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  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Sunday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Tuesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)
  2012 (Thursday)

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Events

  • 1249Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1270Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse.
  • 1630 – Dutch forces led by Hendrick Lonck capture Olinda in what was to become part of Dutch Brazil.
  • 1646Battle of Torrington, Devon: The last major battle of the first English Civil War.
  • 1699 – First Leopoldine Diploma is issued by the Holy Roman Emperor, recognizing the Greek Catholic clergy enjoyed the same privileges as Roman Catholic priests in the Principality of Transylvania.
  • 1742Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.[1]
  • 1796Colombo in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) falls to the British, completing their invasion of Ceylon.[2]
  • 1804First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate Template:Ship.
  • 1862American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
  • 1866Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes British Secretary of State for War.
  • 1881 – The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1).
  • 1899Iceland's first football club, Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, is founded.[3]
  • 1918 – The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.[4]
  • 1923Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.[5]
  • 1930 – The Romanian Football Federation joins FIFA.
  • 1934 – The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republikanischer Schutzbund.
  • 1936 – The Popular Front wins the 1936 Spanish general election.
  • 1937Wallace H. Carothers receives a United States patent for nylon.[6]
  • 1940 – World War II: Altmark incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer Template:HMS. 299 British prisoners are freed.
  • 1943 – World War II: In the early phases of the Third Battle of Kharkov, Red Army troops re-enter the city.
  • 1945 – World War II: American forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines.
  • 1959Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
  • 1960 – The U.S. Navy submarine Template:Ship begins Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
  • 1961Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.
  • 1962Flooding in the coastal areas of West Germany kills 315 and destroys the homes of about 60,000 people.
  • 1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
  • 1978 – The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago).
  • 1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75.
  • 1985Hezbollah is founded.
  • 1986 – The Soviet liner Template:MS runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.
  • 1986 – China Airlines Flight 2265 crashes into the Pacific Ocean near Penghu Airport in Taiwan, killing all 13 aboard.[7]
  • 1991Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.
  • 1996 – A Chicago-bound Amtrak train, the Capitol Limited, collides with a MARC commuter train bound for Washington, D.C., killing 11 people.
  • 1998China Airlines Flight 676 crashes into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard and seven more on the ground.
  • 2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
  • 2005 – The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004–05 regular season and playoffs.
  • 2006 – The last Mobile army surgical hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
  • 2013 – A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town, Quetta, Pakistan kills more than 80 people and injures 190 others.

