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Eurovision Song Contest 1974
File:ESC 1974 logo.png
Final6 April 1974
VenueThe Dome
Brighton, United Kingdom
Presenter(s)Katie Boyle
Musical directorRonnie Hazlehurst
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Host broadcasterBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Website{{URL||optional display text}}
Number of entries17
Debuting countriesFile:Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg Greece
<templatestyles src="Template:Tooltip/styles.css" />Returning countriesNone
<templatestyles src="Template:Tooltip/styles.css" />Non-returning countriesFlag of France.svg France
Voting systemEach country had 10 jurors who could all give 1 vote to their favourite song.
Winning songFlag of Sweden.svg Sweden
1973 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1975

The Eurovision Song Contest 1974 was the 19th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.

It was held in the seaside resort of Brighton on the south coast of the United Kingdom. The BBC agreed to stage the event after Luxembourg, having won in both 1972 and 1973, declined on the grounds of expense to host the contest for a second consecutive year.[1]

The winner of the Contest was Sweden with the song "Waterloo" which was performed by the band ABBA, that went on to become one of the most popular recording acts of all time. ABBA are among the few Eurovision winners to achieve international superstar status. Sweden's win was their first.[1] Katie Boyle returned to host her fourth Eurovision Song Contest (after hosting the contest in 1960, 1963 and 1968). Sandie Shaw, who won the contest in 1967 with "Puppet on a String", could easily be seen as a spectator in the audience.


Further information on the host city: Brighton
File:Brighton Dome - - 1398362.jpg

Brighton Dome, United Kingdom - host venue of the 1974 contest.

Brighton is the major part of the city of Brighton and Hove (formed from the previous towns of Brighton, Hove, Portslade and several other villages) on the south coast of Great Britain. The venue which hosted the 1974 Contest was the Brighton Dome, an arts venue that contains the Concert Hall, the Corn Exchange and the Pavilion Theatre. All three venues are linked to the rest of the Royal Pavilion Estate by an underground tunnel to the Royal Pavilion in Pavilion Gardens and through shared corridors to Brighton Museum, as the entire complex was built for the Prince Regent (later George IV) and completed in 1805.


A two-night preview programme, Auftakt für Brighton (Prelude for Brighton), was coordinated by the German national broadcaster ARD broadcast at the end of March and was hosted by the journalist Karin Tietze-Ludwig. It was the first "preview"-type programme to be broadcast in many European countries simultaneously (traditionally each national broadcaster puts together their own preview programme).[2] The programme was also notable in being the European television debut for the winners, ABBA, who were peculiarly credited in previews as "The Abba".[1]


The United Kingdom was represented in the contest by the (British-born) Australian pop singer Olivia Newton-John, who finished in fourth place with the song "Long Live Love". As noted by author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor in his book The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History, Olivia disliked this song and preferred others from the UK heat, but "Long Live Love" was chosen as the UK's entry by a public postal vote.[3]

France had been drawn to sing at No. 14 (after Ireland and before Germany) with the song "La vie à vingt-cinq ans" by Dani, but as a mark of respect following the death of French President, Georges Pompidou, during Eurovision week, French broadcaster ORTF made the decision to withdraw the entry. Since President Pompidou's funeral was held the day of the contest, it was deemed inappropriate for the French to take part. Dani was seen by viewers in the audience at the point the French song should have been performed. For the same reason, the French singer Anne-Marie David, who had won the first place for Luxembourg in 1973, could not come to Brighton to hand the prize to the 1974 winner.[1][3] In her absence, the Director General of the BBC and President of the EBU, Sir Charles Curran, presented the Grand Prix.

