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Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show
The band on the cover of Rolling Stone.
The band on the cover of Rolling Stone.
Background information
Also known asDr. Hook
OriginNew Jersey, United States
GenresRock, country rock, southern rock, soft rock
Years active1967–1985
LabelsColumbia Records, Capitol Records, CBS, Casablanca Records
Associated actsShel Silverstein
Past members
  • Billy Francis
  • Ray Sawyer
  • George Cummings
  • Bobby Dominguez
  • Jimmy "Wolf Cub" Allen
  • Dennis Locorriere
  • Popeye Phillips
  • Joseph Olivier
  • John "Jay" David
  • Rik Elswit
  • Campbell Newman
  • Jance Garfat
  • John Wolters
  • Bob 'Willard' Henke
  • Rod Smarr
  • Walter Hartman
  • Graeme Crowe
  • Cornelius 'Chimpy' Lucey
  • Ben 'Nugget' Dover
  • Dr John Pentis
  • Nancy Nash
  • Carol Parks
  • Keith Austin
  • Mo Thaxton

Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show, shortened from 1975 onwards to Dr. Hook, were an American rock band, formed in Union City, New Jersey. They enjoyed considerable commercial success in the 1970s with hit singles including "Sylvia's Mother", "The Cover of 'Rolling Stone'" (both 1972), "A Little Bit More" (1976), "Sharing the Night Together" (1978), and "When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman" (1979). In addition to their own material, Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show performed songs written by the poet Shel Silverstein.

The band had eight years of regular chart hits, in both the United States, where their music was played on top-40, easy listening, and country music outlets, and throughout the English-speaking world including the UK and Canada. Their music spanned several genres, mostly novelty songs and acoustic ballads in their early years; their greatest success came with their later material, mostly consisting of disco-influenced soft rock, which the band recorded under the shortened name Dr. Hook.


The founding core of the band consisted of three Southerners, George Cummings, Ray Sawyer, and Billy Francis, who had worked together in a band called The Chocolate Papers. They had played the South, up and down the East Coast, and into the Midwest before breaking up. Cummings, who moved to New Jersey with the plan of forming a new band, brought back Sawyer to rejoin him. They then took on future primary vocalist, New Jersey native Dennis Locorriere, at first as a bass player. Francis, who had returned south after the Chocolate Papers broke up, returned to be the new band's keyboardist.

When told by a club owner that they needed a name to put on a poster in the window of his establishment, Cummings made a sign: "Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show: Tonic for the Soul." The "Hook" name was inspired by Sawyer's eyepatch and a reference to Captain Hook of the Peter Pan fairy tale, although, humorously, because Captain Hook was neither a doctor nor wore an eyepatch. Ray Sawyer had lost his right eye in a near-fatal car crash in Oregon in 1967, and thereafter always wore an eyepatch.[1] The eyepatch would mistakenly lead some people to believe that Sawyer was 'Dr. Hook'. When anyone ask the band which one of them was 'Dr Hook' they always directed everyone to the bus driver.

The band played for a few years in New Jersey, first with drummer Popeye Phillips (who had also been in The Chocolate Papers), who went on to be a session drummer on The Flying Burrito Brothers' first album, The Gilded Palace of Sin. Citing musical differences, Popeye returned home to his native Alabama, and was replaced by local drummer Joseph Olivier. When the band began recording their first album, Olivier left in order to spend more time with his family, and was replaced by session player, John "Jay" David, who was asked to join the band full-time in 1968.

In 1970, their demo tapes were heard by Ron Haffkine, musical director on the planned Herb Gardner movie, Who Is Harry Kellerman and Why Is He Saying Those Terrible Things About Me?. The songs for the film were written by the cartoonist and poet/songwriter Shel Silverstein. Haffkine determined that Dr. Hook was the ideal group for the soundtrack. With the help of producer Haffkine, the group recorded two songs for the film: Locorriere sang the lead on both "The Last Morning", the movie's theme song, later re-recorded for their second album Sloppy Seconds, and "Bunky and Lucille", which the band can be seen performing in the film. The film, released in 1971 by National General Pictures, received mixed critical reviews and did only modestly at the box office, but it helped Dr. Hook and The Medicine Show secure their first recording contract.

