Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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  2021 (Friday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Thursday)
  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Sunday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 364 days remain until the end of the year (365 in leap years).

History

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Catholic Church, many countries in western Europe moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals – December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record notes the execution of Charles I as occurring on January 30, 1648, (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1362 Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  • 1522 Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Duchy of Lorraine
  • 1583 Northern Netherlands
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

Events

  • 153 BCRoman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
  • 42 BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar.
  • AD 69 – The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.
  • 193 – The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.
  • 404Telemachus, a Christian monk, is killed for attempting to stop a gladiators' fight in the public arena held in Rome.
  • 417 – Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
  • 1001 – Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
  • 1068Romanos IV Diogenes marries Eudokia Makrembolitissa and is crowned Byzantine Emperor.
  • 1259Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1438Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1502 – The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is first explored by the Portuguese.
  • 1515 – King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
  • 1527 – Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1600 – Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.
  • 1651Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
  • 1700 – Russia begins using the Anno Domini era instead of the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1707John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1739Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
  • 1772 – The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England.
  • 1773 – The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17" is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England.
  • 1776American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
  • 1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1801 – Ceres, the largest and first known object in the Asteroid belt, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
  • 1803 – Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804 – French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States
  • 1806 – The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
  • 1808 – The United States bans the importation of slaves.
  • 1810 – Major-General Lachlan Macquarie officially becomes Governor of New South Wales
  • 1812 – The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners' strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham
  • 1822 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • 1833 – The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
  • 1847 – The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh by the Sisters of Mercy; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.
  • 1860First Polish stamp is issued.
  • 1861Porfirio Díaz conquers Mexico City, Mexico.
  • 1863American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
  • 1877Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1881Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal.
  • 1885 – Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)
  • 1890Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1892Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States.
  • 1898 – New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
  • 1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
  • 1901Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
  • 1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
  • 1902 – The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
  • 1908 – For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York City's Times Square to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.
  • 1910 – Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members), since Horatio Nelson.
  • 1912 – The Republic of China is established.
  • 1914 – The SPT Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline to use a winged aircraft.
  • 1920 – The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1923 – Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.
  • 1927 – The Cristero War begins in Mexico.
  • 1928Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin's secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
  • 1929 – The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver.
  • 1932 – The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1934Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison.
  • 1934 – Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • 1937 – Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in the United Kingdom.
  • 1942 – The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
  • 1945World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops kill 60 German POWs at Chenogne.
  • 1945 – World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
  • 1947 – The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany.
  • 1947 – The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.
  • 1948 – The British railway network is nationalized to form British Railways.
  • 1949United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.
  • 1950 – Standard practice uses this day as the origin of the age scale Before Present
  • 1956Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
  • 1957George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Elizabeth II.
  • 1958European Economic Community established on this day.
  • 1959Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces during the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1960Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1962Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.
  • 1964 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
  • 1965 – The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1971Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
  • 1973Denmark, the United Kingdom, and Ireland are admitted into the European Economic Community.
  • 1978Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing 213.
  • 1979 – Formal diplomatic relations are established between China and the United States.
  • 1981 – Greece is admitted into the European Community.
  • 1982Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • 1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.
  • 1984 – The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
  • 1984 – Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
  • 1985 – The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone.
  • 1986Aruba becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Netherlands.
  • 1988 – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
  • 1989 – The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion.
  • 1990David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.
  • 1993Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
  • 1994 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas.
  • 1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.
  • 1995 – The World Trade Organization goes into effect.
  • 1995 – The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.
  • 1996 – Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands.
  • 1998 – Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
  • 1999Euro currency is introduced in 11 member nations of the European Union (with the exceptions of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden; Greece later adopts the euro).
  • 2002 – Euro currency becomes legal tender in twelve of the European Union's member states.
  • 2004 – In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007.
  • 2007 – Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Sulawesi Strait, Indonesia with 102 people on board.
  • 2009 – Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2010 – A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more.
  • 2011 – A bomb explodes as Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, leave a new year service, killing 23 people.
  • 2013 – At least 60 people are killed and 200 injured in a stampede after celebrations at Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
  • 2016The Address Downtown Dubai burns over midnight as the New Year is rung in. The blaze started on the night of New Year's Eve 2015, by currently unknown causes. There was one fatality.
  • 2017An attack on a nightclub in Istanbul, Turkey, during New Year's celebrations, kills at least 39 people and injures more than 60 others.
