baghdad, Iraq.
  • 2015 – An explosion near a civilian trolley-bus in Donetsk kills at least thirteen people.

Births

  • 826Emperor Montoku of Japan (d. 858)
  • 1263Ibn Taymiyyah, Syirian scholar and theologian (d. 1328)
  • 1440Ivan III of Russia (d. 1505)
  • 1552Walter Raleigh, English poet, soldier, courtier, and explorer (d. 1618)
  • 1561Francis Bacon, English philosopher and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (d. 1626)
  • 1570Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington, English historian and politician, founded the Cotton library (d. 1631)
  • 1592Pierre Gassendi, French mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (d. 1655)
  • 1645William Kidd, Scottish sailor and pirate hunter (d. 1701)
  • 1654Richard Blackmore, English physician and poet (d. 1729)
  • 1690Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1729Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German philosopher and author (d. 1781)
  • 1733Philip Carteret, English admiral and explorer (d. 1796)
  • 1740Noah Phelps, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 1809)
  • 1781François Habeneck, French violinist and conductor (d. 1849)
  • 1788Lord Byron, English poet and playwright (d. 1824)
  • 1796Karl Ernst Claus, Estonian-Russian chemist, botanist, and academic (d. 1864)
  • 1797Maria Leopoldina of Austria (d. 1826)
  • 1799Ludger Duvernay, Canadian journalist, publisher, and politician (d. 1852)
  • 1802Richard Upjohn, English-American architect (d. 1878)
  • 1831Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1917)
  • 1831 – Joseph Alfred Slade, American businessman (d. 1864)
  • 1840Ernest Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1849August Strindberg, Swedish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1912)
  • 1858Beatrice Webb, English sociologist and economist (d. 1943)
  • 1865Wilbur Scoville, American chemist and pharmacist (d. 1942)
  • 1869José Vicente de Freitas, Portuguese colonel and politician, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1952)
  • 1874Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1874 – Jay Hughes, American baseball player and coach (d. 1924)
  • 1875D. W. Griffith, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1948)
  • 1877Tom Jones, American baseball player and manager (d. 1923)
  • 1879Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (d. 1953)
  • 1880Bill O'Neill, Canadian-American baseball player (d. 1920)
  • 1880 – Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician and academic (d. 1956)
  • 1881Ira Thomas, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)
  • 1886John J. Becker, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1961)
  • 1887Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (d. 1972)
  • 1889Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (d. 1935)
  • 1889 – Amos Strunk, American baseball player and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1890Fred M. Vinson, American judge and politician, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
  • 1891Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher and politician (d. 1937)
  • 1892Marcel Dassault, French businessman, founded Dassault Aviation (d. 1986)
  • 1893Conrad Veidt, German-American actor, director, and producer (d. 1943)
  • 1897Rosa Ponselle, American operatic soprano (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Dilipkumar Roy, a Bengali Indian musician, musicologist, novelist, poet and essayist. (d. 1980)
  • 1898Ross Barnett, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of Mississippi (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director and screenwriter (d. 1948)
  • 1898 – Denise Legeay, French actress (d. 1968)
  • 1899Martti Haavio, Finnish poet and mythologist (d. 1973)
  • 1900Ernst Busch, German actor and singer (d. 1980)
  • 1902Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler, coach, and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1903Fritz Houtermans, Polish-German physicist and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1904George Balanchine, Russian-American dancer, choreographer, and director, co-founded the New York City Ballet (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian journalist and author (d. 1941)
  • 1905Willy Hartner, German physicist, historian, and academic (d. 1981)
  • 1906Robert E. Howard, American author and poet (d. 1936)
  • 1907Douglas Corrigan, American pilot and engineer (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Dixie Dean, English footballer (d. 1980)
  • 1908Lev Landau, Azerbaijani-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1908 – Prince Oana, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976)
  • 1909Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican race car driver, polo player, and diplomat (d. 1965)
  • 1909 – Ann Sothern, American actress and singer (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – U Thant, Burmese educator and diplomat, 3rd United Nations Secretary-General (d. 1974)
  • 1911Bruno Kreisky, Austrian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chancellor of Austria (d. 1990)
  • 1913Henry Bauchau, Belgian psychoanalyst and author (d. 2012)
  • 1913 – William Conway, Irish cardinal (d. 1977)
  • 1913 – Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 1914Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek violinist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1915Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician, Mayor of Berlin (d. 1993)
  • 1916Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1972)
  • 1916 – Henri Dutilleux, French pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Harilal Upadhyay, Indian author, poet, and astrologist (d. 1994)
  • 1918Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1919Diomedes Olivo, Dominican baseball player and scout (d. 1977)
