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Events

  • 480Odoacer, first King of Italy, occupies Dalmatia. He later establishes his political power with the co-operation of the Roman Senate.
  • 536Gothic War: The Byzantine general Belisarius enters Rome unopposed; the Gothic garrison flee the capital.
  • 730Battle of Marj Ardabil: The Khazars annihilate an Umayyad army and kill its commander, Al-Jarrah Ibn Abdallah Al-Hakami.
  • 1425 – The Catholic University of Leuven is founded.
  • 1531The Virgin of Guadalupe first appears to Juan Diego at Tepeyac, Mexico City.
  • 1688Glorious Revolution: Williamite forces defeat Jacobites at Battle of Reading, forcing flight of James II from the country.
  • 1775American Revolutionary War: British troops lose the Battle of Great Bridge, and leave Virginia soon afterward.
  • 1793 – New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
  • 1824 – Patriot forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre defeat a Royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho, putting an end to the Peruvian War of Independence.
  • 1835Texas Revolution: The Texian Army captures San Antonio, Texas.
  • 1851 – The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal.
  • 1856 – The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
  • 1861American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1868 – The first traffic lights are installed, outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1872 – In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first African-American governor of a U.S. state.
  • 1892 – English football club Newcastle United is founded.
  • 1897 – Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper La Fronde in Paris.
  • 1905 – In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
  • 1911 – A mine explosion near Briceville, Tennessee, kills 84 miners despite rescue efforts led by the United States Bureau of Mines.
  • 1917World War I: Field Marshal Allenby captures Jerusalem, Palestine.
  • 1922Gabriel Narutowicz is elected the first president of Poland.
  • 1931 – The Constituent Cortes approves a constitution which establishes the Second Spanish Republic.
  • 1935Student protests in Beiping (now Beijing)'s Tiananmen Square, dispersed by government.
  • 1935Walter Liggett, American newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in a gangland murder.
  • 1935 – The Downtown Athletic Club Trophy, later renamed the Heisman Trophy, is awarded for the first time. The winner is halfback Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago.
  • 1937Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing (Nanking).
  • 1940World War II: Operation Compass: British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O'Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt.
  • 1941 – World War II: China, Cuba, Guatemala, and the Philippine Commonwealth declare war on Germany and Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: The American 19th Bombardment Group attacks Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon.
  • 1946 – The "Subsequent Nuremberg trials" begin with the "Doctors' trial", prosecuting physicians and officers alleged to be involved in Nazi human experimentation and mass murder under the guise of euthanasia.
  • 1946 – The Constituent Assembly of India meets for the first time to write the Constitution of India.
  • 1948 – The Genocide Convention is adopted.
  • 1950Cold War: Harry Gold is sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
  • 1953Red Scare: General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company.
  • 1956Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810, a Canadair North Star, crashes near Hope, British Columbia, Canada, killing all 62 people on board.
  • 1958 – The John Birch Society is founded in the United States.
  • 1960 – The first episode of Coronation Street, the world's longest-running television soap opera, is broadcast in the United Kingdom.
  • 1961Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain.
  • 1962 – The Petrified Forest National Park is established in Arizona.
  • 1965Kecksburg UFO incident: A fireball is seen from Michigan to Pennsylvania; witnesses report something crashing in the woods near Pittsburgh.
  • 1965 – A Charlie Brown Christmas, first in a series of Peanuts television specials, debuts on CBS.
  • 1968Douglas Engelbart gave what became known as "The Mother of All Demos", publicly debuting the computer mouse, hypertext, and the bit-mapped graphical user interface using the oN-Line System (NLS).
  • 1969 – U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers proposes his plan for a ceasefire in the War of Attrition; Egypt and Jordan accept it over the objections of the PLO, which leads to civil war in Jordan in September 1970.
  • 1971 – Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Air Force executes an airdrop of Indian Army units, bypassing Pakistani defences.
  • 1973 – British and Irish authorities sign the Sunningdale Agreement in an attempt to establish a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and a cross-border Council of Ireland.
  • 1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first of only two diseases that have been driven to extinction (rinderpest in 2011 being the other).
  • 1987Israeli–Palestinian conflict: The First Intifada begins in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.
  • 1988 – The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland, is officially opened.
  • 1992 – American troops land in Somalia for Operation Restore Hope.
  • 1996Gwen Jacob is acquitted of committing an indecent act, giving women the right to be topfree in Ontario, Canada.