  • 2017 – Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres was officially elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.


Births

  • 377Arcadius, Byzantine emperor (d. 408)
  • 1431Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
  • 1449Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian politician (d. 1492)
  • 1453Bernardin Frankopan, Croatian nobleman, diplomat and soldier (d. 1529)
  • 1465Lachlan Cattanach Maclean, 11th Chief, Scottish clan chief (d. 1523)
  • 1467Sigismund I the Old, Polish king (d. 1548)
  • 1484Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1531)
  • 1488Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1543)
  • 1500Solomon Molcho, Portuguese mystic (d. 1532)
  • 1509Guillaume Le Testu, French privateer (d. 1573)
  • 1515Johann Weyer, Dutch physician (d. 1588)
  • 1516Margaret Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1526Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary to Latin America, patron saint of Colombia (d. 1581)
  • 1530Thomas Bromley, English lord chancellor (d. 1587)
  • 1545Magnus Heinason, Faroese naval hero (d. 1589)
  • 1548Giordano Bruno, Italian mathematician, friar, philosopher, poet, and cosmological theorist (d. 1600)
  • 1557Stephen Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1560Hugh Myddelton, Welsh businessman (d. 1631)
  • 1561Thomas Walsingham, English spymaster (d. 1630)
  • 1579Jacob Dircksz de Graeff, Dutch mayor (d. 1638)
  • 1584Charles de Lorme, French physician (d. 1678)
  • 1586Pau Claris i Casademunt, Catalan ecclesiastic (d. 1641)
  • 1600Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1649)
  • 1628Christoph Bernhard, German composer and theorist (d. 1692)
  • 1638Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1655Christian Thomasius, German jurist and philosopher (d. 1728)
  • 1684Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch scholar and author (d. 1748)
  • 1704Soame Jenyns, English author, poet, and politician (d. 1787)
  • 1711Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714Giovanni Battista Mancini, Italian soprano and author (d. 1800)
  • 1714 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian pastor and poet (d. 1780)
  • 1735Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818)
  • 1745Anthony Wayne, American general and politician (d. 1796)
  • 1750Frederick Muhlenberg, American minister and politician, 1st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
  • 1752Betsy Ross, American seamstress, credited with designing the Flag of the United States (d. 1836)
  • 1768Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish author (d. 1849)
  • 1769Marie Lachapelle, French obstetrician (d. 1821)
  • 1769 – Jane Marcet, British science writer (d. 1858)
  • 1774André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and academic (d. 1860)
  • 1779William Clowes, English publisher (d. 1847)
  • 1803Edward Dickinson, American politician and father of poet Emily Dickinson (d. 1874)
  • 1803 – Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1869)
  • 1806Lionel Kieseritzky, Estonian-French chess player (d. 1853)
  • 1809Achille Guenée, French lawyer and entomologist (d. 1880)
  • 1813George Bliss, American politician (d. 1868)
  • 1818William Gamble, American general (d. 1866)
  • 1819Arthur Hugh Clough, English-Italian poet and academic (d. 1861)
  • 1819 – George Foster Shepley, American general (d. 1878)
  • 1823Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and activist (d. 1849)
  • 1833Robert Lawson, Scottish-New Zealand architect, designed the Otago Boys' High School and Knox Church (d. 1902)
  • 1834Ludovic Halévy, French author and playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1839Ouida, English-Italian author and activist (d. 1908)
  • 1848John W. Goff, Irish-American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1852Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1854James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist and academic (d. 1941)
  • 1857Tim Keefe, American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1859Thibaw Min, Burmese king (d. 1916)
  • 1859 – Michael Joseph Owens, American inventor (d. 1923)
  • 1860John Cassidy, Irish sculptor and painter (d. 1939)
  • 1860 – Dan Katchongva, American tribal leader and activist (d. 1972)
  • 1860 – Michele Lega, Italian cardinal (d. 1935)
  • 1860 – Jan Vilímek, Czech illustrator and painter (d. 1938)
  • 1863Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (d. 1937)
  • 1864Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)
  • 1864 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and curator (d. 1946)
  • 1867Mary Ackworth Evershed, English astronomer and Dante scholar (d. 1949)
  • 1867 – Lew Fields, American actor, producer, and manager (d. 1941)
  • 1871Montagu Toller, English cricketer and lawyer (d. 1948)
  • 1874Frank Knox, American publisher and politician, 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
  • 1874 – Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (d. 1927)
  • 1877Alexander von Staël-Holstein, German sinologist and orientalist (d. 1937)
  • 1878Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish mathematician, statistician, and engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1879E. M. Forster, English author and playwright (d. 1970)
  • 1879 – William Fox, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer, founded the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theatres (d. 1952)
  • 1883William J. Donovan, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1959)
  • 1883 – Dimitrios Semsis, Greek violinist and composer (d. 1950)
