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Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign.

The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards.[1]

The 74th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television in 2016, was broadcast live on January 8, 2017. Jimmy Fallon hosted the show.

HistoryEdit

In 1943, a group of writers banded together to form the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, and by creating a generously distributed award called the Golden Globe Award, they now play a significant role in film marketing.[2] The 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, was held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at various venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel, and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.[3]

In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as an international figure within the entertainment industry, the first award was presented to director and producer, Cecil B. DeMille. The official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award.[4]

In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced. In its inaugural year, two Miss Golden Globes were named, one for film and one for television. The two Miss Golden Globes named that year were Eva Six (of the films Operation Bikini and Beach Party) and Donna Douglas (of television's The Beverly Hillbillies), respectively.[5]

In 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned (but not for the first time in its history). The New York firm Society Awards collaborated for a year with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to produce a statuette that included a unique marble and enhanced the statuette’s quality and gold content. It was unveiled at a press conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show.[6]

Revenues generated from the annual ceremony have enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals. The most prominent beneficiary being the Young Artist Awards, presented annually by the Young Artist Foundation, established in 1978 by late Hollywood Foreign Press member, Maureen Dragone to recognize and award excellence of young Hollywood performers under the age of 21, and to provide scholarships for young artists who may be physically and/or financially challenged.[7][8][9]

CeremonyEdit

The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to 167 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars and the Grammy Awards. Until Ricky Gervais hosted the 67th annual Golden Globe Awards Ceremony in 2010, the award ceremony was one of two major Hollywood award ceremonies (the other being the Screen Actors Guild Awards) that did not have a regular host; every year a different presenter introduced the ceremony at the beginning of the broadcast. Gervais returned to host the 68th and 69th Golden Globe Awards the next two years.[10] Tina Fey and Amy Poehler hosted the 70th, 71st and 72nd Golden Globe Awards in 2015. The Golden Globe Awards' theme song, which debuted in 2012, was written by Japanese musician and songwriter Yoshiki Hayashi.Template:Citation needed

2008 disruptionEdit

On January 7, 2008, it was announced that due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, the 65th Golden Globe Awards would not be telecast live. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event and by actors threatening to boycott the ceremony rather than cross picket lines. The Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast.Template:Citation needed

NBC originally had exclusive broadcast rights to the ceremonies, but on January 11, HFPA President Jorge Camara announced there would be no restrictions placed on media outlets covering the January 13 press conference, announcing the winners at 6:00pm PST.[11] As a result, E!, CNN, the TV Guide Network and KNBC-TV, the network's Los Angeles owned-and-operated affiliate, aired the 31-minute event, emanating from the Grand Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton Hotel live, leaving NBC to fill the hour from 9:00–10:00pm ET with announcements, made after-the-fact by Access Hollywood hosts Billy Bush and Nancy O'Dell.[12] The remaining hours of programming, set aside for the ceremonies by the network, were filled with a special two-hour edition of Dateline, hosted by Matt Lauer, that included film clips, interviews with some of the nominees and commentary from comedian Kathy Griffin and the panelists from Football Night in America.Template:Citation needed

CategoriesEdit

Motion picture awardsEdit

Television awardsEdit

Awarded since 1956:

Retired awards:

SuperlativesEdit

In acting categories, Meryl Streep holds the record for the most competitive Golden Globe wins with eight. However, including honorary awards, such as the Henrietta Award, World Film Favorite Actor/Actress Award, or Cecil B. DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand leads with nine. Additionally, Streisand won for composing the song Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born), producing the Best Picture (Comedy/Musical) (A Star Is Born in the ceremony held in 1977), and directing Yentl in 1984. Jack Nicholson, Angela Lansbury, Alan Alda and Shirley MacLaine have six awards each. Behind them are Rosalind Russell and Jessica Lange with five wins. Meryl Streep also holds the record for most nominations with thirty (as of the 2016 nominations) and John Williams is second with twenty-five. At the 46th Golden Globe Awards an anomaly occurred: a three way-tie for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama (Sigourney Weaver for Gorillas in the Mist, Jodie Foster for The Accused, and Shirley MacLaine for Madame Sousatzka).

In the category Best Director, Elia Kazan leads with four wins, followed by Clint Eastwood, Oliver Stone, Miloš Forman, David Lean and Martin Scorsese with three wins each. Steven Spielberg holds the record for most nominations with eleven (as of the 2015 nominations). Francis Ford Coppola, Clint Eastwood and Steven Soderbergh are the only directors to receive two nominations in the same year.