  • 2003 – A blast in the center of Moscow kills six people and wounds several more.
  • 2008 – The Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for crimes including attempting to sell the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama.
  • 2012 – A plane crash in Mexico kills seven people.[1]
  • 2013 – At least seven are dead and 63 are injured following a train accident near Bintaro, Indonesia.
  • 2015 – The start of the thirty-sixth GCC summit in Riyadh business.
  • 2016President Park Geun-hye of South Korea is impeached by the country's National Assembly in response to a major political scandal. Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn becomes Acting President, later declining to run for a full term.
  • 2016 – At least 57 people are killed and a further 177 injured when two schoolgirl suicide bombers attack a market area in Madagali, Northeastern Nigeria in the Madagali suicide bombings.
  • 2017 – The Marriage Amendment Bill receives royal assent and comes into effect, making Australia the 26th country to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • 2019 – A volcano on White Island, New Zealand, kills at least 18 people after it erupts.[2]

Births

  • 1392Peter, Duke of Coimbra (d. 1449)
  • 1447Chenghua Emperor of China (d. 1487)
  • 1482Frederick II, Elector Palatine (d. 1556)
  • 1493Íñigo López de Mendoza, 4th Duke of the Infantado (d. 1566)
  • 1508Gemma Frisius, Dutch mathematician and cartographer (d. 1555)
  • 1561Edwin Sandys, English lawyer and politician (d. 1629)
  • 1571Metius, Dutch mathematician and astronomer (d. 1635)
  • 1579Martin de Porres, Peruvian saint (d. 1639)
  • 1594Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (d. 1632)
  • 1608John Milton, English poet and philosopher (d. 1674)
  • 1610Baldassare Ferri, Italian singer and actor (d. 1680)
  • 1617Richard Lovelace, English poet (d. 1657)
  • 1652Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist (d. 1723)
  • 1667William Whiston, English mathematician, historian, and theologian (d. 1752)
  • 1717Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1768)
  • 1721Peter Pelham, English-American organist and composer (d. 1805)
  • 1728Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi, Italian composer (d. 1804)
  • 1742Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish Pomeranian and German pharmaceutical chemist (d. 1786)
  • 1745Maddalena Laura Sirmen, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1818)
  • 1748Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist and academic (d. 1822)
  • 1752Antoine Étienne de Tousard, French general and engineer (d. 1813)
  • 1787John Dobson, English architect, designed Eldon Square and Lilburn Tower (d. 1865)
  • 1779Tabitha Babbitt, American tool maker and inventor (d. 1853)
  • 1806Jean-Olivier Chénier, Canadian physician (d. 1838)
  • 1813Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (d. 1885)
  • 1837Émile Waldteufel, French pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1915)
  • 1842Peter Kropotkin, Russian zoologist, economist, geographer, and philosopher (d. 1921)
  • 1845Joel Chandler Harris, American journalist and author (d. 1908)
  • 1850Emma Abbott, American soprano and actress (d. 1891)
  • 1861Hélène Smith, French psychic and occultist (d. 1929)
  • 1867Gregorios Xenopoulos, Greek journalist and author (d. 1951)
  • 1868Fritz Haber, Polish-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1934)
  • 1870Ida S. Scudder, Indian physician and missionary (d. 1960)
  • 1870 – Francisco S. Carvajal, Mexican lawyer and politician, president 1914 (d. 1932)[3]
  • 1871Joe Kelley, American baseball player and manager (d. 1943)
  • 1873George Blewett, Canadian philosopher, author, and academic (d. 1912)
  • 1875Harry Miller, American engineer (d. 1943)
  • 1876Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1940)
  • 1882Elmer Booth, American actor (d. 1915)
  • 1882 – Joaquín Turina, Spanish-French composer, critic, and educator (d. 1949)
  • 1883Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, theorist, and academic (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Alexander Papagos, Greek general and politician, 152nd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1955)
  • 1883 – Joseph Pilates, German-American fitness expert, developed Pilates (d. 1967)
  • 1886Clarence Birdseye, American businessman, founded Birds Eye (d. 1956)
  • 1887Tim Moore, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 1889Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish-American runner (d. 1966)
  • 1890Laura Salverson, Canadian author (d. 1970)
  • 1891Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet and critic (d. 1917)
  • 1892André Randall, French actor (d. 1974)
  • 1895Dolores Ibárruri, Spanish activist, journalist and politician (d. 1989)
  • 1895 – Conchita Supervía, Spanish soprano and actress (d. 1936)
  • 1897Hermione Gingold, English actress and singer (d. 1987)
  • 1898Irene Greenwood, Australian radio broadcaster and feminist and peace activist (d. 1992)[4]
  • 1898 – Emmett Kelly, American clown and actor (d. 1979)
  • 1899Jean de Brunhoff, French author and illustrator (d. 1937)
  • 1900Margaret Brundage, American illustrator, known for illustrating pulp magazine Weird Tales (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Albert Weisbord, American activist, founded the Communist League of Struggle (d. 1977)
