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December 8 is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 23 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56).


Contents 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Holidays and observances 5 External links


Events

  • 395 – Later Yan is defeated by its former vassal Northern Wei at the Battle of Canhe Slope.
  • 757 – Du Fu returns to Chang'an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong's court, after having escaped the city during the An Lushan Rebellion.
  • 877 – Louis the Stammerer (son of Charles the Bald) is crowned king of the West Frankish Kingdom at Compiègne.
  • 1432 – The first battle between the forces of Švitrigaila and Sigismund Kęstutaitis is fought near the town of Oszmiana (Ashmyany), launching the most active phase of the Lithuanian Civil War.
  • 1596 – Luis de Carvajal y de la Cueva, one of the first Jewish authors in the Americas, died in an auto-da-fé during the Spanish Inquisition in Mexico City.
  • 1660 – A woman (either Margaret Hughes or Anne Marshall) appears on an English public stage for the first time, in the role of Desdemona in a production of Shakespeare's play Othello.
  • 1813 – Premiere of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony.
  • 1854 – In his Apostolic constitution Ineffabilis Deus, Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogmatic definition of Immaculate Conception, which holds that the Blessed Virgin Mary was conceived free of Original Sin.
  • 1907 – King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne.
  • 1912 – Leaders of the German Empire hold an Imperial War Council to discuss the possibility that war might break out.
  • 1914 – World War I: A squadron of Britain's Royal Navy defeats the Imperial German East Asia Squadron in the Battle of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.
  • 1922 – Northern Ireland ceases to be part of the Irish Free State.
  • 1927 – The Brookings Institution, one of the United States' oldest think tanks, is founded through the merger of three organizations that had been created by philanthropist Robert S. Brookings.
  • 1941 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares December 7 to be "a date which will live in infamy", after which the U.S. declares war on Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: Japanese forces simultaneously invade Shanghai International Settlement, Malaya, Thailand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and the Dutch East Indies. (See December 7 for the concurrent attack on Pearl Harbor in the Western Hemisphere.)
  • 1949 – The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East is established to provide aid to Palestinian refugees who left their homes during the 1948 Palestinian exodus.
  • 1953 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers his "Atoms for Peace" speech, which leads to an American program to supply equipment and information on nuclear power to schools, hospitals, and research institutions around the world.
  • 1955 – The Flag of Europe is adopted by Council of Europe.
  • 1962 – Workers at four New York City newspapers (this later increases to nine) go on strike for 114 days.
  • 1963 – Pan Am Flight 214, a Boeing 707, is struck by lightning and crashes near Elkton, Maryland, killing all 81 people on board.
  • 1966 – The Greek ship SS Heraklion sinks in a storm in the Aegean Sea, killing over 200.
  • 1969 – An Olympic Airways Douglas DC-6 strikes a mountain outside of Keratea, Greece, killing 90—the worst crash of a DC-6.
  • 1971 – Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Navy launches an attack on West Pakistan's port city of Karachi.
  • 1972 – United Airlines Flight 553, a Boeing 737, crashes after aborting its landing attempt at Chicago Midway International Airport, killing 45. The crash is the first-ever loss of a Boeing 737.
  • 1974 – A plebiscite results in the abolition of monarchy in Greece.
  • 1980 – John Lennon is murdered by Mark David Chapman in front of The Dakota in New York City.
  • 1982 – In Suriname, several opponents of the military government are killed.
  • 1987 – The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed.
  • 1987 – Frank Vitkovic shoots and kills eight people at the Australia Post building in Melbourne, before jumping to his death.
  • 1987 – The Alianza Lima air disaster occurs.
  • 1987 – An Israeli army tank transporter kills four Palestinian refugees and injures seven others during a traffic accident at the Erez Crossing on the Israel–Gaza Strip border, sparking the First Intifada.
  • 1988 – A United States Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II crashes into an apartment complex in Remscheid, Germany, killing 5 people and injuring 50 others.
  • 1991 – The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.
  • 1991 – The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.
  • 1998 – Eighty-one people are killed by armed groups in Algeria.
  • 2004 – The Cusco Declaration is signed in Cusco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations.
  • 2007 – Three unidentified gunmen storm an office of Benazir Bhutto's Pakistan Peoples Party in Balochistan. Three PPP supporters are killed.
  • 2009 – Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kill 127 and injure 448.
  • 2010 – With the second launch of the SpaceX Falcon 9 and the first launch of the SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first private company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.
  • 2010 – The Japanese solar-sail spacecraft IKAROS passes the planet Venus at a distance of about 80,800 km.
  • 2013 – Riots break out in Singapore after a fatal accident in Little India.