Ron Haffkine arranged a meeting with Clive Davis, CBS Records described in Davis's autobiography. Drummer David used a wastepaper basket to keep the beat, and while Sawyer, Locorriere, and Cummings played and sang a few songs, Francis hopped up and danced on the mogul's desk. This meeting secured the band their first record deal. Subsequently, the band went on to international success over the next twelve years, with Haffkine as the group's manager, as well as producer of all the Dr. Hook recordings.

Dr. Hook (1971)[]

Silverstein and Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show became a great combination. Haffkine, having a knack for picking great songs, quickly became Dr. Hook’s #1 A&R man, as well as their producer and manager. Silverstein wrote all the songs for their self-titled debut album, released in 1971. Doctor Hook featured lead vocals, guitar, bass, and harmonica by Locorriere, guitarist Cummings, singer Sawyer, drummer David, singer/guitarist, and keyboard player Billy Francis. The album sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA on August 2, 1972.[2] It has been released 20 times in the US, UK, Netherlands, Italy, Yugoslavia, Canada, Europe, Spain, and Greece.

The single "Sylvia's Mother", a subtle parody of teen-heartbreak weepers, flopped on first release, but with some more promotional muscle became the band's first million-seller, and hit the top five in the summer of 1972. Other titles on the album included "Marie Lavaux", "Sing Me A Rainbow", "Hey Lady Godiva", "Four Years Older Than Me", "Kiss It Away", "Makin' It Natural", "I Call That True Love", "When She Cries", "Judy", "Mama, I'll Sing One Song For You".

Sloppy Seconds (1972)[]

Silverstein continued to write songs for Dr. Hook, including their entire second album, Sloppy Seconds, now released 16 times in the US, Australia, UK, Netherlands, Europe, and Canada. It featured some of their most popular songs, including "Freakin' at the Freaker's Ball", and "The Cover of Rolling Stone". Other titles on the album were "If I'd Only Come And Gone", "The Things I Didn't Say", "Carry Me Carrie", "Get My Rocks Off", "Last Mornin'", "I Can't Touch The Sun", "Queen Of The Silver Dollar", "Turn On The World" and "Stayin' Song". The album was listed in the Billboard 200 in 1973. In 1972, the band added a full-time bassist, Jance Garfat, and another guitarist, Rik Elswit.

"The Cover of 'Rolling Stone'"[]

The band's second single, Silverstein’s "The Cover of 'Rolling Stone'" from Sloppy Seconds, was another million-selling disc,[2] poking fun at the idea that a musician had "made it" if they had been pictured on the cover of Rolling Stone.

Ron locked horns again with Clive Davis for three months, because of the lyrics "We take all kind of pills to give us all kind of thrills" and "I got a freaky old lady named Cocaine Katy". Ron knew that another "Sylvia’s Mother" would finish Dr. Hook. Clive told the label to release it. Ron, against all opinions, asked that nothing else be done to the song, stating, "it’s perfect just the way it is". "The Cover of Rolling Stone" was not their biggest hit, but it turned out to be the most significant song of Dr. Hook’s career, attracting the attention of those who would appreciate their irreverent attitude and stage show.

Haffkine visited Jann Wenner, one of the founders of Rolling Stone, proclaiming "I’ve just given you guys the best commercial for this rag that you’ll ever get." Wenner then sent Cameron Crowe (who later wrote and directed Jerry McGuire), then 16 years old, to interview the band for issue 131 (March 1973). Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show appeared on the cover, albeit in caricature rather than photograph.

In the United Kingdom, the BBC Radio network refused to play "The Cover of 'Rolling Stone'", because it considered doing so would be advertising a trademark name, which was against the BBC's policy (previously, the Kinks had to change "Coca-Cola" to "Cherry Cola" in their song "Lola" to get around the rule). CBS Records responded by setting up a phone line that would play the song to anyone willing to dial in, which helped build the buzz. The BBC only found itself able to play the song after some of its DJs edited themselves shouting the words "Radio Times" (at the time, a BBC-owned magazine) over "Rolling Stone".