Only four people have won two acting awards in the same year:

Other superlatives:

RecordsEdit

FilmEdit

Actors with two or more acting awardsEdit

Actor/Actress Leading Role Supporting Role Total awards Total nominations
Template:Sortname The French Lieutenant's Woman (D, 1981)
Sophie's Choice (D, 1982)
The Devil Wears Prada (C/M, 2006)
Julie & Julia (C/M, 2009)
The Iron Lady (D, 2011)
Kramer vs. Kramer (1979)
Adaptation. (2002)
7 28
Template:Sortname Chinatown (D, 1974)
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (D, 1975)
Prizzi's Honor (C/M, 1985)
As Good as It Gets (C/M, 1997)
About Schmidt (D, 2002)
Terms of Endearment (1983) 6 17
Template:Sortname Sister Kenny (1946)
Mourning Becomes Electra (1947)
Auntie Mame (C/M, 1958)
A Majority of One (C/M, 1961)
Gypsy (C/M, 1962)
5 5
Template:Sortname The Apartment (C/M, 1960)
Irma la Douce (C/M, 1963)
Terms of Endearment (D, 1983)
Madame Sousatzka (D, 1988)
4 15
Template:Sortname Big (C/M, 1988)
Philadelphia (D, 1993)
Forrest Gump (D, 1994)
Cast Away (D, 2000)
4 8
Template:Sortname Some Like It Hot (C/M, 1959)
The Apartment (C/M, 1960)
Avanti! (C/M, 1972)
3 16
Template:Sortname The Aviator (D, 2004)
The Wolf of Wall Street (C/M, 2013)
The Revenant (D, 2015)
3 11
Template:Sortname Kramer vs. Kramer (D, 1979)
Tootsie (C/M, 1982)
Rain Man (D, 1988)
3 11
Template:Sortname Klute (D, 1971)
Julia (D, 1977)
Coming Home (D, 1978)
3 10
Template:Sortname To Die For (C/M, 1995)
Moulin Rouge! (C/M, 2001)
The Hours (D, 2002)
3 10
Template:Sortname Revolutionary Road (D, 2008) The Reader (2008)
Steve Jobs (2015)
3 10
Template:Sortname Mary Poppins (C/M, 1964)
The Sound of Music (C/M, 1965)
Victor/Victoria (C/M, 1982)
3 9
Template:Sortname Elizabeth (D, 1998)
Blue Jasmine (D, 2013)
I'm Not There (2007) 3 9
Template:Sortname The French Connection (D, 1971)
The Royal Tenenbaums (C/M, 2001)
Unforgiven (1992) 3 8
Template:Sortname Becket (D, 1964)
The Lion in Winter (D, 1968)
Goodbye, Mr. Chips (C/M, 1969)
3 8
Template:Sortname Pretty Woman (C/M, 1990)
Erin Brockovich (D, 2000)
Steel Magnolias (1989) 3 8
Template:Sortname Good Morning, Vietnam (C/M, 1987)
The Fisher King (C/M, 1991)
Mrs. Doubtfire (C/M, 1993)
3 8
Template:Sortname Gaslight (1944)
The Bells of St. Mary's (1945)
Anastasia (D, 1956)
3 7
Template:Sortname Born on the Fourth of July (D, 1989)
Jerry Maguire (C/M, 1996)
Magnolia (1999) 3 7
Template:Sortname Coal Miner's Daughter (C/M, 1980)
Crimes of the Heart (C/M, 1986)
In the Bedroom (D, 2001)
3 6
Template:Sortname Nurse Betty (C/M, 2000)
Chicago (C/M, 2002)
Cold Mountain (2003) 3 6
Template:Sortname O Brother, Where Art Thou? (C/M, 2000)
The Descendants (D, 2011)
Syriana (2005) 3 5
Template:Sortname Silver Linings Playbook (C/M, 2012)
Joy (C/M, 2015)
American Hustle (2013) 3 4
Template:Sortname Serpico (D, 1973)
Scent of a Woman (D, 1992)
2 14
Template:Sortname Educating Rita (C/M, 1983)
Little Voice (C/M, 1998)
2 9
Template:Sortname Funny Girl (C/M, 1968)
A Star Is Born (C/M, 1976)
2 9
Template:Sortname The Pumpkin Eater (D, 1964)
The Graduate (C/M, 1967)
2 8
Template:Sortname Norma Rae (D, 1979)
Places in the Heart (D, 1984)
2 8
Template:Sortname Annie Hall (C/M, 1977)
Something's Gotta Give (C/M, 2003)
2 8