Births

  • 65 BC – Horace, Roman soldier and poet (d. 8 BC)
  • 1021 – Wang Anshi, Chinese economist and chancellor (d. 1086)
  • 1412 – Astorre II Manfredi, Italian lord (d. 1468)
  • 1542 – Mary, Queen of Scots (d. 1587)
  • 1574 – Maria Anna of Bavaria (d. 1616)
  • 1678 – Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole, English politician and diplomat, British Ambassador to France (d. 1757)
  • 1699 – Maria Josepha of Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1708 – Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1765)
  • 1724 – Claude Balbastre, French organist and composer (d. 1799)
  • 1730 – Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch physician, physiologist, and botanist (d. 1799)
  • 1731 – František Xaver Dušek, Czech pianist and composer (d. 1799)
  • 1756 – Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria (d. 1801)
  • 1765 – Eli Whitney, American engineer, invented the cotton gin (d. 1825)
  • 1795 – Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer and mathematician (d. 1874)
  • 1815 – Adolph Menzel, German painter and illustrator (d. 1905)
  • 1816 – August Belmont, Prussian-American financier and diplomat, 16th United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • 1817 – Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish lawyer and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1896)
  • 1818 – Charles III, Prince of Monaco (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Jakov Ignjatović, Hungarian-Serbian author (d. 1889)
  • 1832 – Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian-French author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1860 – Amanda McKittrick Ros, Irish author and poet (d. 1939)
  • 1861 – William C. Durant, American businessman, founded General Motors and Chevrolet (d. 1947)
  • 1861 – Aristide Maillol, French sculptor and painter (d. 1944)
  • 1861 – Georges Méliès, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1938)
  • 1862 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright (d. 1921)
  • 1864 – Camille Claudel, French illustrator and sculptor (d. 1943)
  • 1865 – Rüdiger von der Goltz, German general (d. 1946)
  • 1865 – Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician and academic (d. 1963)
  • 1865 – Jean Sibelius, Finnish violinist and composer (d. 1957)
  • 1874 – Ernst Moro, Austrian physician and pediatrician (d. 1951)
  • 1875 – Frederik Buch, Danish actor and screenwriter (d. 1925)
  • 1877 – Paul Ladmirault, French pianist, violinist, and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1880 – Johannes Aavik, Estonian linguist and philologist (d. 1973)
  • 1884 – Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour, English colonel and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1886 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter and educator (d. 1957)
  • 1886 – Albert Üksip, Estonian actor and botanist (d. 1966)
  • 1890 – Bohuslav Martinů, Czech-American pianist and composer (d. 1959)
  • 1892 – Marcus Lee Hansen, American historian, author, and academic (d. 1938)
  • 1894 – E. C. Segar, American cartoonist, created Popeye (d. 1938)
  • 1894 – James Thurber, American author and illustrator (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Marthe Vinot, French actress (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Arthur Leslie, English-Welsh actor and playwright (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – John Qualen, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – Sun Li-jen, Chinese general and politician (d. 1990)
  • 1900 – Ants Oras, Estonian-American author and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Wifredo Lam, Cuban-French painter (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Concha Piquer, Spanish singer and actress (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – John A. Volpe, American soldier and politician, 61st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Lesslie Newbigin, English bishop and theologian (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Gratien Gélinas, Canadian actor, director, and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Lee J. Cobb, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Nikos Gatsos, Greek poet and songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Delmore Schwartz, American poet and author (d. 1966)
  • 1915 – Ernest Lehman, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Richard Fleischer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Gérard Souzay, French actor and singer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Peter Tali Coleman, Samoan-American lawyer and politician, 43rd Governor of American Samoa (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Julia Robinson, American mathematician and theorist (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – Kateryna Yushchenko, Ukrainian computer scientist and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – McDonald Bailey, Trinidadian-English sprinter and rugby player (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Lucian Freud, German-English painter and illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Jean Ritchie, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Rudolph Pariser, Chinese-American soldier and chemist
  • 1924 – Lionel Gilbert, Australian historian, author, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Sammy Davis, Jr., American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author and poet (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Jimmy Smith, American organist (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Ferdie Pacheco, American physician and author