Belly Up! (1973)[]

In 1973, all was not well for Haffkine and Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show. David left the band and was replaced by John Wolters. The group had a difficult time meeting the high expectations created by Sloppy Seconds, and the result was Belly Up!, which Huey noted "was unfortunately prophetic". Belly Up! included "Acapulco Goldie", "Penicillin Penny", "Life Ain't Easy", "When Lily Was Queen", "Monterey", "Jack", "You Ain't Got The Right", "Put A Little Bit On Me", "Ballad Of....", "Roland The Roadie Gertrude The Groupie", "Come On In", "The Wonderful Soup Stone". The album was sold in the US, UK, Europe, and Canada. Dr. Hook was just as famed for their crazed stage antics, which ranged from surreal banter to impersonating their own opening acts, but it was the group's nonchalance about business matters that led to bankruptcy. "If we were in the black when we finished a tour, we'd party into the red," says Locorriere. They were forced to file bankruptcy in 1974, although they continued to tour incessantly.

The Medicine Show's lineup changed a few more times over the years. When David left the group in 1973, he was replaced by John Wolters. The next to depart was founding band member Cummings, who left in 1975 due to personal and musical differences. The band did not initially replace him. When Elswit was diagnosed with cancer a couple of years later, the band added Bob "Willard" Henke (formerly of Goose Creek Symphony). Elswit recovered and returned to the lineup, but they kept Henke on as well for a while. When Henke left in 1980, they added Rod Smarr.

Dr. Hook signs with Capitol[]

The band shortened its name to Dr. Hook in 1975. They signed with Capitol Records in 1975, releasing the aptly titled album Bankrupt. Unlike previous projects, this album included original material written by the group. The hit from the project was a reworked version of Sam Cooke's "Only Sixteen" (US number 6), revitalizing their career and charted in the top ten in 1976. It was when Haffkine found a little tune called "A Little Bit More", written and originally performed by Bobby Gosh and released on his 1973 album Sitting in the Quiet, on a vinyl record costing 35 cents at a flea market in San Francisco, things exploded for Dr. Hook. It charted at number 11 on the US Billboard Hot 100, and spent two weeks at number nine on the Cash Box Top 100. It reached number two on the UK Singles Chart. It was Dr. Hook's joint second-best UK chart placing, matching "Sylvia's Mother".

Follow-ups to "A Little Bit More" included "Sharing the Night Together" (number 6), "When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman" (number 6) and "Sexy Eyes" (number 5), which featured sexy female backup singers. Save for "A Little Bit More" (number 11), all the singles mentioned above were certified million-sellers. "When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman" reached number 1 for several weeks in 1979 in the UK. They had another hit single with "Better Love Next Time" (number 12). The band toured constantly but never managed to turn their success with singles into album sales.

Pleasure & Pain (1979)[]

Pleasure & Pain, released in 1979, was Dr. Hook's first gold album. According to Steve Huey, of All Music Guide, it solidified their reputation as "disco-tinged balladeers". Bob "Willard" Henke joined the band while Elswit took a year off to recover from cancer. But Sawyer was increasingly upset at the commercial direction the group's sound was taking, and left the band in 1980. Henke left soon after to be replaced with Rod Smarr. The band changed labels again, but could not replicate earlier successes, and officially disbanded in 1985.

Final years to today[]

Sawyer left in 1983 to pursue a solo career, while the band continued to tour successfully for another couple of years, ending with Dr. Hook's One and Only Farewell Tour, with Locorriere as the sole frontman.

Locorriere retains ownership of the Dr. Hook name, and uses the name for his current solo band as "Dr Hook Starring Dennis Locorriere;" he continues to tour the world. From 1998 to 2015, Sawyer was granted a license to tour separately as "Ray Sawyer of Dr. Hook" and "Dr. Hook featuring Ray Sawyer"; the two have been on good terms, and Sawyer has not performed publicly since his last tour ended in October 2015.[3] Locorriere omits all direct mentions of Sawyer from the current Dr. Hook Web site, noting: "I assume (he) would not wish to be represented on my site anymore than I would on theirs."[4]


