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2021

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  2021 (Sunday)
  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Thursday)
  2018 (Wednesday)
  2017 (Tuesday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Saturday)
  2014 (Friday)
  2013 (Thursday)
  2012 (Tuesday)

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Events

  • 457Leo I the Thracian becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1074Pandulf IV of Benevento is killed battling the invading Normans at the Battle of Montesarchio.
  • 1301 – Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales.
  • 1497 – The Bonfire of the Vanities occurs, during which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.
  • 1783American Revolutionary War: French and Spanish forces lift the Great Siege of Gibraltar.
  • 1795 – The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
  • 1807Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon finds Bennigsen's Russian forces taking a stand at Eylau. After bitter fighting, the French take the town, but the Russians resume the battle the next day.
  • 1812 – The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri.
  • 1813 – In the action of 7 February 1813 near the Îles de Los, the frigates Aréthuse and Amelia batter each other, but neither can gain the upper hand.
  • 1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles leaves Singapore after just taking it over, leaving it in the hands of William Farquhar.
  • 1842Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
  • 1854 – A law is approved to found the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Lectures started October 16, 1855.
  • 1863Template:HMS sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • 1894 – The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • 1898Dreyfus affair: Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J'accuse.
  • 1900Second Boer War: British troops fail in their third attempt to lift the Siege of Ladysmith.
  • 1904 – A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
  • 1907 – The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
  • 1940 – The second full-length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premieres.
  • 1943World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.
  • 1951Korean War: More than 700 suspected communist sympathizers are butchered by South Korean forces.
  • 1962 – The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.
  • 1974Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979Pluto moves inside Neptune's orbit for the first time since either was discovered.
  • 1984Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission: Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).
  • 1986 – Twenty-eight years of one-family rule end in Haiti, when President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees the Caribbean nation.
  • 1990Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power.
  • 1991Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.
  • 1991 – The Troubles: The Provisional IRA launched a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street in London, the headquarters of the British government.
  • 1992 – The Maastricht Treaty is signed, leading to the creation of the European Union.
  • 1995Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • 1997NeXT merges with Apple Computer, starting the path to Mac OS X.
  • 1999Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein.
  • 2009Bushfires in Victoria leave 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.
  • 2012 – President Mohamed Nasheed of the Republic of Maldives resigns, after 23 days of anti-governmental protests calling for the release of Chief Judge unlawfully arrested by the military.
  • 2013 – The U.S. state of Mississippi officially certifies the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was formally ratified by Mississippi in 1995.
  • 2016 – North Korea launches Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4 into outer space.

