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Events

  • 27 BCGaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
  • 378 – General Siyaj K'ak' conquers Tikal, enlarging the domain of King Spearthrower Owl of Teotihuacán.
  • 550Gothic War: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
  • 929Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba.
  • 1120 – The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1362 – 'De Grote Mandrenke’ A storm tide in the North Sea ravages the East coast of England and destroys the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand.
  • 1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
  • 1492 – The first grammar of the Spanish language is presented to Queen Isabella I.
  • 1547 – Ivan IV of Russia a.k.a. Ivan the Terrible becomes Czar of Russia.
  • 1556Philip II becomes King of Spain.
  • 1572Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  • 1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid, Spain.
  • 1707 – The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
  • 1761 – The British capture Pondichéry, India from the French.
  • 1780American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • 1786Virginia enacted the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.
  • 1809Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña.
  • 1847John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
  • 1862Hartley Colliery disaster: Two hundred and four men and boys killed in a mining disaster, prompted a change in UK law which henceforth required all collieries to have at least two independent means of escape.
  • 1878Russo-Turkish War (1877–78): Battle of Philippopolis: Captain Aleksandr Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • 1883 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is passed.
  • 1896 – Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • 1900 – The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • 1909Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
  • 1919Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
  • 1920Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University.
  • 1920 – The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris, France.
  • 1921 – The Marxist Left in Slovakia and the Transcarpathian Ukraine holds its founding congress in Ľubochňa.
  • 1924Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time.
  • 1938Benny Goodman and his band performed in concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City
  • 1939 – The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a bombing and sabotage campaign in England.
  • 1942 – Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
  • 1945Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
  • 1964Hello, Dolly! opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
  • 1969Czech student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in protest against the Soviets' crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.
  • 1969 – Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a space walk.
  • 1970Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
  • 1979 – The last Iranian Shah flees Iran with his family for good and relocates to Egypt.
  • 1986 – First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
  • 1991 – The Coalition Forces go to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
  • 1992El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City, Mexico ending the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War that claimed at least 75,000 lives.
  • 2001Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • 2001 – US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War.
  • 2002 – The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
  • 2003 – The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
  • 2006Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.
  • 2016 – 33 out of 126 freed hostages are injured and 23 killed in 2016 Ouagadougou attack in Burkina Faso. The attack was carried out on a hotel and a nearby restaurant in the capital.

Births

  • 1093Isaac Komnenos, Byzantine son of Alexios I Komnenos (d. 1152)
  • 1245Edmund Crouchback, English politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (d. 1296)
  • 1362Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland (d. 1392)
  • 1409René of Anjou (d. 1480)
  • 1477Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
  • 1501Anthony Denny, English politician (d. 1549)
  • 1516Bayinnaung, Burmese king (d. 1581)
  • 1616François de Vendôme, Duke of Beaufort (d. 1669)
  • 1626Lucas Achtschellinck, Belgian painter and educator (d. 1699)
  • 1634Dorothe Engelbretsdatter, Norwegian author and poet (d. 1716)
  • 1675Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1755)
  • 1691Peter Scheemakers, Belgian sculptor and educator (d. 1781)
  • 1728Niccolò Piccinni, Italian composer and educator (d. 1800)
  • 1749Vittorio Alfieri, Italian poet and playwright (d. 1803)
  • 1757Richard Goodwin Keats, English admiral and politician, 3rd Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1834)
  • 1807Charles Henry Davis, American admiral (d. 1877)
  • 1815Henry Halleck, American lawyer, general, and scholar (d. 1872)
  • 1821John C. Breckinridge, American general and politician, 14th Vice President of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1834Robert R. Hitt, American lawyer and politician, 13th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1906)
  • 1836Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • 1838Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
  • 1844Ismail Qemali, Albanian civil servant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1919)