  • Dennis Locorriere - vocals, guitar, bass, harmonica (1967-1985)
  • Ray Sawyer - vocals, guitar, percussion, congas, maracas (1967-1983)
  • Billy Francis - keyboards (1967-1985; died 2010)
  • George Cummings - lead and steel guitars, vocals (1967-1975)
  • John "Jay" David - drums (1968-1973)
  • Rik Elswit - lead guitar (1972-1985)
  • Jance Garfat - bass (1972-1985; died 2006)
  • John Wolters - drums (1973-1982, 1983-1985; died 1997)
  • Bob 'Willard' Henke - guitar (1976-1980)
  • Rod Smarr - guitar (1980-1985; died 2012)
  • Walter Hartman - drums (1982-1983)
  • Leonard Wolfe - keyboards
  • Joseph Olivier - drums (1968)


Studio and live albums[]

(for the 1975 Bankrupt album the band name was shortened to Dr. Hook)

Year Album Peak chart positions
1971 Doctor Hook (reissued as Sylvia's Mother) 45 38 5[5]
1972 Sloppy Seconds 41 16
1973 Belly Up! 141 7[6]
1975 Bankrupt 141 2[7]
1976 A Little Bit More 62 18 69 5 1[8]
1977 Makin' Love and Music 39
1978 Pleasure and Pain 66 17 93 47
1979 Sometimes You Win 71 59 14
1980 Rising 175 44
1981 Live in the U.K. (US title: Dr. Hook Live) 90
1982 Players in the Dark 118
1983 Let Me Drink From Your Well

Compilation albums[]

Year Album Peak chart positions
1976 The Best of Dr. Hook (aka Revisited)
1980 Greatest Hits 142 32 2
1984 The Rest of Dr. Hook
1987 Greatest Hits (And More) 2
1992 Completely Hooked - The Best of Dr. Hook 3
1995 Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show - Greatest Hits
1996 Sharing the Night Together - The Best Of Dr. Hook
1999 Love Songs 8
2007 Hits and History 14
2007 Greatest Hooks
2014 Timeless 36 9


Year Single Peak chart positions Album
1971 "Last Morning" Who Is Harry Kellerman And Why Is He Saying Those Terrible Things About Me?
1972 "Sylvia's Mother" 5 1 2 2 Dr. Hook
"Carry Me Carrie" 71 82 Sloppy Seconds
"The Cover of Rolling Stone" 6 32 2
1973 "Roland the Roadie and Gertrude the Groupie" 83 74 Belly Up!
"Life Ain't Easy" 68
1974 "Cops And Robbers" Singles Only
"The Ballad of Lucy Jordan"
1975 "The Stimu Dr. Hook" Promo Only
"The Millionaire" 95 8 Bankrupt
"Only Sixteen" 6 55 14 8 3 9
1976 "A Little Bit More" 11 15 10 4 6 2 A Little Bit More
"A Couple More Years" 51
"If Not You" 55 26 21 69 56 9 5
1977 "Walk Right In" 46 92 39 1 77 30 Makin' Love and Music
1978 "More Like the Movies" 93 14 A Little Bit More
"Sharing the Night Together" 6 50 18 10 3 40 4 43 Pleasure and Pain
1979 "All the Time in the World" 54 82 41 60 64 12
"When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman" 6 68 5 20 4 22 7 1
"Better Love Next Time" 12 91 3 24 39 10 8 Sometimes You Win
1980 "Sexy Eyes" [upper-alpha 1] 5 6 41 8 1 4
"Years From Now" 51 17 72 63 3 47
"Girls Can Get It" 34 3 40 Rising
1981 "That Didn't Hurt Too Bad" 69
"The Wild Colonial Boy"[9] 4 Single Only [upper-alpha 2]
1982 "Baby Makes Her Blue Jeans Talk" [upper-alpha 3] 25 11 17 Players in the Dark
"Loveline" 60 19
  1. Sexy Eyes also reached number one in New Zealand.
  2. The Wild Colonial Boy was included on some Australian copies of Rising.
  3. Baby Makes her Blue Jeans Talk made number one in South Africa.


  1. "Keith Green interview with George Cummings". 2003. Archived from the original on April 6, 2005. Retrieved July 28, 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 311. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  5. "Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show : Doctor Hook". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  6. "Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show : Belly Up". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  7. "Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show : Bankrupt". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  8. "Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show : A Little Bit More". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  9. "Top 100 Singles: Every AMR Top 100 Single in 1981". 2011-11-06. Retrieved 2015-08-26.

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