Template:Sortname Summer and Smoke (D, 1961)
Sweet Bird of Youth (D, 1962)
2 8
Template:Sortname California Suite (C/M, 1978) A Room with a View (1985) 2 8
Template:Sortname The Hurricane (D, 1999) Glory (1989) 2 8
Template:Sortname American Hustle (C/M, 2013)
Big Eyes (C/M, 2014)
2 7
Template:Sortname Being Julia (C/M, 2004)
The Kids Are All Right (C/M, 2010)
2 7
Template:Sortname There Will Be Blood (D, 2007)
Lincoln (D, 2012)
2 7
Template:Sortname The Accused (D, 1988)
The Silence of the Lambs (D, 1991)
2 7
Template:Sortname Coming Home (D, 1978)
Runaway Train (D, 1985)
2 7
Template:Sortname On the Waterfront (D, 1954)
The Godfather (D, 1972)
2 6
Template:Sortname The Truman Show (D, 1998)
Man on the Moon (C/M, 1999)
2 6
Template:Sortname Blue Sky (D, 1994) Tootsie (1982) 2 6
Template:Sortname The Three Faces of Eve (D, 1957)
Rachel, Rachel (D, 1968)
2 6
Template:Sortname Three Little Words (C/M, 1950) The Towering Inferno (1974) 2 5
Template:Sortname The Rose (C/M, 1979)
For the Boys (C/M, 1991)
2 5
Template:Sortname Hamlet (1948) Marathon Man (1976) 2 5
Template:Sortname The Yearling (1946)
To Kill a Mockingbird (D, 1962)
2 5
Template:Sortname Gorillas in the Mist (D, 1988) Working Girl (1988) 2 5
Template:Sortname Tommy (C/M, 1975) Carnal Knowledge (1971) 2 4
Template:Sortname Moonstruck (C/M, 1987) Silkwood (1983) 2 4
Template:Sortname Tender Mercies (D, 1983) Apocalypse Now (1979) 2 4
Template:Sortname On the Riviera (C/M, 1951)
Me and the Colonel (C/M, 1958)
2 4
Template:Sortname The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945)
The Manchurian Candidate (1962)
2 4
Template:Sortname Cinderella Liberty (D, 1973)
The Goodbye Girl (C/M, 1977)
2 4
Template:Sortname Arthur (C/M, 1981)
Micki & Maude (C/M, 1984)
2 4
Template:Sortname Black Swan (D, 2010) Closer (2004) 2 4
Template:Sortname Romancing the Stone (C/M, 1984)
Prizzi's Honor (C/M, 1985)
2 4
Template:Sortname Five Easy Pieces (1970)
The Great Gatsby (1974)
2 3
Template:Sortname The Color Purple (D, 1985) Ghost (1990) 2 3
Template:Sortname Inside Daisy Clover (1965)
Rosemary's Baby (1968)
2 3
Template:Sortname The Moon Is Blue (C/M, 1953)
Separate Tables (D, 1958)
2 3
Template:Sortname The Player (C/M, 1992) Mystic River (2003) 2 3
Template:Sortname Pal Joey (C/M, 1957) From Here to Eternity (1953) 2 3
Template:Sortname Inglourious Basterds (2009)
Django Unchained (2012)
2 3
Template:Sortname The Sand Pebbles (1966)
Doctor Dolittle (1967)
2 2
Template:Sortname Miracle on 34th Street (1947)
Mister 880 (1950)
2 2
Template:Sortname With a Song in My Heart (C/M, 1952)
I Want to Live! (D, 1958)
2 2
Template:Sortname The Country Girl (D, 1954) Mogambo (1953) 2 2
Template:Sortname Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988)
Ed Wood (1994)
2 2
Template:Sortname Mrs. Parkington (1944)
Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964)
2 2
Template:Sortname The Barefoot Contessa (1954)
Seven Days in May (1964)
2 2
Template:Sortname Georgy Girl (C/M, 1966) Gods and Monsters (1998) 2 2
Template:Sortname Doctor Zhivago (D, 1965) Lawrence of Arabia (1962) 2 2
Template:Sortname Boys Don't Cry (D, 1999)
Million Dollar Baby (D, 2004)
2 2
Template:Sortname Johnny Belinda (1948)
The Blue Veil (D, 1951)
2 2