  • 1927 – Vladimir Shatalov, Kazakhstani general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1928 – Bill Hewitt, Canadian journalist and sportscaster (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Ulric Neisser, German-American psychologist, neuroscientist, and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Paddy O'Byrne, Irish radio host and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Julian Critchley, English journalist and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Maximilian Schell, Austrian-Swiss actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Bob Arum, American boxing promoter, founded Top Rank
  • 1933 – Flip Wilson, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Dharmendra, Indian actor, producer, and politician
  • 1935 – Tatiana Zatulovskaya, Russian-Israeli chess player
  • 1936 – David Carradine, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1936 – Michael Hobson, American publisher
  • 1937 – James MacArthur, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Arne Næss, Jr., German-Norwegian mountaineer and businessman (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Red Berenson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1939 – Jerry Butler, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Impressions)
  • 1939 – James Galway, Irish flute player
  • 1939 – Dariush Mehrjui, Iranian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Soko Richardson, American drummer (Kings of Rhythm and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers) (d. 2004)
  • 1940 – Brant Alyea, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Ed Brinkman, American baseball player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1941 – Bob Brown, American football player
  • 1941 – Duke Cunningham, American commander and politician
  • 1941 – Bobby Elliott, English drummer (The Hollies)
  • 1941 – Geoff Hurst, English footballer and manager
  • 1943 – Larry Martin, American paleontologist and ornithologist (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Jim Morrison, American singer-songwriter and poet (The Doors and Rick & the Ravens) (d. 1971)
  • 1943 – James Tate, American poet and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Bodo Tümmler, German runner
  • 1943 – Mary Woronov, American actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1944 – George Baker, Dutch singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – Bertie Higgins, American singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – Ted Irvine, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1944 – Vince MacLean, Canadian educator and politician
  • 1945 – John Banville, Irish journalist and author
  • 1946 – John Rubinstein, American actor, director, and composer
  • 1946 – Sharmila Tagore, Indian model and actress
  • 1947 – Chava Alberstein, Polish-Israeli singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Gregg Allman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Allman Brothers Band and Hour Glass)
  • 1947 – Gérard Blanc, French singer, guitarist, and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Thomas Cech, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Kati-Claudia Fofonoff, Finnish author and poet
  • 1947 – Margaret Geller, American astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic
  • 1947 – Bruce Kimmel, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1948 – Luis Caffarelli, Argentinian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1949 – Mary Gordon, American author, critic, and academic
  • 1949 – Nancy Meyers, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Ray Shulman, English violinist, guitarist, and producer (Simon Dupree and the Big Sound and Gentle Giant)
  • 1949 – Robert Sternberg, American psychologist and academic
  • 1950 – Rick Baker, American actor and makeup artist
  • 1950 – Tim Foli, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1950 – Dan Hartman, American singer-songwriter and producer (Edgar Winter Group) (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Bill Bryson, American author and academic
  • 1951 – Richard Desmond, English publisher and businessman, founded Northern & Shell
  • 1951 – Jan Eggum, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Gitarkameratene)
  • 1952 – Khaw Boon Wan, Malayan-Singaporean politician, Singaporean Minister of Health
  • 1952 – Steve Atkinson, English-Hong Kong cricketer
  • 1953 – Kim Basinger, American actress
  • 1953 – Roy Firestone, American sportscaster and journalist
  • 1953 – Norman Finkelstein, American author, academic, and activist
  • 1953 – Sam Kinison, American comedian and actor (d. 1992)
  • 1953 – Władysław Kozakiewicz, Lithuanian-Polish pole vaulter and coach
  • 1953 – Steve Yates, English footballer
  • 1954 – Harold Hongju Koh, American lawyer, academic, and politician
  • 1954 – Frits Pirard, Dutch cyclist
  • 1955 – Kasim Sulton, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Blue Öyster Cult, Utopia, and The New Cars)
  • 1955 – Milenko Zablaćanski, Serbian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1956 – Warren Cuccurullo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Duran Duran, Missing Persons, TV Mania, and Chicanery)
  • 1956 – Andrew Edge, English drummer and songwriter (Thompson Twins, Uropa Lula, and Savage Progress)
  • 1956 – Andrius Kubilius, Lithuanian academic and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Lithuania
  • 1957 – Slick, American wrestler and manager
  • 1957 – James Cama, American martial artist and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – Phil Collen, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Def Leppard, Girl, Man Raze, Tush, and Dumb Blondes)
  • 1958 – Rob Byrnes, American author and blogger
  • 1958 – Rob Curling, Malayan-English journalist
  • 1958 – Michel Ferté, French race car driver
  • 1958 – Bob Greene, American physiologist and author
  • 1958 – Thongchai McIntyre, Thai singer and actor
  • 1958 – Mirosław Okoński, Polish footballer
  • 1959 – Stephen Jefferies, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1959 – Mark Steyn, Canadian-American author and critic