  • 1851William Hall-Jones, English-New Zealand politician, 16th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1936)
  • 1853Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English actor and manager (d. 1937)
  • 1853 – Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, Greek-English general (d. 1947)
  • 1853 – André Michelin, French businessman, co-founded the Michelin Tyre Company (d. 1931)
  • 1855Eleanor Marx, English activist and author (d. 1898)
  • 1870Jüri Jaakson, Estonian businessman and politician, State Elder of Estonia (d. 1942)
  • 1872Henri Büsser, French organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1973)
  • 1872 – Edward Gordon Craig, English actor, director, and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1874Robert W. Service, English-Canadian poet and author (d. 1958)
  • 1875Leonor Michaelis, German biochemist and physician (d. 1947)
  • 1876Claude Buckenham, English cricketer and footballer (d. 1937)
  • 1878Harry Carey, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1947)
  • 1880Samuel Jones, American high jumper (d. 1954)
  • 1882Margaret Wilson, American author (d. 1973)
  • 1885Zhou Zuoren, Chinese author and translator (d. 1967)
  • 1887John Hamilton, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 1893Daisy Kennedy, Australian-English violinist (d. 1981)
  • 1894Irving Mills, American publisher (d. 1985)
  • 1895Evripidis Bakirtzis, Greek soldier and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – T. M. Sabaratnam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Nat Schachner, American lawyer, chemist, and author (d. 1955)
  • 1897Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet and academic (d. 1977)
  • 1898Margaret Booth, American producer and editor (d. 2002)
  • 1898 – Irving Rapper, American film director and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1900Edith Frank, German-Dutch mother of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  • 1901Fulgencio Batista, Cuban colonel and politician, 9th President of Cuba (d. 1973)
  • 1901 – Frank Zamboni, American businessman, founded the Zamboni Company (d. 1988)
  • 1902Eric Liddell, Scottish runner, rugby player, and missionary (d. 1945)
  • 1903William Grover-Williams, English-French race car driver (d. 1945)
  • 1905Ernesto Halffter, Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1906Johannes Brenner, Estonian footballer and pilot (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Diana Wynyard, English actress (d. 1964)
  • 1907Alexander Knox, Canadian-English actor and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Paul Nitze, American banker and politician, 10th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 2004)
  • 1908Ethel Merman, American actress and singer (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Günther Prien, German captain (d. 1941)
  • 1910Dizzy Dean, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1974)
  • 1911Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean lawyer and politician, 28th President of Chile (d. 1982)
  • 1911 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (d. 1996)
  • 1914Roger Wagner, French-American conductor and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1915Leslie H. Martinson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1916Philip Lucock, English-Australian minister and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1917Carl Karcher, American businessman, founded Carl's Jr. (d. 2008)
  • 1918Nel Benschop, Dutch poet and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Allan Ekelund, Swedish director, producer, and production manager (d. 2009)
  • 1918 – Clem Jones, Australian surveyor and politician, 8th Lord Mayor of Brisbane (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Stirling Silliphant, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1919Jerome Horwitz, American chemist and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1920Alberto Crespo, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Elliott Reid, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1921Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1923Anton-Günther, Duke of Oldenburg (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Gene Feist, American director and playwright, co-founded the Roundabout Theatre Company (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Anthony Hecht, American soldier, poet, and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Keith Shackleton, English painter and television host (d. 2015)
  • 1924Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  • 1925Peter Hirsch, German-English metallurgist and academic
  • 1925 – James Robinson Risner, American general and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1926O. P. Nayyar, Indian director and composer (d. 2007)
  • 1928William Kennedy, American journalist, historian, and author
  • 1928 – Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1929Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah, Sri Lankan anthropologist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1930Mary Ann McMorrow, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Norman Podhoretz, American journalist and author
  • 1930 – Paula Tilbrook, English actress
  • 1931John Enderby, English physicist and academic
  • 1931 – Robert L. Park, American physicist and academic
  • 1931 – Johannes Rau, German journalist and politician, 8th Federal President of Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1932Victor Ciocâltea, Romanian chess player (d. 1983)
  • 1932 – Dian Fossey, American zoologist and anthropologist (d. 1985)
  • 1933Susan Sontag, American author and playwright (d. 2004)