  • 1884Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant, engineer, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – José Quirante, Spanish footballer, coach, and manager (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Egyptian-Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1970)
  • 1887Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (d. 1945)
  • 1888John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand rifle (d. 1974)
  • 1888 – Georgios Stanotas, Greek general (d. 1965)
  • 1889Charles Bickford, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1890Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1891Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 3rd Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1969)
  • 1892Mahadev Desai, Indian author and activist (d. 1942)
  • 1892 – Artur Rodziński, Polish-American conductor (d. 1958)
  • 1892 – Manuel Roxas, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Philippines (d. 1948)
  • 1893Mordechai Frizis, Greek colonel (d. 1940)
  • 1894Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974)
  • 1894Edward Joseph Hunkeler, American clergyman (d. 1970)
  • 1895J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972)
  • 1899Jack Beresford, British rower (d. 1977)
  • 1900Sam Berger, Canadian sports businessman (d. 1992)
  • 1900 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1900 – Chiune Sugihara, Japanese soldier and diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar, Indian scholar and teacher of Hindustani classical music (d. 1974)
  • 1902Hans von Dohnányi, German jurist and political dissident (d. 1945)
  • 1902 – Buster Nupen, South African cricketer and lawyer (d. 1977)
  • 1903Dwight Taylor, American screenwriter and author (d. 1986)
  • 1904Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th President of Pakistan (d. 1982)
  • 1905Stanisław Mazur, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician and theorist (d. 1981)
  • 1907Kinue Hitomi, Japanese sprinter and long jumper (d. 1931)
  • 1909Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Dattaram Hindlekar, Indian cricketer (d. 1949)
  • 1909 – Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian soldier and politician (d. 1959)
  • 1910Koesbini, Indonesian composer (d. 1991)
  • 1911Audrey Wurdemann, American poet and author (d. 1960)
  • 1911 – Basil Dearden, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player and lieutenant (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Roman Totenberg, Polish-American violinist and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1912Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1917Shannon Bolin, American actress and singer (d. 2016)
  • 1918Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Ed Price, American soldier, pilot, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1919Rocky Graziano, American boxer and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Carole Landis, American actress (d. 1948)
  • 1919 – J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – Yoshio Tabata, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1920Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist (d. 2013)
  • 1921Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-American philosopher and academic (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – César Baldaccini, French sculptor and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Regina Bianchi, Italian actress (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – John Strawson, English general (d. 2014)
  • 1922Ernest Hollings, American soldier and politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina
  • 1922 – Roz Howard, American race car driver (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Jerry Robinson, American illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1923Valentina Cortese, Italian actress
  • 1923 – Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Milt Jackson, American vibraphonist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 1999)
  • 1924Charlie Munger, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1924 – Francisco Macías Nguema, Equatorial Guinean politician, 1st President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (d. 1979)
  • 1925Matthew Beard, American actor and singer (d. 1981)
  • 1925 – Wahiduddin Khan, Indian religious scholar and peace activist
  • 1925 – Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Tanzanian Minister of Finance (d. 2005)
  • 1926Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1927Maurice Béjart, French-Swiss dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Calum MacKay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – James Reeb, American clergyman and political activist (d. 1965)
  • 1927 – Vernon L. Smith, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Doak Walker, American football player and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1928Khan Mohammad, Pakistani cricketer (d. 2009)
  • 1928 – Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1928 – Gerhard Weinberg, German-American historian, author, and academic
  • 1929Raymond Chow, Hong Kong film producer, co-founded Orange Sky Golden Harvest
  • 1929 – Larry L. King, American journalist, author, and playwright (d. 2012)
  • 1930Jean-Pierre Duprey, French poet and sculptor (d. 1959)
  • 1930 – Ty Hardin, American actor
  • 1930 – Gaafar Nimeiry, Egyptian-Sudanese politician, 4th President of the Sudan (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Frederick Wiseman, American director and producer