  • 1920Irving Kristol, American journalist, author, and academic, founded The National Interest (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Alf Ramsey, English footballer and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1921Arno Babajanian, Armenian pianist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1922Howard Moss, American poet, playwright and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1923Diana Douglas, British-American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1924J. J. Johnson, American trombonist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Ján Chryzostom Korec, Slovak cardinal (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Charles Lisanby, American production designer and art director (d. 2013)
  • 1925Johnny Bucha, American baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Bobby Young, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1927Lou Creekmur, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
  • 1928Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian, author, and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1929Petr Eben, Czech composer, organist and choirmaster (d. 2007)
  • 1930Mariví Bilbao, Spanish actress (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Éamon de Buitléar, Irish accordion player and director (d. 2013)
  • 1931Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1931 – Galina Zybina, Russian shot putter and javelin thrower
  • 1932Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Piper Laurie, American actress
  • 1933Yuri Chesnokov, Russian volleyball player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1934Vijay Anand, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Bill Bixby, American actor and director (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Graham Kerr, English chef and author
  • 1935Alexander Men, Russian priest and scholar (d. 1990)
  • 1936Ong Teng Cheong, Singaporean architect and politician, 5th President of Singapore (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan politician
  • 1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, American police officer and author
  • 1938Peter Beard, Australian photographer and author
  • 1939Jørgen Garde, Danish admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1939 – Alfredo Palacio, Ecuadoran physician and politician, President of Ecuador
  • 1939 – J. C. Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player and scout (d. 1994)
  • 1940John Hurt, English actor
  • 1940 – George Seifert, American football player and coach
  • 1940 – Gillian Shephard, English educator and politician, Secretary of State for Education
  • 1941Jaan Kaplinski, Estonian poet, philosopher, and critic
  • 1942Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
  • 1943Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Michael Spicer, English journalist and politician
  • 1944Khosrow Golsorkhi, Iranian journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1974)
  • 1944 – Uto Ughi, Italian violinist and conductor
  • 1945Arthur Beetson, Australian rugby player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1945 – Jophery Brown, American baseball player, actor, and stuntman (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Jean-Pierre Nicolas, French race car driver and manager
  • 1945 – Christoph Schönborn, Bohemian-Austrian cardinal
  • 1945 – Alojz Uran, Slovenian archbishop
  • 1946Malcolm McLaren, English singer-songwriter and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1946 – Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1947Vladimir Oravsky, Czech-Swedish author and director
  • 1948Northern Calloway, American actor and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1948 – Gilbert Levine, American conductor and academic
  • 1948 – Roger Williams, Welsh politician
  • 1949 – Mike Caldwell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Steve Perry, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1950Paul Bew, Northern Irish historian and academic
  • 1950 – Pamela Salem, Indian-English actress
  • 1951Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater and coach (d. 1989)
  • 1951 – Leon Roberts, American baseball player and manager
  • 1951 – Steve J. Spears, Australian actor, singer, and playwright (d. 2007)
  • 1952Ramón Avilés, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1953Winfried Berkemeier, German footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Myung-whun Chung, South Korean pianist and conductor
  • 1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director and screenwriter
  • 1955Thomas David Jones, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1955 – Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
  • 1956Steve Riley, American drummer
  • 1957Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Brian Dayett, American baseball player and manager
  • 1957 – Godfrey Thoma, Nauruan politician
  • 1957 – Francis Wheen, English journalist and author
  • 1958Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Filiz Koçali, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1959Linda Blair, American actress and producer
  • 1960Michael Hutchence, Australian singer-songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1961Quintin Dailey, American basketball player (d. 2010)
  • 1961 – Yang Geum-seok, South Korean actress
  • 1962Jimmy Herring, American guitarist
  • 1962 – Huw Irranca-Davies, Welsh lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – Eric Schaeffer, American actor and director
  • 1962 – Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor
  • 1962 – Sirous Ghayeghran, Iranian footballer and manager (d. 1998)
  • 1963Nicola Duffett, English actress
  • 1963 – Javier Ortiz, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Andrei Tchmil, Russian-Belgian cyclist and politician
  • 1964Nigel Benn, English-Australian boxer
  • 1964 – Stojko Vranković, Croatian basketball player
  • 1965Steven Adler, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1965 – DJ Jazzy Jeff, American DJ and producer
  • 1965 – Diane Lane, American actress
  • 1965 – Andrew Roachford, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1966Craig Salvatori, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1967Nick Gillingham, English swimmer