  • 1934Marilyn Horne, American soprano and actress
  • 1935A. J. Foyt, American race car driver
  • 1935 – Udo Lattek, German footballer, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1936Michael White, Scottish actor and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1937Luiz Bueno, Brazilian race car driver (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Francis George, American cardinal (d. 2015)
  • 1938Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Jô Soares, Brazilian comedian, actor, and talk show host
  • 1938 – Marina Vaizey, American journalist and critic
  • 1939Ralph Gibson, American photographer
  • 1941Christine Truman, English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1942René Angélil, Canadian singer and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1942 – Barbara Lynn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943Gavin Bryars, English bassist and composer
  • 1943 – Brian Ferneyhough, English-American composer and academic
  • 1943 – Ronnie Milsap, American singer and pianist
  • 1944Dieter Moebius, Swiss-German keyboard player and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Jim Stafford, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1944 – Jill Tarter, American astronomer and biologist
  • 1944 – Judy Baar Topinka, American journalist and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1945Wim Suurbier, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1946Katia Ricciarelli, Italian soprano and actress
  • 1947Elaine Murphy, Baroness Murphy, English academic and politician
  • 1947 – Magdalen Nabb, English author and educator (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Harvey Proctor, English politician
  • 1947 – Laura Schlessinger, American physiologist, talk show host, and author
  • 1948John Carpenter, American director, producer, screenwriter, and composer
  • 1948 – Ants Laaneots, Estonian general
  • 1948 – Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand singer-songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1948 – Ruth Reichl, American journalist and critic
  • 1949Anne F. Beiler, American businesswoman, founded Auntie Anne's
  • 1949 – R. F. Foster, Irish historian and academic
  • 1949 – Andrew Refshauge, Australian physician and politician, 13th Deputy Premier of New South Wales
  • 1950Debbie Allen, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1950 – Robert Schimmel, American comedian, actor, and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1950 – Damo Suzuki, Japanese singer and guitarist
  • 1952Piercarlo Ghinzani, Italian race car driver and manager
  • 1952 – L. Blaine Hammond, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1952 – Julie Anne Peters, American engineer and author
  • 1953Robert Jay Mathews, American militant, founded The Order (d. 1984)
  • 1954Wolfgang Schmidt, German discus thrower
  • 1954 – Vasili Zhupikov, Russian footballer and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1955Jerry M. Linenger, American captain, physician, and astronaut
  • 1956Martin Jol, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1956 – Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist and engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1956 – Greedy Smith, Australian singer-songwriter and keyboardist
  • 1957Jurijs Andrejevs, Latvian footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Ricardo Darín, Argentinian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Mark Pawsey, English businessman and politician
  • 1958Andriy Bal, Ukrainian footballer and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1958 – Anatoli Boukreev, Russian mountaineer and explorer (d. 1997)
  • 1958 – Lena Ek, Swedish lawyer and politician, 9th Swedish Minister for the Environment
  • 1958 – Marla Frazee, American author and illustrator
  • 1958 – Tony Pulis, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Andris Šķēle, Latvian businessman and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Latvia
  • 1959Sade, Nigerian-English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1959 – Lisa Milroy, Canadian painter and educator
  • 1961Paul Raven, English bass player (d. 2007)
  • 1961 – Kenneth Sivertsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer (d. 2006)
  • 1962Joel Fitzgibbon, Australian electrician and politician, 51st Australian Minister of Defence
  • 1962 – Maxine Jones, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1962 – John T. Riedl, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1962 – Paul Webb, English bass player
  • 1963James May, English journalist and television host
  • 1964 – Deyan Nedelchev, Bulgarian singer-songwriter
  • 1965Jill Sobule, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967Shim Hye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1968Rebecca Stead, American author
  • 1969Neil Back, English rugby player and coach
  • 1969 – Marinus Bester, German footballer
  • 1969 – Stevie Jackson, Scottish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1969 – Per "Dead" Ohlin, Swedish singer-songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1970Ron Villone, American baseball player and coach
  • 1971Sergi Bruguera, Spanish tennis player and coach
  • 1971 – Josh Evans, American film producer, screenwriter and actor
  • 1971 – Jonathan Mangum, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
  • 1972 – Ang Christou, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Yuri Alekseevich Drozdov, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Joe Horn, American football player and coach