  • 1932Jackie Parker, American football player and coach (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Giuseppe Patanè, Italian conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1933James Hormel, American philanthropist and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Luxembourg
  • 1933 – Joe Orton, English author and playwright (d. 1967)
  • 1934Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (d. 1984)
  • 1934 – Lakhdar Brahimi, Algerian politician, Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1935Om Prakash Chautala, Indian former politician
  • 1936Don Nehlen, American football player and coach
  • 1936 – James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founded Costco
  • 1937John Fuller, English poet and author
  • 1937 – Matt Robinson, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1938Robert Jankel, English businessman, founded Panther Westwinds (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Frank Langella, American actor
  • 1939Michèle Mercier, French actress
  • 1939 – Phil Read, English motorcycle racer and businessman
  • 1939 – Senfronia Thompson, American politician
  • 1939 – Mohamed El Yazghi, Moroccan politician
  • 1941Martin Evans, English-Welsh geneticist and academic
  • 1941 – Younoussi Touré, Malian politician, Prime Minister of Mali
  • 1942Dennis Archer, American lawyer and politician, 67th Mayor of Detroit
  • 1942 – Al Hunt, American journalist
  • 1942 – Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn, English dentist and politician
  • 1942 – Billy Lothridge, American football player (d. 1996)
  • 1942 – Country Joe McDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Alassane Ouattara, Ivorian economist and politician, President of the Ivory Coast
  • 1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Judy Stone, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1943Jerilyn Britz, American golfer
  • 1943 – Bud Hollowell, American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Don Novello, American comedian (Father Guido Sarducci), screenwriter and producer
  • 1943 – Ronald Perelman, American businessman and philanthropist, founded MacAndrews & Forbes
  • 1943 – Tony Knowles, American soldier and politician, 7th Governor of Alaska
  • 1943 – Vladimir Šeks, Croatian lawyer and politician, 16th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament
  • 1944Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese field marshal and politician, 7th President of Sudan
  • 1944 – Barry Beath, Australian rugby league player
  • 1944 – Charlie Davis, Trinidadian cricketer
  • 1944 – Jimmy Hart, American wrestling manager and singer
  • 1944 – Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani field hockey player and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1944 – Teresa Torańska, Polish journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Mati Unt, Estonian author, playwright, and director (d. 2005)
  • 1945Victor Ashe, American politician and former United States Ambassador to Poland
  • 1945 – Jacky Ickx, Belgian race car driver
  • 1945 – Martin Schanche, Norwegian race car driver
  • 1946Rivellino, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1946 – Shelby Steele, American journalist, author, and director
  • 1947Jon Corzine, American sergeant and politician, 54th Governor of New Jersey
  • 1947 – Leon Patillo, American singer and evangelist
  • 1947 – Leonard Thompson, American golfer
  • 1948Devlet Bahçeli, Turkish economist, academic, and politician, 57th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
  • 1948 – Pavel Grachev, Russian general and politician, 1st Russian Minister of Defence (d. 2012)
  • 1948 – Joe Petagno, American illustrator
  • 1948 – Dick Quax, New Zealand runner and politician
  • 1949Max Azria, Tunisian-French fashion designer
  • 1949 – Olivia Goldsmith, American author (d. 2004)
  • 1949 – Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician and diplomat
  • 1950Wayne Bennett, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1950 – Tony Currie, English footballer
  • 1950 – Deepa Mehta, Indian-Canadian director and screenwriter
  • 1950 – James Richardson, American poet and academic
  • 1951Ashfaq Hussain, Pakistani-Canadian poet and journalist
  • 1951 – Martha P. Haynes, American astronomer and academic
  • 1951 – Nana Patekar, Indian actor, screenwriter, and film director
  • 1951 – Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver
  • 1952Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Qatari ruler, 7th Emir of Qatar
  • 1952 – Shaji N. Karun, Indian director and cinematographer
  • 1952 – Rosario Marchese, Italian-Canadian educator and politician
  • 1953Gary Johnson, American businessman and politician, 29th Governor of New Mexico
  • 1953 – Lynn Jones, American baseball player and coach
  • 1954Richard Edson, American drummer
  • 1954 – Bob Menendez, American lawyer and politician
  • 1954 – Dennis O'Driscoll, Irish poet and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Yannis Papathanasiou, Greek engineer and politician, Greek Minister of Finance
  • 1955Mary Beard, English scholar, academic, and classicist
  • 1955 – LaMarr Hoyt, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain (d. 2000)
  • 1955 – Precious, Canadian wrestler and manager
  • 1955 – Simon Schaffer, British academic and historian of Science and Philosophy
  • 1956Sergei Avdeyev, Russian engineer and astronaut
  • 1956 – Andy Gill, English guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • 1956 – Mark R. Hughes, American businessman, founder of Herbalife (d. 2000)
  • 1956 – Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician; Managing Director, International Monetary Fund