Births

  • 1222Nichiren, founder of Nichiren Buddhism (d. 1282)[8]
  • 1304Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür, Chinese emperor (d. 1332)
  • 1331Coluccio Salutati, Italian political leader (d. 1406)[9]
  • 1419John I, Duke of Cleves (d. 1481)
  • 1470Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1540)[10]
  • 1471Krishnadevaraya, emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire (d. 1529)
  • 1497Philip Melanchthon, German astronomer, theologian, and academic (d. 1560)[11]
  • 1514Georg Joachim Rheticus, Austrian cartographer and instrument maker (d. 1574)[12]
  • 1519Gaspard II de Coligny, French admiral (d. 1572)
  • 1543Kanō Eitoku, Japanese painter and educator (d. 1590)
  • 1620Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1688)
  • 1643John Sharp, English archbishop (d. 1714)
  • 1698Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (d. 1758)
  • 1727Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian botanist, chemist, and mycologist (d. 1817)
  • 1740Giambattista Bodoni, Italian publisher and engraver (d. 1813)
  • 1761Jean-Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)[13]
  • 1774Pierre Rode, French violinist and composer (d. 1830)
  • 1786Maria Pavlovna, Russian Grand Duchess (d. 1859)
  • 1802Phineas Quimby, American mystic and philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist and zoologist (d. 1885)
  • 1812Henry Wilson, American colonel and politician, 18th Vice President of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1821Heinrich Barth, German explorer and scholar (d. 1865)[14]
  • 1822Francis Galton, English biologist and statistician (d. 1911)
  • 1824Peter Kosler, Slovenian lawyer, geographer, and cartographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet and author (d. 1886)
  • 1830Lars Hertervig, Norwegian painter (d. 1902)
  • 1831Nikolai Leskov, Russian author, playwright, and journalist (d. 1895)
  • 1834Ernst Haeckel, German biologist, physician, and philosopher (d. 1919)
  • 1838Henry Adams, American journalist, historian, and author (d. 1918)
  • 1841Armand Guillaumin, French painter (d. 1927)
  • 1843Henry M. Leland, American engineer and businessman, founded Cadillac and Lincoln (d. 1932)
  • 1845George Kennan, American journalist and explorer (d. 1924)
  • 1848Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist, geneticist, and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1848 – Octave Mirbeau, French journalist, novelist, and playwright (d. 1917)
  • 1856Ossian Everett Mills, American academic, founded Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia (d. 1920)
  • 1866Billy Hamilton, American baseball player and manager (d. 1940)
  • 1868Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (d. 1952)
  • 1873Radoje Domanović, Serbian journalist and author (d. 1908)
  • 1876G. M. Trevelyan, English historian and academic (d. 1962)
  • 1878Pamela Colman Smith, English occultist and illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – James Colosimo, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1920)
  • 1884Robert J. Flaherty, German-Irish American director and producer (d. 1951)
  • 1886Andy Ducat, English international footballer (forward and manager) and Cricketer (d. 1942)[15]
  • 1887Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1891Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1893Katharine Cornell, American actress and producer (d. 1974)
  • 1896Eugénie Blanchard, French super-centenarian (d. 2010)
  • 1901Wayne King, American singer-songwriter and conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Chester Morris, American actor (d. 1970)[16]
  • 1902Cyril Vincent, South African cricketer (d. 1968)
  • 1903Edgar Bergen, Swedish-American ventriloquist and actor (d. 1978)
  • 1904James Baskett, African-American actor and singer (d. 1948)
  • 1904 – George F. Kennan, Scotch-Irish American historian and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union (d. 2005)
  • 1905Henrietta Barnett, British Women's Royal Air Force officer (d. 1985)[17]
  • 1906Vera Menchik, British-Czechoslovak-Russian chess player (d. 1944)
  • 1909Hugh Beaumont, American actor and director (d. 1982)[18]
  • 1909 – Richard McDonald, Irish-American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (d. 1998)
  • 1914Jimmy Wakely, American country music singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916Bill Doggett, African-American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1919Georges Ulmer, Danish-French actor and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1920Anna Mae Hays, American general (d. 2018)
  • 1921Vera-Ellen, German-American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1981)
  • 1921 – Jean Behra, French race car driver (d. 1959)
  • 1921 – John Galbraith Graham, English priest and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1922Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, German soldier and pilot (d. 1950)
  • 1923Samuel Willenberg, Polish-Israeli sculptor and painter (d. 2016)
  • 1926Margot Frank, German-Dutch holocaust victim (d. 1945)
  • 1926 – John Schlesinger, English actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1927June Brown, English actress
  • 1929Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer and architect (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Peter Porter, Australian-English poet and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1931Otis Blackwell, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Ken Takakura, Japanese actor and singer (d. 2014)
  • 1932Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, Sierra Leonean economist, lawyer, and politician, 3rd President of Sierra Leone (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2007)
  • 1934August Coppola, American author and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Marlene Hagge, American golfer
  • 1935Brian Bedford, English-American actor and director (d. 2016)