  • 1960 – Aaron Allston, American game designer and author (d. 2014)
  • 1960 – Lim Guan Eng, Malaysian accountant and politician, 4th Chief Minister of the State of Penang
  • 1961 – Ann Coulter, American lawyer, journalist, and author
  • 1961 – Mikey Robins, Australian comedian and television host
  • 1962 – Steve Elkington, Australian-American golfer
  • 1962 – Marty Friedman, American-Japanese guitarist, songwriter, and television host (Megadeth, Cacophony, and Hawaii)
  • 1962 – Nikos Karageorgiou, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Wendell Pierce, American actor and producer
  • 1962 – Berry van Aerle, Dutch footballer
  • 1963 – Greg Howe, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1963 – Toshiaki Kawada, Japanese wrestler
  • 1964 – James Blundell, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – Teri Hatcher, American cheerleader and actress
  • 1964 – Chigusa Nagayo, Japanese wrestler
  • 1964 – Mike Ruiz, Canadian-American model, actor, and photographer
  • 1965 – David Harewood, English actor
  • 1965 – Theo Maassen, Dutch actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Les Ferdinand, English footballer and coach
  • 1966 – Tyler Mane, Canadian wrestler and actor
  • 1966 – Sinéad O'Connor, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Jeff George, American football player
  • 1967 – Andy Kapp, German curler
  • 1967 – Kotono Mitsuishi, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1967 – Darren Sheridan, English footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Junkie XL, Dutch keyboard player and producer
  • 1968 – Michael Cole, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Mike Mussina, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Doriano Romboni, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 2013)
  • 1971 – Abdullah Ercan, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Marco Abreu, Angolan footballer
  • 1972 – Indrek Allmann, Estonian architect
  • 1972 – Édson Ribeiro, Brazilian sprinter
  • 1972 – Frank Shamrock, American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer
  • 1973 – Doron Bell, Canadian actor and singer
  • 1973 – Corey Taylor, American singer-songwriter (Slipknot, Stone Sour, and Junk Beer Kidnap Band)
  • 1974 – Cristian Castro, Mexican singer
  • 1974 – Tony Simmons, American football player and coach
  • 1974 – Nick Zinner, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Yeah Yeah Yeahs and Head Wound City)
  • 1975 – Kevin Harvick, American race car driver
  • 1976 – Brettina, Bahamian-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1976 – Reed Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Dominic Monaghan, German-English actor and producer
  • 1977 – Elsa Benítez, Mexican model and television host
  • 1977 – Sébastien Chabal, French rugby player
  • 1977 – Priit Narusk, Estonian skier
  • 1977 – Ryan Newman, American race car driver
  • 1977 – Aleksandra Olsza, Polish tennis player
  • 1977 – Anita Weyermann, Swiss runner and journalist
  • 1978 – John Oster, English-Welsh footballer
  • 1978 – Frédéric Piquionne, French footballer
  • 1978 – Anwar Siraj, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1978 – Ian Somerhalder, American actor
  • 1978 – Vernon Wells, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Daniel Fitzhenry, Australian rugby player
  • 1979 – Johan Forssell, Swedish lawyer and politician
  • 1979 – Raymond Lam, Chinese actor and singer
  • 1979 – Ingrid Michaelson, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1979 – José Peña, Venezuelan sprinter
  • 1979 – Christian Wilhelmsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1980 – Lisa Kelly, American truck driver
  • 1980 – Yuliya Krevsun, Ukrainian runner
  • 1981 – Jeremy Accardo, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Azra Akın, Dutch-Turkish model and actress, Miss World 2002
  • 1981 – Simon Finnigan, English rugby player
  • 1981 – Philip Rivers, American football player
  • 1982 – Alfredo Aceves, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Halil Altıntop, Turkish footballer
  • 1982 – Hamit Altıntop, Turkish footballer
  • 1982 – Chrisette Michele, American singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Noelle Pikus-Pace, American skeleton racer
  • 1982 – Jimmy Rave, American wrestler
  • 1982 – DeeDee Trotter, American runner
  • 1983 – Neel Jani, Swiss race car driver
  • 1983 – Valéry Mézague, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1983 – Liu Song, Chinese snooker player
  • 1984 – Emma Green Tregaro, Swedish high jumper
  • 1984 – Greg Halford, English footballer
  • 1984 – Sam Hunt, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Josh Donaldson, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Meagan Duhamel, Canadian figure skater
  • 1985 – Dwight Howard, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Oleksiy Pecherov, Ukrainian basketball player
  • 1986 – Enzo Amore, American wrestler
  • 1986 – Amir Khan, English boxer
  • 1986 – Kate Voegele, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1987 – Jana Juricová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1989 – Drew Doughty, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Alonso Edward, Panamanian sprinter
  • 1989 – Jen Ledger, English singer and drummer (Skillet)
  • 1992 – Katie Stevens, American actress and singer
  • 1992 – Yui Yokoyama, Japanese singer and actress (AKB48, NMB48, and Not Yet)
  • 1993 – Janari Jõesaar, Estonian basketball player
  • 1993 – Jordan Obita, English footballer
  • 1993 – AnnaSophia Robb, American actress and singer
  • 1994 – Conseslus Kipruto, Kenyan runner
  • 1994 – Aika Ota, Japanese singer (HKT48, AKB48, and Watariroka Hashiritai)
  • 1994 – Raheem Sterling, English footballer
  • 1994 – Suzuran Yamauchi, Japanese singer and actress (SKE48 and AKB48)
  • 1995 – Jordon Ibe, English footballer
  • 1996 – Teala Dunn, American actress