  • 1956 – Mike Mitchell, American basketball player (d. 2011)
  • 1956 – Martin Plaza, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957Urmas Arumäe, Estonian lawyer and politician, Estonian Minister of Justice
  • 1957 – Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1958Dave Silk, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958 – Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ
  • 1959Andy Andrews, American tennis player
  • 1959 – Azali Assoumani, Comorian colonel and politician, President of the Comoros
  • 1959 – Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghan colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1959 – Michel Onfray, French philosopher and author
  • 1960Michael Seibert, American ice dancer and choreographer
  • 1960 – Toomas Vitsut, Estonian businessman and politician
  • 1960 – Danny Wilson, English footballer and manager
  • 1961Sergei Babayan, Armenian-American pianist and academic
  • 1961 – Sam Backo, Australian rugby league player
  • 1961 – Fiona Phillips, English journalist
  • 1962Anton Muscatelli, Italian-Scottish economist and academic
  • 1963Alberigo Evani, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Jean-Marc Gounon, French race car driver
  • 1964Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress
  • 1965Andrew Valmon, American runner and coach
  • 1965 – John Sullivan, American real estate agent and politician
  • 1966Anna Burke, Australian businesswoman and politician, 28th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives
  • 1966 – Ivica Dačić, Serbian journalist and politician, 95th Prime Minister of Serbia
  • 1967John Digweed, English DJ, record producer, and actor
  • 1967 – Tawera Nikau, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1967 – Reza Sheykholeslam, Iranian politician
  • 1967 – Derrick Thomas, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1967 – Spencer Tunick, American photographer
  • 1968Miki Higashino, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1968 – Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer
  • 1969Morris Chestnut, American actor and producer
  • 1969 – Paul Lawrie, Scottish golfer and journalist
  • 1969 – Verne Troyer, American actor and stuntman
  • 1970Sergei Kiriakov, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1971Sammie Henson, American wrestler and coach
  • 1971 – Bobby Holík, Czech-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Andre Marriner, English association football referee
  • 1971 – Juan Carlos Plata, Guatemalan footballer
  • 1971 – Chris Potter, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1971 – Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia, Indian politician
  • 1971 – Denise Stapley, American former game show contestant, winner of Survivor: Philippines
  • 1972Barron Miles, American-Canadian football player and coach
  • 1972 – Lilian Thuram, French footballer
  • 1973Shelda Bede, Brazilian volleyball player
  • 1973 – Li Fang, Chinese tennis player
  • 1973 – Danny Lloyd, American actor and educator
  • 1973 – Magnus Sahlgren, Swedish guitarist and linguist
  • 1973 – Bryan Thao Worra, Laotian-American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1974Christian Paradis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Industry
  • 1975Mohamed Albuflasa, Bahraini poet and activist
  • 1975 – Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player and coach
  • 1975 – Sonali Bendre, Indian actress and model
  • 1975 – Joe Cannon, American soccer player and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Becky Kellar-Duke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Eiichiro Oda, Japanese manga artist
  • 1975 – Bengt Sæternes, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Fernando Tatís, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976Mustafa Doğan, Turkish-German footballer and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Mile Smodlaka, Croatian water polo player
  • 1976 – Tank, American singer-songwriter and record producer
  • 1977María de la Paz Hernández, Argentinian field hockey player
  • 1977 – Leoš Friedl, Czech tennis player
  • 1977 – Craig Reucassel, Australian comedian and television host
  • 1977 – Hasan Salihamidžić, Bosnian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1978Philip Mulryne, Northern Irish footballer and priest
  • 1979Brody Dalle, Australian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Vidya Balan, Indian actress
  • 1979 – Gisela, Spanish singer and voice actress
  • 1979 – Ingo Kindervater, German retired badminton player
  • 1979 – Koichi Domoto, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1980Richie Faulkner, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1980 – Karina Jacobsgaard, Danish tennis player
  • 1981Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian race car driver
  • 1982David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1982 – Egidio Arévalo Ríos, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1982 – Luke Rodgers, English footballer
  • 1983Calum Davenport, English footballer
  • 1983 – Park Sung-hyun, South Korean archer
  • 1983 – Melaine Walker, Jamaican hurdler
  • 1984Lance Brooks, American discus thrower
  • 1984 – Cheung Kin Fung, Hong Kong footballer
  • 1984 – Christian Eigler, German footballer
  • 1984 – Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984 – Stefano Pastrello, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Rubens Sambueza, Argentinian footballer
  • 1984 – Michael Witt, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985Jeff Carter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Tiago Splitter, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1986Ramses Barden, American football player