Actors with five or more acting nominationsEdit

Actor/Actress Total nominations Total awards
Template:Sortname 28 7
Template:Sortname 17 6
Template:Sortname 16 3
Template:Sortname 15 4
Template:Sortname 14 2
Template:Sortname 11 3
Template:Sortname 11 3
Template:Sortname 10 3
Template:Sortname 10 3
Template:Sortname 10 3
Template:Sortname 10 1
Template:Sortname 9 3
Template:Sortname 9 3
Template:Sortname 9 2
Template:Sortname 9 2
Template:Sortname 9 1
Template:Sortname 9 0
Template:Sortname 8 4
Template:Sortname 8 3
Template:Sortname 8 3
Template:Sortname 8 3
Template:Sortname 8 3
Template:Sortname 8 2
Template:Sortname 8 2
Template:Sortname 8 2
Template:Sortname 8 2
Template:Sortname 8 2
Template:Sortname 8 2
Template:Sortname 8 1
Template:Sortname 8 1
Template:Sortname 8 1
Template:Sortname 8 1
Template:Sortname 8 1
Template:Sortname 8 1
Template:Sortname 7 3
Template:Sortname 7 3
Template:Sortname 7 2
Template:Sortname 7 2
Template:Sortname 7 2
Template:Sortname 7 2
Template:Sortname 7 2
Template:Sortname 7 1
Template:Sortname 7 1
Template:Sortname 7 1
Template:Sortname 7 1
Template:Sortname 7 0
Template:Sortname 7 0
Template:Sortname 6 3
Template:Sortname 6 3
Template:Sortname 6 2
Template:Sortname 6 2
Template:Sortname 6 2
Template:Sortname 6 2
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 6 1
Template:Sortname 5 5
Template:Sortname 5 3
Template:Sortname 5 2
Template:Sortname 5 2
Template:Sortname 5 2
Template:Sortname 5 2
Template:Sortname 5 2
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 1
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0
Template:Sortname 5 0

CriticismEdit

1968–1974 NBC broadcast banEdit

The HFPA has had a lucrative contract with NBC for decades,[15] which began broadcasting the award ceremony locally in Los Angeles in 1958, then nationally in 1964. However, in 1968, the Federal Communications Commission claimed the show “misled the public as to how the winners were determined” (allegations included that winners were determined by lobby; to motivate winners to show up to the awards ceremony winners were informed if they did not attend another winner would be named). The FCC admonished NBC for participating in the scandal. Subsequently, NBC refused to broadcast the ceremony from 1968 until after 1974.[16][17]

Pia Zadora awarded “New Star of the Year in a Motion Picture” in 1982Edit

In 1982, Pia Zadora won a Golden Globe in the category "New Star of the Year in a Motion Picture – Female" for her performance in Butterfly, over such competition as Elizabeth McGovern (Ragtime) and Kathleen Turner (Body Heat).[18] Accusations were made that the Foreign Press Association members had been bought off.[19] Zadora's husband, multimillionaire Meshulam Riklis, flew voting members to his casino, the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegas, which gave the appearance that they voted for Zadora to repay this. Riklis also invited voting members to his house for a lavish lunch and a showing of the film. He also spent a great deal on advertising.[20] Furthermore, Zadora had made her film debut some 17 years earlier as a child performer in Santa Claus Conquers the Martians.[21]

The Tourist for Best Musical/Comedy nominations in 2011Edit

The nominations for the 2011 Globes drew initial skepticism, as the Hollywood Foreign Press Association nominated The Tourist in its Best Musical/Comedy category, although it was originally advertised as a spy thriller, and also one of the most panned films of the season with host Ricky Gervais even joking to main star of the film Johnny Depp if he had seen the movie. Rumors then surfaced that Sony, the distributor of The Tourist, had influenced Globes voters with an all-expenses-paid trip to Las Vegas, culminating in a concert by Cher.[22]

OtherEdit

Actor and filmmaker Gary Oldman is a longtime detractor of the Golden Globes.[23][24][25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

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Template:Golden Globe Awards Chron Template:CinemaoftheUS Template:Television in the United States


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