Deaths

  • Arnulf of Carinthia (b. 850)
  • 1626 – John Davies, English poet, lawyer, and politician (b. 1569)
  • 1632 – Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1561)
  • 1638 – Ivan Gundulić, Croatian poet (b. 1589)
  • 1643 – John Pym, English politician (b. 1583)
  • 1649 – Noël Chabanel, French missionary and saint (b. 1613)
  • 1680 – Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, English lawyer and politician (b. 1606)
  • 1691 – Richard Baxter, English minister, poet, and hymn-writer (b. 1615)
  • 1695 – Barthélemy d'Herbelot, French orientalist and academic (b. 1625)
  • 1709 – Thomas Corneille, French playwright and philologist (b. 1625)
  • 1722 – Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine (b. 1652)
  • 1744 – Marie Anne de Mailly, French mistress of Louis XV of France (b. 1717)
  • 1745 – Étienne Fourmont, French orientalist and academic (b. 1683)
  • 1746 – Charles Radclyffe, English courtier and soldier (b. 1693)
  • 1756 – William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington, English politician and diplomat, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1690)
  • 1768 – Jean Denis Attiret, French painter and missionary (b. 1702)
  • 1779 – Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • 1793 – Madame du Barry, French mistress of Louis XV of France (b. 1743)
  • 1811 – Eliza Poe, English-American actress (b. 1787)
  • 1830 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss-French philosopher and author (b. 1767)
  • 1859 – Thomas De Quincey, English journalist and author (b. 1785)
  • 1864 – George Boole, English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1815)
  • 1869 – Narcisa de Jesús, Ecuadorian saint (b. 1832)
  • 1885 – William Henry Vanderbilt, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1821)
  • 1903 – Herbert Spencer, English biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and philosopher (b. 1820)
  • 1907 – Oscar II of Sweden (b. 1829)
  • 1913 – Camille Jenatzy, Belgian race car driver (b. 1868)
  • 1914 – Melchior Anderegg, Swiss mountain guide (b. 1828)
  • 1914 – Maximilian von Spee, Danish-German admiral (b. 1861)
  • 1917 – Mendele Mocher Sforim, Russian author (b. 1836)
  • 1918 – Josip Štadler, Croatian archbishop (b. 1843)
  • 1919 – J. Alden Weir, American painter (b. 1852)
  • 1936 – Simplicio Godina, Filipino conjoined twin (b. 1908)
  • 1937 – Hans Molisch, Czech-Austrian botanist and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1938 – Friedrich Glauser, Swiss soldier and author (b. 1896)
  • 1940 – George Lloyd, English-Canadian bishop and theologian (b. 1861)
  • 1952 – Charles Lightoller, English sailor (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Gladys George, American actress and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1954 – Joseph B. Keenan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1958 – Tris Speaker, American baseball player and manager (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Sarit Thanarat, Thai field marshal and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1908)
  • 1966 – Ward Morehouse, American playwright, author, and critic (b. 1899)
  • 1971 – Ernst Krenkel, Russian geographer and explorer (b. 1903)
  • 1971 – Eleni Ourani, Greek poet and critic (b. 1896)
  • 1973 – Carol Victor, Hereditary Prince of Albania, (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Gary Thain, New Zealand bass player (Uriah Heep) (b. 1948)
  • 1978 – Golda Meir, Ukrainian-Israeli educator and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – John Lennon, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Beatles, Plastic Ono Band, The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)
  • 1981 – Big Walter Horton, American harmonica player (b. 1918)
  • 1982 – Bram Behr, Surinamese journalist and politician (b. 1951)
  • 1982 – André Kamperveen, Surinamese footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1982 – Marty Robbins, American singer-songwriter and race car driver (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Keith Holyoake, New Zealand farmer and politician, 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Slim Pickens, American actor and singer (b. 1919)
  • 1984 – Luther Adler, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1984 – Robert Jay Mathews, American militant leader, founded The Order (b. 1953)