Malta had selected Enzo Guzman with the song "Paċi Fid Dinja" (Peace in the World) to represent them, but withdrew from the contest for unknown reasons. Malta returned to the competition in 1975.[1]

Italy refused to broadcast the televised contest on the state television channel RAI because the contest coincided with the intense political campaigning for the 1974 Italian referendum on divorce which was held a month later in May. RAI felt that Gigliola Cinquetti's song, which was titled "" and repeatedly featured the word "si" (yes),[4] could be accused of being a subliminal message and a form of propaganda to influence the Italian voting public to vote "yes" in the referendum. The song was not played on most Italian state TV and radio stations for over a month.[3]

Portugal's entry "E depois do adeus" was used as the first of the two signals to launch the Carnation Revolution against the Estado Novo regime. Played on a Portuguese radio station late in the evening of 24 April 1974, the broadcasting of the song alerted the rebel, largely left-wing captains and soldiers to prepare to begin the successful military coup. (The second song to be broadcast, marking the actual start of military operations of the coup, was Grândola, Vila Morena by Zeca Afonso - with no Eurovision Song Contest connection). John Kennedy O'Connor described "E depois do adeus" as "the only Eurovision entry to have actually started a revolution", while Des Mangan suggests that other Portuguese entries (he mentions 1998's "Se Eu Te Pudesse Abraçar") would not be likely to inspire coups.[3]

Participating countries[]

Further information: List of countries in the Eurovision Song Contest

Seventeen nations took part in this year's contest. Greece made their début, while France withdrew during the week of the contest after the sudden death of French President Georges Pompidou.[1]


Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.[5]

Returning artists[]

Three artists returned to the contest this year. Gigliola Cinquetti winner of the 1964 Contest participated again for Italy. Romuald Figuier who also participated in the 1964 Contest for Monaco, as well as in 1969 Contest for Luxembourg. Norway's Bendik Singers also returned after last participating in Eurovision Song Contest 1973.[1]


Draw Country Artist Song Language[6] Place Points
01 File:Flag of Finland.svg Finland Carita "Keep Me Warm" English 13 4
02 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Olivia Newton-John "Long Live Love" English 4 14
03 File:Flag of Spain (1945–1977).svg.png Spain Peret "Canta y sé feliz" Spanish 9 10
04 Flag of Norway.svg Norway Anne-Karine Strøm feat. Bendik Singers "The First Day of Love" English 14 3
05 File:Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg Greece Marinella "Krasi, thalassa ke t' agori mou"
(Κρασί, θάλασσα και τ' αγόρι μου)
Greek 11 7
06 Flag of Israel.svg Israel Poogy "Natati La Khayay" (נתתי לה חיי) Hebrew 7 11
07 File:Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia Korni Grupa "Generacija '42" (Генерација '42) Serbian 12 6
08 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden ABBA "Waterloo" English 1 24
09 File:Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Ireen Sheer "Bye Bye I Love You" Frencha 4 14
10 File:Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco Romuald "Celui qui reste et celui qui s'en va" French 4 14
11 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Jacques Hustin "Fleur de liberté" French 9 10
12 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Mouth & MacNeal "I See a Star" English 3 15
13 Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland Tina Reynolds "Cross Your Heart" English 7 11
14 Flag of Germany.svg Germany Cindy & Bert "Die Sommermelodie" German 14 3
15 File:Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland Piera Martell "Mein Ruf nach dir" German 14 3
16 File:Flag of Portugal.svg.png Portugal Paulo de Carvalho "E depois do adeus" Portuguese 14 3
17 Flag of Italy.svg Italy Gigliola Cinquetti "" Italian 2 18


a. <templatestyles src="Citation/styles.css"/>^ Contains some words in English.


Total Score File:ESCFinlandJ.svg File:ESCUnitedKingdomJ.svg File:ESCSpainJ.svg File:ESCNorwayJ.svg File:ESCGreeceJ.svg File:ESCIsrael.svg File:ESCYugoslaviaJ.svg File:ESCSwedenJ.svg File:ESCLuxembourgJ.svg File:ESCMonaco.svg File:ESCBelgiumJ.svg File:ESCNetherlandsJ.svg File:ESCIrelandJ.svg File:ESCGermanyJ.svg File:ESCSwitzerland.svg File:ESCPortugalJ.svg File:ESCItalyJ.svg
Contestants Finland 4 1 2 1
United Kingdom 14 1 1 4 1 1 2 1 3
Spain 10 2 1 3 1 1 2
Norway 3 1 1 1
Greece 7 2 4 1
Israel 11 2 1 2 1 2 3
Yugoslavia 6 1 1 1 1 2
Sweden 24 5 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 2 5 1
Luxembourg 14 1 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 2
Monaco 14 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1
Belgium 10 2 5 3
Netherlands 15 1 1 2 1 3 3 1 1 1 1
Ireland 11 1 2 2 1 2 2 1
Germany 3 1 1 1
Switzerland 3 1 1 1
Portugal 3 1 2
Italy 18 2 5 2 1 1 4 1 1 1