  • 1967 – Eleanor McEvoy, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1968Heath, Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1968 – Guy Fieri, American chef, author, and television host
  • 1968 – Frank Leboeuf, French footballer, sportscaster, and actor
  • 1965 – Andrew Roachford, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1968 – Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
  • 1969Olivia d'Abo, English-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1969 – Keith Gordon, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
  • 1971Stan Collymore, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1972Terry Hill, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Gabriel Macht, American actor and producer
  • 1972 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan race car driver (d. 1999)
  • 1972 – Norberto Téllez, Cuban runner
  • 1973Larry Birkhead, American photographer
  • 1973 – Rogério Ceni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974Cameron McConville, Australian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Joseph Muscat, Maltese journalist and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Malta
  • 1975Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1975 – James Murray, English actor
  • 1975 – David Výborný, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976Jimmy Anderson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976 – James Dearth, American football player
  • 1977Mario Domm, Mexican singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1977 – Jono Gibbes, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1977 – Anna Linkova, Russian tennis player
  • 1977 – Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
  • 1977 – Luciano Andrade Rissutt, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978Joseph Calleja, Maltese actor
  • 1978 – Chone Figgins, American baseball player
  • 1979Aidan Burley, New Zealand-English politician
  • 1979 – Carlos Ruiz, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1980Jake Grove, American football player
  • 1981Willa Ford, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1981 – Beverley Mitchell, American actress and singer
  • 1981 – Ben Moody, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1981 – Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
  • 1981 – Guy Wilks, English race car driver
  • 1982Fabricio Coloccini, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983Shaun Cody, American football player
  • 1984Ben Eager, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ubaldo Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Leon Powe, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Maceo Rigters, Dutch footballer
  • 1985Orianthi, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1985 – Fotios Papoulis, Greek footballer
  • 1986Maher Magri, Tunisian footballer
  • 1986 – Matt Simon, Australian footballer
  • 1987Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian skier
  • 1987 – Shane Long, Irish footballer
  • 1987 – Ray Rice, American football player
  • 1988Asher Allen, American football player
  • 1988 – Greg Oden, American basketball player
  • 1989Rūta Gajauskaitė, Lithuanian figure skater
  • 1989 – RJ Padilla, Filipino actor
  • 1989 – Theo Robinson, English-Jamaican footballer
  • 1990Alizé Cornet, French tennis player
  • 1991Marcus Canty, American singer and dancer
  • 1991 – Stefan Kolb, German footballer
  • 1991 – Alex MacDowall, English race car driver
  • 1993Alex Marques, Portuguese footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1996Joshua Ho-Sang, Canadian ice hockey player

Deaths

  • 239Cao Rui, Chinese emperor (b. 205)
  • 1341Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)
  • 1517Hadım Sinan Pasha, Ottoman politician, 32nd Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. ?)
  • 1536Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
  • 1552Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, English general and politician, Lord High Treasurer of England (b. 1500)
  • 1575James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault (b. 1516)
  • 1599Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian organist and composer (b. 1547)
  • 1666Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor (b. 1592)
  • 1750Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
  • 1763John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1690)
  • 1767Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German meteorologist and geologist (b. 1719)
  • 1798Lewis Morris, American judge and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1779Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
  • 1779 – Claudius Smith, American guerrilla leader (b. 1736)
  • 1840Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German physician, physiologist, and anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1850Vincent Pallotti, Italian missionary and saint (b. 1795)
  • 1879Anthony Durnford, Irish colonel (b. 1830)
  • 1879 – Henry Pulleine, English colonel (b. 1838)
  • 1892Joseph P. Bradley, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1813)
  • 1900David Edward Hughes, Welsh-American physicist, co-invented the microphone (b. 1831)
  • 1901Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
  • 1901 – Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist and academic (b. 1825)
  • 1921George Streeter, American captain and businessman (b. 1837)
  • 1922Fredrik Bajer, Danish educator and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Pope Benedict XV (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Camille Jordan, French mathematician and academic (b. 1838)
  • 1925Fanny Bullock Workman, American geographer and mountain climber (b. 1859)
  • 1927James Ford Rhodes, American historian and author (b. 1848)
  • 1929R. C. Lehmann, English journalist, author, and politician (b. 1856)
  • 1930Stephen Mather, American businessman and conservationist, co-founded the Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company (b. 1867)