  • 1984 – Semih Sancar, Turkish general (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Buck Clayton, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – William Shawn, American journalist (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Yevgeny Minayev, Russian weightlifter (b. 1933)
  • 1994 – Antônio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Howard Rollins, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 1996 – Kashiwado Tsuyoshi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 47th Yokozuna (b. 1938)
  • 1997 – Bob Bell, American clown and actor (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Péter Kuczka, Hungarian poet and author (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Mirza Delibašić, Bosnian basketball player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 2001 – Betty Holberton, American computer scientist and programmer (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Rubén González, Cuban pianist (Buena Vista Social Club and Estrellas de Areito) (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Dimebag Darrell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pantera, Damageplan, and Gasoline) (b. 1966)
  • 2005 – Georgiy Zhzhonov, Russian actor and author (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Martha Tilton, American singer and actress (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – José Uribe, Dominican baseball player (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Gerardo García Pimentel, Mexican journalist (b. 1983)
  • 2008 – Kerryn McCann, Australian runner (b. 1967)
  • 2008 – Oliver Postgate, English voice actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Robert Prosky, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – Kenneth Biros, American murderer (b. 1958)
  • 2009 – Luis Días, Dominican singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Jerry Brown, American football player (b. 1987)
  • 2012 – John Gowans, Scottish-English 16th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Johnny Lira, American boxer (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Khan Sarwar Murshid, Bangladeshi academic and diplomat (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – John Cornforth, Australian-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Sándor Szokolay, Hungarian composer and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Richard S. Williamson, American lawyer and diplomat (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – Tom Gosnell, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Russ Kemmerer, American baseball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Knut Nystedt, Norwegian organist and composer (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Mattiwilda Dobbs, American soprano and actress (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Alan Hodgkinson, English footballer and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Bonnie Lou, American singer-songwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Douglas Tompkins, American businessman, co-founded The North Face and Esprit Holdings (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – John Trudell, American author, poet, and actor (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Elsie Tu, English-Hong Kong educator and politician (b. 1913)

Holidays and observances

  • Bodhi Day (Japan)
  • CARICOM–Cuba Day (Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Cuba)
  • Christian feast day: Clement of Ohrid (Julian Calendar), and its related observances: Saint Clement of Ohrid Day (Macedonia)
  • Eucharius
  • Feast of the Immaculate Conception (public holiday in several countries, a holy day of obligation in others), and its related observances: Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Anglican Communion), lesser commemoration
  • Christmas on Campus (University of Dayton)
  • Mother's Day (Panama)
  • Festa da Conceição da Praia, celebrating Yemanjá, Queen of the Ocean (Salvador, Bahia)
  • Festival of Lights (Lyon)
  • Richard Baxter (US Episcopal Church)
  • Romaric
  • December 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Romania)
  • Constitution Day (Uzbekistan)
  • Day of Finnish Music (Finland)
  • Earliest day on which National Tree Planting Day (Malawi) can fall, while December 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Monday in December
  • National Youth Day (Albania)

External links

  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to December 8.
  • BBC: On This Day
  • The New York Times: On This Day
  • Today in Canadian History