International broadcasts and voting[]

The two-person jury system used for the previous three contests was abandoned, with a resurrection of the 10-person jury system with one vote per juror, last used in 1970, returning. This was the final time it was used. Unusually, a separate draw was made for the order in which the participating countries would vote. In all previous contests either nations had voted in the same running order as the song presentation or in the reverse of that order. It wouldn't be until 2006 that the voting sequence was decided by draw again. Finland, Norway, Switzerland and Italy drew the same position in both draws. Countries revealed their votes in the following order:[1][7]

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1974 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.[1]

Voting order Country Spokesperson Commentator Broadcaster
01 File:Flag of Finland.svg Finland Aarre Elo[8] Matti Paalosmaa YLE TV1[8]
02 File:Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg TBC Jacques Navadic RTL Télé Luxembourg
03 Flag of Israel.svg Israel Yitzhak Shim'oni No commentator Israeli Television
04 Flag of Norway.svg Norway Sverre Christophersen[9] John Andreassen NRK[9]
Erik Heyerdahl NRK P1
05 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Colin-Ward Lewis David Vine BBC1[10]
Terry Wogan BBC Radio 2
Richard Astbury (British Forces Radio)[11]
06 File:Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia Helga Vlahović[12] Milovan Ilić TVB1
Oliver Mlakar TVZ 1
Tomaž Terček TVL1
07 File:Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg Greece Irini Gavala Mako Georgiadou EIRT
08 Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland Brendan Balfe Mike Murphy RTÉ Television
Liam Devally Radio Éireann
09 Flag of Germany.svg Germany TBC Werner Veigel ARD Deutsches Fernsehen
10 File:Flag of Portugal.svg.png Portugal Henrique Mendes Artur Agostinho RTP1[13]
11 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Dick van Bommel Willem Duys Nederland 2[14]
12 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Sven Lindahl[15] Johan Sandström SR TV1
Ursula Richter SR P3[16]
13 File:Flag of Spain (1945–1977).svg.png Spain Antolín García José Luis Uribarri TVE1[17]
14 File:Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco Sophie Hecquet[18] Pierre Tchernia Télé Monte Carlo
15 File:Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland Michel Stocker Theodor Haller TV DRS
Georges Hardy TSR
Giovanni Bertini TSI
16 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium André Hagon Georges Désir RTB
Herman Verelst BRT
17 Flag of Italy.svg Italy Anna Maria Gambineri Rosanna Vaudetti Secondo Programma

Non-participating countries[]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Eurovision Song Contest 1974". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 O'Connor, John Kennedy The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History Carlton Books, UK, 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  4. Sì - Lyrics The Diggiloo Thrush
  5. "Conductors 1974". Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  6. "Eurovision Song Contest 1974". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  7. "Diggiloo Thrush - scoreboard 1974".
  8. 8.0 8.1 Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? Template:Fi icon Viisukuppila, 18 April 2005
  9. 9.0 9.1 Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  10. Eurovision Song Contest 1974 BBC Archives
  11. Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs For Europe - The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest Volume Two: The 1970's. UK: Telos Publishing. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  12. Sumnja od Jugolasvenskog glasanja Archived 8 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine Template:Sr icon OGAE Serbia forum, 8 September 2011
  13. "Um Waterloo onde faltou Cambronne", Diário de Lisboa, 7 April 1974
  14. "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
  15. Archived 16 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  16. Leif Thorsson Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 108; Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB ISBN 91-89136-29-2
  17. Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010 Template:Es icon FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN
  18. "Facets of Eurovision Song Contest 1975", Times of Malta, 31 March 1975

External links[]

Template:Eurovision years Template:Eurovision Song Contest 1974 Template:ABBA