  • 1986 – Pablo Cuevas, Uruguayan tennis player
  • 1986 – Glen Davis, American basketball player
  • 1987Gilbert Brulé, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Meryl Davis, American ice dancer
  • 1987 – Serdar Özkan, Turkish footballer
  • 1987 – Ryan Perrilloux, American football player
  • 1987 – Devin Setoguchi, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988Dallas Keuchel, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Grzegorz Panfil, Polish tennis player
  • 1989Stefan Reinartz, German footballer
  • 1989 – Bae Geu-rin, South Korean actress
  • 1989 – Jason Pierre-Paul, American football player
  • 1992Daniel Kofi Agyei, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1992 – Nathaniel Peteru, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1992 – Jack Wilshere, English footballer
  • 1993Jon Flanagan, English footballer
  • 1993 – Michael Olaitan, Nigerian footballer
  • 1994Brendan Elliot, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Craig Murray, Scottish footballer

Deaths

  • 138Lucius Aelius, adopted son and intended successor of Hadrian (b. 101)
  • 404Telemachus, Christian monk and martyr
  • 466Emperor Qianfei, emperor of the Liu Song dynasty (b. 449)
  • 510Eugendus, French abbot and saint (b. 449)
  • 680Javanshir, Albanian king (b. 616)
  • 827Adalard of Corbie, Frankish abbot
  • 898Odo of France (b. 860)
  • 962Baldwin III, Count of Flanders (b. 940)
  • 1189Henry of Marcy, Cistercian abbot (b. c. 1136)
  • 1204Haakon III of Norway (b. 1170)
  • 1387Charles II of Navarre (b. 1332)
  • 1496Charles, Count of Angoulême (b. 1459)
  • 1515Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
  • 1559Christian III of Denmark (b. 1503)
  • 1560Joachim du Bellay, French poet and critic (b. 1522)
  • 1617Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1558)
  • 1697Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine historian and author (b. 1624)
  • 1716William Wycherley, English playwright and poet (b. 1641)
  • 1748Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (b. 1667)
  • 1766James Francis Edward Stuart, English son of James II of England (b. 1688)
  • 1780Johann Ludwig Krebs, German organist and composer (b. 1713)
  • 1782Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)
  • 1789Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English lawyer and politician, British Speaker of the House of Commons (b. 1716)
  • 1793Francesco Guardi, Italian painter and educator (b. 1712)
  • 1796Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician and chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1817Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (b. 1743)
  • 1846John Torrington, English soldier and explorer (b. 1825)
  • 1853Gregory Blaxland, Australian farmer and explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1862Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian mathematician and physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1881Louis Auguste Blanqui, French activist (b. 1805)
  • 1892Roswell B. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 25th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1894Heinrich Hertz, German physicist and academic (b. 1857)
  • 1896Alfred Ely Beach, American publisher and lawyer, created the Beach Pneumatic Transit (b. 1826)
  • 1906Hugh Nelson, Scottish-Australian farmer and politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • 1918William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet and author (b. 1858)
  • 1919Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • 1921Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German lawyer and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  • 1922István Kühár, Slovene priest and politician (b. 1887)
  • 1929Mustafa Necati, Turkish civil servant and politician, Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1894)
  • 1931Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
  • 1937Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Indian religious leader, founded the Gaudiya Math (b. 1874)
  • 1940Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian author and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1944Edwin Lutyens, English architect, designed the Castle Drogo and Thiepval Memorial (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1953Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)
  • 1954Duff Cooper, English politician and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Leonard Bacon, American poet and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1955Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist and historian (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Indian chemist and academic (b. 1894)
  • 1958Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
  • 1960Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1965Emma Asson, Estonian historian and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1966Vincent Auriol, French journalist and politician, 16th President of the French Republic (b. 1884)
  • 1969Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish pole vaulter and javelin thrower (b. 1888)
  • 1971Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian saint (b. 1894)
  • 1972Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888)
  • 1978Don Freeman, American author and illustrator (b. 1908)
  • 1980Pietro Nenni, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1891)
  • 1981Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1982Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1984Alexis Korner, French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928)