  • 1901Jean Mermoz, French pilot and politician (d. 1936)
  • 1901 – Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-German author and playwright (d. 1938)
  • 1902Margaret Hamilton, American schoolteacher, actress and voice artist (d. 1985)
  • 1904Robert Livingston, American actor and singer (d. 1988)
  • 1905Dalton Trumbo, American author, screenwriter, and blacklistee (d. 1976)
  • 1906Grace Hopper, American admiral and computer scientist, designed COBOL (d. 1992)[5]
  • 1906 – Freddy Martin, American bandleader and tenor saxophonist (d. 1983)
  • 1909Douglas Fairbanks Jr., American captain, actor, and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1911Broderick Crawford, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese colonel and businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1912Tip O'Neill, American lawyer and politician, 55th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Jim Turnesa, American golfer (d. 1971)
  • 1914Max Manus, Norwegian lieutenant (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Frances Reid, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1914 – Ljubica Sokić, Serbian painter and illustrator (d. 2009)
  • 1915Eloise Jarvis McGraw, American author (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-Austrian soprano and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1916Jerome Beatty Jr., American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Kirk Douglas, American actor, singer, and producer (d. 2020)
  • 1916 – Colin McCool, Australian cricketer (d. 1986)
  • 1917James Jesus Angleton, American CIA agent (d. 1987)
  • 1917 – James Rainwater, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1918Joyce Redman, Irish-born British actress (d. 2012)
  • 1919V. Dakshinamoorthy, Indian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1919 – William Lipscomb, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1920Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian economist and politician, 10th President of Italy (d. 2016)
  • 1920 – Bruno Ruffo, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver (d. 2007)
  • 1922Redd Foxx, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Roy Rubin, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1926Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, photographer, and mountaineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – David Nathan, British journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Jan Křesadlo, Czech-English psychologist and author (d. 1995)
  • 1926 – Lorenzo Wright, American sprinter and coach (d. 1972)
  • 1927Pierre Henry, French composer (d. 2017)
  • 1928Joan Blos, American author and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – André Milhoux, Belgian race car driver
  • 1928 – Dick Van Patten, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1929John Cassavetes, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1929 – Bob Hawke, Australian union leader and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2019)
  • 1930Buck Henry, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1930 – Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores, Guatemalan soldier and politician, 27th President of Guatemala (d. 2016)
  • 1931Paddi Edwards, English-American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Cliff Hagan, American basketball player-coach[6]
  • 1931 – William Reynolds, American actor
  • 1931 – Ladislav Smoljak, Czech actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1932Donald Byrd, American trumpet player and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Bill Hartack, American jockey (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Billy Edd Wheeler, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and playwright
  • 1933Ashleigh Brilliant, English-American author and illustrator
  • 1933 – Milt Campbell, American decathlete and football player (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Morton Downey Jr., American singer-songwriter, actor, and talk show host (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Orville Moody, American golfer (d. 2008)
  • 1934Judi Dench, English actress
  • 1934 – Junior Wells, American blues singer-songwriter and harmonica player (d. 1998)
  • 1938David Houston, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1938 – Deacon Jones, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1938 – Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Greek epidemiologist, oncologist, and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1940Clancy Eccles, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1941Mehmet Ali Birand, Turkish journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Beau Bridges, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1941 – Dan Hicks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1942Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1997)
  • 1942 – Dick Butkus, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
  • 1942 – Germain Gagnon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Fred Jones, Australian rugby league player
  • 1942 – Joe McGinniss, American journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – William Turnage, American conservationist (d. 2017)[7]
  • 1943Pit Martin, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