Births

  • 574Prince Shōtoku of Japan (d. 622)
  • 1102Empress Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England (d. 1167)
  • 1478Thomas More, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (d. 1535)
  • 1612Thomas Killigrew, English playwright and manager (d. 1683)
  • 1726Margaret Fownes-Luttrell, English painter (d. 1766)
  • 1741Henry Fuseli, Swiss-English painter and academic (d. 1825)
  • 1758Benedikt Schack, Czech tenor and composer (d. 1826)
  • 1768Antoine-Athanase Royer-Collard, French physician (d. 1825)
  • 1804John Deere, American blacksmith and businessman, founded Deere & Company (d. 1886)
  • 1812Charles Dickens, English Novelist and critic (d. 1870)
  • 1825Karl Möbius, German zoologist and ecologist (d. 1908)
  • 1837James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (d. 1915)
  • 1842Alexandre Ribot, French academic and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1923)
  • 1867Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (d. 1957)
  • 1870Alfred Adler, Austrian-Scottish psychologist and therapist (d. 1937)
  • 1871Wilhelm Stenhammar, Swedish pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1927)
  • 1873Thomas Andrews, Irish shipbuilder and businessman, designed the RMS Titanic (d. 1912)
  • 1877G. H. Hardy, English mathematician and geneticist (d. 1947)
  • 1878Ossip Gabrilowitsch, Russian-American pianist and conductor (d. 1936)
  • 1885Sinclair Lewis, American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (d. 1953)
  • 1887Eubie Blake, American pianist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1889Harry Nyquist, Swedish-American engineer and theorist (d. 1976)
  • 1893Joseph Algernon Pearce, Canadian astrophysicist and astronomer (d. 1988)
  • 1895Anita Stewart, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898Dock Boggs, American folk singer-songwriter and banjo player (d. 1971)
  • 1901Arnold Nordmeyer, New Zealand minister and politician, 30th New Zealand Minister of Finance (d. 1989)
  • 1905Paul Nizan, French philosopher and author (d. 1940)
  • 1905 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1906Puyi, Chinese emperor (d. 1967)
  • 1906 – Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov, Russian engineer, founded the Antonov Aircraft Company (d. 1984)
  • 1908Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (d. 1983)
  • 1908 – Manmath Nath Gupta, Indian journalist and author (d. 2000)
  • 1909Hélder Câmara, Brazilian archbishop (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Amedeo Guillet, Italian soldier (d. 2010)
  • 1912Russell Drysdale, English-Australian painter (d. 1981)
  • 1915Teoctist Arăpașu, Romanian patriarch (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Eddie Bracken, American actor and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1916Frank Hyde, Australian rugby player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1919Jock Mahoney, American actor and stuntman (d. 1989)
  • 1919Desmond Doss, American army corporal and combat medic, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2006)
  • 1920Oscar Brand, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and author (d. 2016)
  • 1920 – An Wang, Chinese-American engineer and businessman, founded Wang Laboratories (d. 1990)
  • 1921Athol Rowan, South African cricketer (d. 1998)
  • 1922Hattie Jacques, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1923Dora Bryan, English actress and restaurateur (d. 2014)
  • 1925Hans Schmidt, Canadian wrestler (d. 2012)
  • 1926Konstantin Feoktistov, Russian engineer and astronaut (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Bill Hoest, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
  • 1927Juliette Gréco, French singer and actress
  • 1927 – Vladimir Kuts, Ukrainian-Russian runner and coach (d. 1975)
  • 1928Lincoln D. Faurer, American general (d. 2014)
  • 1932Gay Talese, American journalist and memoirist
  • 1932 – Alfred Worden, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1933K. N. Choksy, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, Sri Lankan Minister of Finance (d. 2015)
  • 1934Eddie Fenech Adami, Maltese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Malta
  • 1934 – King Curtis, American saxophonist and producer (d. 1971)
  • 1934 – Earl King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1935Herb Kohl, American businessman and politician
  • 1935 – Jörg Schneider, Swiss actor and author (d. 2015)
  • 1936Jas Gawronski, Italian journalist and politician
  • 1937Peter Jay, English economist, journalist, and diplomat, British Ambassador to the United States
  • 1937 – Juan Pizarro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1940Tony Tan, Singaporean academic and politician, 7th President of Singapore
  • 1941Kevin Crossley-Holland, English author and poet
  • 1943Eric Foner, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1943 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1945Gerald Davies, Welsh rugby player and journalist
  • 1946Héctor Babenco, Argentinian-Brazilian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1946 – Sammy Johns, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Pete Postlethwaite, English actor (d. 2011)
  • 1946 – Gérard Jean-Juste, Haitian priest and activist (d. 2009)
  • 1948Jimmy Greenspoon, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 2015)
  • 1949Jacques Duchesneau, Canadian police officer and politician
  • 1949 – Joe English, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1949 – Alan Lancaster, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1950Karen Joy Fowler, American author
  • 1953Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player and poet (d. 1998)
  • 1954Dieter Bohlen German singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1955Rolf Benirschke, American football player and game show host
  • 1955 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor and director (d. 2017)
  • 1956Mark St. John, American guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1957Carney Lansford, American baseball player and coach
  • 1958Giuseppe Baresi, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Terry Marsh, English boxer and politician
  • 1958 – Matt Ridley, English journalist, author, and politician
  • 1959Mick McCarthy, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1960Robert Smigel, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – James Spader, American actor and producer
  • 1962Garth Brooks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – David Bryan, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1962 – Eddie Izzard, English comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1963Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper, American Naval officer and astronaut
  • 1964Ashok Banker, Indian journalist, author, and screenwriter
  • 1965Chris Rock, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Kristin Otto, German swimmer
  • 1968Peter Bondra, Ukrainian-Slovak ice hockey player and manager
  • 1968 – Sully Erna, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Mark Tewksbury, Canadian swimmer and sportscaster
  • 1971Anita Tsoy, Russian singer-songwriter
  • 1972Robyn Lively, American actress
  • 1973Juwan Howard, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974J Dilla, American rapper and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Nujabes, Japanese record producer, DJ, composer and arranger (d. 2010)
  • 1974 – Danny Goffey, English singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1974 – Steve Nash, South African-Canadian basketball player
  • 1975Wes Borland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Alexandre Daigle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Rémi Gaillard, French comedian and actor
  • 1976Chito Miranda, Filipino singer-songwriter
  • 1977Tsuneyasu Miyamoto, Japanese footballer
  • 1978David Aebischer, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Endy Chávez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Ashton Kutcher, American model, actor, producer, and entrepreneur
  • 1978 – Daniel Van Buyten, Belgian footballer
  • 1979Daniel Bierofka, German footballer and coach
  • 1979 – Tawakkol Karman, Yemeni journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1981Darcy Dolce Neto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Lee Ok-sung, South Korean boxer
  • 1982Osamu Mukai, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Mickaël Piétrus, French basketball player
  • 1983Sho Kamogawa, Japanese footballer
  • 1983 – Christian Klien, Austrian race car driver
  • 1983 – Federico Marchetti, Italian footballer
  • 1984Trey Hardee, American decathlete
  • 1985Tina Majorino, American actress
  • 1985 – Devis Nossa, Italian footballer
  • 1988Albin Hodža, French footballer
  • 1988 – Ai Kago, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1988 – Matthew Stafford, American football player
  • 1989Nick Calathes, Greek basketball player
  • 1989 – Jake Granville, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Elia Viviani, Italian cyclist
  • 1989 – Isaiah Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1990Neil Etheridge, English-Filipino footballer
  • 1990 – Steven Stamkos, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991Ryan O'Reilly, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Zhou Yimiao, Chinese tennis player
  • 1992Sergi Roberto, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Maimi Yajima, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1993Diego Laxalt, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1993 – Chris Mears, English diver and musician
  • 1995Roberto Osuna, Mexican baseball player
  • 1997Anhelina Kalinina, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1999Bea Miller, American singer-songwriter and actress