  • 1974Marlon Anderson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Brent Hinds, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – John Hopoate, Tongan-Australian rugby league player and boxer
  • 1974 – Kate Moss, English model and fashion designer
  • 1976Viktor Maslov, Russian race car driver
  • 1976 – Martina Moravcová, Slovak swimmer
  • 1977Jeff Foster, American basketball player
  • 1978Alfredo Amézaga, Mexican baseball player
  • 1979Aaliyah, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1979 – Brenden Morrow, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Jason Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980Lin-Manuel Miranda, American actor, playwright, and composer
  • 1980 – Albert Pujols, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1981Jamie Lundmark, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Paul Rofe, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Nick Valensi, American guitarist
  • 1981 – Bobby Zamora, English footballer
  • 1982Preston, English singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Tuncay Şanlı, Turkish footballer
  • 1983Emanuel Pogatetz, Austrian footballer
  • 1983 – Andriy Rusol, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1984Stephan Lichtsteiner, Swiss footballer
  • 1984 – Miroslav Radović, Serbian footballer
  • 1984 – Jared Slingerland, Canadian guitarist
  • 1984 – Kurt Travis, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985Joe Flacco, American football player
  • 1985 – Jayde Herrick, Australian cricketer
  • 1985 – Gintaras Januševičius, Russian-Lithuanian pianist
  • 1985 – Jonathan Richter, Danish footballer
  • 1986Johannes Rahn, German footballer
  • 1986 – Mark Trumbo, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Reto Ziegler, Swiss footballer
  • 1987Charlotte Henshaw, English swimmer
  • 1988Nicklas Bendtner, Danish footballer
  • 1988 – Jorge Torres Nilo, Mexican footballer
  • 1991Matt Duchene, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1993Hannes Anier, Estonian footballer
  • 1993 – Amandine Hesse, French tennis player
  • 1994Charlotte Best, Australian model and actress
  • 1995Mikaela Turik, Australian-Canadian cricketer

Deaths

  • 654Gao Jifu, Chinese politician, Chancellor of the Tang dynasty (b. 596)
  • 957Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ali al-Madhara'i, Egyptian politician (b. 871)
  • 970Polyeuctus of Constantinople
  • 1327Nikephoros Choumnos, Byzantine monk, scholar, and politician (b. 1250)
  • 1387Elizabeth of Bosnia (b. 1339)
  • 1400John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician, Lord Great Chamberlain (b. 1352)
  • 1545George Spalatin, German priest and reformer (b. 1484)
  • 1547Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
  • 1554Christiern Pedersen, Danish publisher and scholar (b. 1480)
  • 1585Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral and politician (b. 1512)
  • 1592John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern (b. 1543)
  • 1595Murad III, Ottoman sultan (b. 1546)
  • 1659Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
  • 1710Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
  • 1711Joseph Vaz, Indian-Sri Lankan priest and saint (b. 1651)
  • 1747Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet and playwright (b. 1680)
  • 1748Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch lawyer and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1750Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal and politician (b. 1667)
  • 1752Francis Blomefield, English historian and author (b. 1705)
  • 1794Edward Gibbon, English historian and politician (b. 1737)
  • 1809John Moore, Scottish general and politician (b. 1761)
  • 1817Alexander J. Dallas, Jamaican-American lawyer and politician, 6th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1759)
  • 1834Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician and academic (b. 1769)
  • 1856Thaddeus William Harris, American entomologist and botanist (b. 1795)
  • 1864Anton Schindler, Austrian secretary and author (b. 1795)
  • 1865Edmond François Valentin About, French journalist and author (b. 1828)
  • 1879Octave Crémazie, Canadian-French poet and bookseller (b. 1827)
  • 1886Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer and academic (b. 1834)
  • 1891Léo Delibes, French pianist and composer (b. 1836)
  • 1898Charles Pelham Villiers, English lawyer and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1901Jules Barbier, French poet and playwright (b. 1825)
  • 1901 – Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter and academic (b. 1827)
  • 1901 – Hiram Rhodes Revels, American soldier, minister, and politician (b. 1822)
  • 1906Marshall Field, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Marshall Field's (b. 1834)
  • 1917George Dewey, American admiral (b. 1837)
  • 1919Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 5th President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • 1920Reginald De Koven, American composer and critic (b. 1859)
  • 1933Bekir Sami Kunduh, Turkish politician (b. 1867)
  • 1938Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Indian author and playwright (b. 1876)
  • 1942Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (b. 1850)
  • 1942 – Villem Grünthal-Ridala, Estonian poet and linguist (b. 1885)
  • 1942 – Carole Lombard, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1942 – Ernst Scheller, German lawyer and politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1899)
  • 1957Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, English general and politician, 16th Governor General of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1957 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian cellist and conductor (b. 1867)