  • 1943 – Joanna Trollope, English author, playwright, and director
  • 1943 – Kenny Vance, American singer-songwriter and music producer
  • 1944Neil Innes, English singer-songwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1944 – Ki Longfellow, American author, playwright, and producer
  • 1944 – Bob O'Connor, American businessman and politician, 57th Mayor of Pittsburgh (d. 2006)
  • 1945Michael Nouri, American actor
  • 1946David Currie, Baron Currie of Marylebone, English economist and academic
  • 1946 – Dennis Dunaway, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1946 – Sonia Gandhi, Italian-Indian politician
  • 1946 – Nicholas Reade, English bishop
  • 1947Tom Daschle, American soldier, academic, and politician
  • 1947 – Jaak Jõerüüt, Estonian politician, 24th Estonian Minister of Defense
  • 1947 – Allan Jones, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1948Marleen Gorris, Dutch director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Jonathan Sumption, English historian, author, and judge
  • 1949Tom Kite, American golfer and architect
  • 1950Joan Armatrading, Kittian-English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Liaqat Baloch, Pakistani politician
  • 1952 – Michael Dorn, American actor and voice artist
  • 1953Cornelis de Bondt, Dutch composer and educator
  • 1953 – World B. Free, American basketball player
  • 1953 – John Malkovich, American actor and producer
  • 1954Phil Bryant, American academic and politician, 63rd Governor of Mississippi
  • 1954 – Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourger lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Luxembourg
  • 1954 – Henk ten Cate, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1955Otis Birdsong, American basketball player and radio host
  • 1955 – Chamras Saewataporn, Thai singer-songwriter
  • 1956Sylvia, American country singer-songwriter
  • 1956 – Jean-Pierre Thiollet, French journalist and author
  • 1957Peter O'Mara, Australian guitarist and composer
  • 1957 – Donny Osmond, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1957 – Steve Taylor, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958Nick Seymour, Australian bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1959Susan Bullock, English soprano
  • 1960Stefen Fangmeier, American visual effects designer and director
  • 1960 – Caroline Lucas, English activist and politician
  • 1960 – Terry Moran, American journalist
  • 1960 – Dobroslav Paraga, Croatian politician
  • 1960 – Juan Samuel, Dominican-American baseball player and manager
  • 1961David Anthony Higgins, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1962Felicity Huffman, American actress and producer
  • 1962 – Roxanne Swentzell, Santa Clara Pueblo (Native American) ceramic sculptor
  • 1963Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
  • 1963 – Dave Hilton Jr., Canadian boxer
  • 1964Michael Foster, American drummer
  • 1964 – Ross Harrington, Australian rugby league player
  • 1964 – Hape Kerkeling, German actor and singer
  • 1964 – Les Kiss, Australian rugby league player
  • 1964 – Johannes B. Kerner, German journalist and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Paul Landers, German guitarist
  • 1965Joe Ausanio, American baseball player and coach
  • 1966Kirsten Gillibrand, American lawyer and politician
  • 1966 – Dave Harold, English snooker player
  • 1966 – Gideon Sa'ar, Israeli lawyer and politician, 24th Israeli Minister of Internal Affairs
  • 1966 – Martin Taylor, English footballer and coach
  • 1967Joshua Bell, American violinist and conductor
  • 1967 – Jason Dozzell, English footballer and manager
  • 1968Brian Bell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Brent Price, American basketball player
  • 1969Jakob Dylan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Saskia Garel, Jamaican-Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Lori Greiner, American businesswoman
  • 1969 – Bixente Lizarazu, French footballer
  • 1969 – Raphaël Rouquier, French mathematician and academic
  • 1970Kara DioGuardi, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1970 – Lance Krall, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971Geoff Barrow, English drummer, DJ, composer, and producer
  • 1971 – Nick Hysong, American pole vaulter and coach
  • 1971 – Petr Nedvěd, Czech-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972Reiko Aylesworth, American actress
  • 1972 – Tré Cool, German-American drummer and songwriter
  • 1972 – Michael Corcoran, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Saima Wazed Hossain, Bangladeshi psychologist[8]
  • 1972 – Fabrice Santoro, Tahitian-French tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1973Fabio Artico, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Vénuste Niyongabo, Burundian runner
  • 1973 – Bárbara Padilla, Mexican-American soprano
  • 1974Canibus, Jamaican-American rapper
  • 1974 – Wendy Dillinger, American soccer player, coach, and manager
  • 1974 – Aloísio da Silva Filho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Fiona MacDonald, Scottish curler[9]
  • 1976Chris Booker, American baseball player
  • 1977Shayne Graham, American football player
  • 1977 – Imogen Heap, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1978Gastón Gaudio, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1978 – Jesse Metcalfe, American actor and musician