Deaths

  • 318Jin Mindi, emperor of the Jin Dynasty (b. 300)
  • 590Pope Pelagius II (b. 520)
  • 812Li Ning, Chinese prince (b. 793)
  • 999Boleslaus II the Pious, Duke of Bohemia (b. 932)
  • 1045Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)
  • 1165 – Marshal Stephen of Armenia
  • 1259Thomas, Count of Flanders
  • 1317Robert, Count of Clermont (b. 1256)
  • 1320Jan Muskata, Bishop of Kraków (b. 1250)
  • 1333Nikko, Japanese priest, founder of Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism (b. 1246)
  • 1626William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • 1642William Bedell, English bishop and academic (b. 1571)
  • 1693Paul Pellisson, French lawyer and author (b. 1624)
  • 1736Stephen Gray, English astronomer and physicist (b. 1666)
  • 1779William Boyce, English organist and composer (b. 1711)
  • 1799Qianlong Emperor of China (b. 1711)
  • 1801Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish-German painter and academic (b. 1726)
  • 1819August Wilhelm Hupel, German-Estonian linguist and author (b. 1737)
  • 1823Ann Radcliffe, English author (b. 1764)
  • 1837Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (b. 1778)
  • 1862Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo, Spanish playwright and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1787)
  • 1864Vuk Karadžić, Serbian philologist and linguist (b. 1787)
  • 1871Henry E. Steinway, German-American businessman, founded Steinway & Sons (b. 1797)
  • 1873Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish author (b. 1814)
  • 1878Pope Pius IX (b. 1792)
  • 1897Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and engineer (b. 1847)
  • 1919William Halford, English-American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)
  • 1920Alexander Kolchak, Russian admiral and explorer (b. 1874)
  • 1920 – Charles Langelier, Canadian journalist, judge, and politician (b. 1850)
  • 1921John J. Gardner, American politician (b. 1845)
  • 1937Elihu Root, American lawyer and politician, 38th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1938Harvey Samuel Firestone, American businessman, founded the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (b. 1868)
  • 1939Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter and illustrator (b. 1886)
  • 1942Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator and stage designer (b. 1876)
  • 1944Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano and actress (b. 1874)
  • 1959Nap Lajoie, American baseball player and manager (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Daniel François Malan, South African minister and politician, 5th Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Guitar Slim, American singer and guitarist (b. 1926)
  • 1960Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1903)
  • 1963Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist and manager (b. 1902)
  • 1964Sofoklis Venizelos, Greek captain and politician, 133rd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1894)
  • 1968Nick Adams, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 1972Walter Lang, American director and screenwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1979Josef Mengele, German SS officer and physician (b. 1911)
  • 1986Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegalese historian, anthropologist, and physicist (b. 1923)
  • 1990Alan Perlis, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 1990 – Alfredo M. Santos, Filipino general (b. 1905)
  • 1991Amos Yarkoni, Israeli colonel (b. 1920)
  • 1994Witold Lutosławski, Polish composer and conductor (b. 1913)
  • 1996Phillip Davidson, American general (b. 1915)
  • 1999King Hussein of Jordan (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Bobby Troup, American actor, pianist, and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2000Doug Henning, Canadian magician and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2001Dale Evans, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (b. 1906)
  • 2003Augusto Monterroso, Guatemalan author (b. 1921)
  • 2005Atli Dam, Faroese engineer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (b. 1932)
  • 2006Princess Durru Shehvar of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1914)
  • 2009Blossom Dearie, American singer and pianist (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Reg Evans, Australian actor (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Brian Naylor, Australian journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2010Franco Ballerini, Italian cyclist and coach (b. 1964)
  • 2012Harry Keough, American soccer player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 2013Krsto Papić, Croatian director and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2014Doug Mohns, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1933)
  • 2015Billy Casper, American golfer and architect (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Marshall Rosenberg, American psychologist and author (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Dean Smith, American basketball player and coach (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – John C. Whitehead, American banker and politician, 9th United States Deputy Secretary of State (b. 1922)
  • 2016Konstantinos Despotopoulos, Greek philosopher and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2017Richard Hatch, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Hans Rosling, Swedish academic (b. 1948)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Richard the Pilgrim
    • Blessed Eugénie Smet
    • Blessed Pope Pius IX
    • Chrysolius
    • Egidio Maria of Saint Joseph
    • Colette of Corbie
    • February 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Orthodox Church Typically observed on the Sunday closest to January 25 (O.S.)/February 7 (N.S.)
  • Independence Day (Grenada), celebrates the independence of Grenada from the United Kingdom in 1974.

External links

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