  • 1931László Batthyány-Strattmann, Hungarian physician and ophthalmologist (b. 1870)
  • 1945Else Lasker-Schüler, German poet and playwright (b. 1869)
  • 1949William Thomas Walsh, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1891)
  • 1950Alan Hale, Sr., American actor and director (b. 1892)
  • 1951Karl Nessler, German-American hairdresser, invented the Perm (b. 1872)
  • 1951 – Lawson Robertson, Scottish-American sprinter and high jumper (b. 1883)
  • 1957Ralph Barton Perry, American philosopher and academic (b. 1876)
  • 1959Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver (b. 1929)
  • 1964Marc Blitzstein American pianist and composer (b. 1905)
  • 1966Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
  • 1967Robert Henriques, English farmer and author (b. 1905)
  • 1968Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1890)
  • 1971Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (b. 1890)
  • 1973Lyndon B. Johnson, American lieutenant and politician, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
  • 1975Andrew George Burry, Swiss-American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1873)
  • 1978Oliver Leese, English general (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer and soldier (b. 1894)
  • 1979Ali Hassan Salameh, Palestinian rebel leader (b. 1940)
  • 1980Yitzhak Baer, German-Israeli historian and academic (b. 1888)
  • 1981Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and academic (b. 1903)
  • 1982Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean lawyer and politician, 28th President of Chile (b. 1911)
  • 1985Arthur Bryant, English historian and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1987R. Budd Dwyer, American educator and politician, 30th Treasurer of Pennsylvania (b. 1939)
  • 1989S. Vithiananthan, Sri Lankan author and academic (b. 1924)
  • 1991Robert Choquette, Canadian author, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 1993Kōbō Abe, Japanese playwright and photographer (b. 1924)
  • 1994Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Rhett Forrester, American singer-songwriter (Riot) (b. 1956)
  • 1994 – Telly Savalas, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1995Jerry Blackwell, American wrestler (b. 1949)
  • 1996Israel Eldad, Polish-Israeli philosopher and author (b. 1910)
  • 1997Ron Holden, American singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1997 – Billy Mackenzie, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1957)
  • 1997 – Wally Whyton, English singer-songwriter and broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 1999Graham Staines, Australian-Indian missionary and translator (b. 1941)
  • 2000Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Anne Hébert, Canadian author and poet (b. 1916)
  • 2001Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Roy Brown, American clown and puppeteer (b. 1932)
  • 2002Peter Bardens, English keyboard player (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Stanley Marcus, American businessman and author (b. 1905)
  • 2003Bill Mauldin, American soldier and cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 2004Billy May, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Tom Mead, Australian journalist and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
  • 2005César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Carlo Orelli, Italian soldier (b. 1894)
  • 2005 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican pianist and songwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2006Aydın Güven Gürkan, Turkish academic and politician, Turkish Minister of Labor and Social Security (b. 1941)
  • 2007Ngô Quang Trưởng, Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Abbé Pierre, French priest and activist (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Liz Renay, American actress, author and performer (b. 1926)
  • 2008Heath Ledger, Australian actor and director (b. 1979)
  • 2008 – Miles Lerman, Polish Holocaust survivor and activist (b. 1920)
  • 2009Billy Werber, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 2010Louis R. Harlan, American historian and author (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Jean Simmons, English-American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2012Simon Marsden, English photographer and author (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Joe Paterno, American football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Clarence Tillenius, Canadian painter and environmentalist (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Dick Tufeld, American actor, announcer, narrator and voice actor (b. 1926)
  • 2013Robert Bonnaud, French historian and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Hinton Mitchem, American businessman and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Lucyna Winnicka, Polish actress (b. 1928)
  • 2014Maziar Partow, Iranian cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian actor and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2015Fabrizio de Miranda, Italian engineer and academic, co-designed the Rande Bridge (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of Kentucky (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Margaret Bloy Graham, Canadian author and illustrator (b. 1920)
  • 2016Homayoun Behzadi, Iranian footballer and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Cecil Parkinson, English politician (b. 1931)
  • 2016 – Lois Ramsey, Australian actress (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Kamer Genç, Turkish politician (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasius of Persia
    • Blessed William Joseph Chaminade
    • Gaudentius of Novara
    • Vincent Pallotti
    • Vincent of Saragossa
    • Vincent, Orontius, and Victor
    • January 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Unity of Ukraine (Ukraine)
  • Grandfather's Day (Poland)

External links

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