  • 1979Olivia Lufkin, Japanese-American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Stephen McPhail, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Aiko Uemura, Japanese skier
  • 1980Simon Helberg, American actor, comedian, and musician
  • 1980 – Ryder Hesjedal, Canadian cyclist
  • 1980 – Mark Riddell, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1981Mardy Fish, American tennis player
  • 1982Tamilla Abassova, Russian cyclist
  • 1982 – Nathalie De Vos, Belgian runner
  • 1982 – Ryan Grant, American football player
  • 1982 – Bastian Swillims, German sprinter
  • 1983Jermaine Beckford, English-Jamaican footballer
  • 1983 – Neslihan Demir Darnel, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1983 – Dariusz Dudka, Polish footballer
  • 1984Michael Adam, German politician
  • 1984 – Ángel Guirado, Spanish–Filipino footballer
  • 1984 – Leon Hall, American football player
  • 1985Wil Besseling, Dutch golfer
  • 1987Kostas Giannoulis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Mat Latos, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Hikaru Nakamura, Japanese-American chess player
  • 1988Kwadwo Asamoah, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1990Denise Hannema, Dutch cricketer
  • 1991Choi Minho, Korean singer and actor
  • 1993Mark McMorris, Canadian snowboarder
  • 1993 – Laura Smulders, Dutch cyclist
  • 1995McKayla Maroney, American gymnast
  • 1996MyKayla Skinner, American gymnast
  • 1999Riley Clemmons, American Christian musician
  • 2000Diāna Ņikitina, Latvian figure skater

Deaths

  • 638Sergius I of Constantinople
  • 730Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah, Arab general
  • 748Nasr ibn Sayyar, Umayyad general and politician (b. 663)
  • 933Li Congrong, prince of Later Tang
  • 1117Gertrude of Brunswick, Markgräfin of Meißen
  • 1165Malcolm IV of Scotland (b. 1141)
  • 1242Richard le Gras, Lord Keeper of England and Abbot of Evesham
  • 1268Vaišvilkas, Prince of Black Ruthenia, Grand Duke of Lithuania
  • 1299Bohemond I, Archbishop of Trier
  • 1437Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1368)
  • 1544Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (b. 1491)
  • 1565Pope Pius IV (b. 1499)
  • 1603William Watson, English priest (b. 1559)
  • 1625Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
  • 1636Fabian Birkowski, Polish preacher and author (b. 1566)
  • 1641Anthony van Dyck, Belgian-English painter and illustrator (b. 1599)
  • 1669Pope Clement IX (b. 1600)
  • 1674Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, English historian and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1609)
  • 1706Peter II of Portugal (b. 1648)
  • 1718Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian monk and cartographer (b. 1650)
  • 1761 – Tarabai, Queen of Chatrapati Rajaram (b. 1675)[10]
  • 1793Yolande de Polastron, French-Austrian educator (b. 1749)
  • 1798Johann Reinhold Forster, German pastor, botanist, and ornithologist (b. 1729)
  • 1830Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist, and academic (b. 1757)
  • 1854Almeida Garrett, Portuguese journalist and author (b. 1799)
  • 1858Robert Baldwin, Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Premier of Canada West (b. 1804)
  • 1887Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese religious leader
  • 1906Ferdinand Brunetière, French author and critic (b. 1849)
  • 1916Natsume Sōseki, Japanese author and poet (b. 1867)
  • 1924Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer and educator (b. 1854)
  • 1930Rube Foster, American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)
  • 1932Karl Blossfeldt, German photographer, sculptor, and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1932 – Begum Rokeya, Bangladeshi social worker and author (b. 1880)
  • 1935Walter Liggett, American journalist and activist (b. 1886)
  • 1937Lilias Armstrong, English phonetician (b. 1882)
  • 1937 – Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1941Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian author, poet, and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1943Georges Dufrénoy, French painter (b. 1870)
  • 1944Laird Cregar, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1945Yun Chi-ho, South Korean activist and politician (b. 1864)
  • 1957Ali İhsan Sâbis, Turkish general (b. 1882)
  • 1963Daniel O. Fagunwa, Nigerian author and educator (b. 1903)
  • 1963 – Perry Miller, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1964Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1965Branch Rickey, American baseball player and manager (b. 1884)
  • 1967Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and judge, 3rd President of the European Court of Justice (b. 1898)
  • 1968Enoch L. Johnson, American mob boss (b. 1883)
  • 1970Artem Mikoyan, Armenian-Russian engineer and businessman, co-founded the Mikoyan Company (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Feroz Khan Noon, Pakistani politician, 7th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1893)
  • 1971Ralph Bunche, American political scientist, academic, and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor and painter (b. 1874)
  • 1971 – Rev. Aeneas Francon Williams, Church of Scotland Minister, Missionary in India and China, writer and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1972Louella Parsons, American writer and columnist (b. 1881)