  • 1985Sigerson Clifford, Irish poet, playwright, and civil servant (b. 1913)
  • 1992Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and admiral, co-developed COBOL (b. 1906)
  • 1994Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)
  • 1994 – Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Edward Arthur Thompson, Irish historian and academic (b. 1914)
  • 1995Eugene Wigner, Hungarian-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1996Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Arthur Rudolph, German-American engineer (b. 1906)
  • 1997Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 1997 – Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 1998Helen Wills, American tennis player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 2000Colin Vaughan, Australian-Canadian journalist and activist (b. 1931)
  • 2001Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2002Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (b. 1944)
  • 2003Royce D. Applegate, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Joe Foss, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 20th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1915)
  • 2005Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Eugene J. Martin, American painter (b. 1938)
  • 2006Harry Magdoff, American economist and journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2007Leon Davidson, American chemist and engineer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Roland Levinsky, South African-English biochemist and academic (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Tillie Olsen, American short story writer (b. 1912)
  • 2008Pratap Chandra Chunder, Indian educator and politician
  • 2008 – Harold Corsini, American photographer and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2009Claiborne Pell, American politician (b. 1918)
  • 2010Lhasa de Sela, American-Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1972)
  • 2011Marin Constantin, Romanian composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2012Kiro Gligorov, Bulgarian-Macedonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, businessman, and activist (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Tommy Mont, American football player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2013Gerhard Fischer, German SS officer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Christopher Martin-Jenkins, English journalist (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Patti Page, American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • 2014Pete DeCoursey, American journalist (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Higashifushimi Kunihide, Japanese monk and educator (b. 1910)
  • 2014 – William Mgimwa, Tanzanian banker and politician, 13th Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Juanita Moore, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 2015Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Donna Douglas, American actress (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (b. 1950)
  • 2016Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet and journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Mike Oxley, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2017Tony Atkinson, British economist (b. 1944)
  • 2017 – Yvon Dupuis, Canadian politician (b. 1926)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Adalard of Corbie
    • Basil the Great (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Feast of the Circumcision of Christ
      • Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus (Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church)
      • Feast of Fools (Medieval Europe)
    • Fulgentius of Ruspe
    • Giuseppe Maria Tomasi
    • Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God, the Octave Day of Christmas, considered a holy day of obligation in some countries (Catholic Church); and its related observances:
      • World Day of Peace
    • Telemachus
    • Zygmunt Gorazdowski
    • January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Handsel Monday can fall, while January 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of the year (Scotland)
  • Second day of Hogmanay (Scotland) December 31-January 1, in some cases until January 2.
  • The last day of Kwanzaa (African-Americans)
  • The eighth of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Western Christianity)
  • Constitution Day (Italy)
  • Dissolution of Czechoslovakia-related observances:
    • Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic (Slovakia)
    • Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State (Czech Republic)
  • Emancipation Day (United States)
  • Euro Day (European Union)
  • Flag Day (Lithuania) commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919
  • Founding Day (Taiwan) commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing
  • Global Family Day
  • Independence Day (Brunei, Cameroon, Haiti, Sudan)
  • International Nepali Dhoti and Nepali Topi Day
  • Jump-up Day (Montserrat)
  • Kalpataru Day (Ramakrishna Movement)
  • Kamakura Ebisu, January 1–3 (Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan)
  • National Bloody Mary Day (United States)
  • National Tree Planting Day (Tanzania)
  • New Year's Day (Gregorian calendar)
    • Japanese New Year
    • Novy God Day (Russia)
    • Sjoogwachi (Okinawa Islands)
  • Polar Bear Swim Day (Canada and United States)
  • Public Domain Day (multiple countries)
  • Triumph of the Revolution (Cuba)

External links

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