  • 1959Phan Khôi, Vietnamese journalist and author (b. 1887)
  • 1960Arthur Darby, English rugby player (b. 1876)
  • 1961Max Schöne, German swimmer (b. 1880)
  • 1962Frank Hurley, Australian photographer, director, producer, and cinematographer (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, designed the Monument to the Unknown Hero (b. 1883)
  • 1967Robert J. Van de Graaff, American physicist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1968Bob Jones, Sr., American evangelist, founded Bob Jones University (b. 1883)
  • 1968 – Panagiotis Poulitsas, Greek archaeologist and judge (b. 1881)
  • 1969Vernon Duke, Russian-American composer and songwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1971Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)
  • 1972Teller Ammons, American soldier and politician, 28th Governor of Colorado (b. 1895)
  • 1972 – Ross Bagdasarian, Sr., American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor, created Alvin and the Chipmunks (b. 1919)
  • 1973Edgar Sampson, American musician and composer (1907)
  • 1975Israel Abramofsky, Russian-American painter (b. 1888)
  • 1978A. V. Kulasingham, Sri Lankan journalist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1979Ted Cassidy, American giant and actor (b. 1932)
  • 1985Robert Fitzgerald, American poet, critic, and translator (b. 1910)
  • 1986Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1987Bertram Wainer, Australian physician and activist (b. 1928)
  • 1988Andrija Artuković, Croatian politician, war criminal, and Porajmos perpetrator, 1st Minister of Interior of the Independent State of Croatia (b. 1899)
  • 1995Eric Mottram, English poet and critic (b. 1924)
  • 1996Marcia Davenport, American author and critic (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Kaye Webb, English journalist and publisher (b. 1914)
  • 1999Jim McClelland, Australian lawyer, jurist, and politician, 12th Minister for Industry and Science (b. 1915)
  • 2000Will "Dub" Jones, American singer (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Robert R. Wilson, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2001Auberon Waugh, English author and journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2002Robert Hanbury Brown, English astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Bobo Olson, American boxer (b. 1928)
  • 2003Richard Wainwright, English politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004Kalevi Sorsa, Finnish politician 34th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  • 2005Marjorie Williams, American journalist and author (b. 1958)
  • 2006Stanley Biber, American soldier and physician (b. 1923)
  • 2007Benny Parsons, American race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1941)
  • 2009Joe Erskine, American boxer and runner (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – John Mortimer, English lawyer and author (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Andrew Wyeth, American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2010Glen Bell, American businessman, founded Taco Bell (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Jyoti Basu, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Takumi Shibano, Japanese author and translator (b. 1926)
  • 2012Joe Bygraves, Jamaican-English boxer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Castor, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Sigursteinn Gíslason, Icelandic footballer and manager (b. 1968)
  • 2012 – Lorna Kesterson, American journalist and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Gustav Leonhardt, Dutch pianist, conductor, and musicologist (b. 1928)
  • 2013Wayne D. Anderson, American baseball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – André Cassagnes, French technician and toy maker, created the Etch A Sketch (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Gussie Moran, American tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Pauline Phillips, American journalist and radio host, created Dear Abby (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Glen P. Robinson, American businessman, founded Scientific Atlanta (b. 1923)
  • 2014Gary Arlington, American author and illustrator (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Ruth Duccini, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Wiley W. Hilburn, American journalist and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Russell Johnson, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Dave Madden, Canadian-American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Hiroo Onoda, Japanese lieutenant (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Bud Spangler, American drummer, composer, and producer (b. 1938)
  • 2015Miriam Akavia, Polish-Israeli author and translator (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Ian Athfield, New Zealand architect (b. 1940)
  • 2016Joannis Avramidis, Greek sculptor (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Ted Marchibroda, American football player and coach (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Berard of Carbio
    • Blaise (Armenian Apostolic)
    • Fursey
    • Joseph Vaz
    • Honoratus of Arles
    • Pope Marcellus I
    • Titian of Oderzo
    • January 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God (Coptic Church)
  • Zuuruku Nichi (Okinawa Islands, Japan)
  • National Nothing Day (United States)
  • National Religious Freedom Day (United States)
  • Teachers' Day (Thailand)
  • Teacher's Day (Myanmar)
  • Thiruvalluvar Day (Tamil Nadu, India)

External links

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