  • 1935 – Sonny Bono, American actor, singer, and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Stephen Gaskin, American activist, co-founded The Farm (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Bradford Parkinson, American colonel and engineer
  • 1935 – Kenneth Price, American painter and sculptor (d. 2012)
  • 1937Paul Bailey, British novelist, critic, and biographer
  • 1937 – Yuri Manin, Russian-German mathematician and academic
  • 1938John Corigliano, American composer and academic
  • 1939Adolfo Azcuna, Filipino lawyer and judge
  • 1940Hannelore Schmatz, German mountaineer (d. 1979)
  • 1941Kim Jong-il, North Korean commander and politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea (d. 2011)
  • 1942Richard Williams, American tennis player and coach
  • 1944Glyn Davies, Welsh farmer and politician
  • 1944 – Richard Ford, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1944 – Sigiswald Kuijken, Belgian violinist, violist, and conductor
  • 1944 – António Mascarenhas Monteiro, Cape Verdean politician, 2nd President of Cape Verde (d. 2016)
  • 1947Jaroslav Kubera, Czech politician (d. 2020)[19]
  • 1948Kaiketsu Masateru, Japanese sumo wrestler and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1949Bob O'Reilly, Australian rugby league player
  • 1950Peter Hain, Kenyan-Welsh politician, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1951Barry Foote, American baseball player and coach
  • 1952William Katt, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Peter Kitchen, English footballer, striker[20]
  • 1952 – James Ingram, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2019)
  • 1953John Bradbury, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1953 – Lanny McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1953 – Roberta Williams, American video game designer, co-founded Sierra Entertainment
  • 1954Iain Banks, Scottish author and playwright (d. 2013)[21]
  • 1954 – Margaux Hemingway, American model and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Michael Holding, Jamaican cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1956Vincent Ward, New Zealand director and screenwriter
  • 1957LeVar Burton, German-born American actor, director, and producer
  • 1958Natalie Angier, American author
  • 1958 – Ice-T, American rapper and actor
  • 1958 – Oscar Schmidt, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1958 – Herb Williams, American basketball player and coach
  • 1959John McEnroe, German-American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Kelly Tripucka, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1960Pete Willis, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1961Des Hasler, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1961 – Liu Kang, Chinese footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1961 – Andy Taylor, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1962John Balance, English singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1964Bebeto, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Christopher Eccleston, English actor
  • 1965Dave Lombardo, Cuban-American drummer
  • 1967Keith Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968Warren Ellis, English author and screenwriter
  • 1970Angelo Peruzzi, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1971Michael Avenatti, American attorney and pundit[22]
  • 1971 – Craig Laundy, Australian politician
  • 1972Zoran Čampara, Bosnian football player
  • 1972 – Sarah Clarke, American actress
  • 1972 – Naomi Nishida, Japanese actress
  • 1972 – Darrell Trindall, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973Cathy Freeman, Australian sprinter
  • 1974Mahershala Ali, American actor
  • 1974 – José Dominguez, Portuguese international footballer, winger and manager[23]
  • 1976Eric Byrnes, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Kyo, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1977Ian Clarke, Irish-American computer scientist, founded Freenet
  • 1977 – Ahman Green, American football player
  • 1978Tia Hellebaut, Belgian high jumper and chemist
  • 1978 – Wasim Jaffer, Indian cricketer
  • 1978 – John Tartaglia, American actor, singer, and puppeteer
  • 1979Stéphane Dalmat, French footballer, midfielder[24]
  • 1979 – Eric Mun, American-South Korean singer and actor
  • 1979 – Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1980Longineu W. Parsons III, French-American drummer
  • 1981Jay Howard, English race car driver
  • 1981 – Jerry Owens, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Qyntel Woods, American basketball player
  • 1982Aleksandr Dmitrijev, Estonian footballer
  • 1982 – Rickie Lambert, English footballer
  • 1982 – Lupe Fiasco, American rapper
  • 1983Agyness Deyn, English model, actress, and singer
  • 1984Sofia Arvidsson, Swedish tennis player
  • 1984 – Oussama Mellouli, Tunisian swimmer[25]
  • 1985Simon Francis, English footballer[26]
  • 1985 – Stacy Lewis, American golfer[27]
  • 1985 – Ron Vlaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1986Diego Godín, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1987Luc Bourdon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
  • 1987 – Theresa Goh, Singaporean swimmer
  • 1987 – Hasheem Thabeet, Tanzanian basketball player
  • 1988Diego Capel, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Zhang Jike, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1988 – Denílson Pereira Neves, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Andrea Ranocchia, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Kim Soo-hyun, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1989Elizabeth Olsen, American actress
  • 1990Dunamis Lui, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1990 – The Weeknd, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1991Sergio Canales, Spanish footballer
  • 1992Nicolai Boilesen, Danish footballer
  • 1992 – Zsófia Susányi, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1994Annika Beck, German tennis player[28]
  • 1994 – Federico Bernardeschi, Italian footballer[29]
  • 1994 – Ava Max, American singer and songwriter[30]
  • 1995Katy Dunne, English tennis player[31]
  • 1995 – Carina Witthöft, German tennis player[32]