  • 1975William A. Wellman, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1979Fulton J. Sheen, American archbishop (b. 1895)
  • 1982Leon Jaworski, American lawyer and politician (b. 1905)
  • 1991Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898)
  • 1992Vincent Gardenia, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1993Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and manager (b. 1926)
  • 1995Toni Cade Bambara, American author and academic (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (b. 1907)
  • 1996Patty Donahue, American singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Mary Leakey, English archaeologist and anthropologist (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Alain Poher, French lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Diana Morgan, Welsh playwright and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1998Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1948)
  • 1998 – Archie Moore, American boxer and actor (b. 1913)
  • 2001Michael Carver, Baron Carver, English field marshal (b. 1915)
  • 2002Mary Hansen, Australian singer and guitarist (b. 1966)
  • 2002 – Ian Hornak, American painter and sculptor (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – Stan Rice, American painter and poet (b. 1942)
  • 2003Norm Sloan, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Paul Simon, American soldier, journalist, and politician, 39th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois (b. 1928)
  • 2005György Sándor, Hungarian-American pianist and educator (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Robert Sheckley, American author (b. 1928)
  • 2006Georgia Gibbs, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 2007Rafael Sperafico, Brazilian race car driver (b. 1981)
  • 2007 – Gordon Zahn, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2008Ibrahim Dossey, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1972)
  • 2008 – Yury Glazkov, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1939)
  • 2009Gene Barry, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2010James Moody, American saxophonist, flute player, and composer (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Dov Shilansky, Lithuanian-Israeli lawyer and politician, 10th Speaker of the Knesset (b. 1924)
  • 2012Béla Nagy Abodi, Hungarian painter and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Patrick Moore, English lieutenant, astronomer, and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Alex Moulton, English engineer and businessman, founded the Moulton Bicycle Company (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Jenni Rivera, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (b. 1969)
  • 2012 – Charles Rosen, American pianist and musicologist (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Riccardo Schicchi, Italian director and producer, co-founded Diva Futura (b. 1953)
  • 2012 – Norman Joseph Woodland, American inventor, co-created the bar code (b. 1921)
  • 2013John Gabbert, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (b. 1909)
  • 2013 – Barbara Hesse-Bukowska, Polish pianist and educator (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Eleanor Parker, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – John Wilbur, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 2014Sacvan Bercovitch, Canadian-American author, critic, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Jane Freilicher, American painter and poet (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Jorge María Mejía, Argentinian cardinal (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Mary Ann Mobley, American model and actress, Miss America 1959 (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Blagoje Paunović, Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Jože Toporišič, Slovenian linguist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2015Soshana Afroyim, Austrian painter (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Norman Breslow, American statistician and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Juvenal Juvêncio, Brazilian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Julio Terrazas Sandoval, Bolivian cardinal (b. 1936)
  • 2019Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer (b. 1958)

Holidays and observances

  • Anna's Day, marks the day to start the preparation process of the lutefisk to be consumed on Christmas Eve, as well as a Swedish name day, celebrating all people named Anna. (Sweden and Finland)
  • Armed Forces Day (Peru)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Feast of the Conception of the Most Holy Theotokos by St. Anne (Orthodox Church)
    • Juan Diego
    • Leocadia
    • Nectarius of Auvergne
    • Peter Fourier
    • December 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Fatherland's Heroes Day (Russia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Tanganyika from Britain in 1961. (Tanzania)
  • International Anti-Corruption Day (United Nations)
  • National Heroes Day, formerly V.C. Bird Day. (Antigua and Barbuda)
  • Navy Day (Sri Lanka)

References

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  7. William Turnage, Who Reinvented the Wilderness Society, is Dead at 74
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External links

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