Deaths

  • 549Zhu Yi, Chinese general (b. 483)
  • 902Mary the Younger, Byzantine saint (b. 875)
  • 1184Richard of Dover, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1247Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
  • 1279Afonso III of Portugal (b. 1210)
  • 1281Gertrude of Hohenberg, queen consort of Germany (b. c.1225)
  • 1390Rupert I, Elector Palatine (b. 1309)
  • 1391John V Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1332)
  • 1531Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
  • 1560Jean du Bellay, French cardinal and diplomat (b. 1493)
  • 1579Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Spanish explorer (b. 1509)
  • 1645Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (b. 1585)
  • 1710Esprit Fléchier, French bishop and author (b. 1632)
  • 1721James Craggs the Younger, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1686)
  • 1754Richard Mead, English physician (b. 1673)
  • 1820Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish general (b. 1758)
  • 1862William Pennington American lawyer and politician, 13th Governor of New Jersey, 23rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1796)
  • 1898Thomas Bracken, Irish-New Zealand journalist, poet, and politician (b. 1843)
  • 1899Félix Faure, French merchant and politician, 7th President of France (b. 1841)
  • 1907Giosuè Carducci, Italian poet and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1835)
  • 1912Nicholas of Japan, Russian-Japanese monk and saint (b. 1836)
  • 1917Octave Mirbeau, French journalist, novelist, and playwright ( (b. 1848)
  • 1919Vera Kholodnaya, Ukrainian actress (b. 1893)
  • 1928Eddie Foy Sr., American actor and dancer (b. 1856)[33]
  • 1932Ferdinand Buisson, French academic and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1932 – Edgar Speyer, American-English financier and philanthropist (b. 1862)
  • 1944Dadasaheb Phalke, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1870)
  • 1957Josef Hofmann, Polish-American pianist and composer (b. 1876)
  • 1961Dazzy Vance, American baseball player (b. 1891)
  • 1967Smiley Burnette, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1911)
  • 1974John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand Rifle(b. 1888)
  • 1975Morgan Taylor, American hurdler and coach (b. 1903)
  • 1977Janani Luwum, bishop, Church of Uganda, martyr (b. c.1922)
  • 1977 – Rózsa Péter, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1905)
  • 1980Erich Hückel, German physicist and chemist (b. 1895)
  • 1984M. A. G. Osmani, Bangladeshi general (b. 1918)
  • 1990Keith Haring, American painter and activist (b. 1958)
  • 1991Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan lieutenant and engineer (b. 1932)
  • 1992Angela Carter, English novelist, short story writer (b. 1940)
  • 1992 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, 22nd President of Brazil (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Herman Wold, Norwegian-Swedish economist and statistician (b. 1908)
  • 1996Roberto Aizenberg, Argentinian painter and sculptor (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Roger Bowen, American actor and author (b. 1932)
  • 1996 – Pat Brown, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Governor of California (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Brownie McGhee, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1915)
  • 1997Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1998Mary Amdur, American toxicologist and public health researcher (b. 1908)
  • 2000Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Lila Kedrova, Russian-French actress and singer
  • 2000 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-American businessman, founded PING (b. 1911)
  • 2001Howard W. Koch, American director and producer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
  • 2002Walter Winterbottom, English footballer and manager (b. 1913)
  • 2003Rusty Magee, American actor and composer (b. 1955)
  • 2004Doris Troy, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2006Johnny Grunge, American wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Ernie Stautner, German-American football player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2009Stephen Kim Sou-hwan, South Korean cardinal (b. 1921)
  • 2011Len Lesser, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Justinas Marcinkevičius, Lithuanian poet and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2012Gary Carter, American baseball player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Elyse Knox, American model, actress, and fashion designer (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – John Macionis, American swimmer and lieutenant (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Anthony Shadid, American journalist (b. 1968)
  • 2013Colin Edwards, Guyanese footballer (b. 1991)
  • 2013 – Grigory Pomerants, Russian philosopher and author (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Tony Sheridan, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1940)
  • 2014Ken Farragut, American football player (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Gert Krawinkel, German guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Michael Shea, American author (b. 1946)
  • 2015Lasse Braun, Algerian-Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Lesley Gore, American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – R. R. Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1957)
  • 2015 – Lorena Rojas, Mexican actress and singer (b. 1971)
  • 2016Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat, 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1922)
  • 2019Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor (b. 1941)[34]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abda of Edessa
    • Elias and companions
    • Juliana of Nicomedia (Catholic Church)
    • Onesimus
    • Charles Todd Quintard (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • February 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the Shining Star (Kim Jong-il's Birthday) (North Korea)
  • Restoration of Lithuania's Statehood Day, celebrate the independence of Lithuania from Russia and Germany in 1918 (Lithuania)

References

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External links

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